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N K hUflKULINAOntlULHnd
frracted at the Recent Session
of the Legislature.
ELECTROCUTION - NOT HANGING
Epitome of Most Important Laws of
General Interest to the people of
Carolina Many Changes
ffitom the Charlotte Observer.)
Ihe Observer has the satisfaction
of presenting a lucid review of the
last Legislature 's work by Mr. Thom
as W. Alexander, of the Charlotte
bar. Mr. Alexander, writing very
attractively, gives information other
wise unavailable to the general pub
lic. His readers are fortunate in
the trained ability which he combines
with appreciation of their require
ments. There will be surprise at some
almost overlooked, legislative acts,
here pointed out and shown in the
The volume contains 1440 pages, or
925 saparate enactments, together
with 54 resolutions.
Chap. 18 authorizes count com
missioners to establish and maintain
"tuberculosis dispensaries, or sana
toria. Chap. 32 changes time for filing
material man's lien.
Chap. 49 affects the sale of prop
erty under mortgage. The boundaries
of our State wherever disputed are
to he fixed by authority of Chap. 51.
Guardians are permitted to culti
vate the lands of their wards by
A caveat need -not be published
longer than four weeks, instead of
six, as formerly, by Chap. 74.
By Chap. 97 the test farms of the
State ar to be sold.
An act to ' regulate the registra
tion and sale of concentrated com
mercial feeding stuffs" will give deal
ers and manufacturers some whole
By Chap. 150 every city and town
is required to appoint inspectors of
electric, gas and water metres.
The bonds of tax collectors are
governed by an amendment in Chap.
There is a change and enlargement
of licensing physicians by Chap. 218.
"An act to facilitate the release of
mortgages and deeds of trust" is of
some convenience, but you have to
liquidate just as before.
Solid, through freight trains may
be operated on Sunday if they are
careful not to stop too long at any
-station, Chap. 285.
That the Baptist are alive to the
situation is foretold by Chap. 294,
which declares it a misdemeanor to
"'offer for sale within 1 1-2 miles f
any meeting of the Lower County
Line Primitive Baptist Association,
at any time during the three days and
nights of the meeting, any confection
aries, candies, lemonade, coca-cola,
pepsi-cola, soda water, ginger ale, or
any cold or soft drinks or concoc
tions of any kind, whatsoever, of any
The State board of health is auth
orized by Chapter 389 to furnish
diptheria antitoxin under certain con
ditions. Hanging as a mode of capital pun
ishment is abolished and hereafter
all convicts in capital cases will be
sent to the State's prison in Raleigh
The practice of optometry will
hereafter be under a board of exam
iners, whose duty it is to license prac
titioners. The general school law was chang
ed in several respects.
The "Daniel Boone Association"
to pepetuate the memory of that
grand old North Carolinian was
created by Chapter 496.
Chapter 555, an act to provide for
standard weight packages, of meal
and flour and to prevent short
eights is another wholesome piece
of literature, while "Stock or poul
try tonic" is thoroughly regulated.
Chapter 628 allows the registers of
feeds of the several counties of the
State to appoint deputies. Hotels,
stools, hospitals, etc., are admon
to have fire escapes by Chapter
'ounty commissioners may now
reward for the apprehension of
rs iis attempting arson. Chapter
provides for the register of deeds
to dark the index "satisfied" in re
jafd to mortgages and other encum
ttices when same are paid and thus
SjJ result in the saving of a great
deal of time in title searching,
i n act to regulate the 'packing of
sh and the sale thereof will be read
rnK the coast with some interest.
apter 677 authorizes clerks of
lo ircrease allowance from $20
Chap. 42 raises salary of .Commis
sioner of Labor and Printing to
By Chap. 83 the sura of $68,056.70
is returned to the State's prison de
partment out of its former earnings.
Judges of Superior Courts now get
$100 per week extra for holding spe
cial terms, to be paid by the county
in which same are held.
Chap. 83 is very comprehensive in
attempting to render secure from
fires woodland's above the contour
line of 2,000 feet.
By Chap. 176 the property of peo
ple discharged from insane asylums
is to be governed.
The assistant State Librarian gets
a raise to $900.
