North Carolina Newspapers

    BERNE JOTIENAL.
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PUBLISHED EVIEY TBXXRSHAX,
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NEW EEL1E, CRATES CODXTT, . N. C.
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'Editors and Proprietor s.c;
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INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS.
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Terms 98. OO For 7ok
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VOL. V.
NEW BERNE, N. 0., SEPTEMBER 14, 1882.
NO. 23:
- Magistrate Blanks always si haaL. ""Wul
Srrat, NW Bara. North Oanrfina..
TR
A
V 1 i
3 . m
! - , r v -
Kew B6rne Advertisements.
D. W. HTJRTT.
n e ns i saiit tailor. ? ?
n n
old
MIDDLE STBEET,
.v. ...-- . , J.. 'So. ::. :
New Berne, It. C
War. 30, Bmw
FerdinandTJlrich,
- DEALER IS
GROOEEIES &DRY GOODS
BOUTS. SIIOI2S, HATS,
Hopes. Twines, Paints Oils Can
vas, and Oakum.
The place to buy GRAIN SACKS in
any quantity and ' ' v ' '
0 It I LfA UI SNUFF
- i '- f,:-ibj thebbl.
- . Orders taken for" '' -
NETS and SFINI3S.
' . Foot of Middle street,
NEWJJERNE. N. C.
. Mar. 3U. I V vr " ::'.
s.
MARKET WHARF, NEW BEBXE, N.O. .
. .'-'. - . ' : .;V,-
- AIo kwp - oo hand fall I Be of . ' t-
. . " . ; t - 1 . :
- - . - . - r . . V.-..
.'.... '.-
HOPES AND TWINES;
SPIKES, NAILS, CANVASS,
- : AND A 11 KINDS :
CHIP CHANDELBY, f
PAINT3, 0LL3 and BRUSHES?
April l-w-m.
HORSES, 1IULES, P.0UIES
Wagons, Phaetons, Buggies,
i:::::ec3, whips, saddles,
LC'J'S CCCX'S CELEEHATED V03K.
GOOD YOUNG STOCK
always ou hand, and for sale .
IjOAV for cash.
A. & M. HA.HN,
Middle Street,
Opposite Episcopal Church and Odd
Fellows Hall. "- ' Junel5w-6m
ITiiii'nitiire
F. BCESSER
has leen in the business for the
laat
YEARS. .
F TJ U'L' STO OE
ALWAYS ON HAN1
Oivo la. 1 xxx ft Trial
7 " ' Coruer of Broad
ami Middle Streets', .
- . " NEW BERNE, N. C.
Mr. 30. Crow . -
J. J: Tolson &co.
1 BROAD STREET s
.'..r : - ; -. .... . , ;
(Second door last from Rsllroad) !T
" Receives GOODS by every Steamer.
The best of Potted , -1"
r , Oannod O-ooda, "
Best - grades of Coffee; rhest
.: grades - Flour, best kettle I
rendered Lard; k r
-Very best selected BITTTCB,: Pre
Apple TINEOAR, 8UUAI1 ofall grades
' Beat Fajnlly GROCKBIES,f '
' - ' ALL KINDS. L v'r.
- Our country" frienda: wilL jindi it to
their advantage to call and: try pur ;-pri-J
ces oeiore Duying ,.au goois ,okj at
' - Oouds delivered at aay part' of City " prompt
and free. Broad Street aeeoad door cast
asm Railroad. - f. w Apr. 1, 1 y
JOHN-DUNN,-
'-I : . MATOJFACfUBEB ' OF "
And Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Steam refined Confectionery.
V CANDIES,
' FRESH & CANNED FRUITS,
V Crackers and Cakes,
iS-fGlGARS,
And all Kind of .CUildren'd TOYS
. . WAGONS &e. &c
I A; - V , POIXOCK St.,
New ;erae, N.C
New Berne Advertisements.
THOS. GATES & CO.,
OFFER A LARGE STOCK OF
BAGGING
AND
TIES.
PARTICULAR ATTENTION
given to
Coxognments of Cotton,
AND HIGHEST MAEKEr PRICE
GUARANTEED.
SOUTH FRONT ST, , OPPOSITE
GASTON HOUSE.
kf sr. SO-w-lv.
O.MARKS,
HEADQUARTERS FOR
lry Qo4h1h," Notions. ltocM,
Trim iniiifrs and ' Iw-es of all
Kinds, Table LdHcn. the Uet
Taukiits. all liiuen. ironi o to
'12 1 -iS cts apiece.
llauiburjr Edjrluffa lit endless
variety and sold at lowest prfces.
.MOTTOES.
- AND
MOTTO. lIilVllfS
UUSTIC FRAMES
. . . ; ; " of all sizes.
I make a specialty of bupplying
the Jobbing : Trade.: Country tuer-
ehauts are urvitcd to call and examine
my extensive Stock Iietbro ba ying.
Also the Celebrated .
, STANDARD SEWING
' MACHINE S
Ahe mIIowIbc miiIcmi
Thb UrxSiBUIMl'nC,
IIABTFORD AND HOUSEHOLD thf
- three best Machines on the Market, :
Do not forget the pi, 6. SI ARKS,"
; r No. 30, PUoek St., ::
Arlwly' "X;;';-?,-7New lsrie, W. C.
