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0 / 75
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1 A - .- !., --'
!: PlTBfJSHED EVKRY f.HUKSPAY-i
Kates or alv .
On Inak ,o w-k.
1 ' uirp nioni. .............
.:ax2 aim cquxty, i. c: ;
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J. I Hairolam om wk
, " om raoata ......
? Editor and Proprietor i-: i
f X. W. tYARPEB, I .etor. .
l H. H.AVNN, - i rroprleara.
INDEPENDENT f IN ALL THINfiS.
On cola ma om
rates or BumscBiPTioir :
oatrjtct for & ivtueiuf 1 n v
NEW BERNE, N. 0.,,JUiy 27; 1882.
m alM. aat. tWA a it. .f i
.1:o-i-i-.h '. i I Hri, Nw 1W. North Cr.. .
.... ......i-.. ..-1-00
.Ititr.iU) Blank always ob fcaaa. "BaV ,
i a. W a
, I .1 I
w .';- '
if is -.-
-' v -I
Mir. CO. bits'
B. M.' Gates. ;
C0IIZIIS3I0N lIEnANTSjy j
' ' ' r -,v ' :? AND V'-v; Tfl:"
. T. 'CLLSiXE. DEAtEKS jS.ijf.
fT Solicit Con-signniente.
.. .. t. Soiifit Ordera. ,;
Trucler'g Supplies SpwaltV-j
New Berne. N, ).r '
lrj)e. Twiner, PutntM ohm Can
. TU .lai-e h 1 u filJAIN SACKS
l.UIitl Ll.AItI s.nupk. -
' ... V. "by Uwbljn
rlis t"iii for '.7?-. '
" Foot of MUMle treetT ' ' r ffl'
r NEW I3EUNE, N. C.
TTajcnc, Phaetons Buggiesj
lc:;3 c::;;j3 celechated vchx.
- w v. ... -.
GOOD YOTING STOC'k
-always on hand, and fur feale : ?
A. &. M. HAIIN,, ,
" ' "Middle Street,
OikJtlia Eplscojial Church and Odd
Fellows Ilajl. ' T JoBel5w-Cm
n . c
1 m m! J
. - "MARKLT W liASF,"KEW BiKNE. N.
Aim kp oa baud fall llMOt t rt s r
ItOPl-S AND TWIXtX 4 t -j "fc
? h i 1 1 ; i :s, NAii j, o ajjv ass.
. ; t A ALL. KINDS : A
PAEIT3, OILS and BEUSHES
:.. April l-w-sra - " f- J-.t
lias tfen in the bufesis for: the! laust
A I AY AYS
Cornet f JJnwil
xkvv iiruxiv s;. c-
j ; EecelTe4. 6l the Monumental - Live
' Stock Mutual Aid Society of Baltimore,
Md., through Mesexa. "Watson ;fe gtreet,
Agenta, New Berne, N. c., Serenty-five
Dollars, in full fr the loss of my horae
. nsnred in said Society, -that died on the
28th day of May, 1882. -' t: - '
,jly8-wSt - ? J. W. WILLIS.
DeBartment of Agriculture
- ' 7 i " -
Oar Coiomissioner of Agriculture
issues a very resiectable agneultmr
al journal in it Monthly Bulletin.
The." extract; given" .below : on 4 the
renovating effects of eohfinuous
cotton plan tin g?are well : snstainel
byBeexperieine of our best farni;
crf14 the. experiments with cora
he might tsfko a . lesson from the
Georgia '.planters ' and ;, follow t lie,
plan so earnestly recommenlel by
L A. Ajt SWBB .FROMHJS IELD..
lb i ttiscussins' the chemistry V of
the cotton, plan t i n--:. late n 11111 ler
of this Bulletin, we attempted to
snow the teachings of chemistry s
ft(y this i 'qneiitioiir I We f Saw that,
when: the " cotton seeriv; piYcottou
seed meal were put; baeB. upon the
soil, .. and the : fields ! were
not robbed of the rest of. the pl:tut
by;the cattlethat exhaustion ws
exceedingly small. : The cotton tt
bre was found to be almost pure
eeJiulose a r'earl)ol3"drate r.or com
pound of earltou, hydrogen and ox
y gen j and the oil similarly a. hydii
carlKJiv a It Kwlncli ? elements , are -
g:ithei-ed entirely from the atnios
phertf. Our conclusion was that tie
cotton 1 culture, when proierly con-
dtictetl, shouht not exhaust the sou,
but that with the annual addition
of a few hundred ioufidrf of sajkn--
1. .K..--i 4.1... '.....i;iw'.!nr-!r..
IIlUJJllillf . NIC WUIIltlUllv ui MUM
iat)d continuously cultivated iA cot
tpn ou;ht to improve.- -It has been
vei-yfnremsting to compile the ex
1 teiiencu of in tellfgeu t, experienced
olservers among the farmers upon
this subject, -and it : has been kiu
prising to ascerUiin stlie iiiiaiiimity
of their answers, ' Almost without
an exception -experience .Ju - the
field teaches the same lesson as
pure science. ., The opinionof f all
the best judges is decidedly to the
effect that nothing stands: in ' the
way of the steady improvement of
cotton lands, except the ignorance
of the farmers ; is not f saving the
seed ,and ; protecting the .cotton
fields from depredations, -,1 have
only space for one; extract from ..one
Of the most interesting .letters ll
have received ori the subject. : Ma-
jor4 JoaathanEvans,- pfFayctte-
viJle, writes-about: ".t
I .COTTON, UPON : A TTOEN-OUT
.Mn'fijiCd' reclaimed a1an
itoned Jappt& ,tsrChaTd 'at.l&liby
years had been given up to broom
sedgej&briaraA, nd persimmon
loam with red' clay sub-soil.,' The
trees were taken 1 up by. the roots,
straw burned and the turf1 turned
nnder with a jpne-hprse: plough.
