ibe folk guunta ft
Three Gents the Copy. INDEPENDENCE IN ALL THINGS. Subscription Price, $1.00 PtfYw In AilMnea. ""
COLUMBUS, N. G., THURSDAY, JANUARY 14, 1909.
HIS LAST MESSAGE
Governor- Glenn Presents a
Document Worth Reading.
STATE'S CONDITION AND NEEDS.
The Various Institutions, Industries,
Interest and Needs of the State
Laid Before the Minds of the Gen
eral Assembly in Comprehensive
The Governor begins his message
with a note of impressive events
daring the last four years of
the State's history. Never in its his
tory has it been so rosperous in up
building along all useful lines and its
name and fame reach far and wide.
Even amid the panie there has been
much prosperity. Cotton mills have
been built in every section. We raise
600,000 bales and manufacture more.
We have 53,446 looms and 2,878,148
spindles. Wc are first in manufac
ture of plug and smoking tobacco
and number of chairs, and have the
largest pulp factory m the world.
. Progress in education is most grat
ifying. During the last two years
from county and local taxation 490,
342.15 has been raised and by dona
tion and bonds $749,67131. School
property has advanced in value by
1,189,258. School terms, are length
ened and teachers better paid. The
last General Assembly appropriated
45,000 for high schools and 156 have
been established with an enrollment
of 3,949 pupils. The present body
will be asked for $50,000 for the pur
pose. The State Superintendent's report
shows a deep interest in education
over the State.
The Governor notes improvements
in morals, industry and patriotism.
The commission of which the Gov
ernor was chairman, was given power
to adjust the State's indebtedness.
This has been effected with satisfac
tion to creditors and honor to the
State except that the iniquitous spec
ial tax bonds, repudiated by the State.
The bonded indebtedness due in 1918
amounts to $6,886,600, but the stock
in the North Carolina Railroad is
worth $168 per share and wul meet
this and have more than $1,000,000
The last Legislature appropriated
500,000 for further means of caring
for the insane. The Governor assures
the present body that the commission
ers have performed their duty faith
fully and is sure that impartial in
spectors would exclaim, "Well don."
A few eninerations follow:
& good tract of land on which to
aild an epileptic hospital has been
purchased at a fair price. This will
also furnish a good farm, on which
the patients can work. A wing to
the Eastern Hospital which accomo
dates 100 patients has been completed.
A nurses' home at Morganton is
about ready for occupation, and, when
the nurses move into it, will give
spaee for 100 more patients in what
are now the nurses' quarters. An
other building 'at Raleigh for 100
women is now under rapid construc
tion; three brick buildings, colony
plan, at Raleigh, for 100 convalescent
patients; also six more brick build
ings at Raleigh three for 100 epilep
tic women and three for 100 epileptic
men will be finished by April 1st;
also two brick buildings at the col
ored hospital at Goldsbdro for forty
epileptic patients, and two frame
buildings for forty tubercular1 pa
tients, besides all needed repairs.
The commission will also at onee
erect another colony building at Mor
ganton for 100 more patients, and
will supply all needed wants.
The Governor rehearsed a resume
of the difficulties with the railroads
on the rate issue and assures the body
of his determination to compel obedi
ence to the law had not satisfactory
adjustment been made and ratified
by the called session of the General
This adjustment has proved a great
blessing to tfie State. The Corpora
tion Commission has made out a
etrong case to the interstate com
mission against discrimination in
freight rates and it is hoped that good
results will yet follow. The Governor
jays if we lose we must appeal to
He recommends that the bodv re
quest the railroads to remedy " the
present annoyances from the mileage
book system.- The Governor recog
mzes some acts of injustice to the rail
afls m the way of unreasonable
Penalties that should be righted and
eommends a spirit of fostering these
great arteries of commerce, instead
of nee,lhssiy crippling them, while
yet entorcing obedience to law bv
tnem as by individuals.
The Governor says there are not
ZTJ prainS laws needed now and
Commends a short session.
GovLaSkS ff an inerease e
t6oo ZA s,a7 flom H000 to
LaW ? r?? the Commissioner of
Labor and Printing to $2,500, all the
other State officers salaries having
been increased at the last session.
