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0 / 75
RALEIGH, N. C, THURSDAY, JANUARY 5, 1905.
PORT ARTHUR SURRENDERS.
Gen. Stoessel will be Burried Else
whereGreatest Seige of flodern
Times For Seven Months the
Fierce Fight Has Raged Day and
At last General Stoessell has sur
rended at Port Arthur. lie and his
juddiers, assisted by the crews of the
warships, have made a brave fight in
defense of the Gibralter of the East.
The Russian garrison of 40,000
men had been reduced to about 20,
000, only part of that number being'
able to fight. The ammunition and
food was about exhausted.
Tokio, Jan. 2. The text of Gen
eral Nogi's telegram announcing the
capitulation of the Russian forces at
Port Arthur is as follows:
"The plenipotentiaries of both
parties concluded their negotiations
today at 4.30 o'clock. The Russian
commissioners accepted on the whole
the conditions stipulated by us, and
consented to capitulate1. The docu
ment has been oreparod and signa
tures are now being affixed. Simul
taneously with the conclusion of ne
gotiations both armies suspended
hostilities. It is expected that the
Japanese army will enter the city of
Port Arthur tomorrow."
A previous telegram from General
Xogi was as follows:
"At 5 p. in.. January 1, the enemy's
r; CHi cv cii a 'ilct Ox t.x liCv.. exilic itf
vhe first line of our position south of
Shuishiying and handed a letter to
our . officers. The same reached me
at 0 o'clock at night. The letter is
" 'Judging by the general condi
tion of the whole line of hostile posi
tions held by you, I find further re
sistance at Port Arthur useless, and
for the purpose of preventing need
less sacrifice of lives I propose to
hold negotiations with reference to
capitulation. Should you consent to
the same you will please appoint
commissioners for discussing the or
der and conditions regarding capitu
lation, and also appoint a place for
such commissioners to meet others
appointed by me.
"'I take this opportunity to con
vey to your Excellency assurances
of my respect.
"Shortly after dawn today I dis
patched our bearer of a flag of truce
with the following reply addressed to
Stoessel : ' . ..
"'I have the honor to reply to
your proposal to hold negotiations
regarding the conditions and order
of capitulation. For this purpose I
have appointed as commissioner Major-General
Ijichi. chief of staff of
our army. He will be accompanied
by some staff officers and civil offi
cials. They will meet your commis
sioners January 2, noon, at Shuish
iying. The commissioners of both
parties will be empowered to sign a
convention for the capitulation
without waiting for ratification and
cause the same to take immediate
effect. Authorization for such plen
ary powers shall be signed by the
highest officer of both the negotiat
ing parties and the same shall be ex
changed by the respective commis
sioners. "'I avail myself of this opportun
ity to convey to your Excellency as
surances of my respect.
BALTIC SHIPS AT MADAGASCAR.
Main Division of Rojestvensky's
Fleet Anchors There.
Tamatave, Madagascar, Jan. 2.
Vice-Admiral"- Rojestvensky's divi
sion of the Russian second Pacific
squadron, consisting of five battle
ships, three cruisers, the transports
Kamschatka and Anedyr and the
hospital ship Orel, anchored in the
roadstead of Saint Marie today.
The dispatch boat Libau after
ward visited Tamatave to file dis
patches. She will rejoin the divi
sion here. The Libau reports that
the Russian warships are in excel
lent condition despite the severe
storms they have encountered.
WORSE FOR KUROPATKIN.
Most of Nogi's Army is Now Free to
Paris, Jan. 2. The prevailing
French view of the result at Port
Arthur is summed up by the Temps,
which ; says the historic defense of
Sevastopol has now been surpassed.
Port Arthur adding a ; glorious page
to niilitary annals which will long
Continuing, the Temps points out
tha t the surrender will exert a tre
mendous moral effect favorable to
' French .military critics regard the
surrender as making General Kuro
patkin's position increasingly dan
gerous, for the besieging army of
80,000 men is now released and will
reinforce the Japanese armv in the
North. It is expected that Vice-Ad-miral
Rojestvensky's scpiadron will
proceed - no farther in the direction
of the scat of war.