The soil was very bare, of vegetable
matter,' the red clay ' showing itt
many .sfxotsIt -was planted in
cotton with one"' hundred and fity
pounds of commercial fertilizer iu
the .drill iMnJaere. The result that
yearwas lb.of eed otto'n
per acre.. It was kept y in cotton
constantly, for .ten -years with i the
same amount of commercial ' fertil
izer .y There was a steady increase
in the f y ield? of cotton, until the
average was 1,000 lbs. seed cotton
per acre. No other manure was
ever used? r Since then it has had
two liberal applications ' pt ' good
compost with most, gratifying re
2. COTTON COMPAlJED WITH
a - COEN.
j Another test I saw made on the
farm, pf CaptJ Evans adjoining
mine? .14 the. centre pf a field ef
sixty acres, fifteen acres . were
planted in cotton for fly e successive
years, with , tuxi application f of 150
pounds- of commercial fertilizer.
There; was a : small .but continued
increase in the yield of cotton. On
either- side of jtlio. cotton, the land,
equally : good, was planted alter
nately in corn, and rested. When
planted in 5 corn twenty bushhJ
cotton-seed per acre;. were iipplied.
Wheu resting no stock was permit
ted to run on it, and it produced fine
coats of fwir hat i ve weeds, parsley
hog . and iron vwee4l.'. The sixtli
year the'' entire'field rested, ; and
althonghUhe com ? hadi Iiadkixtyrj
bushels pi ..-eotteu-seed per-acre,
aiid two gobV crops of wedstonr it,
yet the-crop of weeds on theotto'u
landjwasfmnchthe" 5 best, ' being
thicker, better "and 'uiore uniform--ly
ikributediTo my mind there
could beincvS-better proof ) of vthe
improved condition of cotton land.
". This field has been in cultivation
Jfor. evera ceu tury . f 'J.
X'. CONCLUSIONS.. '
i ? Fronrthese testSj and other ob
servations, I have concluded
- ? -I.- That land that will' not wash
and is . strong : enough? to produce
800 or 1,000 pounds of ; seed cotton
Tl)er acre wib 150 pounds commer
cial lertilizer, may be kept contin
ually in" cotton without fear of
- 2.; That the refuse of the cotton
plant' contains sufficient humus to
maintain a fair degree of product
iveness: Still I would not be :on
fined to these fertilizers alone, as I
know; well that they pay beat in
connection with compost.
Chas. W. Dabney, Jk.,
In the Senate, Friday, the
question as to whether, nnder the
new. bill, Chinese coolies could
cross the - United States on -their
way from the West Indies to Chi
na was discussed at length. The
natter was referred to the Foreign
The use of steamns ;now
lent-in the civilizwl 'world
i iiui -
satisfactory, .to . the inventors and
scientists pf this age. That grejat
motor Whieb is onlv -k little over ! a
i-w x - - - ,
iiuuniiirj uils iraucai uf-
fulness, is expected to be supercc -
ded "by 'something as far in advance
aa steam" was of horse rawer,
"Tiw fliio finch "tirV" Ai-.xr an ;nrf inlo
front the jfew York., Times on. the
use of hydr6gen gas as'a ; motor un
der,a new invention of Dr. Holland.
The article will require careful
reading to understand it, but, in
view of the great importance of the
subject, it is worth" a little
DE; HOLLAND'S LOCOMOTIVE.
A number, of scientific gejitjejuei
aiHi capitalists were iuyitel to. o
to Paterson, N. J., yesterday iriorn-r
ing, iu order to inspect ' the ' new-
steam locomotive Oi Holland-- Up-
pn ?niving at Patersdn the party
Tl)rf Charles Holland,
inventor bf4 the locomotive,
which was. attached to- a regular
passenger traiif of the New York,
Lake Erie .and Western Kail way,
and wUici' .was ready lo. start for
iS'ew Yoi k at 1.30 o'clock. The lo
comotive was constructed. -at-' the
Grant Works, in l'aterson, and 011
jjTiuay last was used io drawing .a
freight train from Paterson to Jer
iey City. Tke right to build such
locomotives in Fi-ance has already
been secured, -; - andf a fomjKiny
khown as the New York Heat,
Light and Power Company, to con
struct them in this Stated has al
ready been incorporated. '
The inventor explained that tlie
new locomotive js luelled with hy
drogen gas, ' which is constantly
reproduced by its own heat from
water through . the .mediation of 'a
small proportion pf crn4e naphtha.
iNo oil is burned in this process m
the ordinary or popular sense of
combustion. It is used exclusivelv
within retorts without air as a le-
comiosin agent for steam . The
high temperature, of he fire chain-.'
