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VOL X V.
COLUMBUh, POLK COUNTY, N. C THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 10,1909..
EDWARD HENRY HARRiMAN
DIES g arden; n. y.
Most Potential Factor in Ameri
can Railways Gone.
STARTED AS A BROKER'S CLERK
jt Was nis Ambition to Control the
Transportation System of the
Country Ability as a Builder,
Not a Wrecker.
Arden, N. Y. Edward H. Harri
pan died at his summer home on
Tower Hill. The news was given out
two hours later by Dr. William Gor
Pressed to state whether or not
Mr. Harriman underwent an opera
tion, Dr. Lyle replied:
"Mr. Harriman underwent no op
eration with the knife."
Later Robert L. Gerry, the dead
financier's son-in-law, said:
"Nobody will ever know from what
Mr. Harriman died. It will be im
possible to tell without an autopsy,
and no autopsy will be held."
Edward Henry Harriman, for
fifteen years the most potential fac
tor in the management of American
railways, fought his way to the com
manding position he held against ob
stacles which would not only have
discouraged but would have worn out
most men, and this after he was more
than forty years oid.
It was said of him, after he started
on his way to the place he finally oc
cupied in the business world, that he
was the greatest financier among rail
road men and the greatest railroad
man among financiers. In the later
years he was accorded the place of a
great financier among financiers, and
a great railroad man among railroad
men, combining the qualities of the
two more than any other person of
He was called the incarnation of
Wall Street, but he had an imagina
tion which gave to him a view of rail
road trains carrying their loads of
wealth across a continent, and he
bought, rebuilt and equipped those
railroads so that they were ready for
the business when it came. He was a
builder and never a wrecker of rail
roads, and it was his boast that he
had never been connected with a sys
tem that ever defaulted in r. payment.
Until after he was more than forty
years old there was nothing to indi
cate that Mr. Harriman was to occupy
the place he won among the giants of
the business world. He had been in
'ali Street since he was a boy, and
the reputation of being a shrewd
trader, but he had never shown his
ohderful ability as a builder of rail
roads and his ambition to control the
feat transportation systems of this
Mr. Harriman was born in Hemp
8tearl, L. L. February 25. 1848. and
his father was Orlando Harriman, Jr.,
an Episcopal clergyman. There were
Ex children in the family, and his
earl" life was one of poverty, with
Wtentimes not enough money to sup
Wy the wants of all the family. His
lither mnvp'l tr Triov !itv and
Harriman received his educa-
uon in the nublie schools? there and in
ai1 Episcopal school, which he could
on account of the sons of min-
a reduced rate lor
mother came from one of the
ii ilies of New Jersey, and from
inherited many of the traits
it strong personality which dis
hed him among the great men
. f the
day. in the early sixties Mrs.
o inherited enough money to
r"e bread and butter problem
-irmly for all time.
the father and mother were
fl bred aristocrats and had
1 , oftentime the bane of the
Nac ot birth- They knew few
ana j 11 d cared to know no more,
low th; children were taught to fol
outsirf. social line cIospIv t Ko
ine Closelv. Tn the
cnM ut world
deIriLeserved and hnmriitv
c Vs never taught the boy
who was to become the master mind
in the railway world.
He entered Wall Street, whcu In his
'teens and saved enough money so
that he could purchase a seat on the
Stock Exchange on August 13, 1871.
He was what is known as a "$2 man,"
executing orders for commission
brokerage firms, but he watched the
market. Indeed, it is said that he
obtained the money to buy his seat on
one of the turns of the market that
were engineered in those days by Jay
Gould and "Jim" Fisk.
Two years after he bought his seat
he organized the private banking
house of E. H. Harriman ft Co., which
later became known as Harriman &
Co.' A special partner in this firm
was Nicholas Fish, a brother of Stuy
vesant Fish, with whom he was to
have many years later a bitter per
sonal as well as railroad fight. His
uncle, Oliver H. Harriman, a wealthy
dry goods merchant, was on social
terms with the Vanderbilts, and in
that way the banking house obtained
a part of the Vanderbilt business.
For the next few years there was
nothing to distinguish the Harriman
firm from a hundred others doing
business in Wall Street. He had
wealthy relatives in the city, but he
asked no favors of them. Early in
life he married Miss Mary Averell,
of Ogdensburg, N. Y., whose family
had made money in the building of
the Rome, Watertown and Ogdens
burg Railroad, and her share of the
estate strengthened his hands for the
ba.ttles that were to come.
