' -" -
-PUBLISHEI EYXSY THURSDAT
1 Al U AIHr,
y Editor and 'Proprietor. V
Om Year, . .... aim
sis ,jtouui-,..,..r,,,.:, ,, , " " ijbo
49- Xagtetratea Blajika always on kaad.
NEW BERNE ADVERTISEMENTS.
? G Opposite 6 as ton Bmw. N-f Berae, N- C
WILt ' PBACncB'TW THE STAT AND
FwOml Oowt-. and repnUriy attend all -ion
o( tha Court r .th fuliowina eounti-e :
?ravn, Carteret, PamUeo, Jooea, Onslow,
Leaoir. . - i M t vtMar. 80-w-4y. ;.
li i pealeb Hf ' . -. - -
CAST ACCC .
.: - --- .- ... '- ; -. Mar. 30, 1 y
SMALL PROFITS AXD QUICK SALES.
ii nc it d u n ncno t ni er s;
v ? Corner Eroad and Queen Streets,
NEy pERNE, N. c.
KlIUipi SOTSp TllM
T .A. N D,
n hhIim3 ' A
New Berne, H. a
; - KZTT BE2SE, IT. C. .
ALL KINDS GBAYIL ANTTBUlLD-
Crder rBye ptompt attention
; JOE IIVIS(gg
(Siccessof to George W. Clajpoole)
fim- T.TiOAxJ A C5AYEX Sti '- '
- Wew Berne,vir. C
Mar. 30; I y.r
' O T1 P 1 -
i ?; Keepa I wi)b I ti Stock in Lai gre
. ; t
X)KQ C'l-EAKS; -,
;vFIAUK. 8UU A R. COPFKK
SYatUP, MOL-ABSES, SAL.T etc
t--.f I-.4 --.".' '-'VA,-'
A LASSS STOCK 07
T 0R A C C O,
- " DRY GOODS, BOOTS, At
ArbticUe- Aliosa ,: Roasted
; -.0 :0. E E
C It AC KEH S AND CAKES
- in great rarietya t
- ? f A large Stock of
. "V? NOTIONS TandrHOSIEItr
: " Wliolesale' buyers will find a large
KTOCK and the Lowest prices.
Dqn't fail to see me before you buy
' -?:tv:-UlC58Xa St. Vtw Ssrne, V. C
J. W. HARPER, 4
H. 8. NDNH, $
Congressman at Large.
A communication on oar first page
mates a very fair presentation of the
claims of the 2nd Congressional Dis
trict for the naming of the ninth
Congressman to be elected by the
State at large next fall. The point
is well taken there that this district
if entitled to this recognition on the
part of the State, siuee by means of
the clubbing together of Republican
counties bere the remainder of the
State is enabled to go solidly Demo
cratic While there are ' numbers of other
eminent Democrats in other parts ot
the district, as also in the city of
New Berne, yet the name of H )n. C.
C Clat lc Jor the piiion iu one emi
m-ntly fit and proper,; and if nomina
ted and electi d. the interests f North
Carolina iu the House of Ueprefenia
trrea conld bo placed, in no ptnei iur
bier hands. - . .. i
tur lioveruiueuii removes i iaig"
revenue, from import duties, a tax laid
on certain articles of commerce brought
from - foreign countries which tax al
though paid by "the consumer is indirect
and often unknown. The next source
of importance from which it secures in
come is' what is called !u this country
Internal -Revenue, and called bv the
Excise duties have ever been unpopu
lar, and snuggling or i3 more modern
brother "blockading," .has been prac
ticed and: encouraged in every land.
Xota single session of ; Congress goes by
without a struggle to repeal the internal
revenue system, and the examples of
European opposition to the Excise laws
are often made use ot by our Cougress-
The .--system is a very ingenious one
and waso introduced during - the great
civil war Purine the year . I860 more
than three - hundred : millions of dollars
were? collected ta this department of the
revenue; but since tnen tne government
has gradually been" reducing the taxa-
fion;T'; - ,."'''
i There are now but few taxes laid on
V- . i . . ... - i' iii'".- ''' .x.
our mternai. iraue ana maumatmie.
The largest tax is on the manufacture
and sale of spiritsi followed next by
the tax oo tobacco. . .-
t New the Protectionists, . whoavor
costom duties, oppose, in theory, the
internal revenue : system because it is
a direct tax upon home industry;' while
the Free Traders advocate it far the
same reason, -s-. , ?
The Free Trader.it will be rem em
bered, holds that only a part of the
tax levied on imported goods reaches
the croverument: and maintain? that
.. -. v .......
the .whole of ; the internal tax, if the
collecting officers are honest, fiuds its
war into the treasury. Hence under
this system the tax-payer pays. less.
