BERNEi JOTJEML.i .
NEW BERNE Ju
- i PUBLISHED ETKBT THURSDAY
.j'... - t,..v1:,Ai.t-JT , ." ''
BATCH OF ADVBT1IN.I
Oc look m wrk ..
"' moalti... !........
tkrwi iMtk ..
Qnartr ootani on w-!........
" " jWii mow ill .
Hair eotama ow wk.........
; ' m taouth...,
" . yr.M.,
J. W. H ARPF.K, i
II. S. M'SS,
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS.
Terixi. 0B.OO '.
c ' una xaar.
. Six MOtl...'...
. . or'r.. )
Coatracu lor dvpftUInf t"t nn,
r lima ma; ba m4 al tba ma of tha j
Bbmsb JovaaAV. ha Iba nrlrk Ulock, fr
Olrrtt, Kaw Ban,. North Carolina.
NEW BERNE, N. C., APRIL 27, 182.
. ," x - - -
;i'T1Tni--MMTME'-ilW THE STATI AND
"" 1 1 IVCrrl) Coiwtt Itnd regularly attend all se-'-a'liTalaaM
aa" IV th" loUowin counties :
Oraven, Crte-Vi.PmUco, - Jon,Onslow.
tB. lL; Gates.
. j. - . - - -if . -. ?
.V. WILLIAMS & Co.
;f - AND;';-', .
f.I1.3i.L2' 'DEALERS IS '
. (".-" " rnments
. ' ' -n, I' C.
!!. 4. JJUXVUAA
. C "5
Mr.30, 1 T
:' RiSTZ?3t CAROLDIA v
1 i ' ,--n..
f r 7 - w -r
AIX KINDS dilAVE AND BUILD-
: ING WORK IN
Orders -ill receiy prompt attention
. and satisfaction gnaranteed. - :
JOE E.'WILjLIS, ; c -
- "" zrr- v p- rl ".Ar,
0 (Siiif e?so;tojGeqrgerij Clajpoole)!;
i-.-;. Cr.mOAXI At CBAVE2J- Sts.
t . . . . . -
itvV-'"'-' !.nv-:::;V New Brne,' N. C.
' ifaf .
LARGEST AHI OLDEST i .
(1 0 If fWOLESALM
rt.l; A iiiliU A A X,
Keeps always in Stock In Lcrge
- . FLOUR. SUGAR. COFFEE,
loont ud'fiui & Ax Snnf,
" A STOCS OF
mo-.wk o, c o,
. - "'.1 : r- ' ' . t
s LArbnckle Ariosa
CRACKERS AND, CAKES
-' NOTiONS and HOSIEItV
f'Xff &yI wiffTfind a large
;sf ""''aicjantrtte Lowest prices.
5. 5 itolBif fne before ' y6u buy
'ICSSLZSL KewSerne, N. C.
Alittlt? band, a fair, soft hand,
Dimplfd nnd sweet to kiss,
No sculptor erer carved from stone
A lovelier hand than this.
A band asiclie and as white
A lilies on their st;
Imziline with rosy finper-tips,
Dazzlint; with rruMed gems.
Another hand a lirrd old hand,
Writte.irvith many lines
A faithfi.l, weary hand, whereon
The peiul of gfrat drice f hines '.
Forfcldfd. as the wincd fly
Sleeps in the Clirysnlis
Within this little plm I see
That lovelier haid than this.
Hahkikt PjmwraTT Si-on-oiin.
High Prices?of Grajn.
The thoit crop of 1881 has given
the cereals and Indian corn a very
decided boom. We suppose corn is
rulioc higher iu Isew Berne at this
time than it has for a nnmber of years j
toihort crop or to specul inon is a
mooted question with some. j
The Chicago Tribune points out j
that at no timesince tke estaulishmentj
of railroad tianspoitation between !pns.ed. is in developing the lands ! yet light in the woods when Ewell
Chicago and the seaboard, or steam i belonging to the Literary Board of pushed forward i to; assault the -.Fed-navigation
bet weeu the Atlantic ports ! Nortli Carolina. erals. He found them forming in
aud Lt verpo h has there been such a I
coniblete-V wreck and demoralization
m rates of transportation ami prices
of ffrain as at the present date. Chai-
ters lor, wheat and corn by rail to
New Yoik and steamer to Liverpool
can be had ut ;2tt cents per 100
pounds. The official rate by rail to
New -York aloue is 25 cents per 100
pounds. " Steamers are taking wheat
and corn from New. York to Liver,
pool Wt one and two cents z. bushel,
and even at nothing, for ballast. The
Tribune huB this to say of the way
prices are afiVcte 1: r
The once inexorable rule that tlie
price at the place of destination fixes the
price at the point of shipment, the cost
of transportation being the difference,
falls under the extraordinary" condition
of there being no .definite charge for
transportation, f The prices here being
greater than foreign purchasers are wil
ling to pay no shipments are made, and
there is no demand for transportation.
