1JZV7 BERITE JOURNAL-
PITV?I.ISHF.1 KVKUY THTTKSPAY-1- ,.
rtT t :
NEW u:le. ciwej codtv, a. c.
HAT'" 1' AI-v
Ol Imii oin' n
' " one luouih
" IhrT iiioiiiIi
Qnarti-r roluma ona v i--k
' on inun id
" ' oni yar
Half ffMumn on -fk
, "" ont month.......
'''. V OU0 yrar
On rolnmn ant rf...........
. ' . " on month ......
-..' " onf J-ifr..M.
, f 04U-i"l to? a Iri-rii -lii
or lima tnojr ix ins .In nt il.
Ukiikk JOl'MKAt., In tllf Hll'
Sn-et. Ni-vr llrin?. Nirih Curn
- o " Editor ami Iiiyprietorit.
jr. r. icniHH,
INDEPENDENT I N A L I T H TN G S .
OO l?or Year.
v ItATKS OK
NEW BERNE, N. 0., AUGUST 24, 1882.;
M i i-ur iu'j BlatttM always a baml. rt
, ---"-. , mm mnu T,
(Nev7 Eerne Advertisements.
TV I .
u. :,r.:.iS DRY GOODS
: i)()TS, SUOKS, HAYS, ...
U'tipes. Twines, Paints Oils Can
v:ii5, and Oakum. .
'1 ;. ; e trtiny CllAIN' SACKS in
any uautltr and - : : --; -
LOIIlLliAIIO SNUFF ; :
" l.yllie 1.1)1.
Or,'?rs taken Tor" "I
" ' "-4 NETS aiHlSriXlSr
Toot of Middle 'street, "' . ... -.
' NEW BE11NE. K.V;
New 'Berne : Advertisements.
THOSI. G ATJES"& 00,
"OFFKR A LARGE BTfXJK OF I
i'J IiTIVULAK A TT1JXTIOX
AND HKiHEHT ILVJilvlU' PJUCH
SOUTTrJ FltONT ST OPPOSITE
; t : GASTON HOUSE. -' .'"
on hand fBTTJlne of
AND TWINES, -
il A K K L T "
s i 1 1 ; i:s. N A I cakvass,
AMI A LI. KIXUS
r: i:;u, oils and brushes;
1 C' '
. . o.
, JO) YOUNG STOCK
always u hanil, auil for sale
LOW FOR CASH.
A. dc M. HAH, c
Opposite Hpisiipal ('hurt-h and Odd
Fellows Hall. Junel5vv-Cin
Las Ktu to lle l.u?ineES for tlie, last
, iJS Y12AIJrx. ,
1- U L L ,.S T 0
C l-cr- iiixa.v Tiinl .
. U H iiiHA- J 'Corner ofBroad
and Middle Slrci-Lv. ' .
NEW I5ERNK, N. (.
J. V: WILLI A MS k Co.
Mar. 30. 6m w
. J. V. Williams.
. ' con Mission merchants
lYHOLFALE DEALEKSi I j
. o o;ii n
,4T Solicit Orders.
"And Wholesale and Retail Dealer in ;
Steam refined Confectionery.
Iflli sr CANNED PHUIT8. ;
i -, Crackers and '; Cakes, .
A KHhIm ,of Ohil.lrenW TOTS
' WAGONS &. JccSi -
fApvl 3,1 yw - New Berne. N.C
- Offer a.Loi-ge Stock of s
Brown, G corgia and Needle
Feeders and fdondenseraS
FARM -TCGrWlCS '
1'ioni 4 to 20s lIorsr Power,
ft . -
Most Approved Make.
Oral 11 Faiis. Strsw Cuttersy VffmA
5-' V ' VEO. ALIEN & CO. r
Apr.27, Smir.'; - ' 'V A":
A. II. II0LT0N,:;
MONUMENTS A TOMBS,; I
2 IAIXKINDS OUAVE ANDsBUIWM
. . ; . 1X(J WORK IN ' ; 'T-. : :
i. Orders will . receive prompt atte'Stion
'. and eatisfacfion guaranteed.
,l)OM !2ST l'C
WINEJ 5 LIQUORS,
T Q3ACG0 S&C I GAR S.
i ' jn i 'i'r.i:i i:i:kt.
MEW KEBNE, tl.C,
;;;v- v -IV otickw -
- . . . -1. " 1 -. . ... '
l-utTOmniiti.nierhk'T? ordered I hut .11
real t.-tw foiil iiy tlt SbfrilT U lb eooniy fur
I x du- for itw y ear 18Su,ran be tcdwiwd by the
ons withont n;iur III. additional Sa pr rent.
k allowed bjr law pruvidnl the on said; lauds
"arejiaid hy thf iir-t (xrrrabcr. ' Parties ittter
. elrd will lake- ootiu., aiM -fu-yrra lfaeslre
'accordingly. 1 ' . . ' .
. , .- D. N. KIL.BITRBL '
.- Julyk-J4wtl fm - Coootjr Treasurer. .