The Governor says" be has lived
economically but has had to spend
$2,000 more than his salary every
year. He says the Governor should
not want more than his expenses but
should have this amount.
He urges immediate action that'
the new incumbents may reap the
benefits. They cannot do so if the
aet is not passed before the inaug
uration of Gov. Kitchen.
The Governor dwells at length up
on the intricate subject of taxation.
He recommends that valuations on
personal property, real estate,, money
credits, etc., be as nearly as possible
to its real value. This would nec
essitate only a very low rate. It
would advertise the Stale to advan
tage and invite capital and tattlers.
More than foity-five counties receive
more from the State than they pay
into the treasury.
Valuations are so lacking in uni
formity as to do great injustice to
the just. Taxes collected since last
Legislature have fallen below appro
priations, from lack of uniformity.
The Governor urges that the present
law of equalization be repealed as it
is too costly with no method of en
forcing it properly or of securing ttni
formity. He says:
"I suggest that you appoint a very
strong finance committee who shall
consult with the Auditor, Treasurer
and Corporation Commission, and,
after considering all suggestions made
make such a law as will properly ad
vertise the true value of the State's
property and allow the rate to be
fixed at a lower amount. While the
assessment was made last year, there
is no constitutional provision that
prevents this Legislature from requir
ing a new valuation."
The Governor notes the great ex
pense and annoyance of candidates
for public office begetting a tendency
of good men to shirk from duty while
bad men are liable to. secure the
places to the jeopardy of the State.
He recommends legalized primaries
and a law requiring candidates or
persons working for them in pri
maries or el fjpus to give a strietn
account und f for all money's
collected orW-Aued in the . cam
paign under penalty for misdemeanor
and debarment from ever holding
public office in the State. He would
also have newspapers and publie
speakers punished for defamatory
assaults against a candidate unless
satisfactory roofs are at hand. He
thinks we should have more polling
plaees and that the polls should be
closed at 4 o'clock.
The Governor notes the crowded
condition of the court dockets and
recommends that recorders be ap
pointed or elected in every city and
town or' township to try all misde
meanors and favors a division of the
State into two circuits thus dividing
equally the judicial districts in which
the judges should rotate. It would
save expense and time and all nec
essary changes could still be made
uncler certain conditions.
He would give the State an equal
number of challenges of jurors as
the defendant in criminal cases .since
the def endent is allowed to .testify in
his own behalf. He further says:
"I also insist that you thoroughly
examine all the judicial districts,
equalize them in accordance with the
amount of work necessary to. be done:
and then put Solicitors on a salary."
He recommends that executions be
made in the State penitentiary and
that they be by electricitylnstead of
the present mode of hanging. He
thinks the change can be made m the
mode without changing the constitu
tion. Corporation Commission.
The Governor speaks in high praise
of the good work of the Corporation
Commission and says of its sphere.
"Instead of being curtailed, as
they were by the last General Assem
bly, should be extended and enlarged.
It should be given all power neces
sary to regulate all interstate pas
senger and freight rates, to pevent
railroads from unjust discrimination,
to require connecting lines to make
close connections, and to do anything
and all things necessary to conti-ol
and regulate ail railroads, steamboats,
telephone lines and banks, with full
power to enforce its orders by con
tempt proceedings. I therefore sug
gest that you carefully go over with
the Commission all the present laws
and make such amendments as will
restore its power and thus make it
more efficient and valuable to the
The taxes collected for the last
fiscal year were $224,680.58, and are
increasing every yea. Each Gen
eral Assembly must necessarily fur
nish needed help for this department.
Buerau of Labor and Printing.
The amount of useful work done
v" this bureau is little understood
nd appreciated. .It is the only de
partment that gathers statistics m
cultural pursuits, and when these
statistics are published and sent
broadcast over the country, they ad-
vertise our resources as can be done
in no other way. This bureau visits
factories and examines into labor
conditions, such as proper labor hours
and the child-labor problem.
