J. F. HENDREN
$1.00 A YEAR
ELKIN, N. C., THURSDAY. SEPT 6,1894.
^ The Italian Government has (Jeter.
IJninerl to banish all convicted anarch-
'ists to an island in the Red Sea, where
^ome are already confined.
^ AftWrift'^ives this eountryfliBf%1j}Wi
l&eoii in dealing with waste lands,'
declares the New York Dispatoh.|
Prizes are given to, farmers to en
courage them to recover waste lands
Bnd lay thera down as pasturage, and
^Iso to erect &ielters or stables for'
cows in high altitudes. The import
ance of this may be seen from the
statement that one quarter of the total
fodder required for cattle and horses
in the Empire i« derived from Alpine
districts. Some such policy might be
tried with excellent results through
out the waste places in tho HigUUuJs,
ELKi Mi CO.
iJIfilJ mm COTTON YARNS, WARPS,
TWniES, KNITTING COTTONS,
m. J. M. BEEGE
ELKIN, N. C.—
PHYSICIAN and SURGEON.
Office at residenas
ATTOENEY AT LAW.
ELKIN, IT. C.
Practices in the State and Federal Courts
a-ncl collects t'laims. Insurance placed in
etandard Companies upon Liberal terms.
DR. R. W. REECE,
ELKIN, N. 0.
After January 1st 1894. I will
travel from the 1st to the 15th of
each month, after that time will
be in my office in Elkin ready to
do all kinds of'Dental work.
The Charlotte Observer
DAILY & WEEKLY
CAiX)?rEi,L & TnoMPKiNs, Publishers.
J. P. Cat.uwell, Editor
R.K 6 Mont
I 3 “
RX 6 I
M Year, ffi.OO
DAILY Observer, 6 Months
I Year, $1.C0
WEEKLY OBSKrtVKRX 6 Months .">.
Full Telegraphic service, anil Jurge corp.s
Best adverti-:=lng medium l-.Hween wa.sblD-i
Son, i>. C , and .Atlanta, G. A.
ClIAin.OTTK. N C
W. L. Douglas
IS THE BEST.
^ fgWEM NO SQUEAKING
" ^ SEND FOR CATALOGUE
You can save money by ptirchasine W. L,
Because, we are the largest manufacturers of
advertised shoes in the world, and guarantee
the value by stamping the name and price on
the bottom, which protects you against high
•prices and the middleuiau’s profits. Our shoes
equal custom work in style, easy fitting and
wearing qualities. We have them sold every-
■\vhere at lower prices for the value given than
any other make. Take no substitute. If your
dealer cannot supply you, we can. Sold by
Ap;eu!s Waa id Ai>ply nt oncd.
^CAVtAI 0,1 n/iut MAKKSaV
CAN I OI5TA1N A PATENT ? For a
Srorapt answer and un honest opinion, write to
lUNN A: CO.. who have had nearly fifty years'
experience in the patent business. Communica
tions strictiy confidential. A llaii<ibook of In
formation conceriiirifr Patciits< and how to ob
tain thum sent free. Also a catalogue of mechan
ical and seiontific books sent free.
Patents taken throujrh Muim & Co. receive
epecial iioticein the S<riontilic Ainpricaii, and
thus are broutrht widely before the public with
out coat to the inventor. This splendid paper,
issued weekly, elegantly illustrated, has by far the
larjrest circulation of any scientific work in tho
world. S3 a year, yainnlo copies sent free.
Bulldinc F.dition, moutiily, $‘2.50 a yenr. Single
copies, *i5 cents, l^vory inimber contains beau
tiful plates, m colors, and pbotopraphs of new
houses, with plans, enabling builders to show the
latest designs and secure contracts. Address
MUWN & CO., Mlw Yquk, a<il Broadway.
11 Caveats, and Trade-Marks obtained, and all Pat-
Jient business conducted for Moderate Fees.
Our Office is Opposite U. S. patent Office
and we can secure patent in less time than those
remote from Washington.
Send model, drawing or photo., with descrip
tion. We advise, if patentable or not, free of
charge. Our fee not due till patent is secured.
A PAMPHLET, “How to Obtain Patents,” with
cost of same in the U. S* ^tnd foreign countries
sent free. Address,
OPP. PATtNT Ome*, WASHINGTON, D. C.
A TRKEDY IN BLACKyiLLE, S. C.
An Old Feud Results in Death to Solomoi.
Bnun and John Gribbon.
CoLtJMBiA, S. C.—A bloody tragedy
was enacted in BlacTcville, S. 0., whero-
j liy SoJomon Brown and,Tohn Giibboii,
II dispeiiearj conr.taljle, were killed
! Tlie double killing was the result of an
I old feud between Gribbon and the in-
' fiueutial Brown family. Gribbon had
seized a case of dry goodH at the dei.ol
consigned to Brown.
