North Carolina Newspapers

sue iim, mm twni&irjL
Editors and Proprietor.
One Year,
Six t Moatks ,
M?isvntff Blanks always on
new. rmvir ADFESTTSEao'ATK.
The Conntr Cbmnbtwwrt liar ordered that
all lands sold by the She nil" to ih cxaatf for tax
es due for tbe year 1SSi, tan be redeemed by the
owner without payins tbe additional 82 per cent.
allovEpd by law provided tba taxes on said lands
ar aid by the first of Jnly. - Parties interested
. will take notice and govern themselves accord- I
tnay 5-d" w 1 1 Jaly CoaatftXreasarer-
3 at Law
Opposite Gascon Ilonse, Ne-w-Beni, N.5.
all o,..
e Cor.'
;,nd rt-eularly end- -all ses-
ions cf i eCour' in the followiaa counties
"r;i. .. i , Pamlico,-JoBesy Onslow,
Len r. - Mar. 30--w-Jy. -
: a " r: o : i :r e y at lat7,
-. ; i , - . i ;
ijte Ci-posite. Gaston Httse,)..'::L;
Will --i 3 in t' a Counties of Greenfei
Ler v Onslow, Pamlico 'and
Craves; alio La the U. S District Court.
j -
:t Attention pall to C
Collection of
J. V .
I lX.i-i.-i.- S.
li. Gates.
: Ci
L:rn, N. C.
: ri'vTTr.iLons'r";
o d
T A N D,
. Hew Herne, N. C
" Jtxr. .30. Km
(Second door East from Railroad) . ,
I. eirea by every Steamer.
Tie lest f!
cl Qoods,'
C jk
J sW w
r, test kettla ...
-: I Lard,
tteJ BUTTER, Pnr
UGAIl of all grade
. Zj KINDS. v '"
friends will find it to
to call and try our pri
yi. All goods " sold at
Apple 1
- tt
'", 'Oar c
theli- LwIt.
ea tc-fore 1.
Hottom Zrices.
,5ouddei;v t-pd at any part, of City prompt
and f re. Kroad Street second door east
front nallroad. y ... Apr. 1, 1 j"-
:! 'A. 11. ROLTOpfl
; '.-.i AND :
- T7IIIE3 & LiaU0ES,; y;
Tfln n p n o n,'o I nifnh
TO U A U U U U ti, 01 ll A ft 5 -
Opposite 2oe
:. ! . :. ; new UEBSTG, Jt. C.
-Apr.,1, 1 y dw . " 1-:' ';;
is now receiving a nice line of
INotioiis, 0I6thing( &cte;
'K Tie rare to call and
eee hira befors
' ;',-;-:.-,.!.; .-i.
going ebe where and v ' ; '
-ManT7cIl CiabtreK
:,iAt)nis ists,
: Iron r.:i1 IJ ra ss Fon n ders .: :;
;. .. AKD ''-.:;'-.-.,:-
n o i l r h iiakees;'"
. - ; -.-SXAIiE AND BEP1IB '
Orders -ohcited- and prom
. beteen Pollock and South Front,1 f ;
-1 ' s . ; s NEW Beb?e Ni -C,-f
5 "V -ri'-.y
- V X. - .' V' rw- "W-" -s"
..." . .. .
ihraud and Adulteration. '
. The lie in labels and brands is
becoming so serious a -'matter-that
special means shonld be employed
to detect fraud, and severe penal
ties should be enforced against the
offenders; .Our Government keeps
vto a special bureau to detect coun-
terfeiting1, and all" the products of
counterieiters are confiscated. Uur
State provides a chemist to de-
tectadulteration'sin commercial
fertilizers, which prevents frauds to
a arge exten on tne iaruiers:.wuK7
etsy but allows his stomach ? to be
imposed on with every imaginable
deceit that human ingenuity eair in
vent. The liver deserves as - much
protection as thepocket,Tandruna
dulterated food is as important to
the human - system as nnadultera
ted fertilizers to. the . tender rootlets
of the1 cotton plant! ; ; ; C
t And ns stomaeha are moreivalu
able than pockets, the vigilance of
the detectives should . m greater,
vengeance more s sure, .swift and
terrible. ' All I producers idbbers,1
i trailers V and consumers should
pnite in sacred wmpasfc jouAsq?.
ciet v of the' - pests - whoVprey g upon
and strike at our lives The high-
wavman. burerlar and sneak: thief
are friends oPbttmanity compared
with tha . adnlteratora ol ..our :iooa
and drinkrtPublic opinion 'should
be arottsed,-andv cbneertecFraeti6n
should be taken: to stop this deadly
practice.. Ave are becoming , a-na
tion -or dvsDeptics" 'and much of
this evil js caused ibyK impure land
poisinous adulterations -'in "' our
food."'3' ''K-i
The Tariff, i
The KeiYorki2?, in com-
mentfnff. on": a4: number:- of : letters
sent troin editors of North Carolina
and other Southern States,; in re
sponse to an enquiry as to what our
people thought of the tariff, - says
the Southern people snow qonsm-
erable indifference! and mn.irw ig
norance on this : subject. " This re
mark is true, but the tariff bids fair
to become i a liv e jssiie id the future
and when? it does so Income this
indifference will; quickly cease.'
On this "question there are.three
parties , about . equally ( ,. diyuiea.
First, those protectionists who - are
so afraid of any change that they
prefer to keep the present laws,
with. all their ineiualitie.s and in
justice, rather than risk a revision.
