Three Cents theCoj
Subscription Price, $1.00 Per Year in Advance.
COLUMBUS, N. C, THURSEfeT, JAN UAR Y 28, 1909.
i : " . -a.
trail w forests
President Approves Report
of National Commission.
SENDS MESSAGE TO CONGRESS
Urges Measures to Conserve the Nat
ural Resources as a Legacy to Pos
terityShould be Pat in Effect
President Roosevelt, Friday trans
mitted to Congress the following
bearing on the conservation of our
I transmit herewith a report of the
national conservation commission, to
gether with the acompanying papers.
This report, whieh is the onhrrowth
of the conference of Governors last
May, was unanimously approved by
the recent joint conference held m
this city between the national con
servation commission and Governors
of the States, State conservation com
missions and conservation commit
tees of great organizations of citi
xens. It is therefore in a peculiar
sense representative of the whole na
tion and all its parte.'
The facts set forth in this report
constitute an imperative call to act
ion. The situation they disclose de
mands that we, neglecting for a time,
if need be, smaller and less vital
questions, shall concentrate an effec
tive part of our attention upon the
great material foundations of nation
al existence, progress and prosperity.
The progress of our knowledge of
this country will continually lead to
more acurate information and better
use of the sources of national
strength. It is not necessary that
this knowledge should be exact in
every minute detail. It is essential
that it should correctly describe the
general situation. The conservation
of our resources is the fundamental
question before this nation.
Our population is now adding about
one-fifth to its numbers in ten years.
Many millions more, must be fed and
clothed from the products of our soil.
With the steadv trrowth in nonulation
-ind the still more rapid increase in
consumption our people will here
after make greater and not less de
mands per capita upon all the nat
ural resources for their livlihood,
comfort and convenience. It is high
time to realize that our resnnnsihil.
ity to the coming millions is like that
of parents to their children, and that
in wasting our resources we are
wronging our descendants.
Our rivers can and should be made
to serve our people effectively in
transportation, but the vast expen
ditures for our waterways have not
; resulted in maintaining, much 19 in
promoting, inland navigation. There
fore, let us take immediate steps to
lascertain tne reasons and to prepare
iana aaopt a comprehensive plan for
imana waterway navigation. Our
forests are fast disannetam'no
Bess than one-fifth of them are being
unsened, and no good purpose can
be met by failing- to Drovide th rela
tively small sums needed for the rm.
tection, use, and improvement of all
xoresrs still owned by the govern
ment. Let us enacf laws to check
the wasteful destruction of the for
ests in private lands. The American
eopie stand nearly as a unit for
vaierway development and for forest
Mineral Resources Wasted.
Our mineral resources onee ex
hausted are gone forever, and the
ecu ies waste of them costs us hun
dreds of human lives and nearly
w,vw,vm a year. Therefore, lot
3 undertake without riUv tia in
vestigations necessary before our
W1U De position, through
tate action or nfliomnu t f
end to this huare loss nnd wfA onJ
conserve both our mineral resources
fQ e llves of the men who take
fern from the earth.
ne conservation of OUT natural
Sources is Of first. rnnMar,f;nn T
rp r,p .i . . '""-rwwwi- XL
re ot tins generation destroy the re
cces from Unh x.:,.3
T otherwise derive their livli-
r e reduce the capacity, of our
I" to support a Donnlfttint a,.
Wry,,.,, I , , l ' ' J unu aj
KmriTU6 the Standard of Iivin
InoiV V ""UiU1s generations of
their ngh , t0 Me on th.s. m
k " a"ow itwat industrial oran
IS " ns f Paction and
do hi Ind"stnal liberty, a right
Sea!mrrs and vital thm
The alminicfi: , , . .
drawing i, ,, '"1 wmcD 18 Wst
idom rtf nZ:rnlai neet of free-
rTf' unity for
";.:.- ti 1 1 "f m toUid be
'oo w tl h5L I- Samo of competi-
reason f0r ful "twrsumiy.
rent eontrni exercise of ov-
"VCI great monopo
lies is to equalize opportunity.
Accordingly, I urge that the broad
plan for the development of our
waterways, recommended by the In
land Waterways Commission, be put
in effect without delay. .