The hope is expressed in some offi
cial quarters that the surrender of
the fortress will hasten peace, but
the prevailing,-view;, is that the fall
will accentuate Russia's resistance.
Some Paris journals say that Jap
anese occupation of Port Arthur will
constitute' a menace to all Europe,
which the chancelleries should pre
pare to meet.
A blue cross mark on the second
page of your paper means that your
subscription has expired, and, unless
you renew before the next issue of
paper, -it .will not be mailed to you.
That is business.
Notwithstanding the fact that this
has been the policy of the paper from
the begining, and most of our sub
scribers like the plan, a few of our
friends have objected to it. They
seem to think that the paper ought
to be continued because they want
it and feel that it is a reflection on
their credit. Such is not the case.
We do not know the wishes of all our
subscribers and the only business
way is to cut off all at the expira
tion of subscription, after giving
notice that your time has expired.
But, of course, we hope all will re
new, and the fact that we quit send
ing you the paper when time expires
does not mean that you are not a de
When you see the blue mark please
renew promptly and your paper will
not stop. You will want this paper
during 1905 and we want you to
have it. Get your neighbors to sub
scribe, also. Put in a good word for
the paper if you think it deserves it.
LETTER FROM BILKINS.
He Has Just Returned from a Fruit
less Trip to Raleigh Thought Kuro
patkin's Army Had Arrived at the
State Capitol How He was Cheated
Out of the Speakership.
Correspondence of the Enterprise.
I've jist rolled in at home after
bein' at Raleigh fer a day an' nite
an' feel like a shiHin'. Betsy tried
ter git me not ter go. But I tole her
Td do like the balance ov the voters
an' exersize mv constertushunal per
spectives an' try ter land an' offis or
two. Betsy sed she bed red in the
papor.whar.it wuz crginst the law ter
hold two offises at the same time.
But 1 konkludod I could run the
blockade an' land on sumpthin' soft
an" git myself incorporated so the law
wouldn't tech me.
Betsy.', she tried i very way ter keep
me frum goin'. She 'lowed I'd be or
way frum her awl ov sixty days, an'
maybe git ter fiirtin' with them gum
ehewin' gurls what hang eround the
.capital out' ov kuriosity. "I'm er
.fraid you will git hurt,'' she sed.
'-"When' they git ter cawkasin' an' en
grossin' bills they ain't no tellin' whut
will happen. Pm scared fer you ter
"liest eazy. my deer," sez I, "I'll
be in the house ov mv friends an' they
will look (tut fer me."
After I got ter Raleigh I met up
wiOymy '-;ok. f rend, Graham Haywood,
Ks(.,,.Justis ov the Peace, lie con
gratulated me on my eleckshun, an' I
slapped him on the back an' con-,
gra filiated him-till he felt that it wuz
gude ter be eleckted. '"."-Then I san
tere on down Fayetteville Street.
Blamed if hit didn't look sorter like
sirkus day. I begun ter think that
Kuropatkin's army bed got erwav
frum the Japs an' cum over here. I
axed who they were. "Candydates,"
sed a frend ov mine; "don't you see
thei hunted look they hev?" "I
thought the eleckshuu wuz awl over,"
sed I. "They air candydates fer en
grossin' clerk, -read in' clerk, door
keepers, sergent-at-arms an' every
thing," sed my friend. Tt wuz a gude
thing. he didn't suspook me ov bein'
one ov the most blood-thirsty in the
I got down ter the hotel an' went
in ter see erbout lodginV The feller
at the big book looked me over an'
wanted ter know what priced room
T -wanted. ".Make it a gude room,"
sed I. "mebbe the guverner will call
on me ter nite." lie handed me
a pen. "Whut iz this fer."
