J " '1, I ' ? 1 W' i - ? "?? ' I - "
MHMHHMIBI fwpay, august a, m7.
5* ? ?f 1
U. S. Generosity
Shown in World
The United States has made granti
and pledged loans totaling more thai
$20,000,000,000 for the relief and re
habilitation of foreign nations in th<
two postwar years. " ~
This is what Secretary of Stab
George C. Marshall had in mini
when he told the Women's Nations
Press Club on July 1 that "histoid
cal records clearly show that m
people have ever acted more gtener
ously and more unselfishly than Um
American people in tendering assist'
anee to alleviate distress and suffer
At the request of the Associated
Press, the International Economic!
Division of the Department of Com
merce compiled a complete account
of the loans and gifts.
Outright gifts to. prostrate peoples
in Europe, Asia, and Africa now
amount to $7,215,000,000. Of this,
individuals and institutions gave
$1,500,000,000 worth of parcels and
Loans comprise $12,871,000,000 id
the total. They have been made,
generally, for a 20- to 30-year per
iod. They bear interest of 2 to 8%
per cent *
To get an idea of the enormous
sums -involved in these loans and
gifts, recall that the public debt of
the United States in 1932 was only
* All the goods which this country
exported between 1932 and 1939 cost
somewhat less than $20,000,009,000.
Chief recipients of the gifts ham
been the countries of eastern and
southern Europe. Western Europe
comes next and Asia third.
Great Britain has been by far the
Most of the gdods exported to the
loan countries have beer, food, fuel,
_ and clothing. Machinery, steel, and
?ther "hard goods" have been ex
ported mainly through UNRRA in
the form of gifts.
Here are some facta cited by the
State Department expert s
We shipped overseas 29,600,000
tons of coal in the year ended June
30?all but 3,000,000 to Europe and
North Africa. In avenge prewar
years we exported ony 50,000 tons
of coal annually.
We exported 14,500,000 tons of
bread grains, nearly all of it wheat,
in the past yuan. -
All our exports?both consumer
items and hard good?-?-are steadily
mounting, both to the loan countries
and to the gift countries. In June we
wen-exporting at the rate of $1,
400,000,000 wprth of goods a month
Here are the gifts made by tire
people of America through their
UNRRA: $2,700,000,000. This is
72 per cent of all UNRRA do national
Largest recipient of UNRRA help
wsa China, with $630,000,000. Two
Russian Soviets, the Ukraine and
Byelorussia, received large grants.
Civilian: supplies distributed by the
Army and Navy: $1,200,000,000.
Theae goods were given chiefly in
Germany and Japan. They were ba
sically a ipilitary expense, necessary
to prevent disease and unrest It is
the istant of this Government to ex
act payment when the countries can
ed as gmnl chairman for the Ki
wanis Carnival which will be staged
here Sept. 19 end 20.
Many of the features of last year's
carnival will presented again, and
several new. cms are being planned
to makq the entertainment even more
At The Khraitis Club
Ward James of Greenville, who
climaxed 6 years' Army service by
serving several months as military
governor of'an area in Germany that
embraced 475 square miles and -to
| eluded 00,000 inhabitants, an area
slightly smgller than the average
North Carolina county but morn
densely populated, believes the Unit
ed States' denazification program
would be more successful if the work
were being focused On children in
stead of adults.
A native of Winterville but now
working and studying at E. C..T. C.,
Greenville, Mr. James delivered - an
address Monday night at the Kiwanis
club as the guest of Jack Lewis. Jack
was unable to be present; Sam Bun
dy served as pinch-hitter.
After explaining that the purpose
of military government is to carry
out the will of the people of this
country, Mr. Jamps stated that it de*
rived its authority . from the Hague
and Geneva conventions and from
Minor offenders charged with war
crimes are tried in a court composed
of two members of each established
political party. The prosecutor, also
a German, has been picked for his
role only after he has been: complete
ly checked and investigated as to any
affiliation he might have had with
the Nasi party. Mr. James told of
one incident in which the prosecutor
in his district had been an ardent
member of Hitler's party and that it
was quite through accident that this
fact became known and 4m prosecu
tor disposed of.
Schools are completely under Ger
man control and Mr. James stated
that a majority of the teachers lean
toward the Nazi party and its teach
ings. The philosophy behind the en
tire German educational program is
that Germany is supposed to be the
most important country in the world,
based on the premise that if this
were not so, it would not have taken
the Test of the world to defeat the
Huns in World War'IL
Children are existing on. 1550 ca
lories per day, less than the avenge
American gets in a single meal. An
inspection of some school lunches re
vealed that most of the youngsters
had nothing more than a slice of hard
bread for mid-day meal. For sup-,
per, most of them had only potato
soup, or a similar dish.
