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- ?? I ????
' ;?' - - ^-"V. ., % ? ." . ? ' -?*T"? ~>-r*L?'' i .*! ' ""?-?*
Takes His Own Life;
' ? Nazis Say 'Duty Done*
?? ? ' " "1
Capt Hans Langsdorff
Shoots Self in Buenos
Aires in Grim Finis to
War's Biggest Sea Bat
tle; Intimates Declare
He Preferred Finish
Fight at Sea
Buenos Aires, Dee. 20.?Standing
on dry land miles away from his
charred battle station on the scuttled
German raider Admiral Graf Spee,
Capt Hans Langsdorff took the way
of hib ship yesterday?suicide.
' He put a revolver to his right
temple and killed himself in a little
room at the Hotel de Immigrantes,
and by so doing kept a tardy rendez
vous with the code of the sea that
says a captain and his ship must per
Disappointed by Order.
His death came two days after he
* ? ??? /t m e% A. ww !
nao run toe orai opee out u mi?
tevido harbor and blown her to bits
rather than suffer internment by
Uruguayan authorities. Friends said
he would have preferred to have risk
ed battle with British warships out
side Montevideo, bet his orders came
from Adolf Hitler personally
Langsdorff obeyed without question.
He left a letter addressed to the
German ambassador, until it is
made public the precise motive for
the suicide will remain uncertain. But
those who knew him best are confi
dent that the letter will indicate that
he complied with the code of the sea.
In the lerier, according to rumors
circulating in Buenos Aires, Langs
dorff expressed strong disagreement
with Hitler for the Fuehrer's refusal
to permit the Graf Spee to fight its
way through the British cordon. The
rumors, however, could not be con
firmed inasmuch as the contents of
the letter were closely guarded.
Langsdorff also was reported au
thoritatively to have left two other
letters, one for his wife and the
other for his parents in Germany.
The letters were in possession of
the embassy which intends to trans
mit them to the Reich unopened. It
was also said the embassy would not
reveal the contents of LangsdorfTs
letter to Ambassador Baron Edmund
von Therm ann beyond the disclosure
that it was written.
It was Langsdorffis own grim sec
ret, for he has been amiable and smil
ing ever since he and a thousand
members of his crew were brought
here to be interned. He did every
thing possible to assure the comfort
and safety of the young Germans un
der his command and he seemed so
calm that no one guessed that fee Had
made the decision that would num-1
ber his life in hours.
He asked for a farewell word with
his men, it was revealed yesterday,
and they formed a hollow square
around him on the grounds of the
Hotel de Immigrantes. What he said
to them is known only to members of
the crew, but apparently they thought
it was merely a little "till we meet
again" speech, for the German sailors
laughed at first reports that their
captain had taken his life. It took
some time to eosrnte aven
after the German embassy issued this
"The commander of the glorious
cruiser Graf Spee, Captain Langs
dorff, sacrificed his life last night
for the Fatherland by his life
voluntarily. According to the letter
he wrote to the German Ambassador,
he derided from the first momeat to
share the fate of his beautiful vesseL
"Only by powerful self-resistance
and considering the responsibility
which fe& on him for the safe dis
embarkation of his crew, composed of
man than 1,000 juuag men, was he
able to postpone carrying out Ms d?>
dafon until he had complied with Ms
<h*yaad reported completely to Us
This ?hainn was completed last
ngfct The destiny of a brave sailor
rVnn of T .awiivi/1 aw)no P L..,1
the fceriv tfcia iitjMHtiLjj -nn,... a.
Buenos Aires ? Captain Hans
Langsdorff of destroyed German
pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee
commits suicide. Funeral held Thurs
London ? French - British naval
leaders map secret strategy against
German air attacks en fishing boats.
Helsinki ? Russians drive bard
against Finns on Karelian Isthmus;
bomb many Finnish cities from air.
Bucharest ? Germany wins agree
ment doubling Rumanian oil ship
ments to Reich.
Berlin ? Nazi government pre
pares to protest Argentine intern
ment of Graf Spee officers and crew.
New York ? Crew of scuttled
German liner Columbus brought to
port by U. S. Cruiser Tuscaloosa.
