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" ??????? >>umuji put tiMum. sm CAROLINA. fVSAT, JANUARY i IW NUMBER THIRTY-F}
volume THurr ^Ma~1T: ffJ?.. - :> <?. ** ? :?:. Bra:-. ;Hj
And New Tax to Finance
Defence Made By President
. i -
Says U. S. May Lead To
Peace; Declares, How
ever, That Tikis Coun
try Must Be Prepared
To Take Care of Itself
If like World Can Not
Attain Peace; Suggests
Washington, Jan. 3. ?? President
Roosevelt coupled an emphatic plea
for national unity in the fact of war
born disintegration abroad today with
a recommendation that Congress vote
new taxes to finance "emergency
spending" for a "common sense" na
But, he said in his aaanal message,
"the permanent security of America
in* the present crisis does not lie in
armed force alone." He continued:
"What we face is a set of world
wide forces of diniitagnstiun?vici
ous, ruthless, destructive of all the
moral, religious and political stand
ards which mankind, after centuries
of struggle, has come to cherish."
Washington, Jan. 1 ? Here in
brief is the program recommended
to congress by President Boose
1?Additional taxes to finance
"emergency expenditures for na
2?Extension of the reciprocal
trade agreement act as an 'in
dispensable part of the founda
tion of any stable and desirable
3?Increased appropriations for
national defense, bat redactions
in practically all other Important
items of the federal budget.
4?Can tinned search for a so
lution of the unemployment
5?Development of a spirit of
national unity in Congress and
out. 1 ?
To this he added that "national
unity is in a very real and deep
sense the fundamental safeguard of
Personally delivering his annual
message before a joint session of the
House and Senate, the chief execu
tive called for extension of the reci
procal trade treaty program?al
ready under fire from Republicans
and some Democrats?"as an indes
pensible part of the foundation of
any stable and desirable peace".
He disclosed that his budget mes
sage to be submitted to the new
session of Congress tomorrow would
call for reductions in "practically
all other important items" except
He asked for special taxes to meet
that extra cost "in the hope that
we can continue in these days of in
creasing economic prosperity to re
duce the federal deficit."
And he declared that an answer
must be found "in terms of work
and opportunity" for the unemploy
ment problem because "we have not
yet found a way to employ the sur
plus of our labor which the effi
ciency of our industrial processes
? To Receive Bids On
I Road Project In Pitt
? ^ft^^inetodad as following:
I Johnston and Wilson counties,
I STirfarfwg 10.62 miles of route 42;
? ~ - _ ; ^T w ?
Highly Esteemed Citi
zen Laid To Rest Fol
lowing Services At the
Abraas A. Joynar, 76, one of
oldest and * highly esteemed citizen
of Farmville, succumbed to a brief
illness Sunday afternoon at 3:4$
Funeral set vices ^eea conducted
from his lata home here on Monday
at three o'clock by Bee. E. CL Salter,
pastor of the Bell Arthur Methodist
Church, of which he bad been a mem
ber since early manhood, gad by Bar.
R. A. Clarke, of the Farmvflk Metho
dist Church. Tntwmenl eras mads bt*
neath a large and hemdsoafe floral
tnoute. rseonts nymns ware .wr
dered by Mrs. M. V. Josms, Mrs. C.
N. Bostic, Xra A. W. Bohbitt, Elbert
C. and John D. Holmes.
Mr. Joyner was the son of the lata
Abram and Mrs. Allie Wilkes Joy
| ner, and the last member of his im
mediate family. A native ft Pitt
? county and a well known pfctatar of
this section, he retired from active
fanning operations and moved to
' Farmville 12 years ago. AffiaWe and
genial, Mr. Joyner had a large circle
of friends. He was a member of the
Surviving are his widow, Mrs. Anna
Forbes Joyi.er, three daughters, Mrs.
Arnold F. Lee, of Colnmhia, S. C*
Mrs. L. L. Mewborn, of Grifton, and
Miss Bertha Rae Joyner; three sank
Arthur F., Elbert A, and Leonard L.
Joyner, and six grandchildren.
Active pallbearers were; W. E., C.
Hubert, and Joe Joyner, Joseph, Al
fred and Vernon Forbes.
Honorary; William Forbes, J. W.,
Dr. C. R. A., and Lyman Joyner,
Bert Watkins, cf Washington, D. C.,
Bob Willoughby, John Sing, F. G.,
Haywood, Loyd, B. and Jade
Smith, C. A. Tyson, C. L. Beaman,
W. D . fields, J. H. Harris, Dr. D. S.
Morrill, Dr. W. M. Willis, J. L Baker,
W. Gurganus, R. T. NorviHe, G. W.
Davis, J. H. Moore, M. Liles, T. C.
