Queer Birds Are
TForWsi Most Valued Feathered
Tribe Fly in Vast Clouds That
Hide The Sun.
(By Homer Cory, in Popular
It’s a queer, strange story about
the most valuable bird in the world.
The bird is never sold, never skinn
ed nof dressed, its feathers have no
use. its eggs serve no useful pur
pose except to raise more birds, no
human being ever ate it, and it is
rarely seen by the ordinary person.
'It is the guano bird, and it lives
off the coast oi Peru.
Its sole purpose in the world is to
fly around and catch fish, have a
good time, raise its young —and pro
duce guano. Guano is used as a fer
tilizer, and is thirty-three times as
strong as barnyard manure. It has
supplied a billion dollars’ w'orth ot
fertilizer for the farmers of Peru,
South America, England, and the
The number of birds is amazing.
Recently, traveling along the coast
of Peru, I wfts astonished at the un
believable flocks. One sees them in
great black rivers flowing through
the air—Gulf Streams of the sky.
There are millions and millions of
them, turning this way, flowing that
way, bending in great curves, then
thinning out until they look like
a long black rope whipped through
the sky by some gigantic hand.
In the late afternoon, just before
sunset, the birds are thickest, for
they are flying home to their bird
islands off the coast of Peru. They
obscure the sun like a eclipse. In
deed, they are so numerous that on
Central Chincha Island alone they
eat one thousand tons of fish a
Why are these birds more numer
ous there than any other place in
the world? The answer is the Hum
boldt cutrent that flows along the
west C6ast of South America, keep
ing that section cool, while the east
coast is hot and sultry. The cool
water is the breeding place of my
riads of small fish. .The birds eat
the fish, live on the uninhabited
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islands, and produce guano. Very
simple, very useful.
Men come and take the. guano
away. The birds are merely a cog in
a machine of turning fish of the j
Humbolt current into food for the I
table and clothes for the back They
might be called ’ converters—fish
I made a visit to some of these
guano islands and here arc some of
the queer and unusual things that
The tameness of the birds, that
was one. As you walk along you
can hardly keep them out of your
way. It's like going into a chicken ;
yard with a howl uV your hand. If
you stand still they will v.alk on
your feet and look up at you. turn
ing. their heads Trom side to side as j
if saying, ‘'Why, what a queer look- i
ing creature this os I don't believe
it can fly at all." |
Their sense of hearing doesn't !
seem to be well developed, and I
can understand that it may not,, be.1
for the noise of these flocks is deaf
ening; They keep up an incessant’!
chatter and squawking; if they are
frightened or start to fly. it sounds
like the roaring of a train in a
tunnel. If you fire a gun into the
air it doesn't frighten them, but if
you make a sudden. unexpected j
movement there will be a beating of J
wings, a...squawking, and away they |
will fly. j
Such a bedlam! Millions on one
island, all crowded together, so thick !
that they cannot all rise at the same'1:
time, A few start here, there is a \
roaring, humming, tearing sound.1
and another black cloud rises When !
they are all at home at one time
they cannot walk about, but are
like fowls packed in a railroad
A queer thing was that these
birds seem to have ••goats'—ttiat
is, birds which they pick on and
play jokes on. Whether it is al
ways the same bird I don t know.
The flock will be sitting still when
all of a sudden one of its members
will start a bird running, and the
‘‘goaf will make a bee-line through
the others with its head held high,
screaming at the top of its voice,
while all the other birds peck at
it. The “goaf bird keeps on go
ing, never ceasing in its wild clamor,
until it reaches a cleared space.
Then it stands, sympathizing with
itself, and after a time it creeps
back, looking very foolish.
They seem to have laws all their i
own. One concerns the stealing of |
feathers. Feathers are their money,
for nothing grows on these rocky
barren islands; not a living twig,
not a mouthful of food. The birds
prize feathers to soften their nests,
so now and then an outlaw bird
goes on a feather stealing expedi
tion. The bird who is robbed sets j
up a squawking, and then the other
birds rush out and, making a terri
ble noise, set upon the thief. j
The birds become encrusted with
guano and when it becomes uncom
fortable they fly out to the ocean 1
for a bath. They poise above the
water, then fly at. it at terrific
speed. When they strike the water
it sounds like the dull report of pis
tols. They rise again and repeat
it time after time, threshing the
water with their wings. When a
flock is bathing it sounds like dis
Their nests surprised me. Feath
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ISLER & VICKERY
On the Observation Platform
First of her sex to fly the Atlantic as a passenger—if one ex
cepts Boston’s Lady Lindv, Amelia Larhart—Lady Drummond
Hav is here shown conversing with Dr. Hugo Eckener as the
Graf Zeppelin bucked headwinds en route to the L nited States.