' rThe Protectionist disputes the theo
rv that the custom duties are not all
... . . . - ...
received by the government. And in
addition be insists that the foreiguer
and not the citizen really pays the
duties. . For this reason he- declares
the cnt-toms system is'Uie easiest 'and
the best. Here again there can, nev
er be an ngieeruent leiwfceu? tlmFree
Trader aud the Protectionist, and it
U s; fe to presn n'te v that 'the true
gtonnd ionietthere between the; two
as itidirated by us ill a former article,
Mot goverumenla iuijMtse interna
lanes or excie. Very few of them
are less burdensome to the people
than ours. - The excise of Great Brit
ain U heavkr and laid on more artic
lea than Uiat of the United States
Fiance gs beyond ; both; and if the
pjMtMuple be followi d , out to lay: this
duty on tnxuries Ouly, it is about as
etttv a plan of collectincr revenue as
can. adoptel. . , '".
Star Route Prosecutions.
There has been much, discission.
Ut caneerning the prosecution of the
Star route" swindlers, and the
greater interest attaches to it on ac
count of the etanding of some of the
The U. S. mail is carried by rail
road lines, by steamboat lines and in
stage coachep or wagonp, Thee last are ;
marked with a star or asterisk (), in
department reports, and from this cus
tom has arisen the habit of referring to
such routes in public documents and
appropriation bills, as "Star routes."
The meaning of the term is practi
cally, all mail routes which are served
neither by railroad or steamboat. The
Star routes comprise much the largest
part of the post roads, so far as length
is concerned. The railroad and steam
boat lines together are only a little
over one . hundred thousand miles,
which the Star routes are over two
hundred thousand miles in all.
These lines are very numerous, but
the most of them are short. The
country is so covered with a network
of railroads, that in the populous
States, the lines over which mails are
carried by horses cannot be long. In
the Northern States, for example, the
localities are few where a traveller can
go from one village to another, that is
fifteen miles from it, without crossing
at least one railroad. In this State
the routes are longer, and much the
largest part of the mail service is done
by horse power.
Every year Congress appropriates
a specified sum of money to pay for the
transportation of the mails on each
class of routes. As the country grows
there is need of a constant extension
of the mail service. Population goes
in advance of railroads, and also
spreads out on each side of the rail
It may therefore easily happen that
a sum which is supposed to be suf
ficient to pay for mail transportation
in a certain St&te at the beginning of
a year, may prove to be .totally in
adequate for that purpose before the
year is endtd,f New routes .must be
established arid additional-mails must
be given to rapidly increasing centres
tn these "Star route prosecutions"
it is charged that the postoffice officials
under Mr. Hayes' administration did
the work of extension recklessly and
dishonestly ; that straw bids were made
and by collusion among post office
officials high in government employ,
arge sums of money were dishonestly
It is to the credit of President
Arthur's administration that - these
prosecutions are being pushed vigorous-
y and earnestly. It is unpleasant to
wage a warfare against ricn ana in
fluential men and especially when by
so doing odium attaches to one's party
and political friends.
It is proposed in Congress to retire
the army ofiBcers from active service
after reaching a certain age, and this
is urged on the ground of making the
army more effective.
It is generally conceded that ef
ficiency in the" army can only be se
cured by selecting as commanding
officers men in the freshness and ripe
ness of physical and intellectual vigor,
and great generals over the age of fifty
five or sixty are the exception rather
than the rule.
We quote from General Upton's
report some interesting statistics on tne
subject showing what has been ac
complished in; .military : renown , i by.'
young t captains,' in the world s past:
history: . ". ' ' ' :
Philip of Macedon ascended the
throne at thirty-two, was the conqueror
of Greeoe at forty-five and died at
forty-seven. , "-t-
Alexander the Great . defeated the
celebrated Theban band att-Cheronea
before arriving at the age of eighteen,
ascended the throne at -. twenty, had
conquered the world at twenty-five,
and died at thirty-two. -,
Julius Caesar commanded a fleet be
fore Mitylene and distinguished him
self before the age -of twenty-two;
completed his first war in - Spain and
was made consul before the age of
forty; conquered Gaul, twice crossed
the iihine, and twice invaded . .Britain
before f the'age of forty-two ; fu wons the
battle of PharsaJia -and Obtained su
preme power at "fifty-two.- He died at
fifty-six; th' victor "of five hundred
battles and the conqueror of one thou
f '- Hannibal was made eommander-in-ehief
of " 'the Carthaginian army in
Spain at twenty-six, and had won all
his -great battles in Italy, concluding
with Cannae, at thirty -one. y. . ,
V ScJpio : African us v the., elder, distin
guished himself at the battle of Tioious
at , sixteen, and at twenty-nine over
threw the power or Carthage at Zama
Frederick the Great ascended the
throne at twenty-eight, terminated the
first Silesiah war at thirty, and thfe
second ! at" thirty-three. Ten years
later, with' a "population of but 5,000,-
000, " he triumphed 'over a league of
more than 100,000,000 of people. :
Cortes effected the conquest of Mexi
co and completed his military career
nerur-e tne age or mtriy-stx.