The work of waterways develop
ment should be undertaken without
delay. Meritorious projects in known
conformity with the general outlines
of any comprehensive plan should
proceed at once. The cost of the
whole work should be met by direct
appropriation if possible, but if nec
essary by the issue of bonds in small
It is especially important that the
development of water power should
be guarded with the utmost care both
by the national government and by
the States in order to protect the peo
ple against the upgrowth of monopoly
and to insure to them a fair share in
the benfits which will follow the de
velopment of this geat asset which
belongs to the people and should be
controlled by them.
I urge that provision be made for
both protection and more rapid de
velopment of the national forests.
Otherwise, either the increasing use
of these forests by the people must be
checked or their protection against
fire must be dangerously weakened.
If we compare the actual damage on
similar areas on private and national
forest lands during the past year, the
government fire patrol saved commer
cial timber worth as much as the
total cost of caring for all national
forests at the presnt rate for about
The use of the public grazing lands
should be regulated in such ways as
to improve and conserve their value.
Rights to the surface of the public
land should be separated from rights
to forects upon it and to minerals be
neath it, tnd these should be sub
ject to separate disposal.
The coal, oil, gas and phosphate
rights still remaining with the gov
ernment should be withdrawn from
entry and leased under conditions fa
vorable for economic development.
The consumption Of nearly all of
our mineral products is increashing
more rapidly than our population.
Our mineral waste is about one-sixth
of our product, or nearly $1,000,000
for each working day in the year. The
loss of structural materials through
fire is about another million a day.
The loss of life in the mines is ap
palling. The larger part of these
losses can be avoided.
A part of the action of the joint
conference says: We also especially
urge on the Congress of the United
States the high desirablity of main
taining a national commission on, the
conservation of tehresourees of the
country empowered to co-operate
with State commissions to the end
that every sovereign Commonwealth
and every section of the country may
attain the high degree of prosperity
and the sureness of perpetuity nat
urally arising in the aboundant re
sources and the vigor, intelligence,
and patriotism of our people.
In this recommendation I most
heartily concur, and I urge that an
appropriation of at least $50,000 bje
made to cover the. expenses of the
national conservation commission for
necessary rent, assistance and trav
eling expenses. This is a very small
sum. I know of no other way in
which the appropriation of so small
a sum would result n so large a bene
fit to the whole nation.
And the Other Kind.
Did you ever stand on a prominent
corner at an early morning hour and
watch the throngs of people on their
way to work? Noting the number
who were forcing themselves along
because it meant their daily bread,
and the others cheerfully and eagerly
pursuing their way because of love of
It is a fact that one's food has
much to do with it. As an example:
If an engine has poor oil, or a boil
er is fired with poor coal, a bad result
is certain, isn't it?-
Treating your stomach right Is the
keystone that sustains the arch of
health's temple, and you will find
"Grape-Nuts" as a daily food is the
most nourishing and beneficial you
can use. .
We have thousands of testimonials,
real genuine little heart throbs, from
people who simply tried Grape-Nuts
out of curiosity as a last resort
with the result that prompted the tes
timonial. If you have never tried Grape-Nuts
it's worth while to give it a fair, im
partial trial. Remember there are
millions eating Grape-Nuts every day
they know, and. we Ts&ow, if- you
will use Grape-Nuts every morning
your work is more likely to be joy
work, because you can keep well, and
with the brain well nourished work
is a Joy. Read the "Road to Well
ville" in every package "There's a
, Reason.' -
MEETING OF THE LAWMAKERS
Doings of the Legislature Told in
Wednesday's session of House and
Senate involved nothing beyond rou
The joint resolution that the Gn-
ireal Assembly adjourn sine die Teb-
niary 15th,. introduced some day ag
iy Senator Elliott, came up and wa
ilmost unanimously voted down ani
i motion to reconsider made bj
Dockery also failed of the necessarj
At noon the Senate repaired to th
House for the joint session to a
aounce the result of the balloti
ruesday in the two branches of
Assembly on election of Un
States Senator. This required
A bill just introduced in the Sen
ate by Senator Emple to provide no
fence law for the whole of the State,
Is a bill that will attract very gen
ral interest. It is endorsed by the
State forestry interests and has oth
x very strong backing. It would ap
ply the "no fence law to every
jection of the State after 1910. It is
estimated now that about four-fifths
f the State is already under the op
eration of "no fence" laws. One of
the contentions of the forestry in
terests is that the running at large o
iwine, for instance, prevents the
rrowth of the young long-leaf pines
in the eastern section of the State.
