INDEPENDENCE IJW ALL THINGS. Subscription Price. $1.00 Per Year in Advance.
COLUMBUh, POLK COUNTY, N. C, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1909.
1 COOK, OF BROOKLYN,
behches NORTH POLE
Hessage Sent to Wife Announc
ing Succsss and Safety.
AMERICAN'S WONDERFUL FEAT
gartMnp Cold of the .Tourney to
the North Described Men and
Dogs Perish on the Way
lkimos Turn Back.
Other Efforts Made to fleach the
The following table of statis
tics shows former efforts to
reach the North Pole and their
1 S 9 ".
. Phipps .
. Parry . .
.Greely S3. 24
.Abruzzi . . .S6.33
Brussels, Belgium. The observa
tory here received the following tele
gram, dated Lerwick, Shetland Isl
ands: "Reached North Pole April 21,
If 08. Discovered land far north.
Return to Copenhagen by steamer
The American officials at the ob
servatory state the dispatch is surely
In ten day the party only pro
gressed two degrees of latitude, being
frequently compelled to turn back
and make long detours around im
passable ice barriers.
The party was now reduced to
twenty dogs. Many fell from weak
ness and were devoured by the
hungry survivors in the pack.
Within 100 miles of the goal the
icefield became heavier, the obstacles
greater, but there were no deep rifts.
The party saw no sign either of
land or of an open polar sea; only ice,
ice, ice everywhere.
The temperature was seldom above
fifty degrees below zero. The actual
Pole was reached on April 21. Most
careful observations were taken. J
Nothing was to be seen but the il
limitable fields of ice no evidence of
land, or life, or water.
The party remained thirty-six
houps taking observations at the Pole.
On the return trip the expedition was
reduced to half rations and only two
faithful Eskimos survived. All the
ammunition was gone before the
Greenland shores were reached May
A Citizen of Brooklyn.
Brooklyn, N. Y. Dr. Frederick A.
Cook has taken part in half a dozen
notable exploring expeditions in his
life time, in Arctic and Antarctic re
gions, and in mountain climbing. In
this last his greatest feat was the
ascent of Mount McKlnley, in Alaska,
in 1906, after unsuccessful attempts
in 1903 by himself, and before that
by several geographical societies.
From his boyhood Dr. Cook has
been interested in scientific achieve
ments. He was born at Callicoon
Depot, Sullivan County, New York,
June 10, 1865, the son of Dr. Theo
dore Albert Cook the family name
was originally Koch, but was changed
after coming to this country. He re
ceived his education in the public
schools of Brooklyn and in Callicoon,
and was graduated in medicine from
the University of New York City in
1890. In 1892 he married Mary
tion that ever penetrated northern
latitudes, could only get within one
hundred- miles of the earth's apex,
I cannot conceive how Cook has done
it on his nerve, so to speak. How
could he persuade the natives to go
with him as carriers, for carriers he
must have had cr starve? Food and
fuel sufficient to last for months must
have been taken along, and how and
where would he get the funds to buy
the food or the men and dogs to car
DOWIE'S SUCCESSOR JAILED.
Voliva Says He'll Stay Six Months
Bather Than Pay Judgment.
Chicago, 111. Wilbur Glenn Voliva,
successor to the late John Alexander
Dowie as head of the Dowie religious
cult, was placed in' the ricHenry
County Jail, at Woodstock, 111., in
default of payment of a $10,000 Judg
ment rendered against him by Judge
Wright in favor of Philip Motherill,
a farmer of Montana.
The judgment was obtained on a
slander charge brought by Motherill.
Voliva declared he would stay in jail
the entire six months rather than pay
DESTROYER'S GREAT RECORD.
Flusser Does Three Knots Faster
Than Any Ship in U. S. Navy.
Rockland, Me. A record three
knots faster than that of any ship
in the United States Navy was scored
by the Bath built torpedo boat de
stroyer Flusser in a standardization
trial, the first of her official accept
ance trials on the Rockland mile
course. Her fastest mile was made
at the rate of 33.7 knots an hour,
while another was at the rate of 33.4
knots. The average of her five top
speed runs was 32.7 knots.
KILLED BEFORE FIRST FLIGHT.