Piaarro completed the conquest of
Peru at thirty five and died at forty.
Lord Clive distinguished himself at
twenty two, attained his greatest fame
at thirty five, and died at fifty.
Wolfe was conquerer of Quebec at
Napoleon was a Major at twenty
fmir, ileneral of brigade at twenty-five,
and commander in-chief of the army
of Italy at twenty-six; achieved all
his victories and was finally overthrown
before the age of forty-four.
The Mississippi -
The dispatches tell us that the wa
ter's of the great river are subsiding
and tl.at the planters are making
great haste to get in their crops.
Unless the overflow has demoralized
labor and destroyed the means for
making a crop, there is no good rea
son why there should not yet be made
a bountiful harvest in the Mississippi
valley. There is time even in this
State to make preparations, plant and
cultivate a col ton crop; and farther
South, where the seasons are longer,
ample time yet remains for the cot
ton crop of 1882. And iustead of
couuting the oveiflow a total curse,
there may be found some good results
mixed with the evil in that the sedi
ment left by the turbid waters forms
NEW BERNE, N.
an excellent coat of manuie for the
Oaths of all Nations.
The Forms of Oatha In Foreign Legis
The following summary of the
forms of oath in use in foreign legis
lative assemblies is extracted from
the reports .received at the British
foreign ofjice in Now York.
Bavaria I swear So help me
God and His holy gospel.
Denmark I promise and swear
So help me God and His holy
Greece I swear in the name of the
holy and oonbubstaatial and indivisi
Hesse Darmstadt I
So help, me God. ...
w Saxe Cobnrg and Baden
-I 8 wear.
So help me God.
Holland 1 swear. So help me
Porlugal I swear oa the holy gos
pels. Prussia I swear by God, the al
mighty and omniscent So help
Saxony I swear by almighty God.
Servia I swear by one God and
with all that if? according to law most
sacred and in , this world ( lea. est.
So help me God in this and that
other world, h
Spain after swearing the deputy
on the gosoel, the president says:
"Then may God repay you; but, if
yon fail, may He claim it from you."
.Sweden and Norway I (president
or vice president only) swear before
God and His holy gospel I will
be faithful to this oath as sure as
God shall save my body and soul.
Switzerland in the presence of
Almighty God I swear So help
United States I do solemnly swear
So help me God.
In Bavaria, non-Christians omit
the reference to the gospel. In Hol
land and the United States, affirma
tion is optional. . In Prussia and in
Switzerland, affirmatiou is permitted
to those ' who 'object on religious
grounds to the oath. In Austria, a
promise is in every case substituted
for an oath. In Belgium and Italy,
the adjuration is used without any
theistic reference, and in France and
Rouniania, the j German Reichstag
and for deputies in Sweden and Nor
way, naither oath nor affirmation is
demanded. News & Observer.
, From our regular Correspondent.
Washington, D. C, Apr. 4 1882
The past week in Cou&rress has been
devoted 'largely to a discussion of the
tariff question. Mr. Carlisle made a
very powerful argument in favor of
the immediate and direct action on
the part of Congress. Mr. Kasson
conceded the necessity of the revision
or tariff duties, but advocates refei
ring the question to an extra legisla
tive body for investigation and report.
The reputation of both these cen tie-
men, and the ability with which they
discussd this great economical ques
tion, held the attention of the house
as it has not been held before, this
session. The debate was continued
throughout the week, perhaps the
most noteworthy speech being that of
Mrr' . jUnnueli, . who, deserting the
ground occupied by the Republican
partv, took the position that congress,
and congress alone, was competent
to act iu this matter. fJ Reviewing the
disasters which overtook the Demo
cratic party in the forty-fifth and for
ty sixth Congress, he attributed them
to the failui e of that party to redeem
its pledges to revise the tariff and he
warned hi; colleagues that the same
disasters would overtake them if they
shrink. this work.