The photo is exclusive and was taken by Robert Hartmann,
stafi cameraman for MGM News and International Newsreel.
(Copyright. 192*. MG14 New. and la-erna.;locgi KtwarMl)_ __
ers are used to soften them but the j
nests are of the guano itself beaten
into place by the birds’ wings Great
huge nests they are. Often they
weigh twelve pounds, and here the
birds lay their eggs and raise their
But it is not all a life of Pilev for
the guano birds. One of their wor
ries is the birds of prey that swoop
down and eat their eggs. The South
American condor is one: he comes
from the high Andes. One condor
which w-as killed Was found to have
sucked twenty eggs into its gullet.
But the guano bird has a friend
who helps hint fight his enemies. It
is the sharpshooter employed by the
government of Peru to kill the
enemy birds. Condors offer an easy
target but the gulls and vultures
are small and they are cunning.
However, the sharpshooters know
how to deal with them. They take
a wounded gull or vulture, tie a
bag of sand to its leg. and then
leave it. Its cries drawr other birds
of its kind, and the sharpshooter
disposes of them.
So far I have told only about the
birds. Now I’ll tell something about
the guano and how it is handled.
It’s not a very pleasant job. min
ing guano, and only the lowest class
of labor goes in for it, When the
men are first taken to the islands
they are not required to work for
a week, for the government knows
that it will take them that long to
get used to the odor. But after a
short time they no longer seem to
mind it, »
The workmen, with picks and
shovels, break up the guano deposits
and put it into bags. After they
have gathered all they can with
shovels, they take stiff brooms and
sweep it up. even the dust. The
bags are sewed up, put on dummy
railroads, and taken to the edge of
the island. The rocky shore of the
Islands is usually high, and below
are the ships to be loaded. Some
times the bags are sent down
through chutes and canvas tunnels,
or put on wire trolleys and swung
down. After a ship is loaded it sails
away with its powerful fertilizer.
Alter a island nas Deen ciearca n
takes about thirty months tor it to
be ready again. So the guano work
men go from island to island, year
in and year out, harvesting their
; strange crop.
Guano is no recent discovery, and
itsuse.as a fertilizer is nothing new
It- was used by the Incas, in the days
before Pizarro came and fastened
his bloody yoke upon them. The
Incas sailed out in their crude boats,
j loaded them with guano, and sail -
! ed back again. Reaching ahore the
1 guano was , put into woven baskets
| and carried by man power high in
! to the mountains and then scatter
ed on the amazing little tr traced
And it. is still being handled that
way, m the back regions of Peru. It
goes part way by railroad, then the
farmers come with their bags and,
chewing their coco leaves, start for
the high altitudes.
When modern methods were first
applied to the gathering of guano
it was found, m some places, to be
one hundred and fifty feet deep. But
today it is allowed to get only a
few inches deep be lore it is gath
We stopped at a small house where
the workmen lived It was meal
time and the men were sitting at
rough tables, eating their food and
drinking their wine. On a shelf I
noticed two bottles which seemed
to be beautifully painted. On one
was a beautiful sunset; the other
showed a series of mountains, with
white caps of snow.
■ What do you think those are?”
the manager asked.
I did not know .
And then he told me. One of the
workmen, with artistic bent, had
taken different colored guano, put
it into empty wine bottles, and had
worked it in so cleverly that it j
looked. like painting.
And suddenly, in those bottles, 1
saw how heavily time must hang on
the men's hands and the tragedy of
having to live always on a guano
It was late afternoon when we
boarded the boat which had taken
us to the guano island, and started
to steam toward home. The sun was I
shining brightly, but suddenly it |
grew dark and a strange, eerie feel- :
ing came over me. All about I could
hear a deep humming as if a million
swarms of bees had set out to sea.