The liolders of grain on this side are
confident of ultimately obtaining all
that they demand, and are indifferent
whether the stuff goes forward or not.
The result, however, is? most extraordi
nary; - The markets at Liverpool and
Chicago are wholly: independent of one
another,' with that at Liverpool the low
er. ' ' There being no exports or ship
ments, no transportation by rail or
water on land or ocean is needed, so the
fact is, wonderful as it may be, that
there is no market price for grain and
no market price - for transportation by
rail or1 by ocean isteamer. . Everything
is wrecked, demoralized , and for the
time destroyed. , , .
The Jong and short of it is that
speculators' have run the piices of
grain higher at Chicago than ; they
a re at -Liverpmk-i.Wheu 4 he- brea k
comes these speculators wUl.proUably
be 8wtpt awayif The prestntpiice of
wheat in Chicago for Apiil and May
delivered is about 33 1-3 per cent
higher than the average price for
twenty-even -years. In corn it is
even worsey and is over 70 per cent
higher ' than for twenty-two years
The bad . condition; of the country'
roads in the - West keeping back the
supply, ttilh the short crops of last
year, are assigned as the legitimate
cause of the peculiar conditions of
Convicts Quaker Bridge.
4 The convicts at noon yesterday' began
the work of relaying the stone pavement
of the rotunda of the capitol. The
granite blocks have been recut and
turned, while' the much worn brown
stone blocks are being replaced by slabs
of slate, which are ot a rich, red color.
t jorimug jueasing contrast, who me
'4 gray graite.JVeics and Qttserrer.
A correspondent commends our prop
osition to employ the convicts in work
ing the public roads. We are sure the
plan ia feasible', and we hope to 6ce it
aaopteu. ine penitentmry roll contains
tn:i t i . ... . A ,1: , . . . 1 .
tem ought to be devised to secure the
greatest efficiency, and then as soon as
practicable the -work should be begun.
Netcs and pbserver.
VpV-iW'-Wtn day-, f March 1880
the L "gi.-l uuie pas.ttl an art ast-ign
mg Z-) convn t- to woik lor twelve!
months n a io.d fiom Quaker Bti.Igi
inJtuHS cou ity to a point near liii h
lands hi Onsiow.' In 1 iun;ir ce of
this ;.i t the convicts wi-ie tent down
and set to work Bt-foie the year
Was otit 111 tl for 11 j good Ciiu.-e ilie
penitentiary - iiutliojiii s witlnlmw
the convicts, with .the work unfiu shed,
and with a half understanding ttiat
j the force would lie doiibleJ next year
and the work soon liuishe.l.
At the next session of the Legish;
ture another act was pas sad granting
I fifty convicts to finish ihis road. The
I moving cause iu these acts was that
the road would run through a large
j body of laud nelonging to the Slate
j and tl.us bring it nito market and in
jcre.se the levenue ot the literary
, But the convicts have never been
j sent. Requisition has been made re
peatedly, but in vain. The Jouknal,
while published at Kinston made
such vigorous complaint that Gover
nor Jarvis felt constrained to get an
opinion from the Attorney General
t which sustained him, or at least sus
; tained the penitentiary authorities,
in assigning all the convicts up to
; 500 to the Western North Carolina
: raihoad, and to the Cape Fear &
Yadkin Valley railroad. Although
we bel'eved and tried to show that
the opinion of lhe Attorney General
was not well founded in law, yet as it
J was official, Governor Jarvis and the
penitentiary authorities had a iio;ht
to seek shelter behind it, aud no one
could reasonably blame them foi
But now a new state of facts exist.
(From the two extracts at the head of
I this article, taken Iron-, the Xes and
, Observer we find that there are now
1 some convict" not at work on the
Western North Carolina and Cape
I Fear & Yadkin Valley railroad. We
(now ask Governor .Ifiivis to aid in
I getting the peDitentiary uutliorities
! to d(i tln.-ir dtit' &ud obey two solemn
I acts of the Legislature rather than
I me the con7irta in beautifying and
ornamenting the capitol or in work
ing the public roads in VVuke county.
We havrt long held the opinion
, that the wishes -of the Enst have bt-n
reptaieill v disregarded by some of
our State jioliiifians because the Dem
ocratic meTnbers ot the Legislatnre
1 from this section are few in number.
We raise no crv against tlte West for
cstern Democrats urged and aided 1
5 , !
in pnsciug trjsse
very acts nnder 1
which tne Quaker Kridge road was
1 4, . . ... ;
that. 111 tliK fii9t i.hp Stftt. an tlinrir.ipa :
! are lnrtirerent to ana regardless 01
the law and of our interests. We
proposed road would do great local
good to the people of Jones and Ous-
iow vet the great good to be accom-
,iighed. and for which the act was
Lincoln not to JJetire from the
We are assured on the best author
ity that all the rumors relating to the
alleged retirement of Mr. Lincoln
from t!:e Cabinet, or to his transfer
to the English mission, are wholly
unfounded in every respect. The
relations between the President aud
Mr. Lincoln, officially and personally,
are of the very best, and there has
been no jar of any kind between
them, from the first hour of their as
sociation to the present time.
