Three Cents the Copy.
TAR HEEL CHRONICLES
News Notes Gathered From All
Parts of the Old North State.
BIBLE 300 YEAIwS OLD.
Printed in Latin, Greek and Hebrew
Equals Present Day Printing.
Southern Pines, Special. Dr. H. P.
M Knight of Southern Pines has a
rare book in the shape of a Latin,
Greek and Hebrew Bible, printed just
MUO years ago, and still in an excel
lent state of preservation.
The volume is a large one, substan
tially bound in leather, and it is a
splendid example of the good work
the old printers of Europe turned out.
The book was printed in Switzerland
in 1609, the date on the title page in
Roman numerals being of the old
fashioned notation when the letter C
turned upside down figured as a char
acter. The first "part of the book is print
ed in Greek and Latin, the text in the
one language following immediately
beneath the line in the other lan
guage. The Hebrew portion of the
volume begins with the last page and
reads toward the front until the La
tin is met.
The typography is perfect. The
skill of the old type founders and
printers must have been equal to that
of the men of the same trades at the
present time, and the press work and
paper show the highest order of abil
ity. Throughout the book are head and
tail-piece engravings of the daintiest
pattern, and initial letters. The lines
of all the engravings are delicate,
clear and strong, and suggest some
of the lathe work of modern times.
The doctor says he would not take
$1,000 for the volume, even though he
cannot read much of it. It is one of
several curious books that he has
gathered up, which all together make
interesting novelties for the enter
tainment of the tourist who is priv
ileged to look over the collection.
Bitten by a Mad Dog.
Mooresville, Special. Four chil
dren of Mr. E. W. Kerr, who lives in
the Prospect neighborhood of this
county, four miles east of Moores
ville, were bitten by a pet dog Satur
day. Nothing was thought of the in
cident until Monday when the ani
mal exhibited symptoms of rabies. He
was immediately killed and the head
sent to Raleigh for examination. A
long distance telephone message from
the Pasteur Institute stated that the.
animal was undoubtedly mad, and Mr.
Kerr left Thursday night for Raleigh
to place his four children in the in
stitute for treatment.
It is stated that a mule, cow, pig
and a number of chickens were also
bitten by the canine and much con
cern is felt in the neighborhood over
this fact. Mr. Kerr was advised by
the State chemist to kill all the ani
mals bitten by the dog.
Much sympathy is felt here for the
distressed parents. A subscription
paper was carried around Thursday
and a considerable amount secured.
Mr. Kerr is a substantial farmer but
of moderate means. The youngest of
the dog's victims is only 2 years old.
Five-Year-Old Boy Smothered to
Death in Pilo of Cotton Seed.
Greensboro, Special. A special to
The Daily News from Goldston says
the 5-year-old son of William Fields,
living a short distance from that
place, was smothered to death Thurs
day in a pile of cotton seed. The
hoy with several other children had
been playing in the seed during the
afternoon and was not missed until
nearly dark. Later searchers found
the dead body in the seed pile. It is
supposed the boy had sunk deep into
the pile and in efforts to extricate
himself threw more of the seed over
u" self and finally was suffocated.
Bell Telephone Company Secures
Franchise For Lumberton.
I-nmbcrton, Special. At a meeting
of the town commissioners held hero
Wednesday night a franchise was
granted the Bell Telephone Company
tf' (rate a system here. They have
pur-!iaso ttio jvotPTTi from
' 1 V 4 J WW""
White and McLean and will
new fixtures altogether.
Attempt to Wreck Train.
n, Special. A serious
tsenger train No. 139 at
!! two miles east of Burlingtou
UeS(lav iv!,f fl.Qn -tiro a miroii.
0,lRV awrted. A erosstie had been
apt,fl across the track by a malicious
but ' "nine struck the obstacle
the tunatey knocked it between
rt 1 and passed partly over it
:"" it r,n - . ti .
t -'-nous results. Jut ior me
lis point was at the too
thP , ' grade and the speed of
wreck would have occurred.
SUCCESSFUL STATE FAIR.
Movement to Erect New Buildings
and Afford More Accommodations.
