Five and Ten Years Ago
The Following Items Were Gleaned From Issues OJ |
The Cleveland Star Of Five And
10 Years Ago.
ttve years ago.
October 16, 1923.
W. A. Crowder, one of the coun
ty’s most progressive farmers, pur
chased last week 212 acres of the
Billy Beam plantation in the edge
of Lattimore for $30,000. This is one
of the largest real estate transac
tions of recent date In No. 7 town
ship and one of the largest in the
county within recent months.
Mr. Joseph A. Camp, one of the
best known citizens of Cleveland
county, died at his home Friday
aft$r Saving been In failing health
for some time. Mr. Camp, who was
82 years of age, was a veteran of
the Civil war.
York coonty claims the distinc
tion of having the champion fat
boy of tl e South, if not of the en
tire county. Only eight years old,
he masiies down the scales to 195
pounds end is getting fatter every
With rne plunges, wide end runs
and excellent passing including one
pretty triple pass, Shelby swamped
Kiftgrf Mountain Friday 80 to 0.
Shelby’s scoring came as a result
of 13 touchdowns, six goals from
placement and a touchback. This
game gives Shelby a scoring total
of 188 to opponents’ 3 in the three
games played, only Spartanburg,
S. Calming soared against the
The innumerable friends of Mrs.
E. Y. Webb in Cleveland county and
all parts of North Carolina, will re
gret to learn that her condition is
no better. She is still resting in a
High Point hospital and news from
her bedside is that she te slipping
back a little more each day and
that it can be only a question of a
little while until the sad end must
The Shelby second team defeated
Foreet City 18 to 0 In a game play
ed at Forest City Saturday after
noon. The Forest City team al
though piaying football for the first
timvjdttwed promise of strength
and ■®ielhy,s scoring came as the
result of hard playing.
Attorney C. B. McBrayer Is hav
ing a handsome two-story home
erected on S. Washington street on
a lot where the old baseball park
was at one time. _awrence Ramsey
is having a pretty bungalow built
cn the Fanston roact aDove uavia
Webb’s. Charlie Morrison is contrac
tor for both houses.
New members of the Shelby Ki
wanls club are Peter F. Gugg, man
?.*er for Cleveland county of the
North Carolina Cotton Coo-opera
tion association; Dr. John F. Har
binson, surgeon; Dr. Reuben A. Mc
Brayer, specialist to internal med
icine; Gea W. NCely, manager of
H. Arey has
of the club.
TEN YEARS AGO.
October 15. 1918.
Liberty Day. October 12 found our
bond subscription increased during
the day $22,000 which was very i
gratifying since the influenza scare
and quarantine upset public gather
ings. Volume r teams are to be
sent by automobiles during this j
closing week all over the county.,
These men nave worked faithfully
in many phases of the campaign and
they are going forth on a patriotic
Germany declares itself ready to
comply with the propositions of the
president of the United States with
respect to the evacuation of occupi
ed territories, and in this associates
itself with Austria.
Rutherford Sun—On account of
the much dreaded Spanish influ
enza. the three community fairs
which were to have been held Octo
ber 16. 17, and 18. will be postponed
until November 6, 7 and 8. The date
for each community will come as
follows: Union mills, November 6;
Mount Pleasant, November 7 and
Watkins, November 8.
William Harris, jr.. oldest son of
Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Harris suffer
ed a broken arm Friday while
cranking an automobile. He was do
ing nicely yesterday but the frac
ture was complete.
It is reported that Oka Upton of
upper Cleveland has been married in
France to a French girl. The par
ticulars could not be learned. He
left as a member of Company G.
The influenza epidemic is serious
at Lawndale there being over 100
cases. Two deaths resulted Sunday.
: The mill is closed down and every
effort is being made to prevent the
spread of the disease. Let every
body read and follow the instruc
i tions by Surgeon General Blue in
a two column article on page six in
| today’s issue.
Influenza is causing more deaths
} in America than the war has caus
ed among our soldiers and sailors.
It is exacting a death toll in Cleve
Julius Hoyle, son of Mr. John R.
Hoyle of No. 10 township was shot
in the leg Sunday night near the
three county corners by a man
named Tallant. The bene in the
left leg was completely broken by
Mr. Charles Stroup oi Fanston was
called last week to Jackson, Tenn.,
to the bedside of his son, Yates
Stroup who is seriously ill there
with typhoid fever.
