COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA, FRIBAY, AUGUST K IMS
1 L' 1 . . ' - I' ' ' ■
Peak Prices Paid Farm*
erg Far Offerings Of
Tips and-Loirs Described
As Inferior Grade
Thousand* of farmers with their
familiaa treked to Farmville, one of
the leading of the 16 market* of the
Eastern Bright Tobacco Belt for the
opening, Tuesday, and witnessed the
exchange of 613,048 pounds of flavoured
tied cigarette-type tobacco for
the sum of $267,893.53, which was
paid by the buyers at an .average of
$43.70 per hundredweight, which resulted
in one of the most satisfactory
openings in the history of tobacco
auction sales here. Breaks throughout
the Belt were reported as large,
the demand strong and prices pleasing
to the farmers.
Wednesday's sale totaled 596,600
pounds with an avenge ranging equal
to that of the day before. Sales
figures en Thursday were recorded as
630,770 and prices the same.
Supervisor of Sales R. A. Fields reports
the week's poundage, through
Thursday, as 1,839,418, receipts $803,667.54,
an average of $43.69.
As Farm vine's 41st leaf-selling
season got underway this week, activity
here has been multiplied a hundredfold
and < the streets have taken
on a carnival air as the farmers and
their families have thronged the
streets daily in holiday attire and
These farmers met the scarcity of
manpower in the community, occasioned
by war demands, with an almost
superhuman effort this spring
and summer and have been forced to
pay almost double the cost of housing
of last season's crop. With an early
setting and growing season, resulting
from the , unprecedented warm
weather in March and April, the
farmers were rushed to take care of
their crops in the beginning and were
faced with additional problems and
obstacles, which have made the 1945
crop the most expensive and troublesome
of any ever grown in this section.
ginning of the housing period this J
year and continued throughout with
the ripening of the leaf proceeding at
& rapid rate and growers were compelled
to toil day and night Despite
their efforts, a large amount of leaf
was ruined in the fields due to lack
of labor and curing barn space. Another
unprecedented difficulty ariose
from the acute shortage of tobacco
sticks and farmers were forced to go
into the woods, fell trees and hew out
sticks throughout the night after
laboring in the fields all day. So
prices have to be good this season to
please tiie tobacco farmer.
Curing of the weed has been practically
over in this area for two
weeks and with one week used mostly
in catching his breath, the fanner
has spent the other m preparing the
weed for market. Thus the blocked
> sales prevailing on all Eastern Belt
markets this week. The 1944 crop
was late and the offering on the opening
sale was the lightest in yean and
it will be ~ recalled that light sales
continued throughout the first two
weeks flrf the season.
Price Near Ceiling.
Mark# officials of the Belt reported
that the qufclity of tobacco offered
Tuesday was regarded generally
as, inferior to that offered during
the past several yean. The price
held near the $44-50 ceiling, however,
with fM being^the practical top on
most markets. As on the Border
Belt, which opened August 1, there
was very little differential in price
between common and good grades.
The cettiag this year is $1 higher
than in 1M4. Ceilings apply only to
the iwssimsl average a particular
buyer pays for the tobacco. Thus the
eeUing may be exceeded e* individual
sales, bat season sales as a whole
must come within the 44H-cent range.
Steady to slightly higher prices
providing a first sale evwry day tor
warehouse Unas, •Honk's and
*8, is one which continues to
[ operate to the general satisfaction of
i patrons of this market, since they are
assured of a sale every day. Comply-*
ins with the 3% hour sale-every-day
rule, made general in this Belt, sales
begin at 9.-00 o'clock and end at 12:30.
Holding die record of topping the
market average in the Eastern Bright
Belt last season, the Farmville warehousemen
are putting foit'i every effort
to hold this position and to make
the 1946 tobacco Boaaoti the most
successful in the history of the
OPEN AUGUST 30
Pitt County schools will open for
the 1945-46 term on Thursday, August
30, the County Board of Education
ordered at its recent meeting.