Raleigh, Special. There never was
as great satisfaction with a fair here
as with the one held this week. It
was a success in every way and this
success means a great deal for Ral
eigh and for the State. In all prob
ability at the first meeting of the exe
cutive committee the question of
erecting new buildings and of utiliz
ing all the space within the grounds
will be Jtaken up. The State poultry
farm occupies 14 acres of the grounds,
having done this many years; first
when it was the experiment farm of
the A. & M. College, under the aus
pices of the State Department of Ag
riculture. It is found that there is
much unused space in the grounds,
which only needs improvement to
make it all available. A large area
is required for the teams of the coun
try visitors who come to the fair by
thousands now. The vehicles and
stock from the country tell the story
of prosperity as plainly as do the peo
ple themselves, for this is the farm
Southern Power Company Reaches
Hickory, Special Mr. C. C. Moore
has been in the county for some
weeks in the interest of the Southern
Power Company, has completed the
work of securing the right-of-way for
the transmission line from Newton to
Hickory. The property-owners on the
line are much pleased with the busi
ness-like manner in which Mr. Moore
dealt with them. He is regarded as
a very fair and impartial adjuster of
right-of-way matters. The station !
which the power company is building '
is almost ready for the installation of
the electrical apparatus to be used for
delivering the current to the Brook- j
ford and Ivey eotton mills and to tho I
Hickory Lighting Company. Several
carloads of poles, copper wire, insula- j
tors and other materials have arrived
and are bein; unloaded.
Norfolk & Western Work Train De
stroyed by Fire.
Mayodan, Special. A most unusu
al fire occurred here Wednesday
night, three cars of a work train own
ed by the Norfolk & Western Railway
being consumed. The train was on a
siding near the station and the fire,
which was discovered about 10
o'clock, originated in the commissary
car. Its origin is unknown. The
railway station in Mayordan is situat
ed at the foot of a small mountain of
steep bluff on the ast side, the same
being covered at this time with bril
liant autumn foilage, and the glare of
the fire against the side of this moun
tain afforded a rare and remarkable
Run Down By Train.
Durham, Special. Cyrus Parham,
an old man of 73, was killed Fridav
morning about 6:40 by an eastbound
freight on the Southern main line.
The old man, who was soon to have
been sent to the county home, was
without relatives of any kind to care
for him and had been long afflicted
with Bright 's disease and could not
have lived more than thirty days, the
physicians say. He was deaf in ad
dition to destitution and it is suppos
ed that he was straggling about the
railway when he stepped upon the
track. The train was not running
rapidly, but the engineer did not see
him in time to stop his train.
Barn Burned by Lightning.
Salisbury, Special A rather severe
storm passed over the city Saturday
afternoon during which lightning set
fire to the big barn and stable on the
farm of Mr. T. A. Coughenour, at the
old Fraley race track, near the city,
the bolt striking a large tree a few
feet off and running to the barn.
Winston-Salem, Special. Follow
ing a quarrel early Saturday evening
at construction camp No. 1 on the
new Southbound Railroad, Frank
Wilson was shot and killed by Joe
Cotton. Both were members of the
construction force. Following the
shooting Cotton drew his wages and
Flagman Horribly Mangled.
Wilmington, Special. Raymond
Ellis, 20 years of age, son of Alder
man and Mayor Pro Tem Ellis of this
city, was fatally injured Friday after
noon at & v'eloek si Haffebjora nar
Chadbourn; while coupling cars on a
Wilmington-bound freight tram of
which he was flagman, having recent
ly left the general offices of the com
pany to learn the transportation end
of the business. He was fearfully
mangled in the stomach and one lag
was cut off. He lived until shortlv
before 8 o'clock as the special tram
bringing him to the city was neanng
the depot here. u
POLK COUNTY, N. C, THURSDAY. OCTOBER 28. ,909.
NICARAGUAN TROOPS DEFEATED
Revolutionists Win Over the National
Troops a Decisive Victory,
liluefields, Nicarauga, (By wireless
telegraph via Colon) The tug Blanca
which has arrived here from Grey
town, brings news of the first impor
tant battel of tho revolution. General
Chamorro's forces fought an engage
ment on Friday with 1,000 of Presi
dent Zelay's troops at a point below
Boca San Carlos, on the San Juan
river. The revolutionists won a de
cisive victory, one hundred of the
government troops being killed and
three hundred wounded. General
Chamorro's losses were slight. The
insurgents captured two Krupp siege
guns and four hundred rifles.
