President Truman Announced Japan's Surrender On Tuesday, August 14tfe Chooses General MacArthur S. A. C. Pearl Harbor Is Avenged and Peace Restored To World; V-J Day Not To Be Proclaimed Until After Surrender; Truman Orders Two-Day Holiday For Federal Workers; Orders Sent to Tokyo to Prepare for Surrender As Firing Ceases Washington, Aug-. 15.—Peace came to the world Tuesday^ night ■ when President Truman announced that Japan had accepted unconditional surrender and that Allied forces had been ordered to cease firing. Gen. Douglas MacArthur, "The Man Who Came Back," was named Supreme Allied Commander to receive the formal Japanese surrender.' World War II—the bloodiest conflict in all of human history—was at an end, except for the formality of signing surrender documents. V-J Day will not be proclaimed until after the instruments >f surrender are signed. The three Allies in the Pacific War —Great Britain, Russia and China— will be represented at the signing by high ranking officers. Truman Proclamation. Mr. Truman proclaimed the glad tidings at 7 a. m., (EWT), shortly after he received Tokyo's formal reply to the Allied surrender terms. Summoning reporters to his office, he read a statement which said: I "I deem this reply a full acceptance of the Potsdam Declaration which specified the unconditional surrender of Japan. "In the reply there is no qualifications." Tokyo informed Mr. Truman that Emperor Hirohito i*~ prepared "to authorize and ensure the signature by the Japanese government and the Imperial General headquarters the necessary terms for carrying out the provisions of the Potsdam Declaration." His Majesty also is prepared to issue his commands to all the military, naval and air authorities of Japan and all the forces under their control wherever located to cea4e active operations, to surrender arms and to issue such ether orders as may be required by the Supreme Commander of the Allied forces of the execution of the above mentioned terms." Thus was the "infamy"-of Peart Harbor avenged fully three years, eight months and seven days after Japanese planes struck a nearlymortal blow against the Ufcited States without warning.. Pays Penalty." Japan had paid the full penalty for the treachery that plunged the United States into a two-front war—the costliest in all history. The terms of Mood and treasure, the great conflict has cost the United States mor. than 1,000,000 casualties and $300^,000,0000. The cost to the world was mora than 66,000,000 casualties and a trillion dollars in money, materials and resources. World War II ended six years—less 17 days—after Germany precipitated it by marching into Poland. The end was announced calmly by Mr. Truman, who declared a two-day holiday—tomorrow and Thursday— for all Federal employee* throughout the nation. He also authorized Selective Service to reduce draft inductions immediately from 80,000 to 50,000 men per month as a result of Japan's capitulation. Bedlam broke loose in usually reserved Washington the moment the White House flashed the word that "it's all over." tooted endlessly. Firecracker, ex day for democracy. "It is the day when we can start I the real task — the implementation j of free government in the world." * He went on: "We face a real emergency . . . 11 know we can meet it. "We face the greatest task ever faced—the greatest emergency since Dec. 1941. And it is going to take the help of all of you to do it." M'Arthur Instructs Nips On Surrender Jap Envoys Will Arrive In Manila Today to Receive Surrender Terms Manila, Aug. 16.—General of the Army Douglas My Arthur will deliver surrender terms to the Japanese tomorrow in his Manila headquarters close by the hallowed shrines of Bataan and Corregidor. He issued instructions to the Nipponese yesterday to send their surrender envoy to Ie Shima, an island near Okinawa, in a green-cross mark* ed Japanese plane. From there the envoy, and aides Mac Arthur ordered to accompany him, will be transported to Manila in American aircraft. Personal Triumph. Earlier, in a note addressed direct to Emperor Hirohito, Mac Arthur informed the beaten Nipponese he had been designated supreme commander of Allied forces and empowered "to arrange directly with Japanese authorities for cessation of hostilities at the earliest practicable date." He also gave