In both the Senate and House bills
were introduced to pay solicitors a
Balary of $2,000 and no other compen
sation. Senator Ray put in a bill
that would legalize an 8 per cent rate
of interest when agreed upon by the
Speaker Graham introduced a bill
to put Henry H. Howard, one of the
Merrimac survivors on the pension
roll, fourth class and pay him $25. He
was gunner's mate on the famous
Legislators are slow to act upon the
bill to guarantee deposits in State
banks, but the anto-trust bill with a
sharp tooth seems in favor.
Bills were offered in the Senate on
Manning Promote more efficient
municipal government. This is the
bill prepared by the Raleigh Good
Government League and designed to
have a sort of "Watts law" appli
cation to cities and towns of the
State having 5,000 or more popula
tion ; providing for a mayor and four
councilmen to be elected and they
to have the whole direction of the
municipal affairs, being subject to
removal from office through vote of
the people. The act is to apply to
any city only after it has been adopt
ed by vote of the people.
Manning Repeal 305, Revisal, re
lating to the discharge of witnesses
before the grand jury and the cer
tificates of attendance filed.
Bassett Provide better protection
of earnings of railroad employes and
others engaged in interstate business
and to assure to them the benefit of
the exemption lawg of the State re
lating to personal property.
The two following bills passed
their final reading:
Amend Sec. 3241, Revisal, relat
ing to witnesses before the grand
jury, providing that witnesses shall
not be subpoenaed to appear upon a
bill of indictment earlier than the
second or third day of the court, sav
ing to counties much of the im
mense cost of the attendance of wit
nesses. The bill carrying the appropria
tions for the State School for the
Blind came from the committee on
State School for the Blind with fav
orable report and was referred to
the committee on appropriations. It
carries appropriations of $22,343 for
1909 and $22,00 for 1910 ; an annual
appropriation of $65,000 for main
tenance and $100 a month for the
The minority report of the Senate
judiciary committee reporting the
Manning bill enlarging the powers
of the Attorney General was read
and Senatbr Manning announced that
he would reserve the right to call up
the bill on its passage later.
A bill was offered by Senator Or
mond (by request) Provide for the
creation and organization of the new
County of Mosely out of territory
taken from Lenoir, Wayne and
Greene if the voters in the territory
The following bills were introduced
in the House:
Majette Amend Sec. 1747, Re
visal, to extend the time for register
GWdon Establish lien upon wearing-'apparel
in favor of laundrymen.
Gordon Establish State library
Poole Amend Sec. 924, Revisal.
relative to the popwpers of the clerk
of Superior Court in paying oat
Butler (bjy request) Allow two
years to brng actions against tele
Cox, of Anson Amend Chap. 273,
Laws of 1902, for the relief of cer-
mfederate soldiers, sailors and
m Repeal Chap. 89, Laws
, relating to additional cause
;am--Expedite the trial of cap
ses jmd reauce the cost by en
courts to summon special
i from some adjoining county,
h discussion upon the divorce
as engaged in. It arises from
J to amend the present law tc
divorces cases of ten years
e if there are no children,
bill offered would allow di-
if children , are more than 21
old. TKa hill mnv have tine
to repeal the law allowing di
ground of absence at all.
following bills passed theii
admg: : -
bill ti amend Revisal re-
ig to powers and duties of county
commissioners, allowing tne estaousn
ment when necjjessary of tuberculosis
dispensaries arid sanatoriums.
To repeal Chip. 202, Laws of 190"
is to fees of offieials of Johnston
Amend Revisal relative to liability
jf counties in criminal actions.
Resolution to print 500 copies of
memorial of North Carolina Library
Association for fireproof building.
In the Senate Friday Senator Or
tnond offered a bill to put solicitors
of the State on salaries of $2,500
each instead of the fees now allowed.