I There was a gener^il fight, and
others engaged in it besides theprin
cipnls. Some contend that C'oronoT
H. P. Dyches, who -\vas standing in a
store at the lime, fired the thot that
killed young Brown. The coroner pro ■
ceeded to hold an inquest, hoivever,
but the thoriff arriTed in the midst of
it and arrested him on a charge of hav
ing been an acceesory. Trial Justice
Hammet then emiaunelled a jury and
took the testimony in relation to
Gribbou’s death. The verdict was that
he was killed by Hermaa Brown aod
that Simon and Isadore Brown w'ere
acccs'iories before and after the fact.
The town is quiet.
IT WASN'T HIS STILL.
He Just Happened to Be Picking His Chickens
By the Fire,
IjExisgton, N. C.—Deputy Collec
tors AVatson, Means and Causey laid
hands upon a blockade still about three
miles north of town. They found an
85 gallon still, about 100 gallons of
singlings and 1,000 gallons of beer,
the furnace in full blast, and a man,
with coat, hat and shoes oft', picking a
couj^le of chickens. His gun, wrap-
pe|l up in a blanket, was on the shed,
and he protested that he was not the
proprietor of the establishment and
knew nothing of it, but was out hunt
ing and thought he would fixbischick-
ens by the tire. The ofticers left him
and his chickens. It is thought that
some-natured fellow was trying tokeep
the price of whiskey down under the
WASHiNaTON, D. C.—Patents have
been granted to the following meri
torious Southern inventions'
Awning, Eugene Y. _ Gaudin, New
Trace carrier, Egesippe D. Melan-
con, Donaldsonville, La.
C<ittoa planter, Jas. Harper and
Francis CTingfust, La Pile, Ark.
Double stock plow, Jno. T. Barber,
Iron City, Ga.
Eailway track sander, W. G. Mid
dleton, Atlanta, Ga.
Extension ladder and controller for
electric cars, 2 patents, M. B. Monroe,
New Orleans, La.
Car coupling, J. W. Tolar, AVilks-
burg, and B. D. Langston, Goss, Miss.
Cultivator, W. W. Cox. Greene, Ala.
Japan Carries the War Into China.
Lonbou.—The Morning Post prints
this disjjatch from Shanghai:
“The Japanese are reported to be
landing in force northwards of Ta Ku,
preparatory to marching on Pekin.
Another report is that tlie Japanese
have disembarked 20,000 troops on the
Ye Lu Kiang, which runs along the
boundary between China and Corea.
They are said to have tweiity-eight
warships there and to plan an attack
ov the Chinese from the rear,”
Women on a Riot.
Milwaukee, Wis.—Chief Health
Officer, Curtis, was attacked by a mob
of women while moving a small-pox
jiatient and badly hurt. Fifty police
men arrived five min\ites later, and
After a pitched battle dispersed the
mob. Over 100 officers now jiatrol
the riotous district.
Perished in a Bin of Wheat.
Floka, Ind.—In a spirit of bravado,
Walter Long, a young man, leaped in
to a great bin of wheat, which was be
ing loaded from an elevator into a car
on a track below. The suction -was so
great that he was drawn in and suf
focated before any effort eguld be made
ty save him,
A Jjurnalislic Ciiriosily.
tjoudon has a curiosity in journo^
ism which bears the title of The Ja»-
anese Journal of Commerce, and.
though composed and published in
London, is printed almost entirely,
even to its advertisements, in tho
Japanese language and characfcciiB. It
belongs to the category of trade or-
gan.s, and consists of upwards ofseven--
ty quarto pai^es, enclosed jn a tinted
wrapper. The Japanese Journal of
Commerce, which comprises articles
and notes on English trade and indus
try in Jajjau, with especial reference
to engineering, machinery and tools,-
seems well calculated to remove thu
reproach of neglecting modes of cou-
Teying information regarding' Eng
lish manufactures to foreign custom-
Thiis or Not at AM.
His was the fierceness of desperation.
“You mu'st take mo just as I am,”
ho exclaimed, “or not at all.”
For an instant only she contem
“As you like,” she observed, not
without ft tincture of regret in her
manner, “but I am sure you will ba
She.reached for her kodak.
“ —that you didn’t look pleasanter
and hold your chin trifla higher,
PITHY NEWS ITEMS.
The Poi^ulists of the eighth Virginia
iiistrict have nominated J. S. Mason,
of Fauquier county, for eongresa
The Compte de Paris, claimant to
the throne of France, is dying.
The aim of the Southern Kailway
now is faster schedules.