The oath of road overseer is affect
ed by Chap. 110.
Marriage may now be performed
by a "minister authorized by his
Church" in addition to being ordain
ed." Real estate sold under execution
deed of trust or motgage will have to
be advertised only ''once a week."
Chapter 709 requires clerks of
court to make entries descriptive of
land where judgment affects same, s
Druggists will have to refrain from
selling cocaine indiscriminately. This
amendment is a very worthy and im
portant one as police claim that the
habit is growing among the negroes
and is responsible for much crime,
the effect being to give the user a
great deal of "nerve."
Chapter 722 provides for the "reg
istration of deaths in municipalities"
and is very exacting in details.
The militia of the State will read
with great interest Chapter 745,
where many innovations appear.
It is now unlawful to manufacture,
sell or give away duplicate switch
Funeral directors and embalmers
are hereafter exempt from jury duty,
especially in capital cases.
A parent guilty of abandonment of
his children will hereafter forfeit
custody of same.
The law of general assignment for
benefit of creditors is materially
Banks are granted immunity on
forged checks unless notified . in six
"An act regarding corporations"
is one relating to corporations selling
securities. An act of great impor
tance is Chapter 504 which is design
ed to protect employes of corpora
tions engaged in industrial commerce
and to allow them the exemptions al
lowed by law.
An act which overrules the case of
H. M. Victor vs. Louise Mills, et al.,
148 N. C, 107, is Chapter 507 by
which a corporation may insure the
life of any officer or agent for its own
An act to 1 ' require all employers
of female employes to provide seats
therefor" will be appreciated by
clerks and others who are now com
pelled to stand all day.
The giving of worthless checks,
drafts or orders is declared to be
prima facie evidence of fraud by
Another law in regard to corpora
tions is one making stockholders per
sonally liable for costs of dissolution.
All dealers in seed or grain should
not fail to read the law on "impure
or misbranded agricultural and vege
Chapter 858 goes after employers
who blacklist discharged employes.
Express companies will have to
make prompt settlement of cash on
delivery shipments hereafter.
The "State Association of County
Commissioners" is incorporated.
Life insurance companies are pre
vented from forfeiting life policies
without, notice in the future, while
domestic insurance companies should
read Chapter 9220. V
A new legal holiday, April 12, is es
tablished in commemoration of the
"Halifax Resolutions." The 20th of
May is of course one already.
Building and loan associations will
be interested in reading Chapter 898.
A proviso that no bank shall com
mence business with less than $5,000
capital is provided for in Chapter
Fire insurance companies are re
quired to make deposits with the
State to protect their contracts, etc.
The objects for which' the State
taxes are levied are declared to be
for the expenses of the government,
support of charitable and penal in
stitutions and specific appropriations
and interest on State debt. The poll
tax is fixed at $1.29 while the ad
valorem tax is 43 cents on the $100
valuation; corporations to make pay
ment to the State Treasurer of cer
tain taxes. All exemptions granted
are repealed except where the pro
ceeds go to charity, etc. A graduated
inheritance tax is prescribed,
ranging from 75 cents on the $100
valuation to $5 on the same, depen
dent upon the degree of kinship,
"Was your gross income from salar
ies, fees, trades, professions, and
property not taxed, in excess of $1,
000 f " is a stiff Question to answer at
the rate of $1 per $100. Theatres
have a graduate tax along with
theatrical companies, circuses, etc.
Attorneys, physicians and denists
are charged $5. Real estate, coal
dealers, undertakers, horse dealers,
fortune-tellers, gift enterprises, deal
ers in futures, druggists selling liq
uor, and so on through the list of oc
cupations. The revenue act is very
similar to the former act and pre
sents no novel features.
The general law in regard to motor
vehicles (with exception of New Hanover-
county) provides for a $5' regis
tration fee payable to the Secretary
of State, $3 of which is refunded to
the county in which' the motor ve
hicle is operated, and for $1 annual
renewal fee. All motor vehicles must
bear a designated number and dis
play the same in front and rear.
