North Carolina Newspapers

    Roosevelt Talks to Nevada
Group; Speeds to Coast
- ? ? mi ?? mum ? ???
Crowd at Carim Inter
rupts the Presidentialf
Speech to Applaud Pat
Aboard President Roosevelt's Train |
En Route to San Francisco, July 18*?-l?
A station crowd at Carlxn, Nevada, h
interrupted a talk by President Rooee-J,
velt today to applaud Senator Path
McCarran (IX, Nevada), a bitter foeL
of some New Deal legislative propos-L
lite rreeifinnt was accompanied to j
the rear platfonn of bis special train!
' by Albert Kflliard, opposing McCar- L
ran of renomination. Hilliard has L
pledged fall support to the admin-L
istratkw. McCarran, who had board-j,
ed the train at Ogden, Utah, came!
onto the platform after Mr. Roose-L
velt had started speaking. fj
"Hello, Pat," someone called, andlj
a round of applause rippled through j
the crowd. The President, smiling, I
stopped speaking momentarily and u
shook hands with McCarran. L
McCarran thereafter joined fre-L
quently with the crowd in applaud^ 11
ing Mr. Roosevelt's statements that t
water should be pat to its best pos-jc
sable use for the benefit of residents v
of Nevada and the nation as a whole, t
Before the platform appearance, L
McCarran hqd told reporters that b*L
thought Mr. Roosevelt's cross-coun- j f
try tour had made no change in po-U
litical sentiment. McCarran was one r f
of the Senators who fought Mr.L
Roosevelt's court reorganisation hill g
last year, and he voted against the j
government reorganisation plan. X
To Caiuornia 5
Leaving Carlin, the President sped ?
onward toward California where he t
piawiMwi to apeak at the San Fran- {
cisco exposition grounds tomorrow; (
and, perhaps, say a good word or
two for flatter William Gibbs Mc- .
Adoo, one of his staunch supporters. I
The Iheakfcnt told his Carlin sta- I
tion andiaace that he thought the
country was getting more "water
conscious." Better use of water in Ne
vada, he said, should make it pos
sible for the state to support a larger
. population. ??
"We u Washington are not for
getting year state and your prob- .
Jems," he said.
The Pieaidsat left the rear plat- *
form before the tram palled out, tel- ?
ling his listeners that Tve got some a
work to do." This consisted, he ex- 1
plained, of getting in touch with ^
Washington officials by telephone. *
After Mr. Booeevelt embarks for
his Pacific cruise at San Diego Sat- v
urday, he ssaerterl, he would be "in 1
five-minute touch with Washington by *
telephone." J
He aaid it was naesasnry that he *
keep doaa communication with the (
capital kacsaae of the numerous
"problems all over the country and '
also the problem of foreign affairs."" 0
i McCarpsa, who told newsmen that' *
his opposition to snch major admin- J
iatratkm proposals as the court and
parently wfes helping rather than '
nation, obeerved: "
sentiment any."
As to Oklahoma j
Senator Elmer Thomas beat a field ,
of three, MeCarran ^ventured the j
had giro Senator^Alben j
* Mid' -kop?f to ta&|
"*]|?| WI|C?v #j
Jaj.^|?J?l - 11
Two-Thirds Cotton
Yield May Result
Cool nfefcts and excessive rain dur
ing the past month map react in a
rotton yield for the State of only
wo-thirds normal, Mr. John T.
rhorne of Farmvilla, commented here
?day upon his return from Raleigh
share he attended a board meeting
if tiie North Carolina Cotton Grow
srs Cooperative Association and dis
:ussed crop conditions with other
nembera of the board from all sec
tions of the State.
"All of our directors are cotton
lumen sod the general view-point
Expressed in regard to crop condi
ions and expected yield was pesai
nistic," Mr. Thorne said.
The meeting attnded by Mr. Thorne
vas the first the directors have held
n the Cotton Associations new home,
ocated at 121 East Davie Street, in
"The steady growth of the coopera
ive movement in North Carolina had
osde our former quartern inadequate
o serve our needs," commented Mr.
