North Carolina Newspapers

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NEW BEENE, N. C, JUNE 8, 1882.
NO. J).
i ': -
Maris trate Blank arwaj on hnt
I V.
lilVi-ConatT CommissioRf hare ordered that
:-" ,r ; a.ll lands sold by the Sheriff to the county fottax-
.pa due lor tne year w, cub ij nweemea dj uu
, ,,.rtiihnot uriuf the additional 83 Tier cent.
' - -; 'n- - allowed by la provided the taxes on eald lands
' , paid by theflret of Jaly., Parties interested
- VniMi! I July' -: County Treasurer:
A 2? 0 H II EY AT law;
- New Berne, l C.
rill practice- in- the Counties of Greene;
.Iy-ic.'", Jn'S, "Onslow,. Pamlico and
t '. iT. a; aK m tlie U S. District Court.
rrc-nrt Attention paii to Collection of
Attorneys at Law, :.; '
'.' . Cf osite Gaston Honsei New'Bertse, N.C
i -cts.: Or nrcsandreCTilarly attena au ses-
Craven, . Carteret, Pamlico, Jones, Onslow,
- fcenoir. . . . ' . lar. au-w-jj.
. I7ew Berne, IT. C.
j ri . fifa
J.1 J; Tolson & coB;
(Second d or East front' Railroad)
receives GOODS by.j eyejrjJSteameri
Tfce bt of Potted : a ; ' '"f-.
Canned Goods,
si 33 2 1 -;' farads 3 " cl .CpTeer' best
grades Tlcur best kettlof
; rendered Lard-"--
; -Very t?es t selected, BCTTEH, Pr
Apple VIN CQAB, ICGAB orll crmdes
- bet Family GHOCEKIES, of :
. Our country friends : will lind it to
tlieir advantage to call and try our pri
ces before buying. All goods . sold - at
,l Goods delirered at any part of City- prompt
. and free. . E road Street second door esust
from r"rod. ' . ..Apr. J, l y C
: . " - . JOSES COUST
' : . ' To r nHl Kereer.'
- Y.-a will take notice that a special proceeding
l - , has ben bezun in. the name of John Whitty,
. "j, J - . ward Mercer t at, to which yon are
' r i Qdant, for the purpose of wiling the
; ' . r ia Jones eoonty known as the Lewis
.- ... . r ,.meste&d, for assets to pay debt of the
i - ' " ri stint..;", etc. Yon are rea uird to appear before
-; V ,. laoina J. Wbitaker, Esq-, Clerk of said Sbpernar
- tourt. ; t tne Court House tn Trenton on ine lotn
-. , : day oi June, Us2, and answer or demur a you
' ' ' risv bf aavuM-d. o the eomplaint filed. .
i- : d w td THOMAS J. Vr'H IT AKER. J. 8
, iJ . .U 1ST JD 13 It IIC E It,
:' . ; '. i. KISSTON, N. C,'f ' :,
y"if& '-' .." Harinj recently Teeefved a LARGE LOT 'of
rSSrecf Trom"the;'iIannfdeturer-l -"jb how fnlly
prepared to perform ;il antiee iaf?.' '
at the Shortest Notice. . Give me a call.. ,
L, ,u s'aon' oa Oaswell sxet.'oiM)oslt'yee jprtst
printing office. :
- fenj 011 C C 0 Sf C IGARS.
OppoBito Xoe fioxiae,
''"I i vJ'i'ET KERNE, If. C.
Apr. 1, ly dw -:-'-;??'K":s?.
J. V. ITUiJAMSiv; B. M. Gates.
;' J. Y. Y(TILLIAMS & Co,
: r h ' comrnwioN zeerchants
; .ryANDyv.;--'
. se jr-: M 1TX' Solicit Consignments.
- v x ' Solicit Orders.
licit Consignments. ,
licit Orders.
Ncwbern, N. C.
"i A Proposal on Horseback.
If there was one thing which Cays
ote Tom -prided himself on more
than another it was his horseman
ship.: Housed to boast and with
reason that he could ride .anything,
anywhere, and at any time.: ; The
feats of the crack riders of the bor
der were all as familiar .to him as
is walking to most men. ; He could
pick up r a. Mexican dollar while
passing at full gallop ; he could ride
his horse at a dead run and stop on
a blanket j he could , hang on one
side with "merely his arm and foot
showing above the horse's back as
well ;.as any, Comanche that ever
lived.' Among the men who knew
him it . was conceded that Tom was,
as" far as riding went, " a hull team
ah' ai yaller dog under the waggin."