Imagine all the airplanes in Amer
ica hopping off from a single field
in one mighty squadron, and you
will have some conception of the
unearthly din of that flock of beat
The mate on the boat smiled at
"They’re going home,’’ he said.
THINKS SMITH IS
HOLDING ft THUMP
Observers Looking For Norris To
Come Over With Endorsement
News and Observer Bureau.
Washington, — That Governor
Smith's statement recently to the
effect that the election would be
won in the last week of the cam
paign was more significant than
generally believed is indicated by de
velopments during the past few
Democratic leaders who generally
know whereof they speak say that
Governor Smith intends to play his
winning card during the last week
of the campaign and this will come
in the form of a complete endorse
ment of the Democratic president
ial candidate by Senator Norris, of
Nebraska, by which the Democrats
hope to gain some 60 electoral votes
in the Northwestern states.
In the meantime Senator Norris
is campaigning for Progressive sen
ators of three parties. These are:
Republicans—Hawell. of Nebraska;
LaFollette, of Wisconsin; Frazier, of
North Dakota. Farmer-Labor—Ship
stead, of Minnesota. Democrats—
Wheeler, of Montana, and Dill of
It is said that the campaign be
ing waged by the Nebraska senator
for his Progressive friends fits in
with the plan of Governor Smith,
■the idea being that Senator Norris
will make no reference to the presi
dential candidates until the last
week before the election, then an
nounce himself for Governor Smith.
To bear out their argument, Dem
ocratic leaders point to Senator
Norris* formal statement in which
“It must be perfectly plain that
<from my statement) you would
draw the conclusion in this presi
dential campaign that Smith on
farm relief, foreign policy and wa
ter power, which T regard as the
most important things, comes a
great deal nearer meeting the Pro
gressive idea than Hoover, dees.
•'But I am not going to take up
the presidential candidates in this
campaign for these Progressive sen
"I have not said what attitude
(toward presidential candidates) I
am going to take later."
The happiest Republican is the
one that merely looks at the totals
in The Literary Digest poll, and
doesn’t do any analyzing.—Ohio
VOTES SEEMS SURE
fcspeciallv Is That True In Last,
North And ’West, South
Washington - Probably no Other
campaign has ever seen such a clear
lv defined contest between the ru
ral vote and the city vote as in
Across the country, again and
again, the question of greatest im
portance is found to be whether
Smith's heavy urban vote will be
offset by the heavy Hoover vote
out in the state.
This is a question of enormous
importance because it figures es
pecially in the largest states: that
is. those with the biggest electoral
In New York, it’s a question
whether the large majority of
which Smith is certain in New
York city will be beaten down by
the probable large majority which
Hoover will have in the rest of
the governor's own state. Smith
cannot win, it is generally agreed,
' without New Y’ork's 45 electoral
In New Jersey again, Smith is
expected to have a large City ma
jority, but the Republicans are con
fident that the rest of New Jersey
will-turn him down.
Smith is again likely to carry
Boston and most of the manufac
turing cities of Massachusetts, but
again Massachusetts is a very doubt
ful state because of the outside
Cleveland and Chicago are like
ly to go for Smith, but it may be
a different story as regards Ohio
This same parallel can be folr
lowed out as far as San Francisco,
which may go for Smith in the
face of an enormous Hoover ma
jority in California. It applies to
Milwaukee in Wisconsin, St. Louis
in Missouri, Baltimore in Mary
land, Wilmington in Delaware and
It is quite conceivable that Smith
may carry six of the largest cities
in the country. His chances are at
least fair in New York. Chicago.
Cleveland. St. Louts, Baltimore and j
Boston. Among the next ten cities he (
is likely to capture Buffalo, San ,
Francisco, Newark, Milwaukee, j
New Orleans and Minneapolis. But;
not so likely, according to such in
formation as percolates to ycur cor
respondent, to carry Seattle. Kansas
City, Cincinnati and Indianapolis.
The larger cities are wet. In
them, also, are found the strong
est Democratic machines. Fur
thermore, religious prejudice against
Smith is more likely to be offset
by large Catholic populations.
