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Editor art Proprietor.
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' "' Conlrmn (or adTrltir
J. W. H VR PES. ?
M. S. Pi CNN, i
INDEPENDENT IN THINGS.
Tox-xxxm Ska.OO i
NEW -BERNE, N. O., JUNE 1, 1882.
no. s. ;
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Attorneys at Law, y
: . - : . irwuwaTurtp" xnomaa via i ar-
-7TXI. FKACTICE VX THE STATA1K :rled the Center.
r tiauoarts in in xouowinfceniKiea
J. ),!,, IjJjIlLkS 0lJaffveiabe863. the plain below him
t f -',:cit Con8igiunent8i.T.;
j i. ..Cxt Orders.- '
-:.?' .t "Sew Berne; 17.'
5IW BERJTE, H. C ,n.
lici; u:.it:nt0, tombs,
ALL KINDS GRAYE ' AKD BUILD
IXG WORK Ef
"'. . --..- .t.rMOta
o ' I C. lira Will receive prompt attention
and e at ifaction. gn araft teedft f 'f,''
'yy. -7 ( , ,1'' Proprietor
' (Successor to George W. Claypoole) i
y- . " jje Berne, If. C.
; - WHOLESALE '
f- 1 .:
v. . . .-' .. . . S-'
' . - ) "
i i -.
Ilecpg'always in Stoek In X'arfire
:r . i - : :--.:. : -1 y y-
FLOUR. SUGAR. COFPEfJ, '
MY HUP MOLA&312S. is AIr!et c
fC'v' . T"jiyyc
j . -; t
cnAccmiif and cakes
f, in great variety. ,; i
'00 & fa Stbckf of
-yNOTIOJrS and HD8I1511Y
liVlioleeale ' bayer will, find a largo
y1 fvOCKiafi rheLoweat prices.
fJ0,P4'?-1t'0 8e'(fhe"hfee)Tou: buy
E. M. HODGES,
!vaanrlttr o4"repJrt Ml kind, of
iftfidr to on!ro hort ncttc.'
; - From. The Detroit Free Press.
THE - OHIO TO ! THE
-Vheo Gen. Brass looked down
from hifl headquarters under the dead
pine tree on the farm of John Devme,
deiil afad behind him was a wilder-
nes9.V?He who stands under that pine
to-dat will. look down upon vineyard
and field and uottage, and a city of
80,000 people. The wilderness of
1863. is. the? cornfield and the meadow
and the vineyard of 1 882. The vine
of peace trails itself over the breast
work of war.
; THE SITUATION "
Kosecran8 had beeD driven into
Chattanooga from' the fierce straggle
at Uhicfcamauga. ,1 nomas had snper
seded him as '.commander, and Grant
had" come 'forward ' to 'puslrthlngs.
jbftvicg the aid of Sherman . 1 a ragg s
artaj: ;was stretched out along the
creetjqf Misaibnary ige, waiting to
be attacked, and no officer in bis
army believed that the position could
be carried by assault.' l' v
t f SOME FLAGBANT EKROH8..
- The half dozen? Federal Vliistorians
who have written about the line upon
line of breastworks and the fifty pieces
of artillery behind earthworks and the
four1 lines ' of rifle-pits, ' have never
visited the: eld. i -One' cad' ride on
horse-back from the Rossville road to
the railroad tanneL eeeing every foot
of.Jbattley ground. Scarcely a tree
has' been cut since the' day of the
figh ter The rifle-pi ts were simply the
ravines ana noiiows . maae Dy nature.
There was ir Blight breastwork at the
base of the- ridge in front f some
divisions, and every foot of it is there
to-day. There are not ten earth
works on B rage's whole front and not
one , of , .these . covered more than a
single gnh.'.M68t ot his' artillery was
hand lea y without coyer . Bragg bad
few" believers -in' his 'generalship, and
it is rare -that a Confederate can be
found who will give him any credit at
aD.? ; IJp. wasj cross, churlish, un
pepnlar "tommanderr but "it is due
him, even at the hands of an euemy,
to say T,tbat he-l relied r almost ; al
together upoif the?, fiatnrally 'strong
npeition of the Ridge. I have talked;
with half a doaenUonfederate artil
lery officers present at .the fight, and
all abused. Bragg fof constricting any
earth works t Hr All but two were
placed 8oyfar back.irom the crest that
they had o fir-e on "Uie ' Federals ; ex
cept, when the blae lines jrst moved
on thisplauQ . When-aBy'OjP the field
batteries nearer the crest depressed
the guns for a plunging , fire on the
Federals neai the base! shot add; shell
wouid roll out ot tne guns.
HOW "OBAKT WAS DECEIVED.