[home, in pointing out that the new
>oilding provides approximately 30,
00 feet of floor space as compared
rith only 17,000 in the former quart
ers. The building is located near
he city market where farmers con
gregate and will be-more convenient
or members than the former quar
The four-story brick building is
wned by the Cotton Association and
fives the cooperative movement in
forth Carolina permanent quarters,
n addition to the Cotton Assoda
ion, the building also provides of
ice space for the Farmus Coopera
ive Exchange, the Carolina Qo-opera
or Publishing Company and the
Cooperative Insurance Companies.
French Tike Pre
cautions Against
Insurgent Drive
Eendaye, France (At the Spanish
frontier), July 13. ? Reports that
Spanish Insurgents planned a drive
Jong the French border to match
be costal campaign against Valencia
nought quick action today from the
faneh general staff.
French border anti-craft defenaee
rare strengthened on reports that
nsuxgents, with the aid of Italian
roope, were being concentrated for
i push to cut government Spain off
ram France.
On the Valencia front, Insurgent
ieneralisshmo Francisco Franco was
aid to have massed an army of 200,-1
00 men for an offensive against that
rovecnment seaport. General Jose
iiajp brought his government forces
tp to 250,009 to meet the drive.
Government dispatches said Miaja
tad hahed lnsurgent drives on Segor
ie, 85 miles northwest of Valencia,
nd on Sagunio, strategic highway
paction 16 miles to the northeast A
bird insurgent force was locked with
pverament troops in the Espadan
fountains, about 16 miles north of.
he Teruel-Sagunto highway.
Franco apparently was holding his
iaad in preparation for a grand of
fensive. ' ~ t . j va J4>. ^^
Observers saw the hand of Italian
Premier Mussolini in the reported
reparations for the Insurgent north
ern drive. Such a campaign, they
jointed out, would serve three puri
2. Gav^ ltaliin ".tjpoops vataatd*
Oiowledge> of France's southern ap
jjl^ Put Italian troops at a spot 'la,
kjv _ rLiJ
MJn;on vioS^in^i
cptton-claaeing agrvi<?^fo|
ural Economics, stud J. A. ShankJin,
tajdnl|*ctiv^ measures to improve
IT ^ * I .
' '?' _ A t'' . _ ?? ?*_1 ? V ? -?T . _,
_ ?. v.
Nazi Press Takes
Shot At America
Blames "Pan-American
Idealism" for Ger
many's Trade Break
Berlin, July 13.?Brazil's "depen
dence upon the United States' Pan
American idealism" was blamed by
the controlled German press today
for Germany's suspension of pur
chases from thfi?n
It was announced that since the
Bank of Brazil ceased on June 80
to buy so-called compensation or bar
ter marks available from German's
transactions with Brazil, Germany
would buy coffee, tobacco, rubber,
?I"g' """""
Washington, July 18. ? Interna
tional trade experts professed sur
prise today at Germany's reported:
suspension of purchases from Brazil.
. While State Department officials
refrained from comment pending of
ficial confirmation of the action,'con
jecture was rife in diplomatic quar- {
tecs over the possible outcome of
Oh commercial war between the two
One close observer said Brazil's
principal difficulty for the present, 1
at least, would be to find a market 1
I for her cotton, but declared the Ger- 1
[man move may be the "leeaer of two :
evils for BraziL"
He said it was probable that the ?
two countries would reach a compro- '
mise, but Germany would recognize
Braail's demands before renewing the .
trade agreement between "the two
countries which expired about a year 1
ago. 1
These demands, he said, were for 1
a voice in. determining what items
would be included on the list open to
purchase by Brazil on 'the blocked :
compensation mark basis, and a voice 1
in determining the Ask 1 mark dis
count rate in Brazil.
Beth these conditions, be declared, >J
Germany has heretofore refused to '
admit. He pointed out Brazil's con- 1
tention that the Ask 1 mark is con- 1
vertiWe into Brazilian milreis as well 1
as into German reichmarks. 1
Sooner or later, he said, the pres- ;
ent issue had to be faced. After at
tempting to straddle the fence be- -
tween the German and American in- 1
ternational trade policies for several (
years, Brazil was rapidly being forced 1
into a position where she had to 1
choose between than. *
? . - * - <
IlWarns Farmers About I
L Quack-Cure Peddlers;
"If a slick-tongued salesman comes ?
round and tries to sell you a 'sure
cure' for aleeping sickness in horses,
send him on his way before ha has .
a chance to get any of your money," .