The reduction of the public debt
by $16,462.47 for the month of
March is - the largest monthly reduc
tion, except that of last September,
that has been recorded for several
yearB. These enormous monthly re
ductions of the debt show, the healthy
condition ol ihe national fiuances and
the marvfeloua growth of national re
sources, but they do not fully show
the results that is being accomplish
ed, and it is only when the results of
a term of years are aggregated that
we can fully realize what has been
accomplished. In 1865 the interest
bearing debt was the greatest iu the
history of the country, viz: $2,381,
530,000 and the interest upon it
8151,000,000. The interest bearing
debt is now only $1,514,752,700, and
theaunnal interest about $61,!00,
000. This shows that within the last
sixteen years the bonded debt has
been reduced $866,787,000, effecting
thereby a saving of 890,000,000 per
year in interest. In the same period
there has been a reduction of the non
interest bearing debt of $163,377,000
making the total reduction since
1865, over oue billion of dollars !
The daily decrease since August 31,
1865, on which day the public debt
as averaged over!
$142,000. The total receipts
Treasury for the present month show
an increase over those of March, 1881,
of $4,3UO,000. It may be said with
out exaggeration that history does
not record a rinar.cial statement that
compare with that of the United
! States 8,,lce the war- b"
men captured the steasner Sallie' Freeze
at Raymond City last night and went to
Winfield, took a negro man, Joseph
Smith, out of jail and hanged him to a
tree early this morning. He had an
outrage two weeks ago on the wife of a
section hand on the Chesapeake & Ohio
Railway. The shock was so great that the
woman was reported dying last night.
Smith acknowledged his guilt.
0., APRIL 13, 1882.
Song of the Silent Land.
BY HENRY W. LOXflFELLOW.
Into the Silent Land,
Ah ! who shall lead m thither?
Clouds in the evening sky raorp darkly eat her.
And shattered wrecks lie thicker ou the strand.
Who leads lis with a gentle hand
Into the Silent Land ?
Into the Silent Land !
To you, ye bonndless regions
Of all perfection ! Tender morning vision
Of beanteons souls ! The Future's pledge
Who in life's battle firm doth'stand,
Shall bear Hope's tender blossoms
Into the Silent Land.
O, Land ! O, Land !
For all the broken-hearted
The mildest herald by our fate allotted,
Beckons and with inverted torch doth stand
To lead us with a geutle hand
To the lftna of the great Departed,
I nto the Sili.nt Land !
Sixteen Years After.
Wliy Lee Invaded tne North.
What Brought en the Battles of Get
How Fate Decided the Positions.
Historians of the war have seemed
determined to look upon Lees in
vasion of Pennsylvania as a cam
paign of retaliation, but such was far
from being the case. Two years of
bitter war and a close blockade had
commenced to tell heavily upon Con
federate resources. Recruiting . went
on slowly. Confederate money was
terribly depreciated, and the outlook
for the South was gloomy enough.
She would have been thankful indeed
for assurance that she could defend
her own soil, let alone invading the
North. It was a stragetic movement,
pure and simple The Federal army
was getting ready for a grand move
ment. Lee must either fight it be
tween the Rappahannock and Rich
mond or draw it away from Virginia.
It was easier to draw it away than to
fight it. There was an element in
the South that cried for- retalia
tion, but Gen. Lee did not consnlt
that element in laying his plans. By
a move northward he would threaten
Washington. That alone would
movo the Federal army concentrating
at Fredericksburg. It had been as
serted that Maryland needed only
the presence of the Confederate ban
ner to rally by the thousands. The
banner would be carried there, and
the recrnits would go to swell the
army of invasion. Lee could pene
trate Pennsylvania before the Fede
ral army could hrlt him. If it attack
ed hire he could choosse his own bat
tle ground. The sight of the Con
federate flags in the North would
csyuse intense excitement at home,
aud perhaps give the Southern gov
ernment the European recognition it
was longing for. The movement
was canvasr ed and discussed for long
weeks before a step was taken. Lee
could not hope that his progress
northward would be unopposed; but
he could hope to postpone the great
blow which the Federal government
was preparing to strike to upset the
plans of the Federal commanders.
He would be attacked in force sooner
or later. If he won, so much the
better. If he lost, he could fall
Lack, and would be no worse off than
losing a battle in Virginia
Milroy, at Winchester, was first to
feel the advance. Ewell rushed
through Chester Gap iuto the Shen
andoah, and was upon the Feder
als at Winchester almost before a
bugle sounded. His advance was tak
en for a raid by a flying column,
and Milroy prepared for battle. But
as brigade after brigade came tramp
ing up, he saw that he was iu for de
feat. The Confederates scarcely made
a halt before striking him. Columns
obliqued to the right or left to form
battle lines as they marched, and
when they attacked they were as
sured of victory. Milroy has been
charged with many ugly things, one
of which was in knowing more about
browbeating non-combatants than
handling soldiers, but it will always
be remembered by friend and foe
alike that he did not leave Winches
ter that day without a tight. He was
in the same situation that Banks was
at Strasburg the year before, but un
like Banks he did not show his heels
until obliged to. He bad five to oue
opposed to hi iit. and yet he did not
give way until pushed wiih the bay
onet. When he did go it was a hel
ter-skelter to avoid a force already ou
his flank, and Milroy an1 staff were
first at the Potomac, leaving over
3.000 prisoners and n arly ail bis ar-
(illery in the hands of the Confeder
ates. Lee had planned this very
move among a dozen others. He
did not want the prisoners, but be
wanted the 6,000 muskets and the
four batteries of artillery and the
train-load of ammunition and sup
plies which tell into his hands and
were used against the Federals all
through that campaign.