';: Plows and Cultivators,
fit "i: " Variety iiittralTVeryjl
JOE K; WILLIS,
'At Uismarck Dakota), llio nionn-
tain jaeual'teu: telL the. vstory of
Markbears exjiloifc with tlio Black
feet; f x , . " -;.If'.i
the fsaure Mavkliead wht,
live or six years later, Vas treacli
erousl.v mnrderetl.by tlie Mexicans,
iiear Taos. Attlie tiiiics of . liis
datli7 Ii6 was riot more tlitiiijiweiity
seven .years old, nml he eonld liard
ly have, been more thah tveuty-two
vyheh ho had this Bla'kfo(. adven-
lure,v ; ;. rivv;' - '
The old pioneers of (he upper
MissourLBpeak of j Markhead as a
liiost reinarkablo bo,s6 .iiinsehlar
and of (inch 'Hw'ei of eudurahcey
that lie- M'onld rnri fifteen or twen
ty miles without apparent fatigue.
Indians he held in trifling regard,
and delighted: in, a. skirmish with
them; though he ; borel - the scars of
not less thaii a dbzen of their bul
lets aiul arrowsi - -
,: At the time alluded to, he had
gone on a trapping excursion for
beaver, nn one of the head; creeks.
of the Yellow-Stone; a locality not
much resorted to by other .trappers,
on ;aeeonnt of the- deadly $ hostnity
of I the Ilackfeeti' who -were very -
jealous of the : white hunters, and
killed eVery hunter they, could sur
prise. -,S v.- '
As was his custom, ho had his
horse with him, for carrying traps
and provisions, and at . this time
had made his camp in & clicmp of
eotton woods, onVthe bank of the
creek," near the foot of a -range of
bluffs Avhich fronted the stream on
the east side. -. . . . .
4"",That rinoruing- it was in the
Tftonth of October he had set off
early tol look- to liis beaver straps,- f
which he had a line hoth up and
dowli the creksSJlIo had proceed
ed but a islibrt distance, wheiK he'
found one of his steel traps missing
from under the bank . where he had
set it. . "..".' a;'.; -
There were bear Hracks in the'
mud atont the barikteiTi large
onesjf leading J)aekintothel eedar
bushes towartls the Jnff.l
head followed iteautiouslv.threpa!
the cedar. . 1 1 $ or nearer
, twenty : r?xuir"; ieew Gi :;-,. , t. .U.x t?x u.;.:. ;k.U
....-.,.t. 't I tlllStHl..,. IV5 uiu uiH) ;Ahm uiu
the Imift', he- fOnnd.tiRat the a-tviiHal
hiid tin'nerstsidev aiid "goiie furllier
np the yW)ttom'Bu
uiomen t'". he. thoiiht lie heard , it
tth rashi ug alou t in the cetta r a little
of the bluff
oyer tlie ttps .ot the. V shis. ; Froin
this point; lief s&jWirig-iizIy'j
sittingJon Ibrdadv flatTofekpiiot
more tnair lorry or uttyj; yarqs ins
tall t. - r "
Watching the creature a moment,
he, fouud that it limped painfully,
aiid that' it walked a short distance
oh three' legs. Finally, it turned
about and limped back to the stone
again; and Markhead nowT perceived
that the grizzly had his beaver trap
hard and fast ou one of his fore
. The bear was much , annoyed by
the trap..v tsat Mownon the stone
again, arid from .where, he lay,
Markhcad could see Kim examining
it 'attentively, holding it' close - up
to his nose and gravely turning his
paw over and over. Then i would
tip its head to one sideband: look at
the trap from out the comers of its
eyes, in a most comical manner, as
if at an entire , loss to make but
what the novel and, painful appen
dage coidd be that had got such fast
hold on his toes.
Anon, the puzzled animal would
try. to step on its foot; but instant
ly tookjt up from the ' stone again,
with a low whimper, and would
then- commence licking the trap, as
if wishing to appease its anger and
coax it into letting go its grip.
This pantomime so interested the
trapper that he eonid, scarcely take
aim with his rifle, lint not wishing
to lose his good steel trap, he was
on the point of shooting the bear,
when he Vas startled from it by the
neigh of a horse.'
Glancing out over the tops oft lie
bushes, he saw, some four or live
hundred yards down the opposite
utes they would be on his track, he
slid down from his perch on the
bluff and ran back to the -creek, to
the point where he.had-iJeft it in
pursuit of the bear. ... -?
Here he resumed his way up the
creek, taking care to leave a plain
ly marked trail ' through the Avet
grass, with 'here and there a foot
print in the in ud or sand, just as if
life Were leisuriy proceeding along
the bank, looking to his traps.
4 But he ran on fastv and never
slackened his pace till he had cov
ered a distance of at least ten miles
froni the iIaee Where he had seen
the Black feet cross the creek. His
surmise was that the savages, oh
discovering his t rail, would pursue
him, bnt Nvould expect ti rtne- iij-
m. him at every trap, tindf-hence
would follow on stealthily'hnd at
no great speed.
Having thus planned out a ten
mile chase for them, Markhead ran
back across the . narrow .meadow,
and climbing the bluffs, made a de
tour fox his camp again, keeping a
mile'or over from the creek, back
among the sand-hills and cliffs.
Being a fleet and practised, run-
ner, .he was not more than, aft' hour
aiul ualt making tae-iripuacK to
tlie vicinity of his camp, among the
cottonwopdSj the tall tops of which
hetjould see-at a great distance.