There are many provisions in regard
to operating and using motor, ve
hicles, such as requiring all male oc
cupants over 15 years old of an auto
to get out and help hold a refractory
horse when encountered on the high
TROUBLE IN SOUTH AMERICA
Bolivia is Disquieted Mobs Attack
Peruvian and Argentine Legations
Minister From the Argentine
With His Wife Run For Their
LaPaz, Bolivia, Special. The
guards protecting the Peruvian and
Argentine legations were suddenly
withdrawn Saturday evening, for
tome unknown reason. When this be
came known, street mobs renewd
their attacks on the legations, caus-v
nig serious damage.
The Argentine minister, Senor Fen
seca, and his wife, had a narrow es
cape from injury. They made their
way out of the legation and ran a dis
tance of eight blocks, finally seeking
protection in the home of the Presi
dent of Bolivia.
No explanation has been made as
to why the strict measures ordered
by the authorities at the first sign of
trouble have not been enforced. Man
ifestations have been numerous in
public places, and at a meeting held
Saturday, a portrait of Figueroa Al-
corta, President of Argentina, was
placed head downwards on a pole and
stoned to pieces.
It is reported here that consider
able excitement prevails at Lima and
Buenos Ayres, and the Argentine
government's silence in the face of
Bolivian protests is regarded as
La Paz was given over Sunday
night to riot. The people swarmed in
to the streets and did much damage.
The electric wires were cut and pil
laging was begun on all sides. Shots"
were heard in every direction. The
situation for foreigners, especially
Peruvian and Argentine residents, is
Hurricane Sweeps Panama.
Panama, Special. A hurricane of
unusual severity occurred Saturday
night, doing much damage to prop
erty. The electric plant in Panama
was put out of commission and the
city was left in darkness, which serv
ed to increase the alarm. At the time
there was a great crowd at the Na
tional theatre. The performance
came to an end but the audience re
mained comparatively quiet.
Many of the residents, who were
unaccustomed to such violent storms
left their houses, seeking safety with
in the churches, the doors of whieh
were thrown open to shelter the
It is feared that the interior and
coast towns have suffered consider
ably. The government has dispatch
ed two steamers.
Gets a life Sentence.
Marianna, Fla., Special. His
wife '8 story that Dr. H. Alexander
had kissed her while she was a pa
tient in his chair caused J. V. White
to kill the dentist several months
ago and Saturday the resulting trial
ended with the jury's cerdict of sec
ond degree murder, which carries
with it a sentence of life imprison
ment. White's plea was that of self
defense, he asserting that after the
trouble had been "patched up" he
met Dr. Alexander in a dark street
and believed that he was about to
be attacked. The dentist was armed
only with an umbrella and five bullets
were fired at him byWhite. Witness
es, however testified that White had
threatened to kill Dr. Alexander.
Tornado Kills Six.
Ortonville, Minnl, Special. Six
people were killed, fifteen were in
jured and much property was de
stroyed Sunday by a tornado which
passed over this section.
The tornado demolished two dwell
ing houses, the round house, coal
sheds and five boarding cars of the
Milwaukee & St. Paul Rail
road. About 40 Italian laborers were
in the cars and of these, five were
killed and 15 injured. Phillip de Griff,
a bus driver, was killed by being
hurled against a tree when his vehicle
was blown over and crushed. The tor
nado was accompanied by a heavy
rain and hail storm.
NEWS FROM WASHINGTON
Notwithstanding the fact that
Monday was a legal holiday the Sen
ate put in a full day's time, and busi
ness proceeded from 10 o'clock in the
morning until 5:35 o'clock in the
afternoon with punctilious regularity
and exceptional celerity. The result
was marvelous. Not since the tariff
bill has come into the Senate has so
much been accomplished within a
day. 1 Indeed, when the sitting came
to an end a summary of the proceed
ings showed that there was very lit
tle left to be done. The principal
item still to be considered was the
tobacco tax, the figures on which had
not been mpleted by the committee
when the oenate adjourned.
There was only a small part of the
memjef s present when the House
met. Chaplain Couden offered a
prayer expressing patriotism appro
priate to the day.
A message from the President rec
ommending an appropriation to pay
the claim of a subject of Montenegro
for the loss of certain property in
Texas in 1865 was read and referred
to the committee on appropriations.
