POLK GQPNTY NEWS; TRYbN, N. C.
TWO SUBMARINES ARE SUNK
IN ATTACK ON LEVIATHAN
RfWQ I PARM TO COOK II
Germans Fail in Raid on Great
est United States
CARRIES 10,000 SOLDIERS
Eye Witness Gives Thrilling Account
of Trip Across Atlantic High
Praise for Work of American
Navy Men on Transport
Behave Splendidly in
Time of Danger.
Durand, Mich. An eye-witness ac
count of an attack by three submarines
on the United States transport Le
viathan and the destruction of two of
the U-boats by United States destroy
ers, is contained In a letter from Capt.
Charles A. Harmon of this city to his
son, Sergt. Carl A. Harmon, at Camp
Custer. The Ieviathun, formerly the
GermanTaterland, Is the largest vessel
afloat and was seized by the United
States when this country entered the
Captain Harmon Is in the motor me
chanics division of the aviation corps,
now safely in France, while his son
is a member of the ambulance com-
The Leviathan carried 10.000 soldiers
on that particular trip and every pre
caution of camouflage and zigzag nav
igation was employed to protect It
from the submarines, since the Ger
man government Is said to have offered
a fortuae and great honors to the com
mander and crew of the U-boat that
succeeds In sinking It.
All Obey Orders.
"Most of the men aboard were raw
recruits," says Captain Harmon, "but
when the emergency came the constant
drill and training told and not a man
disobeyed orders. Twenty hours from
our destination, at daybreak, we picked
up the destroyers In a howling gale.
They came swooping at us out, of a
rain squall like flying fish. Boy I They
looked good. They are little, long. In
trepid devils all engine and wicked
ness. We were tearing along at high
speed, trusting. to luck not to hit any
thing, but those' little ' devils curved
and circled and zigzagged around us as
If we were at anchor.
"Even with our thousand feet of
length we could hardly keep our feet
on deck, but they, vith their 200 feet
or less, were simply doing the Impos
sible. Seas too high to ride they dived
through, actually disappearing at times.
And when, in their circles, they fell
into the trough, they took a list that
would make your heart stop.
"They carry -two spars about 50 feet
high. On top of each is a crow's nest,
with a man in each watching for peri
scopes. The gunners are lashed to
their guns. They must be amphibious.
The ride those crow's-nest birds took
that day would curl your hair.
Taking No Chances.
"All day long it howled and rained
and blew, and most of the following
night, too. It was too rough for U
boats, but we were pitching over the
bones of the Lusitanla and hundreds of
other good ships and the destroyers
were taking no chances.
"Any time the United States navy is
mentioned you just get onto your legs
and salute just on general principles.
When you cross you will understand
why. They are there, those lads.
"I went on duty in a troop section
below the water line that evening at
five and was on duty for 12 hours sta
tioned on a stairway where I could
pick off the first bird that batted an
eye. About midnight the sea went
down. Then we did expect trouble any
minute. It was a tough, long night.
We knew that If a torpedo ever hit in
that section we hadn't a chance in the
world. At five in the morning 1 was re
lieved and went up topside, to the for
ward upper deck. It was just break
ing daylight, clear, no wind, sea as
smooth as glass. Six more destroyers
had joined us some time during the
ttight and they were coursing like
panthers near and far, in great,
swooping curves all around us.
Finally They Came.
"We were roaring along in sharp
zigzags, the ship, trembling like a
nervous dog, with the best speed in
her. I -thought to myself, as I took it
"'Well, this is the time and the
place. Sow where in h are those
"As if in answer to my -question the.
nearest destroyer turned on her tail
Rnd shot straight at our cutwater as if
to head something off, at the same
time firing rapidly at something the
otherside of her and close by. In
stantly the others pointed in toward
us And c-ne darting in like diving
"The nearest destroyer was not more'
than f0 yards distant. Next it swung
around in a smother of white water,
and in an instant I saw the black stern
if a submarine as it upended in a
live so close to the destroyer that they
actually bumped. Then the destroyer
sat back of the 'sub' only a few feet
Under the surface.