He thinks that if the Bureau did
nothing else than the State print
ing it would still be profitable. He
would have the salary of the Com
missioner raised to $2,500, and his
power and field of usefulness en-
This department he says, has been
of great benefit to the State in ad
vancing the scientific knowledge of
farming, thus making his branch of
industry more attractive and re
munerative. The experiment farms.
Mullen tins, etc., have been very help
ful. It has kept out undesirable em
The Governor says the State peni-
tentiary is not only self-sustaining,
but actually pays money into the Slate
treasury. He calls attention to acts
of the last Legislature inrequiring
it to repay former appropriations
faster than it can spare same. Action
On this is asked for. He asks the
Legislature te print and distribute
to its members the report of Super
tendent Mann, which he thinlqrs,
forth valuable ideas and plans.
"'The, Governor recommends that
accordance with the aet of the co -vention
of Governor's at the Whi f
House, the State establish a com
mission through which the waste
of our forests, minerals, fish, oyster
and other resources, might be checked
and, as far as possible, absolutely
Proper laws should be enaeted to
protect our oyster and fish industries,
which would yield revenue to the
State. The display at Jamestown he
says, shows that -no State has more
valuable gems than North- Carolina,
m-. m a 1 11 1. J. a J
Uur torests snouici De protecieoy
which he thinks could be effected by
regulating the size of trees subject
to be cut for lumber.
The Governor dwells upon the sub
ject, of roads, presenting the great
necessity for action by this body look-
to good roads.
The Governor speaks in cheering
tones of the personnel and efficiency
of the State Guards. He has no rec
ommendations. . Pensions.
On the subject of pensions the Gov
ernor has this to say:
"Find out what the veterans of
the Civil War require, and then do
all you can for them; and when you
have done all that is asked, you have
not done half enough to repay them
for their loyalty in the past. A
small increase will be asked for the
support of the Soldiers' Home. The
veterans are getting old; they ean
not work and many are nowv coming
to the Home. Give what is needed,
and let the deeling years of these
old soldiers be in ease, as m a com
fortable home they smoke the pipe
Jf. peace, awaiting their summons to
eome up higher. ' '
After noting the good work of our
State schools he says:
"Money spent in educating oui
boys and girls yields the greatest of
all dividends to a State, and eduated
"brains, directing trained fingers, is
the power that is building manu
factories, developing our resources,
educating our coming generations and
elevating our morals. A cultivated.
educated brain is the handmaid of?
thrift and enterprise that builds up
but never destroys."
f After noting the good and benev
olent work of the institutions of the
Deaf, Dumb and Blind, he says:
"Few States have such a high
standing as ours for institutions of
this class, and I can truly commend
the management of 'both as being,
wise, faithful and humane. They,
too, will come to you for aid. ' '
On account of enlarging at Golds
boro and an enlarged number of
patients at morganton, he says:
"These two hospitals had to go in
debt the one at Goldsboro for $11,
000, and the one at Morganton for
$20,000. It was a case of necessity
and the Legislature 'is asked to ap
propriate the funds to pay the debts.
The propriety of appropriation to
the Ellanan Training school is ques
tioned, and he thinks careful investi
gation should be made before more
is given to- it.
The Governor urges that an admin
istration building be put where the
Supreme Court and the Agricultural
buildings now are, whieh will be fire
proof and of dimensions adequate to
the needs of the different depart
mentsthat are now in mere fire traps,
and liable to burn with their values
that will run into millions. He sees
that it will require an issue of bonds
but the absolute need together with
the small burden it will place upon
the State he thinks will not compare
with the good accomplished. Most
of great improvements, he notes, are
I aA of bonds.
-The result of the recent cases be-
fore the Supreme Court of Missouri
shows that unlawful combinations
and trusts can be controlled, even
to the extent of driving them out of
a State. :
Some people confuse corporations
and joint stock companies with mon
opolies and trusts, and yet the are
vastly different, for the former are
legal and should in all things be
encouraged, while the latter are il
legal and indefensible, and should not
be tolerated, but driven out of tbf
State, as was done in Missouri.