Dr. C. D. Grinnells, veterinarian at
the N. C. Agricultysal' Experiment ,
Station, warns-Tar Heel farmers.
Last year's outbreak bf this fatal
| disease in horses, and the approach '
| of the 1938 season for another out- ?
break, have encouraged peddlers at ,
nostrums to attempt to cash in on the |
situation oyer a wide area.
The disease is limited almost eh
tWy > j&m ho^ Tta .ymp- :
toms are at a nervous type as shown
by the mental condition of affected
animals, abnormal movements, and
paralysis. These symptoms are often
preceded by a marked depresssion in
the animal's spirits. The animal at
flr<MI, then gnxtolly
nation, ajrf
animal shorn any signs of disease.
[fled sryap, ? rir^btmce sample rep-j
I ^ *,- ' r
I i , I
L A*y* fltonlft ' MD^fiTbu' Or \ ? uM>" nSLad'-'^aSllB
ft principal -Chinese munitions routt. |
?? ? "? ^ 1 ?J*?'*
omlh^ Chinese. nitBt& r Two r
Bptrsuit snip* - over uisxowi
? ' I ? ? II ? : I
? iV 'niViiS?" ? ' i r ? ^ ,m~ riHffwl
I;.;* , '? t. yjM&' % K% lg|g? V ?,'$ I
ftL!?_ L
threw % bilk of his last reserves
into a laid, water and air offensive
against large Japanese forces driving
toward China's provisional capital in
fitaaskoaf and claimed a series of spec
tacular victories.
Seven or more Japanese warships
were damaged in aerial bombings on
the Japanese fleet in the Yangtse
river below Kfaltiakg, the Chinese
?aid, and United Press correspond*
ents confirmed that at least one Jap
Shanghai with her stern partly blown
out I
In South China, the Kwantung pro
vincial government asserted that
Chinese forces had reoccupied most
of Namoa Island, off Swatow, which
was seised by Japanese bluejackets
last month.
Chinese forces, too, still were hold- ;
ing the waterfront of Kiuhiang, a
Icey city inr Hankow's southeastern
defenses, and were battering the Jap
anese armies around Hukow?Just
east of Kiutigng across the entrance
?- ?i*a? oar ?.<?!?*<
Despite toe vigor or tne vmnese .
counter - attacks, however, foreign !
Military attaches here and in Han- |
kow believed that the Wu-Han cities
(Wuchang, Hankow and Hanyang)?
traditional military heart of China? j
soon would fall to the encircling Jap- ,
anese forces.
Then, it was believed, the Japanese
would halt their military operations
for a time and mrwe a new "peace
irive,?\. mMi|t
' Foreign consul* general in Shang
hai tow The United Hw that thay
had reports that the Japanese were
considering new international agree-.
ments with regard to China and would
suggest a "modernization" of the
present nine-power treaty which if
supposed to assure China's territorial
Integrity. fa
It was pointed out that guarded :
Japanese statements- doting, the past
week haw* emphasized that General
Chiang Kai-Shek soon "will he re- 1
iuced to ' the status of a mere pro
vincial war lord" and that Japan may '
consider that he has been sufficiently
'crushed" when he is ousted from the -
5Vu-Han area.
?? i
provinces north of th? Yellow JBver !
Which always have been her real mili
tary objective. ;
. Haooeppy Island I
In claiming the reoccupation of 1
Namoa Island, the Kwantung proviso i
ional government in Canton said that
Chinese guerrillas landed '?Ofep5-[
land Honda^ night, taking advan-|:
tags of withdrawal of part of the
^ ?;[ y ?mcia"
A Japanese army spokesman re
veated ant the Chinese invasion of
Shanai province stsrtiogithree months
ago had been more successful timn
duced to eating cats and (logs to avoid
southeast Shanai In the Yellow river,
iMay Execution ^for
Weigh, JulTIT- Without hav
ing served a day of a six months
sentence imposed in Pitt County for
operating a tourist camp foy illegal
purposes, Media Teel, convicted last
November, has received a parole from
Governor Hoey, it was learned late
yesterday, and will continue his free
dom, granted by a . stay of execution
|& sentence. , ?