Turnage, John Wilkerson, J. T.
Thorne, S. A. Roebuck, E. C. Carr,
Garry Bergeron, F. G. Copeland, C.
H. Edwards, of Greenville, Lath Mor
riss, Edison Moore, Lawrence White,
?Oscar Lb Erwin, George Burnetfce, M.
P. McConnell, R. E. Belcher, M. V.
Jones, R. T. Martin, J. H. Payior, M.
V. Horton, W. C. Woo ten, S. A. Gar
ris, R. N. Freeman, John and C. L?
Barrett, Dr. P. E. Jones, B. 0. 00tr
ior, D. F. Lang, R. R. Newton, Arthur
Gay, T. M. Dail, J. M. Stansffl, Dr. J.
P. Butler, Dick Garrison, of Green
[ ville, Jim Cash, Thad Nichols, H. W.
Kemp, Watt Parker, W. J. Rasberry,
and R. LeRoy Rollins.
?. ^ _ ?r
Tifiow or ZD6 crop control pofB0%
portioned among- farmers on the ba-I
_;l -m _ ? ? ? ?- ? t_ H , ^ 1
sis ox a formula ptwiaeu m toe farm
ldoeed oo bis scwsge sIktoBit Seles
m excess of tl*^
I ? I
I ___ __;
1 i |
WMhimitoPy Jmi* ^""^Sccrstftry pf
cratic nomination >:?. "? >:l.;^|J
The 68rjw-oid Cabinet member,
who is about to start the fight of his
lift for Us reciprocal trade program,
took thia stand on the Presidential
DlMflQAT) k.11 a TWIftM Uju
^|VWWiVU WW M ? ??*' ?|
a short time later an aide zeiih
w??* the stead by declaring that
Wnii ?es iwt of politicfl ?wd wanted
no politics intermingled in State De
H?tw?w? aome members of Con
gress felt that the Bull name would
continue to bulk large in the great
fliissahtg game about the best Demo
cratic nominee. Chairman Bloom)
<R-N. Y.>, of tha House foreign af
fairs committee took the view that
tha Hull italTtrmnt did imt elixni
- w 1 ? w s t *1 " * ? 1 ,,p.
nate the Secretary from the poa
of gsing to the White House.
-If a one of the best statements
Pve evsr heard of by a prospective
candidate," said Bloom. "It shows
thft if ha received tha nomination
and waa elected that he would make
tha ***** kind of President."
At a press conference Preaide||lt
Roosevelt spoofed the authors of
news dispatches saying Hull was the
Roosevelt choice, the President said
the (timitrhoi wtre written In 1939,
and he hoped the authors had turn
ed over a new leaf for 1940. That
ought to hold somebody, he addttftl
with a laugh.
For ?January Duly
Lists Revealed For Civic
and Criminal Sessions
Greenville,,Jan. 3.?Lists of jurors
| to serve ait the civil and criminal
| terms of Pitt Sojmrior court begin*
1 ning January lb and January 22, re
spectively, have bean drawn and re
Thirty-nix jurors were drawn to
| serve during the civil session, while
58 were drawn for the criminal term.
: A new grand jury will be eboaen from
the names drawn for crbpoinaP court
duty. Judge Walter J. Bone of
Nashville will preside over the
spring term, beginning with the
January 15 session.
. Following is the list of jurors
drawn to serve daring the civil term
beginning January 16:
W. A. Weathington, WinterviHe
township; B. L. Spivey, Farmvilje;
Hade Allan, Ayden; John 6. CoU
ville, Greenville; L. J. Smith, Green
ville; ?."W. Majette, Chiood; Mack
Harrington, Ayden; Haywood Bod
gers, Behroir; H. C. Outland, Faim
ville; H. J. Brown, Swift Creek;
A. Hunter Cox, Ayden; A. C. Fletch
er, Falkland; Joah T. Dixon, Farm
nan, Greenville; Jessie Severs, Chi
cod; Scott Bade, Chicod; Walter
Lewis, fountain; Baymond A. Cox,
Ayden; W; Adam Cerbett* Falkland;
J. W. James, Psctolus; L Ai Joyner,
dark, "Swift Greek; W. C. Wootgp,
Carolina; H. L. Carr, Greenville;
Clifton Bullock, GreenviBe; B. C.
Carr, Fsrmville; E. A. ftnith, Ay
EqMetaUy do I wish to .art the
tot* of Ewmville, which ttwogh Mr.