I unhesitating jr say to the Gen
erai Assembly, encourage in every
way possible each legitimate concern
and business in the State, pass such
laws as will encourage them, shield
them from unjust taxation and insure
their enjoyment of peace and protec
tion, thus inducing a high order of
capital and labor to coma into the
State for the purpose of locating as
Investors and as home-seekers, but
at the salne time thoroughly examine
every corporation, commnauon oi
concern doing business in the State,
and if any are found that are engaged
in trying to crush out competition,
unlawfully lowering or raising prices
or in any other form or manner try
ing to monopolise trade or stifle com
petition, then control such unlawful
associations or monopolies,' even
though it be necessary to drive the
business entirely out of the State.
Have we such monopolies in the
State? Then control them or drive
them out; but to every legitimate and
useful business extend a welcoming
.hand and give every aid you can ren
der to add to their prosperity, thus
advancing the- State's wealth and
Reformatory and Reform.
The last General Assembly appro
priated $7,500 per year for two years
for a reformatory. A site has been
purchased- and a building is now be
ing erected. All the States, notably
Georgia, having reformatories claim
that they do a great deal of good
by recelaimihg wayward youth, and
-making out of those who would" be
lost or hardened, if left to associate
with old criminals, good citizens, with
trades and useful occupations. 1
recommend that you increase youi
appropriation to at lecst $3.0,00 each
year for twp years, thus putting the
Reformatory in a position to rendei
effective service and enabling it very
A " i '
soon to Decome seii-supporang.
The Governor urges strict laws reg
ulating cigarettes, opium, cocaine
whiskey, bcor etc-.
The Governor deplores lynching
and says he has tried to give speedy
trials to remove their excuse. All
good citizens have aided him, and
law and order have prevailed all over
The Governor thinks the prohibi
tion law adequate and no new legis
lation on this subject is needed, but
urgtfS the members and all good citi
zens to .co-operate in its enforcement.
"Hayipg igiven my views as to the
laws needed; to be enaetea, l win sug
gest to the General Assembly that it
submit -to the people the following
constitutional amendments :
"First. Give the Governor the vetc
power. North Carolina and , Rhodt
Island, I am informed, are the only
States in the Union where this power
is denied tbp Governor. If the Gov
ernor abuses the power, two-thirds
of the members of the Legislature
can pass the law over his veto, while
having the right to veto often pre
vents unwise and ill-advised laws
from being passed. With the veto
power the Executive acts as a check
on the Legislature, and the legisla
tive branch on the Executive, and
i.1 1 4. A - J
iuus me peuie are pruiecieu. y l
Second. Let all State, county,
township and' municipal officers be
elected for four years instead of two.
Third. LdJt' the General Assembly
tfnbf meet once in four years, unless
for some extraordinary purpose it is
called in extra session by the Gov
ernor, with the approval of the Coun-
ROSI AND PLUMP
Good Health From Bight Food.
"It's not a new food to me," re
marked a Va. man, in speaking of
"About twelve months ago my wife
was in very bad health, could not
keep anything on her stomach. The
Doctor recommended milk half water,
but it was not sufficiently nourishing.
"A friend of mine told me one day
to try Grape-Nuts and cream. The
result was really marvelous. My
wife soon regained her usual strength
and to-day is as rosy and plump as
when a girl of sixteen.
"These afe plain facts, and nothing
I could say in praise of Grape-Nuts
would exaggerate in the least , the
value of this great food."
Name given by Postum Co., Battle
Creek, Mich. Read, "The Road to
Wellville," in pkgs. "There's a Rea
son." Ever read the above letter? .Anew
one appears from time to time. They
are genuine, true, and full of human
eil of State ; then let the session be
ninety days, with no bills allowed to
be introduced the last fteen days,
except by unanimous consent. This
has worked in- Canada and other coun
The Governor 's recapitulation u rges
First. Increase the Governor's and
Commissioner of Labor's salaries.
Second. Equalize taxation by
adopting a better mode of assessing
both real and personal property.
Third. Pass a legalized primary
law and amend the election law.