ber in which thelTrltprts are set
keeps themsafficfentlyft hot to dis
engage the xy&ejitean
Iresence of the carbon of the 011 in
their interiora the chemical attrac
tion of thesejtwo elements causing
them to unite m the proportions ol
perfect combustion, and to become
entirely converted into carbonic acid
within the retorts. The released
hydrogen is therefore the only com-
onstioie ingredient leu to issue at
the ibnyners at"! the height of the
process. At the same time the
heat of both processes the decom-
josition within the retorts and the
combustion: outside of them is
confined and utilized -within the
boiler for the making of steam. So
great is this heat that if the decom-
posmg agent oil) beshutoff it has
been found that the steam contin-
nes . to. . decompose by heat. alone,
and to issue with. ' intensified com
bustion at the "burners for a consid
erable time. On the 29th of May
the entire locomotive w as. finished
up and delivered on the Erie Rail
road at Paterson, It is said to be
the most beautiful specimen of lo
comotive I workmanship and deco
ration eyer put On the rails. Its
weight, complete on the road, is 48
tons; length, C2 feet; driving wheels,
5 feet in diameter; cylinders, 17 by
24 inches! The gas-making retorts
are I lour -in; number, oi massive
wrought iron, semi-cylindrical or
dome-shaped, the size and shape
being nearly that of half a peck
measure with the convex side up.
They 'are Set on short iron -posts iu
a row, across the fire box; near the
floor and near the door. ,-The inte
rior of eaclrtsetort is a single -undivided
-chain bet, :lnto which enters
ft-oni tlieLtop a n oil-pqe, ex ten d i n g
to within one iuuli t'rom,the bottom,
and alsopipes from the steam-space
and water-space in Hhe boiler, all
opened and closed by finely fitted
and ganged vali'es. An outlet pipe
also passes from the top of each re
tort to a, manifold" joint, in which
these four pipes unite and so con
nect with a massive cast-iron gas
"main" running centrally through
the fire-box lore and aft (length 8
feet, diameter 4 inches), at a level
about three;inehes below the bot-
torn of the retorts. . .This main is
divided into three sections by cut-
off valves, enabling the engineer to
supply or withhold ' gas .to anv
section of the burners at pleasure,
From each side of the main hori-
zontal branch pipes of 1 inch cali-
bre and three or four inches apart!
extend at right angles across the j
fire-box to the number of 02. Each
of these pipes (except the extremes)
is pierced on its upper side with
two rows of minute, burner holes,
alternating in posit iou and oblique- j
ly pitched in such a manner that ;
the gas-iets from the right side ofi
one pipe aud those from the left or
nearer side ot tlie next pipe con
verge and meet iu pairs, each pair
uniting at an angle of, say, 45 de
grees, directly over a 1J inch air
hole in the iron floor of the fire-box.
The total number of jets thus
placed is 548. The air-holes are
-opened and closed wholly or par
tially at will by under slides con
trolled by levers from the engi
neer's cab. Under the whole is
constructed an air-chest, open for
ward, to secure a pressure of air
are other agente beiittseil in tlu3crased, .butVf
. endeavptpplace or cheapen as thoprpcess aes onto perfection
" into the air-holes during rapid
; motion, and also to warm the-drat't
, aD tuusr save- the great- heat radi
1 uted downward from the tire.
, i'iie retorts ot a locomotive in
service will seldom le cooled j but
for initiating the process, in. cold
irou priming .oil-pipe runs
;under the lour retorts, touch-in,
each, of .them with six lets, which
; turned .'on "and lighted tempo-
rarilv' until the .retortsvai-e 4iofc
j enough to -vapbze loil iuiheir in-
bcg!ifstotburu in vapor at
the burner orifices,, somefitty of
wuicn are turecriy 11 u tier me re
torts, and now rapidly heats them
up. Water is soon-let into the re
torts and the heat increases still
faster. Steam pressure soon be
gins tp accumulate" in the boiler,
and within perhaps thirty minutes
thirty or forty "pounds are indicated.
At this point steam is let into the
retorts instead of watftr, and the
stea'm ' pil-pump is set in motion,
keeping the oil at the stead,yy mod-
erate pressure required for enter! 11
the retorts against- the -pressure ot
steam and other gases within them
This is, the" usual starting point in
actual service, when -steam is to be
'got up for the day's work, and the
progress ot the hie is so rapul mat
uot inore than fifteen or tweutv
miriutes are i-eqnired for firing up
jin readiness to run with 100 to 130
1 ouuds of steam. -
I The Holland hydrbgen-buruing
locomotive, ie i.s insisted, intro
duces- absolute safety, from all
effects of fire. Tfie entire fire is
extinguished as instantaneously as
a common gas jet, and in the same
manner by simply- shutting off
both oil and steam at once. ' The
first shock of an accident will trip
a closing lever, and thus automati
cally put out the fire before the
wreck is begun. As to the oil, it is
confined .in a tank as tight arid
strong a& the boiler itself, inclosed
within the water-tank or the ten
der, and is communicated to the
retorts in streams of the size of
Promptly on time,;il:30' o'clock,
the train started from the depot at
Paterson, with William Vellner as
the eiigineer. !The roufe was over
the Newark aiut Paterson branch
tftJersey Ci)y,)aJid Vthe start was
was" 'fesvedloiiSerbf persons
especially interested in the engine's
l?rip witlr" 6" frill-fledg passenger
train. There was no - smoke from
the vent-pipe, nothing but vapor,
and this was asserted to be due to
the fact that the engine was carry
ing more steam than she needed.
