North Carolina Newspapers

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' FAliort ' and, 'Proprietors.
tbk nr scrBsr-MPTiON :
Dmi Ysr,
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100
V Xaciatr&teaBlimka Jwja oa kui
NEW BERNE ADVERTISEMENTS.
ci:.::,:ons a HAimr.
Opposite Oastom Boaan, New Borer,
N.O.
TTjrtX. FBACncXilN-THEiSTATa! AND
V I Femoral Court and regularly attend all am
.atons of the Conrta in - U IbUowinr ownU :
!ti, drtrret, - PmmtK-o. . Joom, Onslow,
Lenoir. '-- . - - - " fMar. ao-w-lj.
OENEU All MERCHANDISE
cast. 12722 AcccJoasAiraal"
f i SHALL PROFITS AND QUICK SALES.
;" WnOLKSALJS KKTAll
(J ROGERS
Comer Ercad and Queen Streets
S'" : - ' , .,Mar. 30, 1 jw.'.
D.
f "EnCHAnt TAILDR.
r
. ..
old
i
T A N Di
V j ' New Berne, N. C. 3
jfar. 30, em
i Ci .t i i'-'L ' ' .
MllBLE W0
I.X0NUT.1ENT3, TOMBS,
i ALL KPS GRAVE lNI BtJiLTl-
f; 1sixG work rk . v - -ITILL
,.if.. LAn2LE
iers will receive prompt attention
and satisfaction guaranteed.
JOE K. WILLIS;
Proprietor,
(fkiocpfiaor to Oeorge W.. Clajpoole) ;
, . Cot BSOAD & -CBAVEN. Sts.V".:;:
X ; IJ Kew BerneNie
juar. vsy, i y
r LABaK.T ANI OLtXST
- i
';,vINt.T.II ErCIT Y
JCet pB always In Stock iu l arge
pdiriif noxa clears.
fLoU in UGA If , COFFEE.
8YUUP; MOLASSESRALTetc
ImSariiaj M ill Sniff,
9 O
DRVGObDff, BOOTS. 6c
1 '
Arbucklesi Aribsa Roasted
; CRACS:ERSSAno CAKES
iri re at Tariety. - -J. .
A larro Stock of
f.--i 7V
NOTIONS and HOSIEitr
-H!esalebn;y large
CTpCK and the Lowes't prices.
" Don't fail toT see me 'before you buy
' St Vev Send, tf. a
Mew
J. W. HARPER,
H. 8. SI NN,
Proprletomi.
VOL. V
The Match Tax.
The tax on matches is one of the
moat onerons of the hardens of the
Internal Revenue system, in that it
is ar article of necessity and falh up
on the poor equally with the lich, the
tax being about three times the cost
of the matches. Kw snch a tax
grinds the poor is visible in the fig
ures of the leceipts of the Treasury
from it, which were mure than $3,
606,000 for the fiscal year 1881.
It is a tax against the poor man in
another respect. It serves to prohib
it him from manufacturing the article,
for the tax must be paid by stamps
stuck upon every bundle before its
sale. j. Such a business cannot be ctr
rird OB by anyone who does not com
maud anextraordinary amount of
cash ! capital in addition to the snm
invested in machinery and material,
The result is that the tax has driven
this branch f manufacture-, into the
control of a few monopolists, who are
interested to maintain it in order to
Hnrivent the competition which would
arise.frooi throwing the business open j
td ftersons ' who possess little capital.
borne cnance m xne xnieruai iveve-
nu'e system is a necessity -even if it is
agreed tbat.it should not be entirely
anoiisueu. -r.,.,,-,
JLoyr Can They Get It 1
" The great agitators Jor woman suf
frage live in, Massachusetts, Every
vjHutef ihej assail i h& Legislature for
m:ore ights.T M hey' have seenred far
better,' facilities for education, more
equitable laws as to property and the
guardianship of children. They
have suffrage in school matters, and
they; want equal suffrage at the ballot
box Tbe question remains; will they
ever get it and how?
V "The majority ;f women in the
counti y do uot ; want the - ballot."
There is great force in this statement,
ami ;il 4b just there the difficulty
cctnea in for the female suffrage agi
tator. It is an undoubted fact that
the majority have not yet atked for
the ballot It seems to be taken for
granted that when a a;ajoxity of the
women do ask, they, will be permitted
to vote.' It is uot quite certain that
men would yield and give the ballot
to women, even when they all ask it;
but it is more than likely they would.
; But the fact is, that in providing
for mate suffrage, men have not wait
ed to be asked. -They have passed
laws allowing' foreign-born men to be-
-come voters, even tnougn not nan
avail .themselves 7f , the privilege.
The cen8USf.hows, thntofthe foreign
ers permitted by law to become citi
zens ; and voters in v Massachusetts,
when tb is suffrage question is so
fiercely agitated, 70.000 have been
naturalized and -i 80,000 have-: not.
But the right lasts whether they avail
themselves of it or not. '
But women must fight to win the
pi ije. J They - must show that they
care enough abont it to ask for it.
