On I orb mi rrk...
" , rm nionlb...M..
' Vt tbrt nioniho
p.n!rtr rolum fnf wk
'. i r i Va " ; mot "..-.-
i ?mm yi"ftrM.H..f"
Halt column ea m-rrk.. ..
. 1 inoatfc.......--..;
Editors and Proprietors.
W. IliRPEH, t
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS.
M tut ,- . , , ,
. er womb-..-
,. t ow rrr-. ....
NEW BERNE, N. C AUGUST 18X2.
ncn.Nll JOTHMAL, ! tit UrW -r l.l '
!trv(, Nrw Bw. Norili f)r ..
. f H rtui B.AMks ilw r- i-i hunt
X'ttf BERNE ADYERTISEJTEN3T.
Mar. S0,8mw 3 -v '"y
B. M.- Oatks.
v' . ! v .- -
'J. VAYTIJ JAS"& Co.
WHOLESALE DEALERS IS
. 1 V 3 Solicit Ctmsignments. v. .,.
r:.,' Newbern, "Ni. C.
DEALERS IN :.
DRUGS, SEEDS and GUANOS,
'ST .TruckervB Supplies SpeciaUvJ
.Nw Berne N. f!.
GROOEEIES &DRYi GOODS
j Z BOOTS; SHOES, HATS,"
r -1 Cies, 1 wine. Jai t Oil Cau
: . - . .' ; -vom, and. Oukuiin. -A -Tl :
LO l I M-A tc I u ff '
? : - v Ts jf ; ".- : M.I
.t a lakfu 1'or v? :. iif ;-'J -1
Foot of llkiklle street.
."N E W BKKNFV Ni C.
H.tr. 3u, I i'iwT'
HORSES inJLES;: PONIES,
ms, Phaetons, Buggies,
(JbOI) YOlING STOCK
' '; . always oil band, and tor tale f. '
LOW FOE OLI-I.
i'AM. HAHN, ; -
.' , , , Middle Street,
- J' Opposite Episcopal Church and' Odd
Fellows Hall. ? . . Junel5w-6ni
"- : . . . - j . . .... ,
, MARKET. VW ARF, Kt-W BEKIS E. N. .
2 ; Ci'-' J '. f r
- - AIo kwp on feud full line of
ICOP.ES. ANlfT?INES, , .
SPIKES, NA1 IJS,- CANVASS,
. -y '-V.i.C- WALt '1?H " "'''' '
PAINTS OILS and BEUSIIES .
lias been in the business for "the
f IiI . L I S T OCR
1 14 ,-ffi
. Comer of Hi naiJ
and MtddU- Strtvts:; ' s ; " -
Mir. S W:S
1 SKi. W- J Oli V, " I8S2
. ' f k
iJI persons taxed ,'nnder the law of
Sclti tile (Bj are - hereby notified to
come forward from the
ljt t the lOth ?lay ot Juiv in.
". ' ' ' VlllSlV,
and list the tame of all purchases and
receipts for six months from the 1st of
January to the 1st of July, as required
by law, or a double tax will be enforced
wich'the penalty.' ' ilemf Revenue act.
yl: ;; ; jos. nelson,
: fe'Vli-'f-, Register 'Deeds,
f julyWlta-1 -rCraTenCo:, N. C.
,Horth Carolina FoUticr.
- C. .'
OURSELVES AS OTflTRUM SEE T
-"NVe mve lt'low h Ion it
fronrthe Clucao Ti ims on the
litical parties of this State. While
tb VitMV-? set forth sue iut iilwnys
corttH'-t, in the 'main they give :i
pretry lair picture ot itolities as 1
seen from the outside:
BALEiGn, N. C, July 11.
ial.-JTbo .0011 test in this state is
exciting ai'.great neat. .of attention,
not only within its Itorders-bnt in
the snrroundiiif; States anl far Ie
yond. Xo State in the union prolv
ably enjoys jwlitics more than the
Ieople of the obi North State. A
North Carolinian can discuss pol i t
ical issnes, it matters not whet'ber
national, 5 State, . or county, witli
more satisfaction - than any other
man in the country. Here thejieo
ple, as a rule, are never too busy. to
discuss the political situation with
a stranger. Under these ciren in
stances it is easy to see that it is
not a difficult thing to get up au ex
citing contest iu North Carolina.
Ever since 1873 the democrats
have been iu control of the govern
ment, and since that time no deter
mined warfare has been waged be
tween the two contending parties.
The republican leaders, as rale,
were ami ace federal oniceholder.
Theitgreatest concern was to- keep
fcheir places, and in the contests re
carriug since the election ot Sena
tor Vance as governor hi 1875, they
have ouly kept up a show of light
ing in oitler to retain their plaees.'.
