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White Man Shoves Indians
Off On Land Not Wanted,
, Oil Came And They Are Rich
Huge fortunes Got To Indians I’ut
Off On L'ndcsirrd
Oklahoma. City.—The Osage
»nd Quapaw Indian tribes enjoy
untold riches because the white
man put them on land he did
When the reservations were mark
ed off, nobody dreamed that some
rlay the hills given to the Osages
would be dotted with oil derricks
nnd the prairies set aside for the
Quapaws would yield zinc and lead
ns well as hay.
Today the Osages are the richest
people on earth, the 2.229 “'head
rights” or estates in the tribe ex
ceeding $100,000 each in value. Un
like the Quapaws the Osages hold
their wealth in common.
The lead and zinc holdings of the
Quapaws bring more than $1,500,
000 in royalties to G5 restricted
members of the tribe, but marriage
and inheritance have served to dis
tribute the money generally among
the other members.
Mrs. Anna Beaver Bear Hallam.
restricted owner of land on which
Is located the Anna Beaver mine
owned by Harry Payne Whitnev, of
New York, gets some of the largest
royalty payments. For several
months her income from the metals
piled up at the rate of $50,000 a
month. Pour years ago, she was al
Dime An Acre.
The Quapaws were a nomadic
tribe when they were placed on
their present reservation in 1807.
The land was valued at a dime an
sere by white men.
Under the treaty by which the
tribe was given the reservation, the
government, “in view of their
wretched and impoverished condi
tion,” agreed to move the Quapaws
to their new home and to furnish
them livestock, farm implements,
firearms and other equipment
Nothing except hay was produc
ed on the tribe's new lands. White
men leased it, paying the Indians
a pittance. The town of Quapaw
sprang up and became the greatest
hay shipping point in the world
for a time. The Indians cared noth
ing for the hay. the land or much
of anything else. They wanted to
fish and hunt and be left alone.
In 1905. zinc ore was found while
a water well was being drilled on
the land of Felix ardene. a Quapaw
Indian. The driller knew the metal
in the cuttins from his drill denot
ed a rich strike, but he lacked the
business sense to take advantage of
the opportunity to win a great for
Bystander Grabs Chance,
lie quit work and drove to Baxter
Sprins, Kansas, where he spread
the news. A bystander in one cf the
crowds the drilled drew slipped
away and visited Dardcne. leasing
all his land and much surrounding
it. He made a fortune.
It has meant something to be an
Osage,.Indian with a large family
born prior to 1907, when the tribal
allotment of lands was made. Each
Osage was given more than 700
acres that year. A man with a wife
and five children had control of 5 -
000 acres of land, and received $21.
000 quarterly until the eldest child
became of age.
Distinction of having the large,!
Osage family was held by Clemen
de'Noyaa. He controlled eleven head
rights, including his own. his wife's
end those of their nine children.
This family has received as much
as $40,000 In one quarterly payment.
NOTICE OF SALE OF LAND.
Under and by virtue of the au
thority conferred by deed of trust
Ii. H. Pander and v.ife. Mattie
Ponder, to the First National Bank
of Durham, trustee, dated April 1.
3928, and recorded in book 150. page
191, Cleveland county registry, the
First National Bank, trustee, will on
May 10. 1929. at 12 o’clock M..
at the court house door in Cleveland
county, sell at public auction for
cash to the highest bidder the fol
lowing described proper'v:
Beginning at a stake on the north
edge of Carolina avenue southwest
comer cf lot. No. 119 and runs
thence with line of said lot north
22’i west 160 feet to a stake: thence
north 67ri west 50 feet to a stake,
northeast corner of lot 122: thence
with a line on lot No. 122 south 22’i
cast 160 feet to a stake in the north
edge of Carolina avenue: thence
with the north edge of Carolina
avenue north 67", east 50 feet to
the place of beginning. Same being
lots Nos. 120 and 121 of the subdi
vision located on1 the Fallston road
just east or the Shelby hospital, n
plat or which subdivision is of rec
ord in the office of the register ol
deeds of Cleveland county. North
Carolina in book of plats No. 1 at
page 62. reference to which plat is
hereby made for further identifica
tion and description of said two
Th’s sale is made on account of
default in the payment of the in
debtedness secured by the said deed
This the 8th da” of April. 1929.
FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF
DURHAM. N. C . Trustee.
W. S. Lockhart. Attv.. Durham
-Try Star Wants Ads.
AT PARIS ENDED
Americans Alust Present Itoal Legal
Grounds For Divorces In
Pari.s.—American couples (it:...sat
isfied with married life who had
hoped the Paris courts would grow
lenient again, appear doomed to
disappointment, for the Minister of
Justice,. Lopuis Barthou, has again
issued circular orders that the
courts must closely examine all
Since lire courts clamped down
on American divorces, there have
been a few granted, but they were
cases in which one or the other of
the disgruntled couple really prov
ed a residence m France. Gone are
the hectic days of several summers
ago w hen it was necessary only to
rent an apartment in Paris to qual
ify for a 10-dav divorce.
