1TETT BLE1TE JOUEITAL.
BATES OF AIVFI!T1MN.
! !? - otte wools
- in nm.mm ccrsrtf bljC
'-V ftaTBH . aCBfiCBieWO!:. ' "
; J.. ...
4nrlrcoIiimh one u eeir..
I JbtW eolmuH our ,wrk..i,v......
v v ; " ; , t on nwibM.
W, II IH PER,
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS.
0X3. OO PorTToar.
" ; nnrNlnino tm -k..
' . , , , one year
Contract for aterliiiif for an v i"n
or lira may l made at ilia nifW r Hie '
NEW BERNE, N. C, MAY 25, 18K2.
, Banna JotnAU, in llii HrlcU Hi.x k, Ci-.
,'1 Street, New Heme. Korth Carolina.
1tetrta Stank .lwy Ml h4",S
r.ir. a- -a..'- ciiMSTjUjar.
v V Uk l.....lIf
. , : -f i t ' ' , - K
. - Opposite Oaaton Boose N eW Bernei NVV .
wunnn: in the rtats ato
ml Coarts an4 irpiUrlr Mtond aJl ae-
"Coons tn iouowibi
t - :
Mar. 30, ly
,i . - t- j 5v 1
Si:"; :u: :r ::t3tomc3-
-if- i p
C.I:r3 trill rsdeivVprotopt tteaioa
; " J ;-S- PTOrietor,-v
(rccrcesfior to George; W.; Claypoole)
. New Barne, N. a
M ' f
; t,ARttESTAKI) OLDEST
O ; U;.S
Lcaotr - -
J .Y. . a. ...
... cciz : ;::
' 1 1 !
la g. .-rlety.;:: -
";..; ': u. :--.
NOTIONS and IlOSIEUY
Wholesale bverrriU6nd a large
- .- , : -. . . -S' -
Doatfail to see me before you buy
h v - ; tvl f iCSSia k'tSW Ben,. ft
- T t . Lilies.
Tlghtlj heW nd softly kissed,
. Is the mleoV"!!sld?n feir .
r The Lllfei. N;A
s-In the saowy bridal wreath,
Shadf..gbappy face beneath,
, y ' The Lilies.
Iu the chambers of the dead,
Crown with grace the lifeless head,
Z . ' 1 tFf om The Tanner and -Mechanic
iTlMr'lAad ofi fands! The
JiortU Statw Forever:
Tbe trutli. b that North Carolina
was Besignf by . Nature to become
the dat of a ereat and' self-sustain-
inl xJation, corarriainsc among - its i
j people cjery branch or industry, un
like toe Agncuiiurai oiaies. oi lows
and J Ohio, br. the i mannfactnrtng
States,' of . Massachusetts and Jfew
York, :-;wev have ! a combination of
both, together with all the adjunct
ive and conjunctive - attributes . of
both.'.-.:- ' .-v .', "'ii;-;
To comprehend this, it ia -necessa-
ryjor onti(erpr.ea;re:Iherh7thff -bood in hls mnacj
member two things; 1st. 1 hat Northj transformed into untiring force.
Carolinais an: immense'parairelo
gram. COO miles u length," stretch
ing East to West, and rising! stepbjr
step; in billowy terraces, f om the
rich flat arlTaeetf fjRtoanaka Island,
where the first "European;" foot . trod
American soil', to . the storm . swept
still higher,; pk . of . 3IitclielL , the
highest land east of the Rockj.Mouri
tains. . 2d,' That North Carol ina is
mid way between the Iakcs - and '. the
Golf, the Hot States, and -lhe. Cold,
the cotton eon ntry and the corn ! - " - -:
So to properly 'classi fy the State
you roust divide it . into . a North, a
Sontli, an East, and a west, Carolina;
four slices each of them 3 larger than
Massachusetts or Connecticut. These
four Grand -Districts ijnusti- next be
nub-divided into Eight Districts. :i
). In the i.M?gti CmF&iUlyft9,
trict are the- bulk of the. fisher
ies, the largest Inland Fisheries in
America-? Sweet potatoes? and . tim
ber i; are i siex 4 in I ihi portance ; truck
farming next! fMT
I rThe Second, Congressional District
has probably the best cotton lands of
the State? with the bulk of the pea
nuts, and the trucking, though con
fined to a few localities,' ; CAIsd some
fisheries and . Na val stores. ; ' . .; '
'.-The Third (gremdtpistrict
emhraeesfwith ihe'ebutteof Robe
son : and jRichmond; added J-hearly
the entke Tary PitcH and Turpentine
traffic of the Statel Also the rice;
and a1 sharej bf?"fhei3ahutsif.Ium
; The Fourth Congressional Ifist'ricf
comprises the great :bqlk of the to
bacco crop, .and. ; its manufacture.
Theite?are.i special Iocalities1which
ra ise, and man ufactnre; but .the area
is small comparatively.
i :"r She Fifth Congressional District
comprises the duJk o! the ! manufac
tories; there being some 20 or more
cotton factories in the two counties of
AUamance: and, Randolph; and per-
haps half as many at other points.
