S i K
; ATEs OF ADVMTUIsa :
One Inrh an week.."......'. .v. 1 1 1. 1
" bne'month..."!.'....!....'. If!
" " tbre moatlisw.,,wM.U..
Quarter column one wek....9.l..M.-.4 ' u
" oue iith-;..:.i........lli it)
- - nh jrearu.w....;.i..'.. .X0.ra
'V-'-.taj-fiiit 6 if . AS tr-ff - J
Half col am a b wrek
" oe month
" " one year. ......
One rolnmn one week..,.
JT. W. HVRPEB.4
M. 8..Nt7MN, '$
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS.
Torrna $a. OO Por Year.
... ; ...;...io.ii
lino inr, ttmwMirti.nniwMw
" " one month
NEW BERNE, N. 0., MAY 18, 1882
t'f ConlracU for adreriUing fr aar iii
or time may be made at the orllce of tlie Kru
Bbrmb Jot hi the Ihick Clork, Cntm
8treet, New Berne. North Carolina
, S . Macistral Blank al way OB kud..
( ) I R N Ai j.
f L31.. I 3 mI ."00 R f ; -
:ift''-oaf 6 pMUt'.oniMHMMj.
V- JT -Tjf- 1i i. ?s W .jo.-wr,-.-..-v
WUIpracticeln the' Counties of Greene,
Lenoir, Jones, - Onslow,- Pamlico and
i Craven; also In the TJ. S. District Court.
Prompt JLttentlcn rail to Collection of
-. . .. l uims. . .
' Opposite O as ton Hone, fffwBpmf, N. C.
Will" practice -rrr the' stAti'AsD
Federal Court and regularly attend all ae-
tnonsof the Courts m 'the -fouowma counties:
tJraveo, . Carteret, Pamlico, Jonea," Onslow,
VrJ. V. "Wiltjaxs. - - j GatesV
J. v. YrJLLLVMS &,Co,
"co:r: uz ziont merchants
WK0LT.SALE DlULXRa IX
, Solfcit nsignmeritsf .
f - S A L J. .-
a r 4-t
. : v. . v.
- 1 ' '- "
: ' New Berne, N. a ,
Jlfar. 20, 6m
- " ; NET? EillXfiH" .
VAIJ K INDS Vilt AVE AND BIT I LD-
'--t-A:-: L'O .'' ,
x ING W0H1C1X
,r v . . r.
' I I (......-...al"l4 turn 4i lab
. c . . . . .-... i -.
0r4ers will prompt attention
and eatisf action guaranteed.
1 I j ..,;vr.,. .v.
V "v.. -. . . . ' '
..... -. v .- S -
cpssor lo XI porga ,tV. ;ClayfooleY
. W If OLESALB :
r-;:T:''Trr'Ta nlrA-nva in StfM1? tn Tjftrfft
lT.f II ; ITr XIJtA IC. t;tlt' K liitu. .
; Auass stocs cr v
DRY GOODS; BOOTS, At
C Jl - " - V-
1 Arbckle j-.AriQa ' Boasted
koTIt)!s ;aiif IIpSIEhY
if W holesale buyers wilf 'find
: HTiXTK ami the. Lowest prices. - .
PoriTt fail to see me .before you buv
i5 -4-CDIiLESt. Kaw Berio,:iT. a
Lonsfellow's Poetical Aphorisms.
I.'WherenntO is money good ;
. Wbo bu it not wants hardihood.
Who has it has much trouble and care.
Who once has had it has despair.
, v THE BEST MEDICINES.
. Joy and temperance and repose
Slam the door on the doctor's nose.
r . sm.
Man-like is it to fall into sin.
' Fiend-like is it to dwell therein,
f Christ-like is it for sin to grieTe,
God-like is it all sin to Iave.
3 IThojiKS ths rdiUs of Ood grind slowly,
- Yet they grind exceeding small;
- Though with patience He stands wailing,
. With exactness grinds he all.
POVERTY AND BLINDNESS.
A blind man is a poor man, and blind
For the fgrroei metH n0 man, and ilia; latter no
, '. juan sees.: J- r.
, , LAW OF LIFE.
Live I, so tire I,
To my Lord heartily,
- To my Prince faithfully,
? ,Tomy;iieighbor KenestTy,'
Die I, so die I.
. . J, CREEPS.
, . i: ;S Lutheran, Popwh, CalvinisticaU
Tiese creeds and doptrines threisf
' - l Extant are; tut still the doubt is, where
- QifijStiaBitytoly h.'.T
THE RESTLESS HEART.
A millstone and the hnman heart are driren ever
, rouud;YfVt 5i?rtt v
If they have nothing else to grind, they must
themselves be ground.