Mr. and Mrs. Jessie Gay and Mrs. I
W. E. were Wilson visitors on
Among the College students who
are spending the Christmas holidays
at their respective homes are Ruby
Marlowe of Meredith, Allene Bailey I
and Elisabeth Parker of E. C. T. C.,|
TTowni Mcteel of A. C. C., Harold
Bailey, Ed Taylor, Jr., Benton Tay
lor, Cameron West, J. B. Hinson, Jr.,
of Chapel Hill; James Albert Red
dick, Warner Burch, and Marshall
Hinson of N. C. State, and Cecil Lang
of Duke University. j
Mr. and Mrs. Albert West of Semi
nole, Oklahoma, are spending some
time with their parents, Mr. and Mrs.
Ray West, Sr.
Mrs. W. A. Marlowe and Miss Lil
lian Corbett were Raleigh visitors on
Mrs. W. V. Reddick, James Albert
Reddick, Juantta Reddick, Emogene
Roddick and Harold Bailey were Wil
son visitors Monday.
Mr. and Mrs. Paul Craft were
Farmville visitors Monday. |
Mrs. C. T. Hicks, Mrs. Estellei
Bailey, Mrs. Jason Shirley and Mrs.
Lee Jones were Farmville visitors on J
Mis. C. T. Beaman and Mrs. W.
p. v-ilin of Wilson, visited friends in
Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Wheeler and
Mr. and Mrs. C. T. Beaman visited f
Mr. and Mrs. L. P. Wheeler in Wash
ington Friday. |
Mrs. Jack Allen, Mrs. Mary Rus-|
sell and Mrs. Jim Bundy of Farm
ville attended the funeral of May
nard Shackleford Monday. I
Mr. W. L Bennett of Edward and
Mr. a a Ware of Wilson, were din
ner gueet of Mr. and Mrs. J. C.J
Gardner Sunday. 1
Mr. and Mrs. Bryant Wheeler an
nounce the birth of a daughter on
December 19 at the Woodard-Herring
Hospital in Wilson.
Funeral Services for Maynard
Shackleford, 85, who died at his home
Sunday at one o'clock after a long
mness were held at the residence on
Monday afternoon at 3 o'clock. J
Bev. a B. Mashburn, pastor j>f|
the Christian Church of FtamvDle,l
by Bev. Edgar Soper, Pastor j
of the local Methodist Church, con-|
ducting the services and interment]
was made in. the Waltaonburg eeme-l
He is survived by his mother, Mrs. !
W. L Shaddeford, one brother,]
Richard Shackleford of
two sister., Mrs. W. P. Ellls^afWiL]
son, and Mrs. Floyd Sutton of Fam- :
ville. ?. :
AiUtf iM ? -
Vsfi Wtft jr., Ww ? 1
v* u*-- 1
t - - ? ? ? ? fc. I I ? n " 'I
HMOO.FQ?M^TO ni I
Fierce Fighting Occurs
Along Karelian Isth
mus as Finns Resist
yf -jV"' '
? Helsinki, Dee. 20.?Fierce fighting
surged across the Karelian Isthmus in
sub-zero temperatures today as
Russians loosed hundreds of tanks in
savage drives and directed 200 Red
air force planes in widespread bomb#
ing attacks on tire rest of Finland.
The roar of artillery could be heard
from one side of the 56-mile-wide
Isthmus to the other.
Finnish aviation rose to meet Redj
army aviators in fierce dog-fights
and battled in the WinterTsky.
Red Armies Stalled '-.VV,
The Russian drive was stalled in
tire far north by blizzards and tem
peratures 26 degrees below zero. The
Finns said they had withdrawn to
Kornettijjarvi, but mentioned noj
A little farther south, just aoove
the Arctic Circle, Finnish forces
were reported in an official commu
nique to have stopped a Soviet thrust
to cot tiie country in two and to be
advancing toward Sail a, capturing
"much booty" en route, including 3
tanks, 80 army trucks, numerous ma-1
chine guns and considerable ammuni
While battles raged along Fin
land's eastern and southeastern fron
tiers, the nation moved to strengthen
its defenses by calling to the colon
all able-bodied men 40 yean of age.
All reservists under 40 already hadj
(The call adds an estimated 15,000
men to the Finnish army, estimated
by authoritative sources at 400,000 at
tite start of the war. Estimates have
pot the Russian forces attacking Fin
land as high as 1,500,000).
Report XI Casualties. ; I
For the second successive day air
raid alarms sounded in many Finnish
cities, including Helsinki, _ Turku
(Abo), Romma, Porvoo, Salo, Kasel
ka, Vartsila, Laakria, Sortavala and
A morning alarm in the capital
lasted 11 minutes. Another tonight
continued for more than 40 minutes.
