The Hoke County Journal
VOLUME XXXIX NO 49
u.-vl Mivi IS. C. THURSDAY, MAY 10th, 1945
$2.00 PER YEAR
11 ti e
The Hoke County News
news or OUR
WITH THE 35TH INFANTRY DIV-
ISION IN GERMANY. After a
miniature, close range fire fight that
occurtd intermittently all during the
night, a squad of doughboys from
Company I, 320th Infantry Regiment
finally rounded up and captured 19
German soldiers, as dawn was break-
in g'J-.t next 'morning. qualified in the primary last month.
"It was an eerie situation," squad in. B. Sinclair, a member of the pres
members said. "We were billeted in a enj board who did not offer for re
old house and 20 feet across the election, received 3 mark-ins, and
alley was a barn which we had just m. C. Dew and H. A. Greene each
previously checked and found OK. received one vote.
One cl our boys had to report to the Mayor N. L. McFadyen and Corn
CP, ar.d stepping out the door he missioners Milton Campbell, N. A.
was greeted with a volley of shots. McDonald, A. V. Sanders, and L. W.
He daihed' back in again unharmed, j Stanton, each received 35 votes. There
It was pitch dark and we couldn't were no scratches and all voters
tell what was what.
"Frcm the cover of our building
we fi:ed a faw rounds in the direc
tion of the barn. The fire was re
turned and this kept up spasmodi
cally all night.
"Finally, we sent a man for help.
With -.he aid of the first platoon and
a TD we routed the Jerries out. They
were equipped with all types of arms
including bazookas. Apparently they
had sr.eaked in on the other side of
the b,-:rn shortly after we had check-
Among members of the squad were:
Pfc. Kenneth Havre of Raeford; Pfc.
HenrT Height. Lumberton: and Pfc.
Clyde W. Hugginj of Fain.ront.
Sgt. William M. Davis With
WITH A 12TH AAF B-25 MIT
CHELL BOMB GROUP IN THE ME
DITHRRANEAN THEATRE. (de
fcyed). Sgt. Williahm M. Davis, 22,
of Rr?ford, N. C, has been assigned
as a tadio operator gunner with the
340th Bombardment group of the 12th
The Raeford radio operator is tak
ng his place in a Mitchell unit now
engaped in aiding the American 5th
and British 8th armies batter the
last Nazi strongholds in northern
Italy. This bomb group has a two
year combat history of close support
operations for three major Allied ar
mies in. the Mediterranean theater.
Mrs. E. T. Davis, mother of Sgt.
Davi.',. lives at Raeford
j . - : i tun nrmv !n .Tannarv
1. " ... " ' . ;,T'T ;i
1SHJ, gl. lAiVis w "
Lmusfcurg, N. C, College.
Raymond Bottoms, MOMM 2-c, who
kas been stationed at Norfolk, Va.,
for some time, returned to his base
Sunday, after spending a ten day
leava at home.
.' . k.,w rvj nolmar!
word that her 'pother CoLDetaar
Spiwy, who has been a prisoner In
Gerwiany since August 12, 1943, was
liberated last week and is now on
his way home. Col. Spivey was sen
ior otficer and spokesman for about
ten UiousansJ American and British
officers at Stalag III A.
Ensign Walter Barrington left Sun
day morning enroute to the Pacific.
His wife accompanied him as far
aas Washington, D. C, where they
will visit Mr. and Mrs. E. C. Bar-
LrSlbr a'!fo that German pHsoners working
few days. Mrs. Bamngtonj will re
turn U Raeford within a few days.,
Major Graham G. Dickson is now
hostalized at Denver Colorado. His
address is C-2 Fitzsimmons oenerai
Hospital, Denver 8, Colorado.
The library schedule is, Monday
through Saturday, open 10:30 to 6:00.
Closed from 12:00 until 1:00 for lunch.
May 6-13 is National Music WeeK.
We have on display in the library
the following books pertaining to
Music For Millions, by Ewen; Your
Career in Music, Johnson; Storylives
of American Composers, Bakeless;
Curtain Calls for Franz Schubert,
Wheeler; Stormy Victory Story of
TchaAovsky, Purdy; Lead a Song,
Wilson; Great Musicians As Children,
Schwimmer; Victor Book of the Ope
ra, and Victor Book of Symphony.