The facilities for several county
schools are not yet Completed. The
Board of Education is having considerable
difficulty in finding enough
teachers to fill all the vacancies. Up
to date, there are about 26 vacancies
in the county. It is hoped that all
Pitt County teachers who are not yet
employed and who desire to teach
this year will file their application
immediately. The supply of welltrained
teachers has reached a new
low this year and indications now are
that a goodly number of. positions
will have to be filled with teachers
holding non-standard certificates and
even these teachers are. scarce.
Several changes in county principalshipe
have occurred since school
closed. J. T. Biggers, who was formerly
principal at Grifton, goes to
Winterville to replace N. G. Raynor,
who resigned to go in private business.
William Futrell of Rich Square
replaces Biggers at Grifton. Lessie
R. Murray will be principal at Belvoir
to succeed W. E. .Cain, who resigned
to accept a position with C. H. Edwards
Hardware Company of Greenville.
R. C. Polk, formerly a principal
at Stokes, and Mrs. Herman
Baker at Farmville, formerly a teacher
in the Snow Hill schools, will" be
principal at Fountain.
The principals of the other schools
in the oounty and who are returning
to their same positions are: Falkland,
Mrs. Ellen Lewis Carroll; Bethel,
W. C. Latham; Grimesland, M. L.
Basnight; Chicod, Newman Lewis;
Ayden, E. F. Johnson; Arthur, Paul
J. Clark, and Farmville, J. H. Moore.
• CENTER •
Visiting Service Men at the Center
during the past week were: Famrw
ville, T/Sgt, James T. Lang, Page
Field, Ft Myers, Fla.; Albert Q.
Roebuck, Jr., HX2/c, U.S. Naval
Hospital, Portsmouth, Va.
Cherry Point, Pfc. Dale B. Martin.
Knightsville, Indiana; Cpl. Frank
Demyanovich, Lincoln Pailc, Mich.;
Cpl. Jimmie Giatos, Baltimore, Md.;
Cpl. Jerry A. Peck, Lake Placid, N.
Camp Lejeune, Pfc. Hubert L.
I'hipps, Baltimore, Md.; Cpl. Theodore
C. Hood^Akron, Oh\o; Sgt. Dave L.
leaner, Clyde, Texaa; John L. Thom.ten,
A-8, U.S. Naval Hospital Staff,
Warren ton, Va., guest of Mrs. Ethel
Thornton; Pfc. John R. A. Byrnes,
New York City. ,
Greenville 'Air Base, Cpl. Charles
EL Sholdes, Cleveland, Ohio, guest of
Miss Tabitha M. DeVisconti.
Donations were tomatoes, figs,
gTepes, flowers from Mrs. Ben Lewis*
tomatoes, use of percolator, Mrs. B.
Streeter Sheppard; potato salad,
doughnuts, Mrs. H. S. Hatem; toll
ho«se cookies, salted nuts, Mn. Louise
Harris; apples, Mrs. Redden. Lewis;
milk, Mrs. B. A. Norman; one dollar,
Mrs. Frank Davis, Jr. Deviled eggs,
meat sandwiches, cheese rehsh sandwiches,
tea and coffee were also
LOCAL CENTER TO REMAIN
OPEN AS LONC4IS NEED
FOR ITS 8ERVICK8 FELT
Many people feem to think because
the Japs have surrendered that the
Service. Men's Center will soon close.
y ai tii.
Due To Continue
Nolncreaw In Sopply in
Prospect Until Next
Year; Reasons Outlined
Washington, Aug. 21 .—Don't h>ok
for more ngv this year.
A spokesman for the Agriculture
Department gives this pitftan:
Americans now receive about 73
pounds of sugar a year, each. It wUl
remain lib* that—no increase—way
(Before the war Americans got
about 100 pounds yearly, each.J
The situation iant likely to improve
until the latter half of 1946,
even though Army requirements art
cut way down.
The general lack of sugar in the
world. The present world supply has
to go around with far less sugar
produced than before the war.
The Japanese let the Philippine
sugar fields go to seed. They have
to be re-established. Those islands
were gnat producers.