" Small Profits and Quick Sales."
II AGKBURirOR OTHER S,
i WIIOI.lCSALKd KETAlt,
GROCERS ;
- Corner Broad and Queen Streets, y
.' NEW BERNE, N. C.
' JOBEESS OF- ' '
LOKILLARD'S SMFFS ADD TOBACCOS
". Mar. SO, I y - '
E, m MEADOWS & m.
- r '- .-- -; . .. - .- '.'- :
DRALERS VS
1KUGS, SUi:iS and GUANOS,
- Agricnltnral Chemicals. "
J3T Trucker's Supplies a Specialt v
New Jlerne, -N. C.
pran-Sni vr
For
coi.is,
1IKAIACUK,
TOltPIlX.IVJ5R ?
aiid Cllf LLS,
BERRY'S
Measures taken for Clothing from
---- - a.t-r-.
,. Berry's Drng . Store.
Tarties bnying for Cahi, can buy
? 1 DRCG.Sj JBA RpEN SEED.
Paper and Envelopes, Paints, Brush
ee, Glass, Toys, Wall Paper, and
m.tny older things at bottom prices at
Berry's Drug Store. Apr. 9 ly w.
WM. LORGH,
' DEALER IN
GENERAL MERCHANDISE
CAST HOUSE ACCOIQIOSATIOXS.
Broad St. New Berne, W. C
rtvcMar. lift,
D AIL BROS.,
WHOLES AE GROCERS
AND
COMMISSION MERCHANTS
NEWBER
Aprl, d w 1 y
L N. C
From the Ohio to the Sea.
The Burnlnr of Marietta L.etli2 an
Army Irftosa to Plunder and Destroy.
(Detroit Free Press.)
Neither Sherman nor his admirers
have leen able to convince more
thau a small share of the American
people that his order removing the
women and children from Atlanta
was not a studied act of cruelty.
When Bragg was driven out of
Chattanooga, Rosecrans did not
find it necessary to remove the
woman and children, though he had
a more reasonable excuse than
Sherman. When Grant captured
Vicksburg he issued no such order.
Lee did not inniet such cruelty on
the helpless people of Frederick
City, Harpers Ferry, Sharpsburg
and the other towns he captured.
Burnside. did not do so at Fred
ericksburg, nor Butler at New
Orleans, nor McClellan on the
Peninsula. All had the same
excuses as Sherman, or could have
found them, but noneiad his ma
lignity. He meant to destroy At
lanta before he left it, and he must
nrst get rid ot the women and
children. Atlanta could have been
made a great base ofsupplies with
out disturbing a single person, as
dozens of other points had been,
but Sherman had p..' better, plan.
He could nol take the city with
him. when he started for Savannah,
and he would, not leave it to be
reoccupied by the army which had
defended it so well.
AT MARIETTA.
One of the most devilish acts of
Sherman's campaign was the de
struction of Marietta. One of the
present editors of the Marietta
Journal was then a. boy of 14, but
he has " a vivid remembrance' of
every incident, from the hour he
heard the cannon shot which killed
Polk to the afternoon he stood on
the street and saw the family home
stead in ruins and the Federal
soldiers mocking at the grief of Ms
poor old mother. If there was any
excuse for destroying Marietta,
then Lee' may be blamed for not
burning every building in every
Pennsylvania town he has passed
through. The military institute,
and such mills and factories as
might ,be of benefit to Hood, could
expect the torch, but Shernum was
not content with that. The torch
was applied to everything, even to
the shanties occupied . by colored
people. No advance warning. was
given. The; first alarm I was'? fol
lowed by ' the" crackling of flaines.
Soldiers rode from houses io house,
entered without ceremony, and
kindled fires in garrets and closets
and stood by to see that they were
not extinguished. In some cases a'
few articles of furniture had been
saved. In others the women and
children stepped fort h bare-headed
to make the ground their bed and
the sky ; their roof. If any one
protested or asked for time a
revolver or bayonet silenced and
drove them out.
Wlien night fell Marietta was no
more." Three or four half-burned
dwellings and the smoking heaps of
ashes alone remained of one of the
handsomest towns in the South.
The people had not only been de
prived of their homes, but of cloth
ing aiidjproyisions as well. Next
morning the hungry children were
prowling around the Federal camps
in search of bits and bones, and
the women bad nothing. Sherman
should have been there to gaze on
the picture and to hear what was
said by Federal soldiers who had
wives and children at home and
who had the hearts of men beneath
the discipline of the soldier.
PEEPAEATORY LESSONS.
At the very opening of the cam
paign at Dalton the Federal soldiery
had received encouragement to
become' vandals. Not one private
soldier out of evory forty in that army
turned robber and incendiary, but
there were enough to cast a stigma
on the whole. From Dalton to At
lanta every house was entered a
dozen times over, any each new
band of foragers robbed it of some
thing. When there was nothing
In the shape of !money, provisions,
jewelry or clothiog left, the looters
destroyed furniture, abused women
and children, and ended by setting
lire to the house. As these parties
rode back to camp, attired in dress
es and bonnets, and exhibiting the
trophies of their raids, and nothing
was said to them, others were en
couraged to follew suit. The treat
ment of colord women was brutal
iu the extreme, and not a few ot
them died from the effects. One
who has the nerve to sit down and
listen to .what they can tell will had
his inspect for the ignorant and
savage Indians increased.