:.; The -Sixth Congressional JHstrict
is a long, strip : of counties ' on the
Southern border nearly all differing;
but all Very productive. The - upper
end of the District; includes the man
ufacturing cou n ties of Mecklenburg,
Gaston, and Catawba (a dozen ; facto
ries) and the; mineral counties of ; Uu
ion, Cabarrus,' Stanly, Montgomery,
and Lincoln. - ; - '
,.The Seventh District takes 'iu. the
vast , area ofr highlands, embracing
timber, stock raising, grain -and fruit,
minerals, i and a - larger " number of
small distilleries -.than any . simi la r
area; .'.- I'. ; -
The Eighth District $s -called thet
.Mountain District, but -.'.-comprises-" 01
counties, some of which, are -. mineral,
like Cleveland, Rutherford, Burke,
McDowell, Mitchell, ' Macon, et al;
some are chiefly adapted to grazing;
some ' have, splendid . tobacco, " corn ,
asd wheat lands; and all. are noted
fojf tb?; finest; ef lumber : and fruit
Indeed the prevalence of timber: and
of fruit (whereeuUi
; manufacturing facilities, 'water pow
der, etci forbids the claiming of a Mr
nopoly by any one district.
- But it will be seen that each of
; the Eight Congressional Districts in
to which the ' G counties of North
Carolina are divided has its special i
Lieainrf irom wnicii tne intelligent;
reaner may get a lair idea et tne ni
Tersity in ; climate, soil, and indus
tries of the so called "Tar. Pitch, and
The Tokay Vineyard heal- Payettt -ville
planted about twenty-five years
ago by the late Henry L. My rover,
more for a "pastime -.than for profit
has been extended every year, until,
under the proprietorship of Col.
Wharton J. Green, ii haj asRiimed
huge proportions, as one of the groat
industries of the State. Col. Green,
a gentleman not only of fine culture
and AttAinmento. hut of mileh hnainesa
i.lJt,4 ' a...! Anarrrv liAa nu? o uina
trade which ven his great wire cel
lars Van scarcely supply. His Con
cord wine is pronounced by connois
enrs to be equal to the Claret; his
scuppernong, Delaware and other
wines command a ready sale at home
and abroad, while be manufactures,
"champazue" that is as good as the
large proportion cf what is bought in
this countrv as "JJry Koderer or
"Green Seal." Before the Scupper
nong matures, the early grapes come
Jon; and Col. Green ships thousands
of - boxes of Dela wares, Concords, :
Ionas, &c., &c., to New York, Phila-1
delnhia and Baltimore. The table j
varieties are not grown as the scup-
K . . . '
pernong, on arbors, but are trellised,
pt pruned down year
When the Bcuperii:)ng is ripe all
the women, boys and girls white
and black through the surrounding
country, who are in need of work, are
employed to gather the harvest, and
they go over the ground with great
cloths which are spread on the ground,
and the fruit is earefnlly picked or
beaten off, and conveyed by hundreds
of bushels to the vats and presses.
One scuppernong vine, alone, at Tokay
bears every year, it is estimated, 100
bushels, and there aie many which
produce from 25 ; to 40 bushels.
Farmer' and Mechanic.
ryspepsiH at tlio South.
TliroTkfirkata ia mir nnfinunt nlivain.
logical ailment, im o class ot persons ' We pele tnat.tne Midland is - now
is exempt from it. -tl, man should be I making cohsidefable headway in ad
able to eat freely," and . to enjoy the j ding repairs and pushing; their wor'c.
eating of all sorts of wholesome food, j Steel, rai Is are beingjdistributed ; near
It should' give him only a sense of ? this city, acd very soon it is expected
new vigor. He should have no more to have five miles of road of entire
thought of the digestive; process that ;new steel rails, while the old iron is to
follows, :thah the woodman, as he ! be used in repairing . other, parts of
swings his axe, has. of the. process j the road. It is also thought that by
Man was made to eat and to enjoy
hiB eatingas truly as were" Bis fellof--f
creatures that roam , wild in the pure
air and the free sunshine; v t
. Civilization "alone ls-ftot the cause
of dyspepsia: neither is our nerve
stimulating eliinate.: Poor food, bad-1
ly cooked, has much to do with it.
Our fashionable ''staff of life' pure
white bread-is a very weak staff to.
leaia'-p&i-.-. ' -.-..-fc.W--.' .
If exemption from, dyspepsia is to
le found anvwhere. one would sup-
pose it crald;bf found among the:rw-
rai jMij)iuaiu)ii vi lue sunny ooutu.
But Dr. Barnch, in the last annual
report of the; South " Carolina Board
of Health, says that the ailment is of
great frequency among them, though
wrongly called "li ver complain t" a
disease which is comparatively rare
at the .South. ., The symptoms point
solely to dyspepsia , and they arc of a
verv-marKed: cuarae'er. ,
Dr. Baruch finds the cause mainly
in the food and cooking. The former
is chiefly salted pork and corn meal.
