North Carolina Newspapers

    President Truman Announced Japan's
Surrender On Tuesday, August 14tfe
Chooses General MacArthur S. A. C.
Pearl Harbor Is Avenged
and Peace Restored
To World; V-J Day Not
To Be Proclaimed Until
After Surrender; Truman
Orders Two-Day
Holiday For Federal
Workers; Orders Sent
to Tokyo to Prepare for
Surrender As Firing
Washington, Aug-. 15.—Peace came
to the world Tuesday^ night ■ when
President Truman announced that
Japan had accepted unconditional surrender
and that Allied forces had been
ordered to cease firing.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur, "The
Man Who Came Back," was named
Supreme Allied Commander to receive
the formal Japanese surrender.'
World War II—the bloodiest conflict
in all of human history—was at
an end, except for the formality of
signing surrender documents.
V-J Day will not be proclaimed until
after the instruments >f surrender
are signed.
The three Allies in the Pacific War
—Great Britain, Russia and China—
will be represented at the signing by
high ranking officers.
Truman Proclamation.
Mr. Truman proclaimed the glad
tidings at 7 a. m., (EWT), shortly
after he received Tokyo's formal reply
to the Allied surrender terms.
Summoning reporters to his office,
he read a statement which said: I
"I deem this reply a full acceptance
of the Potsdam Declaration
which specified the unconditional surrender
of Japan.
"In the reply there is no qualifications."
Tokyo informed Mr. Truman that
Emperor Hirohito i*~ prepared "to
authorize and ensure the signature
by the Japanese government and
the Imperial General headquarters
the necessary terms for carrying out
the provisions of the Potsdam Declaration."
His Majesty also is prepared to
issue his commands to all the military,
naval and air authorities of Japan
and all the forces under their control
wherever located to cea4e active operations,
to surrender arms and to issue
such ether orders as may be required
by the Supreme Commander of the
Allied forces of the execution of the
above mentioned terms."
Thus was the "infamy"-of Peart
Harbor avenged fully three years,
eight months and seven days after
Japanese planes struck a nearlymortal
blow against the Ufcited
States without warning..
Pays Penalty."
Japan had paid the full penalty for
the treachery that plunged the United
States into a two-front war—the costliest
in all history.
The terms of Mood and treasure,
the great conflict has cost the United
States mor. than 1,000,000 casualties
and $300^,000,0000. The cost to the
world was mora than 66,000,000 casualties
and a trillion dollars in money,
materials and resources.
World War II ended six years—less
17 days—after Germany precipitated
it by marching into Poland.
The end was announced calmly by
Mr. Truman, who declared a two-day
holiday—tomorrow and Thursday—
for all Federal employee* throughout
the nation.
He also authorized Selective Service
to reduce draft inductions immediately
from 80,000 to 50,000 men
per month as a result of Japan's
Bedlam broke loose in usually reserved
Washington the moment the
White House flashed the word that
"it's all over."
tooted endlessly. Firecracker, ex
day for democracy.
"It is the day when we can start I
the real task — the implementation j
of free government in the world." *
He went on:
"We face a real emergency . . . 11
know we can meet it.
"We face the greatest task ever
faced—the greatest emergency since
Dec. 1941. And it is going to take
the help of all of you to do it."
M'Arthur Instructs
Nips On Surrender
Jap Envoys Will Arrive
In Manila Today to Receive
Surrender Terms
Manila, Aug. 16.—General of the
Army Douglas My Arthur will deliver
surrender terms to the Japanese
tomorrow in his Manila headquarters
close by the hallowed shrines of Bataan
and Corregidor.
He issued instructions to the Nipponese
yesterday to send their surrender
envoy to Ie Shima, an island
near Okinawa, in a green-cross mark*
ed Japanese plane.
From there the envoy, and aides
Mac Arthur ordered to accompany
him, will be transported to Manila in
American aircraft.
Personal Triumph.
Earlier, in a note addressed direct
to Emperor Hirohito, Mac Arthur informed
the beaten Nipponese he had
been designated supreme commander
of Allied forces and empowered "to
arrange directly with Japanese authorities
for cessation of hostilities
at the earliest practicable date."