Blacksburg, S, C., is toliaye a Bteam
A $150,000 company is being organ
ized by young men to build a cotton
niill right in the city of Spartanburg,
Howard Van Kenssnelaer, of New
York, and Eobt. G. H. MoNielle, of
Philadelphia, have chartered the Vine
yard La Fleur at Pine Bluff, N. C.
Power is to be developed on Eeed
River, Virginia, to supply an electric
light and power plant for Wytheville.
The South Bound Land & Improve
ment Co., has been organized by John
K. Garnett and others at Columbia,
S. C., with 150,000 capital. It will im
prove and place on the market lands
recently acquired from the South Bound
“We like to think of the South, to
write of the South,to livein theSouth,
to defend the South and to sing its
praises and its advantages and its vir
tues,” are the sentiments which the
Wilmington (N. 0.) Messenger utters.
Vice-President Trogdon is acting as
president of the Piedmont Bank of
Greensboro, N. C.-, since the death of
The subject of good roads is one to
which the people of North Carolinaare
alive, just as they are to others of
public good. A road conference re
cently held at Ealeigh thoroughly dis
cussed the subject, and the meeting of
the North Caj’olina Eoad Improvement
Association, to be held at Charlotte on
September 12 and 13, promises to be
President Mclver has received 600
applications for entrance into the Nor
mal and Industrial Shool, Greensboro,
N. C., this year. Only 400 can be
William Seaworth, a young farmer,
living u'ear Ghana, III., made a wager
with his sister that he could eat more
watermelon than she could. The offer
was taken up. The boy is dead and
the girl, it is thought, cannot recover.
Lightning Made Him a Colored Man.
(Ilemphis Commercial Appeal.)
Trimble, TiiNs.—Bill Goldby aud
Spencer Mills took refnge under a
popilar tree puiin" a thunder Btorni.
Lightning struck the tree and severely
stunned both of them. After the tree
was struck a heavy rain set in, and for
several hours the men lay unconscious,
exposed to a beating lain. AVhen con
sciousness returned, Goldby and Mills
arose, stiff aud sore, and when the lat
ter looked at his companion he was
horrified to discover tliat his skin had
been turned as black as that of an
African, and it has remained so ever
since. Mill’s skin was not affected in
the least; and tho coloring r.f Goldy’s
skin is the only ill effects of their nar
row escape from death.
A Mammoth Mortgage.
New Yoek. — Notice is given to the
stockholders of the Southern Eailway
Company that a general meeting will
l)e held in Eichmond, Va., on October
25, at which there will be submitted for
their approval a proposed mortgage to
the Central Trust Company, trustee,
of 8120,000,000, due 1964, with inter
est at It jjer cent, payable in gold. At
this meeting authorization will also be
asked of the stockholders to execute a
mortgage on the East Tennessee, Vir
ginia aud Georgia for $‘1,500,000, due
1938, with intere.st at 5 per cent, jjay-
able in gold. These bonds are to be
issued in lieu of the equipment and in
come bonds upon which the mortgages
have been toreelosed.
ANorfolkVa., man recently planted
500 black walnut trees on twenty-two
acres of land which were not capable of
producing any crops. In ijlanting the
trees he made this calculation: The
field cost $8.00, interest and taxes
$280; total $360. In thirteen years the
trees begin to bear nuts,in twenty years
the trees ought to bear $200 worth of
nuts, while at the end ^ ' fifty years,for
which time the interest .nd taxes are
estimat<!d, the trees should be large
enoiigh to cut 500 feet of lumber each,
or 2.50,000 feet, which, at $150 per
1000, would amount to $87,500. Here
is something for lumbermen and sterile-
land owners to think about.
Tillman and Eyans.
Columbia, S. C.—Eetnrns from all
over the State indicate that only about
a two-thirds vote was polled in the
primal y election. The anti-Tillman-
ites generally refrained from voting.
Tillman candidates for the Legislature
carry every county with the exception
of Ch.irleston, Eichland and Sumter,
and probably one other. The con
servatives will run an independent
ticket at the general election in No
vember. The election was generally
A New Flyer.
Wa.siiington, D. C.—By completion
of the Jlnnohester & Augusta X^ailroad
from Sumter, S.C., to Denmark, the At
lantic Coast Line will put in operation,
Sei;t. 3, tlu’ir new fast short-line train
scrvice to.A.iken, S. C., Augusta, Macon
and Southwest Georgia points, leaving
New York daily at 9 a. m.; this city at
8:30 p. m., arriving in Augusta the next
morning at 8 o’clock, and Macon at 11
o’clock, Avith through Pullman car ser
vice from New Ygrk tind Washington
NORTH CAROLINA REPUBLICANS.