IFrom any - point 1 inr iChattanooga J
Missionary Ridge seems to be a coi-
unuous : mountain wun a periectiy
The BatttoF'0. Missionary
eat.- Grant so believed, andJ UBI?U. oaving ntr.nreastworKs
enUbly deceived.. It is wh9d g, sed; to ghi fire
Northern men 'call a ' "hog's back.
and? from Rossville tQ the tunnel
there are not over three places where
this ridge widens out sufficiently to
permit a single rregimenf toyform in
line of battled. The Chattanooga Mde
has s well and fool hills before reach
ing the real base, and the far side pf
the mountain . sweeps sharply down
into a plain stretching away as fares
theyeye anr see.ylnsteai of being
levels, the creet is ' full of dips and
ravines, and had Grant brought -a
thousand ' pieces of artillery to bear
on Bragg for a week it is dpubtfnl if
he wonld have killed fifty men. '
': IN FLANK.
.... . .... . ... -
Had Grant known the exact lay of
the ground he would not have ordered
a direct aeBanlt. Instead of sending
Hooker- p the JRossville road to be
played witbby Bragg's cavalry, he
would have sent two full corps. At
the-blackwttUhshopinhe fork-of the
road every' field ypiece coald have
easily been hauled to the crest of the
mountain.' Then a good -farmer's
road" would have taken, the Federals
square -down on Bragg's flank and
rear, reversing all his works, and he
most have been pushed off at Tunnel
'Hill. ' The blacksmith shop is the
strategic point of the situation. A
road runs along ei-.her side of the
mouutain ' and another on the crest.
Half a mile beyond the shop another
road branches off and strikes the
.mountain near its center, where it
meets three other highways. One
night's march by the Federals would
have surrounded Bragg's position on
three - sides.' Bragg took no precau
tion agairst such a surprise except to
throw out his ' cavalry on his left
flank, and for his negligence he has
been severely criticised.
So, too, it was not the wisest policy
to throw Sherman's troops against
Tunnel HilL That is the strongest
position on the ridge. An assanlt on
the center of the line would have met
with fewer natural ..obstructions, and
Bragg's - line once broken there the
hill must have stood or fallen by itself
with the Federals' fighting on even
Just what Sherman tried to do at
one end of tho ridge and failed,
could have easily been accomplished
at the other. Splitting his command
into three bodies, the center took the
crest of the ridge and the flanks ad
vanced on either base, the ridge
dividing them- Moving as they had
to move, over such rough ground,
there could be no concert of action.
Where center or flanks struck the
enemy there they fought and advanced
or fought and were pushed back.
Bragg could reinforce from his center
over an almost level highway, and
Sherman finally saw that he was
fighting the whole Confederate army.
STRIKING THE LINE.
Corse had advanced less than a
quarter of a mile before he found his
path blocked by Hardee. Here is a
line of rocks to show where a breast
work ran, and here thiee or four
pieces of artillery were protected by
light earthworks. Corse gathered up
his brigade and fl ung them at Har
dee, but they could not reach the
breastworks. The men behind it had
a' dead rest for their muskets, and
they fired cooly and with great execu
tion. Corse fell back, fighting gal
lantly, and when he halted he was not
yet out of pistol g&Qt.' His men took
cover behiud trees' and rocks.' and in
tree-hollows, and for half an hour the
I crash of musketry was steadv and
terrific. ; A soldier -. in Cleburne's
division who was behind a large rock
was wounded in the right jaw. His
place was taken by another, who Was
killed by a ball strkinghim above
the ear. A corporal drew the body
back and took I the ; position, but be
fore he bad discharged his gun his
right eye was destroyed, A fourth
man"as wounded behind the rock,
and it was then discovered that the
Federal bullets, striking a large rock
to the right and ahead, had glanced
at an angle and found their victims.
On that rock, which perhaps weighs
two tons, I counted the "spots" left
by 292 bullets. . .
' A CONFEDERATE CHARGE.
After three-quarters of an hour of
sharp firing the hot-headed Cleburne
could stand it no longer, and gather
ing np bis -division he. swept across
tne open space, leading in person.
The Federal line bent back under the
rush, but when they straightened
Cleburne was swept back to his works
with rush, leaving 300 dead men on
the ground behind him
:C m A COOL CONFEDERATE
, v After the Federal lines had fallen
batik, And during a temporary lull in
the firing, a Confederate named Wil--'
Ham Grady, belonging to Cleburne's
command and dying- in Knoxville
several . years after,. the war, leaped
pver tne Breastworks , aud advahtsed
upon the federals at a walk. lookiner
to the right and left as he walked.