He also gave detailed instructions
for the official designated of a Tokyo
radio station rfs the medium for further
communication^—in English— |
with his headquarters.
For MacArthur it- is a personal
triumph which will have widespread
significance in the "face - saving"
Orient. .
When the Nipponese tossed in the
sponge, MacArthur was poised, as
commander of all Allied army forces
irr the Pacific, for an "On To Tokyo"
drive. His brilliant campaigns in' the
Southwest Pacific had fulfilled his "I
wilt return" pledge to the ill-equipped,
sick and starving American and Filipino
troops he left behind at Bataan
and Corregidor on orders of the late
President Roosevelt.
MacArthur ironically chose as the
recognition signal for the Japanese
envoy's plane the word "Bataan."
The white-stained aircraft with the
green crosses visible at 600 yards,
must be an unarmed "type Zero,
Model 22 L2 D3" which must leave
the Sata Misaki airfield on southern
Kyushu Island Friday morning.
It must circle at 1,000 feet or under
any cloud layer until joined by an
escort of P-38 fighter planes and then
land o>n an Ie Shima airstrip painted
white and marked withjnore gfeen
six no urn advance nuuce ui uuc
readiness of the envoy's plane to
leave Kyushu must be given by the
Hie terms sent to Japan last Saturday
by President Truman required
the Japanese to transfer American
and Allied prisoners to "places of
safety, as directed, where they can
quickly be placed aboard Allied transports."
Spokesmen estimated the"
Nipponegfelpld alt least 16,668 American
prisoners, of which 3,339 are
civilians and the remainder military
While turning to the task of imz.
potffng the surrender terms on the
beaten Japaheee, MacArthur yesterday
issued his final communiques
on the war. In the first he disclosed
that American planes had damaged
20 Japanese ships in final sweeps over
I empL^ home waters and had shot
[down 17 enemy planes.
Softie air patrolling for observation
necessarily will continue, he said.
His final communique, No. 1228, anInounced
the completion of formal
I communiques from, the MacArthur
headquarters which began from Melbourne,
Australik, April 21, 1942.
K: —
Full Double Sales Daily, Beginning
August 21st.
O! thus be it ever when
Freemen shall stand
Between their loved homes
and foes desolation;
Bless'd with victory and peace,
may our Heaven-rescued land
Praise the Power that made
and preserved us a nation.
The Star Spangled Banner
Francis Scott Key
1 - 121 North Main Street
Farmville, North Carolina
August 17, 1945 v
Dear Mr. and Mrs. Farmer:
In behalf of the citizens of FarmvUle, I wish to take advantage
of the opportunity offered me, by the Editors of The
Enterprise, to bid you welcome to the opening of the Farmville
Tobacco Market, on Tuesday, August 21, and to assure you that
that welcome will be extended not only throughout the season
but for all time to come. Farmville
has been making a mighty effort to put everything
in readiness for your visits this fall and it offers you
unlimited advantages and benefits in trade axil barter, recrea- «•
tional fatuities of park and theatre and a friendly atmosphere.
OUR TOWN is a business center, where merchants are
cooperative and satisfaction is a guaranteed part of transac-.
tions, and our Tob&cco Market has established itself in record
and reputation as among the leading markets of the New
Bright Leaf Belt
No better tobacco is grown in the world than you grow
.right around Farmville and there is no better market on which
to sell than the FARMVILLE Tobacco market. After selling,
we invite you also to "hank and buy in Farmville."
We expect Tobacco prices to be good again this season and
that 1946 will be the greatest year in the history of the market.
We, therefore, invite you to be among the thousands of patrons
who will take advantage of thfe service and satisfaction offered
' by the tobacconists and merchants here.
The Town of Farmville Welcomes You.
Cordially yours,
' v J. W. JOYNER, Mayor.
President Tobacco Board of Trade.
^ list of the churches here and the
date of their establishment follow: \
First Christian Church, 1864^ Rev.
C. B. Mashburn, pastor; Emmanuel
Episcopal, 1888, Rev. J. R. Rountree,
rector; Primitive Baptist, 1900, Rev.