They Hold a State Contention and Nominate
Raleigh, N^ C.—The Eepublioan
State conventif'ii met herewith ninety-
three of the ninety-six counties rejire-
sented. On the Istday of August the
Populiit State convention met here and
iiomioftted W'. H. Worth for State
treasurer, W. T. Faircloth for chief
justice of the supreme court and G.
Connor, D. M, Furchee, and Walter
Clark for associate justices. The con
test was over the nomination of an en
tire ticket for the purpose of fusion of
the Eepublican- and Populist parties
during this campaign. By a vote of
154 to 30 the convention nominated
this ticket. Tho intention is to fuse on
every office and only have one candi
date for each JiTice to be voted for.
The resolution oh silver is as follows:
“We favor a -f nancial policy not in
favorof mono metallism, either of gold
or silver, as the basis of a financial sys
tem, but international bimetallism to
be secured by strenuous efforts of the
national power to be directed against
such foreign nations as adhere to the
single gold standard. Under existing
conditions, with international agree
ment, we favor the free coinage of the
entire product of American mines at
the ratio of 16 to 1. Now, and in the
future, all dollars should be of equal
purchasing power, to the end that a
suitable currency, abundant for all
wants, shall secure to all the people the
full results of their labor.”
A. E. Holton was elected chairman
of the State committee.
One of the Leading Papers of New England
Does the Old State Justice.
[Worcester, Mass., Spy.]
Many Northfvestern farmers have
become thoroughly tired of enduring
the trials to which their uncertain cli
mate subjects them, and are turning
their eyes toward the South as the land
of promise. A large number of Neva
da.stock farmer' anddairymen are pre
paring to move to North Carolina and
purchase farms'tn localities suited to
their avocations'. Within a few years
tlie immigration of farmers, dairymen,
poultry-raisers, orchard, small fruit
and vegetable cultivators from the
Northwest and from our New England
States will assume considerable pro
portions, and Piedmont and Western
North Carolina.will receive more of
them tlian all other sections of the
South combineii, for the people of that
State are movi- those of the North
than any other, and their laws and cus
toms are more like those to which
Northern people are wonted. Thereis
less gush and sentiment and more com
mon sense to the square yard in North
Carolina than in any State of “Dixie
land.” It is a better State for New
England men to go to who are tired
of life in their old home and long to
get amid new surroundings than any
of the newer States of the West, Wash
ington only excepted, and for men of
energy, brains aud money enough to
start with it offersgreat oppoitiinties.
4 Murder in the Breckinridge Campaign.
CiNCiNN'ATi.—The , Times-Star’s
Lexington, Ky., special says: A fight
to death with kuives occured in Clark
County, near Boonesboro, over the
scandal feature of the Ashland Con
gressional contest. John King, a
Breckinridge man, living in Fayette
County, met on the highway his old
friend, George Cook, who lives in Clrrk
County. Cook said any woman who
w'ent to hear Breckinridge speak was
no better than a courtesan. Ring dis
mounted from his horse, saying his
wife and daughters had heard Breck
inridge. Cook insisted itwasa shame.
He also dismounted. Both drew
knives and blood flowed freely until
Cook dropped, having three stabs in
the breast. King has escaped.
'One Kent.icky Girl's Record.
(Prom the Wijiohester Democrat.)
The possibilities of what a monntain
girl can do is the following claim made
for one who livjs upon the East Ken
tucky Eailroactvliear Willard. From
April 1 to June,! this year she planted
three acres of Jiotatops, did all the
cooking and sewing for the family,
milked four cows, fed the calves and
pigs and chickens, shot three pole-cats
and four chicken h^uvks, set the dogs
on eighteen, tramps, attended thirteen
dances and three picnics, read five
dime novels, and set up four nights in
the week with lier beau, and yet we
often hear the question asked: “What
is there for woman to do?”
Fata! Affray at Aiken, S. C.
Columbia, S. 0.—AVilliamChatfleld,
son of Manager Chattield, of tho High
land Park Hot 1, at Aiken, was shot
fatally Wednesday night by James J.
Wingard, a policeman of that city.
Chatfiehl was ordered by Wingard to
stop cursing on the street and some
words passed, when Chatfiehl struck
Wingard and the latter attempted to
use his club. Chntlield had seized
Wingard,but the hitter, l)reaking away,
fired two 42-caflibre bullets into Chat-
field, one striking him in the abdomen
and the other in the side'. AVingard
was arrested. Chatfiehl Avas 25 j-ears
old. Wingard is a young man and
has a familly.
The Great North Carolina Race Stallion Dies
Suddenly at Charier Oak Park.
Habtfokd, Conn.—Pamlico, one of
the greatest race stallions on the Grand
Oircuit, died suddenly at Charter Oak
Park. He was raised in North Caroli-
la and valued at $30,000 and insured
TO EXPORT THE NEGROES.