Louis Raynaud, Aeroplane Inventor.
Struck by a Passenger Train.
New Orleans, La. Louis Raynaud,
the inventor of an airship, which
was to have . its initial flight herer
and a party of three others, return",
ing home in a wagon from a day's
work on the aeroplane, were struck
by a New Orleans and Great North
ern passenger train at Gentilly road
and Bruxelles street here. Raynaud
died shortly after being taken to the
Charity Hospital. Two of his com-
' panions were slightly injured.
Francis H. Leggett Dies Suddenly.
Francis H. Leggett, a prominent
wholesale grocer of New York City,
died suddenly in an ambulance while
being taken to the North Hudson
Hospital in Union Hill, N. J., from
the West Shore Railroad ferryhouse
at Weehawken. The cause of his
death was presumed to be heart disease.
DR. FREDERICK A. CCCK, DISCOVERER OF THE NORTH POLE.
authentic and that the North Pole has
been reached for the first time and
by an American.
Lerwick, Shetland Islands. Dr.
Cook says that the most important
iiscovery made in his journey of
fcore than '200 miles farther north
than any human has ever gone before
Is a now strip of land more than 30,
000 square miles in extent, inhabited
ff polar animals and game of consid
B( fore reaching the Pole Dr. Cook
Mered almost killing hardships
from hunger and cold.
Fidell Hunt, who is now a resident of
Chief Engineer MelviUe's Opinion.
Philadelphia, Pa. 'If Dr. Cook
has discovered the North Pole it is
nothing, less than a miracle," said
Rear-Admiral Melville?, retired, him
self well posted on the difficulties of
exploration in northern latitudes.
"Without backing, money, outfit
and equipment. I don't see how Cook
could have ever reached the Pole,
let alone live through the return
innrnev." said the Admiral. "If
.Prom Eskimos who accompanied . peary, with the best equipped expedi
lue i-.piorer it was learnea tnat tne
party lived upon immense catches of
"ear meat which resulted from the
pat hunt of Eskimos on the Green
'anl iore just before Cook's party
arrived at Annootok.
Large quantities of these stores
re .aid at a point 700 miles from
P le. During the long winter
ieds were prepared, equipment
instruments packed for the jour-
ross the iqe packs, which was
:in at least a month before the
idwn of light in the spring of
Colorado Corporation Tax Valid.
At Denver, Col., Judge Lewis, in the
Federal Court, held the Colorado
State tax of $2 a year for every $1000
of capital stock of foreign corpora
tions valid. The Atchison, Topeka
and Santa Fe Railroad complained
that the tax was an interference with
Suffocated by Own Invention.
Milton J. Kent, of Warren and
Orleans streets, Newark, N. J., went
to the house at No. 454 Fourth ave
nue to exterminate roaches by a pat
ent gas and was suffocated by his own
preparation. He was dead when
found by his partner who went to
search for him when he did not return.
England Depends on Navy.
Admiral Lord Charles Beresford
told Canadians at Montreal "our peo
ple in England have a weary look,"
and that the continuance of the Brit
ish Empire depends on its supremacy
on all seas.
Baseball Fan Dies Cheering.
Cheering vigorously for a player
who had just knocked a home run in
an amateur ball game Robert Myers,
sixty-five, dropped dead of heart dis
ease at Chicago.
actual start by pr. Cook, ac
nied by ten Eskimos on a
heavily laden sledges, drawn
r a hundred dog3, was made on
He next four weeKs nearly 200
was accomplished. Numerous
'ixen, several bear and hare
1 illed and eaten during this
. The cold was frightful. The
: fell at times to more than
' degrees below zero.
than twenty dogs died from
ire, and four of the Eskimos
' d and turned back, taking two
ieds and some of the supplies
o more weeks Dr. Cook and
hful followers left him say
y reached the latitude of 84
LaV Hec-' longitude 86 deg. 36 sec.
habit- s found UP to this point, in
Hobif by much game. Bevond this
Luciiea me Arctic waste ior
o JO miles of ice, where no
Seis ns seemed to live, except
foun(i a ew marks of which were
MAP OF THE NORTH POLAR REGION.