M-S5S. ? * WSw??#i
DPDTTttV TP A IS ? VnttlliTPQ I
~7~11C Cw* ? mm 3-1
maW TAaaS FUK vvAW***k'M* I
I ? FIGHT HULL PROGRAMi j ^ tl
NOBBIS PLANS TO BETIBE.
third tans, than is general iaaatunp-j
i*At% i. ?,,iifi.,I i? a?_-a v jj. f
uon m ponucai circles mat ne Goes j
not wfrh to ran again. ? Although
thia iaformattai it regarded aa defi
ocrats that it la an irrevocable dec:- i
?? ."I I
The belief pexsista that the inter
national aHliaUon and A popular^de
mand at homo may persuade^|She
president to accept a lenomination. II
Inthis case, there is little doubt bat
that the President trill be nominated j
by the Democratic Convention. With !
the President out of the running, how-1
ever, Secretary of State Corddl Hull
is certain to be a strong candidate,
with Vice-President Garner and Post
nuuster-Generai Farley also active. In
ad^tioi^ then wffl be a number ofrjl
? " ? ' j
The scramble which will develop
in the Democratic Convention in the
event that Mr. Roosevelt removes
himself from the Qcene, will be match*]
ed by(a similar scramble in the Re
publican Convention. Just now, Dis
trict Attorney Thomas B. Dewey,
Senator Arthur H. Vandenburg, of
Jfidtigap, and Senator Robert A.
Taft of Ohio, are the leading candi
dates, but the general expectation is
that the first ballot will show a num
ber of candidates receiving the votes.
Former President Hoover, it is ex
pected, will receive some support and
?a-number of favorite sons will be
presented to the Convention.
Just When the Convention will be
held not known at this time, but
meetings of the national committee,
early b \9% will consider the times
and places for the Convention.
I News that the President has vir
tually completed his preliminary
study of the budget for the fiscal .
year running from July lBt, 1940 to ,
June 30, 1941, caUs forth many ru
mora of draitir changes to ba re- 1
quested by the President. There is
no way to tell how much truth the
rumors contain, but it is expsctod
that the Chief Executive will 1st Con-- -
gress decide whether to cut expend-.
tures., continue heavy borrowing, or
levy the taxes necessary to improve ,
the Government's financial affairs.
Space In this eplwnn does not per- ,
mit us to ssmteaiise the Tumors or :
to explain the reaaHH' SSiigned. With >
the present statutory debt lintft at
an* the debt at about
442^00,000,000, with aix months to ,
go in the current fiscal year, it will
be necessary for Congress to provide
new borrowing power if the budget
for tfcf 'next fiscal year contemplates \
a deficit of more than |2,000,000,000.
for Ttfff tow to
TI.W " V-x*'," - 7' ?? v"vvJrVr.c*^7'-.: ,
or Tanous (Mpftrnnciiis is certain. ..
The recent Insistence of Secretary
Peder^ t^OTry^^dT timt jT
?Wmii fl.rtjr infflnftnW -f.n^,,QItt rl
f ~ ? "-?? ? ' zx_: |
nllnhyiAnfi niiilflT ft* -a mtlAtiltrMl
by E. Y. Floyd, AAA ex:ecntive offi
coming - productK?H"ye?3r. - and to, pre
p^1"1 ^ ton"et <*es
3$fhe national acreage- allotment la '
749,660 acre*, expected^ jtold'668r 1
Commenting on the -1940 quote? J
and allotments, the AAA affker said: ]
"ThelWO crop is now estimated
to be more than 1,000,000,000 pounds,
which is moje than 100 million
pounds Uxq# Vlhen the estimated ,
size of the crop when the national
marketing qppt? was proclaimed in
^ ? -? l-mV n m lift Lt.
beptemoer. TVitn worm consumption
between 750 million and 800 million,
pounds, the suxpiua Irmn the '1939
If normal ootttittons prevailf it is
expected that between ono-1hird and
one-half of this surplus win be dt
mated in 1940.
"In view of the large surplus of
flue-cured tobacco, it will be to the I
advantage of growers If
their planting 1940 are kept we*:
wifttt or own ? Uta. below their
aerugo oUo&oeote." J
' ^ ^ , ??!? ?:> ?; " .
Wwhl^ftTIlTlM Old An i
. ? ? ? rr* ?.. TTwy
Security plan, rated as the wid'a
largest insurance system 9 vwent into ?