After taking breath a few - min
utes, and looking to his rifle, Mark
head crept out among the boulders
on the crag overlooking the camp
ing-place: tori he exiected the In
dians would leave one pf their num
ber to watch theJiorses.' That one
he was prepared to deal with
From the crag he soon saw the
six ponies down among" the timber.
horse, or was "lie wrong" in his
conjecture about the savages leav
ing one ot thertr number wit h the
horses; tThe packs had been taken
off the ponies7 , bjicks; and "Hfter
looking a, few moments, he espied
an, Indian: sitting m the shade of a
bushroh a lieap of J buffalo skins
Watching, the Indian a little,
Markhead -crept down, noiseless as J
a fox, to a large cotton wood, rath-
the liorses, ana : then,
i his piece; against :the
tree-trunjnfwas just about to shoot
the unwaiy senti nel;vhen the In
dian' tnrned partially, 's- and to his
great surprise he saw that it was
not :a BlackfiK)L wanior, but a
plump itnd veiy comely squaw. . i
bank of the :. creek,
Indians, sitting on
do. for he- would not " shoot the
stnaw At lengthifegavea sliout
and rushed . towards her.
The squaw bounded ' from her
seat, and seeing' the trapper close
uH)n her, "yelled like a pig," as
Markhead said, and started to run
away. But she had not' got many
yards before Markhead ' seized her
by her long hair; at which the poor
woman, th inking, no doubt, that
her last hour had come, crouched
ou the ground, -."and begged piteous
ly.in choicest Blackfoot, for the
white to spare her.
Markhead led her back to the po
nies, and drawing his knife, inti
mated to her by most emphatic
dumb show that her top-knot would
assuredly come off if she made the
least attempt 'to escape.
With that, the squaw protested,
with every gesture she could de
vise, that she would ( never try to
get away; she would be like a little
dog, and run at his heels; she
would be like the pony's tail, al
ways at his back, and inseparable
Finding that her life was in no
immediate danger, the. squaw rap
idly recovered from her fright, and
hv-answer to signs, gave her captor
to understand that the live savages
had gone on his trail up the creek,
just as he had surmised they would,
and had been so confident that
they would lind him, that they had
left only this squaw tosit by the po
nies. Markhead thought ver the dis
tance, and concluding he had a lull
two-hours' start of them, resolved
to take it easy, lie made the
squaw unpack some cold venison
which thev had in one of their
"jt " rrr? t " i -
head eing ioiiited out to him at
the posflie said,r"ile big warrior.
IltMplaybeaver on Indian."
Rits ,of the History of . New
v f Berne.
MrssrS. 'jEDrrous: If you will walk we
wiJl n'owifftart for a ramble about the
town. ., tyf are at the point where Price
couiinentll his survey, as before stated,
the caniirai Jjady Blessingtori. . Jtt the
corner ofollock and Midd!e streets.
Let us firs go down. Pollock street to
Neu8 rier. Thia was the road before
the tow'to 'had streets. But pause a mo
ment and hear a word about the oarly
history 6 Kowberft. V
Christif)lujr de Graffenreid, of Borne,
SwttzerlaMv'borWiu 1661 wad made a
Land. Gve of Carolina by the Lords
-Ppil M$ovmce, in 1709.
In the .jsam'e-yTPar : about 50 Germans
from the Palatinate ,of '.-me Rhine emit
grated to-Caroliua under his auspices;
He was acconvpanied-by hi& son Chris
topher, Captain Levis Michel (our Mit
chells descended,, from him) , of Berne,
andi et number of Swiss. . In 1710 he
founded the town of Newbern. The
Indian name of fther point pf land on
which is 'now Newbern was Cliattoka.
De Graffenreid was a remarkably hand
some man', and gossip says Queen Anne
was so much attached -to her visitor that
her ministers sentr him off to America
and gave him; thousands of acres to get
clear of him Be that as it may, when
the Indians jiuissacred Lawson, near
Streets Ferry, ten miles above Newbern,
they also designed killing Pe Graff en-
.ried, who was. with him. but after he
wa stripped, they were deterred, by a
gold medal they found on his neck, and
by his remarkably white skin and grand
figure. ; They . ; thought ? he was a
great Tibief of - some kind, and it was
bad luck to kill a ruler.. ; That medal is
still in the possession of some of the De
Graff enrieds in the State of ; Georgia.
The old Baron, however, Jsoon became
involved here in debt, sold his lands . to ;
the Pollocks, and returned : to Switzer
land Many of the Palatines remained,
and their descendents are " among our
most respected citizens. i r i;
Now we must hurry on. A few steps
east from the gun bring us opposite to
the foundation as you see of the first
church of any kind ejected in the town
of Newbeyji- The-stOQedglab before us,
ust above the ground, was in the cen
tre of the aisle of .the? church, and cov
ers the graves of: some of its earliest
members.. Of course it was the Estab
lished Chuih of England, and the peo
ple were taxed to build it. ' Thus with
many after tlie Revolution it was un
popular, and , the lots of the Newbern
Academy adjoining the Church proper
ty on Pollock and Craven streets, and
the lot on which is C. E-FoyT Esq., new
house, and the lot recently sold tor, the
new, opurt house, was taken from the
Church by act of the Legislature, and
it was with much difficulty John Stanly
afterwards prevented a similar confis
cation of part of the churchyard On Mid
dle street. The vestry of the -Church.
contemplating trouble if burying were
presa on. We have now reached the in
tersection' of f I'oUoc-k and Host Front
streets, tuid aru faoiug the Neu.-us. . To
the wharf -'directly in front of us, and
only a few titejfc. distant, were, brought
Dr. "Alexander' Gaston, father of Wil
liam Gastik,-aii4s Colo John Green, by
an old neroi JJlm ,'Fisherman, th day
f linw ll'iiw.i . I., .f 1 . wr lint 'IV.na.in r atnark I . . k - . . a . - .