detailed instructions for the official designated of a Tokyo radio station rfs the medium for further communication^—in English— | with his headquarters. For MacArthur it- is a personal triumph which will have widespread significance in the "face - saving" Orient. . When the Nipponese tossed in the sponge, MacArthur was poised, as commander of all Allied army forces irr the Pacific, for an "On To Tokyo" drive. His brilliant campaigns in' the Southwest Pacific had fulfilled his "I wilt return" pledge to the ill-equipped, sick and starving American and Filipino troops he left behind at Bataan and Corregidor on orders of the late President Roosevelt. MacArthur ironically chose as the recognition signal for the Japanese envoy's plane the word "Bataan." The white-stained aircraft with the green crosses visible at 600 yards, must be an unarmed "type Zero, Model 22 L2 D3" which must leave the Sata Misaki airfield on southern Kyushu Island Friday morning. It must circle at 1,000 feet or under any cloud layer until joined by an escort of P-38 fighter planes and then land o>n an Ie Shima airstrip painted white and marked withjnore gfeen six no urn advance nuuce ui uuc readiness of the envoy's plane to leave Kyushu must be given by the Japanese. Hie terms sent to Japan last Saturday by President Truman required the Japanese to transfer American and Allied prisoners to "places of safety, as directed, where they can quickly be placed aboard Allied transports." Spokesmen estimated the" Nipponegfelpld alt least 16,668 American prisoners, of which 3,339 are civilians and the remainder military personnel While turning to the task of imz. potffng the surrender terms on the beaten Japaheee, MacArthur yesterday issued his final communiques on the war. In the first he disclosed that American planes had damaged 20 Japanese ships in final sweeps over I empL^ home waters and had shot [down 17 enemy planes. Softie air patrolling for observation necessarily will continue, he said. His final communique, No. 1228, anInounced the completion of formal I communiques from, the MacArthur headquarters which began from Melbourne, Australik, April 21, 1942. K: — Full Double Sales Daily, Beginning August 21st. \ O! thus be it ever when Freemen shall stand Between their loved homes and foes desolation; Bless'd with victory and peace, may our Heaven-rescued land Praise the Power that made and preserved us a nation. The Star Spangled Banner Francis Scott Key I-++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++H GREETINGS PROM MAYOR J. W. JOYNER TOWN OF FARMVILLE OFFICE OF MAYOR J. W. JOYNER, Mayor 1 - 121 North Main Street Farmville, North Carolina August 17, 1945 v Dear Mr. and Mrs. Farmer: In behalf of the citizens of FarmvUle, I wish to take advantage of the opportunity offered me, by the Editors of The Enterprise, to bid you welcome to the opening of the Farmville Tobacco Market, on Tuesday, August 21, and to assure you that that welcome will be extended not only throughout the season but for all time to come. Farmville has been making a mighty effort to put everything in readiness for your visits this fall and it offers you unlimited advantages and benefits in trade axil barter, recrea- «• tional fatuities of park and theatre and a friendly atmosphere. OUR TOWN is a business center, where merchants are cooperative and satisfaction is a guaranteed part of transac-. tions, and our Tob&cco Market has established itself in record and reputation as among the leading markets of the New Bright Leaf Belt No better tobacco is grown in the world than you grow .right around Farmville and there is no better market on which to sell than the FARMVILLE Tobacco market. After selling, we invite you also to "hank and buy in Farmville." We expect Tobacco prices to be good again this season and that 1946 will be the greatest year in the history of the market. We, therefore, invite you to be among the thousands of patrons who will take advantage of thfe service and satisfaction offered ' by the tobacconists and merchants here. The Town of Farmville Welcomes You. Cordially yours, ' v J. W. JOYNER, Mayor. H. H. BRADHAM President Tobacco Board of Trade. ^ list of the churches here and the date of their establishment follow: \ First Christian Church, 1864^ Rev. C. B. Mashburn, pastor; Emmanuel