The library has recently received
three timely pamphlets concerning the
Dumbarton Oaks conference. A chart
.of the United Nations as proposed at
Dumbarton Oaks is also on display
in the library.
Gunts in the home of Mr. and
Mrs. T. F. Culbreth for dinner Sun
day were Mr. and Mrs. Fairley Ray
and Miss Flora Ray of Wagram and
Mr. and Mrs. Graham Culbreth and
son, Tom, of Hamlet.
Carl Morris Gets
Votes For Board
Enough In Town Politics To
Go To Polls.
Thirty-five voters went to the polls
; jn Raeford Monday, despite the early
' radio reports of Victory in Europe,
and cast ballots for Mayor and Com
missioners in the town election.
Carl 'Morris, former mayor, was
"marked-in" for the- fifth place in
the commission for which no one had
cast ballots for a fifth commissioner
whose names they wrote-in.
(By D. Scott Poole)
"In ten years, the world will ot
know Germany," so said Adolph Hit-
ler in 1938. From the news we read,
Hitler was right, for once. Bjrlin,
once one of the most beautiful cities
in the world, lies in rubble. It is
said the Russians have dynamited
the city, building by building.
It takes sensible people to s'and
prosperity. Prosperity is a greiter
trial than most persons know. We
have lived in a ge'-rich period, and
we know the harm wealth brings, to
simple people. However, wealth
exists in several forms. The great
est riches are the riches of the soul-
I still feel vexed when I remembPr
I spent the earning period of my life
during times in which it took all a
man could do to make enough to
keep soul and body together. Had
I had the chance the average day
laborer gets for a short time today,
I might have spent most of my 5e
on easy street. I did not accumulate
wealth, but I was strong, healthy
and enjoyed life to the fullest.
Germany's Nazism is about as good
as Russia's brand of Communism.
There is little difference in the doc-
-,,. T. Jc , fho ministration nf
H.r..v ,ho tpnh, rnmps
Neither brand of this Facism can
ever be seperated from organized and
Democracy cares for the rights of
others when it considers its own. I
jam puzzled as to how to separate
Communism, Facism and Nazism,
once a Communist, and had so lived
and poisoned other minds. But the
Nazis strapped him to a table, stood
it on end and whipped him across
the face with a heavy water-soaked
rawhide whip until they thought he
was dead, then tossed him on a trash
pile. But he rallied, left Germany
and came to America to expose their
A writer in the Fayetteville Ob
server open forum said a few days
several .miles from their lodging, were
sent hot lunches, beef steak and. etc.
'That may be an exaggeration, but I
am glad the United States War De
partment does not retaliate. As they
receiving her dues. As they have
have sown they are now reaping.
I did not think England appreciated
the help our country gave that coun
try in World War I. And I question
whether either England or Russia
appreciate the help Lend-Lease has
been to them. From the news we
hav read, neither England nor France
have done what they should have
done since this invasion was started
This country has furnished all of
them much food stuff. I think that
was right. If they had the good
judgment they should have, they
would see that 'soundness of Ameri
can Democracy. No other form of
government could have enabled our
country to be such a friend.
People used to assist the poor and
sick more than they do now, it seems
to me. While I worked turpentine"
for a living. I harf little to do in win
ter time. One winter I repaired the
roof on an invalid's barn, then cleared
two acres of land, cut and split a
thousand ( rails in three weeks.
It is apparent that had not the
United States assisted both F.ng1and
and Russia. Germany would have
conquered boh countries, and then
tcked this country. It is evident
dreamed of being a world
President H. G. Bedinger has an
nounced the commencement program
for 1945 at Flora Macdonald college
as follows: Rev. John McSween, D.
D.. of Montreat former Dresident of
Presbyterian Colleg.e will preach the
sermon on Sunday
morning, May 27, at 11:15. Dr.
McSween will also conduct the com
mencement vesper dedication service,
sponsored by the student Christian
Association, at 8:15 Sunday evening.
Monday evening, May 28, students
of the conservatory of music will be
presented in the annual commence
ment concert, and on Tuesday morn
ing. May 20, the Hon. Gregg Cherry,
governor of North Carolina, will de-
liver the address to the graduating
class, when fifty-five seniors will
Though barred of news privileges,
Edward Kennedy, European AP chief,
broke the story of Germany's sur
render in au'hentie detail and the
story America heard over its radios
Monday morning and soon read in
special editions of its papers was
The Kennedy account of the sign
ing of the surrender papers in the
big red school house at Reims,
France, which was phoned from Paris
to London and cabled o tAmerica,
was ps follows:
BV EDWARD KENNEDY
I REIMS, France, May 7. Germany
; surrendered unconditionally to the
'western Allies and Russia at 2:U a
I m. French time. (This was 8:41 n. m
eastern war time Sunday.)