The train reached the depot at Jer
sey City one minute and ten se
conds ahead of time. The distance
between Paterson and Jersey City
is said to be 10J miles. Eighty
four gallons of oil were used,.ac
cording to Dr. Holland. This, at
2i cents a gallon, would cost $.10.
A bill appropriating twenty-t wo
millions of dollars has been passed
by Congress, all ostensibly to be
expended in changing and arrang
ing the rivers and harbors.
More than half of this immense
sum of money has been voted away
to be applied to insignificant and
unheard-of creeks and streams be
cause the majority of the Represen
tatives were bound to get appro
priations from the national resour
ces, each for his own neighborhood.
With such a unanimous sentiment
animating Congress, it-was neces
sary that each loose-minded man
should have his appropriation, or
no River and Harbor bill could
ha ve ever been passed; and so from
ten to fifteen millions are to be ta
ken fiom the Treasury without any
good reason of a public nature-.
Now, this enormous sum of money,
these tenor fifteen millions thius ta
ken from the Treasury, lor which
there can be no justification, and
which amounts to a wholesale pub
lic; robbery, is really grabbed for
one purpose alone. This purpose
is to help the return of the present
Representatives in Congress.
Under the dispensation of the
Republican party money has grown
to be a most tremendous agent in
carrying elections. It was for mon
ey that the late President Garfield
wrote to his dear Hubbell, and it
was the successful disburse!' of
this money, or soap, as President
Arthur called it, obtained iu re
spouse to this appeal, who received
from the managers of his party the
credit of carrying the election of
Garfield and Arthur.
The Republicans have organized 1
the whole civil service on a basis of j
a fair return of wages for the bene- (
fit of the party in exchange for the'
privilege of holding office; and it
was anxiety to learn how this sys
tern was working that induced Gar-1
field to. ask Hubbell how the de-!
nartnients were doing. IJut money
come nam. nuooeii nas louno
himself worried and hampered by
the unwillingness of the contribu
tors and by the show of persistency
among the prof?
of the civil service.
ing horde of Soul hern strikers have ;
opened up. a new field of expendi
ture which has totally disarranged j
the former (list; ioution ot tne cam
After a survey of such a state of
things the members of Congress
have decided to raise their own ex-
(I11U ft JJLf A 1 'f LLMM twrnf4 uuu iimmiur
clusive'-campaign fund, and to;take
it, - iimj th(3 -National? Treasury,
What could be more simple or more
easy, than to .vote that fifteen mil
lions of dollars shall be scattered
throughout "their: districts in the
shapoof appropriations to "improve
the petty? water courses or inlets of
the various neighborhoods f With
this universal inspiration, the main
body of Congress, Democrats and
Republicans alike, f rushed 3 to ' the
doors of the Treasury, and,', as by
general agreement, all retnrueil
with their allotted share of-Vplun-der.
a :MitMJtf "-Kp- .
v' Such is the m-odftralitv and de-
iinpraJizatiori of i the ;i present" Con-.
pcjjfspof the mass of taxpayersv'for
the lwnefit of the great corporations
and ; nionofHjlizing r manufacturers,
and for the use bf sucli leadeis of
the Eepublicari banditti as Secpr
Robeson. With 'such men and with
such influences-as are now in con
trol of the country, there cannot be
any healthy and true reform. -
The Itepiibl iciin ' pa rt v innst' be
Washington, D. C July IT, '82, i
To-day being .the,, third Monday
of the month, , the . session of the
House of Representatives will be
devoted to action, . tosuspeud the
rules for the passage of bills or the
adoption of resolutions presented
under instructions from the sever
al -committees, each committee in its
turn being eutitleii "to suomit one
such motion. The call -now rests
with the 'committee -orf; Naval af-
ifairs,. but - chairman -i-Harris Rays
that he has nothing to" submit to
day and the -call -wiU -proceed in the
following order: - -"'
' Post-Office's ! arid Post ' Rbads
Chairmari Bingham has ' been au
thorized to offer for passage in this
manner three bills, viz: to increase
t he pay of letter carriers to reduce
the fees of money orders and to re
duce t he rate of letter ' postage to
two cents. The first - named will
probably be offered under the : call,
and be followed with efforts to ob
tain unanimsns consent for
ing up the others.
On Tuesday the Republican ma
jority expect to call up the South
Carolina-contested election! 'case of
Small vs. Tillman, and to followiit
up with the Alabam a case of Smith
,WEw4elley.li ThecOnsideratiiK &i
these cases, witii occasional inter-;
ruptions to admit of action on
conferaiice reports, or : Senate
amendments to appropriation bills,
will probably occupy the remainder
of the week, except in the contin
gency of a failure of the Republicans
to secure the attendance-of ""a quo
rum of their own number, in which
event the lime will be utilized by
proceeding to miscellaneous: busi
ness on the Speaker's table and on
the House calendar.