A LONG ANIMAL.
-, ,- ....
i over inmojf anu nan uunniug iui iuhi
in the: .1. .i. tT7..i.
ymuu luui inu uf n icoiutu obiii-
iugton. Lincoln realized what it
meant. Taking down the m.tp he
saw that Lee's army was scattered
over :i froiit of more than seventy-
R rrn a-k.ilfi.Ci art il lit lWOltlitl I VQ Q O
; Hooker8 flank!l He a,8), Baw hat
i an attack would break that front at
I . . T .
any point ana cut Jjee in two, ana n
was this that caused his famous dis-
patch to Hooker, asking1 him
could not break the lonjr, slim aui-
mal poinewbere. Hooker could have
done it but the hue and cry about
pivtpcting Washington brought him
orders to fall back.
Ewell had not yet reached the Po
tomac when the head of Longstreet's
. . pa ieiitvd in Winchester. With
I a liii) tun! Heady tramp they pushed
ou, bcuice.) halting to prepare their
mealtt. The iuvasion once begun
; ilit re must be no lagging. Hooker
: was alieady falling back from in
j front of Fredericksburg,' and ere long
jEwell would need support. "Long
! street att only out of the way when
A. P. Hill xwung in behind him from
; Fieder ckulmrg, aud the; tne grand
movement was unfolded to all. A
thousand K. deral cavalry could have
passed from the Rappahannock to
j Richmond, but the Federal Govern
j ment no longer cared for the capture
j if that city. Washington, Baltimore,
i and other great Northern cities were
!of more conveqaeuce aud iu more
TOO MUCH FOB HIS HEAD.
EweU's cavalry had already
reached Chambersburg, : PaM before
Hooker would credit Lee with the in
t teution of invading the North. - While
j lie 1 ad iiivHued while one corps was
already in the Keystone State, a ' sec
ond hMgieuing through -Maryland,
and the head of a third tramping
down the Shenandoah and headed for
lh Potomac. Houker sent a cavalry
force and Htmck the on federates at
Ash by 'a Gap. It was only then that
he realized that Lee's whole - army
was moving. He had all along flat
tered hinntelf that Lee was making a
feint at Maryland to rover some move
on the other Federal flank. He had
once tried the plan of getting behind
Lee to draw him oat, but Jackson had
got behind. him, with serious results.
Lte was now retaliating. ., This much
for Hooker. He was lutmpered and
handicapped in a dozen ways. ' Each
day brought hint suggestions and in
structions from the citizens at the
bead of the government, who knew
so little of war that they .could not
have put a Vq dad of men through the
simplest ' maneuver. Everything
must be sacrificed to protect Wash
ington. - ; W hen McClellan followed
Lee in 1862 he had no control over
the force at Harper's Ferry, and
Jackson 8 wept it away. ' When Hook
6r started to follow Lee in ' 1863, he
found the' same queer state of affairs.
TheHwo full brigades there were or
dered j to. join .his1 force.. Halleck
ecountermauded the order. Hooker
moved when he realized Lee's plans
moved with amazing celerity, bnt
he had offended Halleck. The Fed
eral army was' massed iu "Maryland.
everything in band and in the best
shape to follow Lee, when Hooker's
head came under the ax. As the
commander of a grand army he had
met with ill-luck at every move, but
who can say how much of this wis
the fault of the well-meaning but un-
military President, and the jealous-
minded, overbearing and blockheaded
citizens wno nad innnenoeT As a
hard fighter Hooker had no aa
TOWARDS THE SUSQUEHANNA.
While Longstreet and Hill halted
at Chambersburgh to see what steps
the Federal army now under Meade
would take, Ewell pushed on for the
Smquehanna River. He had long
passed Carlisle he would cave been
in the suburbs of Harriaburgh in
another day, when be was recalled
Meade wus moving. Lee was to be
attacked. When the order was vent
to Ewell to fall back no man knew
where the battle was to be fought,
but a battle was to come somewhere
and all realized it. Meade was com
ing up l-ee was planning. If Hook
er had been puzzled when Lee began
his movement, Lee was now puzzled
to know what Meade intended. The
intention wan to cut his line of com
raunication and then fall upon him
with all force, and Ins moving to
checkmate this plan brought both Arm
ies face to face at Gettysburg. Prison
ers capture.! by the rederal cavalry
reported that Lee had ordered his
three cors to concentrate east of the
mountains, and Meade at once has
tened his advance in the direction of
Gettysburg. Buford was first in
with his cavalry, and he found Hill'i
infantry already on the ground. The
First Corps hastened up as the roar
of battle reached them afar down the
dusty Foad, and an hour before noon
the hills of Gettysburg were shaking
under the steady crash of musketry
and the oellowing of artillery.