The sir render took place at a little
red school house which is the head
quarters of General Eisenhower.
The surrender which brought war
in Europe to a formal end after;
five years, eight .months, and six
days of bloodshed and destruction
was signed for Germany by Col. Gen.
Jodl is the new chief of staff of
the German Army.
It was signed for the suorem Al
lied command by Lieut. Gen. Walter
Bedell Smith, chief of staff for Gen
It -was also signed by Gen. Ivan
SusloparoHf for Russia and by Gen.
Francois Sevez for France. '
General Eisenhower was not pres
ent at the signing, but immediately
afterward Jodl and his fellow dele
gate Gen. Admiral Hans Georg Frie
deburg, were received by the supreme
They were asked sternly if they
understood the surrender terms im
posed upon Germany and if they
would be carrier out by Germany.
They answered yes.
Germany, which began the war
with a ruthless attack upon Poland,
followed bv successive aggressions
and brutality in internment camms
urrencered with an appeal to the
victors for mercy toward the Ger
man people and armed" forces.
After signing the full surrender.
Jodl said he wanted to speak and
was given leave to do so.
"With this signature." he said in
soft-spoken German, "the Gettnan
people and armed forces are for
better or worse delivered into the
"In this war, which has lasted more
than five year, both have achieved
and suffered more than perhaps any
other people in the world."
The story above was not con
firmed by SHAEF nor any official
Allied' sources for some hours, and the
AP and Edward Kennedy were de
prived of their filing privileges al
most immediately after the story
was released in America. No further
explanations or details could be ob
tained. Details released Tuesday
confirmed Kennedy's story complete-
WASHINGTON, May 7. OPA to
day banned the retail of loose cigar
ettes, putting distribution on a full
package or nothing basis.
Since the beginning of the current
shortage some retailers have cur
tailed package sales, offering instead
individual cigarettes, usually at 1
This. OPA, has resulted in "un
necessarily high" prices.
ruler, and had a cruel tyrant with
it. But Hitler, no longer a dreamer,
I fear is in hiding somewhere.
I can see a great improvement in
the farming in Hoke, and the manu
facturing, except lu-pber has made
progrt ss. Raeford Cotton Mills, now
Edinburgh Mills, was in operation,
but Hoke Oil and its attendant branch
Storage company, have been built,
And, the stores now have no re-
semblance of those I found here.
Proclaims May 13
Day Of Prayer
War Declared At End In Brief
Radio Address Tuesday; Chur-
chill Speaks But Stalin Silent.
In a brief radio address Tuesday!
morning at 9 o'clock, President Harry
S. Truman declared the war in Europe
to have ended with complete and
unconditional surrender of Ger
The President did not name Tues-
day as V-E Day, but instead called
upon the people of the nation to join
together on Sunday, May 13, in a
; day of prayer and thanksgiving. Next
Sunday is Mother's Day, an4, its ob
servance will have been given an
even deeper meaning by its also be
ing designated as the official day of
prayer for those mothers' sons who
have made the supreme sacrifice dur
ing the last five years of war.
The text of the proclamation fol
lows: By the President of the United
States of America.
The Allied armies, through sac
rifice and devotion and with God's
help, have won frcJ.n Germany a fi
nal and unconditional surrender The
western world has been freM nf the
evil forces which for five years and
longer have imprisoned the bodies I She is the wif; of Dr. P. P. Mc
and broken the lives of millions upon Cain, superintendent and medical di
millions of freeborn men. They j rector of the North Carolina Sana
have violated their churches, destroy- torium for Tuberculosis. Mrs. Me
ed their homes, corrupted their chil-Cain is a teacher and deaconess of
dren, and murdered, their loved ones, j the Presbyterian church, regent of a
Our armies of liberation have restored j D.A.R. chapter, treasurer of the North
freedom to thes; suffering peoples,
whose spirit and will the oppressors
could never enslave.
Much remains to be done. The
victory won in the west must now.oonns ana stamps, memper oi
b- won in the east. The whole world
mils' be cleansed of the evil fron
which half the world has been freed.