Second, the free tracers, or, as mey
prefer to over themselyes with a
doubtful phrase, ior a "tarin ior
revenue only.'? ' Third, those pro- j
tectionisls who; desire a revision
wliich'wiir protect -all that" needs
protection and j at the 6ame time
add to the free list raw material,
and equalize all products as nearly ;
as possible. This, t itiis; thought,
will reduce the' revenue to a point
easy to be borne, and vet pay off
the debt fast enough while keeping
the treasury full against all sudden
emergencies. viSijf
f The present condition of things
is' not by any means satisfactory.
First because the commission, re
cently appointed by - authority of
Congress, can never - be - so -organized
as to present a tariff -upon
which all .can agree.- Whatever
they, recommend will be torn ,t0
piecies by Congress.- The commis
sion; can by no possibility solve the
problem. It was only teamed.? for .
delays and that is all that can re-,
suit from it. ..This delay can only
exasperate those protectionists who
desire, and demand revision- and
if continued too long will '. .drive
them into "a reunion with the . free
traders' as the least of two evils
: -'; A maiority of the voters favdr
revision and .reduction j-,. and they
mean to have it. ; If the- high pro
tectionists continue to spend- time
and money to prevent revision, the
power will be . taken - from them
in , spite - of -all.' their - tricks,
"and when it is too "late they
will: mourn ; their lolly in "resist-
the '".will . r of -the people.
Everyday we bear of men in, the
Northl and, ;Vest who. have been
protectiotitsts "going;- over j to c the
ranks of the free traders, and if
there is no. hope of,a revision there
wilreoon be a stampede.
And' --when, exasperated by
-li j .
aeiay, t ney once get into 'power,
they.will make, such a rendine: and
rttearing'as to endanger the prosper
lty tOt the country. The. changes
they will make will be so wift and
radical as to prostrate the indns
trle3 that have obstinately stuck to
the present : unjust and clumsy
tariff. : It is to be hoped that- the
friends of" the present system will
be wise in - time, and submit to a
fair reduction and save themselves
from impending ruin. lievision
or ruin!?, will soon be' the battle cry,
and all must govern themselves ac
eordingly.. : ;. . (
How to Succeed.
It was said of the first Napoleon by
one who read his character, '.Promote
him, or he will force his way.'
?5 x nis energy is tne secret ot success
J with scores of men who have risen from
humble life to wealth and power. It
laughs at obstacles, and gains courage
from fail are. and therefore is sure to
win in the end. Genius, or high birth,
or hosts of friends, will be found useless
without it. ;
Mr. Buxton, the English philanthro
pist, expounded tne law ot success m
Europe or America, when he said,
tlThe longer I live, -the? more -1 am
xjertain that the great difference between
men, Between the ieenle. and
the power-
fnl,iaoerryj:inyineible determination,
aparpose once "fixed and then death or
From a Correepoudent of the Lcndon Times.
Insanity . and Crlm
, Insanity has been pleaded ofj Homicidal maniacs may be
late in behalf of so many notori-' classM broadly under three heads
ous criminals that it is becoming a There is first of all a certain vari
matter of pnblic interest that the ety of the epileptic who, just before
nature of brain diseases should be his attacks, is troubled with optical
better-understood and that many
of the delusions at present existing
as to irresponsibility of lunatics
should be . dispelled. The popular
notion of a lunatic as that of a man
who can neither reason nor behave
himself, who is tormented by . con-
4tinual impulsesftdido wrongj anct
Wh6 may commit the most heinous
crimes without having any . con
sciqiisness'of their enormity, is an
altogether erroneous one.; Were it
otherwise lunatic asylums would be
like menageries of wild beastsi'and
it would be impossible tor main
tain discipline in , them,, by .such
hnethods as are now - generally em
ployed..-In yeryj asylum' vtherer is
a ward reserved for lunatics of the
violent sort,:who are' amenable . to
lio moral coercion and require con
st ant supervision with occasion a I
restraint. ?n apaddedroom.ori
canvas ''straight Twaistcpatj'U-but
the great majority of c the "inmates
of an asylum 3fve in comparative
liberty, and the fear of punishment
is found quite . sufficient ; to keep
them in good behavior. Clearly,
then, these m,en know right from
wrou it. a ney j- are aw aie i uaii j i
they,steikei theirs attendaritsf grow
fractious and use abusive language,
steal, or conduct j themselves inde
cently thev- will be deprived or
some of the priviieffes allowed to
'orderly patients' or be put to physi
cal inconvenience; .and this fear,op
crates as potentlyj; upon xthem as
that of the law does upon sane men
out of doors.' : In foreigii"? asylums
corporal .punishment, 'under the
form of ; cold water domhes,.
is ' freelyllused - towards. patients.
who . are iOlent-' or - eveit .inso
lent, 'and the fact of its t being, so
used shows- that , the, physicians do
recognize in patients 5 whom they
punish a mbTaVst)onSibility . -f Of
course, there' are5- patients whom a
doctor would not think of punish:
rmsr; -the drlvelunif idiot, the noisy
maniac passing .throngrh.- the acute
phases;; of- 'general ?aralysis,; the
drunkard '-under the influence !of
delirium treniens,frand the epileptic
in his vertigo are sure of impunity,'
whatever they may say?or?dobut
not so ; with the epileptic;- iniithe
lucid ptMos- betveii the
elaHChohc' patientjvho as j, pos
sessed with a monomahfa, but-who,
on all subjects save tnej can reason
soundly i and thQ.; paralytic anring
the intermittences of ihis; malady,
when he ,is apt. to be talkative,
troublesome, and slyly mischievous,
but yet v retains the perception of
what ; is-, permissible v and :what s-is.
