BEET-TOP SILAGE WELL SUITED FOR USE
- BY DAIRYMAN OR FEEDER OF BEEF CATftf
S G H O CD L D A jl
1 TiU o00
By EDGAR A. GUEST
THE OLD WOODEN TUB.
I like to get to thinking of . the old
days that are gone,
When there were joys that never
more the world will look upon.
The days before inventors smoothed
( the little cares away
And made what seemed but luxu
ries then, the joys of every day ;
When bathrooms were exceptions,
and we got-our weekly scrub
By standing in the middle of a lit
tle wooden tub.
had no rapid heaters, and no
blazing gas to burn,
boiled the water on the stove.
and each one took his turn.
Sometimes to save expenses we
would use one tub for two.
The water brother Billy used, forme
would also do, - j .
Although an extra kettle I was grant
ed, I admit,
On winter nights to freshen and to
warm it up a bit.
We carried water up the stairs In
buckets and in pails, , ,
'And sometimes splashed it on our
legs and rent the air with
But if the nights were very cold, by
closing every door
We were allowed to take our bath
upon the kitchen floor.
Beside the cheery stove we stood
and gave ourselves a rub
In . comfort most luxurious in that'
old wooden tub.
modern homes no more go
through that joyous weekly fun,
through the sitting rooms at
night no half-dried children run ;
little flying forms go past, too
swift to see their charms
With shirts and underwear and
things' tucked underneath
their arms ; .
The home's so full of luxury now,
it's almost like a club
1 sometimes wish we could "go"1'-.back
to that old wooden tub.
(Copyright by Edgar, A. Guest.)
By George Matthew Adams.
T)Kt' the greatest Law of
'JL Success Is Organization. Nothing
so niarvelously emphasizes the Infinite
Mind of the Creator of this World, as
His wondrous Solar System. Its Or
ganization Is perfect. Organization
means Results real Triumphs. Before
, any Man or Business Is able to get
Results, there must be Organization. :
The greater your Organization is,
the greater will your Success be.
; Every healthy human being Is fitted
ontjnuhe first place with every Factor
, and Faculty for a powerful Organiza
tion. There Is your Brain with scores
of Elements ready to act in the Or
ganization. There is every member i
and organ of your Body ready Wait
tog and Willing. To Win get all these
things into a sound, workable Organi-
" zatlon. For s
The greater your Organization is,
the greater will your Success be.
, If you feel yourself in the position
f many a Failure take Heart Or
ganize yourself 1 Wrie down upon a
piece of paper every useful Quality
yon believe yourself gifted with. Plan
- out how your different Abilities may
help each other. Then write down the
, names of : every possible avenue of
adeavor where your Abilities seem
most adapted. Give every one of them
Something to DO. Set them to Work7
Realize what Organization can do.
, Realize that -
Tb greater YOUR Organization la,
tt greater will YOUR Success be.
By HOWARD L. RANN
THE ape Is a vest-pocket edition
of man which Is brought to this
country and exhibited in a cage for
the purposes of comparison with the
real article. After a full-bearded man
with a face which "Is a cross between
a spitz dog and a chrysanthemum: has
leaned over the railing at the zoo for
a little while and studied the countep
nance of the naturalized ape. he will
break for the nearest barber shop on
the dead run.
The ape has long, eager , toes and
a prehensile tail, with which he is
able to swing pro and con with a pre
occupied look. He also has a coarse
speaking voice, with which he argues
violently with anybody who tries to
pass hlra a sour peanut. The commer
cial ape is the kind which earns a liv
ing for some exhausted Italian who
emits hymn tunes from a hand organ.
There is also the cultivated trick ape,
which smokes a cigarette with much
the same facial expression as his
brethren In pants.
The mandrill is an ornamental form
of ape which is as highly colored as
a ' Fourth of July poster. When the
A Vest-Pocket Edition of Man Ex-
hibited in a Cage for the Purposes
of Comparison . With the
mandrill opens his mouth to say some
thing he is half undressed. The gorilla
ts the nearest approach to the male
J sex which science has yet dug out
in Africa. He walks on two feet with
the -dignified air of 'a blase floor walk
er. The late Mr. Darwin discovered
the ancestors of some of his wife's rel
atives, it is said, by studying the goril
la at close range.
The chimpanzee is a blood relative
of the ape, but comes in a larger pack
age. The chimpanzee Is a haughty and
reserved animal, and has very little
affection for anything except his
meals. It Is not safe to toy Hvlth a
chimpanzee unless the toyee is look
ing for a pleasing form of suicide
OJncK. rlnrtir fnn t
AND : GOSH!