When he ; was within ' thirty feet "Of
the. nearest-blue coat- he picked up a
canteen which he had lost during the
ruah. and . turned about-: and ooblv
walked back,. to, his cAmmaud funtler
fife of at 'least 300' niuskets1. The
canteen, which he carried at the eudJ
of a strap, was actually shot to nieces.
ana neoafiLseven ouiiet npies i in his
clothini?. but he di8aDbefrdvAMiflre of his guns, but they had done
breastwork without iniurv to himaelMSO- Ghe regrmeatU the ase of Ithe
Oorse had -his flanks' dfefebdfed-i-so
had . Hardee. , . Neither;was strong
enough, nor could hdy mass ehouga
men en that crest, todri ve tlie other.
f Thus Corse cbul8llm AeLno headway,
mTf l- 113 "! J!"
?llr ".7T :c?ruu"
by the same sitnaftibn'.'TheFederals
suffered moat, having nbybreiist works
from severs) pieces of artillery. Bragg
knew ' that Hooker was 'oil' "his left
flank,, fighting his cavalry,, apd he
knew that he had Sheinaii Kalted.
Up to about 3 o'clock., he felt Becure.
Hehadnot lost a fot oBgroand any--whe're
oU'his main line: f Jf'was then
he offered 'reinforcements to Hardee
to push Sherman, and it-was" then he
said5 to thoser around him .
'.'The Yankees don't 'figh t a ny bet
ter'undir Grant "than they did under
But he hadn't heard from Grant
yet. Grant's plan of battle was that
Sherman should push so heavily on
Bragg' right and Hooker so heavily
ou his left l hat he would: weaken hi
center to support his flanks. Hooker
had made no great headway, and
Sherman had been checked,. yet
Bragg, had sent troops from . his cen
ter' to both wings. The courier of
fering Hardee reinforcements had not
been gone five minutes when Brgg
saw something to surprise him. The
four divisions under Thomas moved
out on the plain in grand array, every
man stripped down to musket and
cartridge-box. Brigade after brigade
swung out with steady tramp until
tho alignment was complete. Every
Federal faced Bragg s center, and
Bragg knew that a grand assault was
impending. He was writing dis
patches tp "hurry, up reinforcements
from right and left, when a Federal
cannon on Orchard Knob boomed
"One two three--four five six !
Like a huge machine set in motion
by that signal the four divisions moved
at one. They had more than a mile
to go across a level plain before
reaching the ba6e of the ridge, and
before they had advanced twenty
rods every piece of artillery in
Bragg's center was playing upon the
moving columns. Shot and shell
hissed and screamed and tore around
the marching columns ; but not a line
was broken, Bragg had relied upon
his -guns sweeping the plain. The
Federals did not lose fifty men out of I
the tour divisions in the entire ad- i
vance. It was only when thev came
within range of the Confederate mus
ketry that death began its harvest.
THE RUSH AT THE RIDGE.
A double line of skirmishers was
thrown out in front of the Federal j
advance, and a double line of skir-!
mishers was thrown out in front of!
the Confederate line at the base of;
the ridge. Headly, C'st and others j
speak of the strong works at the foot i
oi tne riage. tiere and there was a
breastwork of stones and logs, such
as the infantry oould throw up in an
. -W-T- -m .
hour. Up to half-past 2 o'clock, or
an Iionr previous to the Federal ad
vance, there were not'three regiments
of Cofederates at the base along
Bragg 8 center. He had calculated
that all tne fighting would be ot his
wings. Nothing has been" disturbed
there in these long years. 'One finds
here and there a slight cover Jor half
a regiment, a jew holes wnich might
have been; rifle-pitt, but ' no such
works as the enthusiastic ; historian
erects on paper. .This does -net, how
ever, dim the glory' of the advance.
Never before nor1 after did war see
the spectacle of fotir grand divisions
of blue sweeping over au open plain
under fire with such a
Confederate officers who looked down
upon it say that it was a sight' hever
to be forgotten. As if realizing that
the sooner they reached the base the
sooner they.' would be covered from
the artillery fire, tlie Btp grew faste
and faster, and just as the lines beean
to feel the musketry fire they broke
into a double-quick and dashed for
ward, cheering until Sherman's men
heard them above the roar of battle
In that rush the Federal skirmish
line was overtaken and-borne, along,
and the Confederate skirmish line was
actually run over and swallowed up
Deiore it couia iau Daca.