V:J ? 7'?" " . the chair and T. w. Kiocnmb re-
wharf of au Ejiirlishmiuv (Cornell ). now. -. . in . , .
the whaif of imYoid ijmiinkm Steam-, ntotl to act as secrelary.
sliip ConuM-iy, wiiile attampting to e-1 On motion, a (committee ol one
caiw itt;.'Buia.l v ljt'Vi'rent.iTer..fi,oni each Company-was appointed
They weie shut kiuid supposed to ' '! tlin tdi.lir .tn dValt : l esolnf ioim
killod, or probably would flxrtroi?sivA of the, Kftiisi of 1.1
j i i - - -i
At ft meeting ol . t uo surviving
members of the late U7th L'eg't.
C.T., held in the city of (iohlsloro,
Aug. 17th 1882
Capt. K, It. -.lones was called to
have been at the lime.
Now turn to tuo west. On the corner
lot on our lets, where T. A. Greenr Esq.,
is iiow haviiig a tl welling house built,
grew for ye.vrs theLive Oaks, two of
thu noblest trees of the American forest.
Not unlike the hickory in the church
yard, they wre. much older than tlie
town itself. Under them the Palatines
pitched their lent ju Doeember,.1709j
and King liiouut smoked with them tlio.
"calumetof pace.'' There the Caciques
held their councils and their war douce.
Under them looabout 7t yeftrp ago,
tiia first circus ever in thecouritry per;
formed, and a few of . our . citizens re
member it. :ii The trees stood unharmed
by tlie axe of civilization for years, and
were uestroyeif; in the " great cohflagra
tton in New,bern in is4t.t u;(r,; i -'
' If we look to the right on the corner
lot where is c now , the lesidence of the
Misses Custis was the. brick mansion, of
DrHaslmv .This af terwards 1ecome
the, property and . residence of John
Washington r Tuere Gov :Wm. A. Gra
ham married .Miss Susan Washington,
the sister of 'JotmC. Washington, Esq.,
of Lenoir county.' The old mansion was
burned when tht) Li re Okd were at the
time occupied by3 James G. Stanly, Jf.V
Esq. : The brick house now on the lot
was the kitchen and is still standing as
it was in the stormy times Of the Revo
lution; Gaston and Green were dining
with Haslia -when a un'an ran in , the
house and told themV the Tories were
near,! in pursuit of them ; - they hastily
procurred a boat and left the' shore and
were shot as before stated?. Being taken
back to Dr. :Haslin's it was . first sup
posed Gaston would live but Green could
could not long survive.' The ? reverse
turnetl out to ' be true. 5 Gaston was
carried , to .his,, home;the,-.!;next day.
His house was on; the s. lot where tlie
Newbern Bank" building1 was erected;
afterwards it was the Merchants' Bank,
and is now the property of R. IV. King,
E3q. v of Lenoir county, and is used as
annex of the '.Central Hotel. Dr. Gas
ton died there the fourth: day after he
was, wounded His son. William , was
there born and was . then only a few
years of age ? Col. Green recovered en
tirely and lived some years. -; His grave
is under the present Episcopal church.
WeSvish we had- time to dwell on tile
merits of these men, but must pass on
We liave reached the Southeast corner
of East Front nr.d Broad streets, and On
this corner One hundred and thirty-thrfe
years ago James Davis set up the lirst
printing press ever in North Carolina.
Fifteen years afterwards he published
the first , number" of the first paper or
stopued 0 mttrounds,,kepe iV9pen i?rll,,5aiffi f?1! "I? .t,Ue
as long as thjs? could for that purpose, v -.of l;North tarofma Magazine 6rUiYmrJ
-sThe first hnrvinff eTond wa nn r!ra- sal f Intelligencer," The residence of
They-hud reined up, and stood
among some little sand-hillocks,
looking ' aerbss,! directly towards
where his canfi was. in the cotton-
fopds. ..It then, flashed to his m ind
t-hat it.; was his horse which had
neighed. ' That was why the In
dians:: had. pulled up so suddenly
1itid?r6 staring across the creek.
'Markheail saw that,, even could
he himself escape, them, the Indians
would inevjtiftty 'discover his camp
anu capture - Jus horse anl provi-
had taken had
lor the long run.
f Cor. BROAD & CRAVEJ 1S
' -1 - if : r - New Berne, tfl C
K. li. AlliADOWS & co.
' DEALERS IN
!ItUGS;SKKl)S and (JUAN OS,
- Agricnltnral Chemicals.
J Trucker's Supplies a Speciallv
New Heme, N. f).
sioiiis, together with all the peltries
he liad trapped. That was bail.
