North Carolina Newspapers

VOL. 25
BURNSVILLE, N. 0., FRi:.)AY, AUGUST 10, 1923.
NO. 10
Takes Oath of Office at His Father’s Home in Vermont
and Hastens to Washington to Assume
Duties of Chief Executive.
Bom July 4, 1872, at Plym
outh, Vt.
Graduated from Amherst col
lege, 1895. Studied law North
ampton, Mass.
Married Grace A. Goodhue,
Burlington. Vt.-, 1905.
Councilman of Northampton;
city solicitor; clerk of courts;
chairman Republican city com
mittee, 1899 tp 1904.
Member general court of Mas-
cliusetts, 1907-’08.
Mayor of Northampton, 1910-
• 1911.
Member state senate, 1912-T5.
President of senate, 1914-’15.
Lieutenant .governor Massa
chusetts, 1916-’17-’18.
' Governor of Massachusetts,
Elected vice president of Unit
ed States, 1920.
IVashington.—President Calvin Coo-
lldge has succeeded Warren G. Harding.
He Is the thirtieth president of the
United States. He is the sixth vice
president to succeed through the death
of the presidents The five other presi
dents were William Henry Harrison,
Taylor, Lincoln, Garfield and McKin
ley. '
Calvin CooIIdge took the oath as
President of the United States at
Plymbijthy Vt., at 2:47 a. m. Friday,
Augustus. The ceremony took place
In the living room of the residence of
the new President's father, John C.
•Coojrldge. The oath of office was ad
ministered by the father, who is a no
tary public. The text of the pfesiden-
liiil (ratti had toea ';e)ephcmed -to Mr. ■
Coolidge at Plymouth from the White
Statement by New Chief.
President Coolidge received the news
of the death of .President Harding and
of his own elevation to the presidency
at ten minutes- before midnight, stand
ard time, Thursday.
Mr. Coolidge received the first news
through telegrams from George C.
Life Story of
Warren Gam^. iiel Harding
ChiLstian, Jr., secretary to President
Mr. Coolidge issued the following
“Reports have reached me, which
I fear are correct, that President Hard
ing Is gone. The world has lost a
great and good man. I mourn his
loss. He was my cljief and my friend.
It will be my purpose to carry out the
policies which he has begun for the
ser\-ice of the American people and for
meeting'responsibilities wherever
they may arise.
“For this‘purpose, I shall seek the
co-operation, of all those who have been
associated with the President during
his term of office. Those who have
given their efforts to assist him I wish
to remain in office, that they may
assist me. ' ■'
“I have faith that God will direct
the destinies; of our nation.”
The following telegram was sent to
Mrs. Hardlni":'
"Plymouth, Vt., Aug. 3, 1923.
“Mrs. Warren G. Harding, San
Francisco, Cal.: We offer you our
deepest sympathy. May God bless you
and keep you.
Message Tells of Death,
The telegram announcing the death
of the President was ns follows:
"Palace hotel, San Francisco, Cal.
Aug. 3, 1923.—Mr. Calvin CooIIdge,
Plymouth, Vf.: The President died. In
stantaneously and without warning,
while conversing with members of his
family, at 7.:30 p. m. His physicians
•eport that death was apparently due
to some brain embolism, probably an
Tills telegram was brought to the
Coolidge home at Plymouth Notch by
. A. Perkins of Bridgewater, who
■ns the telephone line running from
Bridgewater to Plymouth. About five
minutes later newspaper men arrived
in Ludlow.
A drive of thirty miles through the
mountains brought them to the Cool-
idge summer home.
Mr. Coolidge and Mrs. Coolidge had
retired about an hour before the death
messages were received. Ten minutes
after the arrival of the newspaper men
Mr. and Mrs. Coolidge came downstairs
into the sitting room of the Coolidge
horned Jlr. Coolidge was dressed In a
black sack suit and wore a black neck-
Mrs. Coolidge wore a black and
white gown, white shoes and stockings.