WOW TO AVOID APPLE SCALD
Scientists Have Discovered That Cer
tain Fats and Oils Reduce Dis
ease to Minimum. f ' -
(Prepared ''by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture. ,
Most people nave learned that.,. If
they sleep in an unventilated rroom,
they poison themselves with the gases
exhaled in their own breath. But it
probably has not occurred to many
people that apples asleep or semi-dormant
in cold storage do exactly the
same thinr. It had not occurred to
anybody. In fact, until very recently,
when ssome specialists in the bureau
of plant industry, worked It out. It
Is not always possible to leave the
windows open in the sleeping room, of
the apples, but the specialists have
found a way of getting around this
difficulty in experimental quantities by
tle absorption in certain fats and
oils of the poison that is breathed
out by the annles.
The disease which may be. thus
caused In apples Is known as apple
scald and manifests Itself by turning
tht skin of the apple brown. While
the dentists have discovered that the
disease Is due to a gas or gases
breathed out by the apples, they have
not been able to Identify the gas or
gases.. But they have discovered
that, if the apples are placed In wrap
pers Impregnated with certain fats
and oils, the poison is absorbed and
the disease either prevented or re
duced to a negligible quantity. In
barrel experiments In which only part
of the fruit was wrapped, the scald
was greatly reduced on apples adja
cent to the wrapped ones. Ordinary
commercial apple wrappers caused
little decrease In , scald and paraffin
wrappers were but little better.
Several other points of importance
were determined as a result of the
experiments. Mature fruit scalds less
than Immature, but fruit just chang
ing from green to yeliow has scalded
worse than either green or yellow
fruit. Well-colored red fruit surfaces
have been practically Immune. Heavy
irrigation of apple trees Increases the
susceptibility to scald in the apples
produced. Apples in ' ventilated bar
rels developed . less than n third as
Grading and Packing Fruit "Vrepar-
tory to Placing in Cold Storage.
much scald as those In commercial
barrels If both were held in a storage
room that received occasional ventila
tion. If the storage room was not ven
tilated, or if it was oniy poorly ven
tilated, the ventilated barrels caused
very little decrease in scald. Apples
near . the aisle or near a door scalded
far less than those In the bottom of
the stack. Boxed apples exposed to
a continuous air current of 88 miles
an hour were practically free from
scald while similar apples that did not
receive the constant fanning became
badly scalded. , Stirring the storage
air was found to be more Important
tnan renewing it. beam was greatly
Increased on fruit delayed in storage
unless well ventilated during the delay,
WAY TO PRUNE RASPBERRIES
Advisable to Perform Operation in
Spring When Buds Start No
Detriment (to Canes.
It is .generally advised to prune
raspberries in the spring, and not tn
fall, because of their liability to die
back during winter. If pruned in W
fall, the chances are that another prun
ing would be jrequlred in the spring
and double labor involved. Even when
spring comes it Is often prudent to
wait till the buds start so that no mis
take can be made as . to Just how , far
the live wood extends, says a writer
in an exchange. There is no detri
ment to the canes in such a practice,
and I j have found It of value also in
the case of the blackberry, especially
In the case of such varieties as the
Early Harvest and King, which are
Injured by severe winters. The po
sition of the blossom buds cannot al
ways be discerned nntll they begin to
open and show white. I have never
observed any Injury &s the result ct
Rich late pruning.
BULL -ASSOCIATIONS T,0 STAY
Every Dairyman In Community May
Have Use of Animals of High
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Bull associations are iiere to stay.
Figures furnished by the United States
department of agriculture show that
there were 78 co-operative bull asso
ciations in operation In this country on
July 1, 1919, which represents a gain of
S4 associations over the previous year
when records showed that there were
44 associations active on -Tuly I, 1918.
Bull associations have proved espe
cial!? popular In sections where dairy
ing is a comparatively new Industry.
Many jdalrymen have been anxious rto
Increase the productivity of their cows,
but due to the fact that their herds
were small and their resources limited.
It was often Impossible for thew to
buy and maintain sulnieiul good
purebred bulls co accomplish this pur
pose, it is In cases of this kind that
the bull association has proved most
valuable, says the department. By or
ganizing the dairymen Into an as
sociation and working co-operatively
The Average Dairyman Cannot Own
This Kind, But the Community of
the purchase of proved bulls of high
producing ancestry is made pos
sible. By using these animals
co-operatively a few good bulls can
take the place of all the Inferior bulls
formerly found In the community.
An example or what the bun asso
ciation can do in improving the type
of sires is found in the South Gibson
Bull association of Susquehanna coun
ty. Ia. This association has !i0 mem
hers who own a total or cows.
Before the bull association was formed
there were 13 bulls in the community
with a total valuation of $7,300. After
organizing, only four bulls were needed
and these were purchased at a total
cost of $4,800. . The average invest
ment in eaoii of the 13 bulls in use
before orgaofxlng was $561.54. but
after the association was formed tho
average Investment was $1,200 for each
of the good bulls. In 'this way each
dairymrtn had the use of bulls that
were twice as valuable as the bulls
used formerly, and at the same time
his Investment was $125 less.