Tom did his workfwith a finish,"
as the 'professional fgymhasts term
it.: Xone of his accomplishments,
on foot, or on horseback, had been
sufiicienty however tol guard him
against the assaults of a certain
pair of black e j es, owned and man
aged with great skill by Miss Mary
Jones, - old Dan "Jones' U eldest
daughter. Tom liad Jseen her first
at old Fort Henry, and as -her
father was well known as an expert
hunter : and -trapper, and as Tom
ranked easily among the first of
that craft, he had little or no diffi
cnlty in getting introduced. '. ''
The first: day f he . thought her
pretty : the second, beautiful : and
the third the most fascinating girl
he had ever seen.; He made, him
self as agreeable as be knew how
to-Dan, and succeeded so well that
the old. man asked him to join him
for the fall hunting. It is scarcely
necessary to say that Tom accepted
and the date was fixed at which he
was to come;to-Dan's cabin, built
on the, edge of the South Hatte
Itiver; 'yr-r . -
The middle of August came, arid
Tom started. He had about 'cne
hundred miles to " go before reach
ing the cabin," and as he rode: leis
urely along he found plenty, to think
about in Miss Molly. . Tom, by the
way, was '- a goodlooking fellow,1
trained to border life since the time
he had been ' able to" lift a rifle a
thorough scout, hunter and trapper;
Beaching the South Platte, he rode
up theTank of the-: river about ten
miles, and came to the place where
the cabin was, or rather had ueeur
Its place f was marked by some char
red logs; the ground- was cut up by
horses' leer: and here and there
reddish . stains marked- the ,t)lace
where the thirsty soil had drunk up
some man's blood. ' It did not need
a second glance at the ruins to tell
Tpin the whole story. Indian raids
were too common ; in 7ob to make
men on the border hesitate about
reading the "sign.'?. The first thing
to do was evidently to find out who
the- Indians were. A4 careful ex
amination, during which Tom quar
tered the ground as carefully as a
hunting dog, resulted in his picking
up a necklace of bears'; claws, one
of the most valued Ornaments of a
savage... warrior. . The claws ..were
set between strips of deer-skin. A
glance at f the ornamentation, and
Tom ejaculated between his shut
teeth. ' ' ' "' "
j ."Blackfeet!" v , ,;
He finished examining the neck
lace, and mounted at once to follow
the traiL '2So thought of: the dan
ger before him, or the seeming im
possibility of the mau rescuing a
prisoner from' a tribe, even 'crossed
hia'mindj'AH lie : knew i was that
Blackfeet t had,i raided" old Dan's
cabin, antt he supposed , that the
girl was probably alive from- the
fact that the Indians rarely killed
women.-' -' r. - r
. ' Tlie tra il stretched out over - the
prairie toward the 'southwest. As
he rode . along .those . indications
which are as an open' bookj to the
men of the frontier, told him. that
tnere were not more s tnan ten or
twelve warriors iu the party, and
the second day he : found a bit of
calico sticking to a bush, and knew
that they" had - Mary with , them.
Tom had with hint two horses, rid
ing one. and leading the other, and
by frequent changes he was able to
cover a great . many., miles la day.
The fotlrth day,4 about seven in the
evening, he. .sighted . the Indian
camp between two large rocks and
by the , edge pf .a little stream.
Staking his horses out on the plain,
Tom got on and scouted his way
up to the edge of one of the rocks.
Here lying on the rock, with his
face hidden behind a small bush
growing in a crevice, he could see
the Indians sitting around the fire.
A little to one side was the girl,
her head bent down resting on her
bands as tnough she was weeping
over the tate of her lather and her
own captivi ty. ,Tom almost thought
he could see the tears, and although
this wiis probably "delusion, it
was enough to make him resolve
that, somehow, he would rescue
her. He could see oat on the plain
a short distance the horses of the
whole party feeding, and he could
iust barely distinguish the form of
the horse-guard, the Indian who
had been chosen to watch them
But he had seen enough. Cautions
ly drawing back, he made the best
of his way down the rock, until,
reaching the ground, he struck out
in the direction ot the horses.
He had marked the place where
the guard lay,. and crawling through
the willows on the edge of the
stream", he approached him with no
more noise than that made by a
snake. When he got close he could
see the Indian sitting with his .back
against a small tree. Crawlin'gstill
more cautiously if that was possi
ble, he reached a point not more
than three feet away from the -unsuspecting
savage. Gatheringhim
self together, Tom fairly leaped
upon the incautious red-skin, and
before he could utter a sound had
him by the; throat. A few choking
gurgles soon ended and one more
Blaekfoot Tiad gone to the Happy
Hunting Grounds. Tom picked the
dead Indian up and carried him off
to a spot behind the rocks where a
fire could be" lit without", being seen
by the war party. Here he took
the medicine sack of the dead man,
and hunting in it, found the neces
sary paints to enable him by the
light of the fire to transform himself
from a handsome white man into a
most truculent-looking savage. Has
tily donning his victim's leggings,
shirt and mocasins, and throwing
his robe around him, Tom prepared
for the really dangerous task which
was next in order.
Walking around the rock again,
he came to where the horses were,
and from there struck bravely and
boldly for the camp.- Reaching it,
he stalked to the fire, and sitting
down,; lit the pipe in his tomahawk
and began to smoke. He was care
ful, of couse, to sit in such apposi
tion; that; the fire-light . could not
shine upon his face tor he had well
founded suspicions that the painting
might easily, be anything but per
fect, s He had not been there many
minutes before one "of the Indians
said to him: s ,
"Why has the Leaping Cat left
the horses alone T"
Then again silence, broken only
by the heavy - puns from the pipe.