4 Contract Closed With a Steamship Compa
ny, and Now They Can Go Cheap.
BiRsttNGUAM, Ala.—J. P. ]\fcMnni>n,
president of the Ijiternational Migra
tion Society, states thnt a contract has
been ('l')sed wilh an African f-teamshiiJ
comjtany for tlie tr.-iusportntion of
5,000 coioiUhtH._aniiur.lly to Liberia.
'Ihe society proposes Tor a certnin'fetip-
uhited price to fnrnii h trnusi'ortation
and three moutlis’ jjriivii-ions to the
colonists. Ho says that the govern
ment of Liberia iiroi'oses, in order to
encourage the settlement of territory,
to give to e.ach colonist 25 acres of
laud and the necessary im]'lements with
which to cultivate it. The headquarters
of this socie ty will be here, as will also
the general purchasing offices. Mr.
McMullen says the first steamer will
leave Philadelphia in October aud will
touch the Atlantic coast as far as New
Orleans. From there it will go direct
to Liberia, touching at Havana, Cuba.
A WINSTON TRAGEOr.
A Negro Kills a White Man. The Homicide
Winston, N. C.—Edward C. Bryan,
one of the managers of Griffith & Bo
hannon’s tobacco factory, met his death
The verdict of the coronor’s jury
Saturday was that the deceased came to
his death by a gun shot, fired by the
hand of Adam Morris, in defense of his
person and home. Morris was given
liis gun and set free. The gist of the
evidence by all witnesses was that
Bryan had been drinking and was rather
“wild.” He went to old man Morris’
house and demanded admittance, -n’hich
was repeatedly refused. The demands
were made in a very insolent and abu
sive manner. He declared that he
would burst open the door and kill
Morris with a yard paling which he car
ried in his hand. Bryan did break
open the door, rushed into the i‘oom and
received the fatal shot.
SOUTH CAROLINA INDEPENDENTS.
A Democratic Ticket to Be Put Out Against
ihe Tillmanites and Butler Candidates
to Be Run in Every County.
Columbia, S. C.—At a meeting of
General Butler’s friends, held in this
city, it was determined to rnn an inde
pendent Democratic ticket against the
regular Democracy which is known as
the Tillmanites. Legislative tickets fa
vorable to Butler will be nominated in
every county, and it is probable that a
convention will be held to nominate a
full State ticket from Governor dois'n.
This action is arousing much bitter
ness, and the Democratic executive
committee, of which Senator Irby is
chairman, has been called to meet on
Tuesday next to consider the political
situation. When the Independent con
vention will be called has not been
decided. Eepublicans will take ad
vantage of the divided Democracy and
run candidates in most of the congres
Vi.imonils and JJIaiiioud-Ciillini!',
In the rough—that is, just as tho
stone has been w'ftshed out of the clay,
and broken loose from the ore—a dia
mond presents tl)o appearance of a
crystal pebble, somewhat pointed at
each end. It usually appears to ba of
a brownish hue, but now and again a
ray of light will seem to leap from tho
very heart of the stone. From this
rough form of the gem the diamond-
cutter decides what the shape of the
finished jewel is to be. Tho crs’stal-
line shape of the diamond is that of an
octahedron, although tho stone is
found sometimes as a rhombic dode
cahedron, , triakisoctahedron, or
hexakisoctahedron, bnt it is al
ways jn accordance with the cubic
Bys'iem. It should be the aim
of the diamond cutter to pre
serve this octahedral character of the
gem. To-accomplish this, the rough
stone is first split, or chipped. The
operation is a most difllcult one, re
quiring an insight into the character
of each individual stone. T'here are
hardly two gems that can be treated
in a precisely similar manner. Every
diamond has a thorough individuality,
and must be treated acctjrdingly, iti
order to obtain the best results. The
“splitting” is accomplished by fixing
the gem in a block of cement, after
■which the angles must bo split otT in
accordance with the direction of the
crystallization. Flaws are also taken
out in this operation, ani the diamond
given its future shape.
The majority of diamonds are found
in tho East Indies, on the plateau of
Dekhan, in Brzil, on the islands of
Borneo and Sumatra ; also in the Ural,
and Australia. AVithin recent years
very productive diamond-mines have
been put into operation in southeast'
ern Africa, the Transvaal.
The diamonds most highly prized are
the Indian and Brazilian stones; they
are generally of the purest white, tlie
most comijlete transparency “water,”
and the most hrilliant “iire.”—Home
A 20 Per Cent. Damage to Cotton in the
Valley of the Mississippi.