AN, AEHT LET
That advance of Thomas will ever
stand as one of the most singular
moves of the war. It was not hoped
to carry anything more than the base
line at that time. Indeed, the orders
were-.to halt , there. The "dash was
made so quickly that but few of the
Confederates escaped to the crest. ' In
scores oi cases ederal soldiers sprang
alter them up-the mountain side,
grabbed them by the feet or' legs, and
captor and captured came rolling-
down together. But the Confederate
troops on the crest had a plunging
musketry-fare on the bluecoais, od
they: made it so. hot that the. Federals
became -restive.--: They, were at; th4
base why not -go to the creet ? Fi rsf
one sprang UfH theh janoiheir--4hen.
whole1 companies and-regirtents, , rfnd
directly a line' having 'a; froaf a
m -- it: it.
mue was uubiiiuz up mp. uTuuiaiu,
cheering, yelling arid returning the
hot fire;, with : -a few ; atray shots.
There were no orders from officers:
Ha'd any been given they would have
been disregarded.-; With no-- ODe to
leadwith ; officers following after,
the lines rushed at' the crest'deter
mjned to accomplish the whole task
at Mice. . ... - ...
i Bragg bad often expressed Iris con-
J viction. that his position jfs .impreg-
name, ine ngnu?g .on . nis nanaB
fead thus "far borneibut his assertions.
,De did not believe that the Federals
Meould cross an open plain under the
ridge otfght to have checfeedii brigade
on the plain, but-the base'- had8n
carried. The '.fire frQxn'l the crest
onght to drive back" men who had to
pull themselves up by limbs and
bushes, but Thomas'; whole. army was
coming up. The swiftly succeeding
disasters unnervedBragg. .He wrote
two or three-orders and tore them up,
gave two or three verbal orders and
countermanded them, and at length
mounted his horse, dashed. up and
down the center, and disappeared
not ten minutes before the Federa's
had possession of his headquarters.
.FIGHTING TO THE LAST.
But the flight of Bragg did not
produce a panic. Confederate soldiers
never' fought more gallantly than
right there. They knew that to lose
the. center position was to lose
the fight, and they meant to hold it.
Missionary Ridge is thickly covered
with -stones and boulders. Whole
companies of the Confederates
dropped their maskets and had to re
sort to t lie rocks as weapons. Great
rocks weighing a ton were sent rolling
down the steep side, crashing hrough
the bushes and sweeping-through the
Federal advance, and at some points
the shower f stones was so terrific
that all further advance was checked.
Men who dared brave hell and can
ister and bullet sought cover to es
cape the stones and rocks. There
was mi panic no giving bi.ck, but it
would have taken thrice their number
to have checked the tide of blue roll
ing up tli6 mountain. Foot by foot
it advanced, and when the last rush
came the blue lines went through the
gray in lanes.' Batteries were
flinked, leaving them standing be
tween Federal lines. Whole regi
ments having a front towards the
plain suddenly discovered Federals
in their rear. For a quarter of an
hour it was a tight by a mob. Guns
were taken and retaken crowds
swayed back aud forth, and even
when encircled the Confederates
fought on. It was. only, when the
greater portion of the. center had
been killed, wounded or made prison
er that the fighting-ceased.
IX FRONT OF SHERMAN.
Whatever Hood urged against j
Hardee in later years, his fighting that
day saved the army, just as Thomas'
fighting at Chickamauga saved the
Federals. When the center was at
tacked he reinforced it with a divis
ion without orders, and he kept up
the fight until he could draw off under
cover of the darkness
Bragg was not the general to fight
a winning battle. He lacked just
what Hooker, Pope and Bums.de
lacked. His victory at Chickamau
ga was not due to his generalship,
but rv.bre to Rosecrans' mUtake. He
lost more at Missionary Ride than
he gained at Chickamauga, and his
defeat prepared the grouhd work for
Sherman's memorable march into the
The Fedeial loss, iu killed and
wounded was nearly six thousand
that of. the Confederates about the
same. TlveuFederala captured forty -three
pieces of "artillery, 6,000 stand
of the best small arms, and 5,500
prisoners, and Bragg's army was left
in a thoroughly demoralized condi
lion.' y . .
Gen. Cist asserts in his Scribner
volume that Sherman was to do all
the fighting and have all the glory.
He did not design a direct assault,
but calculated on flanking Bragg's
left, lie got hold of the wrong end
of the ridge. Hardee held him two
days, and could have held him a
month. . Had he tried the Rossville
road he would not have been ah hour
&eadyjte3reaching.tbe' crest. -The assault by
L nomas was to relieve isherman, but
it the soldiers had not broken loose
apd taken the .fight into their own
hands whole regiments moving un
der protests from the officers', who
can say that the Victory would ha ve
rested withlhe. Federals?
The battle of Missionary Ridge had
a strong; influence on the- military
world.; Under jtbe old school of mili
tary teaching that ridge was imyreg
nable. No general had any business
to' attack steep-sided mountain
crowned with artillery and lined with
infantry. . Under the new sohool of
fighting it was carried in an hour.