Glancing at her- cautiously, Tom
caught fine look, but that, was
enough. Rising to his feet he filled
his pipe, and lighting it from a coal
at the nrestalked off m the direc
tion of j the horses. When he left
the girl rose and walked to the fire,
near which she sat down as if cold.
Tom reached the horses, and then
striking to the rightj disappeared
behind the rock.: Running to where
he had staked " his own animals he
loosed one of them and rode, back
again. When he reached the turn
into' the place! between the rocks
where the Indian camp was he rode
cautiously in the shadows until
within - about ' five hundred - feet. of.
the Indians?--; Then putting spurs to
his horse he galloped in. It took
but a few moments for him to reach
the, fire, and just before he got there
Mary .stood, up anl stood perfectly
still. ' Managing his horse with con
summate " skill Tom rode close to
her, and as he . passed in his wild
gallop bent ; down and seized her"
round the waist. The whole thing
tookless time to do than it does to
tell about it. :
Before the Indians had recovered
from their -first surprise,; Tom, on
his flying horse, carrying Mary in
his arms, was almost: out of bow
shot. -Recovering from their amaze
ment at the boldness of the feat,
the redskins rushed fox their weap
ons,' but their efforts were useless,
for none ' of the , arrows reached
either . Tom or the girl he bore so
carefully in front of him.
: Emerging from between the rocks,
Tom directed his horse toward the
place where the second was staked.
As he rode he. shifted : Mary from
the place he had her in front to the
horse's back behind. f
Here she, could hold on herself
while Tom had his arms at liberty.
Riding up to the second horse, Tom
stooped down as he passed and
pulled the stake up without slack
ening his speed. The horse bolted,
but-Torn had the end " of the rope,
and he soon contrived to bring him
along side. Cautioning , Mary to
hold on tight, he threw himself from
the back of one horse to that of the
other, and. the one on which he had
rescued the girl, relieved of his
double burden, increased his pace
at once. - ?
Tom and Mary rode along side
by side. . Their rapid gallop put
miles between them and their ene
mies, and the night prevented their
trail being followed. As they rode
Tom was told that old Dan was
dead, shot in the raid. The infor
mation only hastened what he had
made up his mind to do, for he said
to the girl : "Mary, my , cabin is
empty; will you come to it!" and
Mary said "Yes." When they
reached the settlement there was a
marriage performed by the chaplain
at the Fort, and the - girl's wonder
ful rescue and Tom's boldness, ad
ded to the sensation always pro
duced by a wedding, made them
decidly the hero and heroine of the
hour. Nor did either of them ever
regret the result of the Proposa
The Maine Greenback Ticket.
Bangor, May 30. The Green
back party had a full attendance at
its Convention to-day, 100 delegates
being present, representing all parts
of the State. Several attempts
were made to secure an endorse
ment of Gov. Plaisted's administra
tion, but they were defeated by the
heavy adverse votes. The platform
adopted declares an unalterable de
termination to opiose all efforts to
secure a fusion with either of the
old parties.
The following nominations were
made by acclamation: For Gov
ernor, Solon Chase of Turner; for
Congressmen, Win. F. Eaton, ('ape
Elizabeth ; Eben O. Gary, Dover ;
B. K. Kellock, Rockland ; and 1).
B. Averill of Prentiss.
Solon Chase addressed the Con
vention, saying the Greenback par
ty had now cut loose from fusion,
and henceforth would sail under its
own flag. The Convention then
Troni the Elizabeth t'ity Economist.
Hyde Jottings.
Locum, you have doubtless often
masticated between the upper and
nether millstones of your jaws the
crisp, sparkling, juicy, delicious
" Skeet" apple. It was born here
by the side of Matamuskeet Lake.
We learned to-day, from the res
pected and venerable D. S. GibbSj
of Lake Landing, the authentic tra
dition of its history. At an early
date, "in the good old Colony times,
when we lived under a King," pne
George .Williams, who lived near
Matamuskeet Lake, went over to
the ocean beach to a wrecked ship
that had eome ashore in . a storm.
Along the beach were apples that
had floated ashore from the wreck.
He.; brought , some of them home
when he returned to the Lake, and
planted some of the seed. From
some of these seed planted by
George Williams sprang the now
celebrated and favorite winter
'Skeet" apple. Mr. GUbbs, who,
with "eye not dimmed nor natural
force abated," has passed the "three
score and ten" at which the Scrip
ture calls a halt, says the apple,
when he was a "rude boy and
elimbed up the - apple tree," was
called the "Williams" apple. We
express thanks that we are enabled
by the information to rescue from
the rodent tooth of Time the name
and memory of one who has con
tributed so much to our own and to.
the happiness of mankind as has
Mr. George Williams hi introducing
the Matamuskeet apple.
Arrpwmuskeet Lake, as it is
sometimes called in the old records
of Hyde county, is a large body of
inland water not far. from Pamlico
sound. It is twenty-two miles in
length by seven in width, and forty
miles in ; circumference. It varies
in depth from three to live feet.