A special from Natchez, Miss., says:
Parties who have just returned from a
trip through north Louisiana over the
New Orleans & Northwestern Eailroad
aud through the southern tier of coun
ties along the line of the Houston
Central, Arkansas & Northern Eailroad,
report that the cotton crop in those
sections has been damaged fully 20 ])er
cent, by blight, rust; shedding, etc.,
caused by the excessive and continuous
rains. The outlook is not nearly so
bright as it was two weeks ago.
Gen. N. P. Banks died Saturday
rooring at AValtham, Mass,
AN ICE CREAM FACTORY
MAKING THE COOI,ING OOMPOUND
Things That Are Mixed Up for It and
IIoAv They Are Treated—Ice Cream
ICE CEEA'M is manufactured from
a combination of milk, pure
cream and gelatine, flavored with
different extracts, such as vanilla,
.lemon, strawberry, etc., the in
gredients being first mixed up to
gether and placed in circular metal
vessels or runners which revolve
around inside of circular wooden
tubs, the runners being surrounded
by a quantity of cracked ice and rook
salt. Each runner is furnished with
a beater having a number of blades
which revolve around on the inside,
beating up the material, the ice and
rook salt causing it to thicken and
form itself into ice cream. Some
manufacturers use eggs, corn starch,
etc., and boil the ingredients before
The first process is the mixing to
gether of the ingredients. About
ten quarts of jiure cream, ten quarts
of milk and about eight pounds of
granulated sugar are first niixed to
gether. If the ice cream is to be
flavored with strawberry, about six to
eight drops of pure red coloring and
one-quarter pint of essence of straw
berry are added. A quantity of
gelatine dissolved in about a quart of
warm water is then added to this,
bringing the solution up to about
twenty-four quarts iu bulk. It is
then run through a strainer or fine
sieve into the runner.
The runners are made of copper,
the inside of which is coated with tin,
which, after about four weeks’ con
stant running, has to be renewed, tha
coating of tin being worn off by tha
working of the beater. The runners
are about twenty-three inches in height
and about one foot in diameter, and
hold about forty quarts. The wooden
tubs in which they revolve are two feet
four inches in height and are about
twenty inches in diameter on the in
side, leaving a space of about four
inches for the ice around the runner.
Attached to the top of the cover of
the runner and perpendicular shaft of
the beater, which revolves in a socket
at the top of the grinding machine, are
two gearing wheels, which are geared
to another attached to the shafting of
the machine. When the machine is
iu motion the beater, oontainiiig ten
Ij inch iron blades, and the runner
revolve around iu different directions,
making about fifty-five revolutions
per minute. As soon as the rfiachine
is set in motion, a small “' quantity of
ice and rook salt i^-adaed, which is re
newed every few moments until the
tub is filled, taking in all about twen
ty-five pounds of ice. The beating
operation takes about twelve minutes,
the salt and ice gradually freezing tha
twenty-four quarts solution, while tha
gelatine swells or raises the material
up to forty quarts.
The grinding operation is completed
when the ice cream shows or adheres
to the glass windows in the cover of
the runner. The wooden tub with the
runner of cream is then rolled to one
side and another is put in its place to
pass through the same operation. The
ice cream is then taken from the run
ners and put into cans ranging from
one to ten gallons each and packed
into ice and rock ealt for delivery,
which is ready in about two or threa
The machine for breaking up ioa
consists of a revolving cylinder four
teen inches iu diameter and twenty
inches in length, riveted to which ara
nine conical-shaped wrought iron
teeth about five inches iu length,
which, when the machine is in motion,
pass between a number of other teeth
connected to the framework of the
machine. The cakes of ice, which
weigh about fifty pounds each, are
first broken into two pieces and placed
iu the machine. The teeth of the re
volving cylinder, which makes about
120 revolut.'.ons per minute, crash
through the ice, breaking it uji into
small pieces at the rata o£ a ton in
every twenty minutes.
Ice cream bricks are made by pack
ing the cream into metal forms. The.se
forms have a top aud bottom cover.
The ice cream is first put into these
brick shaped forms and a strip of paper
placed between the cream and each
cover, which holds them firmly in
place, aud then they are packed away
in salt .and ice aud frozen for about
three hours. They are then taken out
and the forms dipped into a pail of
warm water, which losens the cream
from the sides. The top and bott-jin
covers, after being- wiped with a cloth,
are then taken oti, the attendant al
lowing the loosened brick of cream to
slip out of the form on to a strip of
white paper immediately covering it,
aud placing it into a pasteboard box
and packed in ice again for delivery.
Neapolitan bricks of ice cream are
made by placing one layer of cream
over another, such as vanilla, choco.
late, strawberrs', etc. A great many
metal forms axe made of composition
of lead and zinc, representing animals,
fruits, vegetables, etc., the ice cream
being packed into the forms and frozen
in the same manner as the brick.s.