It was then discovered that such po
sitions should be held from the base,
as Lee held Marye's Hill as Mead
held Cemetery Ridge as Polk held
Kenesaw Mountain. Twenty pieces
of artillery and 10,000 infantry in
trenched at the base of Br. gg's center
would have held Thomas' whole
army on the plain and repelled every
assault on . the front, and they would
at the same time have been under the
full play of every piece of artillery on
But peace is there to-day, will be
for. evermore. The vinss are coyer-
Ing the earth-works the leaves have
.filled up the rifle-pits the waf scar
red trees have put forth new branch
es to shelter the laborer who leaves
his cornfield and his vineyard to rest
from the noon-day sun. Peace regins
on the great mountain with - only the
soft notes of the., wild-bird to- break
the silenee peace hovers over? ; the
valley and smiles upon a. .thousand
fields which will tremble no more, un
der war's bloody footsteps.
Amusement From the LHctiou-
The every-day language of prosaic
persons is rich in lost or hidden mean
ings, that are beautifully, figurative.
The full meaning of a derived word
is often far more significant than its
ordinary use suggests. To one'' who
cares for the quaint, no pnzzle solving
will afford so much pleasure as a
little "digging at the roots of
For example, take these sentences
from a late number of the Compan-
TOrt.-ifie-Jace-L& beautiful girl in
the choir attracted his attenfforrratlrcr
than ' the minister's sermon.
He sought an introduction,- found
her of noble character though in
"Face," from the Latin facere, to
make; "beautiful," full cf beauty;
attract," trahere and ad, to draw to;
"attention," tentere, to stretch, which
gives us a figure, elasticity of mind.
"Minister," minus, less and by it
we may read. "Whosoever will' "be
great among you let him be your
minister." "Sermon,' " ierere, to
join, a disjointed discourse cannot
properly be called a sermon. 'HAtht
er," fron Anglo-Saxon radftor.compar
ative of radhe, quick, hasty: "south,"
Anglo-Saxou seean, to conteud, to
"Introduction," inter, between, and
dticere, to lead. 'Noble," nowere, to
know, and curiously enough, no
torious is from the same word
"Character," Greek eharassein, to
make sharp, to engrave. "Humble,"
Latin humilis, on the ground.
"Condition," condere. to put together.
If one will try to fill a single page
with wolds whose meaning, as
stamped upon them by their deriva
tion, express just what he intends to
st.y and nothing more, he will realize
the fact that English is a derived lan
guage. 8. L. B.
Nothing reflects more upon home
training than bad manners at table.
Restlessness, shown by fidgeting in
your seat, moving the feet unneces
sai ily, playing with the table utensils;
or crumbling the bread, is very annoy
ing to those who have heen-Jjained
correctly in youth.
To open the mouth while chewing
the food, instead of keeping tho lips
closed; to talk when the mouth is
full; to suck up soup from the spoon;
to put a knife in the mouth; to rend
the head low down over the plate; eat
ing rapidly, or to make any noise iu
eating, are breaches of good manners.
Chew the food well, but quietly,
and eat slowly. Never use a spoon
for anything but liquids, ice cream,
cheese, fish (when silver fish knives
are not ued).
without a knife, or a
be eaten with a fortf;
bread, rissoles, pies,
ilways broken, when
can be eaten
not bitteu nor cut with a knife.
A toper's love for his beer is char
acteristically set forth in the following:
'Want any cloves?' asked a peddler
of a 8alooir-keeper one day last week
'Vat I vant urn?' asked the proprie
tor. 'To take away the smell of beer
from the breath,' said the .peddler.
'Take away dot smell of beet!' ex
claimed the-man behind the counter.
'You got somedings vat 'makes der
smell stay on, and 1 buys him.'
The Lawyers Fee.
There in a gnd story which illus
trates the advantage of being skilled
in reading faces. An Englishmau
who could speak no language but his
own, boasted that he had travelled
through Euroe without a courier,
and had not been cheated one farth
ing. He w;i good physiognomist,
and filled hi jocket with the small
coins of the country in which he was
travelling. Whenever called 'to
make a payment to a man, he would
begin by slowly dropping into ths
looking him keenly iu the face. ..Tlun
moment he saw by a gleam of the
eye, or twitching of the month that
he Imd dropped tho amount of the
bill, he stopped.
A cotton speculator who once paid
a lee several times greater man nis
lawyer expected, was not so shrewd a
man. Soon after tho fall of Ticks
burg, he became involved with , the
authorities, who charged him with
fraud. Hia cotton, which was worth
a large sum of money, being seized,
he sought the aid of Mr. Geiger, an
influential Ohio lawyer, then visiting
The lawyer in one day satisfied the
authorities that there was no fraud,
and secured the lease of the cotton.