Mr. Coolidge was very pale and showed
deep regret for President Harding’s
death. He seated himself at a table,
while Mrs. Coolidge brought a lamp
and read the telegrams he had re
He then called his assistant secre
tary, Irwin Geisser, and dictated to
him his statement and the telegram to
Mrs. Harding.
Mrs. CooIIdge Weeps.
In the meantime people were arriv
ing from all directions. Mr. CooIIdge,
seeing the house becoming crowded,
gave orders that an adjoining house
be opened for use as press headquar
Meanwhile, the new first lady of the
land sat weeping softly and exclaim
ing in sympathy for the bereaved first
lady in San Francisco.
“What a blow—what a terrible blow
to poor Mrs. Harding,” she » -* --.“ShP
had had such a heavy Durden, in her
own illness, to bear up under—and
now this!”
'Finally Secretary Geisser returned
with the press copies of the state
ments, and pushing back the old
photograph album and the family Bible
on the center table, Mrs. Coolidge
busied herself with the work of help
ing distribute them.
The newspaper men had scarcely
gotten out of sight when another tele
graph messenger arrived with a copy
of the presidential oath from Wash
ington. In the same sitting room
with its hand-braided rugs, Its clutter
of venerable colonial furniture, its old
wood stove and Its family Bible—Cal
vin Coolidge received the oath of office
from his father, and became America’s
thirtieth president.
Calvin Coolidge is a quiet, taciturn
man, known to his friends as “Silent
For more than twenty years prior to
his election as vice president he had
been In political life, starting almost
immediately after fihlshing college.
Ilis first political office was In the city
council of Northampton, Mass., where
he had settled. For years he held va
rious offices In that city. Including
those of city solicitor and mayor;
then he was elected to the Massachu-
setts house of representatives. Later
he won a seat In the state senate and
was Its president.
Coolidge was lieutenant governor of
M.assacliusetts and in 1919 was elect
ed to the governorship in the first cam
paign won by the Republican party in
several j'ears. He was governor for
two years. It was during this term he
during his term as governor that he
first attained nation-wide prominence.
This was In connection with the po
licemen’s strike in Boston. He took
firm control of the situation, ordered
the state guard to patrol the streets,
and kept down rioting, taking the
stand that law and order must be pre
sented. The strike was a complete
He M’as mentioned as a possibility
for the presidential nomination prior
to the 1920 campaign, but he made a
public announcement that he would
not consider the nomination. His
nomination and election to the vice
presidency followed.
Mr. Coolidge comes of a long line
of New England ancestors who came
to America in 1C30, settling near Wa
tertown. Mass. President Coolidge
has two sons, Calvin, Jr., and John.
Neither he nor his wife has been par
ticularly active socially. A man of
simple tastes, a thorough student, a
hard worker, he is looked' upon by his
friends as a clear-headed, solid Ameri
can. Although shy, he remains un-
’perturbed no matter how exciting the
situation may be. The keynote of his
nature Is dependability. In dress he
Is conservative, usually the opposite
of extravagant, but always immac
In Washington Mr. Cflolidge has
been ranked as a clear thinker, care
ful in speech, a fair mixer—as aggres-
, sive as any vice president can be.
Warren Gamaliel Harding, twenty-
ninth president of the United States,
was born November 2, 1865, on his
grandfather’s farm Just outside the
village of Blooming Grove, In Morrow
county, Ohio. He was descended from
two pioneer American families, hardy
Holland Dutch on the one side and lib
erty-loving Scotch on the other. His
father, Dr. George T. Harding, Is still
a practicing physician in Marion,
0., despite his advanced age of seven
ty-nine years. His mother was Phoebe
Elizabeth Dickerson Harding, -
Mr. Harding was a self-made man in
the best sense of the phrase. He
worked on Jiis wandfather’s farm and
attended the vRlage school until he
was fourteen years old, and then be
entered the Ohio Central college at
Iberia. He worked his way through
that institution by cutting com, paint
ing his neighbors’ barns and helping
on the grading of the roadbed of the
T. & O. C. railroad. He also played In
the village band and was editor of the
college paper.