NOT A CHOSEN FIELD.
No one battle of the war has been
the subject ot bo much acrimonious
debate and stubborn dispute, and yet
friend and foe have ever agreed on
one thing that Gettysburg was not
willingly chosen by either side aa
great battle-ground. Meade moved
to cut Lee's communications Lee
pushed Hill forward to prevent. As
Hill's men poured through the moun
tain gap on the Lashtown road Bu
ford's cavalry were coming up. Fed
eral and Confederate had found each
other a fight was the natural result.
The Frst Corps came up Hill
brought his last man into action. A
single shot from a Federal trooper's
carbine had brought on a conflict
which was to invohe 200,000 men in
a whirlwind of flame and mnke and
death. From noon until 2 o'clock
Hill's corps stood up against the two
Federal Corps, giving ground here
gaining ground there, and at one
point having three entire regiments
captured at a dash. Ewell was com
ing he was there before 3 o'clock.
He sent two divisions into the fight,
and Howard was flanked both right
and left. There was nothing to do
but fall back, and right gallantly did
his men contest every foot of ground.
; Howard's heaviest artillery bad been
j left on Cemetery Ridge as he passed
through the town to attac't Hill. This
; precaution saved it, and his com
mand as well, no fierce was the
Confederate attack when Ewell got
into position that the gun would
doubtless have been captured. As
Term $Q.OO Per VeAr.
Howard was pushed back through
the town this artillery was let loose
upon the Confederate pursuit, and
that pursuit was checked. Howard
fell back behind his guns and would
not yield another inch. He thus, al
most by accident, selected the Feder
al position for the fighting to ' come.
When night fell Howard and Hill
confronted each other both waiting.
They were out two cards iu the great
game being played. The band of:
destiny was to deal them out no one
could say who would win.
"ON TO GETTYSBURG. . .
Meade and Lee were sepal ated by;
the mountains, but they moved as if
one voice had issued orders to both.
Each knew what had transpired at
Gettysburg each pushed forward to
be there on the morrow, lhey were
marching under the hot afternoon sun
when night fell when the . stars
came out when midnight cast its
grim shadows upon mountain and
valley. The Federal position bad
been selected by accident; Lee must
search for ms. Through the gloom
the lines in gray hurried on-throngh
the gloom the lines in blue pressed
forward. Gettysburg had been
sprinkled with . blood Fate had
waved its gory hand and the shadow
had been seen against the summer
sky twenty-five miles away.
No man could have been persuad
ed 90 the 1st of July that Ewell'a
failure to drive Howard beyond Uem,
etary Ridge was to defeat Lee , two
days after, yet such was the case He
had orders from Loe to be cautious.
Repulsing Howard's attack and driv
ing him beyond Gettysburg was as
far as he dared go under, orders re
ceived. A part of his corps had hot
fired a gun to accomplish this, ' Had
he brought up his whole command
and hurled it upon Howard at sun
down he must have earned the b ed
eral position. With Lee on . Ceme.
tery Ridge, and holding the key hills,
Meade would, not have attacked him.
Had Ewell gone beyond his orders
Gettysburg would have scarce! been
mentioned in history, but be obeyed
the letter and the spirit,, and
- NOTHING DECIDED. .
That first day's fight decided 4i0th-
ing. xne gallant iteynoias nan
been killed and Howard - bad been
driven. Each side had -captured
about the same number ot prisoners,
and the loss in killed and wounded
was an offset. Howard had taken a
strong position Ewell was satisfied
to leave mm mere ior me nigu.. xue
. 1 . , . .1 .1. l mi
camp fires of Federal and' Con feder
ate twinkled in the summer evening,
and the wounded men who could
crawl, dragged themselves -to Wil-
lourhbv Run in search of water. At
ten o'clock there was scarcely a sound
to tell men that war had raged across
those fields. In the ripening wheat
where the pickets lay . hidden 'the
crickets chirped without fear, and in
the tall grass ready for the scythe
one heard the, whirr of insects as
thev sailed about. What would the
morrow bring ?
MAKING THE BEST OF IT.