So the. work of the reformers must
be directed to educating women up to
comprehending the value of a vote;
and iir, that very assertion lies .the
weakness of -the so called r forru
movement. Jf there was any inher
ent: tight to and nect6ity for wo
man's vole, there would bo no need
to talk a- out educating her up to the
standaid t f demanding it. Women
do not ft el the ned of a vote; nor
have lhy a lively tympathy for the
a&itators of this subject.
The 'Era of Spoils.
5:TbV-i-rtihtry " is pr terous and the
nxti'timl "Jtrvasu'ry iHlU'and a Vetutn
f iiKrf!'si-al jbWv aiul division
:f. 4pouV i i ,; l t'preli ndeL It is
r-f-t ; - it u ,i,'et ., 1 n vf j 1 ! :: un I w-t
Hav II leu orgnnjzfti it ter
vstj.T i iinbsidif and that R.i on.
GrhmV f!iu us ( J ) S i-rt'tarj of the
-Navy: has the full c cind of the
jttak-r'K it.fidence and in ten fis.
Wiih a snr j Ins of nearly $2 .n.ti00,.
tH) i band the Government is beset
oil-! all . ndec., .ltb after job: and
!chiie. after hebt-uie is being prt tsed j
with' - hungry audacity. The old
ring are s I ting up their trans with
lhe iiitrtasetl avidity causetl by sever
1 ye. r. of exclusion.
.-' Tb- Bhip vauul ucro:s the Isihinus
of Tt tiUaiitf -ec abks for fifty tnilliuns
ofiduTl-trs and committee; has re
ported that it bhonld have it. The
claim agents have footed wp over four
hundred millions for arrearagesof pen
sion alone and have laid the founda
tion for a thousand millions more.
The friends of all soiU of internal
improvements for impossible stream?
with improbable surroundings are
ci morons fur sixty millions more.
Bills for public buildings all over the
country, no matter how small the
town or how scant the population,
crowd the calendar and clamor fori
lavish recognition. Robeson asks for
ten millions dollars lo begin a na
vy. which means the boring of a hole
t!i rough which one hundred millions
may escape. The Indian supply De
partment is to be increased to the
sum of seven million. A new Con
gressional library is to he built at the
cost of four millions. Milions more
are aAed for in order that "the river
front and flats of the Potomac may
De improved; anu so me cry goes
" ous i unions i
nuuureua uuu luousauuu re never
neara or. no joooer ever areams ot
laHHHjj u.lucl ,.mi.-M.
WE'.le mere is macn gooa aesirad .
j to be accomplished in many of these
! appropriations, yet it is easy to see
j that an era of spoils is anticipated. '
i Tb,e jobbers are ready; they have in
nuenwii uienas in cnargo oi me , uovernmeut lnio oeen called into re-wire-pulling,
and only the sturdy qnisition to put down one of these
good sense and stern integrity of hon-' evils, the other goes on unchecked in
est Congressmen can save the coun- its profligacy and corruption. It is
try from a repetition of Credit Mobil-i high time such a blot should be re-
ier and like disgraces of the past.
The Mississippi.
The recent great floods in the: lower
Mississippi, which submerged a large
portion of the most productive land
in those States, and carried untold
privation, suffering and death among
a Kpulatiou larger than that of some
entire States is a matter demanding
the attention of the statesmen and
law makers of our nation.
The frt qnency of disastrons overflows
of the Mississippi, and the magnitude
of tle resnlt invest the subject with
in importance which deserves consid
eration by Congress. The main
artery of trade and commerce, afford
ing a natural outlet for the products
of a dozen States, and an inlit for
large importations, its improvement
is essential, even if considered in a
purely material point Jof view. A
hundred thousand lives were sacri
ficed, an.d five hundred millions of
treasure expended in a contest for
the control of this mighty stream,
which unchecked, is far more pow
erful for destruction than contending
armies.
There is also a higher and broader
duty than that of fostering trade,
which the United States owes to its
citizens. That duty is to protect
them by all practical methods from
the destructive power of the elements.
This duty the general government
has recognized by the erection of
lighthouses and establishment of bar
bors of refuge along the thirteen
thousand miles of sea coast, and of
signal service stations throughout the
country. Scientific safeguards are
thus thrown around the lives as well
as the property of all.
The waters of half a continent fall
into the Mississippi, and their perma
nent control by a comprehensive sys
tem is of vital importance to millions
of people. Such a system can be
adopted and carried out only by the
general government. States may do
and have done something towards
self protection but a century of ex
perience in isolated efforts to secure
safety shows nothing but failure. 'J he
strong and generous hand of a rich
and powerful nation should be put to
the work of speedy and absolute pro
tection. The work is a grand one
and in no sense local. When it shall
be completed transports laden with
government rations, to supply the
starving refuges from fifty thousand
square miles of flooded lands, will not
again be needed.
Mormonism.
Utah, the blot on American civili
zation, is stretching out its arms and
profeelytiug even iu North Carolina.
The, doctriue-of polygamy,- which is
offensive to good morals, and which
is in violation of the laws of the laud,
has there been elevated, in the minds
jf a large majority of the people, into
religious duty.