When he graduated from the col
lege, Warren went to work In the vil
lage printing office. At the time he
was nineteen years old, his father
moved to Marlon with the family and
there aided Warren financially In gain
ing control of the Marlon Star, of
which he was publisher until after he
assumtd the office of president of-the
United States. Already he knew how
to set type and to do all the other
duties of a printer, and when the lino
type was Introduced he learned to op
erate that machine. Always he car
ried as a pocket piece the printer’s
rule he used In those days.
The Star was his Idol and he was
verj* proud of It and of the more than
friendly relations that existed be
tween him and his employees. There
was'never a strike on the paper, and
.luuui. loui'ieen years ago uIbluuCi.-,.
a profit-sharing plan whereby the em
ployees received dividends that were
paid them la the form of stock In the
paper. Mr. Harding was identified
also with the industries that sprang
T\,ag so successful that in the election
O'* November 4 he received 404 elec-
t()^ral votes to 127 for James M. Cox,
tl'a Democratic nominee. He was In-
a-]gurated March 4, 1921, with a de
gree of simplicity in the ceremonies
traf pleased the American people.
Tciassed, when in the senate, as a
conservative. President Hardthg did
nft depart markedly from conserva
tive. lines when in the White House,
tll^ugh his supporters always said he
as progressive as the good of the
Li'Untry warranted and as conditions
permitted. He, like President Roose
velt, had a great coal miners’ strike on
hiS'? hands, and labored hard and with
Ojtaeasure of success to bring it to a
piTiceful and Just end.
Arms Limitation Conference.
gPhe outstanding accomplishment of
hir administration was the great Inter-
njLlonal conference for the limitation
01^ armament held In Washington, open-
in;' on Armistice day, November 11,
At his Instigation the confer
vas authorized by congress and
'cer feeling out the big powers and
ding them, agreeable he issued invl-
tions to Great Britain, France, Bel-
gi .\rn, Italy, Japan, China, the Neth-
lands and Portugal. Each country
s«nt some of Its most eminent states-
laen as delegates, those of the United
^ates being Secretary of State
9 ughes, chairman of the conference;
Ejinators Lodge of Massachusetts and
r nderwood of Alabama, and ex-Secre-
,t ry of State Ellhu Root.
f ie conference adjourned February
]^2922, after negotiating these
f. covenant of limitation to naval
Qiament between the United States,
' G beat Britain, France, Japan and Italy.
E A'teeaty between the same powers
to the use of submarines and nox-
gases In warfare.
pritaln, France and Japan re-
■^0 their Insular possessions and
•^r^fl^ular dominions in the Pacific,
^5/declaration reserving American
i mandated territory.
tice which had been founded nnder
the auspices of the League of Nations,
The President was as Insistent as ever
that this country should keep out of
the league, but believed the court was
would be independent of the greater
organization. Against the advice of
some leaders of his party, he reiterated
this advice on several occasions, and
his plan formed the subject of some
of his addresses on his last and fatal
trip through .the West. He did not
think it would split his party, and
boldly continued to advocate It. Not
withstanding this, It was assumed to
be almost a certainty that President
Harding would be renominated in the
Republican national convention of
Mr. Harding’s home life was Ideal
save that he had no children. He and
Mrs. Harding, who was Miss Florence
Kllng of Marion, were devoted to each
otheb and she was always his true
helpmate, both In Ohio and In Wash
ington. In the national cap'cal Mrs,
Harding quickly made herself loved
by all with whom she came In contact,
and during the Western trip she was
more eager even than the President
to meet and mix with all kinds of
His Western Trip.
President Harding’s Alaska trip was
originally planned for the summer of
1922. He inherited the so-called
“Alaska problem.” Alaska seemed to
be on the down grade, with decrease in
population and mining output, threat
ened extinction of the .fishing industry
and numerous other unfavorable
symptoms. The situation apparently
called for the establishment of a defi
nite Alaskan policy. Various plans
were discussed. Including a transfer of
control to the Interior department
from the score or more of governing
bureaus. President Harding’s plans
for 1922 came to naught, but this year
he determined to get first-hand Infor
mation. He was ax;companled by Sec
retary Work of the Interior depart
ment, Secretary Wallace of the Agri
cultural department and Secretary
Hoover of the Department of Com
merce, all of whom are Immediately
concerned in the Alaskan situation.
