I tfratms TW*NTY"NWE " NORTH CABOLTNA. FRIDAY. JULY K, IMS " _ NUMBEB TEN
VOLUME TWENTY-NINE ??.. ? > ? ? ' . -. j i -??
Hospital Association Appoints Miss
Jtyier it Pitt ltd LkiI Afett
Local Young Lady Made
District Manager of
Non - Profit Organiza
The Hospital Saving Association of
North Carolina, sponsors of the well
known "TWO CENTS A DAY
PLAN" for paying hospital bills, an
nounces the appointment of Miss Mae J
Joyner as Farm villa and Pitt County
representative, according to Felix A.
Griaette of Chapel Hill, Executive Di
meter of the Association. Miss Joy
ner is well-known in this city. The
Home Offices of the Hospital Saving
Association are located in Chapel
This non-prone orgsnuauuii ??
sponsored and controlled by the
North. Carolina Hospital Association
and the North Carolina Medical So
ciety. its sole object is to provide
an easy method of paying hospital
bills for its members if and when
hospital treatment is necessary.
Under the terms of the Associa
tion its members are entitled to 211
days of hospital treatment during
any one year in any hospital which
the member may choose. After the
first year of membership the bene
fits are increased to a maximum of I
SO days during any one year. The
benefits include bed and board, gen
eral nursing care and supervision,
operating room services, delivery
room services, anaesthesia, medicines,
dressings, and the various types of
laboratory services. The benefits are I
available in any North Carolina Hos
In other words, it has been pointed
out, the benefits cover the very
charges which often amount to hun
dreds of dollars and which constitute
a great financial burden for people!
of ordinary means.
A head of c. family may join the
Association with a family member
ship and be entitled to full benefits
for himself and wife and all their
children, irrespective of the number,
provided all such children are under
16 years of age.
niKeost of membership is 60 cents I
per month for a single or adult mera
1 bership and $1.60 per month for a
The Association, although organ- j
ised less than two years ago, has al-j
ready enrolled more than 65,000
North Carolina people as members
and new members are enrolling at
the approximate rate of 150 per day,
according to Felix A. Grisette of J
Chapel Hill, Executive Director.
Farmville people may obtain de
tailed information from Miss Joyner
at 300 Contentnea Street. Miss Joy
ner*s telephone number is 282-1.
I WHO KNOWS ?
?C - i ^?? -V
1. Does the U. S. produce lemons?
I ? Whore will the All-Star game
be played in 1939?
3. What nation leads in the pro
duction of Irish potatoes?
I ?4 What St^te was the first to
grant suffrage to women ?
5. Where are the Yellowstone
Falls? " -
6. Who write "Alice in Wonder
I 7. DO boys or girls lire longer in
I 8. m did the United States
I (See *The Answers" on Page 4)
I - ?
: - ? .. 'fl
I M. ti i iwijjs CwM- Jn]v *ifl ^ rpnhnrrn I
buyers moved into this section of the
4 4 4 ?r r.i *jx ..m* , , J
fceen fixed at 733,000,000 pounds of
In Camfiirt List
Show Most Automobiles,
Radios and Ice Boxes
In Survey By Govern
Washington, July 20.?The South-!
em farmer, government statistics
show, believes in providing his fam
ily with the comforts of life.
A "sampling" survey by the Bu-j
reau of Agricultural Economies I
shows that the visitor to a cotton I
belt farm home is likely to find an I
automobile parked in front of the I
house, a radio, piano or phonograph!
in the living room and a refrigerator I
in the pantry.
The survey, consisting of a check
of farm families in four Southern
states, has disclosed that family I
ownership of automobiles ranges
from 14.6 per cent among Negro 1
sharecroppers in Georgia and Miss
issippi to 70.7 per cent among white I
farm owners in North Carolina and
The figures show that in the Caro-1
linas, 707 out of 1,000 families of
white farm owners, 448 out of every
1,000 families of white sharecroppers,
and 365 out of every 1,000 fainiliefel
of Negro sharecroppers own auto
mobiles. The proportion is given as
425 out of 1,000 for Negro farm own
The survey has recorded the fol
lowing car ownership proportions pefr
4,000 families in Georgia and Miss
White farm owners, 622; white
sharecroppers, 196; Negro farm own
ers, 246; Negro sharecroppers 146.
In a check of radios in 7,127 farm
homes in the four states, the bureau
said the ownership percentage ranged
from a high of 40 per cent among
white farm owners of North and
South Carolina to a low of one-half
of one per cent among Georgia and.?