Soon after the death of Gen. Gar
field the President specially invited
Mr. Lincoln to retain his place as the
head of the War Dtpaitment, while
Mr. Blaine and the others were left
in doubt after having formally re
signed. That exceptional mark of
confidence was not divulged Uutil re
cently, and it is no secret that if it
had not been bestowed Mr. Lircoln
would have voluntarily retired last
Mr. Lincoln has broken uo one of
the old Rings of the War Department
by the compelled resignation of Cros
by, loDg chief clerk, who was Bel
knap's right-hand man. That resig
nation has deranged the military ma
chinery, and has upeet many plans.
There are officers who would be very
glad to see Mr. Lincoln in England,
or in any place but the War Depart
ment. N. Y. Sun.
A Wealthy Queen.
A year or two ago the papers re -ported
that an Ameiican lady had
become sole heir to a fortune of
$20,000,000 It was said that she
was the wealthiest woman in New
England. Many reports have been
made of the immense wealth of the
English Baroness Burdett-Coutts.
Bui it is now said that Qeen Victo
ria has the largest incme of any lady
in the world
Prince Albert invested largly in
land in the immediate neighborhood
of the Crystal Palaces, and the rise
in value has created an immense
fortune. The Queen has an iticome
M nearly $2,000,000 from the State;
of $200,000 from the Duchy of Lan
caster; and of $1,000,000 from her
own property, making oyer $3,000,
000 iu all, while her entire expenses, it
is said, are not over 100 000 a
But she is very pi n. lent and saving,
and intends t leave an immense
A it National pat ly the Republi
cans arc appruac ing their end. The
psib'ii-ans of North 'arolina have
to cheer them. Thej are
nut at unity amorii.' themselves, but
they did live in the belief, cf the sol
id u iity of the party as a national
on". That hope is now gone. And
if they had any hope in the State, if
they hoped to get into power here, it
tliroui;b the soliditv of the neero
vote, and hv the asserled stroiiuer
cl.ii ns of ihat rare i consideration.
The Goldsboro Convention has
m de that inniossible: f r lmw pan
the ui'L'iii ask to be nn hiohr than
t higher than
he is wnen he
I 111! S
and incapable to stand where he is?
John Williamson, a negro editor,
member of the Legislature, a good
talker, sharp and shrewd, says the
exhibit of negro incapacity and tur
bul ence at ibat convention is worth
! ten thousand votPs to the Democratic
1 party. Asherille Citizen.
At the battle of Groveton Stone
wall J .ckson tried an experiment
whicl: nearly frightened a Federal
division out of their boots. Bars of
railroad iron were cut up into foot
lengths and fired from some of bis
hp:ivipt min3nnd flip iwiiaf tlioaa mia-
i . .. ., . . ,
o .ow..vo,., Cx iu.uugu,, of ror, arwl Miatr nM
the air was a sort of cross between
the shriek of a woman and the bray
of a mule. The Federals listened iu
wonder at the first few which banged
through the tree-tops, and presently
one of the pieces fell just iu frosU of
a Pennsylvania regiment. A captian
stepped forw ard to inspect it, and
after turning it over he rushed to his
Colonel with the news,
"Colonel, the.tn infernal rebs are
firing railroad iron at us!"
"They are, for a faci!"
'"Captian, advance your company
to that ridge and deploy, and the
minute you find Jackson is getting
ready to fire freight cars at us send
me word. 1 uoii.t pi oj ose to have
niv vegiineiit mashed into the mound
when it canjuH as well be
exterminat-tl in the regular
Detroit Free Press.
Subscribe to the Journal
SIXTEEN YEAfiS AFTEB.
The Last Bay at Gettynbury.
The Moat Terrine Flg-htlng In War's
A Cannonade Which ' Shook
the Earth for Miles.
Virgiiiia'H Grand Charge aud
At the close of the second day's
fight Ewell had secured a position
, . , , . , . , .
Meade determined to drive him at
i anv cost. While he had a lodgment
among the Federal breastworks and
rifle-pits he hart a base from which to
. . . . .
drive a further ' wedse. He knew
what would come with daylight; and
he had re-formed his lines and made
j r r "
j IN THE GRAJ OF MORN.
Daybreak was stealing softly over
the hula and valleys, and it was not
! line to assault him, and the blaze of
the first musket was followed by a
rush from either direction.
advancing, bat Ewell had not been
engaged five minutes before the crash
of musketry and the 'rear of cannon
sounded all along the line, and. the
awful work of the third day had be
gun. But the real fight was between
Slocum and Ewell. The one was de
termined to crash the other, and the
bravery exhibited by blue and gray
on that flank that morning was nev
er excelled in war's history. Lines
of gray rushed forward through , the
smoke to find lines of blue standing
as firm as the hills under them, and
whole companies fired into each oth
er at such close range that the flames
burned the clothing of the dead and
wounded. When the gray lines
roiled back the : blue followed, and
there would be another shock and
another hand . to , hand struggle.