Clemency for convicted men who
have not begun to serve their sen
tences is rare, parole officials ad
mitted yesterday, but in the case of
Teel, two judges and a; solicitor con
cerned with the case urged parole.
Judge Henry A. Grady ordered cap
ias .for Teel withheld, pending fur
ther Investigation of his case. >
Teel was owner of a tourist camp
against which the charges were
brought, and since, that time accord
ing to Trial Solicitor D. M. Clark,
has dismantled the cabins on .his prop
erty and made legal steps to prevent
any resumption of such business on
the former location. JEach- member
of the trial jury and seven. State wit
nesses also recommended the action,
the parole order stated.
Three other paroles were an
nounced yesterday and 20 appeals Cor
clemency were denied.
Paroled were Willie Toweott,
Negro sentencedLto 10 to 16 years
from Washington county far. # con
viction in 1981 of second'degree mur
der; Kills Williams, serving two to
three years jdnca October front (Co
lumbus County for involuntary mfen
slaugfcter; and Ernest Colling, sent
up from Mecklenburg County in No
vember for 15 months for larceny.
Our fltjj&Ii
|||ii To Maates
(By Florence-Lewis)
| We left FannviUe dmut five o'clock
on Friday morning, July 8th.
Our. first stop of importance was in
Eden ton, the second oldest town in
North Carolina.
The places of interest in thiB place
axe St. Paul's Church, erected in
1736, Cupola Hquse, eroded in 1756,
and the Court House erected in 1767.
We visited St. Paul's Church. The
Rector of the church gave us some
Interesting history concerning some
jf the oldest people who are buried
in this chmetery surrounding the
entered ckureh nil
? visited both the wain auditorium and
Lhe balcony which Has a fery ancient
touting organ. We then registered
iuid proceeded on our journey.
The next stop wqp at Kill Devil
Hid near Kitty Hawk. On this hill
to the Wriglt Memorial which was
thi/i hill that Wilbuip and Or
iVright experimented with their
before putting an engine in it,
the foot of the hill they made
their first successful flight
; A diet of our company climbed the
After- reaching Manteb, we went
to the Court House where we were
finished some of the partj^went bade
to Kitty Hawk to go In bathing,
? j t 1 ? i '?
, ? - I
X/&Bv wOlouy^ f wfl<? given Co g - tBtirej
KvUil (tppiVCloviVc SUQlvUvvi Xv Wviliu i
on on? trip to Manfceo.
I UDfluCO ufuD
n^e jjy|
Reduction of Ten Per
Cent Shown; Condition
"Thin And Oght"
North Carolina farmers mil har
vest 638,400,000 . pounds of tobacco
this season, a reduction of 10 per
cent compared to 1936, the July 1
crop, report released yesterday by the
State Department at Agriculture re
vealed. r
Basing' his Information or State
Federal reports, W. H. Rhodes, de
partment's chief statistician, said the ;
tobacco acreage in cultivation July 1
"is estimated at 684yMP seres which
is fix per cent less than that harvest- 1
ed last year, whife the indicated yield '
per acre at 849 ponnds is only 36 '
pounds below the 1987 average." '
Acreage yields per acre and pro
duction estimates by belts compared 1
to last year were reported es follows: ?
Old Belt (Type 11)--249,000 acres, 1
reduced 6 per cent, indicated yield 1
per acre 800 pounds, name as last 3
year, production 199,200,000, a five '
per cent decrease. 1
New Bright Belt (Type 12)~?0r *
000 acres compared to 330,000 last
year; indicated yield per acre, 876 1
pounds compared to 926 last year; <
production 271,250,000 or 11 per cent j
below last year. <
?tUnrt i Rimlmn Rplt /7vna 181?- I
66,000 acres compared with 78,000 1
last year; indicated yield per acre,!!