Of the fourteen regular annual
appropriation bills, eight have be
come law, viz: Fortification, Post
office, Consular and Diplomatic,
Indian, Military Academy, Agri
cultural, Army and District of
JThe Legislature, Executive arid
Judicial appropriation bill has been
placed in. the 'hands of a-second
conference committee -which, will
meet on Tuesday. The General
Deficiency bill is also in conference.
All the Senate amendments to the
River and Harbor bill have been
non-concurred in , by the House ;
and will this , week be : subjects of
controversy in a committee of con
ference. The conferees on the part
of the Senate are Messrs. McMillan,:
Jones of Nevada, and Ransom.
The House conferees have not yet
The pension bill has now passed
the Senate, bat will be returned to
the House to-day for the action on
sundry Senate amendments. The
points of difference are not impor-'
tant, however, and will be readily
adjusted. The naval appropriation
bill awaits action in the Semite, arid
the sundry civil (or omnibus) ap
propriation bill is now ii.the hands
of Senators Allison, Hale and
Desk as a sub committee on ap
propriations, who expect to leport
it back with numerous amendments
during the next few days.
The pension appropriation bill as
it passed the Senate makes no
change iu the amount appropria
ted by the House, which remains
at 100,000,000. No amendments
except those recommended by the
Senate committee on appropria
tions were adopted. These amend !
ninnfo -( 11 H,Ari,fl-un..II.inh.- tA ,.,.,1-1,
examinations of pensioners and apf nm- 'fTr untllphe l!fd
plicants, and boards 5f surgeons t !" 1;?ij0- ie Reorder
consist of three members each, at!,'.:,s been .through various hands
such points in each State as neces I sl"ce an.(l Ks "W Hnder the -veJy
subject to the revision of a spec fa l
board of three surgeons, to be p
pointed when the exigencies of the
service recpiire it.
! The House Committee on
Railroads yesterday dei
postpone until December
consideration of tlie bill to
i improving the navigation
1 Mississippi River by constructing
! a j- me j . j 1 -a T"
seJ reformers :1 "-vee iiom iuempnis to tne ra
Besides .a lis-1 zo River in Mississippi, audio au
thorize the Memphis ami New Or
leans Railroad Company to build
its road upon the levee.
' friends of a report in circulation that
' Alfred Ceorge King & Co., tim- j l!ie Pbyterian Clergy are deprived of
, , . a' T.i. i the privilege of preaching in the Baptist
ber merchants ot Loudon, bae j njet,ting House, and that I am the prin
tailed. Their liabilities are Xi0,- cipal cause, I feel it a duty I owe the
000. ; Church to which I am attached to con
Bits of -the History of New
'When giving aft account of the
I celebration oT the 4th pf July, 1821,
in this town,! the' following Hymn
escjvpe me. Itr .waa written for.
the (weasuHi and sung' in r tlie Bap-l'
tist; Church after ; tlie delivery :of (
the oration. b- Mr. Johnll. Bryan..
"From the oratioii- I make .further
quotations as particularly appro-
priate to this time' "and Which niay.
be of benefit t those coming "after
us as Wet asf t(' ourselves : -Wi: ? '
To thee, Mot High, we humbly bow,' j
iCdafem tJMM.Lord and Gndof-nH- '
We' strike on earth our humble lyres,"
is; And land thee iod of Truth and LoVe.'
The people thou delight 'st to blea, i i ,
, May they thy steadfast goodness prove,
'Stabiish us rinii in righteousness, .
'. And fit us for thy courts above. ' U
- - . . . . -I v- !
Give to our sires that precious boon j L
' Freedom, a spark ot heavenly birth i
Let its heart cheering rays illunje' j, i
The farthest regions pf the earth..
The independence of our land "t s
For this a nation s $ong we raine ,--.
Our sous shall nil the patriot band. . ,
- Aud emulate their fathers' layKi . ;
Toburetercai FatherfCSfod ' '
Be all the praise and glory gi v V '
By all who march in virtue 8 road, 1 '
And all our friends enthroned in
. heav'n. -- .. i -..-, J-,-.?'iiV,-' .
To quote.again from MrL Bryan :
Shall European slave lay land and
sea,, genius and taste, under contribu
tion to celebrate the birth-day of some
cold and selfish tyrant? and shall we
rise no trophy of- feeling to the day of
our emancipation to the day that made
us men." Alas: -there ho wljrf barren
hearts avpwl there are men who vain
ly think that they manifest. firmness
and strength of mind by refusing' any
extraordinary homage to this,-National
jubilee. .But, fellow soldiers, we envy
not these men their feelings ;s let us
leave them to triumph in that dreary
desolation of heart which is congenial
to such sentiments. '
And again' . ;
Let us turn, fellow soldiers, from the
bloody ordeal of the Revolution, and
contemplate with gratitude the blessings
which- it has secured to. us. :; We are,
naturally more alive to the value of any
good by being deprived of it than by .its
enjoyment, and therefore we who have
always lived under a free constitution
are the less sensible of its inestimable
benefits. . Here, religion, life, liberty
and property are secured by the im
pregnable barriers of the constitution;
the persecuted exile of every. land here
finds an asylum -upon the rock of our;
constitution he may stand, and say. to
the floods of -oppression: "Here shall
thy proud wavieywiirlf wec6n
trast our situation with the mpst favored
nationlof Europe, we shall find abun
dant cause for joy and felicitation." .