The liberal s'eyclone which struck'
Virginia last year was hot slow in
reaching the, tar-heel State. When
it first uiade'lts appearance here
niany. of the old republican leaders
looked upon it with' disfavor, and
not a tew openly declared that they
would not light under its banner.
The word, however, passed along
the lines that -
THE NEW MOVEMENT.
met the liearty approval of Presi
dent Arthur and the cabinet, and
that those who threw obstacles in
the way of its success would have
nothing to hope for from the gov
ern ment.iv.Th is had its effect. With
the largest revenue service of anv
State in the country, with the ex
ception of twd or three, this is not
to be" wondei'ed of. These revenue
officers readily control the inaehiu
eryr the - party. The managers,
nearly , all, are employed iu this
branch of the government service.
When it was made known t o the
moat influential of these that the
president desired the liberal move
ment to thrive and flourish in North
Carolina', the work was soon ac-
complishedr ltr-?was through the
aid of these thaty; the ant i-prohibition
convention which assembled
here June 7, was controlled, and by
the f ame methods that the republi
can convention which assembled on
the 14th of June declared in fa vor
of an alliance with the independent
democrats. The coalitionists and
the Bonrbons have pnt t heir tick
ets in the field, and the work of the
campaign basset in in good earnest.
Doth parties haver put up excellent
men tor their nominees. MrvO. H.
iockery, the choice of the republi
cans for congressman at large, is a
man of decided ability aud a great
deal-of personal magnetism. His
name is familiar to the voters of the
State from the mountains to the
seacoast, and wherever known he
is popular. Dockery was an old
ine whig, and, in the palmy days
ot that party, was a tower of
strength. As a stump orator he
has no superior in this state. He
is about 55 years old. Judge T. 11.
ieimett, of Anson county, the
choice of thejdemocratic conven-
tion for congressman-at-large, is a
gentleman of considerable popular
ity, and is the equal of his opio-
nent - in every resitect. Put it is
doubtful whether he can carry a
crowd with him like Dockery. For
the past six years Bennett has
served as superior court judge in
his district. After his nominat ion
hj resigned that wsition, with the.
comfortable salary of $2,500 per
year, to enter the race for congress.
He is qmto iio pular, and can con
trol the full st rength of his party.
Judge!WN. Fowlk, of Caldwell,
NOMINEE FOB SUPREME -V6VRT
has always f been a democrat, and
has done that party good service in
clays- gone by. He is about 55
years of age, a good stump speak
er, and, as he is quite popular iu
the western part ot the state, the
coalitionists expect to secure large
accessions from the democratic
ranks in that section. Mr. FoulkesT
democratic - oimonent is Judge
Tliomas Iiumn.-ot Orange, who!
now holds a iosition on the su- j
nems ImmicIi of the State. He;
stands high m his profession, and
has a large itcrsonal following. As
it is not .'customary in this State for
;and (dates for pidicial position to
take t he stump, these gentlemen
iu not meet imliscussion. If they
did, however, Judge Uiinin could
hardly accuse his opponent of hav
ing left llii democratic party to
seenre political advancement. In
1871 Judge Puffin was an indepciid
ent candidate for the superior court
judgeship in opposition to the late
Hon. John Kerr. Although sup
ported in that contest by the great
bulk of colored andwbite republi
cans, he was defeated; so the pot
cau hardly call the kettle black in
The most important issue in this
contest is the repeal of the present
"iiiity govei'umet system. The
liher.ils claim that the resent sys
tem,. by which the magistrates arc
! chosen by the legislature, and
j through them the county commis-
.viouers and other local officers are
selected, was adopted by the dem
ocrats to prevent the negroes in
t lie eastern part of the State from
controlling the affairs of the coun
ties in that section. This isadmit-
I ted on all sides. The republicans
I :userf thai while declaring against
: Mini ilonnnniMiin' wiifrcili7.!it.mn at'
M)wev; in national politics, the
ilejnbcrats in this State have foisted
upon the jeople a system by which
all of their county officials ar
chosen for them by a caucus or the
different democratic, political com
mittees of the counties. The dem
ocrats admit this, but say tlfle end
aimed at justified the means adopt
ed. -Should the negroes, iu the
counties where they are in the ma
jority, be allowed to choose their
own offices they would bankrupt
them. As an instance of this, the
democrats point to the years during
which the old time carpet baggers
;kiuhiated in North Carolina poli
tics when county expenses were
100 per cent. move, than they have
been under democratic administra
tion. The western part of the
State, where there are no negroes,
demands the-repeal of
and the eastern counties loudly in
sist that no change shall be made
and that the negroes shall not. be
allowed to take any part in man
aging county affairs. It. is certain
ly a very reasonable position. The
negroes iu the eastern part of t lie
State are wholly incapable of tilling
such positions of trust The pro
hibition issue can hardly be called
a live one, though the liberals rely
on dissensions among the demo
crats, growing out of the liquor
question, to give them many voters.