Fourth. Amend our criminal pro
cedure by putting Solicitors on sal
ariesdividing the State into two
judicial circuits, appointing record
ers or trial justices to try misde
meanors, thus relieveing the Superior
Courts, and have executions in cap
ital eases take place at the State
Prison and by eletrocution.
Ifth. To avoid inhumanity, scan-j
dal and to institute a more effective J
system of working convicts, thus mak
ing the State Prison self-sustaining,
place all convicts under the manage
ment of the State authorities, though
still to work the roads of the various
counties desiring such labor. (See
Superintendent Mann 's suggesition. )
Sixth. Restore the former powers
of the Corporation Commission and
even give it more power with con
tempt proceedings vto enforce its
Seventh. Strengthen the Refoi-m-
J , i j. ui.v,j j
ami jr aiicaaj caiauuaiicu, auu ,yct
pass such laws as will prevent the
terrible practices that render suh
institutions a necessity.
Eighth. Provide a suitable and
sufficient administration building, thus
protecting valuable records and pa
pers, and also giving needed room in.
which the various departments can
transact their business and be better
equipped to render more efficient ser
vice. Ninth. Pass all laws necessary to
protect our forests, insure the build
ing of good roads and better govern
and control our fish and oyster in
dustries. The Governor closes by answering
some criticism and explaining his
motives and his -hope of much good
accomplished by mingling with the
people juad advertising the! State. If
it were his opportunity he would do
more along these lines again than
he did. He expresses his devotion
to the Old North State, commends'the
new Governor and says:
"Hoping that your stay in oui
Capital City -may be pleasant to you
and profitable to the State, and ex
tending td every member my kindest
regaids and best wishes. I bid you
God-speed in your labors, and ass
the richest belessings of heaven on
all that you may accomplish for the
State's betterment and prosperity.
"R. B. GLENN, Governor."
SURE H1U DOES.
The chap who humps and never stops
To register complaints
May lack the wisdom of the wise,
The perfectness of saints;
And what Is more, mayn't know what
To hear a famous name,
But, spite o' what the neighbors say,
He gets there just the same!
,th ' 1 Aep-Herald.
I BELOW any other
M DO MOT
k or on any kind of terms,
loffues illustrating and describing every kind of high-grade and low-grada
bicycles, old patterns and latest models, and learn of dhr remarkable LOW
PRICES and wonderful new offers made 'possible by felling from factory
direct to rider with no middlemen's profits.
WE WHIP OH APPROVAL without a cent deposit, Pay the Freigfct and
allow 10 Days Free Trial and make other liberal terms which no ether
house in the world will do. Yon will learn everything and get much rain
able information by simply writing as a postal.
We need a ginW Aomnt ih every town and can offer an ooDortnait
to mate money to nuiaotc
t S3. M .nl l
(cash with order aa.ss)
NO MORE TROUBLE FROM PUNCTURES.
Result of is years experience in tire
making. No danger from THORNS,
TVS, PINS, NAILS, l Alalia or l
Serious punctures, like intentional knife
be vulcanized like any other tire.
Two Hundred Thousand pairs now in actual
Swenty-five Thousand- pairs sold last year.
mnttt Made in all sizes. It is
mi mm m
fop Ontv M
1 aualitv of rubber, which never becomes porous and
tiont Allowing the air to escape. We have
that their tires hare only been pumped up once or
.n wriin.rv tire the mncture resisting Qualities
nrenared fabric on the tread. That 'Holding Back0
soft roads is overcome by the patent "Basket
tires is S3. v per pair, bat for advertising purposes
AAAn j-ttit hivsMi in nrs ami ins rasa inus
of only S4.80 per pair. All orders shipped same
vttt.t. n4SH WITH ORDER and enclose
plated brass hand pump and two Sampson meuu puncture cioaers on iuu pam outers vine
ntracture closers to be used in case of intentional knife cuts or heavy gashes). Tires to be I
at OUR- expense if for any reason they are not
tb arm mrfertlv reliable and money sent to os
Banker. Express or Freight Agent or the Editor of this paper about ns. If you order a pairc
these tires, yon will find that they will ride easier, ran faster, wear better; hut longer and look
fjttmr ttt wy iire,yrm hnoe t we u led or seen at anv price. Te know that yon will be so well pi r m sad
that when you want a bkyelev6u will give as -jour order. We want you to send as a small trial
s-rlmr at imw hmrw tVii retnarkahle tire offer.