Porty-quart cans of milk cost whole
sale about $1,12 per can, pure cream
about seventeen cents per quart, and
ice about $3 per ton. Two machines,
■jrith three runners, can turn out from
1500 to 2000 quarts of ice cream per
day.—New York News.
50 People Burned Alive.
Terrible forest fires have been pre
vailing in Wisconsin and hundreds of
people have been rendered homeless.
The towns of Mission Creek and Hinck-
ly were utterly destroyed, 5() people
being burned to death at the latter
BILL ARP’S LETTER.
THE A. p. A. IS AFTER HIM WITH
A SHARP STICK.
All On Account of Some Remarks
that William Made.
Northern r<?publican nen'3papers that are now
ramiiDg a side kUow calto I tho A- P. Aa
continue ct with iheir f-pl- en because
I made a ftAv remarka they do not like. They
send me a Bampio copy with tho epicea marked
all round HO that I may not fa I to see it and
read it, nnd then feel Horry for myself. Tho
last comes from Boston, “i’he American Citi
zen,” and “BUI Arp has ma e an attack
on (he A. P. A. That is hi^ business. He
writeHnst what will pay him leet. Give him
$10 and he will write on iheo(her side. Within a
year t!:o poliiioians Of Georgia will be at the
feet of (he A P. A. bepKin^ *’or votes and iho
A’lanta Constilution wilJ jump the fence,” eto.
Well, I don’t care anythin},^ about this, for lam
too far o£f for lhat editor to know my price, but
the same pap?r says that “Joe Howard will
wrile jns5 what he ia paid for, irrespective of
his own convictions.” Tuis is hard oa Joe, for
he lives in 13 >h on.
But it 18 a waafe of time to make any more
war upon the A. P. As—the dog is dead.
Tliousands who were drawn in are drawing; Qufc
aliov r the north and *wiihin a year you will
hardly find a man who ever belonged to it.
Ilepublican Fcheniers havi? got hold of the order
ev^Tywliere and i’s true chaiactor hns cropped
out o:irly. It won’t last as Ion,' as the alliance
and ought n >t, for tho alliance had good iu-
(entions in its infancy and but for its goin? in
to politics would have done a great deal of good.
It was ^mothercd by demagogues. And now
comes tijo onc-third p:irty with Ocala and Omaha
phitforms that demand the railway and tehi-
graph and a subtreasury that will build a
pumpkiu barn in evei y naborliood. It is nob
even a skleshow to Hny party, but is a w.jod’s
ct’lt—a mulo colt at that-'—with no pride of an
cestry But it can bo rid and goes along right
gently until bucking time comes. A farmer
who j 'ins tho (>ne-third parfy, expecting to get
sdmyihmg. is I'Ue Judge A driilge’s man who
wa< driving a cow and lur young calf hom^^,
and they got niixed up witti some other cattle
in the road and the calf mis'ook an old steer
for its mother and ran off with him. The fellei*
r.in hiinseU" nearly to death trying to soperate
them, bn^ h couldent. 80 ho stopped an 1 used
bad lauKUtgc and wound up with “Go it you
darned liitle fool—go it—but you’ll find out
what’a wiiaf when suck ng time comeg.”
The leader of ihc'sc Rccror, oa h-bound politi
cal o: ganiz itions ara af ler (dfic ■ or money, and
8om-j lew of them get ih. They ride in on tho
mule atid th?n take tho bridle off and turn him
out to make liis own living. Bishop Ilaygood,
wlioni th; south honorH for his spotless integri
ty of character and his f arless publication of
tho truih as ho secB it, says “l.iberty dies by
the organiz'Viion of oaih-bound socieies. Such
oilh-Loand leagues not only make men elaves
bnt they nniko them .chiJdren--wards without
rifjht to think--8!ave8‘'without rij-ht to choose.
A man is forced oftei^tTm s to do what ho does
not ^Yish to do and is frozen oat if ho refuses
Tl:erc is corruption enough and soni) to sharo
in Ihe cdd parlies, bnt there is no s crocy--ni
gags, no grips nor oatbs. Wekn(»w j ist what
Uiey are doing and can kick and abu-icand
uvt n donotinctftf we want to, and the force of
public opinion so in h-s its effect. We have
bvM n abining tho nalional democracy awfully of
late, bu' after a'l, there i.i no other party that a
S' uthein man can go to. If we really advocate
tui'ilf r. form, a lavilt for revenue only, a tariff
that will cheap n the no essaries of lift*, we arc
I bliKO.l to be dcmocratr<. The issue i-i made at
last. It is i;ow pio!ecli"n or no protection.