not. It must s be remarked, again;
that in inQst asylums greatJnanyl
of the patients - are j -.allowed i to
smokej to have-' lucifer -mafchea'rn
their possession, to r carry: knives
and scissors,:and;rta "work! with
edge tools, spades, and pick-axes ;
others are sometimes employed in
the surgery to help in mixing drugs,
and a tew can generally , be .seen
going about with paint pots;, varn
ish, and other ingredients-; for-; the
work ot house decorating, jsow li
it were admitted that a lunatic is
always k an; utterly'; irresponsible
creature, . it .. would : : manifestly be
monstrous to trust -.him with edge
tools,' with drugs,.- or witli , paints
containing - poison.. ;'Eut .lunatics
are so trusted constantly and with
out any evil consequences. - What
becomes, then,, of the doctrine that
a man who has once been, m an
asylum, or who has had parents, in
anasylum,- should be regarded as
innocent of any : evil ;intent if he
commits a murder. Supposing that
a lunatic ywho lias v resisted the
temptation of setting fire to his
asylum, knocking his doctor down
with a spade, or putting poison in
fo.-his, keeper's food,. becauso lie
knew ; that ! any ;j such Ireaks would
be promptly f punished, were after
escape or discharge from his asylum,
to commit arson or robbery, could
it fairly be said that he was irre-1
1 . 1 1 1. 1. .. .1 1.1
eiuiiHiuit; ufumise jiw jiito hclcoj
show that at the time when he
committed the offence the alleged
lunatic was laboring under acute
cerebral excitement amounting to
delirium the contention would be
The idea that because a man's
brain is affected he may be expect
ed to commit any sort of crime is
one often favored by experts called!
for the defence at criminal trials, i
Dut laets ao not uphold it : and it
has been authoritatively' reiected
by the most distinguished physicians
abroad Doctors Legrand du Saulle,
Blanche, Lays, Bergeron and oth
ers.: In short, the doctrine now accept
ed by French medical jurists is that
before a lunatic can be declared ir
responsible for a crime it 'must be
ascertained whether the symptoms
of his nialady predisposed him to
the perpetration of that, particu
lar crime. A lunatic may be ad
dicted to indecent acts ; it does not
follow that he will be blameless if
he commits a forgery. " Another
may be an habitual pilferer and yet
know perfectly well that he'has'no
business to take life. Lunatics in
confinement are constantly heard
using deadly threats against the
people;whe deprived them of their
liberty ; but even when they escape
it is seldom that they put these
menaces into execution, because
homicidal mania the only form of
insanity that irresistibly impels to
nndFT the bp lief that hemifhr, avoid -lcMSi, was 1,15U,
detection ? Assnre'dl v not. Unless ; ceipts fiom India this
there were special circumstances to I been 1,382,000 bales, a
murder and makes the preparation
of it excusable---is,. happily, much
rarer than is commonly supposed.
i and acoustic delusions. He lancies
himself surrounded with enemies or
wild beasts, and he strikes or kills
in self-defence. Asylum : doctors,
account this type of patient the
most dangerous of all and guard
him with the utmost rigor; in pri
vate asylums they will" generally re
fuse to receive him because he
gives too much trouble Njex cornea
the' drunkard -with "delirium tre
mens, who, in his mad paroxysm,
is also .haunted. f if h visions and
may very well coffiinit a, murder
without -retaining any recollection
of. it, when he; has returned to his
senses. ' This man is certainly irre
sponsible, because he has acted
without any guilty knowledge, butj
ha must be kept iii nfinement'--
because, however, sane lie.may be
wheii drink is withheld from him,
recovers las liberty he will
takej : to uthe bottle; until it masters
his reason. The third typejbf hom
icidal maniac is the' man afflicted
with that form of melancholia called
by French physicians del if e desper
Hcmtipns. " Jle too,- is. tormented by
optical and acoustic delusions; he
hears jvpdces of, people, insulting
Jhim, recognizes old enemies in
harmless strangers imagines- that
attempts are being made to poison
him and that a vast, conspiracy is
afoot to injure or annoy him. This
kind of man is. usually more addict
ed to suicidal thoughts than to
murder.; but he is dangerous.
i-. f ;
- v " ?' ;' ' '-
"It must be hoped that it will be
found practicable some day to ar
rive at anaccur ate legal definition
of lunacy and to commit the . -power
ot signing certmcatss oflunaey on
ly to responsible-practitioners of a
certain standing in their profession.
Meanwhile, by way' -of. guiding
those who know little about luna
tics; to 1 a right understandmg- of
what- constitutes irresponsibility,
it .may be stated that ; the mental
disorders which render a man un
fit' to discern between right and
wrong are as plain. to recognize as
smallpox:" and scarlet fever. A
man; a eed be iio doctor to tell when
a patient is suffering from the fren-
zy oi incipient general paralysis,
the vertigo; bflchronie eiilepsy, the
morbid hallucinatiomiof melancho
lfa,r brthe 3eIiHrrm produced by
alcohol, ether, or 'opium, if no
pronouncedf symptoms ; are appa
rent lunacy may, indeed, be latent,
but it has not reached that point
when -the brain is so affected as to
have lost its power of controlling a
nian's acts. To assert Ihe contra
ry is to lay down a proposition by
virtue of which the worst" crimes
should secure to their perpetrators
the greatest impunity
The Cotton Outlook.