But these were; preparatory les
sons. When Shermaiicut loose from
Atlanta everybody had license to
throw off all restraints and make
Georgia drain the bitter cup.
LOOTING.
In the first place Sherman inten
ded to subsist on the country.
Details were made from every reg
iment to forage. The quartermas
ters and commisaries took in all
live stock, hay, grain, meat, etc.,
and destroyed what they could not
carry off. Then the men who
skulked out of the ranks to forage
on their own account visited the
houses and robbed them of what
ever they fancied. Then the camp
followers appeared to insult and
abuse the helpless, smash furniture,
rip open oeus, oreaK ouc wmuows
and
Wh
1 end by applying the torch.
hen Lee invaded Pennsylvania
his men loragen liberally, and 111
many cases cleaned out stores and
houses, but where is the instance
of an insult to a woman or burning
of a farmhouse? It cannot be
shown that they destroyed what
thev could not remover In scores
of cases Lee guarded farms so rig
idly that not a rail was taken for
fire-wood.
The Federal who wants to learn
what it was to license an army to
become vandals should mount a
horse at Atlanta and follow Sher
man's route for fifty miles, lie
will hear stories from the lips of
women that will make him ashamed
of the Hag which waved over him
as he went into battle. When the
army had passed nothing was left
but a trail of desolation and des
pair. No house escaped robbery,
no woman escaped insult, 110 build
ing escaped the fire-brand except
by some strange interposition.
War may license an army to sub
sist on the enemy, but civilized
warfare stops at live stock, forage
and provisions. It does not enter
the houses of the sick and helpless
and rob the women of finger rings
and carry oft' their clothing.
SHERMAN'S REPORT.
In Sherman's official report of
his march to Savannah he says:
"We have consumed all the forage
on a line of thirty miles front from
Atlanta to Savannah; also, all the
sweet potatoes, cattle, hogs, sheep
and poultry, and have carried
away more than 10,000 horses and
mules. I estimate the damage
done to the State of Georgia at
100,000,000, 80,000,000 of which
is simply waste and destruction."
Does Lee's report of the Pennsyl
vania campaign contain any such
figures ? He had the same right
to plunder, burn and destroy as
Sherman had, and yet he did not
destroy, outside of the town which
Early burned, 200,000 worth of
private property.
The march from Atlanta to Sa
vannah was so little opposed'" that
it was a sort of holiday excursion
to the Federals. He who desired
to let himself loose had only to
leave the ranks. He could rob
and burn and Sherman had no
reproofs. The more he destroyed,
the greater hero he was. While
only 20,000,000 worth of legitimate
plunder could be laid hands on,
these bummers were licensed to
destroy four times that sum ;in
private property, and they accom
plished it in a manner to do credit
to the savages of the West.
M. Quad.
Stocks- and Fntnrrsl
What the South Has Gambled Away in
the Last Ten Years.
A letter of Mr. II. W. Grady in
the Atlanta Constitution contains
the following in regard to what the
South has lost by gambling in cot
ton futures and stocks in the last
few years-
I met Mr. R.O. Barker, of Selnia,
who had been North for the sum
mer. He said: "I have studied
the situation pretty thoroughly,
and do you know what the great of
cur seof the South is f It is specula
ion! I am satisfied that the
Southern people, by speculating in
cotton and stocks, send to the
North from 25,000,000 to 50,000
000 every year perhaps more than
the larger figure. In return for
this they get nothing but ex
perience, which don't seem to do
thein good." I mentioned that Mr.
W. II. Ininan estimated the South
had lost 30,000,000 a year in spec
ulation for the past ten years. "No
doubt of it," responded Mr. Baker
"not a bit. Now suppose this
enormous sum had. been invested
in improvements here instead of
going North to keep brokers in
riotons living? In ten years it
would have stocked every farm in
the South with the best implements
the best, cattle and the best im
provements; or it would have built
fifty cotton factories of 30,000
spindles each in every Southern
State. It wouid have built and
equipped live times as many miles
of railroad as are in Georgia and
Alabama. Thinkofit. A people
that has wasted 300,000,000 in
ten years by betting with outsiders
stocked againt us.
"Is the tendency growing V
"Yes sir, I was informed on this
trip that the Southern people had
never speculated so generally, so
heavily or so unluckily during the
past year. In my own town 1 not ice
that the spirit of speculation is
growing. 1 am constantly aston
ished at finding new men at it. It
is the crying evil of the day, and
if I were a journalist 1 should give
my whole life's work to putting it
down. Suppose you have a busi
ness friend that gambles. You are
in despair about his business. So
if a people gambles there is no sort
of geneal economy or industry tnat
will save them. They will throw
away in a week the savingof a year.
Think of what we could do if it was
not for this terrible drain on our
resources.