U-Bot Blown to Atoms.
"There was a terrific explosion; It
shook our ship as If it had been strucir.
That 'sub' just was naturally blown to
atoms. It almost cut the destroyer in
two, nearly blew the &tern of her off.
But that Is just a part of the job for
those boys. Their business s to get
subs.' What happens to them is an
other matter entirely
"It was over In less time than It
takes to tell. It At the same time the
next nearest destroyer was perhaps
100 yards away, spinning around in a
tight little circle and dropping depth
bombs as fast as it could spill them
over the stern. Presently a great oily
blob of water rose and the destroyer
study In Cleveland schools now.
for the courses In some of thev
curved away from the ship and went J
. . A A .
over to the first one to see what It was
doing. The rest of them had apparent
ly gone plumb crazy. They were sim
ply whipping the near-by surface of
the sea to white ribbons.
Living Wall Formed.
"A big flock of English gunboats and
destroyers came up from nowhere In
particular and moved along ahead of
us and on our flanks. We reduced our
speed to theirs and our own flock of
wasps came up and formed a living
wall around us and we moved along
up to where an hour later an English
pilot was picked up who took us
through the mine fields and into port.
"We learned then from the com
mander of the destroyer fleet, who
cume aboard us, that there had been
three 'subs' waiting for us. They had
fired three torpedoes at short range,
but Just as the fracas started we had
been signaled to turn sharp and beat
It. We did. The torpedoes sklimm.d
our sides. Two of the submarines went
to Davy Jones locker and they kind of
felt that the other one was smothered
the same afternoon."
BOYS LEARN TO COOK,
Cleveland. Manual training
Is not for boys only, and domes-1 J
tic science Is not only a girl's f
public schools have been switch- t
ed and the boys are being taught
to cook and buy groceries and
the girls are getting training in ;
household carpentry. The girls
are said to be proficient In
handling took, while many of
the boys In the "bringing up fa- J
ther" divisions are becoming
trood cooks and buyers. 4
GIRLS AS SHEEP HERDER
Loneliest Job in the World Is Late
Industry to Attract the
Cheyenne, Wyo. Herding sheep-
the loneliest Job in the world is thfi
latest Industry to attract women. Wy-:
ming ranchers have given so num.V
men to the war that sheepherders sre,
very scarce. Hence Misses Lulu Mun
son. Belle I'attison and Grace Keenan'.;
Campbell county lassies, have become
sheep-herdesses at a wage of $50 a
month and "found." They have been?
emploved by R J. Reno, and each gi' U
acts as guardian to 2,500 "woolies.'q
These, girls are said to be the first J
feminln'e sheepherders In the United
THE WORLD OVER
IMPORTANT HAPPENINGS OF THIS
AND OTHER NATIONS FOR
SEVEN DAY8 GIVEN
THE NEWS OF THE SOUTH
What li Taking Place In The 8outh
land Will Be Found In
RUMOR IS INTERNED FOR
THE DURATION OF WAR
Chronic Gossipers in Wall Street
Are Put Under Ban by Ex
UNPRECEDENTED IN STREET
While Not Completely Checked the
Tendency Is Toward Suppressing
Wild Stories That Might Be
New York. War has wrought mrtny
and varied changes in Wall street
ways. The adjustment of the financial
district and its army of workers to
the new order of things ushered in
by the entrance of the United States
into the war has gone ahead steadily
and is still progressing. The process
will go on until peace comes and per
haps thereafter. Banks, foreign ex
change, the security and commodity
markets, have all felt the hand of the
war god in varying degree, and the
changes that have taken place In busi
ness methods and customs In the
street would surprise the Wall street
frequenter of five or ten years ago.