This defeat for President Zelaya
will .doubtless have a determined ef
fect upon recruiting for the govern
ment service at Managua and is like
ly also to bring allitional reinforce
ments to the standards of he insur
gents. General Chamorro is now ad
The steamer Yulu, belonging to the
Emery Company, also has l u nal
here with the details of the capij
by the revolutionists of Cape Grac. i-a-Dois.
The port was easily i i.
not more than five or six men i ;
killed and a small number wou
This gives the revolutionists a t
of the entire Atlantic coast.
Bank Officials Arrested.
Nashville, Tenn., Special. Moreau
P. Estes, vice president of the City
Savings bank, which failed to opei;
its doors Saturday morning, was ar
rested Saturday afternoon. The ar
rest was made on a warrant charging
th$t Estes had accepted a deposit af
ter he knew the bank was insolvent.
W. T. Ottley of Burksville, Ky., is
prosecutor. He sets forth in his affi
davit that on September 11 he depos
ited $1,380 in the City Savings bank,
charging that at that time Estes knew
the bank was insolvent and that in
acepting the deposit he violated a sec
tion of the Tennessee law making
such action a felony.
Estes was arraigned before a mag
istrate who held him to the grand
jury in $5,000 bond, which was
Col. James Fannin Dead.
Savannah, Ga., Special- Col. James
H. Fannin, who was a close friend o
Capt. Henry Wirz at his trial, died
suddenly of heart failure on a street
ear here Saturday morning. Colonel
Fannin commanded the first regiment,
Georgia reserves, C. S. A., during the
Colonel Fannin in 1863 was com
mandant of the post at Andersonville.
Ga., and while holding that command
saved Father Whelan of Macon from
death in the stockade and received
the thanks of the Pope through Bish
op Verot for his timely aid to a Cath
olic' priest. He fought in the battle of
West Point, Ga., was taken prisoner
and ordered put in irons but escaped
through the intervention of General
LaGrange of the Union army.
Kills Himself After Shooting Wife.
Washington, Special. Enraged be
cause his chorus girl wife preferred a
life on the stage to his companionship
William H. Short of New York City
shot and perhaps fatally wounded her
in the west portico of the union sta
tion here Sunday and then sent a bul
let crashing through his temple. He
died an hour later at Casualty hos
pital. The tragedy followed a series of
quarrels between the couple. Mrs.
Short had just alighted from a cab,
which was also occupied by her hus
band and Miss Caldwell, a girl friend,
and was hurrying' to catch a train to,
Pittsburg, when Short, without warn
ing, whipped a revolved from hi
porket and fired three bullets into his
Justice Peckham Dead.
Albany, N. y Special.Fufus W.
Peckham, associate justice of tho
United States Supreme Court, died at
8:15 o'clock Sunday night at Cool
more, his summer home at Altamont.
Albany county. Death was due to a
complication of diseases, heart troub
le, Bright 's disease and hardening of
the arteries contributing.
WiR Prosecute Standard Oil Co.
Columbia, S. C, Special. Attor
ney General Lyon is gathering affida
vits in support of the prosecution he
will bring Against the Standard Oil
Company in behalf of the People's
Oil Company of North Augusta,
which has branch businesses in Co
lumbia, Charleston, Greenville, Spar
tanburg, Anderson, Denmark and
Edgefield, in South Carolina and At
lanta in Georgia, under the statute
forbidding discrimination by charg
ing different prices in different com
munities for the same commodity.
SUCCEEDS 1M SPAIN
Maura and Clericals Resign ee
cause of Bitter Attacks.
MORET PREMIER SECOND TIME
Powerful Opposition Kef used to Dis
cuss Kven the Most Important
Mea.su res Re. I jrna t i ns Caused
Uproar in Chamber of Deputies.
Madrid, Spain. The Spanish Cab
inet, which was formed January "a,
19Q7, nder the Premiership of Anto
nio Maura, resigned as a result of tho
hitter attacks made against the Gov
ernment by the former Premier Moret
y Prendergast, representing a power
At a conference with King Alfonso
Premier Maura told the King that in
the face of Senor Moret's statement
that the opposition would refuse to
discuss even the most urgent meas
ures, he had no option but to resign.