I li! infant in<lu3!rte3 are all grown. Let them
take care of th.Mn^elv s. J'hero are loo many
people dema'uling help from the govorimient.
lii hi p llaygoo 1 savs: ‘‘Too much government
iH 11- ally as bid as no gtivernmeDt and is one of
the "orst iiindranc 8 to the healtliy develop
ment and happy existonce of human society.
Tiioso who know humtui na'ure in iis fltiength
; nd deepness look w’lih deep anxiety at the ten
dency <f onr times to pateina'i:-m in govern-
nieiir. Governm< nt b gins to to 1 us what we
may rat and drink. G)vorinnent inspects our
tidlk aiyl ko'os'ne oil and our feriiliz.'rs. Govern
ment looks after out- dtaiuage, and sanitary con-
diiion. We are v. cjinated when government
fiiy^so. Docto:8 aie now talldng of keeping
con'Umi.'tives in a pest'ious^ and it may come
to pi^K tliat governmcnr. will take u-^ in hand
uh! n we have a bad cold. It is not treason to
onr idol z.-d public schoni system to admit that
onr theory and prac Jcoin education foster pa
te rualism. In n)any schools, so far as pres'‘rv-
iiig and d vel< p ng a c!iild’.-i individuality is
conco ncil, it m about, as well to number as to
name him. In some Pchool^ tho pupils are
numbered just as cotivi ds are.”
It is this I'aternaLam that burdens uj
with tax s, both stale and national. There
is no bnsinesH economy at Washington.
What bu.^inesi man would build a postof-
lice at liomo that 1,^ to co.-^t $75,000, W’hen
he cm rent a first rate one for a year?
Who would pay a pos'master $2,000 a year
when ho cuuld get a gno 1 one fur JfeL.OOO. And
it is the t'ame unless extravagance all over tho
nation. You vote for my >-chemo and I’ll vote
for yours ivs iho bargain at Wasliington—and so
the n'oney goes. State extravagance is not
much barter. There is many a scheme being
planned already to prey upon oar state treasury
and more pension bills will be introduced and
more educational facilities aske<l for. And all
that wo poor taxpiyers can do js toabnseour
lulers and hold d >wn tho brakes as hard as pos
sible- That is our right. Itwa» tho right of
the privates during the war to complain at their
ofticers, but they wouldn’t let any outsiders do
it; 00 we don’t want any advice from the one-
Ih’i'd party or the republicans or the American
Pr'/tictivd As socia Kill iU'C.'ii d ni »tic f'il-
nres or denmera’ii' eoir ip inn. It is he only
party tliat the sun'h can trns'. jitnl if wc can’t
reform it fr im the in-nd.? it cat,’. !)■! done, from
Ihe out. Secc-i-i >n do..’.. [My. Old Father
Time is a guo 1 doct.T. I fed ni(5ro hoiieful of
oui'pai ty than I d d a month ago. All tliat a
m'O ha< to do to Jii ep him a demcjciat i^ to
l(■oka^ the 1 adi'is if the olhcr parlies and
realthiir piperi. I'ut the great npubllcan
pirfy that feeds and fa^t in pens ons and
protection ai d patronage and paieinalism^and
all tho olhor }>’s i* ihe parry to bo lought.
The others aio -ide- hows and we have to tako
I hem liky tak n,>5 the m as es. They are a sort
of vaccination tha’ keept us from cllchinj' the
smallpox and ko they do some g« o«l in lhat way.
Itis all well cnoiigM to st r the boys np occa-
sionaly—to err bar and nee the boy .•< load up
their guns—'oiing th'* tire bell inthcd-adof
nighta-ta tra nitig to the firemen. But wo
have htd this onc-tlrrd pany j-bont long
rno\igh. Tiio noveltv has worn off and
we will have a funeral b fore I ng and bury it;
and drop a tear to its memory. 80 mote it be.
—Bn L Anp in Atlanta Oons'dtuti -n.
Tobacco ripe^ Jttatle vt Siioiv.
I In the snowy regioas of the Hinia-
’ lavas, it is said, little smoking fnuaels
are made in tho frozen snow', at th.)
I end of -which is placed eoma tobacc >,
' along with a jDieca of cbiu-
coal, while to the other the moiintaiu-
1 eers place their mouths, lying Hat ou
I their stomaclis, and inliale the smo'ic.
A South Alricati Home.
A typical Southern Africa house
hold described by Olive Schreiner had
an English father, a half Dutch
mother with a French name, a Scotch
governess, a Zulu cook, a Hottentou
housemaid- and a Kaf&J-’ stable boy,
while the little girl who waited on'
the table was a Basuto.—New York
Jtis considered iinlncky in Ireland
to view a funeral procession while th^^
t>eii(*lder is under au umbffella* . )