North Carolina Newspapers

    I^iiiiiiii I Iiiiii|i|iiiii Iii lii limi I ill"!111'1 Tobacco Farroors!
fm of the
I send my
I to the to
wn North
|so full of
Bpe of returning
? to directly In con
?ilieture which con
?k-twelve months ago
Hp for ua to compre
Hp early days of Sep
^Hbour committee, on
Bp honor to serve as
Hgt to Washington the
confronted the grow
was dark indeed. The
had been disposed of
HBgner pert of the South
a* well, at prices which
pilly bankruptcy and de
Bk border markets in North
K the brief period in which
^BHBh selling our early
Htlnd witnessed the same spec
^?Marvation prices, and gloom,
BgnSM and despair was every
M e prevalent. We closed the mar
Ba North Carolina and sent tele
?Bb appeals to Washington which
^MBpotily the response that noth
?f.could be done about the crop
HHkeing marketed except the im
Hpa' of the processing tax which
Kpfen announced. This, however,
Hal Bot possibly add to the price
KaUxation of that year's crop or re
Km the immediate distress. In reply
Hpidlitod only an opportunity to be
Hpjtd and present our case; and hav
R|Ef: secured the assistance and coop
^ntion of the Governors of South
Barolinn and Virginia, who sent their
?prn representatives and tobacco
?powers, we went to Washington to
I present our case. After careful con
^ federation of every suggestion made,
Hps proposal which I had the honor
p$> make and which was simple and
I acceptable to all partie^ was unani
I rfcucsly adopted. It was called the
|;North Carolina plan and it proposed
; two things only:
K&, "First, that the growers would
fwillingly accept such prices for the
p|rop then being marketed as Gov
geniment officials, after investigation,
|j|cAerrained to be a fair price and,
| Second, that the growers would agree
| contract to limit their crop for
j 1934 to scch size as the Government,
H)Wn investigation, should say was a
I proper and needed crop, even to the
Latent of not raising tobacco for one
Sj|e?r if the Government thought wise.
-All other suggestions of dealing with
|Sb situation were simply referred to
Bpe, Government for its consideration,
nt suggestions merely, leaving the
I AAA free to chose any method, upon
H&Mtigation, it thought l*est or to
gHMmge methods if the one first tried
Kjjthould fail to accor /lish the fair or
Hnrity price which .as being sought.
^*The fairness of this proposal
B^hallenged everyone. The Govern
Emient agents administering the AAA
at once the justice of the pro
pMjfcl and eagerly accepted limitation
??tracts reducing acreage by approx
imately one-third. We returned to
Bailh Carolina and put on a cam
paign for this purpose, which was:
^^pfendidly successful and enthusiast!
eally carried out. The results are
now history. The farmers of North
Carolina, when the markets reopened,
received a greatly increased price for
their 1933 crop,?an increase measur
ed in millions and conservatively es
timated to be double the price at
which tobacco was selling when the
markets were closed, and the fruits
of that activity and the crop limita
tion then proposed and carried out
have been carried over into this year
and are now pouring their golden
harvest into the pockets of the grow
"It is entirely accurate to say that
by virtue of last September's activity
the tobacco grower is today just
twelve months ahead in the program
of agricultural recovery because, but
for that activity, we would be this
year just where we were at the same
time last, and the prices we are re
ceiving this year are a direct re
sult of the cooperative action of last.
"The lesson of all this is simple
but very, very vital. For many years
I have thought that the only hope
for agricultural recovery was to dis
cover some means of applying the
principle of cooperation to the prob
lem of production. I have preached
and advocated this on many occa
sions. That is exactly what was pro
posed in the North Carolina plan and
that is exactly what was carried out
by the crop limitation agreements.
We have learned also from our ex
perience in the past twelve months
that, contrary to history of the past
and a rather general conviction, the
farmer can cooperate and that in this
cooperation lies his salvation. The
great danger which must be guarded
against alwtays is that we may forget
the lesson of this experience and
lapse into old methods which brought
us only disaster and ruin. Govern
mental experts can keep us informed
of the needs and the probable de
mtands for the tobacco crop each year
and the farmers themselves, follow
ing equitable and mutually coopera
tive methods of crop limitation, as
this year, can see to it that such a
crop is raised as will command a fair
"I salute you in the dawn of your
you the fullest measure of the reali
zation of your hopes. In the midst
of this prosperity let us not repeat
the mistakes of the past Let us
conserve the returns from our crops
and use them wisely and well. Waste
and extravagance in spending must
be avoided; utilization of incomes for
constructive purposes must be en
couraged. Turn your back on the
man wJio tries to inveigle from you
your dollars in thriftless and un
soundly speculative investments. Plan
and build for yourselves an enduring
Celebration Given Credit For
The Full Cooperation Of This
Section In- Production Ad
justment Program
Outstanding among the momen
tous events that marked the past to
bacco season was the Golden Weed
Jubilee, celebrating the signing of
the higher price agreement with the
buying companies, and heaping a
tribute of warmest praise upon the
Governor of North Carolina, J. C. B.