E well's first advance drove the Fed
eral lines. In the rebound he lost
more than be had won. Then Ew
ell was pushed a quarter of a mile,
when be rallied and crushed Slocum
back. So it was for hours a wave
of war rolling back and forth in its
efforts to beat down the living walls
which imprisoned it At 9 in the
morning Ewell put forward fresh
troops, and then the climax came.
Above the steady crash of musketry
and the roar of artillery the shouts of
the advanemg Confederates could
plainly be heard as they advanced
to the last grapple.
On came the gray lines, massed
for assault, some singing, some
cheering -all ready to die. The
blue answered cheer for cheer, and
then came the shock. Slocum said
it was the coolest, fiercest fighting he
ever saw. Birney said he never saw
such reckless fear' of death. Geary
said the Confederates charged into
his lines again and again; and no fire
could push them back. Ewell said,
as his men eloped ia for the Climax:
''Such fighting must soon decide the
day or leave no one alive to fight."
Slocum stood firm for half an hour.
Then, as the fire of several regiments
began to slacken for want of ammu
uition, the Confederates began to
push him Reinforcements were
sent from the Sixth Corps, artillery!
advanced, and then Ewell had to
give way in turn. He had done his
best. Slowly the gray lines were
pushed back over the winruws of
dead and wounded righting grimly
dying sullenly, and an hour before
noou Slocum had recovered, all the
ground lost the day before, and Lee
had played another card and lost.
He had only one more left
From 11 until 2 o'clock there was
a treacherous armistice, broken now
!n lhe r,ul "7 000m or a cannon
in the center ty the Uie
me cemer uy me nie oi snari -
! shooters on the lelt by a
musketry. ' Kwell had lost, Lh had
! in turn Mttacked both wink's, and
iDoin airacKS naa neeii reimisea. ne
j bth attacks had been repulsed. He
' was now to attack thee uter. Every
i man in D.tu armies Knew where
j blow was to fall, and one had bnt to
1 )u of liia oToa rwjdf T ri t 4 tai.fap to
VUOU IIIO V- - O V V t-lllll V. II I V I L '
alize at what cost Lee would attack.
Every exposed situation had been
fortified, hundreds of rifle-pits exca
vated, and every ravine would be
packed with . Federal infantry.
There were stone walls, hills and
ridges as natural covers for the de
fenders, aud no field of war offered
better positions for artillery. The
Federal artillery on Cemetery Ridge
could pour in its fire over the heads
of the infantry on the slopes, and
; the grim cannon in position on Cem
: eterv nm wouia enniat
Hill would enfilade all the
f mln una rondv nf noon -T.f. tint
until 2 o'clock. One by one his ffuns
were massed iu the center, his choic- and a front of gleaming steel. Lv.-u
est troops put forward as a wedge, an enemy waiting with loaded imi-k-and
when he took a last survey of :et can cheer such bravery sudi
his lines he knew that the climax of! firm discipline,
three clays of terrific fighting was at pkttiuhew' ni ri i si:.
hand Every order had been carried , hfts ,)een ()fIi( i;ll v .,,.. , ,1(lt
out-every suggestion considered. If . of the mpn m pHlj u-s ,.,
he could penetrate the Federal cen-. f, haJ nevel. b(lfoie s,,n :,
ter Meade was beaten If he failed h t )md hev Wn vell.r!1Ils ; :1 illlU.
to do it, he must fall back to jred fights t'liey tuusL liavt- l-t-.-i. bro-
Potomac. t feen by hejl, ten.ibiu ,,.(.,.,,11,,,, ;lt tho
A3 BY earthquakes. hands of the Federals. Their asanlt
At 2 o'clock while there was al-: was aimed at flays, lie had t.MUO
most perfect Bilence over that great 1 men down behind the stone wall- in
battlefield, the sudden boom of a : his front, and on his right, a baiiery
gun was heard from Lee's center. ' fully provided with giape-h t and
Its echoes were yet rolling back and i canister. "Steady, men .-Ualy!''
i forth from hill to hill when there
came a crash as if the heavens ami j front, ami scarcely a musket v;i iimi
the earth had met. Lee had openedjnntil the Confedetates weie within
with nearly 150 pieces of artillery. I pistol-shot. Then t!,.; baitery
Meade had massed eighty or more j opened with canister and lhe infantry
guns in the center to reply, and now"'
300 cannon began their awful din.
WHAT WAS IT LIKE. '
An officer standing within thir.v
feet of three six-ponndeiK which are
being rapidly fired mint shout, his
orders. One standing as near as
that to a full battery could nol hear
a thunder-clap in tho f-ky above.