But what was worse, there was a
heavy dew that morning', and his
own trail through the grass along
the. bank of the creek must, he
knew, bo as plain as a pike-statV.
lie kuew'lhat the Indians would
not fail to discover his trail, and
that they would 45al!or him like
bioolh(aiii(ls to ilUath.' Jl is
not strange 1 hat otrrliiiiiter thought
no more tf t lm luiarV and that, his
urgrriine.Ht.was cut short by tliis
by-no-means laugha-ble aspect of
But Markhead was a quick-witted
fellow, not easily alarmed, and
while'" lie lay there watching the
Black feet as they stealthily ap
proached the place where his horse
kvas picketed, he hit ou a ruse for
outwit! mg them at their own tac
tics. Feeling sure that in a few niiii-
t party, of six j sacks; and the two st range com-
lunclfed very convivially
lim a good
Assisted by the squaw, he next
packed up all the Indians' peltries
and lashed them on the backs of the
ponies, making uj a sort of pony
train, at the head of which he
placed the squaw. Then collecting
his own property, he mounted his
own horse and set off, driving the
whole train in fiontof him master
of the situation. leaving, in fact,
nothing of any value behind.
Once out on the plains, clear of
the crags and timher, Markhead
drove his singular cavalcade on at
a great pace, and traveling all the
rest of the day and all that night
with bill brief halts, reached a
( lading post Laramie Fort, prob
ably towards the end of the next
The leelings of the outwitted
lllackfeet on their return to the
,lacc where they had left their
ponies, alter their unsuccessful
chase after Markhead, may perhaps
better be left to the fancy of the
Tlie young trapper realized about i "fcot at his
o,v .l,.ll.,... Ci.ii tlw, w..li. .r! with more
r-V IIUIIUI 1 UWIIill II VIII til. - IS ' ' a.
the -aptuied ponies, peltries, buf
falo robes, and other property.
The -squaw was some time after
wards reclaimed at the fort by a
Blackfoot chief, whose wife she had
been when captured. On Maik-
ven street.- The Journal office covers
part of .it. i: The entrance was where; the
fine brick mansion of the Misses. Taylor
now wsfands., .The next burying place
was the Episcopal Church grounds. "In
18W it Was closed by order of the town
authorities in consequence of the yellow
fever; being ..brought herein a vessel.
At that time it did not cross Broad
street, though there was a case and
death',- Mr. Butler, grandfather of Miss
liucliel Brook field of our city, He died
on the corner . where now resides Mr.
Bahgert. But in 1794, and in the late
war, r: it spread . throughout the town!
Our present cemetery was purchased by
the Episcopal Church in 1800 for the
reasons before given, and burying then
commenced there. In 1S54 it was trans
ferred to the town by the vestry of
Christ Church, when it: was enclosed
with the shell rock wall.
To return to the. old church. Pre
vious to and during the Revolutionary
War an aristocratic lady, Madam Moore,
had a "double pew" in it, and in that
pew, at different times, sat George
Washington, Gen. Nathaniel Greene,
James. Monroe, John ,C Calhoun, and
many of the most eminent citizens of
North 5 Carolina. This old church was
brick; unfortunately it was pulled down
after the erection of a larger one. Tlie
first minister was James Reed, who had
a commission signed by Gov.Tryon and
Lord Howe. In tlie war this truly ex
.Ciellentpand pious old minister would
pray for the King, when the boys in
the congregation, put up to it by their
fathers, would heat the drum at the
church door and cry "off withjiishead."
This would be repeated ecery Sunday,
the "minister with unwavering fidelity
clinging to his royal master.
The brick mound midway the church
grounds on Middle street, and near the
fence, is the grave of "Parson" lieed.
He was by all called Parson lieed. and
with all his persistent advocacy of the
cause of King George he had the confi
dence Of our people. They entertained
for him much respect and affection up
U the day of his death.
A few steps more and we are near
the grave of "an honest lawyer indeed;"
It is m written on the gravestone in
sight which covers the dust of George
Elliott, Attorney General of tlie Prov
ince. He died in Newbern a century
Passing on, the slab we see now, level
with the close cut grass, is over the re
mains of a patriot of whom it can be
truthfully said we had no greater in tlie
Revolutionary War in proportion to his
means and ability. His means too were
large, and his talent conspicuous as a
merchant. It is the gave of John
Wright Stanly. Though not a lawyer
he was the lirst Judge of the Court of
Admiralty in North Carolina. Of him
we shall have much to say hereafter.
The hickory we are now passing,
j standing on the south-east corner of the
churchyard, with I toughs overhanging
the sidewalk and shading a pump on
the street, is older than the town, and
no doubt can look down on several
centuries. Near the trunk of this treej
for about seventy years was a pine,
board at the grave of a Catholic priest '
When it w;is removed ten or twelve;
years ago, to give place to the marble
cross now neiuiy covered by the ever
green hedge, there was not the slightest!
indications of decay, while deep grooves j
were worn in tin wKtd by the long,
years of rain drops. The little house
under the shadow of this hickory, now
the law office of Washington Bryan, .
Esq., was tlie home of Moses Griffin,
who lived a miserly life and kdltl him-1 each Superior
self eating shad when very low iffprice. j county towns
death, unlike many others ; to-wit:
Mrs., Capt. Green is on the lot. The
writer of this had seen some of the old
type found there. . John Stanly carried
his bride to a little -house on'- the -'same
lot,' tlie foundation of it could still there
be found; the Stanly mansion then not
having1 been 1 fiuished, though , com1
menced before the RevelutionaryWar.