Mississippi Negro sharecroppers. ;?J
The proportion of piano ownership
ranged, it said, from 23 per cCnt
among North and South Carolina \
white farm owners to one pier clnt1
among Georgia and Mississippi Ne
gro sharecroppers, while the phono
graph maximum of 30.per cent among
-,.egro farm owners in the Carolines a
to 17 per emit among Georgia and
Mississippi sharecroppers. It indi
cated the phonograph was more pop
ular among Negro farmers than
The bureau reported 40 per cent of
1,944 families of white farm own
en In the Ctoolinas owned ice refrig
erators and 7.8 per cent mechanical
refrigerators. The corresponding ra-|
tio in Georgia and Mississippi was
44.7 per cent and 7.1 per cent of 1r 1
In the Carolinas, 20.3
630 white sharecroppers had ice re
frigerators and half of one per cent ?
mechanical refrigerators, while 17.3
per cost, of 433 Negro farm owners
and 7.6 per cent of 640 Negro share
croppers owned ice refrig&raftro. Tide '
Negro ownership of mechanical re?
frigerators in the Carolinas was re
Out of 1,267 families of white farm
owners?44.7 per cent ice, 7.1 per
cent mechanical; out of 481 iaadflell
>i v Jtlr i*f. i. t
of white sharecroppers, 22.7 per cent
| The Rqrsl Electrification Admin-1
F HniinTi n VI n ,1 i Kjvimilitrk ju.uiULwa I
It is expected the new funds will
Build about 15.7 miles of lii? IfcjServe |
The project calls for 101.7 mflee of j
r rural power line to serve 529 custom j
jraera in the two counties. Three al-l
Pn?ts .!ive been made for
[work, one of $60,000 in April, 1937J
(?;? ... 11 \ ,'t> . v
Total of $434,224 Is Met-j
W Out to N. C ToWM
u and Counties; Farm
vilte Receives $345.47.
Raleigh, July 19.?The State Board
at Aaaeaament distributed $434,224 to
counties and municipal itiea today as
their share of the new state in tangi
Payments ranged from $28,487.86
to Charlotte and $20,091.88 to Meck
lenburg- county, doWn to 44 cents to
Orrum in Robeson county.
The Board noted in its report the
law became effective July 1, 1937,
but ietbrns were not required until
March 15, 1938. As a result collec
tions in the first six months of last
fiscal year were only $140.19, while
they were $2,950 and $2,550 in the
first 10 days of Jnly this year.
The counties and cities get half
of the total collections after deduct
ing of administrative expenses, and
the state gets Half.
Some of the sums paid the coun
ties and municipalities in them: ;
^Beaufort" county, ~$22,242.17;AUrora
$12; Belhaven $113,72; Washington.
Craven county $1,718.12; Dover
$L84; New Bern $558.36; Vance bo ro,
Durham county, $7,664.21; Dur
ham city, $14,795.52.
Edgecombe, $8,237.41; Battleboro,
$24.60; Macclesfield^ $21.05; Pirietopa
$57.06; Rocky 'Mount, $1,621.59;
WM takers, $98.19.
Nash, $4,046.91; Bailey, $2.97; Mid
dlesex, $6.98; Nashville, $158.60;.
Spring Hdpe, $129.44.
Pitt County, $3,783.25; Ayden,
$200.25; Bethel $84.62; Parmville,
$345.47; Fountain $48.79; Greenville^
$1,197.52; Grifton, $81.77; Grimes
land, $6.91; Winterville, $24.89.
Robeson county, $3,421.37.
Vance county, $2,289.19; Hender^
son, $1,70&80; Middleburg, $2.
Wayne county, $4,269.82; Fremont,
$174.74; Goldaboro, $1,767.78; Mount
Dfive, $272.47; Pikeville, $7.12.
Wilson county, $4474.41; Black
Creek, $15.22; Zlm Cgty $106.52; Lu
cama, $32.87; Sims, $3.65; Stahtons
burg, $49191; City of Wilson, $1,
At High Pitcli
Tokyo, July 20. ? Tension between
Jsp?^ and Rossis oyer the disputed
Changkuf eng area on the Manchurian
border increased tonight as the for
eign office awaited a reply from Mos
cow ^o Hhe "Japanese protest over for
tification of a strategic Mil on the
border* #? u W V-5 ? '<
A general conference of high mili
tary leaders, to which the Japanese
prees dttached a "special meihing,"
was summoned by Gen. Seishiro It
ighld,' mfiftrter of tfar,' after he hhd;
made a report aarlier today to thei
The Domei (Japanese) news agen
then called in the foreign minister,
Gen. KaxusMge Ugaki, to discuss re
ports from the border.