He asked, however, the members of
the majority -o support the new Min
istry. Upon the receipt of the resignation
of the Premier and his Ministers, Mo
ret y Prendergast undertook to form
a new Ministry, himself assuming the
post of Premier and Minister of the
The new Ministers, who took the
oath of office, are as follows:
Premier and Minister of the Inte
rior Moret y Prendergast.
MinistPr of Foreign Affairs rerez
Minister of Finance Senor Alva
rado. Minister of War Lieutenant-Gen-eral
Minister of Marine Rear-Admiral
Minister of Public Works Senor
Minister of Public Instruction Se
Minister of Justice Marlinez del
When the president f the Cham
ber of Deputies nude the announce
ment of the Cabinet's resignation it
was received with such an ear-splitting
uproar that he was forced to ad
journ the sitting.
Prior to the formation of Spnor
Maura's Cabinet in 1907 there bad
lieen no Jess than five Liberal Minis
tries in eighteen months. The relig
ious teoi'e had been the rock on which
these Ministries were wrecked, and
the accession to power of Senor Mau
ra, who had held the Premiership he
fore, was regarded rs a sweeping vic
tory for the Clericals, and one likely
to arouse a revolutionary spirit. This
proved to be the cae, the opposition
finally uniting against the Govern
ment's conduct and furtherance of the
war in Morocco.
The stern mepiures taken to nut
down the recent anti-war demonstra
tions In Spain tended to inflame the
opposition, and th extent ion of Pro
fessor Ferrer at Barcelona, fallowed
by popular demonstrations of disap
proval, brought matters to a, crisis.
When Parliament reonened the Lib
erals, Republicans and Socialists bit
terly assailed the Government, but
the Cabinet showed a disposition to
tight for its life and lost. The Cab
inet resignations followed.
TOWN GIVKS WOMAN SUFFRAGE.
Cinter, a Suburb of Richmond, First
Place in the South to Do It.
Richmond, Yn. The people of
Cinter Park, the most fashionable
and wealthiest suburb of Richmond,
have formally extended the suffrage
to women. .
At a meeting of the Citizens Asso
ciation, the governing body of the
suburb, a constitution and hy-laws
were adopted, one provis'on of whjch
Is that, "all males and females, white
and over twenty-one years of age.
owning property ;"d Jiving in GinJei
Park, and subscribing to (he constitu
tion and by-laws, have a right to
The Richmond suburb fs the fir?t
rommunity in the South to take tbij
MIX AWARDFD CALLOOX CUP.
American Officially Replaced Winner
in Contest fir Switzerland.
Zurich, Switzerland. The Swiss
Zero Cinb has officially declared Kd
gar W. Mh-, of Columbus, Ohio, the
winner of the GorrTon Rennett Ouri in
the Inf ernational balloon race which
took place over two weks ago. Mr
Mix was the only Americar' entry, and
be piloted the balloon America II.
The official distance recorded was 69 G
Th French ballon lie de France
was awarded eeeoa si place, with 507;
The Aero fuT trwwrteea tho re
ports that Mix lauded in Bohemia un
founded. LOXCKR LIFJ7 IV RAY STATE.
Thrr-FntrrfTis ef ffr DeafTis fcf Tu
berculosis Could Re Prevented.
Roston, Mass. In a document is
sued, by the Committee of One Hun
dred on Health, prenared by Profes
sor Irving Fisher, it is sown that Iff
is lengthening fast in Massaehuset's
now, the gain being fourteen years in
Three-fourths of Ihe tuberculosis
ffinld bp prevented and fifteen years
added to the aver?sr humpn life by
preventing diseases, it is said.
2i K A SI. dli.
Prizca Ito, of Tokio, arrlv
The Su'.inn cl Z.Iorocco lias sold tho
Riff mines to a German company.
Four strong earth sh
r':s were felt
The stock o
the Weils Fargo E:
press Company reached a new high i
level of 450.
Commands? Frederic!: C. Bieg, IT.
Politics in England are still in a
chaotic state. A general election is
expected in January.
President Taft in Jimre, Mer.ico.
was the Mexican Executive's guest
at a $300,000 banquet.
Police at Hong-Kong bave re
vealed a plot to kill Liang-Tun-Yen,
President of the Wai-Wu-Pu.
K. A. Stevens was found dead In
his rcjm in the Hotel du Nord soma
hours after ordering a lunch of milk
and raw eggs.