The speculator was gratified, and in
formed Mr. Geiger that be would see
him the next morning after he had
finished loading his cotton on a
The lawier retired, but not to
sleep. He was debating with himself
what he should charge his client.
The amonnt involved was large, the
speculator would make a handsome
fortune, and Geiger thought five hun
dred dollars would not be an unreas
onable fee for his services. But in
the morning, the sum seemed so great
for one day's work, that he feared to
In this frame of mind, while walk
ing out towards the steamer which
was to carry off the cotton, he met
? 'Well, Mr. Geiger, that was a good
dav'e work you did for me yesterday,'
said the client, taking from his pocket
a large roll of bank notes.
Holding up one knee, he thereon
counted off four five hundred dollar
bills, and without looking up at the
lawyer, asked, 'Is that enough?'
Geiger looked on speechless for a
moment, but recovering himself, said,
with the habitual coolness of a law
1 guess you had better lay on
It was laid on, and Gieger, putting
the two thousand five hundred dollars
in his pocket, said, 'Good by, sir.'
who Knows Every
thing. A newly-arrived and aingulary-as-ojrted
couple at the Fifth Avenue Ho
oner and out an3"ouf"Americad it,
tern man, stood watching the throng
of people coming apd going at the
marble counter the other evening,
and listening with surprise to the end
less number of quick questions made
to the hotel clerk about trainsrooms
and individuals, and his instantan
eous replies, when the Englssman
broke out with:
'Most extraordinary man, seems to
know everybody and everything
wonder if there is any questions about
a railway train or ami person he can't
'I'll bet a half a dozen champagne
I'll put him a question about a train
he can't answer, said the Westerner.
'Done ! I'll stand six to see him go
to grass,' said her Majesty's sub-'
'Well, here goes, then,' end Wes
tern steped up t the marble coun
ter. 'Sayr YoU appear to know every
thing anil everybody, who is there
that's going to h , and w hen'll the
Charles J Uuiteau; starts Juno 30,
sir,' replied the clerk, looking the
querist rig! t in the eve without mov
ing a muscle.
'Well' I reckon yon are about right
but you can't tell me where I can go
and get a ticket, can you '
'Goto the dtvil!' said the clerk,
'Mister,' sai l the Western guest,
looking over to the blonde book-keep
er after the laughter, had subsided,
'you can charge six bottles of 'Fiz'in
my bill for the use of them gentle
men, for I must weaken on this bet
it's agin me ' He withdrew, and
the clerk kept answering questions a
bout other more familiar routs with
equanimity. Hotel Gazette.
Ease and good-breeding are no
where more dispensable than at the
dinner-iahle, and tho absence of them
is nowhere more apparent As soon
as you are seated at the dinner party,
remove j-our gloves; half unfold your
table napkin, and place it across your
lap, putting your roll on the left of
As soon as you are helped begin to
eat. The custom of waiting is obselete.
Take soup from the side of the spoon,
j aud be careful not to make
i in doing so. liy tilting the spoon,
: you can avoid sucking it up Jxever
tilt the plate however.
Soup and fish are not taken a sec-
oud time. Toucan refuse auy disli
that is passed. After catiug, the
mouth should be wiped with the
napkin, before drinking.
Fruit is eaten with a silver knife and
fork, after which you dip your fingers
in the finger glass, wiping tbem on
the table napkin, not on the d'oyley. If
a finger glass and d'oyley are placed
on your dessert piste, you, ."should at
once removed the glass ' and d'oyley
placing them on your left hand; the
glass on the d'oyfey. T y " y
iAlso when a plate is placed before
you, with a fork and knife on it, imnie
diately , remove fork; and knife j or
epooh, to your right hand. ',' 't
It is a mistake to' keep gueits over
two hours at! table, even at grand din
ners. 1 One hour ia the limit of an cn-fl
ceremonious dinner, where host, host
ess and servants understand their tiu-
ties.-- Youth Companion y t
"You Fast, yMssrf,U, K Vy
imnister'ouicTatiig at a wedding
better not lay any plana for sport on
his own account. The laugh may
come in the wrong place forhimHia it
did at a negro wedding ia .Virginia,
where two brawny.' ruby lipped ne
groes called upon a young and "pop-.
uiar muiisier to om marnea.
The minister .was fond of fan, and
Invited ' so&ie of ' his . ' intimate
friends,- telling them he ' woald have
an extra performance in the cermooy
The parlor was well lighted, and
the guests with mirthful faces, , were
seated, when the couple were shown
in. y -'.. '.;'.:':. : ;
The ceremony proceeded,- amid a
little tittering of the guests and no
little - agiation on the part of the
lovers. . As it ended and the minister
pronounced them man and' wife, he
aded 'With a smile, ' - ' t
"Samuel, solete yoiir bride. p j :'
The new made husband looked . all
round the room, and seeing by the,
mirth of the crowd that all was not
right, he excitedly said, ' : "y
"ion fust, massah! you fast! ' and.
prompted by a look of the fond
husband, the bride laised her ruby
lips for the expected kiss. y i
m The tables had turned. The sur
prised 'minister ' stepped back, and
hesitatingly said, "I will soon have a
bride of my own to . kisa'r CAioapo
News. : t y - V
I Never saw the Like.'