Kfcnkins: Joint resolution to pro
ride more adequate postoffice facili
ties for the General Assembly.
Hankins: Memorial from the
North Carolina Library Association
for the erection, of a fireproof State
Hankins: Memorial from the
North Carolina Society, Daughters of
the Revolution,! relative to the erec
tion of a fireproof library building.
Among the bills passed was a oint
resolution for jjpaying the evpenses
of Dr. Gordon and Dr. Bolton, mem
bers of the Legislature who repres
ented the Assembly at the State tu
berculosis convention at Charlotte
There was rejad by Senator Dock
ery a 'pome "(by ex-Senator r. A
McLean of Robeson, in answer to the
resolution by $enator Dockery that
Mr. McLean and others be sent
copy of the Lockhart bill to inject
sub-section "A? into the anti-trust
act. There was a jocular vote.
The senate passed a bill to incor
porate board of publication, North
Carolina Methodist Conference.
Senator Barjinger introduced
bill to fix the privileges of owners of
In the House Cox, of Wake, pre
sented a memorial from the Ladies'
Memorial Association for the Gen
eral Assembly fp provide for a fire
proof building for the State library.
. Poole offered la bill to amend Sec
3354, Revisal, relative to punishment
for seduction so that there can be
punishment even after marriage in
the event there is desertion within
five years after marriage.
Poole: Amen Sec. 5111, Revisal,
relative to the Inheritance tax.
Cox, of Waki: Joint resolution to
pay the expenses of the inaugural
Cox, of Wakec Make the salary of
the assistant, Supreme Court libra
rian $30 instead of $15 a month.
Currie: Amfnd Sec. 87, Revisal,
and abolish the crop pest commission,
putting its duties in the hands of the
State board of agriculture.
Currie: Reguate the registration
and sale of concentrated feed stuffs.
Currie: Regulate the sale of stock
foo4g and medicinal powders for live
Gordon: To validate deeds and in
struments heretofore executed by
Underwood: Amend 2235, Revisal,
so as to allow three days of grace on
bills payable at sight.
Connor: Fix! liability of banks to
depositors for forged or raised
checks. Depositor must notify the
bank within three months of receiv
ing the canceled check.
Connor: Punish derogatory state
ments concerning banks and to pre
vent runs on banks.
Connor: Ameid Act of 1907 relat
ing to the salary of the assistant li
brarian of the Supreme Court.
Weaver: Regulate the use of busi
Grant: Protect labor from certain
Rodwel-1: Relative to property of
insane persons discharged from asy
lums. Morton: Joiit resolution to pro
vide more lights! in corridors And ro
tunda of Capitof.
The Senate lacked a chbrum on
In the House aany bills were pass
ed of a private ature. Chief among
bills of general interest . presented
Currie : Amend jRevisal 3945 and re
lieve manufacturers of fertilizers of
unnecessary requirements. J
Currie: Entitli sale of test farms
by boards of agriculture.
Currie: Establish State highway
- ' . ri I . - .
GOVERNMENT COTTON REPORT
South Carolina Credited With 1,193,-
520 Bale and 4,229 Active Gin
neries. Washington, SpecialThere were
12,667,231 running bales of cotton
ginned from the growth of 108 to
January 16, last, against 10.339,551
a year ago, and 27,441 active ginner
ies, against 27366 a year ago, accord
ing to the Census bureau report of
Saturday. The report counts round
as half bales and excludes linters.
It includes 232,521 round bales for
1909, 188,037 for 1908 and 90,456 Sea
Island bales for 1909, 80J.90 for 1909.
The total bales ginned in 1907 up
to January 16, was l'2,176,199, rep
resenting 93.8 of the crop of that
year and of the 19p crop 93.5 was
ginnea Dy January le.
Today's report shows bales Grin
ned and number of ginners operated
respectively by States as follows:
Alabama 1317.266 3.477
Arkansas.. .. .. .. 931,540 2,115
Florida 931,540 2,115
Georgia 1,951,740 3,458
and New Mexico 1.787 6
Louisiana 458,723 1,096
Mississippi 1,551,265 3,476
Missouri 55,182 78
North Carolina.. .. 661,295 2,756
Oklahoma 621,818 9S4
South Carolina.. ..1,193,420 3,229
Tennessee 321,677 649
Texas 3,529,426 3,148
Virginia 12,614 115
Distribution of Sea Island cotton
for 1909 by States is Florida 345,
007;Georgia 43,244; South Carolina
13,205. The corrected statistics of
the quantity of cotton ginned this
season to January 1 are 12,465,298
SUPPLY OF COTTON.