During the winter it is frequented
by wild fowl that feed upon its
grasses, which are hunted by sports
men, chiefly for sport. Fish do not
abound in its waters. Catfish and
the smaller , .kinds of robins and
other perch, have it pretty much to
JthfinselViMfJBut -4t...iiwldy bot
tom and the charred stumps and
logs that are found upon it make .it
admirsfbly suited to the propaga
tion of the German carp. Stocked
with carp, the, waters of the 'lake
would be eveli ! more productive of
valuable food than the fertile lands
adjacent to it.' And in & parenthe
sis, we would like to call the atten
tion of Fish Commissioner, Worth,
to. the importance; of sending some
of the young carp to Hyde county,
to be placed in Matamuskeet Lake.
If they were sent to W. S. Carter
or Dr. Simmons of Fairfield, or to
D. S. Gibbs of Lake Landing, or to
Ed. L. Mann of Middleton, they
would be thankfully received and
properly attended to.
There are various traditions re
lating to the origin of the Lake.
It was unquestionably made by fire.
The peaty soil readily takes lire in
a dry season and when once fully
under way is almost unextinguish
able. The Indian tradition is that
it was formed by a fire which
burned for twenty moons, and the
tradition of its name is full of the
romance of love and rescue.
There are many curious histori
cal and ethnological relics in the
county of Hyde. The most curious
of all," and probably the most curi
ous of all the lustorical relics of
North Carolina, is the Log Book of
the famous pirate, Teach, who was
killed in a naval engagement in
lower Pamlico Sound. Teach fre
quented the waters contiguous to
Hyde county and his principal
places of rendezvous were in Hyde
and the adjacent section of Bean
fort, which was then a part of
Hyde. When he was killed, his
crew disbanded and settled in the
precinct of Hyde and became peace
able and industrious citizens. A
few years since there died near Far
Creek, in the county of Hyde, an
old man of 85 years, named George
Washington Gibbs, who was a
lineal descendant, a great grand
son, of one of Teach's crew who
had in his possession the log book
of the pirate, which had, been pre
served with great care through the
generations. The log book was
carefully examined some years ago
by Nathaniel Beekweth, my inform
ant, and a Mr. Adams. The old
man would not part with it for a
pecuniary or other consideration.
After the death of old Mr. Gibbs,
the manuscript came to the posses
sion of one of his grandsons who
still has it in his possession, and
who is blind and needy. We sup
pose it is a diary of his piratical
and other exploits. It would be a
valuable addition to the antiqua
rian historical relics of the State.
The French Broad steamer will
arrive here this week, and will be
transported to its destination on
two flat cars. It is a propeller, W
feet long, and ! feet beam, and will
be arranged to accommodate pleas
ure parties pleasantly. It will run
up the river ten or twelve miles
The last appropriation of ,",000,
just made for the improvement of
the French Broad, if properly ap
plied, will remove all the obstruc
tions now existing between that
part of the river just above Ashe
ville, up to the Long Shoals.
When not used in excursions, Mr.
Pierce, the owner of the boat, will
employ it in towing down rafts
with which he proposes largely to
supply the town with fuel. Ashe
rille Citizen.
From the Commercial.
Steamer Transportation.
Down to five years ago the s only
steamer that bore the port name of
New Berne was the Neuse, owned iniThe First ShnTp Fight
Kinston, and ten years ago the ar
rival ot a steamer ot any kind in
rftia nnrl was a. nrhralila m-on t Tiiif
we have improved and New Berne I
begins to make a showing of some ;
life and energy in the matter of;
steam transportation.
The steamer Neuse, engaged in
the trade of the Upper Neuse to
Kinston and White Hall, is the
property of this company, which is
preparing to build another steamer
for the Neuse andContentnea River
trade by the fall.
The Contentnea and the Trent of
this line are engaged in the Trent
and Neuse River and Contentnea
and Swift Creek, trade, and the
company is contemplating further
additions to its fleet.
The steamer L. H. Cutler, built at
Vanceboro by Mr- C. T. Cherry, is
receiving her- machinery at that
point, and is expected in port the
coming week.
This company is organized on a
good working capital, and Captain
Gray and Mr. T. A. Green have re
cently returned from a visit North
looking after a steamer. They have
the plans and estimates for a new
steamer which can be built at once
and have made a report on some
steamers they examined. This line
is for the lower Neuse, Bay River,
Pamlico, South Creek ami Hyde
county trade, and will be in full op
eration by the fall.
The Midland Railway Company
has purchased the sidewheel steam
er Tiger Lily and- arranged to put
her in the Hyde county trade. On
the 20th of Juiie she : goes on the
route for the summer season be
tween Washington and Beaufort,
touching at Swan Quarter. At the
close of the season she will go in
the trade from New Berne to Hyde
direct. She, is a splendid .passen
ger, express, mail and light freight
steamer.. The Midland company is
arranging for other steamers and
will put on a line from Morehead
to SavvnslMro.
