North Carolina Newspapers

VOL, 16
NO. 6
Washington.—The results of experi
ments which support the Einstein
theory of relativity and promise- of
success in beating the boll weevil with
an odor similar to that believed to
entice to the cotton plant, were laid
before the session of the annual meet
ing of the National Academy of
In the absence of Dr. A. A. Mich-
elson, head of the University of Chi
cago's physics department, because
of illness, his associate. Professor A.
H. Compton, read his paper entitled
“The Latest Test of the Einstein
Theory,” which determined that when
the atrh is going forwar din a straight
line, the city of light is apparently
affected, but that rotation has no ef
fect on light velocity.
Dr. Mlchelson’s experiments, con,,
ducted in conjunction with Prof. H. G.
Gale, dean of the graduate school of
science, University of Chicago, indicat
ed proof, Professor Hale said, of the
theory that the ether does not go
along with the earth. The race be
tween two beams of light, tralveling
in opposite directions, around a rec
tangle, was used in his experiments by
Dr. MIchelson, whose earlier work is
credited with having set Einstein on
the road to his relativity theory.
Preliminary experiments by Fred
erick B. Power and Victor K. Chest
nut, bureau of chemistry, department
of agriculture in the cotton belt in
analyzing odorous constituents of the
cotton plant, the scientists were told,
have disclosed that ammonia and
trimethylamine were present in ap
preciable amounts in the distillate, but
the ammonia largely predominated.
Both substances were also found to
be emanations from the living plant,
and although further tests remain to-
be conducted, it is considered possible
that the odor attracting the boll
weevil might be produced artificially
for use as a bait for the insect.
The papers on a wide range of sub
jects by American and foreign schol
ars were read at the opening sessions
during the day.
Although the United States is i
the only nation possessing helium in
commercial quantities, Dr. S. C. Blind,
chief chemist of the bureau of mines,
declared that when other countries
are drilling for oil and has to an equal
extent, there i-s a possibility that the
non-inflammable gas will be found to
exist elsewhere. It takes some 20,000,-
000 years for helim to leak up from
minerals and rocks to the poods of
natural gas, where it is now found.
Henry Varner Dies.
Lexington.—Henry Branson Varner,
president of the North Carolina Motion
Picture Theater Owners association
and former ^tate commissioner of la
bor and printing, died here of pneu
monia which developed 10 days ago
following a business trip to Charlotte.
Colonel Varper’s condition had been
exceedingly gtave the -last few days,
but Sunday he was thought to have
shown positive signs of improvement.
There was a sudden turn for the worse
and the patient soon sank into a state
of coma. He did not regain conscious
ness before his death.
New York. — Wielding chairs,
dishes and silverware, 75 men pat
rons in the Cafe de L’Europe, in
Second Avenue, routed five armed
robbers who fired six shots before
making their escape. They left
four injured victims in fighting
their way to freedom with black
jacks and revolver butts; The rob
bers escaped with money and jew
elry estimated to total $3,000, in
cluding approximately $2,500 from
the cafe cash register.
Two ambulances were called for
the four men who had been injur
ed. Police reserves were ordered
out, but no trace of the robbers
was found.
Upholds Segregation Law.
New Orleans.—The state supremo
court ruled in effect upheld the New
Orleans ordinance requiring that
whites and negroes live in separate
parts of the city by refusing to review
the case.
Start 33 Officers to Prison.
Cincinnati.—Thitry-three former Cin
cinati policemen and agents of county
“dry” courts, reported to the United
States marshal and were started to
Atlanta, where they are to serve feder
al penitentiary terms. The sentences
varying from 18 months to a year and
a day, were imposed for participation
in the liquor grant recently investigat
ed by a federal grand jury.
Bandit’s Widow Cains Point.
New Orleans.—The state supreme
court declined to review its decision
refusing a motion of the state for a
change of venue for Mrs. Nellie
Wright, widow of William Wright,
who was killed recently in Mobile.
She is to be tried here soon on a
charge of possessing.some of the valu
ables he was charged with which he
Explosion Wrecks Mine.
'Grafton, W. Va.—The wheelhouse of
the Fahey Coal company at Sand
Lick, Taylor county, was wrecked by
an explosion. The mine was to have
resumed operations on a non-union
basis after having been idle for two
years. State police were assignd to
Investigate the cause of the blast.