I We make 300,000,000 worth of
cotton annually, and !)0,000,000
worth of seed and oil. 80,000 hogs
heads of sugar, rice and tobacco in
; enormous quantities we have our
! coal, and iron, and woods, and are
I now largely raising our own
! provisions and wool. We ship our
'gold, fruits, truck in great quanti
; ties, and yet what progress are we
! making? Where are the fine farm
i boost's, the tine stock, the factories,
barns, shops, etc., that 1 his tremen
dous surplus should give us .' We
see but little of them, because our
gamblingilebt amounts to 30,000,
000 to 50,000,000 a year, and ever
dollar of it goes out of the
country to bring nothing back.
We do n:t appreciate the extent of
thisevil. We see the effect in a peo
ple impoverished that should roll in
wealth, but we do not look
for the cause. It is cotton and
stocks peculation !"
Bits of the History of New
Berne-
We were last on New street, telling
the joke of the Academy boys and the
plums. On the lot adjoining the Aca
demy Green, as before stated, lived for
many years Chief Justice John Louis
Taylor. He was married twice. His
second wife was the only sister of Wil
liam Gaston. In April, 1818, he presid
ed over the Superior Court in Craven for
the last time. Soon thereafter the sys
tem of our courts was changed. The
Supreme Court, by act of the legislature
in the winter of this year was oryan ized
with three judges, elected by the legis
lature John Louis Taylor. Hall and
Henderson. Taylor was made Chief
Justice. A communication in the Sen
tinel of the above date says of hi3 last
charge to the jury in Craven:
"The Superior Court for this county
is now in session; the Hon. John Louis
Taylor. Chief Justice, presides, and
opened the court on Monday last witli
an impressive charge to the Grand Jury,
a charge which for comprehensiveness
of matter, perspecuity of arrangement,
chastity of style and eloquent illustra
tions, may, in our estimation, challenge
a comparison with any production of the
kind with which the public have been
favored. We are among those who are
of opinion that addresses of this charac
ter, when duly prepared, are calculated
to be eminently, useful in a community,
in preventing crimes and promoting
sound morality. In his remarks on the
vices of drunkenness and profane swear
ing, the Judge is peculiarly happy. We
know not the essay of the moraLkt or
the sermon of a divine tliat afforas so
forcible persuasives against those odious
and "destructive propensities."
Judge Taylor afterwards resided in
Raleigh. The Academy about this time
was in a very flourishing condition, as
it had been earlier in its history. The
boys of 1780 and '83, now some of them
eminent citizens, were its trustees, and
their children were its pupils. Many of
their sons, too, afterwards were promi
nent in the political world in fact in
every profession and occupation, while
tneir aaugnters were noted for their
exquisite loveliness, cheerfulness and
accomplishments. In a social point of
view then Newbern was at a high
point, and had an enviable reputation
in the State.
Dr. Freeman was then the Princioal
of the Academy. On Monday, the 31st
beptember, 1818, commenced the semi
annual examination of the students of
Newbern Academy, and terminated on
Thursday.
"it is with great pleasure the trustees
of the institution have it in their power
to state, that out of nearly two hundred
pupils belonging to the Academy not a
single individual was absent by reason
of m imposition,, and .it was a remark
often repeated, with pleasure, by the
numerous spectators, that not one coun
tenance exhibited the paleness of dis
ease." Remarkable, and recollect this too was
the last of August. After a careful ex
amination of the different departments
of the Academy, a long report, in which
every scholar is named, is thus con
cluded :
"The trustees are confirmed by every
examination in the high opinion tliey
had conceived of the Lancastrian sys
tem ot education, b or rapid and easy
diffusion of knowledge, at a diminished
expense, it stands unrivalled by any pre
ceding method of instruction. The pu
pils employed every moment of their
time, kept in habits of order and obe
dience, constantly urged into a laudable
emulation to excel, present one of th 3.
most beautiful and affecting scenes that
can be conceived. The institution owes
much to Mr. Attmore for the zeal and
ability with which he has enabled us to
realize the advantages of the Lancas
trian system.
"The trustees would do injustice to
their own feelings if they closed this re
port without expressing their deep sense
of the obligations which they' and the
community they represent owe to the
zeal of the able Principal, Doctor Free
man; and their satisfaction with the at
tention of the assistant teachers. "
Dr. Freeman, was a Presbyterian min
ister, and previous to the erection of
either the Baptist or Presbyterian
churches' preached for his pupils and
others in the Academy. His piety was
unaffected, and he was beloved for his
gentleness. We recently heard an aged
lady say: "If there ever was a Christian
he was one, and we all loved him so
much." No doubt Dr. Freeman would
value such an expression from an old
pupil of his, if he were now living,
more than he would a statue in brass or
marble. He lived some years in Wash
ington, N. C, where ho also taught
school and where we believe he died.
The Lancastrian system was a ' school
J in one room organized somewhat similar
' to the Graded School in different rooms
we believe. Monitors, scholars of the
I school, most advanced, had supervision
i of the diffen nt classes. There was
j marching and countermarching for
j books, orders to sling slates and take
j slates, swing into seats and out of seats,
! bowing out of school, etc., etc. The
j different classes stood on the floor in
I circles at the same time. The teaching
: in the Lancastrian school was rigid, and
! the benefit of it was felt by every child
; in after life. Many of us can speak
I feelingly on the subject, ami have often
had Mr. Attmore "s left hand to fall upon
j our ears like a clap of thunder from a
clear sky. He sav on the end of a bench
j and kept his hand swinging and the in-
attentive boy near him never knew it
! was coming until it was there. Many
! of these young gentlemen promised
when strength and age would permit to
; pay the faithful old teacher back with
I "compound interest," yet when years
j had passed away they were thankful for
i his discipline and punishment. Mr.