A project is on foot for a new
line from New Berne to Norfolk and
Baltimore, and there is now build
ing At the Midland shops the boiler
for a tug boat for general towing
service. A small steamer for . the
upper Neuse is building at White
In addition to the steamers De
fiance, Stout and Experiment, the
Clyde Company is building a large
steamer for the New Berne, Balti
more and Norfolk trade, and will
have her on the line by September.
A new and magnificent sidewheel
steamerj built expressly for the
New Berne and Elizabeth City
trade, will be out next month, and
with the New Berne .from this port
and the Pamlico from Washington
will give this portion of 'Eastern
Carolina together with . other lines
the finest facilities for travel by
water as well as shipping that we
have ever enjoyed.
Ir. Blaine at Gettysburg:.
Gettysburg, May 30. The
decoration of the graves of the 3,000
Union soldiers interred in the Na
tional Cemetery drew together a
great crowd of people to-day. Ex
Secretary Blaine .and General Jos.
R. Hawley and wife, 'in company
with the Hon. Edward McPherson
and Gen. Whylie Crawford, U.S. A
who commanded the Pennsylvan
reserves in the battle of Gettys-
burg, visited Round Top, Snip's
mil, cemetery nni, aim tuner,
prominent points on rue nem.
Gen. Hawlev delivered the ora-
tion. Air. Blaine was called for, j us such a volley that nearly half my
and said he had reproached himself! ev.nty men w. re killed or wounded,
that he had permitted nearly nine-, and our advance Tell back in the great
j. .. l est disorder."
teen tCiiiM n i. mint- i urn fulfill
contest without visiting and re
freshing his patriotism with the
sight of the grand scene of the great
battlethe battle of Gettysburg.
It is a proud thing for Pennsylvania
that on her sou rebellion . was
stayed. This battle demolished the
theory of State rights, and it left
this State the grand right to rejoice
in the result of that struggle, lie
congratulated himself that he was
a native of thai State, for on Penn
sylvania soil on the Fourth of July
was the Federal Constitution adopt
ed, and the rebellion received its
death blow.
What a Fool Found Out.
The man who answered an adver
tisement to following effect, say? hi cu
riosity is satisfied:
'If you would learn how to make
home happy, send a postage stamp and
cents to V. O. J
He dfd send the necessary cash and
soon received the answer:
'If you are as big a fool as we think
you must be for giving u.-, your money
you can make home happy by leaving
it and going West by yourself.'
The Mexican Congress adjourned
Thursday. New elections for Dep
uties and one-half of the members
of the Senate will be held in June
and July.
-- -
From The Detroit Free Press.
The Battle of Perrysvllle.
in - Kentucky.
w lit re
Itnjrjr Counted
J'asy Victorj-.
on an
And Found Himself Driven Tnree Milec.
llad tlie war begun w ith the battle of
Perrysville as it did with Bull Run Musi
tor'y would liavc given it pages instead
of lines, and y 1 it w as one of the best
fought and most gallantly-contested
fights of Hie whole' war, and its results
were a hundred times greater than
Fredericksburg. Chancellorsyille or
Cold Harbor. It was , Bragg's first
grapple with the Federal commanders
who were to work his downfall iu after
months, and it was a movement on his
part destined to dispel the Confederate
illusions that Kentucky had only to see
the Southern flag to rally by thous
It was .September, 18G2. Kirby
Smith had fought Gen. Morgan at
Roger's Gap and defeated him., and had
pressed on to Uogersville and met and
scattered the forces of Nelson, and had
then taken a position at' Lexington.
From this point be gathered supplies,
recruited several regiments, and made
such cavalry demonstrations as to seri
ously alarm Cincinnati. : Bragg -had
pushed down and captured Munfords
ville and its garrison, and had then
turned Irom the road to Louisville and
established himself at Bardstownl Bu
ell's advance at an early day drove him
from his position, and it was, not until
the 7th of October that Bragg concenr
trated at Perrysville for -battle. Be
lieving that he bad Buell's forces so
widely separated that he would have to
deal with only a single corps, his plan
was to concentrate, attack, defeat, and
then make a junction with Kirby Smith
and walk over the forces in that gener
al's front.
McCook had come up slowly, skir
mishing heavily, and it was noon of the
8th before be swung inro position on the
Federal leTt. ()n can yet trace his
Hnes these loug years after. - The woods
in which his first line of skirmishers' was
posted have disappeared and given place
to fields of corn, and some of the houses
and barns are no longer there, but the
stone walls and the : hills and the shade
trees tell the story. It was a strong po
sition, so strong that before Hardee
moved forward to the attack he had a
council with his division commanders
and warned them that the attack must
be made with a rush to be successful.
Two hours niter noon Hardee with his
three divisions moved out in splendid
style, and the first musket fired from
tlie Federal skirmishers in the woods
along Rousseau's front killed a captain
in Buckner's division. With that shot
all the Federal batteries in position
opened fire, and the Confederates broke
from "common-time" to "double
quick," and rushed to the attack.
Cheatham's, division had come down
the Maxville highway, and as they
reached the bridge "panning the creek
now called ater him they found the
Federals in the'.frorit, and the fight be
gan in bitter eaWiesL The stone walls
behind which the Federals were posted
stand there to-day. showing the marks
of hundreds of bunets, and so fierce vtas
the fire from behind these defenses that
line upon line of Confederates postrast
ed themselves until its fury should pass.