United, the peace loving nations have
demonstrated in the west that their
arms are stronger by far than the
might of dictators or the tyranny
of military cliques that once called
us soft and weak. The power of
our peoples to defend themselves
against all enemies will be proved in
jthe Pacific as it has been proved in
For the triumph of spirit and of
arms which we have won, and for
its promise to peoples everywhere
who ioin us in the love of freedom,
it is fitting that we, as a nation, give
thanks to Almighty God, who has
strenghened us and given us the vic
Now. therefore. I. Harry S. Tru
man, president of the. United States
of Alxerica, do hereby appoint Sun
day, May 13, 1945, to be a day of
I call upon the people of the United
States, whatever their faith, to unite
in offering joyful thanks to God for
the victory we have won and to pray
.that he will support us to the end
of our present struggle and guide us
into the way of peace.
I also call upon my countrymen to
dedicate this day of prayer to the
memory of those who have given
their lives to make possible our vic
tory. In witness whereof, I have here
unto set my hand and caused the seal
of the United States of America to
Done at the city of Washington this
eighth day of May, in the yea
of our Lord 145, and of the inde
pendence of the United States of
America the 169th.
Harry S. Truman.
Mrs. Mary Helton, who has been
very ill, is improving and is in Black
Mountain with her sister, Mrs. How
Miss Mary Grey Helton of Mars
Hill college is a member of the
Girls Choir there. She is a junior
and is ir.ajoring in music. She is the
daughter of Mrs. Mary Helton of
Mrs. W. L. Poole spent Saturday
in Greensboro. Mrs. Alfred Cole and
Mrs. Neill A. McDonald, Jr.. went
with Mrs. Poole to Greensboro and
stayed until Sunday afternoon. Mrs.
Cole visited her daughter at WCUNC
and Mrs. McDonald spent the time
with her sister, Mrs. Bishop.
Mrs. Jack Morris and Miss Bobby
MayCeld of the school faculty spent
the week end at Meredith college.
They went especially to attend May
Day exercises at Meredith which were
given Saturday afternoon. Miss May
field is an alumna of Meredith.
Mr. and Mrs. Harry Greene and
little daughter, Frances Ward, are
spending this week in Swansboro.
Mr. Greene will be in Wilmington
part of the time on business.
Vk :0ver Germany Proclaimed By
Leaders Of United Nations Tuesday
. MrS. P. P. McCaHl
Nx. k ofino
Mother For 1945
Mrs. P. P. McCain of Sanatorium,
has been selected the ideal, typical
Mother of North Carolina for 1945.
The announcement was made by John
Harden, secretary to Governor R.
Gregg Cherry. The committee mak
ing the selection was designated by
the governor and worked in coopera
tion with the American Mothers com
mittee of the Golden Rule founda
tion. Mrs. McCain, age :. 52, was born
at Asheville and educated at Ashe
ville Women's college, holding a B.
S. degree. She is the mother of five
afB "jf inej 3.1K Caqx ua.rp.iruD
23, of the Air corps, who has been
reported missing in action; Sarah,
age 26, married; Irene, 21, who is
in Medical school; John, age 18, who
volunteered for the navy; and Jane,
age 16, a high school student, living
I at home and enjoying her horse and
.other of the McCain pets.
Carolina Garden club, member of the
j board of trustees of the Univers'ty
nt isortn Carolina, county cnairman
, of USO and district director for War
State Federation of Women's clubs,
and active in many other organiza
tions. She lives the busy life of a
doctor's wife and her home is one of
the happiest spots in North Carolina
according to her friends
Mrs. McCain will receive the ci
tation award and title, "North Caro
lina Mother for 1945." Presentation
will be made during ceremonies in
connection with Mother's day acti
In European War
The European war ended after
2,076 days. Principal dates in the
Sopt. 1 1938 Germans invade Po -
Sept. 3. Britain and Fra-nce de-
April 9, 1940 Germans invade
May 10 Hitler invades low coun
May 31 British rescued from Dun-
June 10 Italy declares war on
June 22 Petain government signs
armistice with Germany.
August 8 Lufwaffe begins air
'blitz" on England.
June 22, 1941 Germans invade
Dec. 7 Japanese attack Pearl Har
bor. Dec. 11 Germany, Italy, declare
war on United States.
Nov. 2, 1942 British shatter Ger
man line at El Alamein in Egypt.