! Attmore kept up his Lancastrian system
; of education in a room in the Academy
! until his death, which occurred about
; thirtj years ago or more.
We have walked now nearly the en
; tire length of New street, and let us by
; the same street return to the Neusc.
; As it seems to be misunderstood I would
here state that Mrs. Eunice Hunt was
! the mother of George Pollock and Mrs.
Thomas Deveraux; they were own bro
ther and sister. After their birth, Mrs.
; Pollock being a widow, she married a
I Mr. Hunt, who was the father of Mrs.
John Burgwyn. Mrs. Burgwyn there-
fore was half sister to George Pollock
ami Mrs. Deveraux. Mrs. H"Unt was not
' an Episcopalian but a Presbyterian, and
j to her memory is a tablet on the walls
: of the Presbyterian church, to which
we nave oeiore anuaeu. iteorge j 01-loi-k
lived for years, when in Newbern,
in the house where now resides Mrs. M.
E. Manly. lb; sold that place and
bought the John Stanly property, which
had before belonged to John Wright
Stanly, his father. There Mr. Polloek
lived for a few years before bis death iu
the house a:: it was in the lit volution .
near the corner of Middle and New
street, the lot extending aloug New
street, on which is the old Stanly office,
to Hancock street. The exterior of the
dwelling has been only slightly altered.
Since its erection, a century ago, a
portico in front has been added on the
last few years, which- may add to the
comfort of thote living in the house, yet
it detracts, we think, from its appear
ance. The piazza was put to the rear of
the houw by the late John Black well
when he owned and lived in it soon
after Pollock's death. It has had sev
eral owners since, and is now the resi
dence of Mrs. C. W. McLean, a proper
guardian for this still stately structure.
It has rooms in it made sacred by the
occupancy ot George Washington, Na
thaniet Greene, and many other emi
nent persons. When Edward Everett
walked bv that hou io ho raised his hat.
i observing, "Once the home of statesmen
I and patriots. "
i We shall allude to this residence again
j in connection with the communication
respecting John Wright Stanly and Capt.
I Davis, from Wilson.
I We have before stated the younger
hpaight s residence, during the most
eventful period of his life, was opposite
the Stanly mansion, and also, on Middle
and New streets on the opposite corner
from the Spaight house too on Middle
ami New street i the Catholic Church.
To the liberality and efforts of William
Gaston is its erection mainly due. lie
did not survive long, however, after it
was finished. Next we come to his
office on New street and a few steps
from it was his dwelling on the corner
of New and Craven streets. Benjamin
Woods, before referred to, owned and
lived in this house previous to Gaston.
The Blackledge house was opposite on
the same streets.
Now we are at the old Bryan tavern
again. The front was north, and in our
time on Short street. It is very evident
no house of th it kind would have been
located on the point of a triangular
shaped lot with its rear on New, the
principal street. Undoubtedly, origi
nally the land of the hotel extended to
Craven street west, and to Neuse Front,
astrf-rontl street, east. It was then
on a creek and after the creek was filled
in those narrow streets. Change, Short
and New, were opened. In 1723, we
find an act increasing the township-of
Newbern to two hundred and fifty acres,
reserving to the owners thereof," the
property of such lots as are already sold
by William Hancock, attorney of Thos.
Pollock, ete., and the rest of the land
not already laid out be forthwith laid
out into lots of half acre each, with con
venient streets and passages, with fronts
belonging to the said lots, eto. Next, in
1740, an act was paesed allowing persons
willing and desirous to be inhabitants
of Newbern to take up any lot or lots so
laid out as aforesaid, and not before
taken up upon the payment of twenty
shillings Confederation monor, with a
pepper corn yearly if demanded, as an
acknowledgment to Cullen Pollock, his
heirs and assigns, forever for each lot.
Provided always, that, the person so
ever shall take up and have convoyed
to him any lot or lots as aforementioned
and shall not build or cause to be built
thereon within eighteen months after
tho date of conveyance, a good and
substantial habitable house not of less
dimentions than twenty feet in length
and fifteen feet wide, without shed,
every such conveyance, shall be void,
etc. We will publish more of these act j
hereafter and tell also what our fathers
paid- for their breakfast and dinner
with grog, toddy or punchi f of a "cold
supper," for a ' bed room aboye stairs"
horse3 kept at livery eto. etc., at the
Bryan tavern, the Fifth Avenue Hotel
in its day. The writer of this was once
in a room in the "old tavern" and wit
nessed with an elder brother the mar
riage, by our father, an Esquire, of a col
ored man of Beaufort, James Ellison, to
Pheabe Green of Newbern. She was a
near relative of the Princess Green,
emancipated with John Caru there Stan
ly. In thoae days the marriage cere
mony generally ended with "Salute your
bride" and the report would follow
nearly equal to the explosion of a charge
in a gun. It was before free people
learned from civilization the christian
spirit of getting clear, at pleasure, of an
objectionable wife or hu. band to try
for "another and better pick." But
then as now , there were some singular
marriages in the land and our fathers
would have their sport respecting them,
for instance, fr ni a Newborn paper,
1808:
Married, near Fort Mitchell, on the
14th of June, Mr. James Hall, aged
twenty-three, to tho amiable and ac
complished Miss Lucy Frisbie. tender
maid of sixty-neve-n !