Since these conditions are making
it easier for the Communists to make
inroads into the American section of
Germany, Mr. James stated his belief
that the Marshall Plan, which calls
for the United States td enter into
a multi-billion- dollar plan of feed-*
ing Europeans, should be pieced into
effect at once.
The forthcoming election on is
suing bonds for the construction of a
county hospital will be discussed
and explained Monday night. ?.
SPEAKS IN AYDEN
Sam D. Bandy, secretary of the
Farmville Chamber of Commerce,
guest apegker el the Aydan
Lione Club Friday'night. Mr. Bandy
ftpofce on the "Civic Club's Relation,
ship to Peace."
Protestantism has itself to blam
for increasing violations of th
American principle of separation o
Chureb ami State, Dr. Charles Clay
tea Morrison, former editor of tb
Christ** Ceqtury, told the into**
tional oomvention of Disciples o
Christ, now in session in. Buffalo, N
Two of the mast glaring violations
Dr. Taylor said, are theuappofaitmen
of Myron C. Taylor as the Brpsi
dent's Ambassador to the Vaticai
end legislation: already approved ii
18 states permitting the us. of pah
lie school money to provide free text
books and bos transportation for pa
rochial school pupils.
"In all bat one of the 18 State
which enacted legislation similar t<
that in New Jersey the Protestacfl
population is in a great majority,'
"This Protestant majority is sup
plemented by great numbers of othei
citizens who cherish the religious li
berty guaranteed by the Constitu
tion. But this great body of th?
electorate has allowed a chinch rep
resenting only one sixth of the coun
try's population to make a first and
now a second breach in the wall ot
separation between Church and
Dr. Morrison warned that a great
er violation looms in tee proposed
Aiken and T<t Mils, the first oi
which provides for Federal aid foi
parochial schools, end the second oi
which paves the way for such s step.
"For the Roman Catholic Church
to receive Federal tax funds to be
used in support of Ha parochial
schools would spell this end of our
public school system as it has been
established, fostered and protected
for more than a century," he assert
"To divide's Federal appropria
tion between * public schools and
church schools would divide Ameri
can society itself into sectarian poli
tical campe; it would intensify sec
tarian intolerance and would thrust
a religious issue into the political
arena from which our Constitution
was designed to exclude it
"Moreover, ia sheer self-defense,
Protestantism either unitedly or by
separate denominations would be
consbmmtbA9 to sot up parochial
schools of their own. America would
then present the deplorable picture
of three or more school systems ex
isting side by side?a Roman Catho
lic system, a Protestant system, and
s public school sy#em."'
The ambassadorship to the Vati
can is contrary to the American Con
stitution, Dr. Morrison said, because
"it interlocks the official processes
of the American sthte with
dal processes of the
^ Dr.* MorHsoh contented that Pro
testantism "has the largest stake" in
the issue of separation of Church and
State. 5~- .^ <1 ? - ???"'? 1
"If Protestantism passively tole
rates any compromise of the
pie of the equality of sty.
faiths before,the American
end, a Minority sect existing <*> the
margins of American life. The main
of our culture will flow ht the
tige of the Government."
Here Are Someftems of
* r "i-iij
Me removed. After Nor.
lar down ami a dollar
finitum practice of
again be legal.
Reserve Board regulations
cash down payment of one
tile purchase price and full
within 16 months for such
? ? ? ?
one large manufacturer as a |
nattily attired tn top. hat. i
j>u' amj nm <| jrettia* more
ry day. He's aboat to
right out of fe ca^p
g is const
Half a turkey ia better than ant
Jr> a general way that ia what turke
trying to impress upo
cooka. Bigger Unb ar
tasty to eat apd more economi
sal to raise, according to the expertt
is to |
they can be sold in halves
ajl through the year
Eight driven' ..
from the examiner's office in Farm
ville during the past week.
Examiner Elwood E. Oayton sug
gests that before applying for new
licenses drivers familiarize themsel
ves with the material contained in
the "Driver Manual" Which has re
cently been released by the Delarfc
ment of'Motor Vehicles. These man
uals can be obtained at the examin
er's office in the Town Hall Thu?
days and Fridays.
In addition to those whose names
begin with A or B, any one who "has
lost his license should apply for a'
duplicate and a person over 16 years
old who has never had a North Caro
lina license may apply. ' ,
At The Rotary Club
International good will was the
subject used by Rev. W. H. Branson,
pastor of the Ayden Christian
church, in his talk at the Rotary club
Tuesday evening. He outlined Ame
rica's relationships with other na
tions in which we try -to be good
.neighbors by establishing vfnder
standing, abolishing doubt and as
sisting with material help. The
thought that Rotary International
has played a part in helping estab
lish international good will was ex
pressed by the speaker. Jesse Moye
was in charge of the program.