Polygamy the having more than
oue wile listed n doubt in the
early days of the race. Judging
from the records that have. Come
down to us, it was the constant cause
of alienations and bittercess, and did
not conduce to the interests of the
family, or to the best developmen tof
the people who practiced it.
True to a higher instinct, modern
civilization condemns it. There is
not to-day a country on the globe,
win re the people have risen above
the level of baibaiian?, in wbich it is
tolerated. Yet the people of Utah
hold to the custom and practice of
polygamy in defiance of morality, of
iiiiiversal public sentiment, and of the
laws of the land.
The case is more perplexing, ht-
aine the population tf the Tcnitory
nnv large enough to entitle i 10
ihii8Mou as a State. Should itf be
admitted bv ('outness, it would be
jj'l'it-t-d beyond the reach ol the law
against o;ygamj, wntcn is in ti.rce
i-hlv in the Territories; for Congress
cannot pass a law to abolish polyg
amy in a State. In this as well as
in some other matters the doctrine of
"Slate Rights' occurs, ami the Slate
is independent of 1 he. national govern
ment. Oj the other hand, the territoiy of
Utah U so populous that loiigtr gov
janmei.t of tha community tmni
Washington is difficult. In spite id
all th.it can be done the law agaiuet
polygamy is not enforced. The Mor
mon inhabitants make disobedience
cf it a point of conscience and a reii"-
ious obligation.
It ought to be clearly undeistood !
that the Government has no ouai i-pl
witn mormons as a
leliwi US bodv. I
r . i i . w
ii fiifH nnr tinri rtamtM . . . , . ...;u
mons
...1. luinicic ilo
any mans religious faith. But pc
lygamy is not apart of Mormonism
proper, and it could uot be tolerated
if it were. There is a sect, of Mor-im.n
having a more extensive mem-'tn
bership both East and West than j chew cloves for his infirmity."
most people suppose, which sets its "I'll do it."
face strongly against the immoral and "That's all. Simply ask the ques
lllegal practice. tion and pi liand yo(, t,e cash."
It a religious sect were to spring j The tramp went his way, and the
up and teach that lying, stealing and , citizen took hs station on a street
mumenng were not Bins, the liovern-
ment would siy, Believe what you 1
please; but if you steal, you must
make the acquaintance of the j lilor,
and pass a certain season behind iron
bais. What the instinct of most men
condemns as offensive to good morals, !
ana wliat modern society pronounces
to be inconsistent with its safety and
goou oruer, must ue prohibited and
prevented.
The late Mr. Sumner called slavery
and polygamy "twip reljcs of barba" :
risni." The term wa& justly applied;
and wkile the strong arm of the
migred from our land.
ERNE
Independent in
NEW BERNE, N.
The Lime-Kiln Club -
The blowirg of noses in the north
west corner of Paradise Hall finally
came to an nd, and when Trustee
Pullback had flung his whole soul into
one grand effort to cough his head
off, and failed. Brother Gardner arose
and suid:
'My kentrymen, when you meet a
man who knows just whar he kin bor
roy a dollai who has friends in hoaf
political parties who gits invitations
to all cnurcii lesuvais wno am gin-1
erally spoken of as a good feller, 3011 j
have foun' a man who makes a study j
of human natur'. De student of!
anatomy carves up a cadaver to dis
kiver hi w de bones am put togedder
whar' de muscles lie how de vital
organs a to nailed on. De good feller
studies de livin 'stead of de dead de
mind 'stead of the body. De human
mind am full o' co'ns. Tread on one
of 'em an dar' am a back-aekshun to
once. If I should want a five dollab
bill airly Monday niornin' I should
slip over an' ax' Deakun Jackson for
it. His big co'n am de belief dat no
one kin be saved onless he am bap
tized in de riber, and I have bin keer-
ful to walk all aroun' dat co'n. I go
ober to his house w id a jug o' cider
in one hau' an' baptismal argyments
in de odder, an' sometimes he feels
bo good dat he'd like to douse me in
the rain bar'l.
'If 1 wanted some onion sets I'd go
ober to Elder Tiffs. De Elder's co'n
am a belief dat ' he was bo'n fur a
great preacher. I've walked all ober
him a hundred times, but 1 ze neber
stubbed my toe agin duo co'n. I've
sot down with him an' praised de
build of his head, an' de shape of his
mouth an' his pose and gestures, and
I'ze stuck to de clia'r while he talked
an' cavorted fur a straight hour. If
I wanted onions he'd fall down cellar
to git 'em fur me.
'When you come across a man who
imagines dat he am an orator, doan'
gibe his booms; it won't hurt anybody
to let him keep right on finkin' so,
but it will make him your deadly ine
my if you try to conwince him dat he
was cut out fur a blacksmif. Dar'
am people who write stuff an' call it
poetry, lze gotanaybur who writ
forty-four varsesofsich stuff las' fall,
an' read it to me an' axed my candid
opinyun. Did I tell her it was bosh?
Did I jump frew de winder when she
reached de second varse ? Not much I
I listened wid de utmos' diligence, an'
when she finished de las' line I ad
vised her to publish a book o' poems.