Men should be careful not to use
useless expletives.if they woul success
fully; rebuke profane swearers. 1 Old
Parson S., of Connecticut, bad a man
ploughing in bis field, and went out
to see how the work was . getting on.
The ground - was ' Very stony, and
every time the plough struck a stone
the ploughman took occasion to Swear
a little. ! i:i
Look here," cried Parson 8.; , 'yon
mu8tnot swear' that' way in 'j my
field." 1 : - .'?
, . .'Well, I reckofi yoa'cT's vUr too,
said the man, 'if you had . td plough
such a stony field as this.' '
Nat a bi Of it,' said Mr.: 8. Josi
let me show you!' - ' i ,
So the parson took hold of, the
plough, but he very soon had consid
erable trouble with the stones. As.
stone after stone caught the plough
share, Mr.- S. ejaculated,-
'Well, I never saw the bkei'
And this he repeated every time ai
stoqevtoppcd)S4nward way . As
soon as he had ploughedYfoUndTonce
he stopped and said ' td; the man,
'There, now! You BOO I can. plough
without swearing.' '
'But I guess it's pretty near as bad
to lie,' answered the man, "and you
told a dozen o' Jies. Every time the
plough struck a stone, , yon said, .'I
never saw the like,' when - the same
thing happened a minute before!'
The parson's ejaculations ' were as
unnecessary as. the workman's were
profane, but they did not show an ir
reverent spirit. '
Pronunciation of "U,"
Some of our readers may thank us
for calling attention to the following
suggestion as the pronunciation of
Ninety-nine out of every hundred
Northerners will say institoot instead
of institute, dooty for duty a perfect
rhyme to Ah e word beauty. They
will call n$w and news, noo and noos
and sbjm through the dozens and
and hundred of similar words. Not
a dictionary in the English language
In student and stupid, the "u" has
the same sound as in cupid, and
should not be pronounced etoodent
and Btoopid, as so many teachers are
in the habit of sounding them.
It is a vulgarism to call a door a
doah as we all admit-ia it not as
much , of a vulgarism to call a news
paper a noospaper? One vulgarism
is Northern and the other Southern,
that's the odIv difference.
When the London Punch wishes to
burlesque the pronunciations of
servants, it makes them call the
duke dook, the tutor the tooter, and a
tube a toob. New York Weekly
There is no telling whether a Colo
rado mine will turn out a bonanzi or
'peter out.' 'A man can't see very
far into the ground,' said an 'old band'
explaining why mining is ro uncer
tain Some settlers take to farming,
seeing that the mining camps pay
high prices for foo l for thousands of
men and beast. But even farming,
though the crops are abundant, hai
! its risk, as the following story, told iu
Mr. Hayes, isew Colorado, plainly
I waa mining up Central
tl an I fl timol 1 lin.l iti.r.
.... .- V . , .IUV. I 1 1 I J
g one day a man wiih onions to
sell. We were glad to get veg tables
Well, a: I didn't say anything,
but I allowed that" farming must be a
better business than mining, ard I
bad better go into iv myself. So 1
quit my claim, and struck a ranch,
and hired a dulcbmuu at one bund
reddollars a month to take charge.
"Well, my vcgtables began to
ooroC up. And t ne dy," Tit i I
a sort of maiLelman, csune ' -Slopped
to dinner, uud I kuo .
counting the callages in on. c f
fields.- .. : -v . .
Tlif r says be, 'Jor, I f"-t 1
bso culljfl"C;. THi J M . red )
tl,6C3 for the let. an.l I I W LIui i
ani Lo pulled or.t a 1 . f r ' 1 "
But I didn t wsj? I it n t!
I toIJ ) in) to t ut it ia t! o
gfve m A check w! i 1 -to'send.'for
tloa c;.! 1 j
. . .i
Al liny raie, i.,uo
'ill i '
lony, sir, i it'll j
- rt r mm r. . ,. ' . . .
A 1 r t
in the air, the n.n as Lit
ecured, and I loolf 1 vp c .