New York.—The American News-
paper Publishers’ association at its
second day’s session voted to increase
revenues to provide for extension of
its service and to hold a semi-annual
convention beginning this fall at some
point in southern territory to be se
Expansion of the publishers’ organ
ization was authorized by adoption of
the following resolution;
“Resolved, that the president of the
American Newspaper Publishers’ asso
ciation be authorized to appoint a
committee of members for the purpose
of conferring with the board of direc
tors of the A. N. P. A. as to the basis
for future dues and assessments to be
levied by the association and Chat fol
lowing such consultation the board of
directors of the A. N. P. A. be author
ized to be put into effect after due
notice such basis of dues and assess
ments as shall be determined by the
board of directors.”
This action, it was said, will meet
a request made by President S. E.
Thomason in his annual address. Mr.
Thomason’s request also contemplated
a reduction in the cost of member
ship of smaller dailies and an equita
ble increase in the dues of those larger
newspapers better able to bear it.
The additional funds will likely be
applied, it 'was said, to the widening
of the association's service to mem
bers along the following lines: Spon
soring of meetings of mechanical men,
and bulletin service for exchange of
useful mechanical information and
methods; bulletin information on hand
ling methods and on waste in paper,
prices, and percentages; a similar ser
vice on paper damage, methods of
paper handling, weights of wrappers
and methods of protecting rolls.
Freight rate advance and a general
traffic service also have been urged
by President Thomason as certain to
pay for themselves over annually, and
will doubtless be included in the new
service program.
Coolidge Offers Culbertson Post.
"Washington — President Coolidge
has selected William S. Culbertson of
Kansas to succeed Peter A. Jay
minister to Rumania. Mr. Jay soon
will be transferred to Argentina.
Mr. Culbertson, at present vice
chairman of the tariff commission, has
not, however, made known to the
White House whether he will accept,
nor have the usual formailities preced
ing a diplomatic appointment.
Mr. Culbertson conferred with the
president, and it was assumed that
the executive had laid the diplomatic
appointment before him as a personal
matter and a promotion, as has been
the case recently within the foreign
State department officials hold the
Rumanian post of high importance and
have canvassed the names of numer
ous available men to find one capable
of maintaining American rights in the
delicate situation obtaining there,
Berlin.—The people of Germany
have rallied to the banner of Field
Marshal von Hindenburg and elected
him president of the republic. He is
the first president of Germany to be
elected by popular ballot. He is th^
first president of Germany to be elect-
by popular ballot. He was nomi
nated by the national conservative
bloc to replace Dr. Karl Jarres, who
failed of election in the first balloting
on March 29. His opponent was Dr.
Wilhelm 'Marx, candidate of the repub
lican bloc, adherents of the Weimar
coalition, composed of centralists, so
cialists and democrats. The third
candidate was Ernest Thaelmann,
Von Hindenburg triumphed in his
race for the presidency with a major
ity close to 845,000 votes. The .unoffi
cial final figures are: Von Hinden
burg, 14,639,399; Marx, 13,752,640;
Thaelmann. 1,931,591; votes declared
invalid, 21,910, Total 30,345,540.
Von Hindenburg comes to the chair
once occupied by Friederich Ebert,
who was chosen president by the na
tional assembly at Weimar in Febru
ary. 1919, and who died in Berlin in
February, 1925, The women’s vote
and a heavy turnout of former stay-
at-home voters elected the field mar.
shall. Not until the returns from 33
out of 35 election districts were re
ceived and tabulated could the out
come be determined, and from the
close of polls at 6 o’clock it was any
man’s race, as the two chief candidates
ran neck and neck in the official
Veneration for the Prussian royal
house, Implicit faith in God, unbound
ed enthusiasm for the military profes-
ion and a consuming love for thej
Humbojdt, Tenn.—After killing
two youohs with a single bullet on
the main street of this city. Con
stable Will T. Cox, was bound over
under a charge of second degree
iiurder at a preliminary hearing
'dljfore Magistrate William Dunlap.
Carl Ladd, 19,'and Gaston Groom,
is, were riding along Main street
and, according to the constable, re
fused to stop when he hailed them.
He declared -the youths were driv
ing at a high rate of speed, and that
their automobile bore no license
tag. When the automobile return-
'.td. along the street the constable
declared the driver again ignored
} :i8 order to stop. Constable Cox
hen fired his pistol, It is charged.
) The bullet passed through Ladd’s
body and entering that of Groom,
killed him Instantly. Ladd stopped
(he car, got out and staggered a
f|ew paces, falling dead in the street.