.We will say more of this house in con
nection with John Wright Stanly, the
father of John -'Stanly.- Just before
Davis started his printing press, ' the
elder Gov.. Spaight was. bornon the
Northwest corner of the same square,
Where is now" the residence of Mr. Hol
"ton. The house in which: paight first
looked upon the,'world was pulled down
since 1850. -" This square was one of the
first built upon in Newbern.
Let us go to, the next corner, Neuse
(New) street. The residence just south
of it was for years the home of Mrs.
Hunt, the mother of George Pollock and
his sister; Mrs. John Devereaux.who was
the grandmother of Mrs. "Judge Clarke,
George Pollock being he"r great uncle.
It is the residence now of Henry Jt.
Bryan. Esq., who has - recently had it
modernized . It was for some years also
the home ;:f John . Burgwin and then
Chester was inspired by the scenes there
to write some of his sweetest poetry.
Looking west of course leaves the Neuse
at our back. On the right on the corner
with the width of only a narrow street
from us is the residence of Mrs. Judge
Manlj-, -of which we have heretofore
spoken as the Emery house, whan
President Monroe and Mr. Calhoun were
enteTtahied during their visit to New
bern by our Citizens. This house is on a
lot the shape of a, triangle. Near the
point where short street runs into New
street, was Bryan's tavern, the first tav
ern ever opened in the town. It was on
a creek that extended to the lot of the
writer of this, where, digging a well a
few years ttgoa plank wharf was found
down in the earth, with cypress shingles
in a sound condition under it, which
evidently had fallen from the wharf In
the water and thus been so long pre
served. The Bryau tavern was a great
place of resort in it day. Disputes
were eitheettlel there or- arrange
ments made to settle them on the field.
Balls, too, were constantly given there,
and many grand dinners did our fathers
enjoy in it for years when'rum punch
would flosv as free as water and he that
vould not drink to the bottom was con
sidered no man at all- A bowl of this
reddening nose beverage was in those
days, some times carried with funeral
processions, and the -corpse being born
by hand, when the bearers would step
to change hands, tlie bowl of punch
would be brought up and they would
regale themselves from it ; and were not
men as honest and less treacherous then
than they are now ? Was not the stan
dard, of honor higher then than in this
day in all professions and occupations V
1 am inclined to the beliel as we add
inventions and improve iu some Of the
works of our fathers we improve in pro
portion in rascality. Some of the old
hotel can be remembered by some ier
soiisnow living in Newbern.
You are now tir-.vl and so may your
readers be when they reach this point,
if they ever should, therefore we will
stop our t ilk until another we 'k if you
then desire ti ontinne it. T).
l apl. Callun'iil'S A lntmiiiH.
Capt. S. Galloway, Democratic can
didate for Solicitor of the Third Judicial
District, will address his. fellow citizens
of the several counties embraced in the
following list, ou the second day of
': The .committee . withdrew and
alter a short absonco reported the
following preamble and resolutions
which were unanimously adopted:
1 1. WlIEEEAS, Co. A. of the late
27th lieg't., Ctfi C. 8.-.T.. has called
together the ienmant.id our Bcg't.
in order to afford tliosev of us who
are left an opjiortunity to meet
once more and shake ; h anla iu so
i 1st. .That we hereby,. tender our
old comrades of Co. A.- our heart
felt thanks for their cordial hospi
tality and wish thent, one and all a
long and prosperous career of, use
fulness and happiness-., which , we
can .testify, 'they - have long ago
earned by ; their faithfulness to
trusts imposed upon thein iu times
when - the bravest of .men might
well have- been 4 pardoned for the
lack of steadfastness. ' ' ? . ..','
2d.'. That .we very sincerely - re
gret the absence to-day of so in any
of our trusted leaders of the days
gone i by and while, wo think of
each with affection we especially
deplore the absence of. him who so
gallantly, led ns, first as 'Colonel and
afterwards as Brigade Commander;
General r John . K. .Cooke, who,
though a resident of a sister State,
will always live in the hearts of
North Carolinians" and eseclally of
the survivors of the old 157th lteg't.
ami their .descendants, also Col.
Gilmer. : K '-. '- ' ; " -' - .
s:3.5 That our thanks are also " due
and. a re -hereby tendered . to the
citizens of Qoldslioro and .Wayne
county, imd especially.-? the-. ladies
Ibf the groat- i n terest ' t hey have
manifested hi our reunion,' a i?d for
the hospitable .'manner-iu ' which
they have provided for. our euter
taiument. .'-.,. '-. V .S .-m ; '
4. That we consider, it : highly
important that a truthful record ol
our PHmmand in the late war should
lie written and ' preserved for our
children and .therefore hoo (hat
the survivors will take some iictiou
looking? to; tlie gathering and fol
iating ijie necessary data for a cor
remistoI'yTirt : II. W. Joyner-. Company E. ;
J. J. Burgess :
J.It. Kollins -S.
S. Nash . '
E. M. Poscue .
15. A. Wright
A circular letter :wa spread- from
Johu A;' Sloan,' date Capt. of Co.
B, now resident of Washiugton 1).