The roar of twenty pieces of arti'lei v
will drown ordinary voices half :i
mile away. McClellan had sixty or
seventy guns massed at Malvern Hi I',
and dishes were .hxken down in
houses six miles away. The cannon
ade at the first Bull Run was nothing
compared to subsequent battles, and
yet the reverberations were disticily
heard in Washington, twenty miles
away. The cannonade at Fmle'r
icksburqr toppled down fatm house
chimneys eight miles distant, and wap
heard twenty five miles. Think,
then, of 230 pieces of artillery, many
of them Parrot guns, massed on the
crest of hills and all firing as fa si as
men could serve them ! An earth
quake could not thus have shaken
the earth. Men became giddy ard
staggered, and houses seemed to lift
off their foundations. In ten min
utes after the first gun was tired, one
could no longer distinguish single
reports. All reports were consoli
dated into one terrible roar, which
alarmed cattle in the fields fifteen
miles away, and was plainly heard by
human ears forty miles away. Regi
ments on the flmkj of that awful
cannonade could not believe that any
one would live through it.
what it effected. vance an I detei mined not to retreat.
In talking with Confederates who but. reinforcements came to the Fed
were in the center that day I have erals and the assaulting column was
many times asked for the particulars broken and ushed back.
of the damage done by the federal
fire. All auswertd a ike. Its effect
was terribly demoralizing, but not 80
destructive as one would imagine.
Hundreds of shot and shell flew
over their beads and hint no one
Others struck into bodies of men
getting into position for a-eault, and tj Bayonet garirers, nut when the re
opened lanes through whole brigades. ! ?und crres they are swept away.
were asd mere snen mutuateu a
dozen men, killed three or four hors-
es, or dismounted a cannon, but Lee's
entire loss by the whole canno
did not amount to 500 men.
On the Federal side fbe loss was no
greater the demoralization about
the same. The best troops in the
world will not stand in line under
artillery fire. If they are moving it
isdifferent, and the whirr of shot and
scream of shell are pai t of the pro
gramme. Tbe Confederates plant
ed almost every shot into the Fed
eral position, and for a time every
living thing sought cover. Showers
of dirt, flung high in air by the shells,
descended upon men lying in the ia
vine, and it is a singular fact that
two of the artillerists in Thomas'
battery were killed I y stones Hung
bnt by Bhot or shell. A Confeder
ate', shot which struck a breastwork
flung a jagged Eplinter more than
200 feet at right angles nnd killed
one man and broke the arm of a sec
ond. The Federal guns were short
of ammunition on the start, and
throughout the cannonade the fire
was slower and more regular than the
Confederates. Thomas alone had
four caissons hit and blown up, and
some of our batteries lost half their
horses and a fourth of their men.
As if by mutual consent the til
ing on both sides began to slaiktn,
and iu ten minutes more every gun
was silent. Then Federal regiments
sprang from cover, and in a mom
ent Cemetery Ridge was again doi
ted with blue. Left win g"ing to a
sault. It is close np u 4 o'i 1 k, when a
long line of Confederate skirmish
ers move out of the woods beyond
the Emmettsburg mail. Not lar in
rear is Picki tt's division of Virgin
ians in double-line of liatile, flags
rippling and '-ayonets gleaming.
KeniDer. Garne tt. i mislead, Wil-
Cox an 1 Pt-ttigrew aie there, and
Heth s division protects the led fl.nik.
Look cart-fully now, for ut vur again
on ibis Continent wii
vance be Seen. it is lue tint.! iav
of the fieic st battle in our history.
Lte has assaulted the ii-lil il:e h ft
I the centei
1 he met; le of overy
man has been iiied, and theie is i ot
a coward among them Tliis is lhe
last assault, and it will be made on
the Fedeial left center, where Han
cock is watching and wailing. Here
comes the tkirmisli line, creeping
nearer and nearer and ur.dulat ng
like a serpent. Behind them are
the solid columns of Virginian
swinging out of the Woods are the
best brigades in I.ee's army a col
nmu of assault 18,000 st rong. Tlooe
is deep silence as a bundled thous
and pairs of eyes look at the picture.
Eveiv line in that column ir nettVi.1-
ly dressed eveiy officer at his
; ThfiV do IlOt COI1IC Wltll the IUSU O
! Hood Or the freUZV of EweH. It is
.. ,, :,
' march! march! with a steady ?:cp
j was the command all along ll iys
a Cfiu federate
left on his tt-.-t.
At such eloi' tauge
the canister iped out. men by the
dozen, and ir seemed as if almost
i,-ve.ry bullet found a Irving target.
When lhe sie; . lifts Pettigrew has
fallen, aiei t..i him three-fifths rf
hi.s comtuiM-i iiid officers. Compa
nies are uiji-d out. regiments re
duced on. - r. and those not in re
treat are 'nrg flat down to
In eBM nn
the bullet Bit Woodru
halt-rv lias ret dered victorv so rl
eisive, is mot -illv wounded, an l the
lusty mad Ho l uodden fields are
diluting tin 1.1 !)d of v.any a Fed
A I ; M I T E A I S R USH.