It is probable that in the western
counties, where distilling is carried
on to a very great extent, it will
benefit the new party.
Judge Russell, of New Hanover,
one of the most prominent republi
cans in the State, a few days ago.
iu speaking of the prospects of thej
success of the new. movement,. said: i
"At the last election Cov. Jarvisj
was elected by the - democrats by
about 0,000 majority. I do not
think, however, that, thev milled all !
of their ;t length in flint confe.;. bv I
v good deal. J think that ihev
cau do much belter than thev did
"What do vou think, iurbre. ot
the prospects of your party iu the
approaching canvass V
"Why,'' said he, "we have a good
prospect of winning."
; "Do you expect," asked the wri
ter, "to be able to do as" well as
Mahone has done in Virginia V
"If we had such issues," said he,
"as Mahone had in that Slate, the
Liberals could sweep North Caro
lina, by an immense majority."
As to the question of the repeal
of the county government system,
which they Kepuhlicamt rely onto
carry. the State, Judge, liussell did
not seem to think that.it was a live
or far-reaching one. Hut he ex
pressed the belief that there were
any number of young Democrats
who have grown tired of following
their party leaders year in ami year
out without ever being recognized.
These, he thought, were manifest
ing a disposition to cut loose from
old party moorings and join their
fortunes with the new movement.
It is very likely that, the Liberals
will gain large accessions to their
ranks from this -Iass.
THE OLD RACE ISSUE
to some extent, dviuir out. The
thousands of young men who Jiave
grown up since the war, and who
have been kept in party traces by
this cry, see that so long as it is
continued, so long will thev be
wood in politics. The
whoop no the vouns-
bloods, and then gobble up all the
offices. The young men are in-ginning
to see this. While thev' do
not love the. negro very much lief tcr i
than in other days, they manH'esf :.
greater readiness to swallow I he,'
darky for their own political ad-i
vaiiceuieut. The young North Caro-j
lina politicians have for years stood j
by quietly and allowed, the carpet j
baggers to utilize that element, for j
their advancement, when t hev could
as readily have made stepping-'
stones of t hem for the. improvement I
of their own fortunes. The change!
has been slow, but i! has nevertlie- j
less been certain. It is not natural ,
that the young. Southerners willj
stand by longer and see others i
make cat's-paws'of the : blacks. It
is already manifest that in this.
State, as is the case in Virginia, '
tiie rising generation of statesmen
begin to appreciate the value of the
colored man as a voter. It, is fi-oni
this enterprising class thai the
liberals expect to get a'jrreat deal
ol assistance this year. Tin cam
paign promises to be die bitterest
known in the State siuce the las.j
of Kukluxism. . The. Dcmocra'ts.i
know full well that il they aredc--j
lea ted this year it will be nei t I
impossible to get into power again.!
Their lenders will endeavor !odi;i j
t he color line upon evei stump iui
the State. The whiie man will W;
called upon to rally again It. jre- ;
vent negroes from coining iul t
power. This cry will not fail to j
rally the whites, except (ha! cla.s.!
already relened to.
It has liccu decided not f i r-l.i.e-v.c
Lieiit.-Col Lazelle as Comm.4ijlant
at the West Point Military Acad
Ze in ti,":i is Keeling f I ler 0:i t
W'r'tiHii fur (Iih Cultivator and li" Faun.' .
Six months ago our people didn't
see how they would get through
the winter. Everybody was gloomy
especially the merchants and the
farmers, for they are mighty close
kin in business, and what hints
one hurts the other. I'm a hope
ful sort of a sinner myself, but 1
had the blues, for it looked like the
country was broke andcouldent be
mended- I dident apprehend any
starvation at all, but it looked likr
the farmers who had been on
strain for a vear or so would iusf
collapse and have to sell their stock'1
and hire out as laborers. Hut they
dident. 1 don't know one who
give up the ships. Somehow "or
somehow else, they worried along
and kept pegging away, and they
sowed more wheat and more o.its
than they ever did before, and
they just reaped an abundant, har
vests, and everybody is calm and
serene. This shows how foolish it
is to borrow trouble and mope
around with the blues; and it.
shows another. thing the wonder
ful resources of a county where
Providence smiles on the farming
class. We thought we never
eonhl rise. but of the wreck of
war, but we did and did it quick.
There wasent but One cow in my
country when Shermau left there,
and 1 give $:,(oo in Con fed money
and a suspeded debt of 500 on a.
good man for her for Mrs. Arp had
a baby at the. bi-east and human
milk was scace, and I would have
give any thing" I had to' give for a
-ow, but in three years there were
t housands of em, and where they
come from I never did' know. Oiie
thing is certain, the hard times
last winter come from too much
cotton, and the farmers saw
it plainer than they ever did before
and they are changing base, and
if we have good season . there will
be more corn made this year than
in the last two years put together.