Ehringhaus, the committee of forty
two farmers, L. V. Morrill, Congress
man Lindsay C. Warren, of this dis
trict, and J. Con Lanier of the Agri
cultural Adjustment Administration,
all of whom labored unceasingly in
behalf of the relief of the tobacco
Celebration Held In Farmville
With the pledge of co-operation in
the marketing holiday, given here
in the meeting of warehousemen on
September 2, it was fitting that an
event of such great magnitude as the
Golden Weed Jubilee, portent in its
purpose and lasting in its benefits,
should be held here. The celebration,
in November, was sponsored by the
14 markets of the Bright Leaf Belt
and brought thousands of people to
? ^Aoannn? Vioifa MokItoIQ
w UVTVtllVl f UJI?0 iltOiBVfcO
After visiting several markets on
his motor trip from Raleigh, Gover
nor Ehringhaus, and party of twenty,
reached the Farmville market about
3:30 in the afternoon and witnessed
a sale of several hundred pounds of
tobacco, which ranged in price from
22 to 80 cents a pound, and which
was offered by the Major Benjamin
May chapter, D. A. R., whose regent,
Mrs. T. C. Turnage, a woman of bril
liant intellect and staunch patriotism,
contributed to Eastern Carolina the
idea of the celebration and worked
indefatigably night and day towards
the development and successful cul
mination of the program.
From here the Governor continued
his journey to other markets return
ing for a dinner, tendered him by the
warehousemen at 6:00 o'clock, with
places laid for aixty guests, and ex
pertly served by members of the
Junior Woman's Club, of which Miss
Lucy Johnston is president.
Greetings Brought From Various
The exercises, which were held in
the school auditorium at 7:30 o'clock,
began with the processional, "God of
Our Fathers," sung by the Farmville,
Choral Club with Mrs. Haywood
Smith accompanist. Mrs. T. C. Turn
age graciously presided over the af
Rev. C. B. Mashburn pronounced
the invocation and Mayor John B.
l^ewis extended a cordial welcome,
to which William Anderson of Wilson
responded. J. W. Holmes spoke in
behalf of the business men of Farm
ville, and John T. Thorne for the to
bacco growers of the community,
with Mrs. W. B. Murphrey of Snow
Hill, as lieutenant-general of the
National Recovery Administration in
North Carolina, presenting greetings.
Dr. J. Y. Joyner of LaGrange, Rep
resentee Graham Barden of New
Bern and J. Y. Monk of Farmville,
brought echoes from the conference
held several weeks ago with heads of
the agricultural administration.
L. V. Morrill of Snow Hill, one of
the principal figures in the movement
for better prices, was scheduled to
take part on the program but was
prevented from being present by ill
Preceding the address by Governor
Ehringhaus was a vocal solo, "A
Birthday," sung by Mrs. Knott Proc
tor, of Greenville, with Mrs. M. V.
Jones at the piano.
Governor Assures Farmers Of His
Though the preliminaries preced
ing the main event, the Governor's
speech, had been going for two hours
before the Governor rose to speak, he
remarked that he had a message and
he was bound to deliver it. And de
liver it, he did, to an audience, which
listened spellbound to his resume of
the tobacco conference and the re
sultant rise in prices, together with
his expression of confidence in the
growers carrying out their limitation
"In this connection" he stated, "It
is well, that we remember the lesson^
of our fight and, above all, the im
perative necessity for continued co
operation in production. Even though
we may not have realized the ulti
mate of our hopes in price for our
entire crop, when we remember that
at the time the markets were closed,
tobacco was selling at an average
of 9c, 'and the price going lower,
when we remember the experience
of the Georgia farmer whose crop
had all been sold, and our South
Carolina brethren, a large part of
whose crop had already been dis
posed of, when we remember that
tobacco today is selling for the high
(Please turn to page 24)

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