The combination is nn unfortunate
one, inasmuch as the meal alone con-
..ii.-rr .i: j- r'- a l t '
laH.att iiuj iat (xtniuoniy. neeueu hi
the Sou tli. ; '
But the saltinff of the pork -reduces
it8:.ndarisritig value.'' orie-halfaiit t't
the same lime makes ; it harder
of digestion. Hence, the work of the j "a glawoe at thf. situation.
stomach is increased two or three-fold j . In order that, the Farmer & Me
Moreover, tlie matter is made still cAflnc readefs may Lave a deaf idea
worse by the general custom of frying
almost everything capable of being
cookedjj3;lh.at,way,5 r - -
; ; The Medical Recorder calls the
fry fog-pah- the: bete noir of the hy-
list's charge of one dollar for extract
ing a tooth in a minute. 'Why, said
he,' 'our old doctor would have . been
twenty minuts, and have- pulled me
all about the room, and he;, wouldn't
have .charged but a quaterl' , Tne
Burlington Haxckeye has " discovered
a near relation of this' fellow's, and
thus reports him: ' " - ;
. A native of Flint River township
went limping and groaning into the
office of the new doctor with the blue
and gold sign, and .the Latin diploma,
and th4 new buggy, and r the ; chest
nut horse with a blaze facei:"
. 'I've got the rhematiz, doc,' groan
ed the patient; 'my whole back is jest
gone. with ;$ it I'm one-. broad ache
from thehack of my ne-k clean dowu
to the hip, i I'm a sufferif:' . the tor
ments of f of ''
t''Let;iite see your longne,' said the
new doctor. 'Ah, ve?: I 'see 1 ee,
That Will do. Tke this preSCrip
tions get the medicine and use as di-
'Thunder!' exclaimed the afflicted
man. as lie hobbled away. Ef I aint
the luckiest man on I(Jint niver
Three dollars for lookin' at my tongue! i
An I was jest upon the bare potiit of
askin' him to look at my whole Lack '
"And he breathed hard as he
thought by what a narrow escape he
had saved his whole farm from bein
taken by the doctor.
Afpx.' If. Stephens for Governor.
s Atlanta - Ga . .May ',16: Nine
lejoiing independent Democrats met
hefe to-day and issue t an address to
the people of Georgia, indefinitely
postponing tne mass meeting canea
for June 1, and urging the party to
support the Hm. Alexander H.
Stephens for Governor. The address
was signed by V. H. I'Vlton, .lames
S. Hook, James li Park, F. M.
Berner, If. V. M Milton. Allien
Howet, P. F. l.awshc, W. M. Bray,
and M. Van Este.s.
LNeasant Itcpoit Ahoul
London, May 10. A despatch
from Berlin to the St. James' Gazette
8a'S it is Stated
that a marriage lias
been arranged between Princess
Beatrice, Queen Victoria s youngest
daughter, and Pi inc Krcdorick Wil
liam, eldest son of the Landgrave of
1 1 esse.
'ii;ifor Hill's Condition.
Little Rock, Mav 15. The latest
advices from Eureka Springs
that Senator Ben Hill, though
patently slowly improving, is i
condition to excite doubts f his
Tbe man whoso wife has not
finished he r spring cleaning must still :
be on the list 01 those to be pitied. ,
The Midland Railway.
The recent action of the Directors
of the A. & N, C. Railroad at their
meeting in Raleigh portends a con
flict with the Midland road. They
adopted a resolution reciting the fact
that the Midland, in its lease of the
Atlantic road,; had covenanted .not to
sub let, mortgage, or in any other
way consign .the said leaser and that
the said Midland had contracted to
build a railroad 1 from Goldsboro to
Salisbury in three years, and to pros
ecute ilhej work: with ; vigor, and as
this was uofc being done a forfeiture
was rendered' liable
But the direc -
itors very wiselv decided " to take no
! immediate action, but postpone it for I
: two weeks, so that the lessees miehti
i LovAnnnrliiiiitv tri ovnlainr
I the middle of June the rails will be
laid to Smithfield. ' ' '
i , We think, with Uiis, showing that
the Midland can1 claim that they1 are
riushinEr'-their work" .'with-' reasonable
diligence, althoughIt iar very proba
ble that the action of the directors of
the Atlantic has helped to spur on
But what .will be tlone i about the
I mortgage; given by the Midland, is the
next question.; . y hi le the Midland
j road has no r right, according to the
terms of the lease; to mortgage the
(Atlantic road, yet the fact of its
having so acted . will not j ustify the
directors at this time in commencing
a suit to declare a forfeiture. We
pass ho judgment as to whether or
not the suit would be successful, but
tako the ground that the stockhol
ders would not wish the lease forfeit-
ed unless some tangible danger was
to be apprehended. , So long as he
Midland complies witlr the , contract
aa to keepirurtlie . Atlantic. -road in
goodr repair, and' in pushing the con
struction of the road fronf Goldsboro
to Salisbury it will' be satisfactory to
the people'at large, and, the' directors
r would not be jnstifledin entering into
i : i :... i.