Such an oat crop was never heard
of as has just been harvested.
Cur county' reports 400 thousand
bushels. Five farms in Wilkes
have made fi5 thousand bushels.
All this is splendid and encourag
ing, and the only trouble is what
are we going tu do . with the
surplus. A few months ago oats
were selling for 00 cents a bushel,
but now , and vou cant, get a grain
in Atlanta to offer you the
hall' ot it. The marl.:i ( is glutted
now, and these farmerM owe' money
and want, to pay it, and. right now
they ha vent got anything else to
.sell. That ; the doublet wit h inc.
Liken fool I went, iu deb! and
have got to pay a. lit tie passel of
money by the first of July, and I
cant find anybody that will make
me a bid on my oats, and so I have,
got to shindig around uad bridge
over or do something: Mrs.- Arp
told me not to make that debt,
but 1 put on financial airs and
says 1 just look at Hie oats rust,
proof oats and Hun. oats, and white
Russian oats. Why, I'll have
enough to sell a t housnud bushels.
Jesso! .And now she knits away
and says every day or two whar.
does the papers say alum t the oat
market The paper! What is a
paper worth about ma ckets Why
the ('o)ixtitittio)), has had oats
quoted for three weeks at "75
cents and firm," and you cant get.
a dealer in that town to offer you
50. Its all well enough for a man
to strut around and feel his oats,
but if oats wont sell aud pay debts,
why the farmers will go to plant
ing cotton again.
a, m m
Bucket Shop. An
inent whose dealings ;u e not based
on any real transfer of stock, but
simply a difference of value.
Cover. To buy in order to
neutralize the result of selluig
C.M.I.. A -dock-privilege for
which a certain consadei a! ioi is
paid, whereby the lnyer of the
! " ',V!
ege may "can on i lie !Mier,
or a certain numPer oi me stock
named, within a certain lime and
al a. price agreed.
LoN'o. Anyone liobas stock
and holds il, either l hijs own
payments or lhroui;li his broker, is
said to be "long" of stock.
MAlfutN. A parta inent made
by the purchaser to protect flr.e tluc
t nation.-; i n the able of t be si t ck.
11 T . A siiH-k -pri ilege- for
which a consideration is pjid,
whereby Hit buyer of the privi
lege may deliver to the seller a
certain number of shares of 1 be
slock named, within a speeii icd
time ami al a price agreed.
Siiokt. To sell stocks without
owning them, with the expectation
of buying t hem in al a lowct
I or borrowing to make the
Sl'Ui:.M. A double privilege,
gi big the holder t he right to call
a certain stock at onti price, or tie
liver the same at rrnllnr juice
within a specili.-il t in ic.
Sti:aiuh,k..-- Differs irom a
"Spread" in that tlie privilege is- to
c:dl or deliver al ono ;ied price.
Wash. 1 :u. ii1;v.
"! he same slock at. the sann
in give a false, appearance
i i vii v.
fapii VcfOi'tat ion.
A H!-ye.ir-old cer:fui plant near
Salinas. 'al., is no'
Three w ccUs au I b
in inn iitoom.
plant was only
Il e or
high 111 i
top ir? a
nl it is twen
olid mi- ss of
A 1.ETTKK "UOM ALEXANDER OKA
HAM. Fayette vi lle, N. C.
July 12th, lssii.
! Mu. Editok: iieibre we say
word on this important subject.
Graded schools, we wish to say
! word to the arnest and progress
i ive teacher of N. C. at this time en
i gaged in private school work, in
those cities and towns where (ira
., tded schools are likely to Ik' est ab
We love private schmds,
Hid private, Sidiool teachers, and
we wish yoii to listen' to us with at
tention when we tell yon that "good
teaching" is the same thing all
over the world. If you are a good
inivate school teacher, you will
make a better graded school teach
er. If you are a successful mana
ger Of a large private institution of
a hundred or two hundred boys, or
girls, yon will make an excellent
Superintendent of a graded school
of four or five hundred boys and
girls. This system, then, is the
old system with the oau features ol
the old left ont and' should be no
bugbear to you. v A short visit to
any well ordered graded school
with your eyes and ears wide open
will make you master of the situa
tion. When your people begin to
agitate the question, do not opose
it but take hold of it and lead it. to
success. You grade your smaller
private schools and grade them
well, necessity compels you to grade
them and you always complain Ike
cause you cannot grade them let
ter. Where then, we ask, can you
base an argument that yon cannot
take hold and grade a school like
this we advocate, where every fa
cility is offered for careful grading,
to wit; teachers, books and build
ings and auy amount of children.