Episcopal, 1888, Rev. J. R. Rountree, rector; Primitive Baptist, 1900, Rev. J. B. Roberts, pastor; Farmville Methodist, 1901, Rev. M. Y. Self, pastor; Missionary Baptist, 1909, Rev. E. C. Chamblee, pastor; Presbyterian, 1917, Rev. Edwin S. Coatee, pastor; St. Elizabeth's Catholic, 1981, Father Mahon, priest. —• ' Si'% . LOCAt BUYER HEAD TOB. BOMB TRADE i ' £ Market Activities Well Regulated By Organization of Tlie Buying Interests Seeking1 to render all possible assistance to its individual members and striving constantly to improve the Farmville market and promote its development is the Tobacco Hoard of Trade, of which H. H. Bradham, a local buyer for the Farmville. Leaf Tobacco Co., is president, J. Y. Monk,. Jr., local warehouseman, is vice president, and Earle Trevathan is secretary-treasurer. R. A. Fields is sales supervisor and publicity director. He board coordinates and regulates the market and its functions tend towards a more effective handling of the sales and provides a medium through which the warehousemen collectively work for* the betterment of the maifcet. Cooperative efforts of the business interests with those of the Tobacco Board of Trade are being renewed this season to farther the interest of the Farmville Market with a view of increasing the volume of sales and improving the service the market offers its patrons. i. TRUMAN'S STATEMENT "I i»w meWed thin afternoon Washington, A«$. 14.—Following ia the text of President Tru"Wi atatemcnt on Ike Japanese aarrender: > aanp fran the forwarded to thj* toot the FMadaat Declaration of Japan. In the reply 'k: tT-"- ' [IS been appointed the Snprme in reply to th* by the Secretory of State on "I deem thla reply a full wtiirf, .peeifU* tfag r are * Led Bright B MAYOR J. W. JOYNER 4 Farmville's new Mayor had served tbe town faithfully as Alderman and Mayor Pro-tern for 12 years prior to his recent election as head official. BusinessMenllnited In Promotion Plans At The Rotary Club Giving Farmville business firms an avenue for a unified program and providing: the town with an additional assurance of permanent progress, is the Farmville Chamber of Commerce and Merchants Association, organized seven yean ago. Since that time, the Association has moved along rapidly and satisfactorily having been fortunate in its leadership. This year Hal L. Winders, junior partner at the City Drug Company, is president and being interested in the promotion of any worthwhile movement for the town, 'will doubtless, head the organization towards an advance in activities. At the annual meeting of this group in April, Winders was elected to succeed J. W. Munden, whose administration was effective and successful. Other officers elected at this time were: M. G. Thorne, vice president; John B. Lewis, executive secretarytreasurer; Miss Rachel Andrews, active secretary. The Board of Directors is composed of HahL. Winders, John B. Lewis, M. G. Thome, Joe Melton, J. B. Briley, J. Y. Monk, Jr., C. S. Hotchkiss, Walter B. Jones, R. H. Knott, Frank Williams, R. T. Williams, Lewis K. Allen, Nassif Cannon and A. C. Monk, Jr. Offices of the organization are in the Pitt County Insurance Agency building, and open to Farmville. citizens and visitors from other towns, who will always find the genial secretary interested and anxious to be of service. The Rotary Club met Tuesday night while the announcement was coming in over the radio regarding Japan's acceptance of the Potsdam peace terms, and other matters were overshadowed by the good news. A radio had beer, set up in tiio Htnmy room in order, that the Rotarians might receive tfye announcement, scheduled »t that tune. >. Following this, the America" and a prayer of thyUwgiving and a plea for Divine guidance I for leaders at conference tables throughout the world was offend by Rev. Edwin S. Coatee. Bill Duke, vice Robert Rouse, just Georgia tobacco market, called the attention of the club to the seriousness | of the local food situation just * 4 me when the > increase in who will have to be fed. John M. as a in this elt Averages 1944 Season FARMY1LLE BROKE RECORD IN VOLUME AND AVERAGE OF HISTORY LAST SEASON Farmer Friends! . All business houses in Farmville ere wide open to you and their forces vying with one another in extending you a cordial welcome. Unusual displays and prices will