The advance of Armistead first
struck agatnsi the First Corps, but
obliqued to j-cape t he tire and ftruck
Gibbons d.vi i n.. Here was also a
ptone-wall, aid h re Gibbous had
tlnpwn two r. gimeiits out in advance
of his main hue. 'J he rush Of the
(Vnfedt rates nu t with a feeble fire,
and they .surged over t'he; defenses
and sent the Ft derals flying p the
hiH. For a m ment it seemed as'- if
the 'main line would be swept back,
but lh fu mi'-ss of two or three reg
iments allayed the panic and pre
vented disaster. Armistead pressed
on. encouraged !,y what he had ac
complished, ami although the fire 'of
musbetiy was terribly hot, his rush
was not checked until bine and gray
were fighting breast to breast with
the bayonet. For a quarter of an
hour he 1 lung there, unable to ad-
ALL ALONG THE LINE,
It i theme with Kemper with
Garnett with very column of as
sault. In their. first rush they swarm
over Fedenfl breast works, capture
rifle-pits and leap through the flumes
", "V.7Y- :" wlK
"fern nary luoge to represent a com -
iniimreu teiiiru 10 repre-;t
ponied in th-'
nadei8ent a reg,ment. Out of brigades
scarcely a full regiment can be found
! Pettigrew, Armistead, Kemper and
Garnett are dead or woundedfield
officers aie among every heap of
i deal reg'mei.ts with scarcely a cap
1 tain left. The picture of 18,000 men
! marching forward with waving fl gs
; and steady step had been framed in
! blood and veiled with death.
Lee hail p'ayed his last card, and
Tin; rouRTn da v.
As the gland assault was beaten
j back every soldier lealized that the
; battle of Gettysburg had ended. Lee
'had done his bcst,"and many looked
' for a spefily retreat. At sundown
j word was passed along the lines
that the retreat had begun, and cer
tainly but few expected to see more
than hi reai-gnard when the morrow
i came. But 1 e was there and in
i position. He hail not sent off a man
: or a wagon, and he was defiantly
waiting for Meade to attack' him in
j turn. It was only when night came
and he found that he was not to be
attacked that he gave the ordtrs for
a leisurely retreat.
In leaving Virginia to invade the
North the Confederate commander
could not btmbn lhe march with too
many wagon liains. The great point
w as to cany a "tipply of ammunition,
;anil ibis point was cureinlly seen to.
i There was moie or les fighting frviin
the P.-t mac 'o Gettysburg, and
something t.f ;iu inroad had been
I made n 1 he supplies before the first
day's fiohr.v t 'nsiderable ammuni
tion wa 1'hi u the load, more cap
tured by Ft dcral cavalry, ami at the
end of tho thin I day's fight there was
not enough t.iumutiou in the Confed
erate ar y t ake it through six
hours of fight ng. In the retreat to
j the Potomac many caissons contained
only two or tlireo round-ehot, nnd
'thousands d the infantry had no
more than from five to eight cartridg
To this must be added the want of
rations. The Federal cavalry had
sadly demoralized tlie wagon trains,
, and made many captures, and when
night fell on the fourth day of Get
tysburg, not one Confederate in ten
had even a cracker in his haversack.
Lee could wait no longer. He must
fall back for food and ammunition.
what he gained.
Lee hail counted on a great battle,
and it had come to pass, but it was a
bailie in the North i'-stead of the
oo h. lie had lot. no more than
h might h'ie lost by waiting for
Hook?r to attack him in Virginia.
Instead of standing tin the defen
sive behind Southern breastwotks,
he had proven to the world that the
Confederates had strength to be
come the aggressor, and that they
could tiht as well in Pennsylvania
as iu Virginia. The eflect upon the
South was to increase confidence in
the g')Vi rmnont
While the North
1 1 j .-, ii did not f
invasion was a
ami in the army,
shouted its hosan-
rget that another
English and French summed up the
campaign to the general advantage
of the Confederates.
Those who argued that, lhe Con
federate army could never stand be
l'ote Meade again had only to wait.
until lhe first frosts of autumn to see
thai same army, again numbering
hardly more than half his strength
pressing him back upon Manatsas
from the Rapidan. M. Quad.