TTwpWJIftr ]? JM* .J I" v A" ? ? ? - TyfT- r"^S 4
ippar. P '
covered by the syatexxx'Tio ^rT65 1
or older may beein dr&winit the first ,
* p P -1
monthly benefit* of a vast project j
b^in to 1
and rhnrkU? 4am. ?> retired '
insurance pay-off for wliich tko
shewed an increase o/ $l,118,576w36
At the halfway mark last yen; ,1
collections wen running $14,641,- J
'-?jS:?*.y^ u.* ? :vj*f/ffyw ffw Tyffcirttf of
The citizens of-Bell Arthur and
? - . ? - 1.,,. .. ,, ? | mii |. m(i an III ?! fii II
& oaroecuft luncheon to representative
business groups of Fvm*m* ud
greeinville where Bomatofchundred
gathered, enjoyed a boanarul^jnMMl^
' -1.1 f.,|. ? 1..1 t. I. J i-il-j'
renewed old mendsaips and joined
wholeheartedly fa the *$ole purpose
of obtaining anew link in the State
varwpxwp ? ? - - -
and National highway system,; con
necting Farmville and Greenville with
anWmvted and far shorte* route
^ Bell Arthur,Sieving a tisteace of
approximately five milea between the
For more than two' 'FMW
* - -- '-1.^ J'? V m ? '_r. .' *???. _.'-WiT - 'I .
interested citizens of tra section have
been talking'this project, hot from
this gathering a united front will be
presented with the hope tluit some
immediate action will be taken by the
State Highway Commission to not
only greatly improve this section of
its system of Midways,
use prqviat 'txnis ncn agricultural
immunity with a paved outlet badly
seeded, and vphidi ft deserve
after extending a cordial welcome to
invjted guests, called on Col. Ed. G.
Flanagan, of Greenville, to act m
Col. Flanagan, after extending the
people, of Bell A rthur and 'eoiftm^^
for such a delightful meal and the
forward step taken by them for this
ppw highway called o^many of those
present for opinions and short talks.
Without a dis^a^r voice this
sagrd as favortog this proposed
If there is any cqupty in the State
that deserves consideration at the
landl of the State Highway Qom
?" Jv ? ftr" -t. <*'' ' .
nisaion it is Pitt, and we hope the
sfforto pijt forth at this meeting will
irinsf the desired results. ;**.*% . I
1^ I 1.1 S? -A m .-IgJL ??
nan sources iet it be known jonignt
that the Reich is keeping a cloig ieye
J-1"* ?, "T^?
impression ?* (taiy
night actively support Soviet Eussia
^Stl' L >2?-k'. n ^ irtf ??' ~" * ~. ;? li
atedthat Germany might go vig<^
[pfee N?dfl ww^'tfe stand on ; the
MiXM a# f*r ** th^ ftj^^nn
feey-yo be^niS to
mapect that the W*tern Alhe?w*ofc
mm kin* of help she gave toj^jnd,
to the western war, D, N.^ .^
ar % briefWtteow
He^oJaa^ BaMrylr^fl admitted tftflU
\ ' /,v'. <,<w~ j
hliA <v? * minldiMf .' tj [
^elainki, Jan. ^3.?Finnish military
division north of Sucanusalmi. have
dWveb TT.^i' M.
days, reinforced Russian troopf ware
said to hove abandoned their ??
said the EntifittiSj angered hy spa*
Tonight's military communique
ftti^nnnf?<d that the Finnish troops,
en. i^m ?f tw lake Kottf fad
eiMii aamAM' d a >ai ^ a M d _.
me drmng upon the frontier town
There is a Lake Kokko about 20
miles across the Russian tariff*
northeast of Kiantajaervi, but mili
tary leaders explained that the
Finns ma notyet en Ruaian soil
in the Suomusalmi sector.
In the vicinity of Raate in tha
Suomusalmi sector, tile communique ??'
said, five Russian tanks and two
armored can were destroyed in
i Along tne Aitto ttiver (Aitcojoia;,
Iwfaere last night's communique re
ported the capture of a Russian
army base, the defeat of a Red
ramy company was described.
?(^Several counter-attacks by the
Soviets, who were strengthened fay
mArhiTpit guns, were said to
been repulsed in the Aittojoki battle.
On the KtwHitn Isthmus, the
Finns claimed to hifeethrown bade ;,
two powerful Russian infantry at
tacks Tuesday along the Awfode;
river, outlet for Lake Suvanto '"jp?
the side of the isthmus
by a monrfng4ong artillery faem
bardment ? against tW* JWy Mam i$
neriuim Line, is was widjand after, I
of the isthmus. The Hatjananlahta
attach alio was throu^>ad2^B
Finns ' -
war.thus far, said the Red army lia??i J?
digging in on the fl"jbs|iMi Isthmhpt- '? ;?}.
after the Finns broke up another
imn been shot kwhWtliat about ? j
40 Russian tanks have been destroyed ,
and daptured on all
I 0n the? Karelian Isthmus. ate*fe-; -
it waa stot^ - Bumlahs twed , -
war in addition to other large motor
ft M * ' \ ' AV V'V '
observers believed to be Irtish or
po nave jocuute a fltxK^pjC- ^tfwiiOit. wOoBiy'' --
> ' -?. :*?*?..' "i" t. * ? "fwi