Sixteen casualties were reported
at Laskela and if at Janisjoki.
The Finns reported a Russian air
attack on the xisQroad at Kosjka, 60
miles north of Hanko on the south
coast, had failed. Workmen at one
Koska factory fled to the woods
when Russian bombers appeared ov
On the Isthmus frost, the Finnish
communique indicated the Russians
were following tactics employed yes
terday when they loosed hundreds of
tanks of all sizes.
The Finnish communique said the
Red troops were beaten back after
a amies of savage assaults which had
prolonged artillery preparation, but
that the attacks were continuing.
The communique indicated the
heaviest fighting on this front was
between Kaukjarvi and Muolajarvi,
although strong Russian forces were
reported attacking simultaneously at
other points along the line.
The Finns said the positions re-:
mained unchanged, and asserted that
the Russians had lost "heavily in men
Suffering Woj?Cll ... ' j
I ^ i - _ ' V ' ^ ^ " *: ' ^ ?'.? * **^1
: A method is saving many
?mum much pal" and discomfort 1
: If: is based on the knowledge that
women'a headaches, nervousness,
and cramp-like pain often are- symp
toms of functional" dysmenorrhea
due to a imfe run-down, under
' nourished condition. That no many
f ? llLlfJuf f?1\ . , iii 'mfli
^ women una reiiei irom tnese pain
ful aymptoma through the CABDUI
* "build-ujP is easy to explain. By
^improving the appetite^ -assisting
Hitler Retires to Mouit
pdn Retreat with
if Thoughts ?iat Serious
A pre - Christm&s week studded
with disaster for Nasi Germany, and
with ominous portent for her out
lawed partner, Sovfet Russia, throws
its heavy shadow over the man upon
whom the tragic events turn as a
pivot. Fuehrer Adolf Hitler.
He has gone, ' Berlin reports, to
take his Yuletide holiday at his
mountain-top retreat, Berchtesgaden.
Yet thfrjmrharigeahle events of the
wsek on the sea fron$$ftRI keep him
grim company in his holiday-making-.
By his order, a hundred thousand
tons or more of Gorman shipping, in
cluding- the powerful pocket battle
ship Admiral Graf Spee and the Nasi
luxury liner Columbus, once the boast
of the German merchant marine, have
bom scuttled by German nanas to
save than from enemy seizure or the
rusting idleness of internment in neu
tral ports. To cap that, comes word
that Captain Langsdorff of the Spiee
has ended his own life in Buenos
Aires, as he ended that of his ship
by Hitler's command.
Turn of Tide?
The tide sterns to have turned
heavily against Germany. Nazi raid
ers like the Spee? Nazi submarines,
Nazi mines and Nazi aircraft have
for 16 weeks taken heavy toll of Fran
co-British and neutral shipping; yet
London "reports British import and
export totals rising. From France
comes an official recapitulation that
half a hundred Nazi U-boats have
been sunk in. the war. British sub
marines report they have scored
heavily against Nazi surface craft
i D Finland, Germany's doubtful
"friend", Soviet Russia, is meeting
bitter resistance from her midget
foe. World opinion has branded
Russia an outlaw for that incursion,
spawned of the German-French
British conflict. The ponderous ma
chinery of Franco-British power is
moving to give such aid and succor
as is possible to doughty Finland,
1. Only once since 1866; in 1888..
2. Thurmond W. Arnold, assistant
attorney general . J': . r''
8. No; the Indian population is in
4. Field Marshal August von Mac
6. In 1906.
6. Theodore Roosevelt, at 42.
7. In 1988. / ; '
8. Norman H. Davis.
9. Seven. $ff
10. In 1937; 46 per cent in value;
97 per cent in volume.
-MAKE GLAD WITH
Messages of good will are being
flashed and written, the grand old
carols are being sung?the great uni
verse jubilates, and as the genial
warmth of this joy is suffused 1m
the hearts of the people may they m
moved at this season, above all others,
to make., glad with Christmas joy,
the hearts of those whom God has
plaeed along their way.
Trade at home is a good motto for
every individual to adopt
This national debt problem has the
checker players all over the country
' * *??i5V -
I I t l ||?> ? ?|| U'l M ? ? |> j li > > t ?
I CHRISTMAS I
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I A MERRY CHRISTMAS
' ' ' " 1
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? * " 1
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pa^lotlve ^ giant size i
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' :;?* 5 ?: v . - ,? A
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