Probably one of the most interest
ing developments in the financial dis
trict since our entrance Into the war
has been the attempt made by the
market authorities to put the ban on
the rumor-monger. In normal times
the most gossipy place in the coun
try is to be found right In the finan
cial district where a rumorC Is born
every minute. Millions of dollars
have been made and lost In Wall
street on the circulation of rumors.
There have been times when wild
stories were deliberately concocted for
stock market purposes.
Unprecedented on Street.
Dame Rumor lately, however, has
been taken in hand by the officials of
the New York stock exchange and
the New York cotton exchange, and
while she is still to be found at large,
her activities have been much re
stricted. On the stock exchange the
governors recently adopted resolu
tions to the effect that "the circula
tion in any manner of rumors of a
sensational character by members of
the exchange or their firms will be
deemed an act detrimental to the in
terest and welfare of the exchange.
Similar resolutions were adopted by
the cotton exchange governing board
after there had occurred a tremendous
slump in cotton prices ascribed partly
to rumors set afloat that the govern
ment Intended to fix the price of cot
ton. The effort being made to stop ru
mor spreading Is new and has never
bet.n done before. It has been ef
fecth to a degree, although It did
not prevent the flotation of a rumor
that the Herman crown prince and
40.000 men had been captured by the
allies. This rumor started the rounds
shortly after the opening of the stock
market and later when It came back
to the exchange the total bag of Teu
tons had reached 80.000.
Curiously enough during the recent
visitation of German submarines to
these shores the rumor factory was
comparatively Idle, the only story
eumnattng from that quarter being a
rumor that six German submarines
were- lying to off Atlantic City get
ting ready to bombard the resort.
Since the various exchanges banned
the dissemination of rumors their
point of origin has been carefully con
cealed so that it Is next to impossi
ble nowadays to run them down at
Curb on Wild Stories.
The German kaiser, who imist
yield ! the palm only to the crown
prince in the number of times he has
been killed in this war, has been killed
on the stock .exchange time and time
again since 1914. On other occasions
he has died a natural death from a
strange malady. There was a time
when the death of the kaiser meant
to Wall street the end of the war so
that rumors of this character were
often put out with a view to influenc
ing the course of market prices. Hut
since the exchange banned rumor
mongering; the kaiser has not been
"killed" once in the financial district
In the markets of 1915 and 101G re
ports of war orders placed with in
dustrial companies filled Wall street
for months. Some of the minors
proved to , be true, whereas others
were made out of whole cloth. Peri
odically there came also rumors of
Second Lieut. John T. Boyle was
killed near Selfridge Field, Mt Cle
mens, Mich., when the airplane which
was piloting fell in a practice flight.
Second Lieut. Allen B. Ebey, observer
in the machine, was seriously injured.
The machine fell from a height of
twelve hundred feet.
Carrying an amendment providing
for national prohibition as a war meas
ure, but not fully effective until June
30, 1919, the $11,000,000 emergency ag
ricultural appropriaton bill has been
reported favorably to the senate at
The present plan anent the prohibi
tion measure in congress is to call it
up after the army bill is disposed of.
At least 20 miners are known to be
dead as the result of an explosion of
dynamite, set off by a bolt of light
ly ning during a heavy storm at the sil
ver mine of the M. A. Hanna com
pany at Virginia, Minn. Thousands
of tons of ore fell in as a result of
the explosion, burying 20 men.