Akhondi official Quarters main
tained 4 strict Jlence on details of
the vqiorts indicating merely that it
was believed an ^ "amicable settle'
significance of the dispute.
A report from Hsinking, capital of
Manchukuo, said the Manchukud for
eign office had ceased
with the Soviet consul-general at
a . a a * .>? ' J " ? ' .a _ ^ t% A
I - ; ? ? ?
JAPANESE EAIL AGAIN
. ? ? ' - . _ .
*Arfft" f Hf V PI " xic: - V-" 4Jk + ?
(Hugo S. Sims, Washington Corres
if.-;' pondunt.) ?
IS THE NATIONS NO. 1 ECO
NbillC PROBtEM RESULT OF
WAB AND NATIONAL POLICIES
Early this month, President Roose
velt expressed the conviction that
"the South presents right now the
nation's No. 1 economic problem" be
cause "we have an economic unbalance
in the nation as a whole due to this
very condition of the South."
? 551' - # fv
The President's statement was read
In a conference of twenty-three
Southerners by Lowell Mellett, Di
rector of the National Emergency
^Council, who submitted a report pre
pared from Government sources and
stressing the following facts:
The South is richly endowed with
physical resources and offers greater
diversity of climate, soil and topog
raphy than any other region of the
country. It is poor in the machinery
of converting its potentialities to
riches, having only sixteen per cent
of the tools with which people make
their Iiying, although containing
tvfcnty-eight per cent of the nation's
With less than one-third of the
nation's Area, the South contains well
over one-third of the natiph's good
fSrin acreage. It has two-thirds of
all lands receiving a 40-inch rainfall
or better. It has almost half of the
land on which crops can grow for six
months or more without danger of
frost. However, with ovef half the
country's farmers, the South had less
than one-fifth of the nation's farm
More than any other section, the
South is confronted with the problem
u^ excess population. Already the
most thickly populated rural area, its
population is growing more rapidly
than any other region. This increase
is expected to reach 7,000,000 in the
next twenty years. The . resulting
economic pressure has upset a racial'
Relationship which once appeared fix
ed. White people are displacing Ne
groes in such trades as barbering,
waiting on tables, tending elevators,
???< i. ?
With more than half of the farm
people, the South gets only one-fifth,
of the "nation's agricultural incBle.'
The average Southern farmer doe|w>t
make enough to feed, clothe and)
school his children decently. More
than half, in 1936, made less than
$766 and many had incomes as low
-*800- ~ I-:
Few of the jSouth's children Stifrt.
out on an equal footing with children
of other sections because they do|tt>t
have an equal opportunity to get
training itf public "schools. In 1936,
an average of $26.11 was spent, per
child on schools. This wad less than
half of the national average and one
fourth of the amount spent per child
in the State of New York; ,
' V i
President Roosevelt did not go in
to "the long history of how this sit
uation came to be" but he caDe<
"the long ironic history of theSfcr
Spoiling of this truly American sec
tion of the country's populstflKf
What the Chief Executive Bought %ls
a dear perspective of the task as it
is today. "The first step toward the
fitable to the entire population off&e
United dtSates to look into ccfiii
tions in the South and attempt toS*
about such a problem.
published at Boston, Mass., says, j&f
ter seventy-five yean, America i|ll
has a monumental example ofjne!
cost of war in the problems of Hike
Southern States ... To the w
may belong the spoils, but thessBm
mighty few in a long-sustained sto
gie, and to him eventually, in a con- j
F.'M. Davis, Jr., and D.
G. Allen of, the Davis
Supply Co., Report a
Most' Interesting trip.
Having recently returned from'St
Louis, Missouri, where they paid a
special visit to the Purina Mills, and
Farms/F. M. fcavis, Jr., and 'D. G.
?fsj"' S'1 is*
dealers in Punna feeds and seeds;
report a most interesting and enjoy
EsUblished In. 1926, the 360-*?