Jhe southern states have been found
especially well adapted to bull asso
ciation work. Dairying In these states
is making rapid strides, and producers
have shown great Interest In Improved
dairy cattle. 'Twenty of the associa
tions organized during the past year
are credited -to the South, six associa
tions having been formed in Mississip
pi, four In North Carolina, three in
South Carolina, fwo each In Alabama.
Georgia and Tennessee, and one In
DISEASES OF DAIRY CATTLE
Careful Observation Detects Approach.
ing Illness and Simple Remedies
The caretaker of a dairy herd must
be able to recognize and treat some of
the common diseases affecting cattle.
since they are likely to occur at any
time. In many cases it may be advisa
ble to employ the services of a trained
veterinarian, but often helpful home
treatment may be given. Careful ob
servation-at all times usually results
in detecting approaching Illness, and
frequently simple remedies may be ap-
piled In time to prevent further devel-
opment. Prevention Is far better than
cure and less expensive.
It is well to keep on hand some of
the simple and well-known drugs such
as Epsom salts, saltpeter, gum cam-
phor. ginger, tincture of iodine and
alum water, and such apparatus as a
miiK-rever outfit, trocar and cnnnin
' fever thermometer, hose and funnel
and drenching bottle.
The bull should be well cared for.
It takes a mighty good cow to hold
her own with 25 average hens.
Milk production is very largely a
matter of proper feed Induction.
' ' .. ; .
Whitewash Is one of the best and
cheapest barn Interior decorations.
' It Is worth as much or a little more
to feed and care for a bull a year than
for. a cow. '
It Is Important that the calf pens
be so placed as to avoid too great vari
ations In temperature.
Milking ,1s a dirty job these cold
mornings, but don't slight the precau
dons to keep the dirt out of the pall
' - I . j
''"hrf'flfi f J I
mSm-W ' UN Hi
Feeding Rack, Well Adapted
(Prepared by the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture.)
Beet-top silage is well suited for use
by the dairyman or the feeder of beef
cattle and sheep. When it Is fed for
the production of beef or mutton the
hay requirements may be reduced . oO
JJCI i-CUl. aht noim. iJ " -
seems to stimulate the appetites of
the animals, causing them to consume
and utilize larger quantities of feed.
Most beet growers estimate that beet
top silage has a value about one-third
to one-half that of alfalfa hay.
These points are discussed In de
tail In Fanrers bulletin 1095, "Beet
Tcp Silage and Other By-Products of
the Sugar Beet," which was recently
Issued by the. United States depart
ment of agriculture This bulletin
advocates the use of beet-top silage to
aid In meeting the shortage of hay
and other forage. It Illustrates good
methods of constructing pit silos and
gathering and siloing the tops, and
.i t ttne In
l,mfcca n"1 ""I"""" oubb
ifeuiu i fct -
ana puip, nasea largely upon ren
of beet growers and stock feeders.
Balanced Ration Recommended.
"Beet pulp and molasses, by-products
which have an established value with
stock feeders, should be fed with a
inoderate allowance of hay or other
feed In order to make a balanced
ration," the bulletin says.
"At the present price of beet mo
lasses many feeders are finding a
mixture of molasses with hay or with
pulp to be profitable. This furnishes
a variety ant1 stimulates appetite when
fed in regulated quantities.
'In feeding beet-top silage, about 30
pounds per 1,000 pounds weight for
cattle and 3 pounds per head for sheep
each day seem to be most satisfactory.
"Animals riot accustomed to beet-
top silage should be given a small
quantity at first and the feedings grad
ually Increased until the normal ra
tion is reached."
Other important points given In the
A good crop of beets will yield from
3 to 6 tons of processed silage.
The average cost of gathering the
tops and filliftg, packing and finishing
the silo Is about $1 a ton.
It Is extremely important that the
tops be gathered and put Into small
piles promptly after the beets are
topped. The dirt may be easily
shaken from the tops while the leaves
are still fresh. It is imperative that
dirt and sand be eliminated.
The fundamental factors that are
involved In making good jcorn silage
TO"5?ly iR beet-top sIlage.
ixik. we mass uiuruugmy ro exCJUOe
the free air and then seal tight. Good
silage requires thorough Dackinir.