Meade had sent Hancock forward
to insoect the Federal position and
pronounce upon it Hancock's "re'
port as to its strength brought orders
to mass the army there. One of the
Federal corps was thirty miles away,
but when the order came the march
was begun and no man rested until
the lines swung into osition at Get
tysburg. Lee bad sent forward to
learn of the fight, and Ewell s report
hurried up Longstreet. The choice
of positions had gone to the Federals.
Lee must take the poorer one and
make the beet of it. He has been
censured for not retreating. During
the night of the 1st of Jul v Lwell and
Hill could have fallen back without
molestation, and before noon next
day the whole Confederate army
could have been massed. But he did
not know until the morning of the 2d
the real strength of Meade's position.
He could not know that Meade would
be able to bring his whole army up
before the Confederate attack. There
had been no close inspection of the
ground by Ewell or Hill, aud their
reports go to show that tbey deemed
the Confederate position the most ad
vantageous. SO THE NIGHT WORE ON,
And the wemen and children of Get
tysburg beard no sounds to break
their slumbers. Half a regiment of
Confederates could have crept out in
the darkness and seixed Round Top
and intrenched themselves there.
The other half could have taken pos
session of Chip's Hill without firing
a shot. Those were the keys of the
Federal position, and yet they were
unguarded. Next morning it was
too late. When the eyes of the Con
federates turned that way Federal
bayonets glittered among the thick
ets. Detroit Free Press. M. Quad.
Petersburg, April 7. The semi
annual report of the tobacco inspectors
of this city shows the sales of loom
tobacco from the different warehouses
from October 1st, 18X1. to April 1st.
1882, to have been 3,'.M5.H1(! jwiunds, an
excess of 103,776 Hunds over the sales
of last year. This tobacco sold at an
average price of 85. 50 per hundred
weight. There were insx-cted iu the
different warehouses during the p:ist
six months 2.338 hogsheads; one hun
dred and fourfeen hogsheads loss than
were opened during the corresponding
period last year. ,
Charlottsvii.e, April 7. Win. W.
Baker, Esq., who was ajoiuted by
Thomas Jefferson as Secretary of the
Faculty, and Librarian of the Universi
ty of Virginia in the year 1825, and who
tilled that office ever since, died hist
night, at his residence in the 85th year
of his age. His appointment to orlice
began in the year of the establishment
of the University by Mr. Jefferson; anil
he fillel that position with great fidelity
and universal satisfaction.
NEW- BERNE JUL
f . , -r RATES OF ADVKKTl
Oeslaeh aa -fli...ji...
" TJLH btlOBtllJ.....
i f ' UirM moo tut...... -
Quarter column on wwk
w month ........
'" om j-r.
Half cold-na os wk........
" os month
' " on jrcr....-i........-
On column on wf..
" on moatb ........
'"' ' on yaru.'..i...
S3T1 OoatrseU lor sdrartUinv t r s
or Urn may b nad at 1h offl of the N
Bkmbb Jocbkal, In tb Brick Block, Cr"
Street, Wow Bern. North Carolina.
' FROM ALL PARTS OF THE WOU J.
Reported Exprea1 for New Brne Jowouil.
'.; TatNNKSSEH. .,
New Yobk, April 8. The ITeml.l'
Nashville special says: It is rnernny
anderstood in legislative circl H th-.ii
the State's creditors will prem-nt a projo
sition next week to settle the!U.r f
Tennessee by the new issue of Ixm.U of
the basis of sixty per cent, of ti n in
debtedness. - The Chairman of the i: ut
Democratic Committee said too a y ; 1 1 t
he believed that 'such a roiH.iuwii
would be accepted. -
' ' '. . LOt7ISIA.lt A .,'
New Orleans, AprQ 7. A Ti -
Democrat Morgan City (ipecial says: The
situation here is fat "becominsr dj
rate. The water continues to rie Mow
ly, the current through the street run
ning at -least five miles 'an hour.. In
many places it in auiicuit to nuinito
boats. A. large schooner is now an
chored on' Second street. Tho watrr
from the swamp is corauig in tnroiu
the rear of the city in a perfect torrent.
Everybody that can get away is dwinj
so, ' A steamer took over one hundred
to-day.. She went to PUuruemine to
connect with the New Orleuna l'aciitc
New Orleans. April 7. The graven
of the Confederate dead, were drorat-l
yesterday, and interenting cere'; iniin
held at the Confederate mormon .t in
Greenwood Cemetery. Three lurui,omo
floral offerings were made by Uener&i
Badsrer. Captain Woodward and t!ers
on behalf of the Grand Army of tho U
public one to the Ladiea' Monumental
Association, one to the wasmnFton Ar
tillery, and one to the Army of Northern
Virginia.'- ' ' ' ' ' '
The anil Is here have cooho1 cniKinnjr
cotton, on account of .the demand for
planting. , ' .