The American divorce lawyers in
Paris have given up hope.
The courts now insist upon a
legally established residence, which
means at least six months of con
tinuous residence at the address
given. Furthermore, it must be
proved to the court’s satisfaction
that the charge is such as would be
admitted by a divorce court in the
home state of the petitioning par
ties. Only then will the court allow
the suit to be filed.
There are several promising cases
in the offing, however, with rich
plums to the lawyers who succeed
m getting them. Cue is the HarTi
nian divorce, which is much talked
of in Paris. It is understood that
William Avcrill Harriman and liis
wife, Kitty Lanier Harriman, have
agreed to seek an unccntested di
vorce in the Paris rourt. and Mrs.
Harriman is here at present to es
tablish the necessary residence.
The case will be bused on incoin
! payability of temperament. Harri
i man is expected later in the spring
i to conic to Paris to fulfill requirc
; ments of the French law.
If the French courts tighten up
1 as much for Americans as for
French citizens, it will mean the
: end of all American divorce'. A
member of the French magistra
fture is now before the French courts
! with a divorce case which lias
trailed through the corridors of the
palace for 2b' years.
He was separated from his wife
m 1203. but the wife has opposed a
I divorce on religious grounds. All
I the tricks of the trade and all the
! loopholes of the law have been
i used in an effort to find a way out.
j but without success.
Unique Filipino Potentate Now lias
Become Ardent Devotee
Washington.—The Sultan of Suit;
rnq of the few Filipino potentates
still ruling' under the protection of
the United States, has become air
According to advice reaching the
war department the sultan was
taken on his first airplane ride re
cently in an army machine and
A few jcars' ago tribesmen in
the Philippines were overcome with
fear when the "giant birds'' of the
army soared overhead. '1 hey could
no*, understand the roaring ma
chines driven by army airmen on
cross-country flights across the is
land nnd often the planes spread
fear and consternation
Then the Sultan of Sulu visited
Manila. He was invited for a short
flight. Capt. Donald Wilson piloted
the sultan 5 000 feet above the city.
The potentate's retinue waited
with .quaking, hearts until the sul
tan landed safely and grinning over
his novel experience. In short, ex
cited sentences he explained the
[sensations of living to his aides
| They immediately besieged the
army flyers to be taken up.
The pilots obligingly consented
and others in the sultan's staff
learned of the joys ot soaring
through boundless spaces far above
the »arth News of their 1 light'
spread and the Presidchtc of Bon
toc expressed the desire for a short
hop. Other members of the non
Christian tribes of. the Philippine
archipelago were flown and the
news spread still further, until the
army air corps station in the islands
was flooded with requests for
flights in the . "giant birds,"
Mrs. Joan Mador oi Wabash. Ind..
lias tiled suit against Oscar Crabill
and Arthur "Colbeltz, aviators,
charting that both men paid an
unexpected visit to her home when
their plane crashed through the
Belwood Lassies Are Undefeated
In Three Years Of Basketball Play
The Bel wood girls' basketball squad, which has a dean slate for three years play, is pictured above. Heading
left to right, front row. the players are: Yangir Mull, r.g.; Elsie Eou Burns, j. e.; inn Carpenter, I. g.; I.eona
Mull. r. f.; Mildred Peeler, I. f.; Vashti Peeler, c. g. Second row, second, team, left to right: I ucilc Warliek,
r. g.; Charlotte Peeler, I. f.; Vertie Smith, r. f.: Monta I.ula Richard, j. c.: Joyce Ledford, I. g.; Pauline |
Lackey, r. g. Third row, left to right: Annye Lackey, coach: Dewey Devine assistant coach; Rachel Bobbctt,:
coach. (Star Photo.)
(Special to Tile' Star >
Belwood—For three years the
lassies of the Belwood high school
making up the •high school basket
ball team have not met w;tli de
Their slogan of playing for the
sport instead of victory teenis to tx
a lather v.inMng idea in view Of
their remarkable record
In their three victorious swoons
they have met every team ui Cleve
land county and some out-of county
teams, so without death they have
an unchallenged claim to the coun
ty cage title for girls.
The scores of the games partici
pated in by the girl, tin.: year lol
Bel wood 34: C.uar i:i
Belwood 35; Casin' 14.
Bclwood 48: Grover 8.
Belwood 47; Waco 3.
Bthvood 29'; Lattiirtore 13;
Belwuod 33; Fallotou 13.
Fir!wood 43; Morgan! on 12
For tl);’ • arisen. Bclwix d 271, nil ■
opponent-- 86. . I
Stir’s Nome Shooter.