From their positions along the banks
and in the timber they soon opened -a
galling fire in return, and before the
fight had lasted thirty minutes they
were gaining ground. Many of the gans
on the hill above the Federal position
were silenced by the fire .of the.bharp
sliooters, and when it came to be shout
ed along the lines that Jackson v had
been killed the raw troops in his, divis
ion, many of whom had never fired a
gun before, bei:an to flutter. If they
gave way they would open a fatal gapv
A dozen oltioers rushed to rally them,
and the Confederates were near enough
to hear a capiat crying out iu stento
rian tones:
-'Stand firm, hoys for tlie love of the
dear ohl Union don't give way !"
Jackson's troops rallied, even though
some of the regiments were iu full re
treat, and they stood to the stone walls
and poured in such volleys that the
Confederate advance was paralyzed. A
i captain of Buckner's division, in de-
scribing this part of the fight,, said:
fc ' Wn co vv T 'iL- r 'e nmn ri vino- urn ir
ai)d witu oil(, eIi(:(1-s we pushed foVward
(0 drive them. My company was with
, m iitiy leet
whin all of
of u: wavering blue line,
a sudden it ral'.ied and gave
Tcrrill's men had the strongest kind
of a position, and two batteries bebiud
them were so posted as to sweep the
whole front. When the Confederates
were ton ed hack by Jackson's men they
rallied and moved at an oblique against
Tcrriil. Iu his division were several
regiments never under lire before. They
waited like old veterans for the advance,
but when the. Confederates broke into a
run and began veiling, the raw men fell
baek without discharging their muskets,
and the enemy's bullets uo sooner
struck among them tlian they fell back
in a panic that carried their officers with
them. Where the batteries were posted
is now a field of oats. As the crowd
surged back Terrill rode to and fro.
commanding and pleading, and just be
side a tree since dead and chopped down,
he fell mortally wounded. This com
pleted the panic and most of tlie divis
ion rushed pell-mell for the rear, hardly
a man taking his iun with him. Then
was seen a brave sight. Starkweather's
brigade was in reserve. It moved up in
gallant style opened ranks, to let th
frightened recruits pass through, and
then steadily advanced to the walls and
ritle pits, drove the Confederates oui,
aad planted themsel.-es there to stav.
McCook's left had been fairly turned,
but this one brigade stood in the way.
A whole division was hurled against it
time after time, but it clung to the walls
and maintained such a fierce and rapid
fire of musketry that Buell supposed
McCook's whole division was hotly en
gaged. For an hour and a half this
gallant brigade repulsed every assault
made, but then had to fall back to a
shorter line to prevent a flank move
ment. ' ' .1- - - :
A Confederate colonel : who wrote a
newspaper account of that battle said of
starkweather's brigade: v " , ' i
"We had McCook' Jeft fairly beaten
and one whole, division, on tlio run,
when a single brigade planted itself
across our advance, Such nerve rand
gallantry will seldom be. witnessed
; agaiu. I myself waf in four of . the
charjres asainst their ' position, 'and
twice I thought we should swarm right
over them, but each time we were driv
en back by their cool and ; terrible fire,'
leaving the ground covered with bur
dead ami wounded. .Hardee raved and
stormed, and(cbarge , after J charge was
made, but the blue-coats . could .not -be
driven. When - thev finally shortened
the line they moved back under fire in a
manner to reflect credit ,-on tlio best
troops Napoleon ever commanded." "
Rosseau occupied-' a ' ridge partlv !
crowned with trees- and . partly mnder i
cultivation, crossed by .. "twp . highwaj-s j
and offering shelter for his infantry and
front was .Crazv Creek, half hidden with
willows and its banks forming - splendid -breastworks.
Beyond were fences,
walls and fields, v Where -Anderson
formed his line of battle twenty year
ago the corn grows rank and the ' wheat
stands high -. ' Where Rousseau- pushed
forward the brigades of Lytle and , Har
ris to hold a skirt of woods, " the May
breezes rustled the i ripening oats as I
looked down from the spot where Sloan's
battery was stationed. ' .There ." were
many raw regiments in , Anderson's di
vision, a number of the companies be
ing totally undrilled, and : only, three
regiments having been in any previous
engagement. Regiments were" massed
for the attack under artillery Are, and as
the bugle sounded its notes: the entire
qivision moved forward. : , -
The two Federal brigades were firmly
rooted and not a musket .'cracked until
the Confederate lines were : within . pis
tol shot. Theq a rush was made, but it
was met by such a fire that the men
were appalled. Held to their, work by
the officers, many of them fired in , the
air, while other companies in some cases
charged bayonets' at each other in
the smoke. Some of tlie veteran regi
meuts, however, displayed the greatest
gallantry, square up to the Federal i
sition and fighting on either side of the
walls and fences. It was a terrific fight
for fifteen minutes, aud when the Con
federates retired the ground from hill to
creek was thickly strewn with victims.