If vou' arc a live teacher this "sys
tem will please you, aid ami relieve
you, and my word-"' for it, if you
adopt it, before you will abandon it
and go back to your former method
you will abandon your calling. A
friend in New Berne asks "what is
the definition of a Graded School ?
(2) Does the modern method of
teaching have an absolute aud nec
essary connection with such a
school (.'.) What, studies are em
braced iu the several grades(L)
How long a time is given to each
grade before entering the next f (5.)
How many teachers and rooms
have you iu your school. (0.) Is your
school graded according to the
modern graded school and do you
adopt the modern melhodsof teach
ing ?(7) Are all graded schools
conducted alike? Our other cor
respondents at Washington, Mon
roe and Edenton ask the addition
al question (S.) How shall we get
the people to take hold and orga
nize, a. graded school? We will
answer some of these questions.
Our ordinary private or common
school, with one teacher, can very
aptly be compared to a carriage or
buggy-maker who does all his. wood
work himself and calls on a neigh
boring blacksmith and painter to
finish the job. He makes spokes a
little while, then hubs, felloes,
shafts, bodies, bores some, draws
some, sandpapers some, and so
on till he is ready to go to the
blacksmith and paiuter. The
teacher hears latin classes, then
grammar classes, then reading
classes, geography, history by va
rious authors, eight or nine differ
ent, arithmetics, with ever so many
alphabet pupils sandwitcbed iu at
odd moments, averaging from 2S to
L'JS recitations, from 15 minutes to
i.ii i-. i 41... c..... .......
j 1, lioili n irnuuh in uie iui ciiuuii
JV5 i" tbe afternoon. Mr. Editor
Ilia olnwu lO 'V CflWAil tkl liTi kOll.l ill lit
U KT 4
too many schools in N. (J. to day,
t aught by teachers who work hard
and give satisfaction to all con
cerned. We leave out a descrip
tion of the uneven benches without
backs, little children with their feet
hanging clear of the lloor and kept
iu just as long as the youth of twen
ty summers. Can any one wonder
that constant corporal punishment
was necessary to command even
ordinary attention ? An ordinary,
good graded f-.hool is like a large
carriage or buggy manufactory con
trolled ami superintended by a
Boss or Superintendent. Oneclass
make spokes, anot her felloes, anoth
er hubs, bodies, shafts, another
class iron this wood wink,
then a series of classes do
the painting and varnishing, un
til tin1 vehicle, starting from a
pile of hickory or oak wood, is
rolled into the Bepository, a thing
of beauty, ready to travel over the
world; si) iu an ordinary, well regu
lated graded school the raw mate
rial is the non-reading primary,
one teacher is devoted to these,
then 1st Headers 2d Headers .'id
Headers etc., then the (iraininar
Schools, then the High School, then
the department corresiondiiig to
the preparatory department in our
University, which gives a youth all
he wants for the usual avocations
of life or fits him to join the fresh
man class of our great State school
at Chapel Hill, where after pursu
ing the usual curriculum, he is
i turned out "a thing of beauty and
; joy forever.
reads to assume the-
t i inc. ; (pities of life. We think this deh
f :ic- nition will satisfy our New Berne
friend, w ho, we forgot to say, asked
j for a "jractical definition." These
! schools are intended to feed our
I colleges and I niversitv. Ihis sys
lem makes our educational ladder
comilete. That system of Grading
is adopted alter the cumulative ex
perience of many years and is
backed by millions of money.
Where you see six primary grades,
you may U connelled to ha .onr
three, and so on through the (Irani-1
maraud High Schools. We haH
nothing higher than a Ui immar
School grale, the first year, then
we added the High School, and
then, a ye:'!- ago, the Noiuial School
grade, i-orresmding to f lu- usual
sub freshman college .coiir.se. We
will have this ear, nine teachers,
l nun oi pom ,e nine room'. e
j adapt our .school to circumstance.-,
and adopt ns many of the modern
methods to conform to our notions
iof common sense, and reject all
others. This enables us to answer
lM)sitively question (7) in' the nega
tive, to wit , t hat all Graded Schools
are not conducted alike. W would
advise every teacher contemplating
Graded School work to visit'-the
Goldslioro ami Wilson Graded
Schools and to spend a day in each
grade. We regard Messrs. Moses
antl Tomlinson us two of the most
useful men iu the State of North
Carolina. .. ..
We mention these lieeause they
are. model schools and because one
is established on the basis of local
taxation and the other on the basis
of private snbscribtion. Our
school is founded on the - Wil
son plan. We are ready now to
'begiu our fifth year's Work with a
larger amount subscribed by the
people than ever before. The sub
scription plan is available now.