. , CHRISTIAN LOVE.
jWhiloih Lot Was like a fire, and
Warmth and comfort it bespoke;
But, alas ! it now is Cjuenched, and
Only bites like the smoke, f f
ART AND TAOT.
Intelligence am courtesy not. lway are com-
"Often ia a wooden house a golden room we find.
Kducalion in Prussia is universal
and compulsory.. ;There at e very
fewPrtissians indeed who have not
passed . through , the, .common school
course. -Thisist because5 the law re
quires that every child shall be sent
to school "If a parent neglects to
send his boy or girl he is fined; and if
he continues this nejglee his fine is in-
creasea ana r.e is even someiitnes put
in prison.- - . -
' Every- town .and village throughout
Pru6Pia is obfiged to have schools,
supported by taxes levied upon their
luhabitauts. JSo matter how poor
the parent is,- be mast seud his chil
dren to be educated. "A small fee of
two ant a week' is ohafgecf for each
scholar; and if the parent cannot pay
even this small sum, his children are
Children are tonly compelled to
attend the town or common schools;
it is as the parent likes about sending
his children to the higher schools. . In
all there' are eleven grades of schools
in Prussia, all supported by the State,
for by public "taxrtion. '
The lowest grade is thut of the
common village or ' town school.
Next - come what are called "citiaeo
schoola," " In which further progress
is made in the ordinary branches be
gun in the common.., schools..,. The
tbirij. grade is that of - the 'real
8cho6k;' in wbioh languages, arts and
science are taught.
. t The semiuariesare one step highen
These are Hafi kind of normal schpols,
wherein young men'- and Women are
trained to teach in the common
schools. Thn.ciu, order,,eorjae,"col
leges," indaslfial schools c'8ools of
arojutecto re, schools of mines. sohools
of agripu Knre, veterinary schools, and
anally the' universities- , ,
The tenchers in the public 'schools
are considered as State officials, and
they, as well as the ' Schools." are all
adder ihe control of the Minister of
Public . Iu8tructiou. The salaries '
Daid to teachers in Prussia are verv
MaltTIt W$e&'$i4 In Berlin
tQ inasteFs is only a year, while
the sawing i. teachers for tewiiig is
taught'in the 'female schools) only re
teive 45 and. 50. It must be, borne
iitilniWerrfat the lost of liv
ing Tn Prussia is much less than in
Jthis country. "
.; Iu all. there are about twenty
eight -thousand common, sgools in
Prussjaj tfjth oyer three ruiHion pur
Arftfllpg for Guiten.
Mrt Hfpfi f'ftiiiwy with
iullee Tlie Potuts of the
the t hlef
Washington, May 9 The argu'' is logic and what is not logic.
e i,:n r : I am simnlv here to say what is law.
GuiieanV case was begun before the
General Term of the Criminal Court ;
to-day. Chief Justice Carter aud I
Justices Mac Arthur, Hagner, and I
.W.oo w,ro An t!,l WM, '.'l,.!
prisoner was not in court
f ;.. o.ioo!
H. Reed appeared as sole counsel for!
Guiteau. The points made in his
brief were these: No inquest was i
held upon the body of M r. Garfield '
I by any Coroner or other officer in the
i pistnpf p.tt. iyrp.Dio; the pnrmraai
court (l)at tried the case did not hiiye
!iurisd,ictionj tle et'tdence is undispu-.
' ted that the rfuth occurred in Mon
; rnouth County, New Jersey, and it is
thp lw, beyqnd question, th:t where j
j tje rnqrtnlwoniHl is given in one
; county anl the victim dies in another
; eminty, the person inflicting t'r.e
I wound cannot be tried in either for,
! murder, ucifss there is some statute
to authorize it, and in this ca-e there ,
I is none.
Mr. Heed proceeded to quote an- ;
thoritifs in support of ibis last point.
When he quoted Lord Bacod, the
Chief Justice asked if this wai the old ;
metapnysicmn xsacon. Mr. llet-d re
plied that it was the same Bacon who
wrote the abridgment. A like ouo-
tation from Lord Coke was. alluded
to by the Chief Justice as "a bald
statement coming from the grand-fath-r
of the law."
'Who ought to be respected,' Mr.
'And he says,' remarked the Chief
; Justice, with an air of incredulity,
j 'that the blow is a fiction of law,
! when considered in connection with
Coining to another case decided by
j the Supreme Court of Wisco.siu,
; where the mortal wound was given in
Clark County and the man died in
;j Grant County, Mr. Reed quoted this
language: The onence of man
slaughter did not consist of the mere
shooting and wounding the deceased.'
The Chief Justice asked what there
was in the crimo in that case that had
not been complete.
Mr. Reed I have- . tried to make
myself understood that the crime of
murder is' - not complete until the
death of the victim.
The Chief Justice So that the ex
piration of a man '8 breath in articulo
mortis is a part of the offence is it ?