ia long, expensive ihwsuii- lur Hiere
technicalities. - '
; We add below a statement of the
i Fattier, & h Mechanic' as to
: Best's workings: '
of the situation., we state that iivlSSl,
after . W- J. Best had completed-his
little' scheme with the Westetn N. O;
R. It., he arranged with Capt Apple
ton Oaksmith and others to come to
Raleigh,, and get a charter for a new
scheme "The Midland N. C. R. R."
eo-called- to run from sunrise to
sunset via New Berne, Goldsboro,
Salisbury, and Ashpiville, embracing
the existingr"New Berne-' R. R., and
"Western N. C.--RR., under leases,
or such other combination as might
After getting his Charter, Best or
ganized an outside "Construction
company," to build the link between
Goldsboro aBd Salisbury. This com
pany has thus far laid 4 miles of track,
and graded 14 additional miles to
Smithfield Best's official statement
of his operations up to the first of
January is as follows:
Total amount received from
Expense For organizing com
Kquipment Two new mih-
senRer care ...a
in the new congoli
diited 10 pr cent.
1 t . i' . V. .. t . .. . .. c
7.M74 Wl i
North Carolina, coKt 4,:.-,,77.. (Hi
Riiroa.i stock n, no
..if fi fllil.Ta. ;
Toial 3.'i.7-;7.(J7 ,
Thr. pomniny also owns n7,&HO of ilu M.tlOO j
i sharen of the par -value of 1100 each, in tlie- mpi
tal slock of ilie Midlnnd North Carolina Kailway i
I'ompauy, the sne UeiQr helil in trn"! by lhe i
treasnrerof the Midland Iinrnv mi ni anil Con- j
struction compan(y,-jrtii:i i) i iome of its di-1
rtM-iors, J line ,s, HS,. ;
It is perhaps proper to .add that'
2o0,.000 of this sum was deposited in
'he Boston "Busted1' Pacific, though
'it is said the "Atlantic's" money is
.Mr. lieBt also gives the
.data of the earnings of
Berne R. R. I Goldsboro
head, Do milaj for
succe'edii'fr his lease
the six months
which, we be
lieve, began July 1st, loJSI, and was
to run 30 years at $40,000 a year,
rental. Earnings to December .'1,
1SS1, 72,862.10, being an increase
of IS per cent. or23,720 over same
months of the previous 3 ear. The
operating expenses, including rent,
amounted to $63,365.02: net earnings,
He adds that $11,232 02 had been
spent in repairs and improvements.
There is no doubt that Mr. Best
has greatly improved the road, and
enlarged its usefulness, a-nd benefit
ted the region through which it
passes. This we think is clear, from
a comparison with the condition of
the road one 3-ear asjo. There is also,
no doubt, that Mr. Best's schemes for
short line "Feeders" branching oil in
to the adjacent regions will do more
for Eastern Cart linn, we mean the
Neuse River, region than the much
mouthed '"North Carolina System"
would have done; so that we, if a Di
rector of the Midland R. !., should
promptly vote to give him every fa
cility for carrying out his plans,
pronaea lie went aneaa ana .sitotced
h,i nriiinl irnrl: that lie mpant htisi. 1
-a . 1 -1 -1 -,
ness I Unfortunateh, for public
faith, bis "Railroad talk" for two
years pans' out only
four miles of
From The Detroit Free. Press.
THE OHIO TO THE
The Battle of
"And t lie Left Stood Firm And
Never was a general more surprised
at anything in war than was Rose
crans at the action of Bragg after the
latter had evacuated Chattanooga.
He seemed to be in full retreat, and
vet just as Roseprans had disposed of
1 H's frce8 80 as to fall upon the Con-
reuerate rout, ne iouna ijragg
"ovt face and even ready
g,n lhe fighting.
OS THK LEFT.
Crittenden's corps struck the
Chickamauga at Gordon's .Mills,
where the Lafayette pike crosses, and
Tight there he struck Bragg' s" battle
liues. That point was the extreme
Federal left, and the first hot skir
mish took place in the woods on a
farm belonging to a Mrs. Perry.
When the heavy fighting , occurred
nearly all the fruit trees on her place
were destroyed by shot and shell, and
the house itself-was" struck seven
After Crittenden had felt the ene
my sufficient to discover that he was
in force, he was ordered to hold his
position while the other corps were
A LOST OPPORTUNITY.
Bragg's spies penetiated the Fed
eral lines and discovered that Crit
tehdon's corps was alone opposed to
the whole Confederate arm v. Bragg,
then, had only to seize and hold Ste
vens' gap to prevent reinforcements,
and fall upon Crittenden and anni
hilate him. Bragg laid the blame on
Polk, and Polk on -Hindraan, and
Hindman on some one else that this
was ! hot carried out, A division of
the r Confederates marched through
the woods and struck the Chattanoo
ga highway a mile and a half in rear
of Crittenden, and not a Federal
could have escaped . by that route. 1
When Crittenden realized his peril he
threw up such defenses as he could,:
! kept up a brisk skirmishing all along j
1 hi3 front, and see.v.ed so full of fight
that he. was not attacked, inese
breastworks can be traced to-day to
their farthest limit, and the scars of i
shot and shell are yet visible on
j every hand. , it was nearly a week
before the advance of 1 nomas corps,
filed through the gap and closed up '
cn Crittenden's right. Even then
Bragg could have struck a great and j
certain blow, but he dallied. McCook
was still three days distant when ',
Thomas arrived, and yet Bragg did ;
not attack He could have aunihv;
lated Crittenden, scattered Thomas,';
and then gone in search of McCook,
taking all in detail; but it seemed as
if he wanted a square fight, army to;
army When McCook came up he
formed on the right of Thomas, and j
the Army of the Cumberland was
ready for battle.