The cptton situation is becoming
interesting.! It appears that the
entire amount of cotton hauled
from the plantations since Septenv
ber 1 is 5,2J0,382Abales, of the av
erage weight of 474j pounds. ' At
this date last year there .was re
ceived from the plantations 6,3ol,
300 bales of the average weight of
486 pounds.. The actual differ
ence in the weight of the - bales is
rather more, than 12 pounds, it
taking 40 bales of this season to
make 3D of last. Making the calculation,-oar
present crop is equal
to only 5,138,423 bales of last year's
crop, showing a difference of 1,212,
883 bales;;:? The crop last year was
6,589,320 bales: At this time' last
year there were still on the planta
tions 238,000 bales. There are not
now 50,000 bales to come. The
real difference between the two
crops will bo more than 1,400,000
bales. This deficit is supplied by
the surplus cotton .on hand at the
beginning of the cotton year, and
the increased .receipts from India
and Egypt. Tne amount ot Amer-
1 ... 1 T I ' I it t iTl llOlirl Sll 1 11 1 1 .riT ' I
" v"tt" """"
(i oaies. i lie re-
year have
gainst 707,-
000 bales last year, and from Egypt
414,071 bales, against 372,382 bales
last year. The increased receipts
from these points are, then, in
round numbers, 500,000 bales.
The total consumption of Europe
and America last year was 8,407,
000 bales, of which 0,185,000 were
American cotton. Putting our crop
t o,200,000 ot the weight ot last
year, and adding m the supply on
hand we have 0,330,701 bales as
the total American supply, which
would just about meet the demand
if it could all be placed at the mills,
and if there were no increased con
sumption. There has however been
a very considerable increased con
sumption, and it is quite impossible
to put all the cotton at the mills ;
so it is apparent that American cot
ton will be scarce before the new
crop comes in. Its place, however,
to some extent can be supplied by
the increased shipments from In
dia, of which there are now 1,033,
000 bales on hand against 700,000
bales at this time last year. It
would seem that already 1GG,000
bales of this cotton have gone into
consumption in excess of what was
used up to this date last year. At
all events we must enter next year
with no stock at all on hand, and
the price of cotton will depend very
largely on the crop prospects.
3rY?r and Observer.
Subscribe for the Jouhnal.
C, JTj'NE 15, lfs82.
Kxpertmentf tm VaecliiaU-Dr. Mil
' ler Belief tbmt tbey wlU Ssteeecsl. .
- ljr. wesiey 3er Teaa a paer
entitled "Prevention of Tubercular
Disease in Man and Domestic An
imals," before the New York Acad
. emy of Science last evening.. This
Was called out by the recent re
searches of Dr.' Koch, Government
Adviser in the Imperial . Ilealth
department ot JtJeriin, who ; discov
ered that consumption could be
conveyed by inoculation.. He found
by microscopic examination of the
diseased organs of a great number
ot diseased men. and animals that
the tubercles were infected by iniu
ute parasites which her differentia-.
ted trom the surrounding tissue by
means of a special dye. Transfer
ring the diseased matter by inocu
lation to healthy, animals, he re
produced the diseased Jle culti
vated r the parasite artificially
through many generations,; and
again produced the disease by in
fectfnsr healthy anihials with these.
A natural discussion followed as to
the feasibility oft modify mg i the
tubercular virus by cultifationj and
using this in the lorm of vaccina
tion jas , a - means -to- prevent con
sumption. ' V - v
j The essayist last evening pointed
out that a related disease might be
transmitted from man to animals
by'means.; of inoculation, and back
from animals to man, 'thus giving
protection trom or lessening the
severity of, disease Pasteur, he
said, found ,tha t -his . chickens when
inoculated with a mitigated virus
of chicken!-cholera were -- fortified
not against this disease only, but
against., anthrax ; and it has also
been shown that when animals are
vaccinated with bovine virus, as in
propagating . vaccine to prevent
small-pox . in man, this operation
gives' immunity, to the animal from
other contagious.diseases. ? Though
this is not a principle to-be relied
upon no such f vicarious action in
other cases has been known , to
exist. Vaccination, as electricity,
the essayist, said, is a mysterious
agency that exists in life itself, and
all we can do is simply to render it
harmless, transform it into different
degrees of virulence, and modify
its character, as a preventative. -
I The essayist referred to a paper
witten by him in-1873, in which he
alleged the possibility of prevent-'
ing. consumption ...of the lungs in
mail. by means of vaccination with
the -) modified form .of ; tubereulosis
of. the bovine. , i Experiments in this
sort were, made by him.. But this j
modified virus : was' first rendered
harmless by : having , been carried
through a series of generations of
the bovine animal.. .-.
Dr. Miller . expressed thet belief
that at no distant day a preventive
for consumption would be found in'
vaccination. N. T. Sun. '
Tlic Crowing Cotton, Crop.
K lEW YoEK,'June 3, 882.
Messes. Editoes : Bradstreet's
report of the growing cotton crop
makes 97,000 acres less of j land
planted in cotton than in "1881.
which is an average decrease of 6
per cent. Particulars by States as
follows : ;
Louisiana . .
Texas . . .
Tennessee . - .
Georgia . .
North Carolina
Arkansas . ,
South Carolina
Alabama . .
Mississippi . .
Florida . . .
Virginia . . .
Indian Territory
Missouri . . .
.6 decrease.
Average 0 per cent, decrease.