Secretary Hester's Report Shows
5,563,567 Bales Against 5,415,900
New Orleans, La., Special. Secre
tary Hester's statement of the
world '8 visible supply of cotton is
sued Saturday shows the total vis
ible to be 5,563,567 bales, against
5,415,900 last week and 4,837,600 last
year. Of this the total of American
cotton is 4,529,567, against 4,449,960
last week and 3,734,730 last year,
and of all other kinds, including
Egypt, Brazil, India, etc., 1,034.000,
against 966,000 last week and 1,102,
870 last year.
Of the world's visible supply of
cotton there is now afloat and held
in Great Britain and Continental
Europe 3,207,000, against 2,738,000
last year; in Egypt 297,000, against
238,000 last year; in India 347,000,
against 471,000; and in the United
States 1713,000, against 1,391,000
New York, Special. Spot cotton
quiet; middling uplands 10.00; mid
dling Gulf, 10.25; no sales.
Futures opened firm and closed
Months. Open. High.Low. Close.
Jan 9.78 9.76 9.67
Feb .. .... .... .... 9. 67
March .. 9.70 9.76 9.67 9.68
April .. .. .... 9.67
May .. .. 9.65 9.74 9.65 9.66
June .... 9.60
July .. 9.67 9.67 9.59 9.59
Aug .. .... 9.52 9.46 9.4?
m OCaJTtlS ILL IT WILL 60ST Y0I
I lir Um U to
m& mm I showing the most complete line of bi
I BELOW any other manufacturer or dealer in the world. m
M DO MOT BUY A BICYCLE I; :
k a h sa mm an mmm
or on any kind of terms, until yen have received oar complete Ftm Cmtm
logaes illustrating and describing every kind of high-grade and low-grad
bicycles, old patterns and latest models, and learn of our remarkable LOW
bicycles, old pet
PRICES and wonderful
direct to rider with no middlemen's profits.
WE SHIP O APPROVAL unthoui a cent d&osit. Pay the Freight and
allow io Days rre Trial
boose in the world will do.
able information by simply
we need a KMamf Atwont in every town and can offer an
to make money to suitable
Wo Will Sell
You a Samalo
Pair for Only
OUT THE AIR
m (CASH WITH
ROER S4. 55)
NO MORE TROUBLE FROM PUNCTURES.
Result of IS years experience in tire
making. No danger from THORNS. CAC
TUS. PINS. NAILS. TACKS or GLASS.
Serious punctures, like intentional knife
be vulcanized like any other tire.
Two Hundred Thousand pairs now in actual
Seventy-five Thousand pairs sold last year.
DESCRtPTIOBf I Made in all sizes. It is liwly and easy ridincr, very durable and lined
with a special quality of rubber, vrhich never becomes porous and which closes up small punctur
without allowing the air to escape, we nave nuncreis 01 letters from satisfied customers statin,,
that their tires have only been pumped up once or twice in r whole season. They weigh no more tham
an ordinary tire, the puncture resisting qualities being given by several layers of thin, specially
prepared fabric on the tread. That "Holding Bacfc' ' sensation commonly felt when riding on iTTfheft
or soft roads is overcome by the patent "Basket Weave" tread which prevents all air from brhar
squeezea gut. uctwecu uic Lire axu iuc ivmu umauvuwiuiii- ct.i suction, ine regular pnee Of 1tTmw
Q cm -ruf nur rant f f otjrkin nnrnnaMtmk ari TnnL'!tic o cn' j fMra n i-
tires is 8. 50 per pair, out fcr advertising purposes
of only J4.80 per pair. All orders shipped same day letter is received. We ship C.O.D. on approval.