Ten thousand men soldiers, uni
formed police and Russian and Italian
detectives protected the Czar on his
visit to the King of Italy.
Physicians and charity organiza
tions urged the Ecard of Estimate, in
New York City, to grant an increased
appropriation to fight tuberculosis. 1
Anth E. Nilsen, a pulp manufac
turer, of Norway, said there was no
chance of cheaper paper until a sub- j
stitute for wood pulp should be dis
covered. J. Eads How. "millionaire hobo," i
just bach from Europe, says that the
problem of the unemployed would be
settled by the international congress
in Chicago in January.
Captain C ,dy had a miraculous es
cape from death at the aviation meet
at Doncaster, England, when, in mak
ing a turn at great speed, his biplane
struck the earth and was wrecked.
High Pcint Printer Killed.
Greensboro, Special. James Ward,
a printer employed by the Kerr Print
ing Company of High Point, while as
sisting in unloading an imposing
stone from a car, was. crushed to
death by the stone falling upon him.
The horses attached to a wagon upon
which the stone was to be placed, sud
denly moved forward, as the stone
was midway between tbs car and the
wagon, causing the heavy mass to fail
Twin City Tvill Enforce Autcrnobilo
Winston-Salem, Special. The au
tomobile ordinance will be enforced
here. The fiat has gone forth. Po
licemen will clock drivers, using stop
watches, and it is expected that the
speed limit will be duly regarded.
Eight miles an hour is allowed in the
business portion and 12 miles else
where in the city. The streets bavr
been measured in various instances to
give the policemen accurate data up
on which to time cars passing over a
Big Fire at James City.
Newbern, Special. Fire broke out
in James City, a negro town across
the river from Newbern, about 7
o'clock Thursday afternoon. Ten
bouses were burned before it was
finally checked. The Newbern fire
engine and hose wagon were sent over
to help but arrivd too late to do any
thing. The damage amounts to $2,
500 or $3,000.
ot on cm mm cf unm,
lUKutn uuffioaaag ana
bicycles, old patterns and
PRICES and wonderful
direct to rider with no middlemen's profits.
WSlSWP Ott APPROVAL without a otrU deposit. Pay the Treight and
allow IO Itera E'ree Trial and mate other liberal urais which no other
bouse ia the world will do. Yoa will learn everythiDt and get much vaht
i;; .my mm
aoic Hpwi :y suupiy
We need a JHdbf Anmot in every town and can offer an opportunity
to make money to suitable young men who apply at once.
Wo Will SelMmYZKS
You a Samgsie MP Sort let
Pair tor Only m wm the mb
? (cash with on OCR $4.SS)
NO MORE TROUBLE FROM PUNCTURES.
Result rf IS years experience in tire
matins. Nn rirs0r frnrn THORNS.
TUS. PINS. NAILS. TACKS or
iierious punctures, like intentional knife cuts, -ua w end "i," also rim strip "Ji
be vulcanized like an other tire. MM, to prevent rim catting. Thi
Two Hundred Thousand pairs row in aclual use. Over W TkZ w "Ltic0
Seventy-five Thousand pairs sold last year. " kasy kiuing ,
OEBOtUPTttMt Made in all sizes. It is lively and essy riding, vry durable aud lined ...si
with a special qualit? of rubber, which never become porous and which closes up small punctur 1
without allowing the air to escape. We have hundreds of letters f 10m ?iH customers stating
that their tires have only been pumped vp once or twice in r whole season. They weigh no more tham
an ordinary tire, tne puncture resisting quajiwes oeintf grven Dy several layers ot thin, specially
prepared fabric on the tread. That "Holding fc-.ck' ' sensation common Iv felt when riding on asphalt
or soft roads is overcome by v'..e patent "Basket Weave" tread which prevents ail air from brW
squeezed oat between
tires is $8. 50 per pair, i
of only ff So per pair. All orders shipped mne
the tire and the road thus overcoming all faction. The regular price of titmt
jot for advertising purposes we are making a special factory price to the rider
You 00 not pay a cent nam yoa nave cTaraiacn ana lomna tnern stixary as represented.
We will allow a c-aah. discount of 5 per cent (thereby making the prio4.Sa per pair) if yon send
FULL. CASH WITH OSDBB and enclose this Kvertufcunent. We will also send one nickel
plated brass hand pump and two Sampson metal puncturt. closers m fall paid orders ( these metal
puncture closers to be used in case of intentional knife cuts or heavy gajhes). Tires to be returned
at OUR expense if for any reason they are not satisfactory ci examination.