"If love's a flame that kindled by de
sire, An old stick's surely best because 'tis
dryer. "
Thus all women were not grandmoth
ers at 27, by a bow shot, previous to this
generation.
Now, Messers Editors, as imperfectly
as I have given the history of New street,
3'ou must concur with me in the opinion
that it was almost sacriligibus to change
its name after it was made so famous by
those great men living on it. As long
as Newbern is known their deeds can
not he forgotten. They make a State as
well as a street and town great. Even
more, do they not make a country
great ?
But we have had a long talk, perhaps
too long at the corner of New (Neuse)
street and East Front and must pass on,
yet let us linger to say that not the least
eminent and deserving of honor, among
.those great men who have resided ou
New street, in the estimation of his fel
low citizens, was the last to fall when
ripe for the Reaper. We need not tell
we refer to the late Hon. M. E. Manly,
who at various times had conferred
upon him the highest offices in the gift
of the State of North Carolina. His lst
public service was as Mayor of Newbern.
It was then through his influence the
name of New street was changed to
Neuse street. But with proper regard
to his high position and experience, we
think it was an error. It was breaking
in uou old names, teaching us to (U
s troy old land marks, changing the
guide board of our fathers.
"There is given
Unto things of earth, which time has
bent
A spirit's feeling, and when he hath
lent
His hand, but broke his scythe; there
no power
And magic in the ruined battlement,
For which the palace of the present
hour
Must yield its mmp. and wait until
ages are its dower,"
Whatever Time vouches he hallows.
We pause and linger when we see the
traces of his finger, and New street
brings our fathers before us. Let us
keep their works in view.
Come now, follow the Ncurp with us
to the corner of Change and East Front
streets. On the very spot where stand
the d welling of Mr. Ethelbert llubbs,
was the mansion of Col. Leech. There
he for a generation entertained com
pany with an open hand and geucrous
heart. He was the father of the wife of
he elder Spaight: She was the mother
o( the younger Spaight and of Mra,
John R. Donnell, and the grandmother
of the Hon. It. S. Donnell. R. S. Don
nell had no enemies, and to his friends
his heart was always open and warm.
As a lawyer he was equal to the best in
North Carolina, so said Mr. O. F. Moore,
ami as a parliamentarian he was not
surpassed by any presiding officer evor
in our legislature. He could and would
have been made President of the State
Convention after the war. His feeble
health would not allow it, and Judge
Reade was chosen topreside over its
deliberations. ThefLeech bouse when
erected was on the opposite side of the
creek from Bryan's tavern. We have
heard Mr. William Hancock, who was
a descendant of William Hancock, the
agent of .Thomas Pollock, and father of,
Mr, James' Hancock and Mr. Robert
Hancock, now in Newbern, often relate
how he would come from his father's
residence on the Lion Pasture plantation
on Trent river, six or eight miles above
this place, on his horse at night to par
ticipate in the dances at the residence
of Col. Leech. At the' Bryan tavern he
would change his d rem for a ball milt,
which he brought with him tied up ia a
hand kerchief . After the dance, return -ing
before, day, and getting his father's
praises for industry iand . such early
rising. The Leech mansion only, had
four rooms in it, two very large 'ones
and two quite small. " The Colonel was
fond of company, , and never better
pleased than when surrounded with
visitors. The sideboard with the inevi
table) punch was in the entry, and every
visitor had free access to it, though,
strange to say, no such thing as mania a
potu was then known. Punch at that time
seemed to redden the noee and "put a
spur in the heel" and keep out of . the
brain. But are we playing our part as
well as our fathers, punch or 00 punch,
dance or no dance? The com rag gene
ration must answer? 1
Turning from this house and looking
east we find before us a large cypress
tree. Now on the land of the Hon. C.
R. Thomas. It was originally the pro
per iy of the Spaights. Some of the ear
lier members of tho family -were there
where the remains of an -old wharf can
sometimes, at low water,' still be seen,
engaged in mercantile business. ' His
torians of the State fix the building of
the first vessel in North Ptmlint in
Newbern and it was under that tree, so
saia our iainers living to the Revolution
who received the information from their
fathers, and we think- it cxn ha irn
truth. - ':-.
"Stern dweller" of the shore, 1
Two centuries thou cans't count,
And perhaps as many more.