J. B. Roberts, pastor; Farmville
Methodist, 1901, Rev. M. Y. Self, pastor;
Missionary Baptist, 1909, Rev.
E. C. Chamblee, pastor; Presbyterian,
1917, Rev. Edwin S. Coatee, pastor;
St. Elizabeth's Catholic, 1981, Father
Mahon, priest. —• ' Si'% .
i ' £
Market Activities Well
Regulated By Organization
of Tlie Buying
Seeking1 to render all possible assistance
to its individual members
and striving constantly to improve
the Farmville market and promote its
development is the Tobacco Hoard of
Trade, of which H. H. Bradham, a
local buyer for the Farmville. Leaf
Tobacco Co., is president,
J. Y. Monk,. Jr., local warehouseman,
is vice president, and Earle Trevathan
is secretary-treasurer. R. A.
Fields is sales supervisor and publicity
He board coordinates and regulates
the market and its functions
tend towards a more effective handling
of the sales and provides a medium
through which the warehousemen
collectively work for* the betterment
of the maifcet.
Cooperative efforts of the business
interests with those of the Tobacco
Board of Trade are being renewed
this season to farther the interest of
the Farmville Market with a view of
increasing the volume of sales and
improving the service the market offers
its patrons.
"I i»w meWed thin afternoon
Washington, A«$. 14.—Following ia the text of President Tru"Wi
atatemcnt on Ike Japanese aarrender:
> aanp fran the
forwarded to thj*
the FMadaat Declaration
of Japan. In the reply
'k: tT-"- '
been appointed the Snprme
in reply to th*
by the Secretory of State on
"I deem thla reply a full
wtiirf, .peeifU* tfag
r are
Led Bright B
Farmville's new Mayor had served
tbe town faithfully as Alderman and
Mayor Pro-tern for 12 years prior to
his recent election as head official.
In Promotion Plans
At The Rotary Club
Giving Farmville business firms an
avenue for a unified program and
providing: the town with an additional
assurance of permanent progress, is
the Farmville Chamber of Commerce
and Merchants Association, organized
seven yean ago.
Since that time, the Association has
moved along rapidly and satisfactorily
having been fortunate in its leadership.
This year Hal L. Winders,
junior partner at the City Drug Company,
is president and being interested
in the promotion of any worthwhile
movement for the town, 'will
doubtless, head the organization towards
an advance in activities.
At the annual meeting of this group
in April, Winders was elected to succeed
J. W. Munden, whose administration
was effective and successful.
Other officers elected at this time
were: M. G. Thorne, vice president;
John B. Lewis, executive secretarytreasurer;
Miss Rachel Andrews, active
The Board of Directors is composed
of HahL. Winders, John B. Lewis, M.
G. Thome, Joe Melton, J. B. Briley,
J. Y. Monk, Jr., C. S. Hotchkiss, Walter
B. Jones, R. H. Knott, Frank
Williams, R. T. Williams, Lewis K.
Allen, Nassif Cannon and A. C.
Monk, Jr.
Offices of the organization are in
the Pitt County Insurance Agency
building, and open to Farmville. citizens
and visitors from other towns,
who will always find the genial secretary
interested and anxious to be
of service.
The Rotary Club met Tuesday night
while the announcement was coming
in over the radio regarding Japan's
acceptance of the Potsdam peace
terms, and other matters were overshadowed
by the good news. A radio
had beer, set up in tiio Htnmy room
in order, that the Rotarians might
receive tfye announcement, scheduled
»t that tune. >.
Following this, the
America" and a prayer of thyUwgiving
and a plea for Divine guidance
I for leaders at conference tables
throughout the world was offend by
Rev. Edwin S. Coatee.
Bill Duke, vice
Robert Rouse, just
Georgia tobacco market, called the attention
of the club to the seriousness
| of the local food situation just * 4
me when the
> increase in
who will have to be fed.
John M.
as a
elt Averages 1944 Season
Farmer Friends! .
All business houses in Farmville
ere wide open to you and their
forces vying with one another in
extending you a cordial welcome.
Unusual displays and prices will
be offered you and your family
each day you visit FARMVILLE.
Farmville Schools
To Open Aug. 30
Registration Day Set For
Wednesday, 22nd.