Augusta. Ga.—Assurance that the
business situation of the country is
“fundamentally sound,” although pros
perity has not reached the heights
which “it was expected in some quar
ters it would,” was given in a resolu
tion adopted by the executive council
of the American Bankers association,
In its spring meeting here. One hun
dred and fifty bankers, representing
every state in the union, make up the
A warning that more drastic mea
sures are necesasry to combat the
of ban^ burglaries in the^ mid
fatherland—these are characteristics
of Field Marshal General Paul von
Beneckendorf und Hindenbburg, elect
ed president of the German republic
as standard-bearer of the nationlist
parties, as they are rev'laled in his
outobiography “Aus Minem Leben,”
published in 1920, and of the biography
“Fieldmarshall von Hindenburg.”
written by his brother, Bernhard, and
published in 1916.
One is taken back to the days when
Germans still believed in the divine
right of kings, when the profession of
arms was the most sacred of callings
and when the German paraphrase of
“My country, right or wrong,” had not
yet given place to the motto, “My
country when right to be kept right,
when wrong to be set right.”
Sapiro Asks For Million Damages.
Detroit.—Damages of $1,000,000
were asked in a suit filed in United
States district court here against
Henry Ford and the Dearborn Publish
ing Company, which he owns. The
action was brought by Aaron Sapiro,
an attorney who has been connected
prominently with co-operatives mar
keting organizations of farmers and
fruit growers throughout the country.
Sapiro’s suit charges that certain
articles printed in the Dearborn Inde
pendent, a weekly newspaper publish
ed by Ford, have injured him as an
attorney and deprived him of “divers
fees, gains, rewards and compensa
tions” which he otherwise might
have obtained.
The petition quoted articles which
it Is averred appeared in the Dearborn
Independent, accusing Sapiro of being
one of “a conspiracy of Jewish bank
ers who seek to control the food mar
kets of the world.”
Pulitzer Prize Awards For 1924.
New York.—The annual Pulitzer
prizes in journalism and in letters for
1924 were announced by President
Nicholas Murray Butler for' the school
of journalism of Columbia university.
Edna Ferber, for her novel “So
Big,” was awarded the $1,000 prize
“for the best American novel publish
ed during the year which shall present
the wholesome atmosphere of Ameri
can life and the highest standards of
American manners and manhood.” The
$500 prize for the “best cartoon pub
lished in any American newspaper dur
ing the year” was given to Rollin Kir
by, of The New York World, for his
cartoon entitled “News From the Out
side World,” published October 5.
■Sydney Howard, author of “They
Knew What They Wanted,” was
awarded the $1,000 prize for the “origi
nal American play, performed in New
York, which shall beat represent the
educational value and power of the
stage of raising the standard of good
morals, good taste and good manners.”
The play was one of 13 plays re
cently investigated by District Attor
ney Banton on complain of citizens.
die west was given In the report of
i® ass^i^ion’s protective commit-
je, which declared “the roving army
f desperadoes, flouting the law at
very turn” shows a presistent growth
lat is “convincing proof that the dan-
srs of banditry threaten to become a
ermanent menace.
The council, without a dissenting
)te, refused to re-open for discussion
. its meeting here the question of the
isociation’s attitude to branch bank-
ig. A group of California bankers
ad telegraphed a petition that ar-
ingements be made to give the pro-
raents of unrestricted branch ban_k-
g a hearing, should the annual con-
' mtion of the association in Septem-
tr see fit ^o r^ffirm its previous
(oisIOE disapproving of the practice
ii5 pledging support to legal meas
les designated to check It. Upon a
iatement by Oscar Wells, of Blrmlng-
: m, first vice president, that there
is no ground for a belief that the
 nvention would any further
! tion uppn the subject, but that if it
(i an opportunity for opposition
DUld be automatically extended, the
joposal In the telegram was tabled.
In commemoration of the fiftieth
tniversary of the organization's his-
■ ry, the council voted Its approval
(! a suggestion by the committees on
jpiversary preparations that an en-
qwment fund of not less than $50,000
b created for the providing of schol-
aihlps In the economic department of
vrious colleges and universities and,
i sufficient amount is raised, for re-
rch work along economic lines,
e fund is to be raised by voluntary
►scription. Two subscriptions of
,000 each have already been pledg-
it was stated.
Business Going Forward.
New York,—The process of season
al readjustment in industry made fur
ther headway last week but failed to
lift general business from its present
lassitude. The underlying position of
trade continued satisfactory but re
sults of spring operations in most lines
proved disappointing to those who had
expected a progressive expansion.