We are perfectly reliable and money sent to us is as safe as in a bank. Ask ycur Postmaster
Banker, Express or Freight Agent or the Editor of this paper about b. 2f yon order a paifo
these tires, you will find that they will ride easier. run l ister, wear better, last longer ad look
Kner than any tire you have ever used or.aeen at any price. fe know that you will be so well pleased
that when yon want a bicycle von will give as --our ordci. We want jm to send as a small trial
oraer at outre, nencc unn iohihdn j re one
dees chanted by dealers a ti renair men. Write for our war A
DO NOT WAIT h?.1 u a
aw twj m ww j-tt m otcyde or a pa- 01
wonderful offers wo-are making. It only cost a
IEaCc CYCLE C01P4MY.
William Dean Howellr, the author,
withhls daughter, Mild.eL, vent to
lanies B. Angell retire a from
the presidency ot tne Uni.i:lty of
Professor Felin Adler rczuied hia
talks to the Ethical Caitaro Society,
New York City.
William I. Buchanar's death in
London, the autopsy sc. was
due to heart disease.
Prince Tsai Heun, head" e! China's
naval administration, laic Shanghai
lor a tear oZ Europe.
Theodore Roosevelt saved from
the fury of a charging elephant by a
timely shot from Mr. Canninliame's
Dr. F. A. Cook went be'erc a spe
cial co:nmitt23 of tho Enolo.vrs' Club
to tell about his aacL.n c" Zleunt Mc
Illnley. At Rio Janeiro, General Carlos Eu
genio resigned as Minister of War and
was replaced by General La.jaidino
Isaac Untcrm; cr, who has j?en en
joying a Continental tour, finris a
strong centralizing tendency ia Euro
The whole east side of New York
City mourned the accidental death by
poison of Dr. Albert Kohn, who uni
ted charity with his prescriptions.
Governor Campbell, of Tenac, de
clined to accompany President Taft
from El Paso to San Antonio because
accommodations v.er not provided
for his staff.
Messrs. W. II. Vanderhlit. W. K.
Vanderbilt, Jr., and William C.
Brown, president of the New York
Central, were in the third section of
the Atlantic express when it was
wrecked on the Central, at Rhlnecliff.
Receivers to be Paid.
Norfolk, Va., Special. Judge Wad
dill late Saturday entered an order di
recting immediate payment by the
Norfolk & Southern Railwav reviv
ers cf $36,408.60 for larer and mate
rial furnished the Norfolk & Sou! hern
which a period of six months pri r to
the receivership. The lareast of these
individual accounts are $18,800. The
Court's action followed the report ot
Special Master Stephenson.
Are a Necessity
in the Country
The farther you are removed
from town to railroad station, the
more the telephone will save m
time and horse flesh. No man has
a rizht to compel one cf the familv
to lie in agony for hours while he
drives to town for the doctor. Tel-1
ephone and save half the suffering, f
Our Free Book tells hov to or
ganize, build and operate tele
phone lines and systems.
Instruments sold on thirty days'
trial to responsible parties.
THE CADIZ ELECTRIC CO.,
201 CCC BuHding, Cadiz, Ohio, I
IS ILL IT WILL COST YOU
i SB IH H 10 write for our big FREE BICYCLE catalogue
WEB! V 1 sh-iwing the most complete line of hij?h-jrrad
BICYCLES, TIKES anaSONDBXES at PKICJB8
BtELOW any other manufacturer or dealer in the world. 5
&2UW A tfitlBZ WffB T tntu tyone,
at any rice,
e Fre j Cata-
until you nave received our complete Fre j Cata-
utixnoing every Kina 01 Disa-gnai ana low-graae
latent models, and learn
of cur remarkable LOW
new on en made possible by seliinn from factor
wnung us a postal.
- PRG0F TIRES ?" kX
CLASS. Ill ZZII1!
day letter ts received. We ship C.OJ). on approval.
i -J and renah-a. and
1 line are sold bv us at half the nana;
SUNDRY catalor -c
tires trom anyone until
postal to learn ewryttHsr. Write it N'W.
Dart. ' L" BBICtKriU,