: What harp but her own can 'sing the
woes of ' Erin? Not : content '- with de
vouring.witir the greediness of a glutton
the abundant produce of her - happy
clime, the stranger interferes, between
her conscience - and ' her God, and pre
scribes what service shall be rendered
unto Him who searcheth all hearts.
Oh Erin ! with thee are our sympathies,
and unto thee shall our arms ever be .
wide extended. !
The Baptist Church-here alluded
to is not the Churclr on Middle
street that was opened for Divine
service for the first time "on Sunday
July 2d, 1848; Rev. M. II. Forey,
tne pastor, preacned the dedicatory
sermon. I refer to the - Church
jiear Cedar Grove Cemetery, now
St. Cypreaus; colored. - This Bap
tist Church was established in
Newbern about ; 1812, "by; Elijah
Clark and John Brinson and the
'Meeting House," as it pleased
them to call it, was soou -after
erected, through their liberality
and efforts men of rugged minds,
yet of unquestioned honesty and of.
unyielding faith. Brinsbn's father
had been iinj)iisoned with.Fulsbife
and Purify for "holding to the
Baptist faith," the King's officer
thus choose to spell it in the indict
ment. They were held in the jail
of Craven comity for three months
and were yet stronger in theirTaitli
wnen tne, prison doors were un-
locRed ' than when . locked upOn
them. -In this old MeetihgHpuse
for' long years the t g0el: Was
preached with unusual "eloquence,
clearness and power.0'; iThe first
regular pastor was Thoriias Mer
edith, a great preacher an,d greater
editor, and an unsurpassed contro
versialist. Next was Joseph Waru,
then Samuel Wait and John Arm
strong; Meredith again, then Jpsiali
J. Finch, Richard Fnrmari and M.
R. Forey, in the order in which
they are named. Mr. Meredith
commenced the publication of tlie
Baptist Interpreter in Edenton in
1832. A year or two afterwards it
was changed to the Biblical Re
corder. In 1835 lie published it in
Newbern, preaching at the same
time, and until 1838 when he re-
"IWVOtl 1 MHiriKU W C 1K3 VUW
christian gentleman ami scholar,
Rev. C. T. Baity. This paper, as
well as the old Baptist Church iu
Newbern, has leen of incalculable
benefit to the Baptist cause in North
Carolina. The following card from
Mr. Clark requires no explanation.
The Presbyterian Church was not
then finished as we will presently
show. The Baptists were liberal
with their church and we find, at
the date the card was written it
being used on every occasion by
other denominations and by our
Being again informed by respectable
tradict it in the most distinct terms. ! It
is twe no other than our own Minister
K a nrAaiho inuir 1 ant IrttT Tlr.11 ail tnw
some tlpae past but it is because others
have not asked the privilege. This is
intended, however, barely to contradict
a report known by the members of the
Presbyterian Church not to be true; and
to ' remove any improper impression', it
may have !efton the minds of othefs,
ana those - perhaps who may have been
the most liberal towards us. . Our Meet
ing House,' when not in the immediate
nse of our own Minister,' has been at all
times iopen (onproper application being
made) to the Clergy of every Christian
sect; and in this instance, on either the
morning 'or evening, of each Sabbath,
our --own Minister has been willing ito
ffivA nlsu.A tA ann.hr .i ' J i -'
give place to another. --: s
newuere, a aujf., oun, 04 ft,..
T T . rti.L 10a.
s4 Onr t fathers of the Baptist per
i suasion did not like to call the
place Aof worship church, o They
were not ; then i' far ; enough away
from the -,i established i' church pf
xugiauu aim tne revolutionary war
arid the punishment of the elder
Piiinonri rv VkAAAmA IhAnnnoilAl i
The corner stone "of the Presbyte-
rian Church was laid, the 0th day
of June, 1819, the ltev.vLNicholson
CampoeU officiated in the religions
r 4i,.- wwas rru5 r .1
services of the ticCaSion The fql-
lowingnotlCfl will give the time pi
Us 'lediction-l.' -l . f t
K The people are respectfully informad
that the Presbyterian Church will be
opened for religious worship on the
ueAi,, uay, zviu January. ioa.
The - exercises : will commence . at the
usual hour, and the Sacrament of the
fjord s suppec will be administered
during service in the morninir. : . .:'-'-
No ippropriation of. the peV. having
yet been made, the whole will continue
nn fnr,w:n M. on,- i. 1
vfvas sv u vv ,aw ., VU saaCDt
next the door, arcintended to be here
after, i-eserved expressly for the accom
modation of strangers and visitors from
sister congregation, nd are designated
for the purpose by a suitable inscription
on each door. .' . -. ' .
Newbern, Jan. 19th, 1822.-'
i .Th lhv I. Ti ' Tlafo.1i ' iiraarliul
the deilicatory sermon. . The iews
The pews in the "Presbyterian Church j
wui do pupnciy onerea xor sale or rent
... - . . t ' .
on whhut, i,ne otn instani, at o ciocs,
n.m.' on thfiremijui-
Notes wjth approved security, payable
in installments at six, twelve and eigh
teen months,- will' be required In pay
ment for the fee simple and similar at
twelve months for the rent. ; ; .'