Completing the tariff bill in the
committee of the whole, that measure
was Tuesday reported to the Senate,
so that legislation providing for cus
toms duties is now regarded as on the
home stretch. The question was
brought to a close temporarily by a
motion to adjourn for the day to af
ford Senators an opportunity to look
over the reprint of the bill before tak
ing further action. The adjournment
was with the understanding that when
the body reconvenes all sections of
the bill that Senators do not desire
to reserve for further amendment
shall be agreed to en bloc. The Sen
ate will then consider the tobacco
tax, the only amendment not adopted
in the committee of the whole. The
Senate jogged along in uneventful
fashion, until Senator Smoot stated
that he had an amendment recom
mended by the committee on finance,
fixing duties on tobacco. He sent it
to the desk to be read.
This preliminary procedure Conclud
ed, Senator Daniel, of Virginia, rank
ing minority member of the commit
tee on finance, disputed the state
ment of the Senator from Utah that
provision had been recommended by
the committee. He characterized it
as another "bogus committee amend
ment," stating that the minority
members of the committee had never
seerLiit .until it had been completed.
. Senator Bailey moved his income
tax amendment Wednesday as a sub
stitute for the finance commitee's
provision.. A vote was taken upon it
and it 'was rejected by a majority of
19, the ballot being 28 to- 47.
With the corporation.4-provision
thus established as a par&.of, the tar
iff bill, there was considerable effort
to amend it. In one notable case this
effort was successful. Senator Clapp,
of Minnesota, who has been a severe
critic of the provision ever since its
introduction because it excluded
"holding" companies, renewed his
criticism and was supported by other
Senators. The result was the accep
tance of an amendment by Mr. Clapp
striking out the exemption of -such
companies. Assurance was also given
that every effort would be made to
retain the amendment in conference.
Senator Daniel offered a new plan
for taxing corporations with gross in
comes above $300,000 at the rate of
1-4 of 1 per cent, upon their gross
Refering lightly to the "pretended
weariness" of the Rhode Island Sen
ator, he described him as "a wizard"
at , whose sign "insurgents marched
with tread of Roman soldiers to bring
No time was lost Friday by the
conferees of the House and Senate
in getting together to map out the
program for the many sessions that
must be held for the purpose of put
ting the finishing touches upon the
Chairman Aldrich, of the Senate
ffinance committee, and chairman
Payne of the House ways and means
committee, agree that is may be pos
sible to reach an agreement within
10 days, but are not sanguine of their
ability of getting the conference re
ports adopted speedily after they
have been presented to the House and
An amendment by Senator John
son, of Alabama, declaring the fnten
tion of the United States eventually
to grant independence to the Philip
pines was opposed as being out of
place and was rejected.
By the adoption of a House resolu
tion, an invitation was accepted by
Congress to be represented at the
Before adjoining the Senate re
ceived official announcement of the
death of Representative Cushman of
Washington, and adjourned out of
respect to his memory.
TARIFF BILL PASSES
SENATE BY 45 TO 34
Ten Insurgents Against One Dem
ocrat For Measure.
TOBACCO GROWERS' TAX LIFTED
Committee Named and the Plan is to
Have Bill Bent to Conference Im
mediately Senate Removes To
Washington, D. C. The Senate
passed the Tariff bill by a vote of 45
to 34. Ten Republican votes were re
corded against the bill and one Demo
cratic vote for it. The Republicans
voting in the negative were: Bever
idge, Indiana; Bristow, Kansas;
Brown, Nebraska; Burkett, Nebras
ka; Clapp, Minnesota; Crawford,
South Dakota; Cummins, Iowa; Dolli
ver, Iowa; La Follette, Wisconsin,
and Nelson, Minnesota. McEnery, of
Louisiana, was the single Democrat
recorded in the affirmative.