Two events that are of much concern
and deep interest to citizens of
this community occur this month; the
opening of the Farmville tobacco
market on Tuesday, August 21, and
the opening of the Farmville Graded
Schools on Thursday, August 80, at
8:45 A. M.
The past session of the Farmville
School is considered as one of the
most successful in its history and the
graduating class of thirty-two was
among the largest.
Supt. John H. Moore, who has been
the efficient head'of the school for
the past ten years will continue in
his position and the faculty with the
exception of a few changes is practically
the same as last year.
All ninth grade pupils will register
Wednesday, August .22, from 9:009:80
A* M.; tenth grade, from "1:3011:00
A. M.; eleventh grade, from
11:00 A. M.-12:30 P. M.
High school pupils, who are entering
this school from other schools,
will report to the office for classification,
Wednesday, August 22, from
2:30-8:80 P. M.
Pupils from the first through the
eighth grades will report to their
home rooms on Thursday, August 30
at 8:80 o'clock.
The first, faculty meeting will be
held, Wednesday, August 29, at 10:00
A. M.
The members of the faculty for
this term will be:
J. H. Moore, Farmville, Superintendent;
High School—Mrs. J. B. Joyner,
Farmville, English; Mrs. Herbert E.
Hart, Farmville, English and Spanish;
Mrs. James Whet ess, Jr., Farmville,
Science; Miss Lucille Davis, FarmvJie,
Commerce, tempoearary; Mrs.
Bruce Eagles, Fountain, Mathematics;
Miss Irene M~ telle, Snow HiU, Vocar
Seventh grades—Mrs. l2 p. Thomas,
Mrs. J. E. Bynum, Farmville;
Sixth—Miss Edna Robinson, IvaAhoe,
Mrs. John Turner Walaton,
Fourth — Mrs. Joseph Batahelor,
Farmville, Miss Hasel Baker, Snow
r i ■
Warehousemen, Forces
Prepare To Welcome
Farmers As M a r k e t
The Attention of the entire tobacco
world will be centered on Eastern
North Carolina, Tuesday, August 21,
as the opening of the tourteen Bright
Belt leaf markets get underway. The
East Belt is reported as having one
of the largest and one of the bast
crops of bright cigarette type leaf in
its history of tobacco culture with
quality and quantity giving the scale
of description an swan ballast.
All predictions point to a banner
season for the Farmville Market and
to the most prosperous of its fortyone
yean. This will be due in part
to the great] y increased demand and
to the guarantee of a higher ceiling
price for the flue-cured tied tobacco.
So farmers, tobacconists and business
men of Farmville are awaiting the
cry of the auctioneer, Tueeday, with
high hopes.
Highest Average '44
Farmville people, who believe in
and sell on their own market, and
watch its phenomenal development
and increase in popularity with gratified
hearts each season, saw it reach
its peak in averages last year and
top all the markets of the Bright
Government figures gave this market
the sale of 26,886,680 pounds with
an avenge of $48.68, according to
Supervisor of Sales R. A. Fields.
Thus the sales on Friday, December
8, wrote finis to the moat successful
selling period in the history of the
The volume of sales was a gain of
more than 8 million pounds over 1948
and more than a $2 average increase.
However, the 1M8 tobacco was damaged
by excessive rains and was recorded
aa "a short crop." Even so
this market sold 18,089,036 for |7,428,213.00,
an avenge of 941.18,
which gave it second place, among
the Big Five markets of the Belt,
and carried it above the Slate average
of (40.69. In 1942 it sold 20,096,042
pounds for an avenge of
$88.85 per hundred pounds.Acts
As Stimulant \ v
The opening ef the market acts as
a powerful stimulant to all activities
in Farmville. Something of this multiplex
activity is reflected in the
pages of this issue, which has been
dedicated to the Farmville Tobacco
Market by a number of the representative
business men of the town.
Hopes High
The picture prasantud to the American
tobacco farmer by the pwsnt.
consumption and demand for his product
has put new heart in him aad
he will bring the 1945 crop of Huecured
tobacco to marks* with high
hopes of reaping .a fair compensation
for the arduous labor he has invested
in growing and harreettfag ths^on.

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