Mr. Reed So Bays the law. I am
not responsible for the decisions that
I have read, and they are certainly
from respectable authority.
The Chief Justice Yes, as re
spectable as their reasons make them,
and no more.
Mr. Reed That is a matter for
your Honors to dispose of.'
The Chief J ustice I would like to
have you tell us, or any of these
learned Judges that you are quoting
tell lis, -hat part of the offence re
maibea to- be completed after the
man had got through with doing all
that he could to kill another he
doing to him that which inevitably
would kill him? Whether there is
anything in the fever or in the short
breath or in the last strangulation
that enters into the aggression on his.
Mr. Reed I answer you in the j
language of those distinguished jur
ists whom I have read, who are far
better able to decide the question
than I am. They say that the crime
is not complete until death occurs,
and that the death must occur in the
jurisdiction of the court that tries the
The Chief Justice Why not leave
it on the sensible ground that a horn-;
icide who has committed murder
shall uot be tried save in the place:
where be exerted the violence, and
let it rest on dogmatism and not on
an attempt to reason about it?
Mr. Rred If your Honor calls it
dogmatism, aud rests it on that, I am
satisfied. I know that it is techni
cal, but technicalities may become
substance, and a necessary substance,
for the protection of life and liberty.
It. is the law to-day throughout the
civilized world that to constitute the
orinre of murder the victim must die
within a year and a day. If Mr.
Garfield had lived thirty minutes be-'
yond the one-year and one day, Gni
tean wouldohave been saved, abso
lutely, with the armor of the law
about him. That is a technicality,
but it is the law. If that is a techni
cality and yet the law, is not this
question of the jurisdiction of the
court a more grave technicality?
Tdr Honors are bound by these de-
jjisiona. uuiteau and myseit are not
responsible for this omission of the
iiw. -- Neither are Your Honors.
The Chief Justice What has been
Mr. Reed Cougress has failed to
provide for the puuishraetit of such a
case aa this.
The Chief Justice That is all pro
vided for, is it not ? A Judge comes
in and says that the offence was not
complete. Why ? Not because a
man has not shot another man to
death, but because he did not happen
to die in the place where he waa shot,
thus making the effect of the crime a
part of it. It ia the Judges who
have made that law.
Mr. Reed Undoubtediy, and the
Judges have made the common law.
The Chief Justice I notice that
your doctrine grows stronger as you
travel back into twilight. I have no
ticed that all the way through. Coke
puts the prapoajt'on, a little stronger
than. a.ny of them,
Mr. Jfceed Suppose there were nut
other authorities un this question
tfean those which have cited, would
not your Honors he hou.nU hy them?
The Chief JqatioeWfhere ia a sort
l uf logic that merely mixes up the
Mr. Reed I am i.tt here to say
rhfre re a great many absnidtUus .
nr la' ",U lt S 1ft w , 4ba 8ame- !
r. Reed wmS on to wy thar twenty-j
"x Statea of tbls, U,.u nave -passed j
statutes to remedy thu omissTon in j
me common law recognizing tne ne-
cessity of legislation to cover the case.
He also argued that the day fixed fur
the hanging of Gaiteau ws n,Pt a,u
thorijed by the hwe, o the Dastrict of
Columbia, as. he ha not heen giyeu
all the time the law says he should
In regard to Judge Oox's charge to
the jjury, r. Reed excepted to
Judge Cox's declaration as tothedoc--trine
of reasonable du')t. He com'
plained that Judge Cox's instructions
on that point were so involved and
mixed us to he beyond the compre
hension of twelve ordinary mon.
The Chief Justice Unles they
were fools they could understand
that; could they not ?
Mr. Reed's argument will he
cod tiu lied tomorrow
me ujniei season isomer, tne can-
ning factory cornm,enr$d vork on gar
don peas Saturday. Over one hundred
hands were shelling.
Gmit and Dyspepsia.
it is well know'i that gout is a
common disease :n England. In
this country it is so rare that little is
known about it outside the medical
profession. It is, however, an ex
ceedingly painful disease, and the in
tervals between the attacks tend to
grow less and less as is illustrated
iu the case of Spurgeou, who is now
j so frequently driven from his pulpit
: by them.
As the witty Frenchmen has de-
scribed it, rheumatism is your hand
in the vise till you can stand it no
longer; gout is one more turn of the
Luxurious living, with insufficient
exercise, is universally regarded as its
cause, except that one may inherit a
tendency to it, though even this,
doubtless connects with inherited
Dyspepsia, on the other hand, is,
in this country, as common as gout
is rare. This, also, b largely due to
improper eating improper in quality.
One, may bave naturally Weak pow
ers of digestion; or the digestive ca
pacity may .have become weakened
temporarily or permanently, by grief,
care, anxietyy pressure of business,
unremitting brain-work, or too little
exercise in the open air.