C, asking for historical facts and
data (-ounected with the Beginieut
to be published in his look entitled
"North Carolina' in the War Be
tween the States."" ' ; ' . '
On motion,;- a committee of one
from each company fvas appointed
to confer 'with Capt. ' Sloaii for , t he
collection of matters oil n terest and
report the same through T.W.' SIo
cumb of Goldsltoro, Chairman.
T. W. Slocumb, : Company A
CPl. J. A. Gilmer,
Lewis EossJ K
II. S. Nitno, .' ,',
K. AV. Joyner,
J. A. 'Graham,, ... -J.'
11. .Rollius, ;'
K- Ki' Jones, . ;
N; Smith, . ' '.
Rcsolr erf,, That iu reineinlteiance
of the trying scenes through which
together we have passed, we regret
that Lieut. Col. Webb - has 'been
compelled to make his residence, in
a distant Statejand hope he may at
an early day return toliveainong us.
On motion, the -.following ..were
elected penmneiit officers of the
Association: ' ' y
J. A -Gilmer, Cohmet; J. C
Webb, "Lieut. Colouel; C. Her
ring, Major; T. E. Pittnian, .Ad't;
Joshua White, Q. M.; Win. Moriill,
Com.; C. W. Wcstbrook, -Chap.;
C. J. Mattocks, Surgeon . , ' 4 .
S. 1J. rhilliiis. Cant. Company A
J. A. Sloan,
G W. Jones,
II. W. Joyner,
J. A. Graham, .
' 44 :
Court therein, at the
of the said counties,
means, he remembered the j
poor. Thus we have the Griffin fund j
for schools to-day, and but for the war j
it would now be over a hundred thou- ;
sand dollars. If there can be any ex
cuse for a miserly life it is to save for'
the benefit of others to help those uu- Oct. 1
able to help themselves. Lenoir, at Kinston, Tuesday. Oct
After so much delay again we will Carteret at Beaufort. Tuesday. Oct
Nash, at Nashville, Tuesday, Aug. ,22.
Wilson, at Wilson, Tuesday, Sept. Ji.
Pitt, at Greenville, Tuesday, Sept. 19.
Greene, at Snow Hill, Tuesday, Oct. 3.
Jones, at Trenton, Tuesday, Oct. 30.
Onslow, at Jacksonville, Tuesday,
Renolred, That these imweediugs
le published iu tlie'GoblslHjro Jlc
senifcr, New- Berne Journal and
Wilsou Advance. ,.;V V.
The meeting then adjourned.
T. W. SimMB, Sec'y. t
" mm 11 1 11 " '
Ilftimoii ol lhe Tveatr-!)evenlh Hg
Imcul. . . j .
Gn Tliuisday, one hundred and iter.
enty-two survWoiu of the 27th Regiment
assembled at 'oldsboro and held their
lu st l euiiion i:in;H the dose of the war.
l) ery oiiiaiiy was : icprewntl save
one. the Guilford (irej-s, hut they were
sadly disapitointeil in not meeting - tlteir
old field ollicerri. ( en. Jno. K. txke,
Col. Jno. A. Gilmer, Lt. Cil. J. C. Webb
and Maj. Calvin Herring.
Capt. Slocumb of (Vt. A delivered lht
address of welcome which was respond
ep to by Capt. R. W. Joyner. Call"
were made for Capt. Swift Galloway,
who responded in a few eloquent re
marks, after which the Regiment was
marched to the dinner table such aone
as they never, as a regiment, had as
sembled around before. -The credit of
this belongs to the many pretty ladies
who graced the occasion with their pres
ence. After dinner Col. Keenan was called
upon and made & .hort n--
members then repaiicl to t1
house and organized ft
by calling 'a.t. K. II.
the chair and makiin; Cqi.
cumb secretary. (Tho pr"
the meeting will nppcar n t
can procure them iiiun tlie i
' There was a general I
among tho 'ItoyH." but ,
maud was given tt"l.tllin"
ffrgfttcn ' how. Tluj ftii :
Rilies can beat them all I
standing eriH-.t, keeping n. p i
etc., but it is to bo hoped tu a t
rilles will never have to l-- p
such music us the 27lii did !
tOI OIl.MKIi's All-'
About ten inimil.-H l
was reiuly to leave f r .'
Raleigh train da-nli.-.! .
riou need that l. ;. i
Thotrtd. slepfsl out a
for his hand. "Here i
cripplfH Col,'' said one
leg. "give me you r I
"My naiiie' is II .
give me your p
the platform,' i-' s. n i . I
and let liim 1 1 . -..k
Colonel- surrendered i-
scripted, and btei-d n;-
upon the rear plal form :
ardsftnV train, and in t ',
he spoke words that w i t I
heart. Capt. Richard.
to move bef ore he ha 1 i
sentence tho Captain m
bcause the rejortr fail !
him a leg of barlx-cne ,-i
had time to gtJt o!i". J l- '
long live iu the heaitsof
meiit. . s i -
' : I'lMI Id'AMt.
Tllf OTruliatlrti I 1I:
flate irr 4 ii(lii i.umi
turlnar, l ie.
Hasixv, N. C., A t
Messrs. Eiiitokk: The ;
her great bols of f.-. d I
never failing supply of d-.i
our cropa, j'hoHpliiiric hi,
great question hinci l'tiu
bus become MMrer, li. '.. i .