Leona Mull, leading non':' for •
the Bclwood, sextet, rat; ■ tip Si 4
point, during-'the. season, or .eight;
'.more points than the entire Bel
wood opposition lor the year. That
| should--be a record of sonic sort for
the basketball books. Elsie Lou
'Brown was the team's second high
Every member of the cage squad
; is a good student w ith nut a :• rule
[below-average; pupil on the roster,
the girls missing only two classes
(hie to basketball during the three
; Meantime the Belwocd boy- have
.shown remarkable Improvement In
the rage game with teams which de
feated them easily lath year having
a hard time to hold a lead this
About Uriwood the idea 1 that |
ii all athletes are as good students
as. the handsome group of girls
above, then the school needs more
BIUTHJJAV IHNM.lt AI
VV. I. WHITE’S MAT It);
There will be a birthday dinner j
at the home of Mr. W. 1- White oil :
R-,1 Lawndale at what is called]
"Five Fork on May 19 Everybody •
is invited to attend with well filled
baskets. Alter dinner' there will be
A. V. WRAY
& 6 SONS
SHELBY, N. C.
“SHELBY’S LEADING MERCHANTS.”
WHERE QUALITY IS HIGHER THAN PRICE.
This Solves the
(Good Nr*'sfor mothers
.aquick, simplc way to
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make into smart French styles for
$2.00 to S'.OO a dress. Designed
in Paris, Peter Pan solves the
slptbing problem for all informal
«ear...so fascinating you can now
enjoy a different dress for every
day in the \scck for less than (V a
day. Use it too for draperies, bed
covers and bureau scarves. Let
us show jou the new spring de
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ing patterns of true French style.
Ct AJ! AMTFf:
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Large Absorbent Turkish Bath
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Fast .color borders add an attractive touch to
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A new stock of the best opaque water color
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Only___ . 4i/C
( use I nparalleled In Manilatlim
rtfs Annuls: Both AA III Got
Boston — Two men stand convict
ed tn the eyes of the Massachusetts
courts of the same murder The ease
Is unparalleled hi the criminal an
nals of the commonwealth.
Separate juries found Gangt Coro
and later. Samuel Gallo, guilty tn j
the first degree of the murder of i
Joseph Fantasia These verdicts I
make a sentence of death manda- j
Tliat the two verdicts were not in j
harmony was indicated lyy Judge ;
I.uis Sherburne Cox. who presided
at both trials. He pronounced them
"inconsistent with the course of jus
tice" and new trials were granted.
It Is expected that one jury will
pass upon the evidence as it. affects
: both men
Gang! (Vri'o's arrest after the
killing el Fantasia was brought
aboii! bv Lewis Smith, who became
; chief state witness at the Cero trial.
Smith told of hearing the shot, of
seeing a man running, and ol see
ing him throw away something as
he fled Cero contradicted Smith's
testimony by protesting it was a
ease ol mistaken Identity. But the
.Jury believed the witness and con
After the trial Smith reported Hint
he was being asked to retract his
testimony in part and sign an affi
davit admitting mistaken identity.
The police set a trap for those in
volved and (hallo was caught. He |
went to jail for contempt in con
spiracy to thwart Justice.
While Gallo and Cero were in the
same jail the latter broken from |
ids guards and stabbed Gallo. A j
group of surgeons happened to be in
conference in a nearby hospital
Only their prompt arrival saved
Then Cero told a new story. 11c
had worked for Gallo, he said, and
was walking with him on the day
of flic killing. As they passed Pan
ta.stu, lie asserted, Gallo fired. Gallo
fled in one direction, Cero said, and
he In another. He denied knowing
Cero had been placed in the death
house and Ills execution was only a
few hours distant when Philomena
Romano, 22-ycar-old sister-in-law
of Fantasia and former sweetheart
of Gallo, went to Governor Puller s
office She said she was with Fan
tasia when he was killed and that
Gallo was the slayer. She repeated
her tale to Judge Cox and Oero’*
sentence was stayed. Later, she re
pudiated her statement and went
to jail for perjury. Still later, she
confirmed her original statement
and was held as a witness against
Miss Romano also testified that
Gallo had shot Fantasia. Under
cross-examination she admitted tell
ing the authorities that she had
been home at the time of the Wil
ing ami admitted she had been Jail
ed on the perjury charge which was
The jury returned « verdict
The Most Outstanding Stylish
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Ensembles, too, of plain or printed silks in a number of stunning models.
In fact there are so many different types in either plain or printed silk
frocks that every individual preference may be met.
--and just think you can buy these silk frocks at the moderate price of
?15 with the Aug. W. Smith Co.’s stamp of approval on them—as to style
Apparel Shop — Second Floor.
Rest Room For Ladies — Maid In Attendance—
The Aug. W. Smith Co.
Spartanburg, S. C.
“ALWAYS SOMETHING NEW TO SHOW YOU.”