TanK f. iennan, wun me Amen-
can army in France, is the oddest hero
that Chicago ever produced. He was
forced to capture . 83 Germans in the
Imidst of a battle at Belleau woods. He
jgot caught between the lines and dis
covered a machine gun staring him
Un the face. He dived into a shell
ihole. The gunner did not shoot, but
ut his hands up and motioned Len
fiart to come up, and conveyed the
American to his dugout. He gave the
American a drink and cigarettes and
gisked if he wasn't surrounded, which
(he American assured him to be. He
went out and brought back 32 other
Germans, all of whom surrendered and
&sked to be taken to the American
lnes. The party got lost in the woods,
finally getting out, the American was
permitted to take his prisoners tc
headquarters without further assist
ance. I President Wilson will deliver a
Eourth of July address at Mount Ver
ttbn, Va., in connection with a cele
bration in which representatives of all
aified nations will participate. In of
flial and diplomatic quarters the
president's address is awaited with
pfofound interest, as it is believed he
Will take occasion to make some im
portant pronouncements concerning
As a further step in carrying out
thje war department's plan to have
thee million men under arms on Au
gust 1, Provost Marshal General Crow
del" has called on the governors of all
states except Arizona and Illinois for
th'e mobilization between July 22 and
25 of 220,000 white draft registrants
fW, general military service.
Passeueers arriving at an Atlantic
port 6n a Canadian steamer reported
that their vessel picked up S. O. S.
calls from two vessels ! being- pursued
by U-boats while 250 to 300 miles off
the American coast. j
The j unheralded appearance in Lon
don of Alexander Kerensky, former
provisional premier of Russia, togeth
er with his announcement that he i&
on his way to the United States and
that he is certain Russia soon will be
fighting again with the farces of dem
ocracy against German domination,
furnished the subject for a discussion
n official and diplomatic circles that
covered a wide range. I s
Coincident with the appearance of
Kerensky in London, John Sookine, a
"member of the Russian commission
sent to the United States by the Ker
'ensky government a year ago, and now
just back from France, announced he
had learned from intimate reports from
Russia that, the people would welcome
military action by the allies to ovor
cbm German dominti.&
John Sookine's statement and that of
former Premier Kerensky concerning
the change in sentiment of the Rus
sian masses serve to bear out reports
received at the state department.
Allied and neutral shipping 3un!c by
German U-boats during ; the first 28
days of May totaled 233,639 gross
Secretary Baker has disclosed to the
senate .military committee that with
in1 three months an enlarged army
project now being worked out will be
presented to congress to represent the
maximum fighting effort of the coun
General March announces that the
army is five months ahead of schedule
in . troop movements, nine; hundred
thousand men having beeiiisent oversea:-,
. . 1
SHIP ATTACKED WlT "
fWELVE NURSES DRO
One Boat Contain, T
curses CzzS,7Pu . . r
mnes rrom the ln,h
t op, Jat on ti, .
W UUe " torpedo..,! !,,. , 'ft'l
"au uteri . j) j-.g, .
nadian erovernmp..- -y k
the service of earn
sick from England
ner way to England
She had J
A Shelburn, N. S., dispatch says 24
members of the crew of the troop ship
Dwinsk, under charter to the Ameri
can government, which was torpedoed
wjthout warning by a German sub
marine June 18, reached there aboard
a Gloucester fishing schooner.
Herr von Kuehlman, German foreign
minister, is slated for retirement as a
result of his speech in the reichstag,
according to authoritative cables to
the French embassy in Washington.
Von Kuehlmann told the reichstag
peace proposals which on a number of tnat, the Flemish movement in which
occasions exerted an- important in
fluence on stock market prices. The
most frequently appearing reports
have been those of vessels sunk at
It wpuld of course be too much to
say that the exchange authorities h.ive
effectively checked rumors ospreadin-'
by their recent action, although uu
doubtedly the tendency is toward
suppressing wild stories that milit
be harmful both to sentiment and to
BIGGEST WAR GARDEN IN THE COUNTRY
Ivlyx" '. v - - - .-
vnw1 I T im,I1,nu tne umryH b.ggesf war ganien, 4uu a-re
Soldiers are shown here unloading from the first of nine motortrucka seeds sTnl
to the camp by the national war garden commission. The war dewrtment I
planning to spend $00,000 on war gardens in the camps. rtment 1
Germany had placed faith is a pure
swindle, and stated that the situation
in' JSsthonia and Livonia under German-occupation
Commenting upon the submarine
warfare and America's participation,
Kuehlmann is reported to have said:
"We were told that victory would
be ours by January, 1917. When the
submarine warfare was begun Herr
Hefferich assured us that America
would not take an active part. Ad
miral von Capelle promised their re
sults would be nil. There are 700,
000 Americans in France. The sub
marine has not impeded their prog
ress?' Nearly 800,000 young men of 21 who
registered for military service last
June 5, had their order in the draft
clasfees fixed by a second national draft
lottery held with formal ceremony at
the enate office building,
"JJajor Billy" Welborn, a ypung
woman employed in the provost mar
shallgeneral's office, donned the blind
fold! and proceeded to take out the
nurtjbered capsules which fixed the
order of the last draft class. She
proceeded until the box was empty.