By order of the Board, - .
. . . 8. M.: Chester, See'. '
. Saturday, January 26th, 1823. ,-, , j -j
Dr. ' Samuels WaitTis -, known
throughout North Carolina by' Lin
pupils : as the ? lovetl and honored
President pf Wake Forest CPllege,
and it so happened, that thet oWLms rr
Baptist mteUneH fdr-
nished another distinguished officer
of that -In stitute,"as thesuloined
paper -will -show. Mr.- Armstrong
wim att uie umw u. .van writien pas
tor of the lfewbernjclmrcbi,-;'.f'''
. - i. ii.. ii .. : a. j
. WAKB FOHEOT INSTITUTE. - ; f
The following is the general outline
of the plan of the Institution," adopted
at the late sitting of the. Board of -Managers:
,.f,i, :,-.?. v-?
1. The name of the institution is the
"Wake Forest Institute1 , : ,
2. The object ef the Institute is to en
able young Ministers to obtain ah edu
cation on moderate- terms, and to train
up youth in general to the knowledge
and science of practical agriculture. .
8.- Everv Dunil shall labor three hours
. - , . -
uo vvunvi v eju7 tuipwi KKMiici nuv
is to be a Minister of the Gospel. . - -1 ; '
4. The total expenses of the Academic
year shall not exceed $60, of 'which (23
are to be paid in advance, and an allow
ance shall be. made to each student ac
cording to the value of his labor. -. ' ;
. 5. No pupil shall be admitted under
twelve years of age. . v r - s -.-!.:-
6. Every pupil shall furnish himself
with an axe and a hoe, a pair of sheets
and a pair of towels. '
7. There shall be one vacation in the
year, from the middle of December to
the 1st of February. - " . ;
- 8. This Institute shall be open to the
reception of - all youth of good - moral
character, 'who -will comply "with the
-' Arrangements are
i 'now making to
i objects of the la-
carry into effect the
stitute by the 1st of February
All persons who wish to enter the In
stitute are requested to r make applica
tion by the 15th December to the Rev. J.
Q.Hall of Raleigh (postpaid). ' .
The Board of Managers have limited
the number of students to fifty for the
first year. ,"' . . .'. ,V ,.. . ,, : . .-,.. -"i ,
All editors of the State friendly to the
Institute are requested to give the above
an insertion in their papers. ii :,; '. .
John Armstrong, Cor. Seo.
The Bev. Josiah J. -Ffnch, -so
long" the- pastor of the Baptist
Church here, was educated at this
College, or he was there for awhile
and from a plain country boy . by
industry and iverseverance soon be-
cnmA liaf in oil 'shod in liia lmrnh
ivaaa lav aw mm m m a . mmmw - 'm m
as a minister.
What our boys would 4 think now
of starting oft to school with a Itoe
and axe, tpey must state, yet pupils
from this place went there armed
with such instruments, though they
as all others disliked the work and
it soon had to be abandoned.
I am aware I have jnst .touched
non the history of the churches
named, thoucrh I may have triven
some inforrHation unknown to their
ohW members now Hringd I
trust it will jirove of interest to all
Oft hem. D.
The Fall river Xetc says: uSev-
era! of our friends iu this city have
had Iheir sense nf hearing dimin -
ished in one ear by imnstant use of
the telephone. 1'erHons who use
.. . . ' . .
this instriunent to the same ear
every time, and the consequence is
the organ is overworked and slowly
approaching deafness in that ear is
sure to loiiow. atverai parties iu
this city who are affected by it
have applied to au eminent aurist
iu lioston, who reorts the cause to
lie as above described. He recom
mends that jiersons who use the
telephone apply the instrument al
ternately to their right and left
cold-hloo!ed men in t
maxim U.at. '
tod.' - . - '-' --." !
' tYearn ago tle coarltrnnn of -V,".
(Jrsr, an eminent IloM( -i t- '
irave up driving ttoraoa f.ir u
Mr.' Urny loaded ltlm.fl, ! r
being ahrewd, the IV-liow -1 , ' a
money: Moving to New i ,'
came a tri'kfr. nnd cf t l t, v
'Ou' dny he Wft nt a 1'
where a rirh jJantcr ft-. i.t 1.
a guoM. l"1i von.vfifiU.' -t t
methods. of invfftiiijr JH'ux v.
coachiiuin i:nv his vi-w 1. ! 1
.'If I hud IS.OiK), 1 1 -iw. I .
J0JPtTrwrXa..way-. 1? ftt v ' !
me double the sum hmli f a .
"What security 'will j'Jm y,.
I lend you that urn;'"' 1, L
planter, . - . t
- irvM 4. ai f . ,'
ane wonroi au nonpt i ui,.. i
I You shall
nave tue. iinrv
security, to-morrow SJ
'J " Tlo- layl na '..?.,. .1 , t
montlw the five i.'iou-.ii. 1 J :
nprouMy .lonned hini bv V -
Ptrr. and rcturnl it. i-
came a icadtu? bank, r in . f .
xhe Amie la l!l4J ,f ... ...
become so ernhnrra-med t . t
pending rorecW.re of, ft
threatened to sweep away I
' In this emer-ncy he ih- '
rman ne nad once Dein in
lted lus onnkinoom, re
to tlie hankcr'a mrmoi v,.