900 pound* compared to 986 last year, I <
production 19,400,000 pounds, a de
crease of 17 per cent from last year. M
Barley ? Tic Barley crop in the 3
mountain counties was estimated atjl
8,550,000 pounds compared with 8,-P
775,000 last year with an indicated '
yield of 760' pounds compared withM
776 in 1937. The 9,000 acree. re-H
?ported in cultivation is the same as H
the 1937 harfeAt. , |l
With the indicated production be- i
kg realised; Tar Heel fflwya will j ]
produce their fourtit largest tobae- N
?co crop. Last year's record crop to- .
taled 595,530,000 pounds. 1
?*?The development of the 1988 to
bacco crop has been subjected to i
variable weather conditions," Rhodes M
reported. "Plants got off to a slow h
start after planting; however, stands
are* generally good.' By Jane 1 much ,
?t toe OTP to the Itortem
and practically all k the Old Belt i
WM at a stage of development en
tirely dependent upon favorable
The almost continuous June\raks
reduce'd the prospective yield aver
age considerably and tobacco onUghtr
sandy land k low areas and fields P
was badly drowned and the growth P
ou^f these soils and to tfanding P
the month. These conditions were P
particularly true 1n many of the '
? ?CTCSToto Bright Belt J
counties indicate conditions in. this
the crop had more chance of recovery ?
after July 1." j
Rhodes said that "much of the
eastern counties' crop was being har- I
5Ww?3U? toe cto, to-cere
out thin and light" '
"Improved cultural practices aided 1
"Spotted^hwl j
TTflW tftiiwtr Qffifpfl La<] KftlftfllSw)
during .the World War?
r 5. How flag tlid'.v BetrandSncfll
riAiwrA O fliA I 1
7# Tg rhfliyfl any joy tbM
rvfnl'-vCfiiiS ..{~i
Wilson, July 18^-Esstern North
'Carolina tobacco market, definitely
will open on August 26, the data set
by the United States Tobaeeo Asso
ciation and protested by the Eastern
Carolina Warehousemen's Associa
tion, it was learned here today.
Efforts to persuade the tobaeeo as
sociation to alter its stand apparently
have fiiled and, although he would
not comment otherwise on the iftna
tion, J. J. Gibbons of Wilson, {tossi
mhted that the August 26 date ia now
fired. George L. Wainwright, execu
tive secretary of the sssodatioiifeon
finsed f , 3
It is understood that repre?dta
tives from the eastern markets wire
unable to secure any concessions from
the sales committee of the U. S. To
bacco Association oh the matter of
earlier dates. 1
Recently in Farmville representa
tives of the various warehouses in
Eastern Carolina met and attempted
to formulate a plan whereby they
might try to get an earlier opening
for their markets.-' Most of the ware
housemen in the section were dis
pleased at the dates set by the na
tional association.
Out of the Farmville meeting came
the plan to confer with J. B. Ficklen
if Greenville, president of the U. S.
Association and with the asotburs .
df the sales committee of the body
ind to talk over with them poaittfli
ties for another hearing before the
national; association sales committee
in the matter of dates.
It is understood, from authorita
tive source*, that this effort failed.
Earlier this year the Eastern Cfero
ina Warehouse Association met in .
(Cinston and passed a resolution for
warded to the U. & Tobacco Aauocia
tion asking the association not to set
foe tobacco opening dates for Eastern
Carolina later than two weaks After
foe border and South Carolina open
ings. The association in White Sul
phur Springs set the opening dates
in the Border and South Carolina for
August 4 and the opening dates here
for August 25.
The majority of the warehousemen
it the meetfatg in Farmville seemed
to feel that the opening here in these
sections should be on Augus? l&
% ?' ? ?? ? '
Town authorities were gratified to
receive a message this week announc
ng a FWA grant of $79,77400 to
Farmviile to be used for power, wa
ast and sewerage improvements here.
The announcement of a bond flec
tion on August 16, for issuance of
*99,000.00 in bonds to be used in W
function with the government grant
iriU be found in this issue.
The money will be used to service
the white and colored sections of the
provements as yet, and Which is
WHidtac the future health of cttfeens
iere. The purchase of an nd<fitional
engine for the power plant will also
be made possible by the grant if the
bond election is successful.
City Clerk B. A. Joyner'stated to
be given to citizens In ordegthat they
may attend ~ f. Iff -
> . ?? -??k
PB. lowm
dsutlsts O# IB#
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