In a few minutes gray lines- were te
formed for another advance1, this; time
resolved not to he halted. ' Without
slopping to fire, ' they swung -up' the
slope with yells and , cheers. T'ie
weight was overpowering; the Federals
fell back to the main line. ' "ft
The Con federates ' were .pushing, on
when another. Federal brigade hurried
down, and every piece of artillery which
could be brought un was soon in nosi-
tiou and using grape and canister. ; An
derson also brought forward his guns,
and for half an hour there was a . des
perate struggle. Bragg said In after
years that the fighting at this one point
between two divisionions was fiercer
than any portion of tlie battle of Chick
amauga where an entire corps was . en
gaged.; When a fourth Federal brigade
liad been4advanced, the Confederates in
their turn had to ground? They" were
followed up briskly until Rousseau's 1
line rested where the hgnt opened. . : ;
When the Fifth Wisconsin' battery
came into action one of the guns tlirew
a solid shot which struck a soldier full in
the breast, crushing him to a pulp. His
musket flew to the rear,whirliug sav
agely through the air, and it crushed, the
skull of one soldier and badly, i injured
another. The shot deflected to the left
after striking the first man, and it then
mashed a lieutenant's - hip, broke the
leg of a private behind him; and rolled
along the ground and crushed the head
nf a wounded man. A - shell flred'bv
fSl oan's battery -struck a stone' weighing
about fifty pounds, and while -tho shcu
failed to explode, the fragments of stone
kirled and wounded, several men. A
Confederate shell which fell ambus
Jackson's men alighted in a little creek
al which scores of men were filling their
canteens. It came down in a srroup of
ten or twelve mep and plunged into the
very spot where a canteeu had just
been filled. While the shell did not ex
plode, its fall splashed water over fifty
men. An ex-Confederate captaiu now
living in Atlanta who lost his arm in
that battle, had a button cut from his
breast by ' a grape-shot, hi scabbard
struck by bullet and his cap knocked
from his head by a piece of shell ln-fore
receiving the bullet which crushed - his
elbow. A gnu in one of Anderson's
batteries had a right wheel shivered by
a solid shot. It bad.scarcely been re
placed by the. spare wheel M-hen
another shot crushed the left wheel. The
men were trying to drag the gun back
when a shell struck it fair in the mouth
and split it for a distance of three feet.
None of the men around the gun were
hurt by this shell, but three soldiers in
line over 200 feet away were struck
down. A Confederate shell seut into
Stedman's brigade exploded over the
heads of a company advancing, and
while no one in that company 'wa
hurt, four men in the center of (he next
companv behind wi re mortal! v wound
ed. ATTACK I M i Ml KKID A N .
Failing to drive Rousseau. Hardee
massed everything against Sheridan's
1 division, and lor a tew minutes drove it
j before him. Sheridan called upon
Mitchell for reinforcements, rallied his
line across the Springfield pike, and af
ter a quarter of an hour ot hot work lie
ordered an advance of his whole di
vision. McCook's rijiht swinging at the
same time. At some points tlie Con
federates stood until havoucls clashed,
but the impetus nf the mighty wave
swept Held and wood and highway clear
o(' onTcderatcs, and as they began to
give wav the Federal- cheered along
the whole front.
KUillTIXti ovkh i'insoNi-:ns.
This was the licit battle in which
Federal and Confederate regiments
raised in Kentucky were placed opposite
; to each other. Both realized tlie fact,
and the- fought with a bitterness which
, other regiments could not feel. In tlie
: last advance, about a dozen meu be
longing to au Ohio rcgiinctit pushed
ahead so rapidly that they suddenly
found themselves surrounded and taken
prisoners. Before they could be sent
to the rear a company of Federal K
tnckians advanced lo rescue them,
at the same moment a company .f (',.
iedcratcs raised in, the san con n
rushed forward to hold the; )n it. O;
of the Confederates, now living i
Franklin, Tcnn.; says of the f-tin;.- .:
which took place: .
. .-"W4 did not stop'to lire,' but ruM.. !
forward with the bayonet, . In a juomci.t
we-were all mixed up, jabbinsnndpm'i'
ding with bayonets and striking a. '
other with, the- butt of umkc Ik. ,
Federal, who had formerly lired with
two miles of my fann, made a pu- h i ;
me, and his bayonet Ya&M d b t . en n
right arm and nldo and went i'.rou ',
my coat. Before lie ccidd witfeVaw it
I hit him a blow with mv fist. 'and when
he fell 1 piled on to him find hi Id him
down, although he bit my thumb to ti e
bone. We were having it hot mil
heavy when our folks fell back and l ti
me to be captured; In those few min
utes I saw the 'bavonet ined nt b .i-i
twenty times and I believe that fully
thirty men were' struck with nun-let."