Nov. 8 Allied Armies under Eisen
hower landed in North Africa.
Fob. 2, 1943 Russians win at Sta
lingrad, in war-turning point.
May 13 Tunisian campaign ends.
July 10 Allies invade Sicily.
Sept. 3 Italy surrenders uncon
ditionally. Invasion begins.
June 6, 1944 Allies land in Nor
mandy. Aug. 15 Allied armies invade sou
Aug. 25 Paris liberated.
Sept. 12 U. S. 1st army crosses
Dec. 16 Germans launch great
March 7, 1945 Rhine crossed at
March 24 BritishAmerican forces
drive over Rhine.
April 25 US.-Soviet troops link
May 2 Berlin falls.
May 7 German capitulates uncon
ditionally, after surrenders in norfh
en Italy, part of Austria, Denmark,
Holland, and north-west Germany.
Mrs. J. W. McLauchlin and Mr.
and Mrs. Archie Stevens attended
the funeral of Mr. Christopher Mon
roe at Mt. Horeb church in Bladen
county Tuesday afternoon. Mr. Mon
roe was a brother-in-law of Mr. Ste
Mrs. J. O. Veaey of Timberland,
who has been critically ill since Sat
urday, is improving.
(Three Million Troops To Leave
Europe For Home Or For
Pacific War Areas Within
The war with Germany was pro
claimed at an end at 6:01 p. m. EWT
Tuesday (12:01 Berlin tmie) when
the surrender was formally signed by
Nazi military leaders and witnessed
by high ranking officers of the forces
of the United Nations.
Yesterday General Groos of the US
Army transportation corps outlined
a plan for the return of some three
million American troops to this coun
try during the coming year. Some
of these men will be discharged and'
others will be given training for the
battle against Japan. An occupation
force of about 400,000 will remain
in Europe until such time as the
United Nations consider the security
of the liberated and conquered na
tions can be maintained by their own
Wounded men and those who have
been liberated from the prison camps
of the Germans will be given top
priority on travel towards ho:re the
army has stated, and these will be
arriving by the first available air
and sea ships. It is expected that men
from the European and Mediteran
nean areas will move at the rate of
about 300.000 per month and that
those from the two Carolinas will be
brought to the re-distribution cen
ter at Fort Bragg, to be given fur
loughs or their permanent releases.
Furloughed men will spend their
leaves at home and then return to
Fort Bragg for re-assignment ar.d
ARMY HEADQUARTERS, Pacific
Ocean Areas, .May 7. The United
States will have "a sizeable force" of
anmy troops in the Pacific within
three to four months after V-E-day
to speed realization of V-J day, says
Lt. Gen. Robert C. Richardson, Jr.,
troops will be shifted into the Pa
cific Ocean areas.
In an interview the general de
clined to say specifically how many
troops wlil be shifted into the Pa
cific by next fall for use by Gen.
Douglas MacArthur, chief of the
army's "on to Tokyo" forces."
However house military committee
members in Washington have dis-
1 closed that tentative army plans are
1 to send 6,000,000 picked troops a-
j gainst Nippon, indicating the tremen-
dous scope of operations to come.
"It is the policy of the war de
partment," said the general, "to pro
secute the war against Japan with
utmost celerity," implying there will
be no letdown whatever in the Paci
fic as a consequence of victory over
"With the end of the war in Europe
we hope to have enough shipping,
although we will never have suffici
ent," the general added. "Our power
is growing all the time while theirs
(Japan) is weakening.
"Japan must see the inevitability
The Allies in the Pacific probably
wiill not need as many troops as
were thrown against Germany, Rich
ardson said, and those coming over
from Europe won't! require any
special indoctrination for fighting the
"Japan is like Europe." General
Richardson observed, "in that it Is
civilized and not full of jungles. It
has roads, telephones and cities just
as Europe has."
New Names For
Hoke Honor Roll
Currie, Robert W.
Davidson, Jaimes Roland
Watson, George Floyd.
Locklear, Willie Foster
Jones, Mallie Thomas
McDonald, John Wesley
McGougan, Johnnie B.
Deberry, Alton Winseylow
Steele, Richard Murray
McGougan, Lacy T.
Breeding trials have shown that
through the use of inbreeding, the
rate of attaining genetic purity in
farm animals can be increased 8 to.
10 times, without unfavorable effects
from the inbreeding, when selection
are carefully made.