At a late meeting of the Boston
Society for Medical Observation, Dr.
Curtis pointed out the common origin
of the two diseases in overeating.
Gout results where digestion is vigor
ous. Th e b 1 ood becom es overcharged
with food, mainly nitrogenous.
This, instead of being eliminated in
the form of urea, carbolic acid, etc.,
remains in the system imperfectly ox
ydized, as the Bource of the latter di
sease. Ih the United, States overeating, giv
ing rise to dyspepsia, prevents that ex
cess of unassimilated nutriment which
is the foundation of England's more
painful affliction. louth s Compan
Patience Finds a Way.
A writer in the Ledqer mentions a
worthy old man, 'Uncle' Alden
Palmer, who uttered a good many
sensible sayings of his own, and was
fond of quoting the maxims of oth
ers. Une old sentence that he often
repeated was, "Patience and persever
ance will accoomplish all things."
One day, in at the old man,s mill, in
Norway, Maine, he had repeated the
old axiom, in good faith, when a self
important man, who was waiting for
grist, disputed him
No, sir! I can tell you many tilings
which patience and peseverance can
'irerhaps you can. replied uncle
Palmer, quietly; 'but 1 have never yet
come across the thing. Will you
"Will patience aud perseverance
ever enable you to carry water in a
'Certainly they will.'
'I would like to have you tell me
how it is to be accomplished.
'Simply by waiting patiently for
the water to freeze !'
This recalls the storv of the Indian
loafer in th older New England days
who had more wit than industry, lie
was always begging cider at white
men's houses, and one farmer in jest
promised to give him a sieve full. It
was winter, and the Indian placed
his sieve In water and let the water
freeae and then carried off the
Do Small Things Thoroughly.
Every boy should ponder the words
of the Preacher in Ecclesiastes:
'Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do,
doit with thy might.' The injunc
tion is exceeding broad, for it covers
small things as well as large ones.
The Hon. Josiah Quincy reports, in
the Independent, a conversation be
once had with Daniel Webster, which
illustrates the preacher's words:
The conversation was tunning upon
the importance of doing small things
thoroughly and with the full meas
ure oi cue's ability. Thi3 Webster
illustrated by an account of some
petty insurance cases that were
brought to him when a youug lawyer
Only u small amount was iuvolved,
aud a twenty-dollar fee was all that
was promised. He saw that to do his
olients full justice, a journey to Bos
ton, to consult the J aw Library,
would be desirable.
He would be out of pocket by such
an expedition, and for Uis time he
would receive no adequate cumpensa
tion. After a little hesitation, he
What it might. He accordingly went
-Htr.r, WA-n.l ..f-
and gained the case.
Years after this, Webster, then fa-
mous, was passing through JNew York,
: r i'
tuiuuiinui, luouiauuc CUBt) uatt iu
be tried the day after his arrival, and
oc of tfee pounael had suddenly been
1 . 77 J
Money was no object, and Webster
was begged to name his terms aud
conduct the case
"I told thepA,'1 said Mr. Webster,
'-Hhftt it was preposterous to expect
me to prepare a legal argument at a
few hour's notice. They insisted,
however, that I should look at ihe
papers; and this, after seme demur, I
consented to do.
"Well, it was my old twenty-dollar
case over again, and as I never forget
anything, I had all the authorities at
my fingers' end. The court knew
that I had no time to prepare, and
were astonished at the range of my
"So, you see, 1 was handsomely
paid both in fame and money for that
j lournev to Uostoii; and tlie moral is
that sood work is rewarded in the
end, though, to be sure, one's own
elf-approval should be enough."
The Squirrel Problem.
'A squirrel is up a tree and a man !
on the ground with a gun is trying to '
shoot it; but the squirrel persists in
keeping on the opposite side of the
treefiom the man The man walks
clear around the tree to the place of
starting, the squirrel going about in
the same direction and keeping the
tree all the time between itself and
the man. Now the problem is, 'Has
the man been around the squirrel?'
He has been around the tree with
the squirrel on it, but has he been
around the squirrel !'
JLhe ExDres9 invited answers to
, . . i
r;fb which fasns sras i
seven, or wmcn Biteen say ye
man does go around the squirrel, and
twelve say no, he does not. A few
t)ave sent us their reasons, and two
send figures demonstrating the. prob
lem. The following answers are
1. Of ourse the man goes around
the squirrel. He goes around the
tree aud everything on it.
2. Should the squirrel have the
start I am of the opiuion that the
man goes around it.
3. Not by a darn Sight does the
hunter walk around the squirrel.