France grew sugar. During the
war its machinery deterioated. It
didn't have labor.
These are examples of the general
problem of sweetening the world's
cup with less sugar.
Here is something else:
Before the war Americans cons
sumed about 6,800,000 tons of sugar
Now, Including the sugar taken by
the armed services, America's consumption
is 6,200,000. Of that the
Army takes 1,100,000 tons."
That leaves civilians 6,100,000 tons.
As noted, they got 6,800,000 before
the war. And the population is larger
than it was four yean ago.
The Army has been using about
280,000 to 300,000 tons every three
Suppose it cat that in half in the
last three months of IMS and the
other half was givvn to civilian*,
r That would mean only 140,000 to
150,000 tons for civilians in those
three months or—about 2K pounds
more per civilian. '
We grow in this country about
2,000,000 tans of sug«r from cans
and sugar beets yearly. This yew's
crop has been almost all harvestedf
Cuba, a great supplier of this country,
hoped to have a crop of 4,800,000
But the worst drought in 87 yean
wiped out 900,000 tons.
We know how much the Cuban
crop wil| be because it has been
harvested. It is, instead of the
hoped for 4,800,000 tons, only 3,900,000
Helping out, of course, will be
sugar from American - grown sugar
beets, and sugar from Hawaii and
But then the liberated, countries
need sugar. So do countries like
Canada and England.;
Here just isn't enough to go
around'nnd give us all we had before.
Seed Small Grain
Crop At Right Time
Plan to pi ant small grain on time
or prepare to accept much lower
yields per acre because of the delay
in planting, say Extension agromomists
at State College.
They point to tfcA three-year records
of the Agricultural Experiment
Station at the Piedmont Test Kmto,
States ville, to show that a delay of
30 to 46 days in plSntfag will on the
average bring reductions in yield
varying, from 28 to 67 per cent
. -Oats planted on November 16 yielded
26.4 bushels per acre for the threeyear
period as compared with 61,2
bushels when planted on October 1.
There Was a gain of S4.8 bdshels per
sere for 46 days difference In plant-,
When the same test was made for
barley, the difference w*s 13.6 bashels
per acre. Late planting cut the
yield 33 per cant
With wheat the November 16 pliant*
mg produced 18.1 bushels as compared
with 28.2 bushel* per acre for the
October .16 planting. , • ,|||
The agronomists call special atK
!!___ T' 1L.
i ^ D-nKor ^
Iff*; I0H% i\lilllMir) - 1
New Peacetime Goods to
Be iScM At or Near)
1942 Price Leveln
.Washington, Aug. 2*.—New Urea,
.nylon stockings. now radios. The
government.dropped food news about
all three into American lava Wednesday.
Government official* were careful
not to ip& of an end to rationing,
but they aald motorists might get a
break on new tirss within #0 days.
They predicted production might
jump 100 per ecnt in the next three
OPA officials said they thought
they could hold moat of the new
peacetime goods — when it readies
the stores ^ain—at or near 1942
Nylon stockings may be. back in
circulation by Thanksgiviing, or at
least by Christmas. The government
has turned loeae its controls on nylon
It still haa a few details to work
out about giving permission for making
nylon hose. This should come
Plenty of Radios.
WPB said 2% milium radios may
be On the store shelves by Christmas.
The reason: An 80 per cent cut in
military orders for radar and radio.
Rent ceilings are expected to disappear
soon in certain places. For
example: in areas where Army camps
close to war plants shut down and
people move away.
OPA indicated meat points would
be reduced, beginning next month.
Agriculture Secretary Anderson already
has said meat rationing would
WPB said it would scrap its complicated
network of controls over
allocating materials and setting up
prioirtiea by the end of September.
* . Control Overboard.
So—by October 1 "CMP'—the controlled
materials plan — goes overboard.
This was the government's
control over steel, copper and aluminum.
Also to be dropped will be the
whole aeries of priority ratings—
AA-1, AA-2, AA9, and AA-4.
Replacing them will be a simpler
system, much reduced. Producers for
military requirements will get an
"mm" rating. Then there will be a
junior rating called "cc."