Denex' week I fell sick, an' dat poet
ess was fust on degroun wid chicken
broth an' currant jelly,
'When I meet a man who has made
up his mind dat our city guv'ment
will go to smash if he doan't git office,
I iucourage him. I incourage de
young to become Washington's
I iucourage de ole to hang
on till de world has to recognize deir
grea;Dess. A word at de right time
means de loan of a dollah means
thirty off when you want a new white
wash brush means a bushel o' lime
free gratis means a recommend it
you want tojine de purleece fo'ce.
Tech my co'ns an I'll want to kick
ye. All men am de same. Call 'em
co'ns or call 'em hobbies, but he who
goes slashing around wid out caiin'
whar' he puts his feet will make twen
ty inemies whar' be gains one friend.
Study your man. Take him apart
put him togeder fin' out whar' his
co'ns lay, an' den step high an' softly.
Let uh now irregulale to bizness.
Detroit Free Press. -
The Wrong Intiiiniij.
Tn h "prtniii Mi-huAtLviHn.jp theVf-!
lived, a decade since, a 'Inan' known I
no .TnlrA filiukcAn Vi vtm !
memliej ofivis having soiyed in any
cajacity tp'gain the title, but he 'ac
quired iCSoqjeh'ow, and had dignity
enough for4 a wliele supreme bench.
The Judgf yvjis-'iin eccentric citizen,
well liked; but lie had a tenihly had
breath. No ote" wmld ride with him,
few could talk with him, and every
n VUaaru LjflalLraUUiJ- lllt lUIIIW a. J I
body wondered why he didn l eat
n.,nn ft.r a ..K..nn X'..
viiiviu i t v ua X' wuc iiau iviio
courage to mention the matter , and
yet something must be done r the
Judg: would bou ostracised. In thif
emergency a ong came one ol' the
first tramps ever seen in the Stale
At the first house where he called for
a bite the man called him in aiid
Said:
"My friend, are you a brave
man?"
"Well, 1 never took a back seat
vpf
n ,.,nf ao t"
'TrTmsnriKP "
"very wen. lou see tnat wmte
: building beside the postoffice ? Go
j up stairs, urn to the left, and you
; will find a red faced, bald-headed
i.)l&l Vht T nt
..tt n -t .
n tn t u i,o dnpen'f
corner. He saw the brave man
up, and he saw hira come down.
go
He
went up gracefully enough, but when
he came down he bumped every p-
rate stair, arid as he gathered hitn-
splf mint Ka Ix.lli m hnivt lif'tpd
him clear into the gutter
Ho start
ed for the river on a dead ruu, and
ruu,
never stopped for half a
mile,
and
Then
the citizen overtook him
islipd;
"Well, wa.3 tb,
Judge in ?"
"He was!"
''Anil you put the question"
"Don't I look as if I did? S.ty,
what infirmity has he got ?'
"A bad breath."
"The d 1! What a fool I was!
Why, I thought his infinnity was in
his feet, ami when he gave me that
first lift I waa so taken back that he
got in two left-handers on my jaw be
all Things.
C, APRIL 20, 1882.
! fore I began to fall ! Two dollars,!
1 why, I'm damaged to the extent of
: two millions !" Detroit Free Press. '
HUGGED.
I Old Eph Sewell. who ns a suake-
i charmer ued to he one of the attrac-
tions of Rarnnm's Museum, related
j to a New York reporter the incidents !
i ui a lamous ngiu ne once nan witn a
I boa-constrictor. Eoh had charge of
l a cage of reptiles, and used to go into
a O
tue cage and Me down with the snakes,
He Said:
On one occasion, I introduced myself
to the largest boa-constrictor ever
brought to this country. He was eigh
teen feet in length, ami weighed over
three hundred pounds. He had been
in the country two weeks, and Barntim
was obliged to pay a good price for
him. t
When I went into the cage I saw
that he had become monarch of the
concern. The remaining snakes were
assubm.ssive as mice, an'l when they
crawled over to greet me his lordship
looked wicked.
I caught him in my arms, and be
reared his head until it rested upon
my left shoulder. Lifting him as
much as possibile, 1 passed him aroud
my body, and he apparently imagined
that he was embracing a tree in his
native jungle.
He tightined his coil, and a feeling
iike I was being slowly suffocated
came over me. Quicker than a
flash I caught him back of bis
head, and by a dtsperate effort
wrenched myself free.
Thea we both got angry. The boa
came toward me and I caught him
by the throat. I was strong enough
- k - ..atr
fightand relaxed his coils.
..i., u:, ..n F"
Then 1 shook him until he was
throughly alarmed and ever afterward
he was submissive. Had t permited
his coils to close about me no earthly
agency could have saved me.
Strappings.
"When you tell a young lady that she
is winsome and fair, she accuses you of
flattery, but she believes it even if you
had not told her.
lied pepper and brown soap applied
to woodwork of a stall occupied by
a cribbing horse will, it is said, cure
the animal of the habit.
Never lean back upon anything
'hat is cold.
Never begin a journey until breakfast
has been eaten.
Milk which is slghltly acid and
buttermilk produce in some
individuals a hypnotic (sleepy) effect. '
The weight of the heart is from j
eight to twelve ounces. - It beats one!
hundred thousand times in twenty
four hours.