Showing the route which Dr. Cook intended to take and the points reached
by other explorers. :
PEARY AT POLE TOO
Dispatches Flash Over the
REACHES GOAL APRIL 6, 1909
Several Messages Sent Including One
to Mr3. Peary Leave No Doubt of
Their Meaning Did Not Know of
Dr. Cook's Discovery.
New York, Special. From out the
Arctic 4arkness there were flashed
Monday the messages which stun
ned the scientific world and thrilled
the heart of every layman. From
the bleak coast of Labrador Peary
gave to the' world the news that he
had attained his goal in the far
north, while at the same moment in
far off Denmark Dr. Frederick A.
Cook, of Brooklyn, was being dined
and lionized by royalty for the same
Undeniably Yankee grit has . con
quered the frozen north and there has
been created a coincidence such as
the world will never see again.
The Americans have planted the
flag of their country in the land of
ice which man has sought to pene
trate for four centuries and each,
ignorant of tbe other's conquest, has
flashed within a period of five days a
laconic message of success to the
The following telegrams tell the
fact that there is a story coming.
New York, Special. Peary has
"Indian Harbor, via Capo Ray, N. F.,
September 6. .
"To Associated Press, New York.
"Stars and Stripes nailed to North
"Indian Harbor, via Cape Ray, N. F.,
"Herbert L. Bridgeman, Brooktyn,
"Pole reached. Roosevelt safe.
"Indian Harbor, via Cape Ray, N. F.,
"I have the pole April 6.- Expect
arrive Cheateau bay September 7.
Secure control wire for me ther.s and
arrange to expedite transmission of
bis: story. (Signed)
April 6, 1909 the date that Peary
planted the flag at the Pole and
April 21, 1908, the day that Dr. Cook
unfurled the stars and stripes a year
before, consequently become the car
dinal dates upon which exploration
of the far North will rest hereafter.
Though separated by nearly a year,
the same feat was accomplished by
two Americans, neither of whom was
aware of the movements of the other.
Cook says that he found no traces
of Peary in the moving ice and ad
cording to word which was received
here through Capt. Robert Barttett,
of Peary's ship, the Roosevelt, late
Monday night, Peary likewise- found
no signs of his reputed predecessor.
"However, this phase of Peary's ex
perience will net be thoroughly clear
ed up until a statement is obtained
from his own lips.
A Washington dispatch says :
Commander Robert E. Peary, al
most three years ago prophetically
outlined his view of the value and in
terest attached to the achievement
he announced in the dispatches Mon
day. The penetration of the frozen
heart of the Arctic circle, the news
of Peary's feat following close upon
the heels of Dr. Cook's planting of
the American flag at the same spot,
evoked enthusiastic plaudits in Wash
ington. Everywhere among armb
and navy officers and scientists and
official Washington, generally, only
words of praise were spoken.
Dr. Cook was intensely interested
at the cablegrams and said: "That
is good news. I hope Peary did get
to the Pole. His observations and
reports on that region will confirm
mine. 11 -v ,
Asked if there was any probability
of Peary 's having found the tube con
taining his records, Dr. Cook replied :
"I hope so, but that i doubtful on
account of the drift."
He added: f
" Commander Peary would ' have
reached the Pole this year. Probably
while I was in the Arctic region last
vear his route was several hundred
miles, east of mine. We are rivals,
of course, but the pole is good enough
"That two men got to the Pole
along different paths," continued the
explorer, "should furnish large additions-
to scientific knowledge. Prob
ably other parties will reach it in the
next ten years, since every explorer
is helped by the experience of his
predecessors, just as Sverdrup's ob
servations and reports wer.s of im
measurable help to me. I can say
nothing more, without knowing fur
ther details, than that I am glad-of
J. P. Morgan, who ha been oni
Ing a yachting trip, returned to N
Former Solicitor-General Hoyt was
selected as the State Department's
John T. McCutcheon, the artist and
cartoonist, of Chicago, went to Africa
to paint wild animals.
Governor Hughes, of New York, en
tertained Governor Fort, of New Jer
sey, at Saranac Inn, N. Y.
President Taft and Secretary Knox
began work on the new Far Western
bureau of the State Department.