MOVING BY THE FLANK.
Bragg now began moving by the
flank, to pass the Federal left, and
this threw Thomas from the center to
the left, with his left flank on the
farm of James Kelley, and his center !
pushed on the second day's fight, and
fu ... ; ur-ti
n WnnrlnWlfiB 11,11 I I, n AAVltAM ... n
the hill was occupied as a hospital.
Bragg was ready by 9 o'clock on
the morning of Saturday, the 19th, it
being September, 1863. His whole
army, having a front of nine or ten
mues, out as croonea as a ram s norn,
to conform to the -Federal line, ad
vanced at the same moment. The
Chickamauga was no obstruction
and in less than half an hour three
miles of living wall was advancing
straight upon the Federal Wi.
Not twoulv acres of that hat lie-
afield on the left have been cleared oi
1 trees since the tight. The ground is
almost as the fierce fighters left it. It
is a general wilderness of oak and
pine and scrub, breaking away here
and there into small farms, "and con
siderably cut up by gullies and ridges.
Every orchard haB its scars every
house its marks, and men and worn
en live there to-day, who saw it all
and learned something of the horrors
of wa r.
T.f.ST AND KECOVEKKl).
The attack on Thomas was ho sud
den that two of his divisions were
rolled hack inftide of ten minutes, and
for a limn it seemed as if his whole
corps would give way before the:
storm. Then came the rebound. A
min who has been knocked down
must recover a little before ho is
ready to punish his assailant. When
Thomas found (hat tlie enemy were
upon him, and that the battle had
opened, then; was no further retreat.
The Confederates surged 1 01 ward
time after time, but tlie Federal wall
could not be shaken.
Then it was Thomas' turn. That
whole corps was taken. in hand as one
might grasp a bundle of sticks, mid
at a signal every bluecoat advanced
straight upon the enemy. The re
bound had come. Back over the
ground they had yielded over tlie
tlead and wounded marching in
solid columns and with sw inging step,
and furious s the fighting was it did
not check them. Walker was driven,
Cheatham was driven. Stewart was
driven, Cleburne was pushed into the
swamp, and the troops of Hood were
struck in flank and driven into the
timber. Foot by foot, checked here
and there for a moment, Thomas
r,,.nlin,l frtHiTnv,l nr,l,l Usi
fusucu 'n,fliu "c
half ti mile of ground
lines of the morning-. There 1 oth
lines stood firm.
IN THE CENTER,
The fight, had been hot on the left
for thirty minutes before Bragg'a
center struck Crittenden. , VVhtuthe
atorui came it burst suddenly, and
with great fury. Advancing here
iu three battle lines,, the Confeder
ates pushed on over a half a mile of
ground with hardly a..halt. The
right was appealed to for' reinforce
ments, and when Davis' rushed his di
vision ii.tu the path of the victorious
enemy there m-curred a hand to band
fight it a front three-quaiters of u
mile lull-;. Nineteen years have only
partly hiddt-n the evidences of tliat
bloody etrwiigl'!. There are oak trees
showing tiuv marks of fifty ballets.
Where Davis' left closed upon Crit
tenden's right, apple trees as large as
a man s arm were cut down by bul
lets alone. In a small clearing be-
yond what wa the Davis place, sev
enty-eight Confederates lay dead . .branches flung; for rods around. '..The
a quarter of an acre- and - along 'theodor ' -- -of I -death "'.is, there ., yet,"
fence at which they charged half a
regiment were wiped out bj a single
But Davis was pushed back as well,
and but for the arrival of 'Thomas
with reinforcements, the 'Confederate
advance would- have separated the
center from -the right. , Where ,Ha
zen massed twenty pieces of artillery
on Indian knoll and poured in 'such
showers of shell and grape that whole
regiments dropped Sat:, to, escape
tnem, m a iieid at growing cora.il
Down where his missiles found vic
tim?, the sweet potato vines -and, the
blossoming clo ve r hi Je many an V iron
messenger 'of death. Where Negley
and. WoO 'came up just iu - time to
save Bradley,7 and fell with awful ' fn
rf upon the troops of "-, Cleburne and
Hood, there was fighting as terrific as
veterans ever saw. - Trees ate chip-'
ped from root to points twenty .. feet
high, and fence rails are Shotted with
ha If-buried bullets. The dead on.
this front lay so thick at sundown
that the wounded could not crawl
away. ' ' ; f
OX THE EIQHT. : V
There was hut little fighting on the
Federal right. Lbhgstreet's men.
were' not all up when the " advance
began, and the Confederate1 left ad
vanced very 8lowlyrand made no . de
termined attack. ' ; v ,' '
When night fell victory ' stiU hov
ered between the lfoesfTheyieder1;
al'left )iad held itsgrouQd; .Vo-witK'
the right. The centerT.liadt'been
pushed back until the lines must' be
shortened. ''Bragg was well o'ver" the
river, Longslree't's men" we-e all up, 1
ana wuue ntiiner army nad lost nor
won the battle, both bad lost aud
gaiued in : ad van tages which might
tell on the morrow.