You can run a school this year on
this plan ami levy your. tax after
the Legislature meets for 18&1 and
1884. The earliest schools estab
lished iu North Eastern Carolina
will be certain to receive aid, as
Dr. Curry will be sure to sustain
them as radiating centers. We
regard. Elizabeth City, Edenton,
Washington and New Berne' as
pivotal poiuts. You can apply for
one dollar for every three yon sub
scribe. Mr. Editor, whether you
receive Pea body money or not you
must have the school.
Here is the argument why they
should be adopted. The people de
mand something better than we
have had. They say our dollar in
North Carolina is taxed tSn times
as much as the Massachusetts dol
lar and they have a hundred times
better schools. They wish to know
why is this. The answer in part is
they have a better system,' they
make by their improved system one
school dollar perforin the duty of
several of" our school dollars. . How
will the Gradedsystein accomplish
this for us, we answer, first bv its
"Eeonoiny in money. "" :
The State and county fund, the ,
Peabody fund and t he township or I
coi'ioration tax fund are allconcen-i
tratedon one good well Graded
in nil. rilll.l Jl UIM I ICI,
4 .1 .. 1- I . - . . .
insicao oi oeuig squanuereu on a
dozen or more, private or separate
schools scattered over the township.
The. former lasting 40 weeks the
latter not much over 40 or 50 days.
2d. economy in time and labor.
The pupils are graded into eight,
nine or ten classes- Each teachers
has the class for which he or she
is especially qualified. His or her
whole time is exclusively devoted
to that particular grade. They
have 90, to 00, 50, or 40 minutes to
devote, to a. recitation, according
to the advancement .of the grade
Each pupil in a grade has the same
work to perforin in it. The gain in
this matter of time can scarcely be
estimated, The energy of the
teacher and pupils is concentrated
the one in teaching all he can.
Drops of water make au impression
on flint, if they drop long enough
in one place. Constant employ
ment takes the place of constant
discipline. The teacher's work is
more pleasant mid the children are
3d. economy in material or in
These iu our graded schools must
be uniform and of course; an inteli
gent school committee will have
none but. the. best. The school re
mains the same, the books cont inue
uniform though the teachers change
or lose their places. Books bought
at exchange or introduction prices
do not cost a great sum, yet iu a
number of yea is the saving to a
city or town amounts to a large
sum by adopting a uniform system
of text liooks. Here we might add
if we chose the good resulting from
these schools as disseminators of
good manners and better morals.
This can not he measured or reck
oned. We claim, aside from the
moral feature, a vast economy in
money, time and material. We!
hop- then the cheapness of this!
system will recommend it to every i
community. During the year pre !
vious to the adoption of this system I
iu Favetteville, by a careful esti-i
mate made up from tin
the teachers themselves, nhout six where in. the canal." But unhap
thousjind dollars were paid for the; pily the blasts of the desert carelit
supiMu t of sixteen or seventeen j He for official ordinances either in
private and tree schools in our
township with au attendance du
ring t he . ear of 100 pupils, some
of these continuing 40 weeks, most
oftheni40or 50 days. The first
year of the Fayelfeville Graded
School resulted in an average at
tendance of 450 pupils, and cost
( )ne .Male Assistant
Ftiiir Female at y.'MM) each
which we had
and State fund
The surplus w"ai exjiemled in
bmiks, whiidi-were given Jnr to the
lor ami rich. .Twenty-two' bun-
dred vs. .MM fnm I he citizens'
ockets. " Ifere we seealouf 3 ljnies
as many children cent fo fchool 5
times as long for one third the
money , from , the (icopleV ocket.
The h4-1hh1 the second yeur,n was
carried mi at the- same figure and
we earned over - a nuiance ot f.(Hi.
The t hird year, we added the sub-
freshman course, employed an extra
assistant, the ,ol! . tax was more
rigidly collected moving up iu tue
year J'rom $550 to $770, , ami . last
year from 770 to f 1100. So that
during tlie past year we paid our '
Huperintendeut - .- - - 1200
Fi rat Al a U "Assist an t xiJVfO
Second . "
Five I'eiiinle '
Wood . -.
- tn. -i
. " . &1700
To pay which ' ," . ; t
County and State tax -. '. . 1 100
Peabody fund (already. paid) 700
Citizens' subscription ,i7,l700
' ' " ' ' " ' ' ' $4500
We payilK)Ht25q i'yhHt
whije ye have iucieaied Uie grade
ami iucrjasel our. salaries we still
carry 'over- a.-lmlanee in money.
Many of our three 'year ' highest
grade pupils ' a re t ea chers, . hi , pnr
county , schools. , In 'our .priuiary
and . .intermediato ?-department
when, a teacher ' is : sick we Rrtpply
the place with our - normal pupils.