With the exception of the automo
bile industry, the trend of the prin
cipal producing divisions has been low
er. Where improvement has taken
place in the past fortnight as in cer
tain sections of the steel industry, the
gains have been limited and not well
Business, however, derived some
■encouragement from the fact that the
current recession has been extremely
moderate In comparison with the trade
degression a year ago, and that there
appeared to be no sound basis for ex
pecting a repetition of the unsatisfac.
tory conditions which existed during
Washington.—^World peace can be
ultimately effected only through the
clarification and codification of inter
national law and this is to be accom
plished only through a great confer
ence of representatives of all the na
tions of the earth, former Secretary of
State Hughes, as president of the
American Society of International
Law, told members of that associatloB
at their annual meeting.
Speaking on “the development of ijv
ternational law,” he asserted that th«
United States must lead the way tO'
ward such a conference and reiterated
his hope that “the appropriate support
of the Permanent Court of Interna
tional Justice by the government of
the United States will not be delayed
much longer.”
It was hot his purpose to re-state
the reasons he believed the United
States should support the permanent
court, Mr, Hughes said, “but simply to
emphasize the incalculable advantage
of having such a tribunal to aid In
the development of international law;
to reinforce the law abiding sentiment
through recouse to the eexrcise of its
jurisdiction and acceptance of the de
cision.” He added:
“Not improbably the nations may
thus be led to avail themselves more
readily of the necessary international
legislative processes to perfect the law
and to satisfy enlarged conceptions of
International justice.”
Every suggestion intended to ba
helpful should be accepted and dealt
with, no matter what trying situations
and trials of patience may result, Mr.
Hughes insU^d, declaring that “we
must to'"'remembpr that no
progress can be had unless we have
an atmosphere of endeavor and a dis.
position which lifts us above captious
ness.” It is in this spirit, he added,
that “we consider the development of
international law, not as an exclusive,
or all-sufficient remedy, but as an im
portant means of correcting the evils
that afflict us.”
Wilbur Signs Orders For Trail.
Washington,r—Orders were SYgned
by Secretary Wilbur for the court-
martial of six officers on charges
growing out of the raid on the naval
transport Beaufort at Norfolk, Va.,
February 24, when a quantity of liquor
was seized upon its arrival from the
West Indies.
The board is expected to be desig
nated soon and convene for the trial at
Hampton Roads.
Under the order signed, Commander
D. W. Fuller, of Rockland, Maine, who
was In command of the Beaufort, is
charged with neglect in that he did
not discover the presence of liquor on
One of the officers, Lieut. Fred M.
Rohow of Sturgeon Bay, Wis., of the
medical corpse, is also charged with
failing to obey orders to report dutia
ble articles on board ship.
Methodist Women Select 1926 Meeting
Place By a Close
Greenville.—The Women’s Mission
ary Society of the North Carolina Con
ference decided to meet next year in
Elizabeth City. Hamlet also extended
an invitation which was very favorab
ly considered. Elizabeth City won by
a narrow margin, the vote being 68 for
Elizabeth City and 61 for Hamlet.
The devotional services were con
ducted by Miss Elizabeth Lamb, folow-
ed by an address by Miss Anna Gra
ham, “What the County Organizations
Have Meant to the Weldon District.”
Miss Daisy Davies delivered the ad
dress of the morning on “Our Work in
Europe.” In the beginning of her talk
she gave a romance of old^clotbes, say-
“I think the finest group of people
on the earth are the organized women
of the 'Southern Methodist church.
Thirty-six States of the Union sent Old
Clothes to Poland.”
She spoke of the task of erecting
memorial to' these lives that will live
on forever, ‘ She told of the distribu
tion of old clothes in Poland and the
pitiful sight in these countries, or arm
ies of people, ragged, cold, and home
less. The beginning of religious work,
continued the speaker, was the send
ing of old clothes to these countries.
Concentrate Warfare on Weevil.
Kinston.—“The Eastern Carolina
Chamber of Commerce is to turn its
full attention to the perfection of the
boll weevil campaign, launched some
time ago, in conjunction with the Ex
tension Service and the .State College
of Agriculture. The plan calls for put
ting on several special men in the vari
ous town and communities in Eastern
Carolina for two weeks beginning
June 15 and lasting until September
1. The agricultural experts state that
this year is going to be a very hazard
ous year, so far as the weevil is con
cerned, . with...a.Tyi..iuvd.--ij£, vta-Y,ft£aW9--
weathern for him. “
Milk Had Flavor of Gasoline.
Dunn.—At least one Harnett county
cow is not particular about what she
drinks. A farmer who lives near
Dunn recently missed five quarts of
gasoline which he had left in a bucket
about the cow lot. Soon it was notic
ed that the family cow showed signs
of intorication, dr illness. A little
later the baby calf showed the same
symptoms. When the family began to
partake of the next “milkikng” they
found,that the milk carried the taste
of gasoline. It was several days he- .
fore the milk supply of this particular
cow was again fit for use it is said.