The President left Washington at
the end of June and Journeyed leisure-
'American Reoresentative Grew An
nounces Property Claims Soon
Will Be Settled.
Lausanne.—With the ratification of
two treaties signed, the relations be
tween the United States and Turkey
enter upon a new era. Joseph C.
Grew, the American representative in
a brief address after the signature,
declared that the conventions permit
of “close and useful co-operation be
tween the two countries.”
Mr. Grew recalled that during the
past few years Turkey has been the
zone of events of far reaching signifi
cance and as a consequence her rela
tions with other countries have been
greatly modified, her system of gov
ernment and political ideals changed,
and it seemed fitting that these
changes should furnish the occasion
and reason for the conclusion of treat
ies with the United States.
Isinet Pasha laid emphasis on the
ties of democracy, binding the United
States and Turkey. He decpicted
Turkey as a “new Turkey” and a land
whose government was based on the
will of the neonle: hence his pleasure
on entering on friendly and co-opera
tive relations with the great Ameri
can republic.
The two treaties^, one general and
the other relattag to extradition,
printed in French, were signed by Mr.
Grew, Ismel Pasha, Riza Nur Bey, and
Hassan Bey. The two delegations sat
Iv fn the Pncific NcrUiwest by special , . ,
train, making speeches at‘V,,pY
•Denver, Helena, Spokane and' ot,,..v '
cities. Incidentally he visited' two of
the national parks. First he went to
Zion In Utah, the newest of our na
tional parks, which Is a many-colored
gorge cut by the Rio Virgin, Next ha
visited Yellowstone in Wyoming, cre
ated In 1872, the first national park In
the Ouchy hotel and solemnly affixed
their signatures in the presence of a
small group of Americans and others.
In the general convention, the con
tracting parties agree to terminate aR
treaties existing between them and
declare that capitulations are com
pletely abrogated. Each party agrees
history and largest and most famous to receive diplomatic and consular
' representatives, who will he accorded
“most-favored-natlon-treatment.” Citiz
ens Of the United States will be en
titled to travel and iKside in Turkey
on condition that they comply with
the laws of the country and to engage
in professional, commercial and indus
trial activities permitted by law to for
eigners, and will be assured of the
most complete protection of person
and property in accordance with the
standards of the international law.
By way of special exist exemption
of the nineteen parks of our system.
Hefe he motored, boated, fished, fed
the bears and had a good time. His
plans also included a visit to Yosemlte
upon his return trip, but that was
Saw Much of Alaska.
The President celebrated the Fourth
of July In the United States and then
started for Alaska on the U. S. trans
port Henderson. His Alaskan trip was
extensive. He went the length of the
new government railroad and visited
the capital, Juneau, and the principal it is provided as in the treaty with
cities. He also was shown the best of , European states, that Americans with
the majestic scenery* 1 ^os^rd to matters of persona status
On his return trip Mr. Harding , shall be subject only to American
stopped off at Vancouver, creating ! courts. American companies also will
precedent in that he was the first given the right to engage In busl-
American President to step on Cana- j ness in Turkey. The treaty provides
dian soil, j complete liberty of commerce and
The President arrived at Seattle ' navagation and accords the most fa>-
July 27 and reviewed from the bridge ored nation treatment with regard to
of the Henderson a fleet of a dozen or ' the prohibition, restrictions and con-
battleships under command of Ad- j ditions of every kind on import and
miral H. P. Jones, each of which gave export duties and excise taxes,
him the national salute of twenty-one j
guns. Even then he was suffering |
from the ailment that resulted in bis I
Memorial Spends Nine Millions. .
New York.—The Laura Spellman
death, and soon after that the rest of j Rockefeller memorial, established In
his trip, which was to Include a retuhi ! October, 1918, by John D. Rocktel-
to the East via the Panama canal, was ' ler in memory of his wife, has spent a
cancelled. I total of $9,361,871.12 for philanthropic
President fiardlng made a public ad- j purposes, it is disclosed in the first
dress at Seattle, setting forth his views ; report of the memorial, made public.
up in Marion as it grew from a town I , . ■
, , ^ ... « .L A treaty between the nine powers In
of 4,000 to a City of more than 30,000,.A. ^ . i
In „ tsthe conference relating to principles
ind policies to be followed In matters
director In a bank and iij
several manufacturing companies, an(
was a trustee of 'Trinity BapUs.