This -tree is on the margin of the
Neuse. with its Imnulitir rroal liftjwl nn
above tho elms and cedars on the street
west of it. it stands alone and ' erect,
clear of treason and crime. No more
blood can cry out against it.. -The tears
of the widow and the hunger, of the
orphan it never . caused under the
shadow of its bousrhs. amid the thunilon
Of the Revolution: whnn irlnnm nnA
darkness seemed to-be noirclfng the
American army Nathaniel Greene stood
the friend and associate of the elder
Spaight it was then Spaight's treeJ We
can emagine Greene there almost in des
pair, his army half famished, half naked,'
he doubtful, it may have been of the
success of the patriots cause. lie turns
now to John - Wright Stanly, Greene is
his guest asks him to give and it is
freely given. Money loaned and never
returned. With interest it would be
millions after the lapse of a century.
The pitchy cloud ju3t before bo threat
ening, is nartiallr. at InAt Aian
Greene returned to his army with lighter.
new 1, ttuu uarnes joy , to nis men and
their suffering families: .
Some years pass by, the smoke of the
war rises, the echo of the . last gun is
hushed in the distance, liberty As as
sured, our country is free. George
wasiungion sianus beside that old tree;
a dumb sentinel on the shore, it is; and
it tells no secrets. Trusted before, it is
now trusted by the great Captain of
captains. Washington is the guest, too,
of John Wright Stanly, Spaight their
friend and associate is with theml He
is importuned to aid in uniting States in
the union of States, destined it seems, to
make the grandest and most powerful
nation the world has yet known, c
We have beforo shown John Wright
Stanly was after the war the associate
of Caswell, of Leech, of Nash, of
Spaight, heroes and statesmen.
What think you of such a man in such
COmnanv with such friAiwIa wKn Kn,l
cowardly succumbed to the threats of
his captors who for his liberty or his
life had basely turned against his coun
trymen V Would it not be reversing the
accepted adage, that a man is known by
the company he keep, and prove that a
man is not known by the company he
keeps?
In our next communication we think
we can convince "H. R. S." whose ad
mirably told story makes us wish that
he would write more of them for the
Journal, and that he could assume our
task in giving the Bits of the History of
Newbern, we say we think we can con
vince him that he must have located his
hero in the wrong place. D.
Polities In Onslow.
Politics and politicians are the topics
of conversation in Onslow at present,
and the Democracy is gaining strength
every day. There is no man who has
done, or is now trying to do, more to
bring harmony in the Democratic ranks
than Hon. J. W. Shackelford. His
speeches which lie has been making in
behalf of Col. Greene has put the trood
men of the county to thinking, and con
sequently the people will soon begin to
organize.
1 hear that Mr. Shackelford is going
to canvass a portion of the 3d district.
If he does, there is a rich treat in store
for all who will go out to hear him.
His speeches are eloquent and effective.
The candidates for the different offices
in the gift of the ieople of the county
are numerous; aud still they come.
Oh, blessed is he that wanteth not an
office ! For surely he shall miss many
an anxiety.
Nono of the county candidates have
commenced can vassing yet, except those
running for the Legislature; and they
have been having a hot time of it. Dr.
Cyrus Thompson, the Democratic nomi
nee, is gaining strength every time he
speaks; aud it is predicted that J. 11.
Foy will soon quit the field and leave
the contest between Dr. Thompson and
Mr. Gilman, the Republican candidate.
There is a great deal of water on the
ground at present. Cotton has been in
jured, and fodder thaf was pulled last
week is ruined. Ehi.
I''lrt Bale In New York.
We copy the following from the New
York Juunal of Commerce:
New Cotton. Tlie first bale of North
Carolina cottou was received here yes
terday by Messrs. Rountree Sk Co. It
was shipped to them by Mr. A. II.
Green, of Wilmington, N. C. Mr. A.
J. Disney purchased the bale at auction
io front ot the Cotton Exchange at 161
cents per pound.
in
Jirotiklin f.'ujlt .
Thls,'aUl Mr. Pi 5 c r
gazed around 00 Lis new a t
six acres thi, my dear, U !...! 1
always wanted, -A farm ii l a I., r
life are the highways to happlm
Spoopeudyke, doq't you think t'
: 'It s perfectly lovely, tvlo'itu -l "
HHMpeud.vke. . I was born ou n '
and was always healthy, Okxi. 'i 1
to go giMHi ways for-water.'
; TH tlx Hint. my dear. r.-tui iu-1 :
SiKopcndykey TH Ihui ' l!.e t
Now, where are my agricultural r ,
I mut plant risrht wrt' II we an- .
to have crop, and When ttu 'nc 1
We'll take them to market
'1 See tliu reiMtrt says v'!ii inu t
your hen cltopped turnip once iu a l. .
said lrs. Hpoopundyke,-. utu; i
thumb 00 the paragraph.
'Lither that or cabbage,' returned I
lUsband. 'I dou't know w Lrl!, r v
have cabbages enough,' he ecu,: '-.i
musingly.
You might Itave less buck wht -j.t.'
gested Mrs. 8pooK'ndyfce 1 rf.
think, though, that two acre h w
enough lor one henl aud if it i, '
can buy a load uow and tin 11 I
oeighbors. ...
TH thiuk that over .'repli.-1 .'
endyke. 'Here's one th'u j
don't understand.. It says w f r
a few seed before planting t, i..
they will germinate, but it don't f
to do it.' .
'Maybe it meaus to bod th;.i,'
gested Mm. Hpoopendyke ; 'or
you . .