CuiuBtauces' and a.l.U-4,
. w m ..a
vot, Y? iXnnT,. n !
UQ.h. 11 L. if .
I ' hall loae my whole r'
-i neen anout ine kihd j Yn-
What security can Vi -r w
akod the holder at t . .
The word ot'ati hnet n; ri.' i
the fieorian. ..
That will not pn In .'Wall J
Was tlio Im artles reply, and he
The planter lo-anie a l
But mark Ue wr,ti,.i
ncssA. mlllionnire. - r
made him .ru h, but it I ' 1
him a m m. One d.iy A ,
- ...ni. , . ,
mm. - . lie lancied . I.e v
poor, and that Ids destiny
I the almshous-
the almshouse And ui.,
filled his brain he commin
. "Though tlie miiia of Gl j t ... 1
. ' ' y they grind exc4f .
Though with patiiic wo i l
ting, with exactness i.
Youth i)tnpani(m, '
j'.'lTh.ow'Up v.tf v
t.;iienll'm t wilt j
th:h1iuiid' Sm-h U l'n- j
in which u SliHHiniii ! a i i '
.Z.HLa, .he Ti.Vi.r
m ft tr (,
i r- -
prmuptly throw up their I
a ninrtnur, no mutter how
crbli tluie may le in U.e r
Crl.allr paralyzel in t!.
iu kuwu to throw up t!
this ummi)i with km
surprising themstlvi'S aud
else. ;..,:,: -,.,'"..;'- .:. ." . . -."Threw
up my hand!" asi.l a
yho Was ' irLitlng an exx-i;. ; . .
train robber tluit he hal Ihh u t.
"I luid lO.000 hi a belt" orocv
IkkIv. ad that I had made In
1 ' i - "
of mining life in California, unj m:
heard command and reaU.l 1, w t. -
Ice ill.". 1
only 'threw up 'my "hands," I t
tliooght of losing my moury ii...
so sick that I nearly .threw
booUJ" .'. -:..-...;
" 'Tlie situation AWsit ntin'.t a
moment's, heallatlouaod. -ifry ) i
know It. - A movement In t'.f : m
of a weapon would not eeo-c i. '
eye of the robber,--and it wo , Kl l i i .i
immediate signal for a si. t. : ; . ..vo
men think and brAiarts lorv.t ffv' .t
they would do under such rlrcuni... u
but when suddenly confronU-d by acock twl
revolver and tlie stern command t' nt
signltlei surreri'dcj'rthe hsn.U arc - wry
apt to fro up", though the situation be a
hutmllanog eiie, . ,Nicn attaCK' lire & n
ml!y made at nhrht,-while inftcf !
passengers are asleepahd off fu.!, J ;
then there Is tlie aacrUiutv m lUa "
iraiKf. . . Jeaaa .JimM unc iw.iJ I'm
irauir.. -Jesse James voce ,. w,,j v:.
bravest man he ever knew he. mount
end In an attempt to mn a "pn.
train:: The follow stood on i'., :
of a ear and -coolly exchanH i
eight shots wltW tlie 'jranjf. At'
his bravery, Jesse shouted lo L
cease flrtn and they wouldn't i.
the car. .I'll bet yoa won't, ca'
"While Im be re' ;Tlieollr m;
sata ne wouia nave pi van ,utM to t tv
tuvd that man become a member 'aZ l.t
Hut he did not consider t' -t a
rnan bravo a a lion on tli iW.i 61 1 '.t.
might prove the veriest oowWd i.. l
yancing the ? standard oC vkUnn
nd , , wrong.-CIncuinatl ; rUur.Uy
lNi2ht. ' ' ' ' -
mm i -
An I2lertlnerln2 trltk. -
No 'Heathen Chinee' ever- excclln.1
unprincipled politicians in tricks' (' it -'
are vain, and ways that are dark. 'A t .
in a horse-trade theyxonaldttr success a J
duty,' and all means 'lawful , which in i
sore victory. - One -of the most - ratnatk-
able of electioneering trkka"wa ,rrAc-
ileed years ago in Indiana. , - -
A yPunglawjerwsii a raudidate rr
ruteJeUislUire. Une wn-k ta. r
" ii Mm -..lUMnir t.nt i n '
!,,.,r .ll.t UiaLvn hla frifndttOKtu l.t-r
his case hopeless. ' ;. .- ... rr
The distritt contained a majority e
voters who were strong 'temrttunca
1 men. tJroirlrtis sail frrocert Who iou.
'.-'iT1 Uw'rr ?' :,
cum, ami a strong man, physua.ly.
)M moming, belbra thi iUrUonf t
i, atenned into a litninr-seinn rrocerv.
smashed the hollies, took tlie func cut !
of the whisky-cask, and threw t-.:
cer out nt the. door. . i ) .
The news spread like. a. praric. C ra.
All . tlie damaging report r n 1c,
sigh oC and ; the tricky -rnn.r - u
elected by a lantc ' maoritv. .
of the ; vote! a knew tht I , ? J
tle jrrocer liberally for I t -
his stock iu trade', and U- l i .... , ,
underslnod it was an elecUoatc:
trick. . "