Rural sections, on the other hand,
are traditionally dry and, except
in the south, generally Republi
can. In certain rural sections, of
course, the anti-Catholic propa
gandists have made their greatest
headway. Unaccustomed to urban
political machines, the anti- Tam
many argument also often appeals
Having this day qualified as ad
ministrator of the estate of Miss
Hattie Durham, deceased, this is to
notify all persons having claims
against the said estate to present
them to me properly proven on or
before the 25th day of September.
1929 or this notice will be pleaded
in bar of recovery thereof. All per
sons owing the said estate will
please make immediate settlement
to the undersigned. This Septem
H. E. TAUB. Administrator of
Miss Hattie Durham, deceased.
NOTICE OF SALE OF LAND.
Under and by virtue of the au
thority conferred by deed of trust
by Roscoe E. Lutz and wife, Mary
Austell Lutz to the 1st National hank
of Durham, North Carolina, trus
tee, dated the 15th day of Febru
ary, 1928, and recorded in book 150,
page 129, Cleveland county regis
try, the First National bank of
Durham, North Carolina, trustee,
October 16, 1928, at 12 o'rlock, M.
at the court house door in Cleve-!
land county, sell at public auction j
for cash to the highest bidder the
following described property:
Beginning at a stake on the east
edge of Morgan street, and runu ng
thence east with the north edge of
a twenty foot alley 220 feet to a
stake on the west edge of a thirty
foot alley: thence north with said
alley 110 feet to a stake, Lutz’
southeast corner: thence with the
south line of Lutz’ lot 220 feet to a
stake on the east edge of Morgan
street, Lutz' corner: thence so'itn
with the east edge of Morgan
street 110 feet to a stake, the point
of beginning, containing 24.200
square feet more or less, and being
that lot conveyed to Roscoe E. Lu z
by Chas. P. Roberts and wife by
deed recorded in book of deeds 3-R
at page 521 in the office of the reg
ister of deeds of Cleveland county,
North Carolina, reference to which
deed and the record of same is
hereby made for further descrip
tion and ldentiiication of said lot.
This sale is made on account oi
default in the payment of the in
debtedness secured by the said
deed of trust.
This the 6th day of September,
FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF
DURHAM, North Carolina,
W. S. Lockhart, Attorney
ARMINIMR XTIUX’S notice
Notice is hereby «imi that I ii ivt
tins day qualified as administratrix
of the estate of J A. Beam, deceas
ed late of Cleveland county N. c.
and all persons having claims
against said estate will present them
to me properly proven tor payment
on or before August 22. 1929. or this
notice will b? pleaded in bar of their
recovery. All persons indebted to
sud estate will make immediate
payment to the undersigned. This
August 22. 1928.
MRS. EVA GOLD. Adminis
tratrix of J. A. Beam, deed
Ryburn it lloey, Attys.
administrator s notice.
Having this da> qualified as ad
ministrator of the estate ot Miss
Emma V. Frick, late of Cleveland
county, all persons holding claims
against the said estate are hereby
notified to present them properly
proven to me on or before the 13tn
day of September. 1929 or this no
tice will be pleaded in bar of any
right to recover thereon. All per
sons indebted to said estate will
please make immediate payment to
This the 13th. day of September,
C. E. FRICK.
Administrator of Miss Emma V.
Civil Engineer And
Farm Surveys, Sub-riivi
ions. Plats and General
- Phone 417 - j
T. W. Ebeltoft
Grocer and Book
Phone — 82
\ .. —*
DR. H. C. DIXON
Office Over Woolworth’s.
QUEEN CITY COACH LINES
FOR ASHEVILLE, CHARLOTTE, WILMINGTON.
FOR ASHEVILLE AM) INTERMEDIATE
LEAVE SHELBY:—9M0 a. m.; 11:40 a. m.; 1:40 p.
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FOR CHARLOTTE AND INTERMEDIATE
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FOR WILMINGTON AND INTERMEDIATE
LEAVE SHELBY:—10:50 a in.: 2:50 p. m.
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change in the date of rendering telephone
bills in this city.
A pamphlet containing full explana
tion of the new billing plan will be en
closed with your November 1st telephone
bill. Please read it carefully.
After reading the explanatory notice
enclosed with your bill, there may still
be some point on which you would wish
further information. If so, we will wel
come an opportunity to help you.
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