In June 1S81 we sent two boys, to
the University 'andiu'.Juuo
we sent two .more and also hud two
young ladies of the same grade ex
amined to test their ability to join
the Freshmans class.' They passed
the examination creditably We
inent ion t hese facts in . evidence
that graded schools are uoti AWily
cheap but effective. Wehiul itluwe
young ladies examined - to show
that the. girls receive ' nil tlm edu
cation they need iu a'Grflded
School. We appeal tlie'u7' u he
wealthy and middle men of .X-..CM
with this argument; if you hare one
thousand or twelve hundred dollars
to spare to send yourlK)v'fo$n' ex
pensive private sehoolat iiiost otlho predcts 50,WK) majority for t i .
f.,00ayear, for lour . yeais why lUcw, moveinent; . Di'suiissing' I
ui .leuii nun iiMir years ai. a cost
$25,00 a year to your (Irmiwl
Schools at home and tints sa ve your
self 1100 to send him to-college, if
sncn is your intention, oi rti start
liim in life in whatever sphere
chososes. . : .
Ytmrs ti nr -Ke,
From the N'Yl,rltTiiMri.
The Ditch of Great Price.
If the system of modem politics
be not actually, as a .caustic.; wit
has asserted, "much ado about
nothing," it, is frequently ; over
what is uext to nothing 'thut it
makes the -greatest ossUlc "ado.
Two years ago all Etirope was in
an uproar about a- dirty , little Al
banian sea-port which '.would look
small beside many a village on the
Hudson. To-day Hurope is again
convulsed by the real or fancied
peril of a little trench of light-green
water, 'shut in on either side by a
hideous desert. The ' issues 'in
volved in preservation of the! Suez
Canal are, indeed, imortant .be
yond dispute; but were n stranger
suddenly placed upon one of the
low sand ridges that flank this
famous "short cut" between .El
Kantara and Lake Tiinsah, ..he
might well lie astonished to learn
that the tiny ditch below ; him,
completely invisible at fifty yards'
distance, could everprodiice.au ag
itation capable of .shaking the
whole civilized world.
From Port Said to Suez the ex
treme length of the canal is 8G
miles. For at least a third of this
distance, however, it passes
through a series of shallow lakes or
lagoons, where its coHrseis marked
by jole8 or buoys. That it should
be a source of constant anxiety to
its owners is perfectly, natural, for
its condition is at best that of a
consumptive patient, only to le
kept alive by continual and elal
orate precautions. Although it
has a mean breadth of 70 feet
in the main channel and of 100 feet
iu the sidings, it is only the very
centre of the cutting which is act
ually available for navigation.
Here the water litis a depth of .2C
feet, but on either side of this deep
er belt the shallowness such that it
is no uncommon thing to see a man
Avade out-from the shore till almost
w ithin reach of a passing steamer.
Hence the protection of t lie yield
ing sides with piles cased in metal,
and the stern enactments airainst
j "throw ing ballast overboard any
French or iu English, and a strong
wind from either side will tumble
into the channel enough sand from
t he overhanging ridges to makefile
labor of the great castle like dredg
ers which are constantly at work in
various pai ls of Hie canal an abso
lute iiecesst . One ol these very
dredges ran aground in the canal
last Autumn, necessitating the eiit-
i)l':i fresh channel all round it.
J ii such a passage it is, of course,
impossible tor two steamers to pass
each other except at a siding, and
when one boat sticks fast fhe pro
cession' behind it can be likened to
nothing but the uliue" formed at
I lie Itox-officc ol a theatre on the
first night of some favorite star,
for these ami other reasons consid
erable discontent has lately liegnn
to arise toward the canal, and oujy
a few months ago the project of a
new canal intendel to
eis to Cairo wa-wirm! y k
-Should Arali rash' w I
en fron!ilHpreHiiit xii-"', ;
himself iiH)ii I he Suez Cm-.
work "f .jnlschief' iil I "
enough, -for the part f t!,e
which Is most vulnerable is .
I.r that lying nea ri'st fo hi
The southern half of the j a
fMuu the Great Bitter Luke to
in Hanked by the ridgy uii d I
country, less available fr hi -ixise
'than the, dead' h vil .
northern Jisecl ion. . t reot
railwuy . oonnecling Hurr wi:
mailia and t he "Sweet waf i " ( '
through which' lioats pas f.or
efty to theother,'jU PJlu iii", v
(uake Jhe cuttiiig or maki
the ISuez Cdal-iu that qJ!
comparatively light Mow
with the utter ruin wl.K h f
proeeeiliug' would en tail i
north, where the canal .is t:
line o( communication.' A '
lietween Lake MeuzaMi i. 1
Timsah 'a' few Imndn-d
Arrtbs-might do Incnlct.! '
chief In ft single night. . ...
prayer may arise for Am' i'h
cess in the mosques of (',.' a:,
is easy, to giless with ' what i
hU name Is coupled in the t(..:
houses of the uez Caual, . w !
every, worthy I'ieiTe or J '
nightly expects tofee 'Ids l.tt'.
lior-'tuid , tiny. - garden p't h
crackling' Maze yof ruin," hi.
spriiigfroiu Under Ids fat; i
just iii time, to receive'-.
bullet through his brain. .