Visitors included Garland Bullock,
Ayden; Joe (iashwell, Arthur; Knott
Praetor, Greenville. Russell Mizelle
received the attendance prize.
| Activities Of Local
The Annie Perkins circle met Tues
dsy evening with Slip. Robert Joy
ner, program leader, Mrs. A. J. Mel
ton, Mrs. Paul Vaughgn and Mrs.
Maynard Thome presenting talks
about South America. Isaiah 45:20
was the scripture read by Mrs.
R. L. Manning in connectiori with her
talk about God's invitatior to all
people. - .. L .
Miss Annie Perkins .made a repejk
about" the conference die attended at
Mrs. Cheater Outland and Mrs, A.
B. Tyson, hostesses in the home of.
the former, served peach ice oream
and cookies. Mrs. W. T. Candler w
welcomed as -a visitor.
Mrs. W. J. Rasberry was devo
tional leader at the Woman's Mis
sionary Society Monday afternoon,
using the theme, "God's Invitation to
-All the Ends of the Earth" and read
ing verses from Isaiah 45. The pro
gram given "by Mrs. J. M Wheiess,
centered around South America with
the leader "stressing the point that if
Americans are to be good neighbors
they must give others the greatest
thing they need?the Christian: relig
A social Hour in which fudge cake,
and" coca colas w.
held after adjournme
Mrs. R. LeRoy Rollins
Ifrs. J. B. Joyner were hostess
Mrs. Sam Hobgood was hostess to
the Y. W- A. Monday
Henry Johnson led t!
part of ?
PT Wheiess and Miss
the program, brfh rf
... . ':asr
over fey Mrs. Ted L. -
? m~ I m
AJnless flue-cured tobacco produc
ers can find a larger foreign market,
thaaaow la in sigijt, they face a re
duction of marketing quotas is 1948
of from 10 to 20 per cent below the
Ihe two uncertain factors in the
situation are the extent of the for
eign, demand and the exact aiae of.the
194T crop?which now is estimated
by the -government at a higher fig
ure .than had Ipeu anticipated gener
al ly. - The tobacco control act pro
vides for the announcement of quo
tas for the following season to be
made between July 1 add December
of each fear and the usual proce
dure has been for the announceme
to be made nrevr the earlier date.
However, because of current uncer
tainties it is expected that Secretary
of Agriculture Anderson will defer
his announcement of 1948 quotas un
til 'on or about the December. 1 dead
In 1946 quotas were increased by
-10 per xcent and in 1947' they were
virtually unchanged. Domestic con
sumption of flue-cured tobacco is
now at .the very high figure of 760,
000,000 pounds annually and that es
timate, the easiest one to make in
connection with the current Crop, is
expedted to be close to the actual fig
ure. J. E. Thigpan, the tobacco ex
pert of the Department
tare, places the "known'
mand for the year 1947 at'
000 pounds while Hugh Taftor, the
tobacco specialist in. the Office of
Foreign Agricultural Relations,
thinks 400,000,000 is the rock botton
figure. v ''M
rtesent estimates as to the sue ox
the crop are more subject to change.
There has been only one official es
timate, that of July 10, which placed
thexrop at l,278)p00,000 pounds. This
figure is only.five per.cent below
1946 and is higher than had'been an
ticipated by experts, within or with
out the Department of Agriculture.
If the official estimate -proves to
be accurate, or nearly so, and if
governmental and private efforts to
increase expert markets of tobacco
do not meet with marked success, the
Commodity - Credit Corporation,
which is required by law to support
the market through 1948 at 90 per
cent of the parity price, will buy in
the neighborhood of 150JKMM10Q
pounds of the 1947 crop?to
% the 67,000,000 purchased
all of which is still in the
of tile government. If those pros
pects materialize and there is no yis
ible increase in foreign markets by
December, a cut of from 10 to 20 per
cent in 1948 marketing quotas npr
pears to be inevitable.
Officials in the Department of
State-and the. Department of Agri
eu'ture and interested members of
Congress, including most of the North
Carolina delegation, are united in the
opinion that the British situation ii:
?f tbe W*
vitatiop vw extended from
South Cawltof ? H officials to the
State 4-H dub leader at State Col
lege in Raleigh Ruth.
camp fai A
with 4-H Club Week *t State Col
lege, Raleigh, which will be held ?
ing the Of August i?
when approximately IfcUO 4-H
boys And girfe from North C
counties will gettogether fer
Active in club wort for % years,
she has served in every office opa
city of her local alub gs weft as be
ing a most capable officer of the
Pitt County Council of 4-H Club# be
as State President
at 4-H Club Week last..