Rev. A. H. Sims has accepted a
call to the Baptist church at Bes
semer City and he and his family
leave today for that place, where
they will make their new home.
is the neu/Style
1 H you want beauty- ifyou want luxuiy
if you want up-to-the-minute smartness
there’s only one choice — the choice of
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from one end of the country to
Another—in New York, in
V.. Witffii. in Chicago, in Los
■*" «f Angeles and ail towns between
• —overwhelming praise for the
distinctive beauty of the Silver
Anniversary Buick with new
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Ail agree that here is a new
style—a new mode—an entirely
different and original interpre
tation of motor car beauty,
forecasting the trend of smart
body-design for months to
Thrilling new lines—sparkling
color harmonies—and wonder
ful new interiors—all combine
to form ensembles of rare and
If you want beauty—if you want
luxury—if you want up-to-the
minute smartness—there’s only
one choice . . . the choice of
America... the new Buick with
Masterpiece Bodies by Fisher.
It’s the new style—the new
mode—in motor cars!
Q7n? QfilVer oAnniVersary^
J. LAWRENCE LACKEY
Dealer - Shelby, N. C.
When Better Automobiles Are Built, Buick Will Build Them
... v . a
LET THE STAR PUBLISHING CO.
QUOTE YOU “AT COST” PRICES
ON YOUR JOB PRINTING -
What Can Happen
While You Wink
(Condensed from Popular Science,
by E. E. Free i
Years ago, when kings were plen
tiful and apt to be knifed or shot,
soldiers used to keep clear a space
around each royal person; a kind of
safety zone within which no intend
ing assassin could penetrate.
Each human being, whether he
knows It or not, goes through life
surrounded by just such a neutral
zone; a space within which men, au
tomobiles, or other objects may be
extremely dangerous, beyond which
they are safe. For some people this
sphere of safety js narrow, for oth
ers it is wide. Its actual width for
you is fixed by how long it takes
you to think.
For example, tests of 57 typical
automobile drivers made by the
United States bureau of standards
showed that the average time need
ed to see a danger signal, realize its
meaning, and begin to press the
brake lever was a little more than
half a second. In this time a car
traveling at 40 miles an hour would
move 30 feet. That is the minimum
width of the driver’s zone of safety.
But some persons need more time
than this; they do not begin to press
the break lever until a full second
or even tw’o seconds after the danger
signal has appeared. Cars driven by
such slowly-re-acting individuals
would travel, respectively. 60 feet or
120 feet; not merely before the car
could be stopped, but before the
driver even began to bring it to a
Since 1921, more than 2,500,000
people have been injured and more
than 100,000 lulled by automobiles
in the United States, while money
losses have been more than $3,000,
Professor Charles F. Park, of the
Massachusetts Institute of Tech
nology, expert on automobile traffic,
states that the situation is growing
worse. Manufacturers are advertising
faster cars. People will buy these
cars. Average highway speeds are
increasing. Sixty-nine percent of the
highway accidents in Massachusetts
last year, Professor Park computes,
were due to speed "too fast for ex
isting conditions and tfie kind of
Few motorists know, the Mass
achusetts expert argues, the one
most important thing about them
selves—that is, the characteristic
which psychologists call the "re
action time." It is this that meas
ures the width of the safety zone
which you must guard, as soldiers
guard tne open space around a
The menace of slow-thinking driv
ers on the highways is impossible
to compute. No one can say how
many thousand live r, how many mil
lions of money, they have cost them
selves and others In the last ten
years; not because they are care
less or incompetent, but because
their thinking machinery does not
work fast enough to keep up with
modern mechanical speeds.
It takes a fraction of a second for
a sight to register on the sensitive
retina of the eye, or for a sound to
affect the mechanism of the ear.
Then another fraction of a second
is lost In transmitting the sight mes
sage or sound message over the
proper nerve to the thinking cell of
the brain. These thinking cells lose
a few more precious second-frac
tions while they decide what needs
to be done, settle, for example, up
on the idea that the foot brake of an
automobile needs to be pressed.
More time is lost while the neces- S
sity orders are prepared to go to i
the muscles that must do the work.
All these delays, added together,
constitute the reaction time; the
time lost in responding to emerg
If this time is a half second, the !
driver, running at 40 miles an hour,
is highly dangerous to himself and
everybody else within 30 feet. If
anything shows up suddenly 25 feet
in front of him he will hit it. No
escape is possible, for he cannot
complete his thinking process in j
time to make the necessary motions. \
If the speed is 60 miles an hour the
needed safety zone is correspond
ingly wider. If the driver's reaction
time is longer, the zone if. wider
The fastest thing that any man
can do is to wink his eye. The in
stinctive reaction of winking which
a cinder blows into the eye is about
one-tenth of a second for most peo
ple. In that flash of time, an au
tomobile speeding 60 miles an hour
will move nearly ten feet; A fast
airplane will move more than 25
feet. A golf ball, driven at the
wrong angle, can hit a man 15 feet
away before he winks
Many experiments by psycholog
ists on hundreds of thousands of
persons prove that the reaction time
for the general population cannot
i safely be taken as less than cne sec
ond. This time fixes, therefore, the
zones of safety which surround all
kinds of machines.