It is not necessary to run the tops
through a silage cutter. Some feeders
prefer to do so. however, to avoid the
possibility of lambs choking on the
The same structure that Is common
ly used for putting up corn silage may
be used for beet-top silage. Because
beet tops pack io a very dense mass,
the structure will sometimes crack
and spread and thus allow air to enter,
A well-built silo Is reasonably safe. '
Making beet-top silage does not nec-
essarily Involve a cash outlay for ma
terials. The natural earth silo and
stacking above the earth are oth sue-
cessful. Concrete side retainincr walls
are advisable under certain conditions,
The natural earth silo will yield just
as ( good results for beet-top silage as
the perpendicular . structures, but
greater care In packing Is necessary.
An excellent quality of silage
made by stacking the tops entirely
above the earth and hen packing them
thoroughly The spoilage loss is great-
er than when the structure or the pit
suo is used. .
It isnot necessary to alternate lay.
ers of tops ith layers of straw. It I,
always advisable, to put a layer of
Hiraw ueii io me eann Dottom and
sides to eliminate dirt from the silage.
Silage Is not a balanced ration. It
should always be supplemented
Silage lis a carbohydrate feed and bal
ances with alfalfa hay, which Is rich
in protein. .
The fermenting process In the silo
largely corrects the cathartic salts In
beet tops. , ,
The most profitable use is made of
beet tops when they are siloed and
fed with alfalfa hay or other forage
and possibly supplemented with grain
or concentrate feeds.
' Allows Fall Plowing.
Gathering beet tops from the field
and siloing them without undue delay
allows fall plowing to be' done, before
:. . . -. .. , "'
for Hand ling Rough Feeds.
J freezing weather Interferes. p.n
plowing Is important for the l,.,.t
DnwlRe. fee(JinK practi(t,s J
ducp bftd resutg n .
moIasses A systeniatic
cafes tftJU (he osses
to the manner .n which sila-e i.fJ'
I m flj
w usi tAtccja Kin i izuutT iiian totl
Beet-top silage will Increase the fl.it
of nillk of ew-es at lambing time, it
la best to start feeding only al.out 1
pound per head daily and gradually
to Increase the quantity to 3 pounds
per day. The udder may become fc.
verish If this caution is not observed
The best way for the beet grower
to storp nnln fnr vl
spread It over the beet-top silo. It
effectually seals the silage mass, and
the heat fiom the silage warms the
pulp and thus hastens the curia? prov
ess; It also reduces thp
of handling pulp.
The limiting factor in growing sujar
peets Is usually the acreage that can
ne suiraniy fertilized and fitted for
me crop, uue regara neing given to
crop rotation. ' More feeding on the
farm means more manure for the
.i . .
The economic utilization of beet
tops and other by-products not only
yields a direct profit by feeding to
stock, but greatly assists in maintain
in soil fertility and also in establish
ing a better crop rotation.
The by-products cf the sujar-beet
crop when properly handled and fed
have a value ".quafto the entire cost
of" what Is commonly termed "haml
labor" In producing the crop of beets.
The best practices of feeding the
by-products of the sugar-beet eTopvrifl
yield a net profit equal to hM uw
net profits usually, had in growing and
marketing the crop of beets.
It is safe to conclude that one ton
of good beet-top silage is equnl to
half a ton of alfalfa hay when fed, as
a mixed feed. Many feeders think
that the silage has a value almost
equal to good hay. ton for ton.
Beet-top silage comes out of the silo
warm in the winter, and it is appetiz
ing. It seems to stimulate the assimi
lation of food and to aid the animal
to appropriate the maximum values
from all the feeds consumed
The silo brings the feed nenr the
feeding yards and minimizes waste.
GRAIN GRADING GREAT HELP
Farmers and Shippers Feel That They
Are Better Off Working Under
(f. Federal System.
Grain farmers and shippers cf the
Pacific Northwest feel that they are
Detter off doing business under me
federal grading system than under any
Previous svstem of grain inspection,
according to opinions expressed at a
meeting held in connection with the
- farmers short course of the Oregon
Agricultural college, says the tnireu
States department of agriculture. The
men wno attended the meeting
ther were . favor of keeping the
grades. at a high standard, thereby giv-
,nS a premium to the farmers raising
a nIgn Quality bf wheat
NOW USE ARSENATE OF LIME
Satisfactory In All Situations as Sub
stitute for Paris Green and
Arsenate of Lead.
Additional experience confirm the
conclusion, reported last year
hnrpsn rt onfnmnlnirv nf thp ITnite"
Is stto .nnimre. that
arsenate of Uine may be used in all
situations as a substitute for pari
green, and that f6r pomaceous fruits
-apples, pears and quinces-it mny
prove a satisfactory substitute ' for
arsenate of lead when used with lime
or fung,cIdes containing lime. A
expensive substitute for nicotine soH
phate also Is being sought
Get rid of the scrub sire.
Farm land Is too high in price t
raise scrub live stock on.
The brood mare that is worked rigb
up to the time of foaling should M
Few kinds of manure have more
fertilizing value than that from sheep.
This Is an Item of, no slight Imp