Purina Mills. Experimental Farm at
Gay Summit. Missouri is devoted to
grams for livestock nnd poultry. A*
nually, ten thounand farmers, ecienfj
Usts, county agents, uricufaral in
structore, agricultural students, and
feed merchants, from all over the;
United States, Canada, and several
foreign countries, come to, see this
farm. They^j$ a Prac&al ex
perimental 8tatk>nj managed by farm
reared, college-trained men. It has
come to be .parted as '<Amerh?ls
feeding headquarters"?a most exact
ing testing ground for determining
what shall be included in high quali
*m? J-! ronvlr fnl
?^g.f^The. cyde starts at the young I
calf unit devoted exclusively to the ?
hand-raising, i heifers, using an ??* |
system of dry feeding-with w raiUc|
being given the calves- after_ the Jjljfc I
28 days. The success of this, heifer ?
growing method is evident f rom riie ?
fact that the average Purina Bhnn|
Holstein heifer freshens *eighi^|
inore than 1200 pbunds at 24 to 26 ?
months of age, compared to the no^|
mal weight of 1120 i t pounds at 80 ?
months, and hCT firat j
Smd^W Increased 5,200 Founds j
When the heifer comes mto pwouc- ?
t!on she join, the herd ta U* mUk-|
llmt usit which i? m?teni)y W"PP?S
Ifor lmWlIn* 100 cows. FVwta* ?S
the coWs oeMs dOHW/fc*
lening and m>U|ii|8 .
^of'the* OMH l
I It was through following this pro
gram that the Purina herd of gtadel
l?periS? oa ? Cf?^???tC?and
Ipleted, the steers go to market and?
? stuffs are totted to determine whatj
Iprdto ^ Vork together most ef-1
?ffcfehtly in* the ration and jfcow ftfH
linosT profitable feeding 1
? mmr the marSeT is a regular occur- ?
I ling of every hog are definitely]
I animal 'btoi iitroWrea. ?
known* cacn ?**** _ Jn
r (fa Wnrhe ftxtreme'y &C"
I |CMW . CTO^S: Ti A no .i-ij fx1 fjini
^?r . ZJ l t?"a~ i ? ,-j 1
I inQwh: 'IMatjil wlvtiBa' 1 ?J
I rTOIu OUU tO IaIIUU b^UTKCyS Efv
I I t t .? - V ? % m -
I u , , . j
Lftaf Wilt Seen
' ? ?
uroup Meets at Oxford
Today to Make Recom
mendations on Crop.
a. Iff t
Oxford, Jilly 20. ? Tobacco re
search men from the various tobacco
growing sections in the world, in
cluding Canada, Australia, Wisconsin
and 'Virginia -to Florida, in a three
day session at the Oxford Tobacco
Experiment Station, spent today vis
iting various fields of tobacco where
diseases of the weed are prevalent
and where experiments are being con
ducted by the North Carolina and
United States Departments of Agri
' The visitors left Oxford this morn
ing at 8 o'clock near Creedmore where
wilt has ruined a great deal of the
weed Thy went to Raleigh and had
lunch at State College. This after
noon, they visited the McCuller's to
bacco station south of Raleigh and
saw several experiments which are
beihjg'cdiitfucted, concerning diseases
and the growth of the weed
Late this afternoon, the research
men went to Durham and visited
Du&e. University, then, they returned
to the Oxford Tobacco Experiment
I Station where they were guests at
Tomorrow, the visitors will meet
i at the Oxford High School auditorium
in an executive session and make
recommendations and express ideas
coJKerning *'the. making of fertiliser,
the control of tobacco insects and . the
control of tobacco diseases.
Lr.. .. iT 0')?i * i \
The Rockingham Comity farm ter
racing unit was used three days re
cently to grade the Williamsburg
school grounds and pull put stumps.
On Health Topic
Big, ?? ? ? ? I
Endorses Nation ? Wide
TPIbgram; Predicts Fin
- al Approval By Doc
WW' vT;!/*? ?, *? '? *: ? ? *1 h*. .' t IJ
' ' - , I
i^ashington, July 20. - Dr. Frank
Ppfjtr Graham, president of the Uni
versity of North Carolina, today en
dorsed public health assistance pre
sented by an interdepartmental gov
ernment committee to the National
health Conference, composed of lead
ers in varying lines of health activi
ties, which has been in session here
for the past three days. I
The program has been attacked J
bitterly by leaders of the American
Mcdic&l Association on the ground
that it approached "state medicine."
On the other hand, the program was
endowed warmly by all other speak-)
ers present at the conference, includ
tabptiuid farm leaden, business]
men and prominent individual doc
t9", ?iostxof whom are either medical
fwfessoifc or public health officials.