IN THE. DABXXESS.
Under cover of ' the flight, ', not a
camp fire lighted on the whole Fed
eral front, and hardly a Federal .sol
dier able to quench his .thirst or .ap
pease his hunger, ' Rosecrans short
ened his lines u mile and a quarter
securing such u .strong position for
his right flank that McCook closed
up on. Thomas. - Thomas was given a
reinforcement of about - 10,00l : men.
and Crittenden was held in reserve. to
reinforce any part .of the line.:;: i
Under the, same friendly : mantle
jsragg received about b.uuu reiatorce
ments, shortened his lines and massed
to the right to meet Thomas JTue
order of battle, was to be the same.
Jhe ,il,.t ,wae VII8wi? at
the whole line followme: and it; Was
intended to strike the .whole Foil oral
line at once. Such an assault . is sel-
I (Jm' checked, but Bragg did.'nob take
j swamps, creeks, hills and Undergrowth
into account. Neither had he allowed
for delays in Urioging up the nmmu-
j union trains
Til K SABBATH MORN.
Every Federal soldier was in line
before the sun came up. In the
darkness they had thrown up long
lines of, breast works which can be
traced over tin- meadows and through
the wootls lo-.l.tv, and Thomas had
faith that ho could repel any assault.
It was ex peel t-d at sunrise, hut it did
not. come. II was 'Jo clock
sudden crash of miifketry told that
ttragg's right was swinging.
The Confederate skirmishers were
not ten rods ahead of the first of
three lines id" battle. The first mus
ket shot was followed so closely by a
thousand that its report was swal
lowed in the crash. The Federals
were wailing. Every gun opened
with grape and canister every mus
ket had a dead rest and a fair aim.
Thomas' whole front was a sheet of
Maine within five minutes after the
first crash. The first Confederate
line of battle dashed straight on, al
most reached the edge of the flame
at some points, and then disappeared.
It did not fall hack on the second. It
was shriveled up and withered. Out
of companies numbering fifty-five
uu it in that first line only two and
three were left, alive, tine regiment
in Cheatham's division numbering
f7 1 men, lost -nearly 400 of its num
ber. A SF.CoM LINK.
Moved op to charge over tlie dead,
and it reached the breastworks and
fought over them before it was anni
hilated. There w as a tlead Con fed
erate lying before eveiy living Fed
eral, and yet the smoke had not as
cended tothe tops of the voung oaks
and hickories when
A THIKD LINE
Came dashing foi ward, followed by
heads of columns. Negley came
down from the right and threw him
self in front of Cleburne, buttheCon
federates seemed turned to devils.
Yelling and screaming and utterly
reckless of life, they dashed al Thom
i V w bole front.
GRAPE AND CANISTER.
1 heard a , soldier sneer the other
day at what he called 'the grape and
canister taffy" of war. Stand here
With me on rowder iiill IleTCt
were massed twelve or fourteen guns,'.
and for half an. hoar tbey used noth
ing but grape and canister, - pouring
their doses into Cleburne,! Cheatham
and -Walker..' Follow ' me down to
where the Confederates -were . -struck
by this storm of -death.- Hera tU - a
hollow into which three hillsides, dip;
it is a spot comprising half an acre of
ground." .In this basin that day lay
the ,,blpody. fragments of .500 .Cou
federates. Heads "and -.limbs : were
torn off, bodies shattered, men- bored
with holes through whichvone- could
thrust an arm. To 'the jright were
scattered more of the '. horrible - frag
ments--to'lhe left winrows of dead.
Thirty rods 6f.:a!'brush,ffence; was
swept clean away. '1 YhoIe tops ; of
Ecruo oaks t .were .. cut on , ana . me
I l '- d'll'--e ' '' -il i - rri
i and witnesses yet, live who Telt; the
horror of that shower of death.) -f-1-
At noon that gtimi 'delefmlned and
reckless advance of line after line was
beginning j to '' tell.:1 Brigades '.here
and there were wavering.'as-if'forth
er defense was ' useless,' and directly
di visions began ' to Val 1 ) baclc; Hnd
Thomas sought ; jto hold them there
might have been .a panic." .Jri fair'or-'
der they fell back, the right protect-
ed by a wooden spur of Missionary
Ridge :the left on- the 5 Kelly , farm.