Keep the back, especially between
the shoulder blades, well covered; also
the chest well protected.
Ope ounce of salycilic acid is
sufficient to preserve a barrel of cider,
that is to keep it from fermenting and
becoming sour.
A small cup of warm milk con
taining a teaspoonful of lime-watermay
be given frequently in cases of "bowel
complaint."
Of one hundred infants suckled by
their mothers eighteen died durng the
first year, while of the same number
suckled by wet nurses thirty died.
Masachusetts has an act forbiding
railroad companies employing men
without subjecting them to an exam
ination to determine if thev are color
blind. An industrious German collector
of statistics has found that while the
I average life among the '"well-to do"
is fi,ty ye. amonkr ,lie loor ia 01,l'
till rt.V -t WO.
"
The Medical Council ofSt.Peters-
1 burg has authorized women to prac
tice in pharmacy, so that Rusian
i women have now free uccess to all
branches of iiicilicine.
Iu the process of condensing milk,
one uailoii is ltduced bv evapor-
i iitii n t it-., tiiun one qnurr, and pure
c sugar is
SCrValioU
added In assist in prev
Wlien hoarse, speak, as little as pos.
sible until it is ncoveied from, else
the voice may he permanently lost
or d'fiicuhiea of the throat may be
iiodtlv.'ed.
The percentage of recoveries from
habitual drunkenness (mtbriet.y or
dipsoniania)is one thim utnlei com
pelenL medical care.
Ntver (iiui; regular bathing; fur
unless the skin is in au active condi
tion the cold will close the pores and
favor congestion and other diseases.
Merely warm the back by fire and
never continue keeping the back ex
posed to the beat after it has become
comfortably win ui. To do otherwise
is debilitating.
Never stand still iu cold weather,
especially alter uaving taken a slight
degree of exercise; and always avoid
standing upon the ice or snow, or
w here the person is exposad to a cold
wind.
Dr. Andrew Clark, of London, ;
says of alcoholic beverages that in a.
perfect state of health there is abso-1
lutely no benefit to be derived from j
t ieir use. an. that as he B-oes throueh :
the wards of hi
hospital he concludes
that seven of every ten cases owe their 1
ill health to modeiate drinking. longstreet attacks.
- .. The decks have struck 1, 2, 3, yet
Dr. Henry J. Menninger, at j Meade is not hurried to leave his
one time-Secretary of State of North j strung position and dash his troops
Carolina, (or of those who rnled her across the open fields against Lee.
by power of Yankee bayonet?) is a ' It is a wise decision. If there is any
meruber of the Brooklyn City Coun- thing humane in war.it is a humane
cil, and chairman of the Broad ol j
I rustees of the New xork College- of j
luaimacy. lhe Brooklyn Kagie
says: Dr. Menninger is one of the
few intellectual weights in the Com
mon jConncil in recent years, and
old" stagers"' says say that his cijual
as a debater has seldom been visible
iu that boil y.
OUKNAL
Sixteen Years After.
The Second Day at flettyebara;.
Ijougrstrect's Attack ou Sickles.
The Terrible Struggle for Round Top.
Hood Said
it was
a FiRlit of
Savage,
i tf.u.....j. t. ... wv iw.
the Horror.
! It. was daybreak of the 2d of July,
' 1863. On the hills in the valleys
I spread over fields hidden in the
! woods around Gettysburg were 200,
lOOO men making ready for a terrible
I battle.
I In the giay of morning one could
! hear the Thirp of birds in the or.
jchards and the lowing of cattle in the
j pastures. It was a glorious morning.
; The sky wus without a cloud, and a
1 slight breeze riffled across the wheat
1 fields and rustled the leaves of the
I apple-trees. A hundred thousand
I men were aw ike and moving before
! there was a flush in the East. When
i the sun showed his face to the world
it looked down upon two armies ready
to begiu their bloody work.
Hill and Ewell were there the day
before Longstreet and Lee had
come np after midnight Howard
was there l)-nb!eday was ready for
i another batth Hancock was order
ing more artillery to the defense of
! Cemetery Ridge. The Second, Fifth
land Sixth Corps were coming up,
' some of the brigades in the first on
i the double quick, and, the music of
: hands and the tap of drums were
! heard evtrvwtiere. Sedgwick sod
1 nis oixiu mum marcn luirir uie 10
I 1 1 . -1 . U ! 1 1 .
reach the held, but '.hey were hurrv-
insr ud. determined t6 be counted in
when the fight was hottest.
! MAKING READY.
t
From daybreak to o o clock one
'standing ou Bound Top could see
! regiments, bri trades and divisions
19 . o . '.
raoviner in every direction. Guna
were slowly brought into position
gaps filled, ammunition brought up.
The Federal lines were slowly poshed
out until they reached a front of fixe
miles, and Lee must push out his
lines to cover the same front. Fol
lowing the hi I Ik and key points the
Federal lines bent almost in the shape
of a horse-shoo. Lee could not con
form to this, but his lines described a
crescei.t, witb his choicest troops and
best guns at i oints most exposed.
Slocum's Twelfth Corps was opposite
Ewell: Howard was opposite Hill;
Sickles was opposite Longstreet.