In 1883 the Harriman house was
wealthy enough to own 15,000 shares
of Illinois Central stock, and Mr. Har
riman was elected a director. Stuy
vesant Fish had been on the board
since 1877, and the men became
warm business and social friends.
The first large amount of money Mr.
Harriman made was through the sale
to the Illinois Central of the Yazoo
Valley and Mississippi Valley Rail
road, which he engineered. ,
Wall Street began to take notice
of Mr. Harriman in the years that fol
lowed. He became vice-president of
the Illinois Central, and the right
hand man of Mr. Fish, financing the
deals which rounded out the Illinois
Central system into 5370 miles, treb
ling its capitalization and more than
trebling its earnings.
Mr. Fish and Mr. Harriman fore
stalled the Louisville and Nashville,
the most formidable rival of the Illi
nois Central, by purchasing an inde
pendent line between Memphis and
New Orleans, giving the only direct
highway between those cities.
Mr. Harriman was a small man.
slight in build, narrow chested and
looking anything but the part of a
great railroad builder. He had a head
out of proportion to his body, and his
most striking feature was his eyes.
They looked through one, and
snapped when he gave his orders.
E. H. Harriman's personal fortune
has been variously estimated at from
$50,000,000 to $80,000,000, though
the former figure is one which ap
pears to be most in consonance with
such facts as are known regarding
Mr. Harriman's security holdings.
At Mr. Harriman's bedside when
he died were Mrs. Harriman, Mr. and
Mrs. Robert L. Gerry, W. Averell
Harriman, the Misses Mary and Carol
Harriman, Roland Harriman, Orlando
H. Harriman, the railroad man's
brother: Mrs. Cornelia N. Simons, his
sister; Dr. Lyle and two nurses.
HARRIMAN HAD CANCER.
Professor Struempell, of Vienna, Thus
Diagnosed His Ailment.
Vienna, Austria. Professor Adolf
Struempell, the Viennese specialist
the late E. H. Harriman came
to Europe to consult, now admits that
when he saw Mr. Harriman in juiy ue
rtinfrnnsfid his complaint as cancer.
Professor Struempell, while at
Breslau, sent the" following signed
utntfiment to the Associated jrress.
"T riiae-nnsed Mr. Harriman's com
plaint as carcinoma of the stomach at
the end of July. I could not, of
course, communicate this diagnosis to
private inquirers, but I informed Mr.
Harriman's American physicians of
i and that the conditions did not in
dicate that an operation was hope-
less. I hastened jvu nammu a
parture homeward." ...
PEARY SEEKS NORTH POLE
WITH PARTY OF ESKIMOS
Had Worked For This Triumph
STORY OF COLD AND HARDSHIP
Explorer Starts For the Goal, Leav
ing Rest to Break Camp and Fol
low All Lean as Razors With
Muscles as Hard.
London. The London Times prints
Commander Robert E. -Peary's story,
taking up the narrative at the 88th
parallel, where, having parted with
his last supporting party, he was left
to face the final stage of the journey
to the pole himself with only a party
of five Eskimos.
Peary says this was the moment
for which he had worked thirty-two
He and his party were Irx the best
condition for the task, and he adds
that their equipment and supplies at
this point were beyond his ru.&st rosy
The Eskimos were all thoroughly
experienced men, full of confidence in
their leader, ready to obey him in
everything and to risk every danger.
Two had been his personal com
panions to the furthest north three
years ago and two others were in
Clark's supporting party on that oc
casion. The fifth was no less eager and
willing than the others, being in
spired by the hope of a reward which
would enable him to win the consent
of his fiancee's father to their mar
riage. The dogs, too, were all spe
cially selected survivors of 133 which
started from Cape Columbia, all of
them powerful males in fine shape.
The sledges were also in excellent
condition, while the supplies carried
were ample for forty days or for
ninety if circumstances should neces
sitate the sacrifice of dogs.