The government told business men
to build all the new factories, plants
and additions they could.
Yams and Hays Also
Enjoyed Pine Recoveries,
Crop Service Reports
General crop growth in North Carolina
during July was "almost miraculous,"
the Crop Reporting Service, of
the State Department of Agriculture
said Monday in its release on peanuts,
sweet potatoes, and hays.
After coming through a dry June,
crop^ — particularly those m the
western half of the State, were badly
in need of rain. General rains started
throughout the Slate early in July
and lasted long enough to be excessive
fn the Coastal Plain counties. Rainy
days and wet fiieids prevented farmers
from properly cultvating their
crops, so that as July closed graas
was becoming' a serious crop hasard.
Although grassy peanut fields, excessive
plant growth * in cotton, and
rapid ripening of tobacco were detrimental,
corn, hay crops, and pastures
showed improvement during the
month od excellent feed crops were'
| Early Declares FDR •,
Had Newspaper Plan
Washington, Aug. 19. — Former
Presidential Press Secretary Stephen
T. Early Bald tonight that the late
PreaMfent Roosevelt intended to publish
a newspaper when he retired
from the White House.
"I often heard Jit. Roosevelt say
that he wantei to start a paper after
he left public office," Early said in
an interview. "It waa to be a tabloid
and would have no editorial pejje."
He said that Mr. Roosevelt believed
"an editorial page was unneces*"He
believed that if 4s people
were^fivm the facfs they could
DttHHO UpCVI f:
•'IDiHMll IH 1MKHH1
More Than Two Million
Homes Planned For
Three Years Following
New York, Awg. 1«*—More than 2,100,080
persona will buiki homes within
three" years after the war end*,
making joto for more than 1,000,000
man, George W. Warnecke, president
of one of the nation's largest real
estate mortgage and survey companies,
"As soon as materials are released
by tin government, more than 500,000
individuals or cotntrtnies an prepared
to pot up houses in one year
alone," Warnecke said. The building
expert, head of his own company, set
up the Navy's building contract division
in INS and served, with the
rank of lieutenant commander, as
head of the division for one year.
He estimated that huge Army and
Navy buildings supply stockpiles
will be released as surplus .supplies
to civilians contractors within two
and one-half months after the war
The N»tian!s four largest household
equipment companies told the;
United Press that they will be ready
to supply plumbing for all the homes
within three months, after V-J Day.
"The homes built after the war
won't be modernist or made, of prefabricated
or plastic materials," Warnecke
said. "As head of a mortgage
company, I feel feat any homes made
of untried materials are a bad investtive
builders seem leery too.?
The building expert said that between
430,000 and 450,000 men will
be needed to build homes during the
first year of peace. Each $6,000 fiveroom
home requires 1800 man hours
to build, he pointed out.
Labor Needed '
Besides the builders, approximately
1,000,000 workers will be needed
by companies making household
equipment and supplies, Warnecke
Warnecke said that 750,000 homes
will be built .during the second year
after the war ends, and 860,000 during
the third year.
"After the first three years of
building, about 750,000 homes and
apartment units will be built each
year," he said. "It's obvious that
the reason for a boom for some time
to come is that building has been
virtually at a standstill for so many
years." ■ *
In civilian air circles a "short" is a
non-priority passeager who must be
removed from a flight if a heavy
priority passenger comes along. If
possible, what is known as "protection"
is given him. Arrangements
are made to continue the journey by
a later flight, by train, pony cart or
whatever is available.
Recently a young steward nesa, unfamiliar
with flight vernacular, went
to work for American Airlines. An
hour out of Chicago she received by
radio the following instructions: "Prepare
to remove shorts at Detroit. No
protection." For a while she was
quite unhappy about it all.—Mania
Winn in Chicago Tribune.
For Broiler Growers
North Carolina's broiler industry
has shown rapid progress under the
stimulus of war conditions and' the
State now ranks sixth in the United
States. Its probation is valued, at
about 11 million dollars annually.
Along with this development there
are abort 76 processing plants employing
about 660 people.