4. The man does not go around
the squirrel. Might as well claim
that by having a horse attached at
A and another at B each describing
the same circle, keeping at opposite
sides of circle the horse at A would
at every time going around the ring
go around the inside half of B and
that B retumed the compliment
A( X- )B
to A in the same manner simply be
cause the outside of one described a
larger circle than the inside of the
other. In other words a man or horse
in describing any circle goes around
one-half of himself.
5. The man goes around the squir
rel. It is just like a wheel within a
C. The man don't go around the
squirrel. 1 have tried it and had I
got around the squirrel, I would
have shot it.
7. If there was no tree there and
the squirrel was running around in a
circle on the ground and the man was
going in a larger circle I should say
the to an went around the squirrel.
But when, you put a tree there it is
different. The man does not go
around the squirrel on the tree.
8. The man doesn't go around the
squirrel any more than the squirrel
goes around the man.
9. Of course the man doesn't go
around the squirrel. If I am stand
ing on the nigh side of a horse and
start to walk round him, and the
horse keeps turning as I go, I am on
the nigh side of him all the time, am
I not ? And I don't go around him
if I am on the nigh side all the time,
do I? The easels precisely similar
to this of the squirrel on a tree.
Fashionable summer sports have
their peculiar risks, and every one
should know how best to protect him
self in danger. Some suggestions
by a writer in Nature may be of use
to those who t-pend the summer at
the sea side. They relate to swim
ming, and that is au accomplishment
that is of more serious importance
than most other mere accomplish
ments that are taught young people.
The bathing I might say the
drowning season is now about to be
gin, and many lives will unhappily
be lost. As the human frame, bulk
for bulk, is lighter than water, all
that is needful to save life is to
permit the body to sink until it shall
displace as much water as equals the
Then paddle gently, as the lower
animals do, with hands and feet, the
head being held erect, wherever it
is desired to go. This direction being
carried out is absolutely all that is
needful under ordinary conditions to
preset ve life.
These few directions ought to be
stuck up in every bathing place in
the three kingdom?. Children in
' every instance ought to be made to
tread water from the earliest age, say
in shallow slate-baths with blood
warm water, or, when convenient and
suitable, in some river, pond, or in
the open sea.
A leather belt with ring, and a
stout rod with Iiu and hook, areem
! ployed hy Portuguese mothers to in
struct their children. The mother,
j rod iu hand, stands ou the brink; the
child learns in the water.
In Paris swimming-schools the
i f uie Procedure is resorted
I business cannot be begun
1 1 fw mer m ants swstammg them-
I m-tlwmn nf Ait Iti . i i I bn r-vl t 1 ! t O fQ
lJ u ,uc -
. m v"
' Treadincr water is
far safer than
i . . . , ,
n ni ,i i, , . .- nrian . . . i , i raw
I aouifc. a" " woB.u' ,wnu "as
nio t a art if o K rtr r lnrrtn (lnia I lo
: . 1 .11 .... 1 i.
1 T- , ,
! !er water' the 0
; mg is reduced to zero. The
conviction instilled that the body is
involves no uncertainty, no delay. :
Very different from swimming, it can
i be acquired at once.
( ointneiKi mculH.
Tliis is tho season for editors to re
ceive 'oomplimentaries'" to the school
commencements. To-day we have two,
one from Ia Orange and the other from
i Graham. At the Graham school, taught
by Rev. D. A. Long, Gov. Jarvis will
: address the graduating class; and at
j La Grange Academy, taught by MoBsrs.
Rouse and Joj-ner, Prof . Gt&o T. Win
; ston. of tho Stata University, will de
I livor the annual address.
The funeral of Captain Bums Mid
yette, of the Susan, running between
Hyde and New Berne, took place early
on Saturday morning. Captain Mid
yette had been sick about a week, of
pneumonia, in tha Marine Hospital, and
died on Friday.
(.From the Detroit Free Press.
From tho Ohio to the Sea.
Brass' Siege of Chattanooga.
If there is ever another war be
tween the North and the South,
Chattanooga. Nashville and Knoxville
will again be rategic positions worth
fighting for. The Confederates early
discovered their value and clung to
them with grim tenacity. Nature had
done so much for Chattanooga that
man had only to plant a few guns to
make the position seemingly impreg
nable. When Gen. Brag? held it in the
fall of 1863, he reported to the War
"t-y ma -w
to capture ChattauvKga. r When
Rosecrans held it, two weeks later, he
reported to Grant that he could hold
the place against the whole Confeder
acy. But both commanders had to
learn that an army without rations is
When Rosecrans reached Chatta
nooga and surveyed the position, be
saw that a direct assault would end
in disaster. Then he began hunting
for the weak point, and he moved by
the dank. When he had cut Bragg
liaes to the west and south not an
other pound of rations eould enter
Chattanooga, and starvation was only
a question of days. Bragg, sure that
Rosecrans meant to assault and con
fident that he could repel him, was
deceived into remaining quiet until
the flank movement had been accom
plished. .Then, in a day, the blow
fell, and he saw that he must either
evacuate or march oat and attack the
Federal army. That he did. not
choose the latter course was at first
attributed to cowardice, but subse
quent events proved that he meant to
meet strategy with strategy. . Before
any Confederate had -come down to
half rations Bragg was marching out
of Chattanooga, bands' playing, flags
flying, and the men in good spirits.