- Plans of the American government
for ading Russia in rehabilitating her
self, which became known recently,
reveal the first step contemplated in
formal assistance will be through
American business and industrial lead
ers. This disposes of reports that a
diplomatic political mission will be the
means of carrying President Wilson's
promise to stand back of Russia.
Secretary Baker has instructed Ma
jor General Biatchford, commanding
the department of Panama, that, due
i to grave disorders, he must take over
he policing of the cities of Panama
The British troops in Flanders and
the French forces southwest of-Sois-sohs
have taken the offensive and
have, made important gains.
The British latest stroke, was be
tween Bethune and Hazebrouck on a
front of about three and $ half miles
and advanced to a depth of nearly a
mile. The British captured three hun
dred prisoners and . many; machine
guns. ' -
The French advanced on a front of
nearly five miles in the Villers-Cotter-etS;
i section, and penetrated' the Ger:
man positions for more than a mile,
capturing more than a thousand pris
oners. Feld Marshal von Hindenburg's
troops east of the forest of Nieppe got
a nasty and unexpected knock when
the -British suddenly drove forward in
a surprise attack. The operation was
an unqualified suecess from its incep
tion? Large numbers of the; enemy
were killed in the onslaught.
During a celebration of the Italian
success on thfe Piave, a crowd rushed
to the Capitoline hill and burst into
the Caffarelli palace, which before the
war .was the seat of the German em
bassy, and which is still. German prop
erty. The fact that the palace I is still
owned by Germany has been the cause
of great indignation among the' people
Austria is in serious difficulties, but
there is great danger in hoping too
much from them, is the way the mili
tary experts of France sum up the sit
uation: Little hope, is seen in .he pos
sibility of a successful revolt. Aus
tria cannot negotiate a separated peace
and it would be a "bad policy to Extend
a hand to her now." j
Austria is in no way ready to ne
gotiate separately, but as an jally of
Germany she is only a deadweight
If thju allies should extend a hand to
hep ppw, the attitude of the allies
would, be used, against the nations
which stand against her.
Swiss dispatch" say that owing to
the seriousness of the food situation
in Austria-Hungary martial law is ex
pected to be proclaimed throughout the
The -trouble-making elements in Aus
tria arie not people of strong wills, but
of thef bull-headed variety, and I will
not combine. easily; they are submis
sive and have not the energy to start
a strong revolutionary movement. They
are long on talk, but short on action,
and their little outburst at this time
is but fa sample of what they hav
been doing for twenty years.
Acknowledgement by Foreign Secre
tary von Kuehlmann that Germany
cannot be certain of winning th6 war
by forc of arms caused an indescrib
able sensation in the reichstag. His
prediction that the war might last
through a- fifth winter was received
An Amsterdam newspaper says that
there will be no further discussion of
President Wilson's four principle' of
a basis tor general peace by Count von
Hertlingy the imperial German chan
A London newspaper prints a story
that there is no foundation for the
persistent rumors that Nicholas Ro
manoff, the former emperor of Russia,
has been assassinated.