JNEW ORLEANS. Apra B. A f eeial
dated yesterday from Morp-an t ityto
the 2V-iDcmocraf says: The ouU'k
is regarded i as more cheerful. Th
Water has only risen ten inrhe in tho
past ' twenty-four hours. ' The water
slacked up at about a o'clock p. m, n.i
there was no rise after that hour. The
gauge now stands 87 inches above lht
floodof 1874. '
Later The. Mississippi, river is fall
ing, and is now fourteen Indies below
the flood of 1874, and nine inrhen below
the highest point this seanon. The water
bas Xallen fax teen inches in tne 1 ciiww
and over a foot in Black river, un l fif
teen inches at Vidalia, although Oi
town is still under water from one t
four f eet. . The waters of Lufourehe and
Upper Tensas are falling slowly, lotions
Bufticient for fifteen days have len
shipped td all points filing application.
w . . , .,,.roisoi'Bi. . ;
St. Lodfl, April 8. Jacob Bolios, ar
rested here a few days since as old man
Bender, is not that person but a well
knpwn citizen of Fort Scott, and he hun
been released. ;'.'..'..
, 'r.V,:-. OHIO. ' .
CrJTCliraATL April 8.A Memphis d !
patch to the Timet-Star says the Urand
Jury last night found indictment for
involuntary manslaughter apaint-t ("apt.
S. Y. Mc In tire and mates Doc Houduruut
and J. C. Hull of the burned steamer
- Cincinnati, April 7.-At 12:45 th in
morning an alarm of fire was sounded,
which was discovered in the roof rdove
the altar of St. Zarier's Roman Catholic
Church, on Sycamore street. Every
thing of a combustible nature aKmt t i
building was bunted, and only the, -.vail
and tower remain standing, and they
are badly shattered. The churth 1
longed.to the Society of Jesuits. The
building , and . connections oont nearly
J150.000; insurance about $20,000. How
the fire originated is a matter of conjec
ture. . . ... '..( .,(!?.; ..
TEXAS, " . ' '
OALVESTOif, April ,8. Lfcut ntr;ht a
passenger train on the Gulf, California
& Santa Fe Railroad was borer ded
near Blount Station, Hill county, by
five unmasked men, and the paMMmgem
robbed, . . - . ' "
Milwaukee April 7.- -Considerable
excitement was created this afternoon
by the fact that the workmen In tho
factories which don't employ union men
received an anonymous communication
with a rough engraving of a skull and
cross bones, and over the representa
tion the word "scab. V The communi
cation is considered as threatelfK
ooauy itarm w nuu-uuivu mru.r j ,
PPSSSYLVASLA. ut . , '
Reapino, ' April 7. The ' accounts of
Adam M. Dundere, f ex-county treas
urer of this county are short about
$30,000, of which amount f 23,000 is due
the State for taxes and mercantila li
censes, and $3,200 due the- oounty for
taxes, When Dundere retired from of
fice his defalcation amounted to $50,000,
but $20,000 was returned to cover a por
tion of the deficiency in the county ac
counts. The bondsmen of Dundere have
been notified, and will pay the loss. Tha
cause assigned for the defalcation' is
guilty speculation.- ' .1
Toronto, April 7. Ths Trunk Rail
road authorities refuse .further con
ferenoe with the striking freight men, '
oh kan otv1atm1 "immadiatfl t-aVment f
and diHrniaaal of the Stalkers. ' .,'
The female shoe operatives are still
out, but a new bill of prices- was sub-
nutted last night night which UJikely I
to prove aaiituaciory. jm. - r( . .
KKW YORK. y . -,r
New York, April 7. -In the cane of
Franklin J. Moaes, ' ex-Governor of
South Carolina, indicted for obtainine
money by false pretenses, which was on
Recorder Smith's calendar" in the Gen
eral Sessions Court yesterday, the coun
sel for the accused asked for the ad-
journment of the case. - n - '
Assistant District Attorney Fellows
said that he would willingly consent.
"I dont think: vour honor." said Col.
Fellow s, "tlatl could try this .am im
partially, as I myself am one ofthe vic
tims of misplaced confidence in JMoaea.
Under these cinrumstanotw, I think the
case should be transferred t .another
part of the court." r.
The case was then sent before. Judge
Cowan, and set-down for trial on the
Uth. . ; .
Washington, April 7. Weatern des
iwtohes report severe tornadoes j-ea-terday
at different points Of Kanaaa arid
Michigan, attended by some remarkable
evidences of the power of the , wind.
Houses were demolished in many plaoett
in Kansas, Illinoia and Wiohigan, and.
lives were lost in all there States.