' The demand of the present broiler
market has been increased by the buying
of the armed services, tfee shipyards,
and the transient population in
areas near government activities.
The broiler industry must meet keen
competition after the war and Prof.
Soy S. Dearstjme, head «f the Poultry
Department at State Oolleg**,
domes forward with some timely suggestions.
needs call for maximum
livability of, the chicks started, lower
cost of production, and. high quality
of the broilers offend for sale. The
chicks must feather aaad grow rapidly,
and they must possess good broiler
quality. "As breeding enten very
greatly into the production of such a
chick, more breeding flocks for this
specific purpose must be developed,"
and Baptist Chnrches
Open For Special Service
Following a "Sarest Hoar of Prayer"
held Tueaday evening August 14.
•t the Christian Church immediately
after the broadcasting of Japan'*
surrender, and another hali Wednaaday
evening at Parkin. Hall, Farmville
citiaena farther celebrated the
rrsaatiim of hostilities la accordance
with Pi mMhiI Truman'i proclamation
by observing Sunday, August 19,
as a day of prayer to God to "support
and guide us into the paths at peace."
TSe President stated further in his
proclamation issued to the nation,
Thursday, August 16:
"I call upon the people ef the United
States, of all faiths, to unite in
offering their thanks to God for the
victory we.have won, and in praying
that He will support and guide us into
the psthr of peace.
"I also call upon my countrymen to
dedicate this day of prayer to . the
memory of thoae who gave their lives
to make possible our victory."
' With August being ohaerred here .
as usual aa vacation month by a majority
at the ministers, the various
congregations assembled at the Presbyterian,
Christian and Baptist
Churches, the three worship centers
open at the eleven o'clock hour, Sunday
morning. Pastors of both the
Preebyterian and Christian Churches
were in their pulpits, but dneto Rev.
Mr. Coatee, Presbyterian minister, being
at the bedside of his father, who
is ill st his home in Angler, at the
time, it was impossible to obtain an
excerpt of his message for publics,
tion. Dr. W. C. Seed, Superintendent
of the Kennedy Home, Kinston,
brought the impraeaive message, appropriate
for the day at the Baptist
Church, choosing as the subject for
his remarks, "The New Age."
Rev. Mr. Maahbuin, of the Christian
Church, chose as his subject,
"The Day Dawns," and baaed hia
"victory sermon" on the 12th verse
of the 13th Chapter of Romans: "The
night is far spent, and the day is at
hand; let us therefore east off the
works of darkness, and let us put on
the armor of light," and made an
eloquent and stirring appeal for en
awakening of the Church to the tremendous
opportunities afforded by
the dawning of a new era in the life
Key. Mr. Hubburn said in put:
"Time ia divided into day and night.
Night has its twilight, darkness and
dawn. Day, its sunriae, zenith and
decline into runaet Paul uses this
figure from nature to appeal to the
Roman church to 'Awake out of sleep,'
and match the glory of the day with
'work* of righteousness.' He probably
had in mind the daikneas of
paganism coming to an end. and the
riae of the 'Son of Righteousness with
healing: in His wings.' This figure
is applicable to this 'Season.' The
night of dreadful darkness, caused by
war, is passing, the new day at peace
ia at hand. The same mighty urge
is upon us—to cast off the works of
darkness and put on the armor of
"The Night ia Par Spent — The night
through which we have pawed
is perhaps the darkest mankind has
ever passed. It has. been Tilled with
false propaganda, hate of the vilest
kind, separation of loved ones, lonely
hours for those at home and homesickness
for those away, cries of the
wounded, and tha closing of tte eyes
in death of many millions. What a
night of terror! It staggers the imagination
1 • But thank God, it ia far
■pent, and the day ia at hand.'
"The Day Has Dawned—No, it it
not yet sunriae! But we do begin to
see the bright nays of light ascending
heavenward, which is an w<mrance
of the coming light. The Apostle
urges all to oast off the things
that belonged to the night, and clothe
themselves becomingly for the day.