The vote in detail was as follows:
Yeas Senators Aldrich, Borah,
Bourne, Bradley, Brandegee, Briggs,
Bulkeley, Burnham, Burrows, Bur
ton, Carter, Clark (Wyoming), Crane,
Depew, Dick, Dixon, Dupont, Elkins,
Flint, Frye, Galiinger, Gamble, Gug
genheim, Hale, Heyburn, Johnson
(North Dakota), Kean, Lorlmer,
Jones, McCumber, McEnery, Nixon,
Oliver, Page, Penrose, Perkins, Piles,
Scott, Smith (Michigan), Smoot, Ste
phenson, Sutherland, Warner, War
ren and Wetmore 45.
Nays Senators Bacon, Bailey,
Bankhead, Beveridge, Bristow, Brown,
Burkett, Chamberlain, Clapp, Craw
ford, Culberson, Cummins, Daniel,
Dollivec. Fletcher, Foster, Frazier,
Gore, Hughes, Johnston (Alabama),
La Follette, McLaurin, Martin, Money,
Nelson, Newlands, Overman, Owen,
Shively, Simmons, Smith (South Car
olina), Stone, Taliaferro and Taylor
The vote came after a continuous
session of more than fifteen hours, in
which amendment after amendment
was defeated by being laid on the ta
ble. Immediately after the announce
ment of the vote the Vice-President
announced that the conferees would
be Senators Aldrich, Hale, Burrows,
Penrose and Cullom for the Republi
cans, and Bailey, Money and Daniel
for the Democrats.
Two important amendments were
included in the measure in the day,
and a number of minor changes were
wrought at the night session. Chief
of the amendments was that offered
by Senator Bradley, of Kentucky, to
remove the tax of six cents a pound
on tobacco "in the hand," to relieve
the growers of a burden blamed for
the "night rider" outrages. The ac
ceptance of the amendment came as a
distinct surprise, the Senate fre
quently having refused to remove the
The other Important amendment
was offered by Mr. Curtis, of Kansas.
It places a countervailing duty on
The last hours of the debate were
exciting. The galleries were crowded
to witness the end of the first stage of
the big Senatorial fight and members
from the House crowded the rail of
the Senate chamber from one side of
the President's desk all around to the
other, and they stood patiently
through the speeches waiting for the
end. When all was over, before the
Senate adjourned the Republicans
crowded up around Mr. Aldrich to
congratulate him on his success, and
it "was several minutesbefore order
. cnnld bft restored and the motion to
aujourn be put.
By a vote of 178 to 151 the House
non-concurred in the Senate's 847
amendments to its Tariff bill and
agreed to send the bill to conference,
eighteen Republicans voting against
it and one Democrat for it.
TWO DIE IN A WHISKY WAR.
North Carolina's Attempt to Enforce
Law Leads to Bloodshed.
Raleigh, N. C Two officers killed
by manufacturers of illicit whisky
and the arrest of J. Dannenberg, a
representative of New York, Balti
more, Richmond and other brewers,
are part of the day's record in the at
tempt being made in North Carolina
to enforce, by State and municipal
officers, the new State prohibition
Persons whom Dannenberg repre
sented are said to have attempted to
f defy the new city license on "near
beer," an alleged "prohibition
drink, which has had a large sale
for months In North Carolina. Pro
hibitionists charge the decoction will
Intoxicate, and in one town an ordi
nance Imposing a fine of $50 for
every hottle sold wa3 passed.
ROCKEFELLER GIVES $10,OCO,0fo
His Benefactions Now Amount to
New York City. The General Ed
ucation Board announced that John
D. Rockefeller had contributed 1Q,
000,MM more to carry forward the
general, e duration plan for the endow
ment of colleges and universities
throughout tH TTo-y states. This
additional giit Lnigs the total sum
contributed by Mr. Rockefeller to tbia
special education f unci to $53,000,000.
IJea new given away $112,655,
000, more thafKninety-five per cent,
of which has gone to the genera'
cause of education.
M SHOT DEAD
AS SDN FIGHTS TlEF
irfrs. George Staber, of Flatbush,
Killed by Burglar.