sed T? "Sign your name, please,"
sed the feller. "Not on yer life," sed
I. "The papurs hev bin full ov warn
in' i-rbout rtignin' things fer strang
ers. You can't ketch me." Then he
axed me my mine an' writ hit him
self. Be give me a nice room with
awl sorts or scientiffick furniture an'
purty things. But hit cost me a bale
ov cotton fer supper an' lodginV
The next mornin' T hunted uj) one
ov the members frum; my county an'
tried ter git my bearins. "What do
you want?" sed he. "Enytliing frum
Speaker ov the House ter firm' the
boiler," sed I. "Have you bed enuff
experience ter be Speaker ov th
1 rouse ?" sed my member. "I've bin
married twenty-nine years," sed I,
"an' 1 hain't done "much talkin' in
that time, fer my wife hez dun purty
nigh awl ov it. But I reckon I m
talker enuff ter be Speaker." My
member 'lowed that it didn't require
an orator ter be Speaker, fer he put
in most ov hiz time tryin' ter keep
the members frum talkin' their heads
"That will suit me ter a 't.' " sed I.
"I'd jist az soon sit thar with a gun
an' keep the balance ov 'em frum
talkin' things ter death az not."
My member tole me he didn't see
cnything ter pervent my eleckshun az
Speaker ov the House, an' ter jist
.keep quiet until he'd reconiter a little
an' round ':up the rest ov the mem
bers. I'm still keepin' quiet. Durin'
the cawkus my name wern't even
mentioned fer -'Speaker, ov the House.
I am tole inse that a feller lies ter
be a -member ov the legislator before
he kin stand eny show fer Speaker
ov the House. Blamed if they
didn't flim-flam me ter a fine pint ;
hed me runnin' fer a job that 1
wuzen't elergible ter, an' the r ,
'em went on chasin' jobs that I mio
Well, I got left an- I'm a sadder an'
wiser man. These experiences cum
purty hi"h, but we must hev 'em. I'll
be a lookwarm voter in next eleck
shun, if I vote at awl, onless they git
me stirred up ter run fer sumptin'
They Think Coca-Cola Dangerous.
Prof. M. II. Holt, of Oak Ridge
Institute, in this State, thinks coca-
cola is a danpcrous beverage and has
written to a number of eminent phy
sicians for their opinions on the sub
ject. Extracts from some of the re-
pies are reproduced below :
Dr. James McKee, of the State
Hospital for the Insane at Raleigh
writes: "I think the government owes
it to its developing youth to place
restraint upon the sale of coca-cola,
because with the cheapening of this
drug comes the increased use of it,
and with the increased use of it
conies the moral depravity of the
young men, who eventually wind up
in mania and dementia,"
Dr. J. I). Spiccr, of Goldsboro,
says: "I consider coca-cola as inju
rious to the mental, moral, and phys
ical energies of the addicted, and
tends alike to sap the intellect, and
sooner or later destroy the useful
ness of the whole man."
Dr. P. L. Murphy, of the Western
Hospital for the Insane at Morgan
ton, savs: "I do most unhesitatingly
condemn the use of coca-cola."
Dr. II, F. Long, of Statesville,
writes: "Those who drink coca-cpla
will soon have the habit fixed upon
them, and will fall easy victims to
whiskey, mornhine or cocaine.- Next
to the last, it is the most . harmful
drink I know of."
Dr. U. T. Bahnson. the celebrated
physician and surp-eon of Winston
Salem, writes: "I am sure that coca-cola
drinking is one. of the worst
habits that a youn man can form,
and doubt if the alcohol habit is any
worse. The sale of the poison ought
to be prohibited by law." 1 '
'.; Dr. Steward McGuire, the woll
knqwn physician of St, Luke's. Hps
p ital, Richmond, ra., writes. "I re
gard .the coca-cola habit as extreme
! Iy prejudicial to health,'1, ;arid think
you should use every legitimate
means to , arrest : its ; development
nrupngour students." j , , , , ... ,;