A day that speaks to us Christians
of new opportunities Shall we not
use them as God-given?
dFIrst—Hie Church has the opportunity
to work for peace. While
ahe has always advocated peace, believes
in it, and knows it ia the way of
God, she has not until recent years,
had so many allies. The work of our
late Presidents, Wilson and Roosevelt,
together with the advocacy of R
President Truman, give us hope. The
ratifying of tfes San Franciaeo Charter
by other nations and our owa
Senate, give us courage. We most
make paaoa now or the tatventiena of
Mix Hill Payler
Promoted In OPA
FarmviUe Man NmbmI Chief At
tornay of Raleigh District
Raleigh, Aug. 23.—Appointment of
John H. Paylor as chief attorney of
the Raleigh Diatrict OPA waa announced
yesterday by Diatrict Director
Theodore S. Johnson.
Paylor, who has been associated
with the diatrict office's legal department
tor ovsr three yean, succeeds
Norman C. Shepard. Shepard
resigned recently to go to Germany
as a legal adviser to Jhe -United
States occupation forces.
Paylor, who practiced law in Parmville
for 21 year* before coming with
OPA, is a native of Laartaburg. He
it a 1920 graduate of the University
of North Carolina. He served a short
time in the army during World War I
and was in Officer* Training School
at Caknp Gordon, Ga., when the war
Paylor, 48, represented Pitt County
in the General Assembly for two
terms, 1935-37 and 1987-39, which included
two special sessions. He is an
elder in the Presbyterian church
and has the unusual distinction of
having a perfect Sdnday School attendance
record for 87 years.
In October, 1942, he was appointed
attorney in charge of the Greenville
field office. When that office was
discontinued, he came to the enforcement
division at diatrict headquarters
here. In November, 1943, he was
made_ enf orcement attorney a charge
of the Apparel and Industrial Materials
unit, sad in this capacity he
has handled many OPA cases involving*
price violations in the lumber industry
and other fields.
As chief attorney he will supervise
enforcement activities comprising five
Paylor is married to the former
Alice Flynn, of Farmville. They have
two sons, both serving in the A/my,
John H. Jr., has been in service since
August, 1943 and is now in Europe;
Robert P., is an Infantry replacement
now in California awaiting shipment
to the Pacific theatre.
Market Scrub Bulls
A definite brssdiiiep*uCTani with
tested lire*" which will eliminate the
hereditary faeton responsible lor
low milk production and will Mid op
an inheritance in the herd for high
avenge production, ie ont of the
principal secrets leading to large
. John Ajrey, Extension dairyman at
State College, points to the record of
the USD A herd of Holsteias at Beltsville,
Md„ to show just what may be
accomplished bya long-time breeding
pro*/am. He also calls attention to
the fact that there is not just one exceptional;
Wgh prodecing «frw in this
herd but many. and that the avwage
of the' 57 cows now mirtdng is 721
pounds of bnttasfat par cow.
Althougb.oM cow in the Beitsvilfe
herd recently set a butterfat record
with l&ri pounds, she is only one of
six cow in the hard that have exceeded
the tho«—irpouad maA on
three dairy milkiogs.
cows. No pasture if provided. A
concentrate tntion of about 16 H per
ceit protein Is fed, with, common
farm gisdas plus linseed oil meal
cottonseed meal to balance the ration.
Exoelleat quality alfalfa hay
tor this test herd Is being produced
with the aid of a mechanical hay drier,
installed-last year. * X
Now that the country i* experiencing
a meat shortage, Acflr says ^hat
this is a good tints to kill many of the
scrub bulls that are still being used
throughout North Carolina.
SHOULD WORK BOTHWAT8
j. The ^it-and-nm driver was brought
to trial. His lamver pleaded eloquently
in his behalf: "Your Honor, the
plaintiff must hera teen walking vfry
carelessly. My client is a very careful
driver. He has teen driving a ear
for 11 yean."
"Your Honor*" shouted counsel for
plaintiff, "1 can prove that my client
should win this case without further
angwneet. He has been walking for
46 years!"—Christian ScleRce Moni