None ' of his earthworks were dis
turbed, and the bridges were all left
in perfect order.
Awake at last to what Rosecrans
was. doing, Bragg; had bestirred him
self with such energy that before
leaving Chattanooga he knew the po
sition of every Federal division. The
nearest corps, was eight miles- away,
and the farthest was about forty. By
rapid marching he could strike them
in detail. The fact that Bragg was
retreating proved to Rosecrans that
he was demoralized, and he started
Crittenden's corps in pursuit This
command, by making a short cut to
head Bragg ou, escaped annihilation.
He had the trap Eet tor his game, but
the game hai taken another road.
It was these movements which brought
on the battle of Chickamauga. ' Bragg
had faced about, ready to fight,' and
in ten days more it was Rosecrans
who was shut up in Chattanooga "and
it was Bragg who was playing the role
A BAD SITUATION.
Bragg's army had been sup'plied
by railroads running into the Confed
eracy, but when Rosecrans ' found
himself penned up he realized that
every pound of rations for hid large
army must not only come by wagon,
but he hauled mote than fifty miles
over roads which to-day a farmer's
team can hardly pull along with ten
bushels of oats. If the Confederates
did not meddle with the Nashville
Railroad supplies could be wagoned
over the mountains iu limited quanti
ties. Rosecrans had to trust to luck
and arrange bis trains.
OVER THE MOUNTAINS.
A brigade of soldiers lying within
half a mile of a depot of supplies will
keep twenty wagons on the move all
the time. 1 hink, then, now many
wagons it would take to supply bay,
i corn, clo'hiDg, rations, equipments,
etc., to a large army sixty miles from
a depot! War has never furnished
! a similar case, and probably never
. will. I was over twelve miles of the
. route the other day, and I found a
hundred places where it seemed un
sa fe for one to venture in the saddle.
For all that loug sixtv miles there
was not a spot in that fall of 1863
' where a team could strike a trot It
took two days and a half or three
uays to go wiui empty waguus, uuu
I four and live to return. Where the
road crossed a valley the mud was
hub-deep. Where it ascended a hill
six spans of mules were necessary to
handle the load. In many places
there are stretches of two miles where
the road is too narrow for vehicles
like army wagons to pass. This fact
sometimes delayed the wagons for
! A STILL OLOOMIEB THOSPECT.
' Bragg was determined that Hose-'
crans should leave Chattanooga be
fore help could come from the WeBt.
He would not make au assault, aud
RosecraoB would have met with de
feat if marching out to attack him.
Therefore his plan was to starve the
Federals out, aud he came so near
success that none who were shut up
there will ever forget the short
rations dealt out. The Nashville
Road was several times torn up at
different points, aud systematic at
tacks made on the wasron trains.
Over a thousand wagon loads of sub-
and after a few weeks the whole bombardment he could not have !
route was lined with wrecked vehicles earned it. One has but to rid. to j
and dead mules. Rosecrans mighi the crest of the mountain to see how
keep his soldiers in bread and meat greatlv his position was overesiima
a little longer, but there came a day ted- He had three ""9 behind
when nothing further could be ! breastwork which stilt stands in o.-d .
thought of. Tho hoi ses must starve. I relir ad fourth down between I
and the men who were without shoes
anrl ..verenata miisl ni.Vo tho fcat ,.f it
Fall came on, cold and rainy, and
hundreds of the men were suffering
for the want of clothing aud tents.
Bragg thre his lines across from
Missionary Ridge to Lookout Moun
tain, and one of his most advanced
fdits now stands withio the city limits
and close beside a summer resort.
He was not idle an hour day or night
There was a constant, firing all along
the picket lines, and the Confederate
cavalry was particularly aggressive.
The country was entirely stripped of
forage, aad the question of , "how to
beat Bragg" was finally lost In the
search for food. Some regiments
were without coffee for days at a
time. Others got coffee but no pork.
Others yet considered themselves
lucky to get coffee ,ond . hard-tack,
Rosecrans could not march out and
attack, and had he evacuated Chatta
nooga Bragg was ready to , pursue
and overwhelm him. , He had ' only
one coarse to stick.