Had Thomas lbeen;. alohe ihere7 op
posed by a fourth more than his imm
ber, he co'uld have held the .Kne,;-;'
. -.,' ' ' THE , FATAL BLOW'. .4 j '
' ' " - : : - . " .f-, ' , ; iii
But Longstreet was -; pounding
away at McCook, in the same reck
less manner, and' also '.pressing1 him
buck,' and Sheridan was. fighting as
he was never called ;npon'again. Just
after noon, in' reinforcing- n threat
ened point; a gap of a 'quarter of a
mile was left in the center. "Polk's
left and Longstreet's . right saw .the
fatal error and rushed, into the gap
with cheer? which were heard a .mile
away,, above lhe' crash of battle.
They . came in column -ot .assault,
faced to the right and left, and closed
in on either Federal flank with' such
-broke" in f
a rush that whole divisions
" 1 "
' " V,""
disorder. -' -
. : THE BIGHT AXl ; CESTER XiOS&,
Sheridan stood after the center had
gone, but he had to - fall ' back i or be
flanked. The cround over which he
iriicoicu,. fciuujtiii(j .eici j - jiwv V"
yielded,; shows that he made the ene-
my pay for, what; lie . secured.; The j
right of the felt wing .doubled back,
on the left' instead of going Iivilh the
rout, and the' eagle eye ofThotnas saw
the ray of' hope.'' With the enemy
pressing both frbnt and flanks he re -
formed bis little 4 army, caught tip
and - positioned - the two . brigades
brought. up by .the gallant Granger
without orders, and i from , o'clock
uutil darkness fell "Thofiias was the
rock and the Confederate . army the
wave which burst upon 'him' time
after time, but always to be shattered.
At 3 oock In ibe afternoon
hill, which the men . of the North
have named after Thomas, but which
is still the habitation of the' old man
Snodgrass and rcalled ' after M him '
throughout the section, was a mon
ster hospital. There are about1' fire
acres of clearing directly, around , the
bouse, and tbis ground,, was , almost
packed with the wounded from the
Federal army. The fight v raged - to
the right and 'eft, but the. yellow
flags were respected." Confederate
cavalry had psuhed dowh ;'toi,'the'
Rossville Gap on' the right;, and
down' the' Chattanooga, road to the
left,' and Thomas -was : not only 1
flanked but three-quarters surround-ru
ed. : Every man knew that the right:
and center were gone, but never a
line waver cd or a regiment gave
ground under the terrific fighting of
"FIX BAYONETS." ' ' ,
Hat the men in the center and on
the right stood to their wolk art
j those on the left, Bragg' linesof bat-:
tie wonld have been repulsed'al every j
1 poini. iierc, wnu an exn
numbering tnree to one driving lor
: ward on center aDtl hah it. there was
! no fl inching. Men w
ho bad fired
their sixty rounds emptied thecar
tridge boxes of the'dead and turned
again to the foe. The sun bad gone
down' when Bragg made his last dash..
It was not met by a line of flame this
timP. but bv .h lilirof ImvonaU..!
. i , i r .
u,e l" up aut, sprang lor-
ward. Noon found Thomas then
' night found him still holding "every
foot of ground. He l: Ind "saved the
army. I fere was a rear guard n
bulwark over which Bragg could not
break. It was n heroic, and yet a
vain fight. Thorna; must fall back,
and Hragg could justly claim the gen
t)ne who rides over the roids siul
the positions wJI gay that, h-d lragg
pushed forward that night one col- '
unm down the Rossville and another
by the Lafayette road he could have '
gone into Chattanooga. The right1
and cemer were badly demoralized,
and Thomas could not have secured
ammunition for much further fight-i
ing. Indeed, a prompt movement ''
would have blocked him up in the
Rossville road . j
The Federal loss in killed and j
wounded has been given as low' as,
G,000 and as high as 10,000. Con-j
federate official reports show about
the same scale of figures on losses.
The Federals captured about 2,000
prisoners the Confederates ever
0,000. They captured over forty
pieces of artillery, upwards ol 12,000
stauds of arms, a largo quantity of
ammunition, stores, etc, and demoral
ized and penned up a grand army.
As to the relative strength, neither
North or South will ever be satisfied
Bragg' official report shows less
48,000 men in action in the la-t C.
fight,' while he estimated the Ft ' '
force at about G5.000. Federal i :
toriana claim' an even nnmU-r,
place Bragg at full CO.UOO.
j Rosecrans did nit Select tlie UwiV
ground. : Circumstances - drew 1
tlvere,' but yet they weie circurn
cesof his own inakio. ... Ilepirr : "
Bragg to .Tnislead him. He j ! i
Crittenden in a position of peril, i i
with him the other two corps. 1
it. been Jackson instead of F.r; t
the Federal army would luve 1 . '
attacked in detail while f:(rci
and te corps isolated., It wns n :
rect , order , from . Rosecrans
opened, the fa Wl 'gap. , The t'-, ' :
made a heroic light the left n
Chattanooga. '. Rosecrans had s'
center -nnder Lis eye,- and vt t it v
(Touted with two divisions in mrrv
The North won Id have iriven him an
other 'chance,"; Teinrmberinir
gallant ; fight ut" Stone River
Grait, would not;, and If K-
was toga whohnt the grim oi l 1
of the left. should carry the f'i -r
Cumberland. ' -' ''M. Qi:
Chickflmauga Ga.: - ;
Saved ly n Shadow.