, The Confederates were b
g push
dui iney we giving rruin i
slowly. Still fighting, when vn-
certain brigades began to march
the light. It Is charged that F.
his head and ordered a rct-rca '
line. Polk laid the blame m
and an rflbft was made to I.
responsible. r Jfo matter with
ficf'r;th5 fault, was; the !'
began falling back, and once r
was begun it ended hi a 1
rush through tlie town, and ;.- :'
pursuit and capture .of ninn y ,
and a considerable quant. ty f war i
terial by the Federal. At i
agaiust the protest of the divi ; i c
manders, the -Confederates were m,
drawn aud the -entire-field left to t1
Union forces. - - :
i; Previous' to this fight Brncg c-m-oi -aged
the idea that a Confederate ai n
could easily clear Kentucky J"i - v 1
end force and keep it clear. 1I pm
mulgated the doctrine among his t , ;
that they hadkmly to charge the lYden.l
lines to scatter them, and bis men w en
led to Dchevetliat they had only to f ;
afcwrvolleya to win a battle. "I r..l.- I.
his plan was to whip the Federal an
in about an hour and then make a vu , I
march to Join Kirby 'Smith, who wan
held at bay elsewhere. :Vk l ad the
samo contempt for the bhie-coais, an I
Hardee had often becn-.jsneered nt I r
assciting that Northern men. v mld ie i
stand up in line of battle,. 'I J n- rcsi.!i
of Perrysville were fl bitter jn n-
era! respects Tlie Confederate m ! ' i
realized .that he had been de i i d au !
defeated where ho txpectcd ra-i
Victory. Bi-agg.nnd l'lk l a I t!. i
IilanS ;dis6rganiteit, " find the i lea .f
inlding Kentucky had to le u! an toned.
A" Uull Run taught both niiuits in
the East the'fact that war meant fig! t
and fight meant kill, so 'also d. I '. n - -vllle
furnish tlie Western 'nrmii s w , ; i
lesson written In blood. Future I :,; :'
were to be fought with eotu tl.a g d t
solid than a braggart's assert .. . -. Ki t ;
sides: realized that where iiuiiUk ih were
reasonably equal the fight would le
steady and furious, and so it prove-1
through the long and bloody years that
followed. M.'tJtAii.
v- Jfot'Asbanictl of.icw Jersey.
: 3Iuch ; fun is made- of i:!..l
Island, lveca use of its mh.iII t n i
tory; and muchsarcasm h is 1m-cu
Ient on -.New Jersey because i!
taxes its railroads for every si ran
ger passing wtoss the State. But
it is "pleasant to know that some
citizens are propd of a "Ncvv Jersey
birth: , . ; ..
" There was an arousing scene on
Iward the Imisianh. mall ! at Ihc
other day,'." There, was 'the usual
conglomerHtion of passi ng i s in he
cabin just before .the. landed,
and amid, tlie general hubbub of
conversation-a man rriuar! d, in
cidentallv, "Xow, in w Jersey,
where I live"- ;
'...'.Instantly an' old. in an wjio. sat
moodily and silently pumlcting by
the tove-for some-time, sprang (
li is-feet and exclalmwl- '
-;xStranger, ' are . yon frimi New
J,'r.'.-.; ;". -:
VAn' willin' to acknowhslge il !"
; "Yes fiirt proud on't.". -
"llurrali I - Give .us ynr haml !"
cried;the old man faitl.v dancing
with exidtatioh.Vl,ai from New
Jersey, too, lait never felt like de
claring it afore. Shakel' I'm mi
old man. ' I've travelIedr long nnd
farj I've been' iu every city in tin
West steamboated, on Jliti ()lii
and Missisip'pilM-en loCsilifoniy,
over. the. plains, and:; around the
Horn ) took a voyage once, do Liv
erpool r but lit all my travels, hang
me if this ain't the first time I ever
heerd a man, acknowledge. that he
come from New Jersey." . '
Courtesy rtttd Irritability.
One who lias Jus tcjnpcr under
verfect control Jut a great '.advan
tage over others-who; are- easily
irritated and liable to fits' of pas
sion. It Is risid that one thifig that
contributed to i he 'fuectisM.'of I lie
United States, iu Jhe.reoetijt arbi
tration at Geneva, 'was.-the jerfect
urbanity and "gentlemanly seIfioM
session ' of its Commissioner, t he
I Ion. Charles Francis, Adams. Sir
Alexander Ctickburn, the British
Commissioner,. it Is tail. was hasty
and choleric, often' lost-Ids temper,
and was nnle and erHonal in his
replies to arguments' IVom other
members of the Commission. Mr.
Adams, on the contrary, was digni
fied ami conciliatory in his manner,
listened attentively to -ftdversenr-guments,
and replied witfi txmrtcsy
and fairness. Ills pearling won
universal esteem, qmt it pnot Ik
dou bteL that Sir. Alexander Cot k
bnrn nlicnated lwtlrportlbdity Hiid
respetrt. It Is' possible this
esteem for Mr. Ajlamil, omit dislike
for Mr. Cockburn, may have, had au
insensible influence in shaping (lie
final judgment.. Many Jnlclligeid
EngHshlnen declare thnt: tlm ling
lish Cubinet niode. a mistake when
they appointed au Irritable man to
epresent the nation. . .
;.'," '.
. V -i -"' .' t-t.-i&? fi
' 4.

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