The best society and conversation
in that in which the heart has a
ureaier share than the head
Impnre Milk ;
The importance ' f pure milk can
hardly'. he exaggerated. It . is the
only complete food, eontaining'jaU the
elements essential. to the needa uf the
body, whether of nutrition, heat, or
organic action, for a year or so it it
tbe only loxl nfour. race Through
childhiKxl it is the safest and tmt
forKl as the. chief , article of IlieL
Through life it is an iiuiHirUnt stanle
1 r ii i..iit i .t
1 ior mi 111 neniin; nan lorine (ICK gen
erally'it is being more and more re-
cognized as the best means ' of suste
The adultaration of milk should he
held as a crime , for .which the law
should be severe. Hardly less crimi
nal is it to allow it to be charged with
the seeds ofiliease and death through
carelessness. ( v ;..ts .J. r
Says a writer in the - London Lan
cet, "Since tha discovery, by J)i. Bill
iard, that milk ; contaminated;, with
sewage water causes typhoid fever,
the attention of the whole ; profession
has , leeu directed ifff this subject;
and, there, is little doubt that many
other sffections are produced ; from
the same Cause. ' -' ' r ; ;
In 1869. many - cases of inflamation
of the glandl of , the ,, mouth, were
traced by him, iu a small district near
him, to the . milk sold by ' farmers
whose cows were suffering "... from
disease. ' J
Last year, two cases of diphtheria
having come under his notice, he visit'
ed the farm-house . from which the
milk of other . families ' came, and
found tbe pig sty adjoining the dairy
and the place the: dirtiest 1 he bad
ever seen. ; .. :
Ou visiting another, farm, which
supplied the milk to two other families
in which deaths from diphtheria had
occurred; he ' found that - the K milk
utensils were washed in water serious
ly contaminated with sewage, :
, n aavises in every, case ot tom-
atitis (inflamation of the mouth) to
change the soorce of the milk supply.
" wivia, j-'uiiu vuv last v wo yean
I have always been- able to find that
.1 ; . . .
uie niniaies oi a oouse wnere a case
- i J.. -..ui
v : 7 . y , , , f , "
St. Vitus' Dance.
This disease is sometimes describ
ed as "insanity of tbe muscles."; In
its worst form it u very distressing,
and often fatal,
At first there may be only a twitch
ing of the eyelids, or the muscles of
the face; but at length, for days to
gether, or until the person, utterly
worn out, is relieved by death, the
limbs are fearfully ' convulsed, being
dashed perhaps against the' bedpost
with tremendor a force; Or the body
is suddenly forced upwadrs to its ex
tremest tension, and as suddenly
thrown in the opposite direction; . or
the head is rolled from side . to . aide
incessantly. A. strong linen bed cov
ering will be completely destroyed by
the violent movements in a tingle day.
The body: becomes braised and ex
coriated from hand to foot .-
It most. frequently attacks children
of from ten to fifteen' years of age
Says William Smith, Eq , Fellow of
the Kpyal Medical and Cbimrgical
Society, London, "I consider the di
sease one-of increased nervous action,
deriving its source directly from too
much Btimulatiou of the nervcua yf;
tem aud the brain especially."
During childhood tbe great, object'
aiuie at by nature to overcome tbe
disease is nutrition and growth.
Play, pure air, good food, and free
dom from mental excitem nt, are
what the child should have at the ex
pense of everything else.
In case: a child shows incipient
chorea, let all attempts to excite its
intellect or its sensibilities lie wholly
avoided. Secure, without fail, the
normal activity of the stomach-and
bowels. Sponge the body daily with
cold water, for its general tonic eff.ct
But he tbe feet with wa m water
every night before retiring, for
its quieting effect Guard constantly
against all frights. Shun wines,
biers, and every form of spirits.
The Minister And The Dojrs
The late ttev L. W. Alexander
was once holding a protracted meet
ing at a country church in Virginia,
and every day there was a full attend
ance of dogs.
He was much annoyed, and wLen
at last a fight between two terriers at
tracted more than ordinary attention,
said, "Brethern, I did not know before
I came here that my preaching was
beneficial to the dog; but I suppose
the people here think, it is, from tbe
way they (lersisl iu bringing their
dogs to church. Now if you think
your dogs must hear preaching, I pro
pose that we have a separate day
appointed for them, nnd 1 will give
them a lecture ou how lo behave in
I Tlie Kxperleiioed
I Tim Pari.intl
shoemaker is thus
tnnde fun ot by a
His bootmaker brought Imn a
number five' and a quarter boot to go
on a number six and a half loot d
the process of trying it i n convinced
him of the tortners he would LaVe to
j undergo in what SbMkeHw arr has call
lhe Tami- e of the Shrew."'
Too small." he n 'lbev hurt."
"Hurl?'' rep'iea the artisl, liilterly;
Ihurt? They can't hurt! I made
'em mvself from measurements I look
! myself, and they mut
' Butthey do hurt."
"How do j'ou know ainthi
i ' Are you a shoemakei?
experience have you had anyhow?
Two pleasure boats were capsized by
a sudden squall on Lake Gennva. and
live students were drowned.