They estimate 25 per cent, less
of commercial fertilizers used than
last j'ear, and report the condition
of planting on the 1st of June gen
erally backward and stunted on ac
count of cool weather, and , replant
ing rendered necessarj' to some,
considerable exteut, but this set
back is expected to be overcome
witli favorable seasons from -this
time out. Yours truly, t ,
Maesh, Peice & Co.
Ioubtfut Compliment.
Walter Scott had a favorite servant,
Tom Purdy, who thought his master
the brightest and the best man in the
two kingdoms. When he learned that
his master was "the great Unknown,''
the author of the famous novels that ev
erybody was talking about, Tom, with
true family pride, felt it his duty to
read them.
In due time he thought it also a duty j
to compliment his master. As they j
were walking together, he said,
'Sir Walter, one of your books has
been a great comfort to me this winter.'
"I am happy to know it, Tom," was
the reply.
'Yes, Sir Walter," continued the
honest soul, '-I don't know how I should
have got through the winter withtou
'You don't mean so, Tom?' said the
pleased author.
"Yes,' said Tom. 'I'll tell you all
about it. You see I comes in from my
day's work tired out pretty well. I
sits down in my chair with your book
in 1113' hand, and a mug of beer on the
table. Then I cocks up my feet, all
comfortable, you know, and begins to
read. In five minutes I am fast asleep.'
Sir Walter laughed heartily, but
turned the conversation to other topcis.
Of the two general classes of speculators
in the stock market, those who try to
frown them down are called "bears."
A Chicago paper tells of a man who
was complaining that he had invested
a rather, large sum of money in . Wall
Street and lost it alb A sympathizing
friend asked him whether he had been a
'bull' or a 'bear.' He replied, 'Neither,
I was a jackass..'
Sudden Deaths. Ahsestbet-
:; ;" tics, j.-'-w
. The public are familiar with - deaths
ir the dentist's hair ' froin chloroform,
and, less often, from 'ether. It is not
well to use either in slight surgical cas
see, especially as nitrous oxide is always
safe. - : . - - '
'-till, in surgical operations, as a
whole, even chloroform has saved vastly
more than it has killed, it both enables
tne operator - to handle the. case .more
carefully i and prevents - that . nervous
expenditure on the part of the patient
which, of itself, often determines a fatal
issue 1 ; '' .. '''.';! "v! .",-,;.
"Chloroform produces its,-- anaesthetic
effect by its action brt the brain arid ner
voms centres. - Now there ; is a ' great
difference in brains in their suscepti
bility to influence, whether, narcotic, or
stimulative.. A quantity r, of;?. liqu.ot
which' Will throw one into a drunken
stupor, ! and inflame another with man
iacal rage, will, at the most, only
gently-stimulate a third. - - ' ; '. 'J . '
' -T'he diffeaehed is partly constitution-;
al,' and" partly dependent, on j aotuired
conditions' of .the, person, Greaterex-j
perience doubtless, will enable us to
know 'whether ; ihe admiration of a
powerful anaesthetic will be safe in
any' individuual ease. '". '. ,.f; '.., ; . :'..; .'.
' Bat at present this knowledge is
only partial. It is, however, known
that it is not safe for persons troubled
with heart conplaints; not for those' fid
dictied to the use of ardent spirits; nor
for any soon after a full meal. , ; ;
But' these cases ' aside, the question
is one mainly of, quantity. And it is
probable . that by-and-by it ; will f be
found tha t the true and safe course will
be, in all cases', to "use only so much, or
so much combined 3 with other drugs,
as well leave the intellect free while
rendering the pain bearable.. .
Ihe immediate cause of death from
chloroform is a , temorary ; paralysis "of
tne nerves either of the ; lungs or the
the heart. ; throneh V such chance
in the blood as to take away its 'power
to supply nervous, stimulus. - - '
X Slfasmoaie Action, ;; ; . ; V
The muscles are endowed, with con
tractile power. They tend of them
selves to draw their extremites toward
their centre. The hearf is a' double
hollow inuscle, - whose, alternate con
traction and dialation constitutes", its
'beating.':' The -contraction "throws
on 'the blood into "the System,-fand the
ailation opens the heart tor more.;; Ah?
workine '.of this -central encine so es
sential that its power to dilate and con
tract is, to some ; extent, provided for
within itself. So much so is this case
that the heart will beat for a consider
ably time after - it has ' been removed
from a vigorous animal. ,
-K uertain ganglia , at thebaseof the
braini supply,, the force necssary,v:to
motion the motor neve-foree, as it is
called. , The supply is generated by the
nerve cells in the motor 'ceo tfes, - direct
ly from arterial blood. - f v t:'-f
Withold the- blood from the motor
cells and alljmotion at once eeases. ; .The
same effect follows when the blood .is
sufficiently .vitiated through the failure
of lungs, liver, or kidneys to elimate its
constantly accumulating impurities, T
.Ihe motor nerve-force, ac ts-by k ex
tending the muscles, or- when they are
in a state of apparent rest, by simply
counteracting the contractile tendency.
In the case of the heart, the motor and
the contractile force aot alternately, ;, ,
If, through any cause, .the -.motor
force iss suddenly checked, the . muscles
yield to their, normal tendency, and. the
results it spasms. Hence spasms in the
dying do not generally indicate suffer
ing, for the nerves of sensation also, at
the same time, fall of their nervous
supply. 4 .