For this final march Peary deter
mined to make every effort to accom
plish five marches of fifteen miles
each so as to reach the end of the
fifth long enouKh before noon to al-
low him to make a latitude observa
He believed he could do this if
weather and leads permitted, but had
two alternatives in reserve in case
he failed to make the proposed dis
tance. The first of these was to force a
last march, but rest until he could re
sume the trail; the second was to
make a forced march, using light
sledges and double teams of dogs,
accompanied by only two members of
the party, while the remainder stayed,
in camp in the background.
All possibilities that would upset
these plans were the Increasing preva
lence of open leads and non-negotiable
water and the realization that one
twenty-four hours' gale would spell
certain disorganization and place all
After midnight, refreshed by a few
hours' good sleep, Peary struck the
trail, leaving the others to break
camp and follow.
Climbing the ridge in the rjear of
his igloss he drew in another notch of
his belt, the third since he set out.
Every one of the party, man and dog,
was slim as razors and muscles as
hard as possible. The morning broke
fine, the wind of the previous two
days having subsided, while the going
proved the best they had yet struck.
Now they found it easy to recognize
the large old floes, which were hard
and clear and surrounded by ridges.
Sometimes they passed over floes
and through crevices and sometimes
ii n bne-ft brinks.
rvmHiminer. the narrative says: A
ctnnA nane was set for about ten hours
Twenty-five miles took Peary well be-
vnnH the 88th parallel.
a ffiw hours' sleep and they were
on the trail again. As the going was
now practically horizontal, they were
unhampered and could travel as long
as thev nleased. They made twenty
mlles In ten hours and were hair wa?
to the 89 th parallel.
Again there was a few hours' stop,
and they went on again' before mid
night. The weather and going were
even better. The surface, except as
interrupted by infrequent ridges, was
as level as the glacial fringe from
Hecla to Columbia, and harder. :
They marched something over ten
hours, the dogs being often on the
trot, and made twenty miles. Near
the end of the march they rushed
across a lead 100 yards wide, which
buckled under the sledges and finally
broke as the last sledge left it.
They stopped in sight of the 89th
parallel, in a temperature of forty
degree's below. Again a scant sleep,
andthey were on their way once more
and across the 89th parallel. The
bitter air was as keen as frozen steel.
A little longer sleep than the
previous ones had to be taken here,
a&f0ll were in need of it. Then on
Before Peary turned in he took an
observation, which indicated the
party's position as 89.25.
In twelve hours they had made
After many more perils and when
they were at the end of their en
durance the pole was reached on
Taft Glad Both Are Americans.
Beverly, Mass. r President Taft,
during a speech on board the May
"I think it is a great deal better,
in view of the recent developments,
that when there is a dispute as to
who got to the pole, the two men
who were contestants should be from
the same nation. We are, I think,
much more certain of reaching the
truth under these circumstances than
if both were backed up by a certain
sort of national pride and a prejudice
that might lead to error."
Morgan to Finance Dr. Cook.
Chicago. A Copenhagen cable
"It is said that J. Pierpont Morgan
telegraphed to Dr. Cook offering him
any sum he might need, but the ex
plorer says he will pay for the expe
The expedition referred to is the
one which Dr. Cook i3 planning to
send to Greenland, under command
of Commander Sverdrup, to bring
back the two Eskimo witnesses, with
whom Cook would like to confront
DESTRUCTIVE FLOOD IN MEXICO.
Men, Cattle and Mills Swept Away by
Mexico City. A terrible flood has
visited the Jamiltepec district 'n the
State of Oaxaca. Sugar plantations
and mills have been destroyed, hun
dreds of head of cattle have been
killed and scores of farm laborers
have lost their lives in the waters.
The scene of this inundation is in
the southern part of the republic,
many miles from Monterey and Ta.
maulipas. The Atoyac River over
flowed its banks and swept miles of a
rich country with devastating force.
The Jamiltepec district is one of the
richest on the Pacific Coast, and it is
said that 100,000 persons will suffer
from this most recent flood, owing to
the great area of land laid waste.
The initial overflow of the Atoyac
River was caused by a cloudburst.
UMPIRE CHTDED BY SHERMAN.
Vice-President Thought Owens Had
' Erred in a Decision.1
Kansas City, Mo. Becoming ex
cited over what he believed to be a
bad decision at first base in the Igame
between the Kansas City and Minne
anolis teams of the American Associa
tion here, Vice-President James S.