Meade reported to the committee on
the condnct of the war that he had
between 05,000 upd 100,000 men
on
the field ot Gettysburg, ljee s re
port placed hi fighting force at G2.-
000 men. Davis says tuoee figures
were exact. Confederate reports now
in the archives of the government
eive the force at 60,000. Coufeder
ate reports Bay Lee left Virginia with
less than 70,000 men, and deducting
for cavalry off on raids, guards, de
tails and Btrairelers, they insist that
he con Id not have had over 65,000
men on the field that day.
WAITING.
A t 9 o'clock in the moraine the
whole of the Federal army was in
position except Sedgwick's Corps,
the head of which was yet fifteen
miles away, and the Fifth Corps,
which had a march of ten. Then the
rumble of cannon wheels and the
tramp of men was hushed
Ten o'clock came and silence con
tinued.
At 11 o'clock most of the men
weie lying do ti in line. Aided and
orlerlien riihlu I here and theie, but
not a mti.-kt I broke the etillness.
It. wab noon y the clocks in the
houses ol Gettysburg, and yet there
had bei n n i dvaiice.
That waiting meant much. Lee
had seen thai the Federal position
was well-nigh impregnable. Meade
had seen that the Confederate posi
tion was scarcely inferior. If Meade
moved out to attack Lee had the ad
vantage. If Lee moved out he must
be defeated. Stand to-day where
Howard held the center that morning
and you will affirm that insertion.
Meade was waiting for Lee to attack
Lee was uniting for Meade. That
was why the bonis slipped past and
the clocks struck again and again.
Every hour was a loss to Lee. Two
Federal corps had swung into posi
tion since sunrise. Every hour was
a gain to Meade. Sedgwick and
Sykes were comiug up, and every
regiment in both corps was a stone
wall.'
"somebody blundered."
Confedeiate military writers
say
that Jiee intended to attack a suu
rise. Indeed, his orders for such a
movement are on record. He had
realized that Round Top was the key
of the whole field, and Longstreet
was ordered to mass and attack. The
rising sun was to be his sigual, aud
had he hurled his corps against that
hill at that early hour he must have
captured it. -But som body utun
dered orders miscarried, or were
not understood, and instead ot at
tacking at sunrise Longstreet was not j
ready at noon
decision. Lee must attack. It is too j
late now to retreat. He planned for
a out tie in rVnnsyivama, and it is
ready for him. At half-past 3 o'clock,
just as the first regiment of Sykes
corps comes limping np, a move is
seen all along the Confederate front,
and every Federal springs to his
feet. There is to be an attack all
Terms $B.OO
'or "Vo.r.
NO. 4.
along the Federal front, but the real
movement is against Sickles, who has
thrown a Dart of bis lorce out in
front of Bound Top as a further pre
caution against a sudden surprise.
Boom! The voice of that single
cannon had scarcely echoed the fields,
when there came a crash of Artil
lery which made the hilltops shake.
One could count the explosions at
I fir8t. bu' "to"" tbree or foQ' minutes
one tremendous crash
which Heav-
en's thunderbolts
11
never equalled,
Hill thundered-Ewell thundered-
Longstreet made the earth rock
der the wheels of his cannon as , he
paved the way for a dash at Sickles,
and over Sickles to Bound lop. Un -
der cover of the smoke his lines are
loiiuiu. nuuu pmctB uiioseii at ine
head of one division Mcliaws at the
I. , , . . . .
head of the other. At 4 o'cloek the
fire of artillery ceases and the columns-move
out.
Meade knew what was coming, lie
knew where the heaviest blow would
fall, and be was conferring personally
with Sickles when the cannonading
began. He had thirty minntes to
prepare for the infantry attack, and
he lost not a moment.
SICKLES CARRIED AWAY.
The instant the Confederates
, . .
w ,,c,
moved out, every Federal gun
could be brought to bear was turned
upoh them, and Sickles braced him
self for the shock. There was no
halting by the Confederates no giv
ing Jvay by the Confederates no
giving way by the Federals; 20,000
men moved as one a mighty battering-ram
faced with steel. A living
wall of 20,000 men stood firm to re
ceive the blow. A rush, a cheer, and
the shock comes. For the. next ten
minates on that mile and a half of
front men used the bayonet. Lines
were broken, and blue and gray were
mixed in a mob. Then the impetus
of the Confederate wave began to
tell, and Sickles was pressed slowly
back. He would not retreat, but he
could be pushed off his feet by lhe
greater force.
UNDER TIIK PEAfTI TREES.
As Sickles' lines arc gradually
pushed back over the broken ground,
three or four brigades cut loose from
Sykes and come to his assistance.
The new lines form across a meadow
over a highway under the peach
trees, and -stretch out toward the
pines at the base of Hound Top.
They are going to stop the advance
of McLaws right there, but it will
require some terrible fighting to
doit. Every man in Longstreet's
corps knew that to gain that hill was
to gain a victory over Meade's w hole
army, and they cheered as they
rushed upon the Federal bayonets.