On the contrary, cramps in the limbs
at night, caused by an over . use of the
muscles, which has partially exhausted
the supply of motor force, are attended
with pain, inasmuch as there is no dim
inution of sensational nerve force
The arteries have a muscular coat,
by the action of which the arterial
blood isincresed or diminished. In, the
dying and often ,under other circum
stances the lessing of the motor-force
allows the arterial muscl to contract
along their entire course, thus greatly
diminishing the blood supply to all ner
vous centres, and lowering the power
of sensation. Hence, the act of dying
is ordinarily painless. Hence, too, the
pallor of the face.
His Interest in the Boy.
It is a pity that humanity shonld ever
have a- mercenary motive. But for a
nature so sordid as to be incapable of
any higher regard for another's life and
welfaic such a motive is better than
A negro bo", says the Oaves ton
Jeii'8 came very near being run over
by the locomotive of the special train.
Had it not been that an old negro, at
the risk of his own life, seized the boy
by the collar and jerked him backward
just as the cow caicher reached him, lie
would undoubtedly have been cut to
pieces. A gentleman who witnessed
the heroic, act said to the old ne
gro 'I suppose you are the father of that
No, sah: his fodder libs out in de
country, and sends de boy to town to
get his edticatiou. De boy boards wid
me, sah.'
'You seem to take a great deal of in
terest in him.'
"Indeed. I does, sah. His fodder
owes me foah two niufs board ob dat
boy; so you sec dis aint de right time
foali him to be ruu ober by de kears.'
Youth's Companion.''
Common Sense.
A valuable horse had been lost and
no one could find him. A half-witted
fellow finally brought him back, and to
the question, 'How did you mid him
wlien no one else could?' replied,
'Wall. I just 'quired where the
horse was seen last, and 1 weut thar and
sat on a rock; and I just axed mysel if . I
was a horse, whar would I go and what
would I do? And then I went and found
- I.
. njl,t
.. - . t ,.. "H"t
Terms $a.OO :
no: ior,
" In ; Prison Without j Crime, !
The life and safety of the great mast
of mankind depend largely on the sacri
fices made by a few. . Who. that . pnee
knows this , will' ever be ungrateful
enough to forget' the patient, hard-faring
class who work and watch for ns? r '
The life pfjthe.Farallon light keepers
lone Iv and - Tfcrf? iZS
is built somewhat under the shelter of
. - w mm-
the rocks, hut they live in what to a
landsman would seem a perpetual storm;
the ocean roars iny their ears .'day 'ahd
night; the boom ' of thefsiirf is their
constant" and Tonly ! music; te.;. wild
BcreBTm theseaj4a)- the ho wl of the
sekirSns, the wiistle and fthrfek of "the
galey the dull, threatening thunder of
the vast breakers,.' ar6;ih dreary' and 1
aesoiate, sounas. wmoh , lull.. them.- to
sleep at night, and assail their ears when
they awake., -v'.,- W: '.. ;:'. ''
. la the winter. -'men ths' even" their
supply vessel, whkh; for ,tbe baofiV part, J
is meir oniy connection with the world
is, sometimes unable io make' a landing
for. weeks at a time. Chance visitors
they see only occasionally,' and at that
distance at which a steamer' Is 'safe from
the surf, and at which, girl onld not
even recogniio her lqver. - .The . com
merce; of San Francisco passes before
their eyes, hut so far away that they
cannot tell ? the ships ' and steamers
which sail by them, vbicelessand, with
out greeting; and of the events passing
on the planet ' with which they have so
frail; asocial tie, they learn, only 'at
long and irregular intervals; '.-.v
The change from sunshine to fog , is
the thief tariety ih their lives: the hasty
landing, of supplies the great event in
their months, They cannot even watch
the growth lof trees nd plants, and to a
cnua Dora and reared in such a place,
a Bunny lea under the I shelter f rocks
is probably the ideal of human ; feli-
A Marriage for Money:' '-TV r
- - - ,:. ' :
" In New York City, a princely mansion
was offered for sale - few- years aao.
about which hung a sad -story. A man
or enormous, wealth lived to the age ot
sixty without marrying; then he propos
ed to a .beautiful,- brilUanfryoung girlj
who belonged to a largo, but poor fami
ly. 5; -'-;- . ' -' -. " - -. - ' '
She hesitated 'long before acc!Ttin?
hinn his habits, morals, 'person, were aG
obnoxious tO her, - for ne,was agnf of
pure, renncd tastes.. .. . .
lint to ne tne wue ot a tnmionuaire.
ws9 IrsV i T
to-ehAwbe-bo hai hved -
come of a8eivant,7-these were temtar
to go to JEui-ope,-. to reign like a queen
tions too strong for her, as-they are for
too many -American women- ,
She married him without a practicle of
love or respectr sold nerseii as' absolute
ly for money as eversiave was sold. ;
Her husband paid - for his . purchase.
Before tho nrairiaee he built a magnifi-;-
cieht dwelling; archietecture,. sculpture.
painting, gave of their best to make it
fit tor the dome oi a rojai . laxly;, there
was a Chien8e room, a Persian roomt
a nmaoo room: mere, were conserva
tories, picture-galleries, dainty boddoirt.