Oh, perhaite you "think It m
crack 'em with an ax to kcc if t
hard I I s'pose you've got fui i " .
stick straws into 'em to sic i; ;
done 1 Well, vou don't you j s .
em. I'll get some acid and !i, ... '. ,
anu 11 11 otscoiors 'em they're 1
and if it dou't they're id I rihi.
we ouirht to have Some weevd
1 1
I dou't know where you're -U
plant it,' saul Airs. Kpoopeiuh -,"
! it will grow with buck a U, it r' ,
num. Xou can't put it iu l . , .
uatftt, because the inir and ' h u ,
light.' " ..
Don't you kuow what u ervd ! .'
itiauded Air; Spoojtcndj ke, l.trili ; ict '
wiie. Uoi a uotiou U'a v
weed for the pig to nuiokc. haven't
Imagine its gUfc-ede uote jviiji ,,
mouograiu :or him to write '1
well, it isn't a swallow-tad cmt (1
dug hut tor him to go to t tiuu h
ueitliei! Vou dou't plant weevif, ;
SlKwpeiidyke, any more than yu
soup, orciotiiea-ptus, or stair-rod, y
Duy 11 iu UutcIs, aud I'll order m.m,
i U1111K we ou:t,t to tiuvc B.M.u u
curtaius lor lite trout window,'
ed Mra. SpMopeudyke, nuxiou u ,
the conversation.
es, and w want a ibldin r i 1
for the t ow, and we've got to Uve a 1
arm-chair lor the pig,-mid JYi uu.
those ctthbagcs Wou'l do wiU.n t a v
nurse !' squealed Mr. Spooi u j ;..'
suppose I've got Ij hire at m.iu t.., ,
that the meadow don't go lihliin 1
days aud upset your reliiuiii ii,,
O I you're u fanner's wile, you 1,, t ! l j
had time to write an Index to , . ,
get some dolantcd blaJer t, tit yen ,
with k fly-leaf, you'd niaku a w !
agricultural reporll' .
Aud Mr. bpjopcudykti shot hitj 1
house and to tied, while his wife, f , .
put all the oil lumps into bu , ,
water so they couldn't xphkl ii,t:
the night, tell asleep dreams j-1' t 1
cabbage patch had elojied , : t
onions, while the cow and t'.e. j I
died of weevil, aud-the wind. m i" I
abandoned agricultural ' ihji UiH u
started otf; through Oina pm,!..:
the Gospel. .'.'". , . i
The Minister Ceud u Woadcr.
. Apropos of the Egyptian trouble, w.
wish to relate a little story, the circum
stances of Which occurred during or
np tdthe Holy Lin I several yjv or
more ago, .t . i ' . ; .' f t
lie was 11 devout Christian, and !
the study of the Jiiblc and a piv
understanding of the ; liig JJook I
highest aui m life. : 4
, When he arrived at the Sea of Gsl.l
his heart was filled .with iwf, and 1
felt enervated and cleansed by t
thought that lie was taring ou t!e very
pot where his Savior once stood.
Approaching the boatman,' ha a !
dressed him iu his choievwt A ruble, ar. !
with llible and commentary Iu hau l
awaited ail answer; 4 1 "''
Ah! what 'smaller 'Ih Vcr? Why don't
yer talk United States?' asked the u.t ,
contemptuously,' He was a 'nul l u
Yankee who was picking up a 'living I v
terrying tourists across the sea. .
So this is the Sea of Galilee,' devout y
murmured the searcher after knowhtd
Ya-a-s.'
'Ajid this is where our Savior walkc ,
upon the water?' - -,
Ya-V . . '.,.V';r.V
'How much will you cliare to tak
me to the exact spot?' '- ' .
. Wa-al, you look like ft clergyman,
an I won't chnrge you nothinV '
The devout one boarded Uti boat, an I
at last was pointed put ; where tl
mirac le is said to have occurred. A fin
gazing at the waters, and dividing ,U
time between glances at his books and
devout ejaculations of satisfaction, the
searcher signified ids willingness to re
turn. - ' " ;
Charge you $20 to take you back,'
said the speculative Yankee. ,
'But you said you would charr
nothing.' ' . . i
Naw, didn'l, Nothlo to brini yon
out. Twenty to git back.' ' :
'And do you charge everybody 2( to
take them back?' asked the aloniahe 1
searcher. '". '
' Ya-a-B. That' s abeout the' figger. '
Wall, theu, ald the devout oue, a
he went down into his clothes, 'uo won
der our Savior got out and: walked.
New York dispatch,. ., , . ,. , n a
A Tticlluru Traveler. !
A cood storv is told in the TiiIca .r
the Time' iu the . September ' Centu?y,
illustrative 01 tost armor ot reserve with
which manv travelers think It'nwMwi..-
to invest tliemselves. ; It is ofa country -
man of ours who. having crossed the
Atlantic urltli n i a im.m.i. . r.......
beginning to the end of the voyage jUli
not addressed to him one word, parte I
from him saying airily: Well, ood-lj t !
YouwiUoow preceed, 1 suppose, 1,
your home at the -Deaf aud Dun.
Asylum!" . ' v- '
Bpoopendy kfl u.i 11 I
    

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