Every Federal likewise realized the
importance of the. position, aud men
died in their tracks sooner than yield
the ground. Again and again Mc
laws gathered his Texans in hand and
threw them at this or that point, but
he met a firm line everywhere. In
the peach orchard the fight was a
struggle between savages. The Tex
ans charged there as many as five
times before they got a foothold.
How anyone ever lived under that
terrible Federal fire is one of the
mysteries of war. It is one continu
ous, crash of musketry, so coolly de
livered that every man was a t ir
get. Peach trees as large as a man's
leg were cut down by bullets, and
rocks in the line of that firo were
marked hundreds of times. Five
o'clock found the struggle, growing
fiercer. At 6 o'clock it was terrific
At sundown the Confederates had
slowly pushed Sickles back until he
bad to be again reinforced t hold
bis ground. Two thousand dead
men were lying between Seminary
Ridge and Sickles' lines hen the
stars came out and the clash of iu
died away in sullen growls. Sickles
had been wounded, and the soil had
drunk deeply of some of the Lest
blood in his corps.
hood's ASSAl'I.T.
Hood and bis Texans had rbaiged
directly at Round Top, and the hist
rush almost carried it. He had no J
skirmishers to lead the way, but
charged in solid lines with duets
which were heard above tl 6 loar ol
artillery. There should ha I fen.
a Federal divuion on that hill. There
was not a full regiment there. The
Federal line should have rested its
flank on the slope as it stretched
away across the peach orchard. That;
flank was a hundred rods away,
leaving a gap through which whole
brigades rushed without inciting a
foe. The gray wave is at the 1 ase
of Round Ton when the few Fed ,
erals at the summit open fire, and
reinforcements are hurried forward.
Artillery can be used up there, hut
men must drag the guns up by hand.
In a wild, frenzied mob, lines broken
and officers and ni' n mingled, the
Texans swarm up the slope and ral
ly at its crest, lhey are too
They have readied ihecust oi It
Top, but can they hold ii"
THE FIGHT on Tilt i -111 rT.
As the Confederalex in-h np
side the Federals me clnnoinL'
other. Thev meet at the t -t,
ale !
.ilnil
one
the
a ml
that was the hell spot of Gettysburg.
Lines do not advance, but mobs ol
men sway hack ami foiih over the
rocks and through the thickus, howl
ing, scieaming and shedding blood.
No prisoners were taken there.
When these mobs swayed upon and
into each other, the nuiski Is'hlazi d.
steel flushed, and the
frenzied living
trampled over the gory dead. Alt n
who were pierced with the bani:et
drew the stock of the e.n-kct fiom
lhe enemy's grasp and died trying to
draw the horrible weapon lr:n th'
gaping wound. There were dead
men there who Lad their skulls In h t on
jnthere were wounded there who
t-NEWrBEKNEJOUPJIJ
! I KATKA OF APRTIIIJ0 ,
ior.rlnca Wa.....wJ.........-
on month.....
41 " three montU.,
(limrtpr roloro n r lr .............
" ooa yir.. -.-.... -
Half column Wark
I-
-1A it
" oe month....
" one year...-
On' column on wrrk ...... .. ....
" one month. ;..'.
" on yar.. , .. ,
) ( tl
J I (I
Contract for advarlUInf for an? ()mm-
, or tims may ba mada ml tka ofllM of tha IV aw
tflMM. JotnAL. In tba Brick Blocks Cnn
! Street, New Bern. North Carolina.
been knocked senseless by toiiM
; an(l rocks. " ' 11 " .'
DBIVES BaCK.
For foky minutes this - bloody
struggle" surged to and fro -over the
crest, and theu the Confederates be
gan to give way. The Federal ad
vanced with renewed enthusiasm, and
Hood's division was voon hurl ( into
the fields below,' shattered mid Lro
ken. but ttubbornly stick icg 10 , thn
advance position. .Fate had scored
ailVVIIOI ' . IliaiVU PKRII'BS AtTCt 1111
t ..... , . i?A v ...
nnAtli r aju m atrt m a T.aa fllll
firgtd
Longstreet could have carried it on
the monii f th gecon(j d y . b
! out Le R hnndni mJ Ho(a
, wo jt iu ,tei,Truing11 ft.Mrful CoBtf
, . , . ,A T, 5 ,.
I VM. AAV VWUIU 111' . I
i thk ctNTRa: ,' '
The Confederate center, under
Hill, had moved up .slowly and cau
tiously. It was a grand advance of
regiments and brigade, which moved
witb flying, baiinerf,' flashing Mill,
and peals of artillery. The First,
jiiieveum anu iwciiui urps were to
feel the shock of the assault, but ' the
great biow was to be. it ruck at ths
Eleventh. From the. moment Hill
left bis position b irii. under . t!m
Federal artillery- fire. Shot and .