Sherman, who attended the game,
called Umpire Clarence Owens to his
box after the inning was over and
protested against the decision.
"Mr. Owens," the Vice-President Is
quoted as saying, "I believe your de
cision at first base on that man was
umpiring seems to have been good
been called safe it might, have won
the game for the home club. Your
impiring seems to have been good
outside of that, but I believe that
decision was wrong." ;
WILL HOLD BOND ELECTION
Iredell Pulling For the New States-
Tille Air Line.
Statesville,- Special. The county
commissioners have ordered an elec
tion to be held in Bethany township,
October oth, to vote on the question
of the township's issuing $12,500
bonds for the Statesville Air Line
Railroad. The Air Line Railroad will
run through this township but for
some reason at a former election m
the township, at the titty when other
townships voted bonds for the road,
the bonds were lost by a majority of
two votes. Now that the railroad is a
certainty, the people of Bethany arc
beginning, to realize what it will mean
to them and it is believed that the
next election will result in a victory
for the railroad. Everything now
points toward the success of the road
and as soon as the State eonvicts are
available probably within six or
eight months work will begin. Winston-Salem
will be shown in a mater
ial way from whence the first railroad
will enter Yadkin county.
,000 is too Little.
Aslieville, Special. The sale of the
Elk Mountain Cotton Mills on Sep
tember 3, for $96,000, to C. A. Webb
and company, representing some
stockholders, was reported to the re
ceivers that it be not confirmed, be
cause the amount ' was insufficient to
pay all the debts of the company in
The receivers have been authorized
to negotiate the sale of this property
either at a public or private sale.
They feel that the property is a val
uable one and that a much bettei
price will shortly be secured, in fact
they already have assurances that
they will to able to obtain a price
that will abundantly protect all cred
itors, and their chief concern now is
to save something for the stockhold
ers if possible.
Engines and Shovels For Southbound
Winston-Salem, Special. Thre.t
large engines to pull steam shovels
over the Winston-Salem Southbound
railway roadbed, were taken to the
Southside section of the city Wednes
day. They will be operated on their
own rails, section after section to be
taken and relaid successively. The
steam shovels are being moved to the
ground also, taking their place along
with other big-material to be used ai
once in commencing the road fron
this point south. Rinehart & Dennis
of Washington City, are the contrac
tors in charge of the first work out
from this point.
Three Freight Cars Derailed at Rocks
Rocky Mount, Special. For a ma
jor part of the afternoon Tuesday
the tracks of the Rocky Mount &
Northern railroad into this city were
blocked on account of the derailment
of three cars at the switch from the
main line to the spur track to the
Rockv Mount Mills. The cars were'
loaded with wood for the Rocky
Mount Mills and the derailment caus
ed considerable trouble before the
cars could be finally gotten back on
the track, which was at a late hour
at night. No one was hurt by the
derailment. . .
Winston-Salem Woman Fined Foi
Wmston-Salem, Special. Mrs. E
F. Charles was fined $125 and the
costs in the recorder's court Thurs
day for having discharged a pistol
in the direction ot a negro woman.
wounding her once, but not seriously,.
f The affair took place August 13. Mrs
Charles shot, she said, merely to
frighten and discipline the woman
who had refused to stop upen.Mrs.
Charles' request while taking some
clothes from the yard. Mrs. Charles
had the woman given the best medi
cal attention and regretted that she
had been wounded. Notice of appeal
Men Are Recovering. . ;
Marion, Special The men recently
hurt when a hotel building whidh was
being erected here collapsed, are re
covering. Jack Cecil, the Davidson
man who was bad lv injured, is get
ting well. The men, when, taken out
from the debris, looked as if they
were mashed into pulp.' The middle
wall was too weak and caused the col
lapse when the iron girders were be
ing placed into position. v
Shot Up a Mfrror. '
Raleigh, Special. A reward of one
hundred dollars has been offered, by
Governor Ktichin for the .capture of
the unknown partv who recently.-at
tempted to kill Mr. S. D,. Poyner,. af
Moynock, in Currituck ' county. On
the twentieth of August ' while 'Mr,
Poyner was in bed some one shot
twice through the window. As lucl
would have it the party shooting mis"
took the reflection of ' Mr. Poyrier i
the mirror for Mr. Poyner, arid "so it
was that thugh the shots, demolished
the mirror and damaged the bureau,
that Mr. Poyner. escaped unhurt; l.