UUnSi H- tSHfX Jl-tO, everrlhW
prices charged by dealers and repair men. Write for our big SUNDRY tahwae,
mm SIA- lirifT Kit write us a postal today. DO NOT THINK OW BUYING m
DO HOT WAIT bicycle or a pa of tires from anyone until yon taow tht new -an
wonderful offers we are making. It only costs a postal to learn everything. Write it NW.
NEAT' CYCLE CONPANY,9 Dept. " L" RHICAQC, ILL
Congressional calendars are now
crowded with legislation.
President Roosevelt offered tha
use' of the battleship fleet to Italy.
Receivers were appointed for the
Atlanta, Birmingham and Atlantic
The single turret monitor Wyom
ing has been rechristened the Chey
enne at San Francisco.
There was a secret meeting of tha
Chinese revolutionary party in Pekfn,
headed by Bun-Yat-Sen.
'-Kansas Democrats will incorporate
as an educational organization, with
headquarters in Topeka.
Richard Croker was notified of his
election as a member of the exclusive)
Albany Burgesses Corps. v
The increasing number of death
sentences in Russia brought about a
stormy debate in the Duma. w
At the New Year reception at the
Whits House President Roosevelt
-shook hands with 6051 callers.
All milk in Chicago must now be
pasteurised unless from cows that
have passed the tuberculin test.
It was estimated that there were
500,000 beneficiaries of the new pen
sion system now in effect In the Uni
President Gomez, of Venezuela, re
voked Castro's decree of May 14 pro
hibiting trans-shipment of goods des
tined for Venezuela.
The public debt at the close of
business December SI was ?997,-
349,751, according to the statement
Ten thousand guests accepted the
invitation of the New York World to
inspect its building. They were wel
comed with music and flowers.
Charged with fraudulent use of
money collected for an orphanage
Bishop W. M. Williams, of the Apos
tolic A. M. E. Church, was placed us
der arrest at Omaha, Neb. f
Log iCabin Pudding. Three-fourths
of a pound of lady fingers, spread
with currant jelly, flat surface of
cakes together. Lay upon a flat dish
in cross trs, beat whites ot 4 eggs
and pour over the cabin, brown
slightly in the oven. Make a custard
of the yolks of the eggs to serve
with it. '
The farther you are removed
from town to railroad station, the
more the telephone will save in
time and horse flesh. No man has
a right to Compel one of the family
to lie in agony for hours while Be
dnves to town for the doctor. Tel
ephone and save half the suffering.
Our Free Book tells how to or
ganize, build and operate tele-J
phone lines and systems.
Instruments sold on thirty days'
trial to responsible parties.
THE CADIZ ELECTRIC CO.,
2d CCC Building, Cadiz, Obi.
ILL IT WILL COST YOB
write for oar bis FBKB BICYCLE
snowing me most complete une oi
BICYCLES, TIRES and SUNDRIES at 1
manufacturer or dealer in the world.
BUY A BICYCLE 13S
until yon hare receiyed our complete Free Cat-
young men wno appiy at i
- PROOF TIRES ? kl
hundreds of letters from satisfied
twice in r whole season. Thay weigh
bone siren by several la vers
sensation commonly felt when 1
Weave" tread which prevents all sir
uyciuiduuk stiJ.sucu.axL. a hp i ruunr tit
we are making a special factory price to the
Cay letter la received, we ship C.O.D. on
If you 1
this kJvertisement. We wdl also send one nl
satisfactory oa examination.
is as safe as in a bank. Ask
in the bicycle line are soUf by ns athalf the t
ibAM. mAm - "
CUtS, can IF and D"alao rim strip H
use. Over 9 ttre ui ontit y seiiar
easv ridinz. verv durable and lined mk'
which closes on amaU
rvcrar-A oil irWf1 nd- flffri-