Men who fought under Rosecrans
are not satisfied with the treatment
he received at! the hands of Grant
Take all that has come to light io
these long twenty years and there is
much for him and something against
him. He was a ; fighter. Where
other Generals would have realized
their defeat he had only commenced
to fight. He had the confidence of
officers and ,men. Another might
have moved out and attacked Bragg,
goaded on by newspapers and politi
cal clamor, but he refused certain
defeat It is a good General who
knows when not to attack. -
On the other hand, it is claimed
that Rosecrans lacked strategy; that
bis pursuit of Bragg was a woeful
mistake, and that in so doing he was
doing' exactly what Bragg planned
for him. Bragg had plenty of time
to evacuate Chattanooga, yet he did
not touch a bridge nor -destroy such
stores as he could v not carry - off
Critics have said that these incideuU
should have Bhown Rosecrans that
his enemy was in no way demoralized.
Had he hurried up his scattered corps
and slipped into Bragg's warm nsst
his army would nave secured all the
key positions and been in trim for a
fight at any point The battle of
Chickamauga. not only reduced the
army in si fearful manner, but demor
alized it for weeks, and thousands of
the infantry were left without arms.
And, too, Rosecrans could have at
anytime accomplished what Thomas
eet about before he . had been in
Chattanooga twenty-four hours
opening a shorter line of communica
tion. It seems not to have been his
failure as a fighter so much as the
claim thut be was a failure as a strat
egist, which caused his removal.
But, whatever .the causes ard. what
ever the criticisms, "Old Rosy's"
name will ever bring a cheer to the
lips of the men who fought under his
In the last days of. the siege there
was not enough forage in Chattanooga
to supply the horses of one full bat
tery. Had Rosecrans attempted to
retreat he could not have drawn a
dozen field-pieces away. Shade and
fruit trees were cut down for the ani
mals to browse on, and in some
instances citizens were routed off
their straw beds that the contents
might go to the horses. By and by
every horse was a gaunt skeleton,
weakly wandering over the black
fields in search of patch or shrub,
and one after another they fell down
and died of sheer starvation.
The soldiers had to make the most
of their slim fare, and even to divide
with the women and children of Chat
tanooga. After the lapse of a month
not a house in the place had flour,
meat, butter, milk or potatoes- When
families had eaten what they had in
stock they appealed to the soldiers.
PRIDE VS. HUNGER.
When Bragg evacuated tho city
one of his colonels left a young wife
behind. She was from South Caroli
na and a thorough Yankee hater.
She was at first comfortably provided
with provisions, but as the days went
by and she divided with this neigh
bor and that, hr stock ran low. She
finally had nothing left but corn meal
and dried peas, and one night a ser
vant girl stole dl the meal. Other
women were appealing to the Feder
als, but this one determined to die
first She had pea-soup, pea-pudding
and peas cooked in various other
shapes, and when the peas gave out
she gave a negro a dollar to cut her a
steak from a mule which had fallen
dead ia a field across the way. She
had made up her mind to brave it
through, but the mule meat was
worse than the blue coats and she
locked up ber pride aud applied for
Lookout Mountain seems to hang
right over Chattanooga; but one
must ride for two long hours from
tho center of the city to reach the
spot where Bragg had four guns
planted to bombard the place. There
was more talk than shoot, only one
of his pieces could be sufficient! v de-
pressed to strike the town, and his
occasional blazing away amounted to
nothing when summed up. Two
shells ntrnck & hotel without
to anybody, and a piece of another
wounded a colored boy on the street
Had he been offered a reward for
killing ten Federals in a month's
i f ue ro8 0,1 lne fel,0,- huty "'l
;l U eu,r of these gUIIS was ft breat-
work tl.ro wu up to cover two
up to cover iwo regi
ments of in an try. It is there to-day,
ookiug jjust as it did on that eventful
day when Hooker's troops struck it
in flank aud , sent the Confederate
rushing through ' the pines. lltwl
Grant ignored the position entirely it
must have been evacuated a soon un
Missionary llidge was captured.
' OIVB MK TEN lUTSMOtta.', . j "
So said Bragg when tlfinga were at
their worst in Chattanooga,' nm! if
Thomas hadn't r bestirred himself.
starvation would hav compelled n
-urrender. In the fffurt. to supply
the army from Bridgeport by wngon,
Bosecrans lost 11,500 mules and horn
es on ' the roar". ' One could havo
walked the entire distance on ih ir
dead bodies, aud in journeying over a
part of the route tha other day.' 1 saw
many of the skeletons at ill bleaching
on the hillsides and in ' the' ravines.
There was also. low of over Tl.OO!)
army waguns, and at least a million
dollars', worth of stores ..That the
Federal forces held the key to Kant
Tennessee, with a victorious army in
front and starvation in tear, is a mat
ter deserving of more praise than
history has given it. .Had -Bragg
retaken the place, the consequence
would have been felt from the Army
of the Potomac to Vicksburg. , '',.' '.'