Arab khan jar Inr hbi heart. ;
i . Cllgii.
Gen. Tlmma L. Clingm
issued an aihlress, of letter, - :
forth hiri views on No'rt li ('.
)Klitics." It is interesting, n nu.
and valhabhv Ut IImmuU ..t ot
litical history; tor it. uueartKs r
long-forgotten '- poi n t s of p.
tenets - Drifting 'down fl.i. . '.
yearsOf ppblid life, the .C.t u
reaches ami endorses, f he I a '
movement of o-day. lo tl. '
will, unhorse the east-iron ; " '
chine" iu lK)th the Itepublican, ;
the "Democratic. ' arties and
ooumi pro immo vvipucq, ii i -t .
present views, " we fan I
t ii i -:
t-d' in t:.
that wt? have ' never foii
Koiriewhat common di-y t r
bfXleu. .Cliugman ot 1
History will pronon m e S i
the most:, remarkable
North Carolina has pn !
i r' e i
1 1, i
L ' I!
ysenel for years in the I
,ws fof t i yearn a men ' n
cress, (and among the i t
neut); his six years ah ''
during, the war ..comma:. v
thv most noted brigwles
Southern Army. Hisjy .-. (
writings com i wise a vci v 1 .
ever,. delivered iu North C u
jo . subject matter, l'ii;n.
scientinc attaiumentu, and c ;
sentinient."! Such '.a career .
limior'toiis tStateai . well tis him-
;.Geu. Oluigrnan's course wincw th,
war has not been -l'0rtnuat. He
has managiMl to get .1 boron jhly
"outV with lioth' lialties, nlfhoui h
iiot claimed by either. ; This, i t
be regretted; lor he' htM Ability tt
serve the State,; nud ' the ; t'tatu
needs tne ' am ot an. , iter mouh.
Fa rm'cr and Meek a nu)
lrajerjr ot .ilia. Uirypttan. '.,
ALEXANDRIA, ' JHI.V 12c 1 he
truth is the Egyptianrt fought 'mm h
Wttef fhau was !at".,all fXHK;te,l.
They have well earned the honor vf
being the first to face throughout n
long day the most tremendous ar
tillery lire ever opened in nny warfare.-
Nor t;nn it be said that igno
rance made them bold, for the(flrVt
few round .from , our, heavy gui)s
proiluced effectn -positively fright
ful to witness even from a )toint. of
safety, "while to,' have Mood iindr
siich avalanches otirou wit ho t
tliuchiug proven the- Kgyptlun o
have some good tuiT Among them.
If tle Fgyptiaiw 'oppoafl on r
t roops with" , tne". aroe gallant j-y
with 'frhicli tliej' fo6ght.' their, luur"
last giius. our, Bohliertt will .havf
their work cutout lor 'them Indorp
they reach Cairo. "-. With the tre
mendous tire of four ronclftds coip
ceutrated upon Uiem 'vith the forty
crumbling in rninn. rtmong them1,
their guunern yet sent - shot alter
shot back . through ; the - storin vf
shell and Imllets for more' than a?
hour. Sir Beanchri'mp, Soymoiij
himself expressed his eens of re
lief when at last -it4 Was' evident
t hat the guns were -silenced, anl
the unequal and heroic; coii test at
an end. 'Londou liaitjf Xevn:
i ue Araos say ; me i reason why
the defence was so obstinate wan
that the batter ie were manned by.
negro - Mohammedans. London
six difisoM a Tr,uil!?..r''
There passed through towu tbjif
morning a gay Ami frolicsome party
of six yonnr girls fn rtt . td the
mountains. They were all robust,
good looki ng, full 6r life and energy,
ami InMit on a 1rolic.' Dressed in
ii n i form style of walking hubit,
slightly shorter even than th pre
vailing fashion, matte, of excellent
and durable linen, plain bat pretty
hats, easy shoes With high ankle
for dnsf, they were the perKoniflca-' '
tion of comfort.' Rnch bore a knap
sack upon her back, Uoldier ntyle,
aud was armed with a revolver and
large iKiwieA-nire, . Their trip lake
in nearT.nll themoutitaiu 'rountii
Three if 11 eni are Marylanders m l
three ate Yirgtuiana.-. (iretn-' o
Patriot, .'j .', '". '
- ; --v. fV - 1 "'-'' '.