13 where nhall We j. ( t nut i
inilispensahle, ami lie
world is looking to tin JU.'i
eries for them. 1 1 ln-ve t,
scriptiveof the cat. !.;. '. i
etc.,-would be inter.-i
bulk of your many readers.
A short time since 1 vi I' '
tory of thrt Mchms. Dye nt 1
three miles cast of l'.. ai.!..i:
much surprised at its i-npa- it v i
OUghnoss. SittiHted oiioin f.( !
little ItarlKtrs to be found in n
where nothing whh !
years since iu the great
visited that locality n
have formed the harbor j i t
shape, locality and capa is ',
factory, It is near the c.-i.u
best fishing grounda iu tln'-.
River and iU many bayn on i
Straits, i'tire Mud l'anili-
eighty or one hundred m.l. -
Loan tort harbor aud tin I
1 ami k out (the best lidiiu- I
from a whale to a nta i . !
coast) on the south, mid ,
and llogue Hound on the w .
situateil, aa you . like a j-1 .
web, ready and illing tt i -i . :
fish that runs in these wad i
great purse nets, which m. :
deep. When any fish nie I
well out to ea, tliene lieM a:
around them from bitatn,
drawn together and wvuri'd,
With an iiigeniftiis conlrivain ;
and - blocks at the biittom, ;
drawn together like apur- ,
HftmetimcH hundreds ff I. u i.
the lishermen prt.Keed, w itli .! ,
leisurely take them on board, nut .
the boat is IoikIihI ourry t:.-
factory, a building severid 1
feet IfMig by fifty wide, with ! i
of tanks,' each eight feet 1 I
wide and four deep, rum.:,
through the building back ti i ,m
call the "boards," w hich it u n
solid floor of well -la id pine ; 1 n, k , i
ing an acre, for drying it..- .. i;.;. .
the oil has been extrac ted.
Between thes two rows of gr ', I
a railway runs from the vli-nl i' i
the building to the "luid."
are hoisted by steam from the c
and dumped into thf flump r , --. m !
are run along and cm; .e- I t ; .
tanks, where ingeniousl y i., . '
pijx.ti extend to the bottom,
tank a are full the tdearn i,
from powerful boilers, in. I
short time the fish aw n i
pulpy ma-IB. The tanks sre I'
with twelve proii foiks it i
press basket on 'the rail" a
underpowerful hydraulic i .
the pulp is reduced to a n
aud is ruu kt thf Ixtard.i,
dried, and then deto,iited in I.
warehouse, with n capacity of
sand tons', and is ready lor sh
' The oil and water run to a re.
below Lnd tlience to the oil tanks, w I,
the oil risen to the surf a-. A joint. :
tube, to which is attached a lunm '
runs down and outside t tlie l I
rels.: The funnel; which is inoval.le, ,
lowered nicely until it is to th b t!
of the oil. ' Tne.'od i then run fr
surface of the water down tln f i
into the barrels," ready for sli! i t.
Everything is simple and comi U i .
But how do they handle thei-i- i
nets just aerosss this little creek y 1 ii i .
is a great horizontal reel, nixti u fet t i
diameter and twenty fret long, turned
by cranks. One end; of the m t Is at
tached to the reel, and in it few inm
ates the uet fs wound smoothly around ,
where it soon dries. Should it rum i,
washes the salt from themso they hi,
not damp, and will last for years.
The Messrs. Dye have lately bu ;'i n-- '
launched a steamer expresnly for I
at sea, in harbour, sound or fiver,,
it Is Oflmirably adopted to the p ,i
fftr Vlkh she was built, and will em
about five hundred barrels of ton;
now tltycan po fishing with every eci,
venience, comlort and even luxury i.
band by steam. . Surround the fish t
steam, purse them by steam, dip them
out by steam, carry -them to the facton
by steam,, hoist them out by stear ,
cook them by steam, and pros them I .
sU-atn aud will, when thre is mmio re
ular line, nhip them by teani to U i
minRton, tlwir preaent market or c!- -wlMU-e
where superplKliaU are nmU-.
a. . l I . J r . ... I . . . 1 . .
lcaKes auuu i niiy uirrrii -oi uhii i
make one barrel of oil, and it in wm i
about twenty live dollars, and th drif t
scrap forty dollar cr ton. Tim moh
ilaxftil iiliAfXttf whaT IIi.uua' (tiling llinll i
flfiv i.r.dl uruLa .. TltaMiA frf'i. In.il.l
(mra H'tiAfVMi. Ijlfikal 'Anil Vfn t-.,
Uiinem, except the calk inn, Mere tut
by tliem.. Even il- ehimnern, in
of mawnjry, wore tiuilt hj thfin. U
m . Iu. m ft I liu. nu'n
. ii u i.i-r. . otw. w... j v - , ....
constant growing . and atunlion, m
defy- the salt water worm and k
them in splendid order; and niton Id t'
Menhaden iontiitue to c-oine in huI'.'m i, ;
numbers, five hundred bnrrela jx-r ii
Uiey never again sun themselves in i
great Uy ttetwwu IWnegat and .';-.;
Cod, but will make our lands i u h i
these live young men richer.
Yours truly. , J.l . Laiuav
M . li j
.', I I