For the average automobile speed |
of 30 miles an hour the safe distance i
is 45 feet. For 60 miles an hour it!
is 90 feet. If your steering mechan
ism breaks at a 60-mile speed you
will have been hurled nearly 90 feet
farther before you have time to act.
j There are applications of the idea
to human movements also. A man
walking at a brisk rate of four miles
an hour has a safety zone of six feet.
If a manhole suddenly opens three
feet in front of him he will fall in.
i The distance is too short to give
him time to see the danger and
Modern life, with its speeding au
tomobiles, railways trains, airplanes
and with its no less speedy machin
ery revolving in factories and homes,
is pressing close on the abilities of
mankind to react quickly and accu
rately. At the moment the chief
danger is the existence of indivi
duals whose reaction times are ser
iously longer than the average. An'
immediate improvement in the toll
of highway accidents would be ac
complished by denying drivers’ li
censes to such persons: a step al
ready contemplated in some states
and actually put into use by a num
ber of business houses in hiring
The United States lags in provid
ing protection against dangerous
drivers. Germany, in contrast, de
mands a regular course of training
in an automobile school, followed by
driving practice in a double-control
car. and a rigid test directed by a
graduate engineer. The procedure
of winning a license consumes 18
days, instead of oniy a few hours.
As speeds increase, no remedy of
drive tests or warning signals is
likely to be of much use. To quicken
the average reaction time of man
kind may be passible by evolution
in a million years, but is of no pres
Col. Black Devised
Devised Forerunner Of Sleeping
Car Invented By
; According to the Manufacturers
Record, the late Col John L. Black,
son of one of the pioneer ironmakers :
of South Carolina, claimed that his
father devised the forerunner of the
sleeping car invented by George M.
The elder Black owned a number
of furnaces in Blacksburg, but lived
in Greenville. Much of his time was
spent in traveling between the two
communities, He had a long car
riage built and placed a bed in it.
In order not to waste daylight hours
in his journeys he would go to bed
in his carriage in Greenville and
be driven, all night so that he might
reach Blacksburg early and return
Before railroads came, people who
journeyed by night in stage coaches
wrapper themselves up in big travel
ing shawfc, and slumbered fitfully
An old record of the Baltimore &
Ohio Railroad says that June 14,1
1854 “a; model of a seat invented by )
Mr. Holmes for the accommodation j
of night travel was shown to the ;
board of directors, and a car was ;
ordered fitted up with such seats.” 1
This is believed to have been the j
beginning of the modern sleeping I
South Carolina claims that the
first common carrier railroad in
America was the Charleston and
Hamburg railroad in this state; that
it was the first railroad of more
than 100 miles length; that it used
the first practical locomotive built
in this country, the Best Friend;
and that Branchvllle was the first
railroad junction. The primacy of
the Palmetto state in American
railroading will extend to another
phase if Colonel Black's claim is ac
The father of John L, Black was
at one time representative in con
gress for the district including York
Reports S. S. Progress
(Special to The Star.)
Our Sunday school is growing
our enrollment being 222. We had
seven new pupils Sunday. Our visit- |
ors were Miss Mildred Wilson of
Shelby and Miss Ora Jones of Lat
Cotton is opening fine, and we
are all busy getting it out.
Our community was shocked over
the death of Mrs. A. L. Champion.
She was buried Saturday afternoon
at Zion, her pastor, Rev. D. G. ^
Washburn conducting the services.
Mr. Flay Gantt was operated on
fpr appendicitis at the Shelby hos
pital last Monday and Is improving (
We are sorry Mr. Robert Cham
pion is sick and hope he will soon
be out again.
Mrs. T. J. Justice of Kernersville,
is visiting her father, Mr. W. F.
Mr. A. V. Irvin spent the week
end in Shelby. I
Our teachers and officers will
meet at the church Thursday at 1
7:30. Come and enjoy our program.
This whispering campaign is cer
tainly getting screaming headlines.
They say reform must wait until
religion-convicts men of sin, but
juries might help a little—San
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