You do not pay a cent until you have examined ana found them strictly as represented,
We will allow a cash discount of 5 per cent (thereby making the price 94.55 per pair) if you send
FULL CASH WITH ORDER and enclose this svJvertiscment. We will also send one nickel
plated brass hand pump and two Sampson metal puncture closers on full paid orders (these metal
puncture closers to be used in case of intentional knife cuts or heavy gaahes). Tires tq be returned-'
at OCR expense if for any reason they are not satisSactory cn examination.
We are perfectly reliable and money sent to us is as safe as in a bank. Ask ycur Postmaster
Banker, Express or Freight Agant or the Editor of this paper about us. 3f you order a pair'ot
these tires, you will find that they will ride easier, run faster, wear better; last longer and looJk
filler than any tire you have ever used or seen at any price: Ve know that you will be so well pleased
that when you want a bicycle you will give as -;cur order. We want you to send us a small trial
order at once, hence this remarkable tire offer.
rinDOTffO ID IO A V"C ballt-up-wheels, saddles, pedals, pa.u and repairs, and
VWM iM KJme3SMWkKi9p everything in the bicycle, line are sold by us at half the usuaC
prices charged by dealers and repair men. Write for our-rbig SUNDRY catalogue.
mmt iinr f Jut writs us a postal toaay. uu nui xtuiMik ui isuxtNU t
MMV nvi tff bicycle or a par ol
wonderful otters we are malting, it only costs a
MEM CYCLE COMPANY,
9.43 9.48 9.43 9.46
9.41 9.47 9.38 9.41
9.36 9:.40 9.33 9.3S
COLUMBIA COTTON MARKET.
(Quotations by L. V. Dibble.)
The Columbia cotton market for
Saturday was as follows:
Good middling 914
Strict middling ..93-8
Middling .. .. 91-11
Low middling 8141
Raleigh Spot Cotton.
Receipts Saturday 95 bates.
Price, best grades.. ..9 3-4 to 97-8c
"Womanhood Must Be Protected,
Says Negro Bishop.
Franklin, La., Special. "I staad
ready to go with the whites today
right into hell to protect a woman,
white or black, against a fiend," said
Bishop E W. Lampton, of the African
Methodist Episcopal Church, in hi
charge to the Louisiana Conference?
of his church here Saturday night.
"Womanhood must be protected; let
us do our part."
Mrs. Palmer Not Guilty.
Tampa, Fla., Special. The jury
trying Mrs. Pauline Palmer, for the
murder of her husband, Luke Palmer,
in July last,, at their home, Friday
rendered a verdict of not guilty, af
ter a trial lastine a week. The de-
- - J
fense claimed the killing was done to
protect the chastity of Mollie Powers
13-year-old servant girl, who was be
ing assaulted by Palmer at the time.
The State claimed conspiracy to kilt
Palmer for life insurance.
Virginian Railroad Completed.
Roanoke, Va., Special. With the
completion Saturday of the long
bridge across New river, west of'
Roanoke, the last gefp in the line of'
the Virginian Railrad, which has
been built by Henry H. Rogers, from
the coal fields to the sea, was cloaeff
and the first train was run through
from Roanoke to Deepwater, W. Vav
the western terminal.
Are a Necessity
in the Country
The farther you are removed
from town to railroad station, the
more the telephone will save in
time and horse flesh. No man has
a right to compel one of the familv
to he in agony for hours while heJ
drives to town lor the doctor. Tel
ephone and save half the suffering.
Our Free Book tells how to or
ganize, build and operate tele
phone lines and svstems.
Instruments sold on thirtv dava I
usu tu responsiDie parties.
m. Mi w
THE CADIZ ELECTRIC CO.,
201 CCC Budding, Cadiz, Ohio.
write for oar big FREE BICYCLE
Bill ijll WMtKt
nl ifesK Are a Necessity
BICYCLES, TIRES and SUNDRIES at
new offers made possible bv sellinz from factor
and make other liberal terms which no
You will learn everything tad get mmm
writing us a postal.
young men who apply at once.
- PROOF TIRES ?" "
Notice the thick rubber (
"A" and puncture strips 1
and "D," also elm strip 4
to prevent rim rutting. 1
tire will outlast any other
make SOFT, ELASTIC and
EAST BIDING. m
-we are making a special factory price to the
- tires - ,trom anyone untttyouj
Dept. "4 L"