Mountain, and mw queer i
a cloud. And ulile I wm I
out came the snn, nnd the sir
of. millions of .' .n
'And what wn
Wings! "And tL
Some inches dppp n
out of my f 30,C- j t
hatful of lettuce tl
glass!' v ;
'A lawyer's dnlv t 1.
compel him to fi.l . t a v
vcre croBs-cxaini!)-. iioa. j,. :
be courteous, tim !i l.c is t
reason to com; b.:a nt.'. l a w
taliate with a U-.ll.a j r (tt,
The late Benjamin I lln'k'.
State, was a goo l.enrte.l
sometimes lie would 1. t hia ;
seal carry him beyond tlie J
separates the browbenfrr fV
examiner. He was or.. "'
Whittemore, whoo t m ; f , v
helpful to Ilallct's tl u.
'Now, doctor, I want you ;
ber that you are . testify in
said Ballet several times, jt,. : .
to nettle a wltneKK.
As the doctor, bavin? fin: !
tiraony, was leaving t!-; t:
"Well, sir, you have corii i iv '
age your case prettv !!!'
Thank you, Mr.'ll i!' i
doctor, secin? liis :,.,
might return tlio com;
not testifying under
Hallct, w ho wan oI;n tlx- i
which shots were nm.M ., w.i-
erely bit by his fiiend JMwar '
noted wit of Boston 1 r. '
slavery men were rxeee.l n '
their criticism of Hall, t, w
bfe had sympathized wiiii i
but subsequently tccftnie t! n
ponent; - .-
. ; wm morning, juk a:
slaverymectinw, whore II
severely critic'iHed, lie m ! : :
'Did j'ou . notice how ui;!.
aboy-Jrifyts absoed me. .
Why.t k.hey eveu called in.- '.' ,
carott1 r ;
'"WtV replied his fiin.','.! .
that aha make no di Here in t .
what would Judas , 6ayf 1 1, r J
i 1 " i
TktBeatK of ATrrllalm.
r In a private letter from a f '
Arkansas we have the f V. ; :
...MI rt-yo-i to po to Gwo. .
and o - , -!'.'vntr, i; 1
ihlnk it i.h . ; . ! ' n t t
if ,'lt dot the -w,.i. J "
pSy - for it and take t'.o j
State. From the aj j ' -ranee of t
in yous paper I fear It woul 1 n t
good'woryn wet weather on : T ! ,
I ara'a gr'eat. favorite of jip; ro I i
plements, , and desire to try tl.ii i
mediately." ' y-' ' ' -
The writer further .says that the
look for a crop Jn some pfrtion of t
State is deplorable, -Many the l ir
are submerged ' (May 21b( ) th v
being higher than at any ttme nine.. i
Hw TfaeklMt; Fay., "k ,.. ,
In commenting on ' th uramuit t
tnck already shipped' 1 y J : r. J. a.
Meadows, as .reported in , jfttnl.iy '
JOUENAL, it is Btlmated, by thcHo a
quainted with the prices truck ban t-
selling at during th 'seaHou,' tl. .t IZ
Meadows has made not less, than
clear profit this season.- ; Aad . it i
thought that Mr. Jos.'jL. Rhoirt h.
cleared at least (30.000. The Irur kh
busineaa pays handsomely whf a Qi
seasons hit, and even of a bad year they
generally clear expenses. New pern
leads the .State in this busiuenH. yy
Harder 1m Wara..',V.
We hear that a Murder was commit
ted near Fremont ' on Friday - nlglit,
A white manJ! name unknown, gambled
w ith two darkeys and won their money .
In return they shot him' with a pistol
One of the negroes, --Brown,'4' well
known in New IJerna as a gainbler, wn
arrested and is now lnOoldstjoro jail.
Sooth Creek Track,;'1! XV f
From a letter .written us by Mr. II.
A. O. Sawyer of South Creek wa learn
that that rich section . is engaging in
trucking. For" the week ending May
20, 118 barrels of Irish potatoes weic
shipped; and for week ending May ,
178 barrels. . y . r,ti
We rode out Friday ; with Mf. W.
F. Rountree to look at the "great true 1
farm of Mr. J. L. Rhera. In riding by
his field it looked like 'Reb.' times" to
see about 800 .darkies at work in one
field with four or five versoSrs busily
superintending. But- the l&borers (
good pay for their wotk 'and are we.,
coutent with suoh "Reb. tlrnes'! ai thin.
Mr. Rhem shipped about 600 barrels of
Irish potatoes and ,1500 boxes of Loan
which will probably net' him alxn
?2,000. Tretty good : returns for oi
days work. . ;
- M i ... I. . . i
. . .
In the Worley Injunction cJwa fro
Jones, Judge : Gilmer - has deck" "
continue the restraining order to
1st 1882; then Worley is to pay $300 m
the order will continue till Deo.' 1st 1
If the $500 is not paid by July 11, t
hi junction is .dissolved.
nil I l.i-