' i. ..vy, .'-'
' The"; shadow" is a fin i!:.
poets..;: 'Life is but a walking f !
says Shakespeare, and li
ft peaks of our acts as 'our faul
owi that walk by tis'fitill.'
jeauing clergyman in" rrsn i -
was a Confederate stout in I' (
,Yar has goml reason for f; iS-
a shadow in more joyous w r
ing that by it ho was saved fi
death. ' A writer in the I'liiln I j
Times lell the story:
" .The house ,wai surrounded. '!
scout took in everything nt n tr;!
and determined to try to cut hi
through 'the Union soldier" an I i
the chances. ! But tlie ladirs i .
en ted to! him! that thin win'tc it
death. They could conceal lm a
Tlie young 'ladles "aclcd pint !
0e ran" to the' wtndcw. and :
wh0 t,ere!f wtie another
k.i,i., t. r.. i .
the backdoor that in front heir,;
, ready fastened. . . .
Dr was tnen utirned nn t
caybn-ti of llio ladies accomn
mm io enow Dim I is UhJin p . .
f l,en W ; 4 ! OOOr WBS tnr-t HI
troopers swarmed into ih 1. . . .
, S-4 had "been conducted loapu
bare of all furniture, but fom) '. .,
lav voonahe sleeneis of tL r. ,;,.
aad by lying down v,n thrte a i
'might conceal himself. He r. -
1 quietly afid stretched hlmcclf pt f
length, and the young lady .return 1
to the lower, floor. From hi i 1 (
lhe scout then' beard nil that v
aid in-the ball beneath. , ,
, ,'.Vh3reis the guerilla?' exc l.u'mr 1
the Federal officer. .r , ...'
'What guerilla?' asked one of ti c
ladiesY- ". ).'
' The rascal S-." v . v -
Vt ho has fcor,.
wnni n untrue, me oc.-cr
and I am not Jo be trilled wi h. I
shall search this house. But frK
read the orders to the mcn.' he ldcd,
turning to a' sergeant. .
The sergeant obeyed, ul 8 J is
tinctly overheard . the reading if ' Lin
death warrant v The paper 'clironi
cled his exploits,; denounced hira as a
guerilla and bushwhacker, and dh rct
ed that he should not bo taken alive
,Thii was not reassuring to the tcout
concealed under , the. rafters above.
It was probable that.be would
discovered, in which case death would
follow':1 "-'Hn. ,v ;., .j , ,.
"Thero was but ons thing-li do--to
sell his life dearly. '. After rnnackintf
every room "on. the, first and jocund'
floors, the troom ascended to the par
reL . Tie Jadies .had. alWmpted to
divert their attenlioii'.rroni Jt, Jnt me
of thiem flsked, ; '. , k
What room is that up tberef ,
'The garret,' wNsthtt reply. - g...
'He-may -be there-Mkbow the -way.'
1 ott see- the war. returned-
see- the war, returned-lh
young lady. ''I do pot wish lo go up
'n ,hetVIBt it! would soil iioy dress.
'You go . "before,, then,, said the
I trT l" Vl'61 ,".' n-
mmie (.u rurry n- Jigoicti canon?, n,y
night had come now.-i w ' , ...
im. I l. j i : 1 tm
1 ; ' "'".
Wrt8 noh?', VP- i , ".'V
7 mci ti . uic ii iu ii r
fir1' heard "the
, . ''"Th. ll.rl.i
( streamed into the garret, and be fnw
j the , f arret fill wiiU troopers. , . I lis 1
discovery seemed ertaip . J I o a
nbont to spring' dawn and C re, when
th men growled,--' t U- i . i
There s nothing- 'Here and went1
down lhe'fairt again. '-' ', '
The Mcrvaut gj'P.had sayet hliu 1y ;
a inse. She hatl taken her aland di--rcctly
iK-neaJh the broad plank, upon,
; which S wns extended, and 4 ho .
deep shadow bud cftnCealett bioi.. To
this vrise be Umtbtle'si (iwexl Ida life. ':
- ' - . an.'-
1 ittle1 Dele ware clinga to Hie mem--oi
ies of t he past with uimsnil lenaci.
ty, She alone V)f Ii IHhfl Stales tiow
' resoi ta to die' latfr m n. putiiahinenl. ','
The ther day five' peraonS were ,
whippel at Wilmington iu lhat Stale
by tbe aheriff. laoao Harden, white,
a well-known thief,, received twenty ,
lashes, which mad a little Mood
trickle down Ida back. r William Car-
ti, white,' a Philadelphia 'thief' was
giveu twenty laahes; which also drew '
bhod. Henry McGregor," whiteTTt-e- v
ceived five lashes with perfect com
posure. William Miller, colored,. re-.,
ceivrd twenty lashea, aod then turned t
several aimcniHa.J- Nathan Demby,
a simple negro,, laughed - heartify
while hi five lashcst were beiug ad
minitderetl." JV irrnl Observer,
with, presumably- official i