... Graham,, the only North Caro
linian present, was chosen as the final
speaker at the three-day cvnferenp#)
and his remarks were applauded
the American Medical Association, the
conference, with only 175 members,
^aarj^pcted.a large nupiber of 8pec-:|
[tators, something unusual for a meet
ping concerned with a technical sub
ject. .v'J '-hip? ,L.j. , ? ? ? ,i ?> j , J
.. In addition to a great broadening
of health insurance through the So
cial Security Act, the interdepart
mental committee recommended in-f
abased outlays of $852,000,000 an
nually, with half the cost borne by
the federal government for the; fol
lowing purposes: Strengthening of
public healtj^services, eradication of
tuberculoma, veneral diseases, malara, I
efani and $?000,0d0 for expansion
of mft&rnal and child health.
Pitt Sets Up 73-Ceni
Levy For New Year
/ ? ? J
Greenville, July 20. ? The tenta
tive !$ttl county budget, released this
afternoon by the auditor's office, re
veals tb$t a tax rate of 73 cents on
the '$100 valuation will be levied for
the current year, in comparison with
an 85 cents rate for last year.
Increased profits from the sale of
ABC liquor are expected to provide
revenue sufficient to eliminate amy
levy for the general, county home
and outside relief funds. Last year
five cents was levied for the general
fund, two and one-half cents for the
the coufity home fund and three cents
for the outside-poor and relief fund.
The 78 cent levy is divided as fol
lows: Health department, three cents;
pension, eight cents; school, seven
cents; bonds and interest, 55 cents.
.The 1938-39 levy, with the exception
of the three items eliminated this
year, is the same for each of the
items in last year's budget, except the
pension fund, which was reduced to
eight cents from nine and one-half.
The various county offices produce
a large amount of revenue, in one
instance more than enough to pay-fbr
their operation. These receipts and
the anticipated revenue of $37,967.50
from the sale of legal liquor will bear
the expenses of the general fund. ?> ?
General fund appropriations for
1988-39-were listed at $106,767.50,
compared with expenditures last year
of $100,756.26. New items included
were the Tar River project, $7,600;
and Conetoe creek project- $3,000.
1 The county wiU need $244,070 for
its debt service fund for paymentaon
bond principal and interest. Last
year it paid $249,870.76 on its bonded
The school funds calls for appro
priations of $67,511 for the current
fiscal year, compared with $54,309.34
laBt year. . - -
rv ? ? * ? m 1* i t 4 AAA' AA _ - ?? *-? *
utner items, listing i?ao-a? appro
priations and 1987-38 expenditures,
in the order named included: County
Home, (maintenance, repairs, etc.)
$9,830 and $9,891.69; Outside poor
and relief, (food, hospitalisation, etc.)
$11,683 and. $47.66; pension 'fund, "*
(salaries, pensions, general expense?
county's part of pensions only) $24,
566 and $26,092.61; and Health' de
partment (salaries and other expen
ses) $14,378 and $18,249.00.
The estimated total assessed valua
tion was placed at $38,000,000 and it
was on this figure that the ooontjr
commissioners worked out and 73
The budget was only tentatively
adopted-and will remain in the offices
of the auditor for 20 days before final
adoption. ? . -
The figures are. for the county as
a whole and do not include' special
district road and school debt service.
Five special road and bond debt ser
vice levies are made as follows: Ay
den, 10 cento; Chicod, 12; FiBda&d,
Fountain, 16; Fartnville .08; Green
ville .02; gnd Winterville 14
The school district debt service for
each of the 18 townships follows;'Ay
den, 45; Arthur, 20; Belvoir, 80;
Bethel, 26; Chicod, 40; Falkland, 16;
Farmville, 36; Fountain, 40; Green
ville, 45; Grifton, 10; Paetotas, ?'25;
Stokes, 25; and Wintervflle 26:
* ~:i ' V ? ' ' * "
At Wovie Trust'
New York, July 20. - The Federml
government today charged. 33 motion
picture companies and 13? movie ex
ecutives with controlling 65 per cent
of America's ihovie eniertainment jil
violation of the Sherman Mti-truit.' ? .
? ?" m?f?1.J0f<?TE?raf AP,0Wr ?
anoint United Stetee Attormy Gen
eral, F^enil Judge Hen^ W. God
* ^ i* d * the ,
flMKv irMWd sharply. ? rt
Eight conmM^jb .true named as