Mark Twain was ordered by his
doctor to cut down his smoking. He
is suffering from "tobacco heart."
Ricardo Jiminez, who was favored
by President Zelaya, of Nicaragua,
was elected President of Costa Rica.
Jens Sverson Westengard, of Chi
cago, has been appointed general ad
viser to the Siamese Government at
Dr. T. G. Bonney was elected presi
dent of the British Association for
the Advancement of Science for the
Collector Loeb, of New York City,
boarded the 'liner George Washington
to see that the customs laws were en
Justice Gaynor returned to New
York City from Europe. He would
hot say whether he would accept a
nomination for Mayor.
Bishop Fallows, ' of Chicago, ex
pressed the conviction that communi
action with spirits is possible and
soon would become frequent.
The British Government decided to
offer Sir Wilfrid Laurier the position
of First Governor-General of South
Africa as a tribute to his reconcilia
tion of races in Canada.
An earthquake at Panama did not
damage the canal.
A serious epidemic of typhoid fever
broke out in Cobalt. Ontario.
The Waters-Pierce Oil Company
announced its property in Texas as
President Diaz started a fund for
the relief of Monterey, Mexico, with
a subscription of $30,000.
The mutineers at Athens over
turned the Cabinet and obtained their
demands without bloodshed.
A breakfast in honor of the aero
nauts was given at Rheims, France.
Cordial speeches were made.
The new City Directory showed
41,292 more names for Manhattan
and the Bronx than last year.
A cave-in at Scranton, Pa., did
$200,000 damage. Most of the Four
teenth Ward settled eight feet.
The Hudson-Fulton Commission is
sued an official circular announcing
the program for the celebration.
The latest estimate of the damage
by flood at Monterey, Mexico, is 1400
dead, 15,000 homeless and $12,000,
000 property loss
Joe Kane, eleven, confessed to kill
ing Frances Lord, aged three, at Bur
lington, N. J., and said he did not
know why he shot her.
Brave and cool headed nuns led
600 children to safety from a fire
that destroyed St. Malachy's Orphan
Asylum at Rockaway Park, L. I.
The police of Bar Harbor, Me.,
closed a cottage where gambling had
been carried on and drove those who
conducted the place out of town.
It was said that New York City
curb brokers would be prosecuted for
circulating misleading information
regarding mining stocks through the
Work on a New Railroad.
Asheville, Special. Shanties have
been built along the route, and before
the end of the week work will begin
on the Smoky Mountain Railroad,
which will extend fourteen miles up
Hazel Creek through one of the finest
timber tracts in this region. The
road is being built by the Ritter Lum
Barbee is Acquitted.
Durham, Special. Reuben Barbee
gained his freedom Saturday evening
at 7 :30 after the jury had been out an
hour and forty minutes. The verdict
came as a general surprise, the com
mon prophecy being that a mistrial
or some secondary verdict would fol
low. It took but little argument to
reach the conclusion that Solomon
Shepard's evidence had muddled the
waters enough to give the defendant
his liberty, and twice Barbee goes
free on murder charges.
R.NG FOR CHICKS.
Growing chicks need considerable
range, and it is difficult indeed to
raise them in srmll pen?. If they,
must be confined within certain lim
its, the yards should be of large pro
portions that there troay be green
food growing :n tvem all the time, or,
failing in that, the green food must
be sup-died each day. Farmers'
Says the Camden Post: It is to
be' presumed that the eight promin
ent men indicted by tho Federal
Grand Jury in New York City in con
nection with th? Sugar Trust's cap
ture of Adolph Segal's new Philadel
phia refinery will claim that they are
victims of pubi c clamor. They may
interpose between themselvBS ?nd the
sword of justice the statute of limi
tations and possibly may escape pun
ishment. The public has reason to
be sceptical of the effectiveness of
this belated, attempt to enforce the
Are a Necessity j
in the Country
The farther you are removed
from town to railroad station, the
more the telephone will save in
time and horse flesh. No man has
a right to compel one of the family
to lie in agony for hours while he
drives to town for the doctor. Tel-j
ephone and save half the suffering. (
Uur r ree book tells how to or
ganize, build and operate tele
phone lines and systems".
Instruments sold on thirty days'
trial to responsible parties.
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