The. plan was .toat. .tlie bride-should
8pend-one winter in this regal home, and
in the 'spring. go to. Europe ; for a two
years' -visitk- '- ; '-' '-- -t a"'- . .i'- '
Two weeks alter; tho wedding, the
bridegroom was struck down with' para
lysis, and tor nrteen years lay on his bed
a helpless, querulous Invalid, nursed by
his wife.' - The man.sipnr.wa8 closed! ex-I
cepting in tlie "sick man's anarlrhents.l
and resembled a gigantic tomb, ' liy the
terms of his wm she would inherit noth
ing if she deserted him.;.,She remained
faithful, therefore, only to find after Ufa
death tliAt his estate.' was as hollow a
sham as her . marriage, and that.; it was
swallowed up in his-debts . t, , ' ,v -a
Hot ah marriages for money -end as
dramatically - as this, but they are -as
tragic, in reality. -The young girl, who
sells her life for a price inevitably reaps
disappointment aud misery? e ;' 1 '-t r "L
Changed by a Compliment.
To kill a mortifying riflront by a con-
ciiatoi y witticism is a success that very
tew in such a moment have, the grace or
coolness to grasp. - ;, . . .
Count Jaubert was wonderfully happy
at repartee, and in his sallies was atter
ly lndiflerent as to whctlicr it- was
friend or an enemy who suffered. If,
however, he happened to c0niprome
himself, he had a happy knack of set-1-ting
himself rluht ih' a moment. - v
On one occasion, liavingbccrf highly.
displeased with, Marshal Soult, he made
the illustrious soldlftr the butt of Innum
erable epigrams. , The marshal,, hear
ing of this at one of Louis Philippe re
ceptions, turned his back upon the
count Just as he was stepping forward to
salute him, some thirty gentlemen be
ing present. .
Monsieur le Marshal,' said Count
Jaubert, with the utmost sang froid, 'I
have been told you do not look upon mo
as one of your-f riends. I'm delighted to
find that there is no ground for the ru
mor.' 'How so, monsieur?'
'Because,' replied the count, 'you are
not in the habit of turning your back to
the enemy.' -
Thc marshal, it is perliajM needless
to say, at once held out his hand to
Count Jaubert,
From the IH-tr olt Free Tress.
lirotlier Gardner's Difficulty
m Becomintr an Angel."
"How wicked we am when we sot
down and fink it ober," said Brother
Gardner, as the Voice or the triangle
struck the hour of seven. "While 1 keep
trying to believe in heabet), I keep wond
erin' how any of us will ebcr git dar.
We nius' not envy, an' ylt wc do
envy. We mus' not b'ar false witness,
an' yit we am torebcr stretchin' de truf.
We mus' not lie' an' yit it comes so
handy dat we can.t help it. We mus'
not steal, an' an' some of us don't.
Dat is. we doan'tgetintera posishun
to handle de funds. We mus' not -be
jealous, an' yit when de won am across
de way, whose husband aims $0 per
week sails out wid fo' new bonnets a
ya'r, am it human- natur fur my .ole
Woman to look arter her an not wish
a . h ad hold of her back h'ar? " We mus'
not sw'ar, an' yit what am I to do when
I strike the cand Of a "sidewalk plank
wid my rut, or whack my thumb wid de
Am it to be supposed dat I
. -t-T-.-t rV-l "
kates or ADvr-i.riLi.. :
Oct; inch p rk.wv -v
''?. moptn-.n.,..-..,...
' " 'Vikr xH4h.,
'QnsrUr eolnmn otis V...,........
' ;- " on pmrt...-....i.........k-:
" om ytiLT.....r.y
Half eotamaoas w-k....'.. ..... ......
aa roonUiJ.....-.-.-
".'i " on yr...M.....-....
On eolnmn one week....
' ' one month .....:.
? one yi" "
tf ContrscU for adrertUinf f r b-v .
or time may t made al (he :-. i i. ;
BskB JoratAL,'ln the i;n. u o
Sreet, Newjlerne. Kortlt Csrolm.
Will calmly sot down an' . Rin a ;
bym? , , . , ,
Wlien wo trade bosses wid a 1.
cheat him. When a man war
bony half a dollali f m wc lie t
We play keerds, dance, go to t'e ('
an' circus, an we doan turn oi r !
on a dog fight. I tell you we p
poo', wenk human 1" inV. in,
while wc natter oirf-dts ! t
6lV?'lu' ,OD l0' 1' ! i
nil m n nun 1 1 u &-r n ro u 1 1 ft
alead nkktl on a srt- t Y ; r
or pocket d five dollali t .:!
de postoflicc. When I sot w i.
and pull off my -buu , oi. ' . V
feet hide oven, an' get tot,,
how hard. I try to i pood, s
pow'ful eny it is to be I n 1. I
so-absorbed h my-Otr)"' ' .
woman has to hit me on 1
'later to bi-in me ba k to niil'i
meout artcr an armful of v
len, let us coun liner to try t 1 r
but lefus fount on wrctiai', v '.
about lo'ty-linu-s a day, nn' -frown
flaton.crur. barj.s tin ry
time. We will now irritat1 d" r
der of bizness."
- luinort nnr i a
Curious blunders l.avf ! i i
telegraph. operator i:i!"
of messages sent. l'..i it v -(o
find a u parallel io I
related in &crrfne's, 1- ' ;
of a single letter turnfd a I -dead
man. 'Mr. ltaym ., ,. .
New.Yxirk Titney oft en vW.u- !
daring the Rebellion, oml wji
with many oflWrs. lie- r.
day a telegram from C1. ;
startled him: Your lr:!. r'
Belle . naine. Come in
lie started early t!ie i
for Washington, and nii-s;
there, pushed forward to 1
full of sad thoughts that 1 - '
who had been - very . tick, 1.;. ! .
sudden. On the w ay ho in 1 1 'r. I
of Albany who was ga'M.,l Ui
mlng the dead bodies tf ! ' ,
made arrangTinents to have
1 !
i 'Going' to fifciK Wn-!.':
: t
quarters; to whone din ' . ! : -brtgado
was attached, t! " i
sent one of Ms otl'crrs t .