' A NtwCtrrrlh
. Of late years the attention of ii..
tors has been directed to th norfW
Of a car coupler because of the
danger of life and limb consequent i
the operation of those now in um.
wards of two hundred kinds have I
patented and each thought to be t
safest and . beat. As accidents f;
coupling cars happen daily it 1m but f
to presume that so far each IiiTt -has
. over estimated the safety of 1
contrivanceii. . f
But a Oreensboro genius, cli ;
guiahed as a statesman end. a f hi:
thropist, has hit upon the right iJea.
la forty per cent. cheaper than
other, and yet combines the very t
life and limb naving advantage of i
The idea of this new invention i t
regular drawhead, with a'ppiral t; s
which works a plug or trigger, suit
allows the link to be set to any ar,,:
and the cars to be coupled automata h!-
y. This spring fits in any bimqwr, a '
can be made at a cost of about se vei.; -
five 'cents. We hare receivsl r-.
model of the invention through Cyu
E. H. Smith, of the N C. It. II. o. TL -
inventor 'is Hon.- D. F.: Caldwell.
ilaieraaMMl raal BalnM. .
As another encouraging indication rf
Wilmington's increased prosperity er. I
progress, to add to the many ,:'
which have from time to time be- n j
sented throngh these columns, we wo- '
mention the fact, based upon the su tv
ity of Postmaster Brink, that the I u
nest of the postoffloe in this city is 1 1
least 84 per cent, better now th&n It v , .
two years ago, having increased to t' t
extent since the close of the fU id j r
880. This is important. In that iuhovt
an evident increase in the general I ni
nees of the city to an extent M h
should cause croakers to take a k
seat and- keep quiet for awhile. T5.
large increase abjoarguesaconitiJert.!
addition to our population as comj (.i i 1
with the census reports of 1680; but th
fact is so self-evident that our popula
tion Is largely tn excess of the num!r
given ns in those reports, that ther U
hardly any use in alluding to this view
of tha matter at all. The demand for
house-room, which has scarcely vr
beenso marked and noticeable, is evi
dence' enough of this fact. W'il. Star.
RepaMleaa State Bi, Conana!tt.
Pursuant to the call of the chalrm&n,
the Republican Btato Executive Com
mittee met in this yesterday afternoon,
with the following members prnneiit:
W. A. Moore, Mansfield Thornton, W.
P. Canaday, C. M. Rogers, Thomas It.
Keogh, John B. Eaves, D. A.'JrrAius
and I. J. Young. "Dr. J. J. Mott pre
sided, F. M. Sorrell acting as secretary.
The chairman explained the object of
the meeting to be the determining the
time . of holding tbe State Republican
Convention. .Some discussion was had
upon this point, which was finally fixed,
upon motion of Mr, Young, at the sec
ond .Wednesday in June next, at Ral
eigh. It was advised, also, by a major
ity of the. committee, to form an alli
ance : with the liberal movement. No
other business was transacted, and the
committee ; adjourned. AVirs n4 Ob-
$erver. , - s... '? , . ':.. '.
Cape rear aa4 TaaTkla Vallay R B.
; Meeting yesterday President Julius A.
Oray, of this road, some inquiries wre
made as to its progress. Mr, Gray aaye
that the grading is being rapidly puhhed,
and is completed to t point thirty -ft ve
miles from Oreensboro, and. only. Ave
miles from Walnut Cove, Stokes county.
At present 117 convicts are there em
ployed, Canados failure to "come to
time?, in the . matter of purohase does
not 'excite, surprise, as but few. people
expected that he would comply with the
requirements. Nor' doe there exist
any great disappointment at his fail are.
There appears , to be some' regret that
there , was . no special session of ' the
Legislature, says Mr. Gray, as it Va
thought that that body would make
some arrangements for ironing the road.
The work of grading will be continued,
and much will be done daring the corn
ing eight months. AVvs and Cbemrvtr.
- la argta.:' , S, .
A few days ago the ferryman at Meal's
ferry, on the Chattahoochee Rirer, while
putting some paesengers over in his
flat, discovered a box floating down the
river. The ferryman seized a hatteaa
and made' way to 'the box," which he
soon overhauled. ( On , reaching out his
hand to grasp it he was astonished that
it contained a sweet little babe, which
raised its head and smiled at iujeecuer.
It was a white child, well dressed, with ,
plenty of good clothing besides.' Some
old people who live in the neighborhood
have Uken the little 'ilaf.SplrU cf
the Age. - t . ' j
6aTcraarUl4fs. . ,
In company with a friend we railed
on the above named gentleman thia
morning, and we take pleasure In in
forming his hosts of .friends ia this city
and throughout the Bute, that he 4a
much better. We spent a few momenta
with him during which he conversed
very freely. Ills mind seems to he
strong, clear and vigorous,' and-if he
continues to improve, we sincerely hope
he will be up in a few days. Rcimgh
A Saaae Stery '
Mr. W. D. McAdoo's tine old gray
home. General Lee, has been sick for six
months, unable most of . the time to
work. Yesterday he gave the General
two packages of hone powders,, expell
ing a live black snake eight Roches long.
The General is much better to-day, and
it is believed his troubles were all owing
to the snake being in his stomach.--Ureenboro