Said the German foreign secre'try
m a speech to the reichstag: "I do
not believe any responsible man in
Germany, not even the emperor; or
mem hers; of the imperial government,
even for a moment believed ihey could
win the ; domination of Europe : by
starting this war. The idea of world
domination in Europe is Utapion, as
was proven by Napoleon."
Treaties between the United States
and Greats Britain for reciprocal opera
tion of army draft laws to their citi
zens,., including Canadians, vere rati
fied by the -senate without a absent
ing vote. i
board 258 persons, including 7 "
of the Canadian army m L
and 14 female nurses.
Up to the latest
of those on board. inchnW T
tain have survived the-trear ftJ
attack, whirh rarna reacHti
The submarine commander wk ,
dered the caDtain nf T, ao,'
, Ul ms on icers?
Major T. Lyon, nf th .
aboard declared tvn v.. , . l0:P
shin Woa ok, SUnKfe
"v-wuoc one was carrv n? i,
. umcers ana others in rs
fighting service of the allies. He ato
to this later bv asset-tin ti,. J
sel was carrying munition
cause of an explosion which had oc
All lights were burning when ths
iiciiiuovery astie was torpedoed
inese included a huge electric croj
over the bridge and string nf m
and green lights on either side. Tie '
rea crosses on the sides of the vesMi
were also illumined by electrr
According to Red Cross informal
many men were killed in the enr
rooms. As the enginemen were either
killed or left their posts, there was
no one to shut off the powewr, and the
ship kept on her way. notwithstanding
the great holes , torn by the torpedo,
not beginning to slow down until the
water rushed into the boiler-rooms ei
tinguishing the fires.
This added to the confusion in
launching the lifeboats. There was to
panic, however, and by the time tie
Llandovery Castle lost her momentum
most of the borts were over the side.
Those above deck began climbing into
them in good order. But many we??
unable to reach the boats, and the
ship was sinkihgrapidly. They jump
ed into the sea and a few of then
were picked up.
One of the boats containing !!
nursing sisters, was seen to capsize,
according to latest information. The
sisters wwere drowned.
AMERICAN ARMY CORPS
NOW ON WESTERN FRONT
"Washington. Resumption of Ger
man offensive on the west front Is
now expected momentarily by arm
officials here. General Pershing's re
ports as well as French and British
advices from the front have shown in
creasing enemy activity day by day.
indicating that the Germans are pre
paring for aoother assault.
There is 'great stir and movement
among the Germans before the Ameri
can lines aiound Chateau-Thierrv.
Part of the drive may be directed
against this front in a renewal of th
thrust at Paris through the Com
It was learned that the First. S3"
ond and Third divisions (regular1
commanded respectively by Ma
General Robert. L. Bullard. Offi
Bundy and Joseph T. Dickman. ar?
included in the first corps and all a
either at Chateau-Thierry or at Can
tigny. The corps organization p-
however, calls for six division?.
combatant and two replacements, aaj
with the necessary artillery units
other additional troop--, the to
strength of a corps wouM !,e
NAVAL BASE ON FRENCH COASi
TO BECOME PORT OF EUR"
Paris. A naval base on
coast used by the American?
1.1 auo JJL L L1CX111- lO wv. .--
war to become the Eu
terminus of a five-day
Paris route. "It is t h
how is it you have
war to become the Europ --.in
Paris route. "It is the pon "u . .
..4. ... '
uui lor yourscivca. -
cords the Americans as savin-
new liners we will build ait'
and will put Paris within '
New York will use it."
SUCCESS CROWNS ALLIES
IN MOUNTAIN B
Success has apparently r(nvnP
Jr 1 it To1ionc ill tn?
tains north ot the Venetian P -the
attack on the Austrian -" ?rj.
gained rugged heights where
emy was strongly entrenched a
fighting is still going on.
mits a retirement to prt-P usej
tions," which is the expression t
in official statements to mean
.. . mlPO11"
eenmy blow has gmu
T ! I