While both the cow and her calf had
a close call, both were on the road to
recovery at last reports.
Floyd Collins' Body Released.
■?uve City, Ky.—The body of Floyd
C llns, cave explorer, who died from
t iger and exposure when trapped In
Sid Cave late In January, was freed
its natural underground prison
al moved from beneath the rock that
dned it to the bottom of the 76-
t shaft. W. H. Hunt, centarl Ken-
ky engineer, said.
'he body was in good condition,
sidering the time it had been ex-
I ed to the underground elements,
fit said, adding that the corpse will
raised from the shaft to the our-
Ixamination of the rock that fell
Collins and pinned him in the
dth trap showed that it weighed
O'’ 75 pounds, Hunt said.
ist after two workmen had sue-
cided In .removing the body frcmi
uler the small rock, the portion of
t| tunnel and lateral In which the
was found collapsed and fell
to 100 feet into a pit directly
the position where the body
reclined. Collins had told res-
who crawled to him in the first
of his entrapment that there was
leep pit behind him.
miners, Ed Hayes and J. S.
ith, of Central City, were the only
IB who ventured into the death trap. |
Daughters Plan Charlotte Trip.
Washington. — Daughters of the
American Revolution, In congress
here, heard Attorney General Sargent
deliver his first address since he join
ed the President’s cabinet, after vot
ing during the day to build a $2,000,-
000 auditorium in Washington. A pil
grimage to Mount Vernon completed
the session.
The congress devoted most of the
day to discussing the proposed audi
torium and approved the report of a
committee which has worked a year on
the project by subscribing approxi
mately $50,000 to a building fund.
An Invitation from Mayor Kendrick,
of Philadelphia, for the congress to
hold its 1826 gathering there, coinci
dent with the seaqui-centannial obsetv
vance, was referred to the resolution
committee. A small official pin to
supplement a larger one now in use
was authorized and the congress ac
cepted an invitation to attend the an
niversary of the Mecklenburg Declara
tion of Independence May 20 at Char
lotte, N. C.
Automotive Industry Pay* Big Tax,
New York.—Taxes piad by the auto
motive industry at the present time
are greater than the total paid by
both the American railroads and the
electric railways industry, It is stat^
In an analysis prepared by John A.
Ritchie, president of the omnibus cor
poration, the 'Chicago Motor Coach
company, and the Yellow Coach Manu
facturing company, in contrast to
$350,000 paid by the railroads In 1924
and $66,500,000 by the electric rail
ways, Mr. Ritchie computes the motor
vehicle tax bill at $565,028,548 which
he asserts is a total ino'tase ove#
1921 of aljout 82 pe rcent.
Education Meeting Nov. 6-7.
Raleigh.—.November 6 and 7 were
decided upon as the dates for the
North Central District meeting of the
North Carolina Education Association
at a meeting of members of the execu
tive committee held her in the office
of Jule B. Warren, secretary of the as
sociation. The meeting will be held
either in Durham or in Raleigh. State
educational problems will be discuss
ed at the district meeting, particular
ly those dealing with the legislative
feature of education.
Out-of-town teachers attending the
meeting were Hoy Taylor, chairman of
the executive committee, of Franklin;
C. E. Teague, of Sanford; E. L. Best,
of Louisburg, and Miss Mary Coble, of
•Roanoke Rapids,
Winston-Salem Wins Music Cup.
Greensboro. — Winston-Salem won
the trophy in the sixth annual North
Carolina high school music contest.
The Twin City delegation to the con
test, which lasted two days and part
of one night, scored thirty points.
High Point was second with twenty-
six points.
An enormous crowd packed the
Grand Theatre to hear the concluding
tests, which were group competitions,
glee clubs, quartets, choruses and or
chestras. The number in some of th©
events was over twenty-five, and they
wre rendred most creditably.
Berry Shipments Increase.
Goldsboro.—^Strawberry shipments
in Wayne have been on the increas©
the past week. Indications point to a
banner year for the growers. Heavy
rains and warmer weather proved,
great aids during the early part of th©
week and in one section nearly six
hundred crates were shipped in one
day at prices from $5 to $6.
Bankers Meet at Statesville.
Statesville.—About 75 representa
tives of the North Carolina Bankers
association, eighth group, embracing
the counties of Iredell, Ashe, Alle
ghany, Alexander, Watauga. Caldwell,
Davie, Rowan, Stanley and Cabarrus,
met here in fourth annual session at
the Vance hotel.

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