He Finally Won Out.
"Nettie," cried the enamored
young man, "I love you and would
go to. the world's end for you."
"Oh, ho, you wouldn't, James,
retorted the sweet girl graduate.
"The world, or the earth, as it is
called, is round like a ball, therefore
it has no enJ-frr ,
"Yes, .1 know," continued the e.
y. m., "but what I meant was that
I'd do anything to please you. Ah,
dearest, if you knew the aching
"Now I am surprised, James," in
terrupted the s. g. g. "Nature abhors
a vacuum, and there is no such thing
as a void but admitting that there
could be such a thing, how could the
void you speak of be void if there ,
was an ache in it ?"
1 1 Oh, well, ' replied the young man,
"at least I've got the cash and pro
perty amounting to nearly $100,000,
and I want you to be my wife. So
there!" :- ' '
1 ' J ames," ' replied the fair one
without; a moment's hesitation,
"since you pint it "ih'Hhat light, X
haven't the hear-t-to-refuse you. Let
the wedding bells ring without un
necessary delay.'' From the Chicago
Bible in 418 Tongues.
London, Sept. 5v According to the
105th' report of the British and For
eign Bible Society- th'& Bible will soon
e printed in every language andT
dialect known throughput, the world.
Complete Bibles . or portions of the
Bible were issued" last 'year in 418
different languages. . During the year
six new translations were added to
the list. Besides these languages,
there are complete Bibles or portions
of the Scripture made' in embossed
type for the . blind in .thirty-one dif
ferent languages. . . .
The number of Bibles issued by the
society last year" was nearly 6,000,000.
Of complete Bibles there were 884,
195; New Testaments, 1,116,674, and
portions of Scripture,. 3,993,842, mak
ing a totaU-of 5,934,711.
The colporteurs employed in the
work of distribution have an adven
turous life. Last year some of them
were arrested as spies in Nicaragua,
robbed in Burma, bitterly mocked by
Social Democrats in Germany, driven
out of villages in Peru by priests who
burned their books, stoned in the
Philippines and beaten by Moslems
in Baluchestan. : So. 38-'09.
Snapshots of Thought.
By T. Sullivan.
The man who ' can sculpture a
stumbling block into a stepping stone
has done more than most sculptors
The unaided eye can discern the
beauty of virtue, but no microscope
can discover the comeliness of vice.
When Women Vote.
"What will happen when women
"I suppose, among other things,
one wn't be able to get a Democratic
cook to work with a Republican
housemaid." Pittsburg Post.
Better on a sound boat than a leaky
ship. German, m "
CoiTee's Weight on Old Age.
When prominent men realize the
injurious effects, of coffee and the
change in health that Postum can
bring ttey are glad to lend their tes
timony for1 the bSneflt of others.
A superintendent qf . public schools
in, North Carolina says:
"My, mother, since ber early child
hood, was an inveterate coffee drink
er, and had been troubled with her
heart for a number of years, and com
plained of that 'weak all over feeling
and sick stomach.
"Some time ago I was making an
official visit to a distant parf of the
country and took dinner with one of
the merchants of the place. I noticed
a somewhat peculiar flavour of the
coffee, and askqd 'him concerning It.
Jle replied that it was Postum."
"I was so please'd with it, that af
ter the meal jfas over, I bought a
package to carry home with me, and
k had wife prepare some for the next
meal. The whole family liked it so
well that -we discontinued coffee and
used Dostum entirely. m .
VI had really heen at times very
anxious" concerning my mother's con
dition, but we noticed that after using
Postum for a short time she. felt so
much better than she did prior to its .
use, anbT had little trouble with her
heart and no ick stomach, that the'
headaches were.got so frequent, and
her general condition much improved.
This c6ntlnue'cfuntil she was as well
and hearty asfhe rest of us.
V "I linow,Rotfim has benefited' My
self and . the,, other members of the
family, but no'ffn so marked a degree
as in the .case of my motha, psjfro
was a victim of lfng standing."
Read "Te iToad to Wellville," in
pkgs. V,' '. . r;
1 "There'sa. Reason."
" Ever iread-the above letter? A new
0 MMMta tppm time to time. They
1 Arevsenniiie trae. and full of human
f Interest te