I .1. a rr-..ifti. i i . a
j shell tore through brigade until all
order was lost in a wild ruh ' to ret
out of line of the fire, bat the advance
could not be checked. If be conlJ 1
prevent the center frbm rein forcing
Sickles, Longstreet might wiu. TLis
was his object, and he did .'not mean
a hot fight; but, once the troop got
under fire, they could not. be held
back. All along the center , was n
steady sheet of flame and a continu
ous thunder, but, Hill battered in
vain. Where one portion of his Jinra
gained ground another portion lont, '
and as uight fell he had secured no '
advantage, and had loft a thoutaud
men. . ':; - ' ' '
'7 OH THK LEFT. 1 '
Ewell, holding. lbt Confedeiate
loft (tnitrkaita ihn EVnm! rirrht V,.l
more cover for his amanltinrr enliimna.
re . . . . j
and bad attacked with a grim deter,
minatiou to win. He meant all tbo
fight he could get, aud lie got plenty.
For the first hour every advance re
ceived a bloody check. From H to G
be gained ground." From 6 to 7 iho
breuBt works hastily thrown up by
the' Federals'.' were captured and
recaptured three or four times, and .
tprimAitf.a utWl nt imt An)
volleys at each other with , less than
300 ltet .between tbem. , They , aro ,
fighting as the tun goes, down as
da rknes comes on as the harvest
moou throws its while light over fit Id. '
highway and " forest. - Ewell could
not push the Federal lines further,
but he could hold hut owu. When
the' fight ceased ho was tiring, plant-
t urhnra tti IiIma linaa had mniwl v
hours before. jr3 ; : ,,.,. ; ..
Longstreet had won gronmL even
though he bad lout Round Top. 'Hill. .
had wou nothing, .but he bad been ,
held in check. Ewell had. won and;,
held his ground. . Was this sudden I ,
to encourage the uU.UUV (U renww the,
attack next day against the D5.000T
Each corps Commander tbonght it'
was, ancTLee was of the same opin-'
ioi . He could fall back, or he could
ninvi' hv the dank' but ha : wiiulJ : dn .
neither. On the morro he Would,
carry bis banners : over f Ometery-, ,
Kidge , ,- ." .;
Sickles had lost gryuud on the Ieft,t
and the Federal, right . bud been ,
driven, but Meade had saved .Round!"
rt I u. .1 C... I, .... ,
and in position.- longstrcet had done . .
his best Ewell Iwd done, Ins .bont and , ,
Hill luul battered at the center hi ..vain.
Meade, w as encouraged even cnthui-, '
astic. .,"'.- J ' X
.. ... !.... . tt. m.
rt w men nir tiint uinu - iu
pickets thrown forward were . In .some
niaci n not over 200 feet ai art. . Meade
must shorten his line to remove tlio
saluut or horse-shoe. 'Tx-e must ihorf!w
in his for the work of the morrow,- On -
iilii-i- Hide hriLMiileh Were ' I'liaiiirhur Ik- .. .
si Lion and artillery, moving JVom mid
... , i ---i i.
mulil touawu. Jwtii inusi ix: uriven
hack. I nner cover of, darkness the
Federal commander moved ' A "corps' lu.st
nosttioii to strike him as mwu a dar-.
ii"hL came. There were wounded meU'
who had he n on the Held two Oiiy
and the hciWes of the dead had hoiTi- ' "
1 1 - look, but the living could not succor.
I lie one or give burial to tue.olher. j Tli
morrow uas to usher ill such , tcrrUli'" (
lighting as the world had never sccu. - 'X .'
jffrou f ree jrv&. v i, vau, .-
''U'- - y ' I lV-...l
m ' . -.-i . 44
T .uilioroiiM incidnntfi will occur even u.
in the midst of misfortone. ; The nnlj-'-J
itittuae uono 10. me jurnuurw at iuc
fire on Chestnut street this forenoon,'
was to a looking glass, nd ihat, was,,,
in a manner entirely un looked for' and i-..
u ncxpected The glass bad been liken1"
fYrilTr-l I lll-)11Ctf4 fllll I 'A.rfnriv'''lpnntf''"
, . . . 1. . T. .1 ..Lw'l
up against the fence where it ttobd 7
unharmed during all. the COnfjUtiou. ,
and alarm oocBiotied by the fire'Jlut- '.
a goat happened to come s long1' and-
spying a refiectiou.tif himself the 7
glass he gaaed for a moment shook,.' ,
his head a few times aud mounting en :
his hinl legs, he went for- that 'Othsr '
croiit in a huriv.and onlylfoand but his
MiisiHke nfier ih"j looking-glass "wa I J
sina-hed into smithereeoK, .and, no.
goal w;iK io be seen. Hescemed COO, .
fm-ed for a moment, stared a little, "
shook his head a little, and then
walked quietly away to make a tweak-''
l..st of any old j.ie'ce of tiaware or .
broken crockery which might be -'left
viog sirouni
1 l.Mtse. Wil.
ffM-KW.-''"'
In 1 1 !).
uother (ireensloro enterprUe lias
Hist Iwen perfected. A Coniiny haa
Ih-i-o lormed Ii.-re to run tb Um buatr-n-Ks
on an extensive scale.- Forty-three v
. -olniiies ot Italian heea have already
l..-.-n oit:iineL and while thi city, will
I..- headquarter tor the company,' Its"
atreuts w dl canvflHS tiiia S:te. Virgina,"
and perhaps other Btates. 'There la
nothing pays so well for ..the capital In
vested at bee culture. Bujl. ''".' :'.
- ;-3l 4 v
    

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