Ruth has given several programs
before civic clubs in Pitt eoenty in
cluding the Kiwspas Club of Fsrjn
vffle. Parmville Kiwanians have
recognised her abUi* end jthe fine
wnt she has and to doing for the
4-H Club Ppogiam; and ss a reward
they are paying her egpenaes to and
from Osmp long, South Carolina. 7
Ruth is the daughter of Mr. and
Mr& J& H. Moore. She is a mem
ber V the rising Junior class of
F?rmvflle high school. ; -
Greene Farmers 7
On Hardy Farms
Eighteen farmers attended a field
meeting to observe Black Shank and
Granville Wilt resistant types of to
bacco being grown .tide by aide on
the farms of J ease Tripp and Charlie
YkMewned^by Hardyh J|-l.
A . large number of fanners in Or
monde toWnship have lest tobacco
this "year with Black Shank" ;
Granville Wilt diseases. A keen in
terest is being shown by farmers in
this community in resistant types''of
tobacco to the diseabe they have and
the benefits from crop, rotation.
E. E. Bjjtts, Hookerton, and U F.
Herring, R-3, Snow HQ1, are dusting
their cotton with ftlcium arsenate
dust for control of boll weevils. .Re
cent survey shews 37.29% infosta
tion in the cotton fields in the coun
Roy Thomas, Rrl, Farmville, in
Olds township, seeded a three-acre
pasture in the spring of the year to
a mixture of Ladreo clover, Dallis
grass, lespedesa and Herds
This pasture w*? also prop
rnq iv*i MarcJi 01 Dimes leacnea
i all-time high in raising *17,987,
*00.66 for tin National Fov
'or Infantile. Paralysis and its 2,7
ihapters to carry on the
tgainst 'poliomyelitis through
ration, Basil .O'Connor, presiucm, v
the National Foundation has a*
lie the audited fig
48 states ftnfl uifi u# ??
f Mr. O'Connor pointed
thanks to the 60,000 volunteer
era in every section of the country
wKose efforts made the annual fund
raising drive so successful.
"Through the tireless devotion and
ded generously and again re
pledge to stgy in the
vnlantiie paralysis un
disease is conquer
?? 11hubs an il 11
M in total contributor wi# gMjft,
358.34. Next was Illinou with *1,
The highest per capito
p ' <
.. ??> M v
fyhH e_" ui fm
Many nfcw changes and ragnla
tions calculated to itrengthsn the
nnofiAm atrafom nnJ V.f-.a.'f iL. . !?
auction system ana oenent tM grow
ere -are being instituted this year In
the marketing of th
| Sale of this year's crop,
to be Ncoiu)i only to tlio
of 194? in poundage, is well aider
way in the Georgia-Florida area,
where the leaf is sold untied. Sow
ever, opening of the Border Belt
markets yesterday signified sale of
the first tied leaf this year, andf S ' 1
heavily producing belts which
market under similar conditions will
follow with opening sales within a |
period of a little more than a month.
A calendar of opening dates and
selling regulations pi ready has been
ire by a joint buyer-grower-ware- - '
However, leaders in the wareboaw ?'? \
industry wafcn that full coordination
of all facilities for making sate of
this year's crop an orderly and pro
fitable one for the grower, buyer
alike. * l! - ' /?
While redryiag and processing
facilities have been increased to "?
extent of about H> per cent since last
year, sufch facilities are still inade
quate to hande the tobacco as fkst't
growers desire to market it and care
mat be taken to' prevent flooding
of these processing plants beyond ca
pacity, -which is to the
of the grower.
_ the first time tikis
[ year is Tobacco Associates, Incofpo- '
rated, an organisation set up' ?
yfear to prompts the sals of flhe
cured tobacco abroad. Under acts
of the General Assemblies of North
and South Carolina, and approved in
a referendum on July It, by more -
than 99 per cent, growers will be V
?pressed-10 cents per acre to help
support Tobaceo Associates. - ' r WL
The Flue-Cured Tobacco StabiHsa
tion Corporation, which handles the
Government's support program for g?.
tobacco, again will function on all
flue-cured markets. This organiza
tion received M,000,000 pounds of
W l.sb ??aa. U ?
leaf last year, provhig invaluable in ?
Its support of leaf prices.
In connection with the Bender Belt
opening and institution of the paw -'W
regulations, Fred S. Royster of Hen-,
derson, president of the Bright Belt -
Warehouse Association, issued a
statement covering certain points in
I the Tobacco Associates and Stabilisa
tion Corporation programs, which he
said should be studied thoroughly by
fftjL Stabilisation Corporation this. S