Chattanooga, Tenu. M. QrtAt.
Casting Their Eyes Houth-uard.
The Plans rtbe, Itepabllcona to Make
Vp ' rr Expected Umwi In tbe
: Nrtli. ..-,.!: ;.;.....;;..;.,.- . ,.. .1
Washington, May '8. The' Rc-'
publican ; National Committee ' is
sending circulars throughout: the
South inviting prominent men in the
Republican party to meet' the com
mittee in conference in this city on
some day in June. The object of this
conference is. to find out how rory .
districts it will be possible for the.
Republicans lo carry y an expendi
ture of money and work, how many
there is a fair chance 6f carrying, and
howmany may bo 'carried by indc-''
pendents as against regular Demo
cratic candidates. It is certain that .
the Republican. committee expects to
carry a large number of the Congres
sional districts ia the South. It has
already issued an appeal for money,
and speakers will be sent tr the
South and other preparations made
lo make up in that section for tho
losses which are to occur in the North.
The appoiutment of : Major-Gen.
Jim Scoville as special ageut of the
Treasury is undoubtedly a part of the
programme.-' Scoville, who seems to
have run his career as a Jersey Re- ,
publican, Democrat, feud Independent,
will be sent into the Southern States
aa soon as the canvass opus to make
soeeches, and otherwise to represent
the Administration' in the arrange
ments -forTCcnring Rermblican Con
gressmen from ' that section. N. Y.
Sun. - - "' '" ;- ' i
The Union army, in 1862 lay en
camped on the north bank of the '
Rappahannock, opposite what was to "
be the disastrous field of Fredericks- ,
burg. On the bank of the liver, in '
the extreme front of the' Union line,'
stood tbe house of Mrs. Gray, a Iong,
rambline stone buildincr. whoso frout
of three stories faced the river. ,Tho;,' '
roof sloped sternly toward the rear,. ' ,
where the stone side waa but one
story high. Mrs. Gray herself, an'
elderly widow'" had received the
Union advance with every deoionstra-' '
tionof welcome, and her house soon
became a favorite rendezvous for
young officers. A prime cause of thia, ;
aside from Mrs.' Gray's. cheerful -
hearth and good fare, was the beauty ,
of her daughter SUie,a brunette ot :
perhaps 29 years. A young lieutcn- j
ant was badly' wounded . by those '
batteries, and spent all his ppare time
at the feet of this fair 'Southerner,-'1 , .
who professed such sympathy with the
Union cause. ; ; ; ; i.
Late one rainy night a sentinel , '
pacing back ana forth before the
tone front of the Grey house hsard .
a fuint but sharp noise cutting the ''
still uir. It sounded like tbeelick of
a telegraph instrument and Usenmed ,
to come from "beneath , hit feet-. f ,
Greatly perplexed he called the ser-i ''
gcant of the guard. They lUtoncd.V
carefully and were presently joiued t ,
by tho gallant lover of ta I lie Gray.,
Conviction of treachery "smote'' his
heart and with the sergeant -he tmJ ''
ceremoniously entered tbe Gray -v '
dwelling. b'allie and her mother, ,
despite the late hour, , were ,. busily k , "
sewing by a table in the sitting-room.
The ladies rose in apparent 'surprise u. 5
indignation at the intrusion.' ' 4
'And fctep aside, if you please said
the sergeant .;.'',. . ,.., ,V . '
' W hat docs this meaut' asked Mrs.
Gray sharply. 4 i- '.'.' 5 X
'brunk. 1 appeal to you for protoc'-11' ,
tioD," cried the young lady to the lieu- w
tenant. That officer could Only shake ('. "i
his head and sternly wave her .aside.,,.
You are false. You have deceived ' , , ,
rae,' he said hoarsely, aa the girl who
had promised to be his bride artuk '.'
i sobbing upon a sofa. )
The soldiers could hear . ticking i -
more plainly now. They moved the ',
I table, lifted the carpet, and "discover- f
; ed u trap door leading to a cellar ok"
whose existence i bey had no snapi '. v
cion. A light below was nurtautiy
I qiieiit lied but they fearlessly descend
and discovered a teiegrnpu lnsirumen
w ith an insulated wire running through ' '
ihe ce'lar, und evidently passing
luath tbe river to the enemy ou the
other suU. OouchiBg iu a corner!'. v.
was the operator, n youg and baud--,
some man, who had never before been ' '
i a . - a
netn about the houe, having lived lor
days iii the aellar. ' V oil are mv nrig- r
oner' troin the serea-'l brought the
dititssc(l wail frum poor, Salli of,
'My husband, oh my husbai.d,' The, ,";
heart of the Union" lieutenant' wt-ot "
hack once mile to tlli) girl he lei t be-'
hind him. - . - , '