be offered you and your family each day you visit FARMVILLE. Farmville Schools To Open Aug. 30 Registration Day Set For Wednesday, 22nd. Two events that are of much concern and deep interest to citizens of this community occur this month; the opening of the Farmville tobacco market on Tuesday, August 21, and the opening of the Farmville Graded Schools on Thursday, August 80, at 8:45 A. M. The past session of the Farmville School is considered as one of the most successful in its history and the graduating class of thirty-two was among the largest. Supt. John H. Moore, who has been the efficient head'of the school for the past ten years will continue in his position and the faculty with the exception of a few changes is practically the same as last year. All ninth grade pupils will register Wednesday, August .22, from 9:009:80 A* M.; tenth grade, from "1:3011:00 A. M.; eleventh grade, from 11:00 A. M.-12:30 P. M. High school pupils, who are entering this school from other schools, will report to the office for classification, Wednesday, August 22, from 2:30-8:80 P. M. Pupils from the first through the eighth grades will report to their home rooms on Thursday, August 30 at 8:80 o'clock. The first, faculty meeting will be held, Wednesday, August 29, at 10:00 A. M. The members of the faculty for this term will be: J. H. Moore, Farmville, Superintendent; High School—Mrs. J. B. Joyner, Farmville, English; Mrs. Herbert E. Hart, Farmville, English and Spanish; Mrs. James Whet ess, Jr., Farmville, Science; Miss Lucille Davis, FarmvJie, Commerce, tempoearary; Mrs. Bruce Eagles, Fountain, Mathematics; Miss Irene M~ telle, Snow HiU, Vocar Seventh grades—Mrs. l2 p. Thomas, Mrs. J. E. Bynum, Farmville; Sixth—Miss Edna Robinson, IvaAhoe, Mrs. John Turner Walaton, Farmville; Fourth — Mrs. Joseph Batahelor, Farmville, Miss Hasel Baker, Snow r i ■ Warehousemen, Forces Prepare To Welcome Farmers As M a r k e t Opens The Attention of the entire tobacco world will be centered on Eastern North Carolina, Tuesday, August 21, as the opening of the tourteen Bright Belt leaf markets get underway. The East Belt is reported as having one of the largest and one of the bast crops of bright cigarette type leaf in its history of tobacco culture with quality and quantity giving the scale of description an swan ballast. All predictions point to a banner season for the Farmville Market and to the most prosperous of its fortyone yean. This will be due in part to the great] y increased demand and to the guarantee of a higher ceiling price for the flue-cured tied tobacco. So farmers, tobacconists and business men of Farmville are awaiting the cry of the auctioneer, Tueeday, with high hopes. Highest Average '44 Farmville people, who believe in and sell on their own market, and watch its phenomenal development and increase in popularity with gratified hearts each season, saw it reach its peak in averages last year and top all the markets of the Bright Belt Government figures gave this market the sale of 26,886,680 pounds with an avenge of $48.68, according to Supervisor of Sales R. A. Fields. Thus the sales on Friday, December 8, wrote finis to the moat successful selling period in the history of the market. The volume of sales was a gain of more than 8 million pounds over 1948 and more than a $2 average increase. However, the 1M8 tobacco was damaged by excessive rains and was recorded aa "a short crop." Even so this market sold 18,089,036 for |7,428,213.00, an avenge of 941.18, which gave it second place, among the Big Five markets of the Belt, and carried it above the Slate average of (40.69. In 1942 it sold 20,096,042 pounds for an avenge of $88.85 per hundred pounds.Acts As Stimulant \ v The opening ef the market acts as a powerful stimulant to all activities in Farmville. Something of this multiplex activity is reflected in the pages of this issue, which has been dedicated to the Farmville Tobacco Market by a number of the representative business men of the town. Hopes High The picture prasantud to the American tobacco farmer by the pwsnt. consumption and demand for his product has put new heart in him aad he will bring the 1945 crop of Huecured tobacco to marks* with high hopes of reaping .a fair compensation for the arduous labor he has invested in growing and harreettfag ths^on.