FIERCE BATTLE FOR PISTOL
iToung Staber Wins and Wounds Bur
glar as He Flees With Pal
Traces of Blood Revealed Their
Flatbush, L. I. A shot fired by
ne of two yeggmen, with whom Ed
fvard A. Staber, of No. 455 East
Eighteenth street, was fighting for
tils life, killed the young man's
mother, Mrs. Sophie L. Hjousberg
Staber, who stood in the doorway of
tier room, on the second floor of the
lome about 3 o'clock a. m., when the
iwo men entered the home of George
R. Staber, the father, a paper im
porter, of No. 127 Duane street, New
Fork City, and awakened the family.
Edward Staber, who is only twenty
two years old, grappled with one of
the men, although he was unarmed,
md the two men had a revolver a ad
in ammonia pistol. Three shots ware
9red by the man with whom young
Staber was wrestling, and the fiird
shot, which burned Staber's sid3, is
the one which killed his mother.
The man then dropped the revolver
ind young Staber picked it up and
fired twice at him as he fled, hitting
aim in the arm and in the side. Six
hours later, through the assistance of
citizens, who traced the wounded man
by blood stains and the visits of hie
companion, the police got both men,
who admitted that they had been in
the house, but denied having fired
the shot which killed Mrs. Staber.
One of them, a Hungarian, calling
himself John Smith, was found in -miserable
plight in some woods more
than a mile away from the house.
lodged in the bone at his elbow. The
other buried Itself in his abdomen.
The other man, an Austrian, who said
he was Carlo Grio, was captured by a
Sicilian cobbler from whom he had
The entrance of the men Into the
Staber home, one of several detached
frame houses in the neighborhood,
the murder and the quiet flight of
the men occupied only a few mo
ments. The entire family was asleep
on the second floor.
Jimmy marks on the cellar door
and the jamb of the kitchen door
showed that the men had first tried
to enter that way, but later they
forced the kitchen window instead.
The men went immediately to the
southeast bedroom on the second
floor, occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Sta
ber. In the adjoining room were
their two daughters, the Misses
Marie and Emily Staber, the latter
being ill. Two doors down the hall
is the guest chamber, which was oc
cupied by Mr. and Mrs. Franz Khorn,
relatives of Mrs. Staber, who were to
have sailed next day for Germany.
The son's room was across the hall
from this one.
One of the men carried an electric
flashlight. The ray from this, hitting
Mr. Staber's face, awakened him.
"Who's there?" he cried. "What la
"Keep still and nothing will hap
pen to you," a strange voice reolied.
"All we want is the money. If you
give that tip, you won't get hurt."
The voice awakened Mrs. Staber.
Her screams alarmed the two daugh
ters in the next room, and they be
gan to scream loudly, arousing the
son. who rn from his room to Inter
cept the jobbers.
BUMPER CORN CROP . FOR 10OO.
Government Report Indicates a Har
vest of Over 3,000,000,000 Bushels.
Washington, D. C. An enormous
crop of corn, probably for the first
time in the history of the country ex
ceeding 3,000,000,000 bushels, is in
dicated by the monthly report of the
Agricultural Department. Expecta
tions had been, in view of June's very
favorable weather, for a good report;
and. although it failed entirely to
meet all that had been predicted for
it, the report was considered as gen
erally fulfilling expectations.
The report on corn had been
awaited with most Interest, recent
predictions of an enormous crop hav
ing given rise to much speculation as
to the actual outlook for the 190
harvest. From the Government's fig
ures it Is figured that a crop of
161.174,000 bushels is in sight. The
nearest approach to this figure in any
other year was in 1906, when 2.927,
000,000 bushels were harvested.
BLACK HAND AGENTS SHOT.
Carlo Taresi, a Barber, at New Brigh
ton, Says They Demanded Money.
New Brighton, Staten Island. Car
lo Taresi, a barber, shot and killed
Joseph Zena and seriously wounded
Espesto Parenta near his shop at No.
242 Broadway. He was arrested on a
charge of homicide. He eays the two
men wer e Black Hand agents to whom
he -f?fused longer to pay blood money.
rr shoot4g vmz attended by a
thrilling chase down the.min street
of West New Brizhtou. Scores of
persons who saw Taresi kill his man
and bowl over the second with a
charge of lead slugs, which screamed
close to the heads of a crowd of chil
dren, threatened to lynch him. Tare
si's version of the tragedy, told hurri
edly, checked the demonstration.