Hia Rise in Politics.
As editor and publisher of a lively
Republican paper it was inevitable
ncernlng China.
A treaty bctw’een the nine powers
la.ting to Chinese customs tariff. Be-
ause France refused to consider the
imitation of land armament at the
bresent time, that part of the confer-
that Mr. Harding should take an ac throngh. But what It did
tlve Interest in politics, and his attalrn
ments brought him to the front lo th (]_
state. He was a member of the Ohlggj
senate from 1900 to 1904, ‘and
served as lieutenant governor of thi®
state. In 1910 he was the Republica;^,
nominee for governor, but was defea- ^
ed. In 1915 he was sent to the UnltV^O'
States senate, serving until 1920, wheOC
ihleve was considered a great step
ward the attainment of world
le treaties were soon ratified by the
alted States senate and the British
irilanlent, and the other nations fol-
wed suit, though for a long time It
as feared France would not accept
•e pacts. However, President Hard-
, , . , -S s®® th®™ ratified by the
he resigned to mate the campaign fo. si j chamber and senate,
the presidency. In the preconvention j.
The sum of $1,192,916 was contrib
uted to the American relief adminis
tration to aid 't^’ar sufferers in Europe.
An additional $500,000 was spent to
transport medical supplies to Russia.
For social welfare projects $3,992,50s
was expended.
on the Alaskan situation. Some of
points were these:
“Alaska for Alaskans.”
“There Is no need of government-
managed, federally-paid-for hothouse
development . . . there must be no
reckless sacrificing of resources.”
“Alaska Is destined for statehood in
a few years.” Eight Killed in New York Town.
“AVhere there Is possibility of better- Buffalo, N. Y.—Eight persons were
ment in federal machinery of admin- killed and two fatally Injured when a
istration, Improvement should and will train crashed into an automobile truck
be effected.” [ carrying a picnic party to Niagara
Other conclusions presented by Pres-' Falls. -Mrs. Camillo Capriotto and her
ident Harding were: | five little children were killed. Angelo
That generous appropriation should
campaign that year he had been
looked on as one of the possible nomi
nees for the high office, but his defeat
Favored Entering World Court.
Mr. Harding had not been long in
the White House before It appeared
In the primaries tor election ot dele- i ,s„i,tion
gates from OWo seemed to spoil his I ,^6 United States from European
rhflnrea. However, the oonservntlve . •.... u... a *i.i_
chances. However, the conservative
leaders of the Republican party pr^L
vailed In the gathering in the Chicago'
Coliseum, and Mr. Harding was nomi
nated. His campaign was based large-'
ly on opposition to American partlcl-,'
nation In the League of Nations, and'
affairs, but believed this country
would have to do Its part in the res
toration of Europe to peace and sta
bility. This feeling became more evi
dent early in 1623 when he proposed
that America should accept member
ship In the International Court of Jus-
be made for road building.
That the federal government should
be more liberal hf encouraging the
technical, scientific and demonstration
work In agriculture.
That restrictions should be laid on
the fisheries and on the forests.
That the development of the coal
mines must await time and economR
That the government should retain
ownership and operation of the Alas
kan railroad.
During the President’s Illness th
greatest concern was felt and ex
pressed In all foreign countries, and
their governments were constantly ad'
vised of his condition.
Bartollo, 35 years old, and baby were
also killed. The husband *01 the dead
woman and another man were fatally
Bulgarian King Praises Harding.
Euxinograd. Bulgaria.—King Boris
was profoundly mo'ved at the news of
President Harding’s death and imme
diately sent a message of condolence
to Mrs. Harding.
To the Associated Press King Boris
“A great man has been removed
whose powerful influence always was
cast on the side of peace and amity
au,')ng nations."

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