Uie circumstance of Lis t '
, The.. officer noon n turn !.
bn4hcr with himl The tt i
blundered by adding a IcU' r.
Swaki liad written, 'Your
corps is at Belle l'lait-e.'
traphec madii ii corpse, 'i l l
was pardoned; however, l y I
on account of the job ofinw i..
. 'Jbe Lliiie-lClin fl' '
r.The president .ordered tl.iiti
dows to be rained, tlio U e in C
frN renewwl andaU tlie du
f thc roon an1 llicn Fai(;.
... ,When Y0U run, Bcro a
'S 1
Jllistl V !
do .vices nor wcaknses, c: i
you would a hot 'tatci . lo 1 - - '
ded man to le ino'or 1 r-s
an' wretched. It wh not ! i
turn out a perfeck man. I! .:
we should i have Jmd in:; i:.- r a
preachers nor do B.Me. Ai :'i
haye biu Ileabcu au' wi -i.: I
ho call to die-
Xature' sometimes tuni e- i
widout cuile, hist as she l in s
a i
eved colts- an' three-l 1
( .
i" - .
Bich - pursons soou b (-nil- k:
eltben tools or luriHti( H. It rt ,
Jfatur's way'to bring iucii into ;
wid an ' angle's w ing n!r :i-'y
An' It am a leellc nif-j .ic'ams i i i n
too good: man. When y C '
huniau bein' who Isn't J.u.n- '
who nebber deceives, cl; .-.(, i , -.vies,
cdVets who. goes a'.., :
.wid'de wcatherv craps an' I.Hss. :: - .
won't bet, thinlco to lo tin r ' k
upon a hoss race, you have f n a : i
to let ftlone Ilonm too good. : ; " '
made him fur an-angel and I - t -put
him in Ileaben.
'Ilik a man who has wrnktH -- i
sinRt! Dcu J know Uat he 'cm n ; i
mortalwho was put on nrith to Je r 1 i.
I like a mali'Vho has had icku .-, I i-" t
aches an' grjovous trouhle.. i ,t
sartin of a man who has iy. I -like
a , man, .who. haa , liu .. IV.. -i
'juuff Uo git' -druuk 1 an' " sirons; t (.;i
kir.k.-de U-mtashun .olx-r a ku 1
fence. Den !yu-know wlmr' to : !
him. lie has bin dnr an' knows wh it ti
foot he was. 'Hike a man whi ,. '
bin a-liar; au' Vto. hasn't rutin Iv i-". '
covered from de Injury. ' Pen I Yuow
how j to trade -hoses whl him,' mi' I ,
.know what to be lieie when ho tells nm'
dat he has blii . Ashing '! II n goo.'a - -oo-t ' ,
naj-bur vboiTys my fj-ade I kuu l :1,v( .
when It will linn iionie' nor how imn li
of jt will bo left. Ha thief tnke It fr a
loan Iamprttty sartin to rckivc n it la a
day or two au'.in good cornlihinn.'
.W hen a man tens nie. ui it Las in ¬
come so good dat he foclt liko hucn I
go right home an', put an erti-n -r 7
nn my kitchen doah. Vheh a r "rt ;r
shed tears ober de condlNhnn of J.r-?
Off heathen i de heathen at home !. ., I "
better be keerfulhrnr dey Ir-ndl.iru r nn-
ey. De man who's conscience v n't",
let him go to a place of nmuHcmcnt i s
bin known (d elope " wid anoda- nan'n
wife. De man who can't rvmerub-r d .tt. . ,
he cber used an oath or tole a lie luts Lin . . -follered
" across do ocean an' arre-t-d "
rur.robbln' widdeifj an'., orphans. : Do h-..-man
who alius .w'arsa smile- am- now -
sarvin' his third term in State lVUvu.
'Let me say to you in suniin up da t do '
man who sins an' knows It nn' w an't to '
do better, am - sooneto be trusted flan I; -do
man who neber sins nn f ers ' dat he
am good nuffV JI you lie to a w!.o " ;
feels dat he am " weak nn' ', siufu.1. Yi V "
will den'luiVB a pardner;who' am t,ot' '
afreak of Xatur,;,' Xctui uow tmbaras .
ourselves wid .de regular ordcr,,ol' hi.- .. .
ness.' , J 41 Wt -
1 11 !- ;
.Kotlcc. . ' -
To the Dcmocratio .Conservative 1 Vo
Jers of Jones County. . ..'
By order ot ' the County Executive
Committee, you are hereby notind to
meet in Township Convention on Thurs
day, the 15th of June for the purpose of,
electing delegates .to the County Con
vention to be held in Trenton, on Satur
day, the 17th of June IBttJ to selrrt del
egates to the senatorial. judicial, con
gressional, .and State CoDTcntlonn. ,
Each Township will elect a Townsl.ip
Executive Committee , of five pernona
and the Township Committee no tdoctc l
are requested to meet with the Conven
tion on the 17th of June to elect a Coun
ty Executive Committee. -,
Jas- B. ptaklt.
Chairinan Exciutire Vommittce for
, Jones County. .. .' . ... ...
Mr. Jos. I Rhem lias sold over t'.i"-"
thousand barrehi of Irlhh tiotatoox i! i
season, realizing about $0.00 prr barrel.
. s

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