Published Monday, Wednesday and Friday Afternoons
By mall, per year (In advance) 9X80
Carrier, per year (In advance) 9S.00
VOL. XXXV, No. 136
SHELBY, N. C. MONDAY, NOV. id, 1920
Cotton, per pound _ He
Cotton Seed, per bu. ...43c
* Fair And Colder.
Today’s North Carolina Weather
Report: Fair tonight and Tuesday.
Colder tonight, possibly light frost
in interior. .
’ t Killed In Explosion.
Oxford, N. C., Not. 27.—Two men
were burned to death by explosion
of two barrels of commercial alcohol
at a filling station here today. A
third man was seriously burned.
The dead are Harold Freeman, 20,
and Gilbert Overton, 20. Raymond
Freeman, a brother of Harold, is In
a hospital here not expected to live.
Gary New Head
Succeeds Ledford At Meeting Here.
To Have Spelling
.vt the county-wide meeting of
school teachers held at the Central
school hers Saturday Prof: W. R.
Gary, of Fallston, was elected presi
dent of the county association to
succeed Prof. C. A. Ledford, of Bel
Prof. H. M. Loy, Casar principal,
was named vice-president, and Miss
Belle Elliott, of the Piedmont
school, was elected secretary.
Plans were made by the teachers
for holding a county-wide spelling
test on Wednesday, November 2i,
At that time a spelling test will be
given all students in the county
schools, one test being used for the
elementary grades, three through
seven, and the other for high school
pupils. A record of the results will
be preserved as to the rating made
by individual students, by grades,
and also by schools.
Although all the rural schools
opened today J. H. Grigg, c'o> nty
superintendent, stated that at Sat
urday's meeting it was decided that
in a number of schools this week,
where patrons desire it, that school
will start early in the morning and
have just one session to permit
students to leave school at noon
and aid in picking the late cotton
crop. One or two schools may call
off school work for a day or so to
aid in getting th» crp out.
Supt. Ben L. Smith, of the Shel
by schools, was a speaker to the
county teachers, explaining the ben
efits to be derived from and by the
future work to be done by the North
Carolina association of teachers,
and urging county teachers to en
roll in the organization.
Professor Gary, of Fallston, dis
cussed methods of improving the
teaching of spelling in the schools
of the county.
Cotton Pickers Sent
Out Here In Manner
Of Old Southern Days
Over 300 Sooth Carolina and Wades
boro Negroes Brought Here To
Pick Cleveland Cotton.
An employment bureau resem
bling somewhat the slave marts of
the old days, except that the co1
ored laborers price themselves and
collect their own hire, is operated
each Monday during cotton-pic King
season on the Courtview corner in
Such is the activity of the street
labor bureau that before 10 o'clock
this morning more than 300 South
Carolina and Eastern North Caro
lina negroes, old, young and of all
shades, had been trucked out to the
fields about Shelby to aid in picking
the county’s greatest cotton crop.
Several South Carolina and East
ern Carolina men. realizing that
because of the boll ’weevil tha;a
sections could not utilize all of their
piqkers during the cotton season and
that this county with a big season
on cannot get out its crop with its
own labor, have for several weeks
been bringing one motor truck load
after another of negroes from their
plantations and adjoining planta
tions to Shelby where they are em
ployed by Cleveland farmers. The
big gathering of colored people, ad
ded to as other trucks came in, is
k dumped on one of the city’s main
business streets early in the day
and to that point some Cleveland
farmers shy on pickers to employ
anywhere from 10 to 75 plcxers
The rush today for pickem was
greater than, ever before as the
picking season is now in full sway
in the county and very littlb cotton
could be picked last week because
I of the continued rains.
“Shelby Night” At
Meeting On Tuesday
Tuesday night is to be "Shelby
Night’’ at the big tabernacle meet
ing being held by Rev. George
Stephens at Spindale. A delegation
> from the churches of Shelby will
leave here about 6:30 o’clock. Every
one is invited to go along.'
State Cotton Lead
Despite Handicap Of Wet Weather
This County Climbs Ahead Of
Robeson In Production.
Although cotton picking has
greatly retarded of recent weeks
in Cleveland county because of
continued rainy weather, this
county had regained the cotton
^production lead in the State
from Robeson county at the time
of the last ginning report. "
Up to November 1, as has hereto
fore been published, Cleveland had
ginned 30,611 bales. Pull ginning
figures just received show that to
the same date Robeson county had
ginned 27,658, or 2,953 bales less
At the time of the ginning report
previous to the last one, in mid
October, Robeson was leading Cleve
land by 1,791 bales. But the last re
port shows that in the interim
Cleveland has picked and ginned
4.744 more bales than Robeson,
which is now second in the State.
The leading counties and their
ginnings, to November 1, this year
and last follow;
County 1929 1928
Cleveland .. 30.611 28.537
Robeson - ___ 27,658 28,213
Johnston _ _... 23.299 27,40!
Harnett.. 23,046 26.089
The "big four" of the cotton coun
ties above all show a decrease over
last year except Cleveland county.
In the western section of the State
the majority of the counties are
showing a crop increase this year
while a decrease is general in the
east. Rutherford, Lincoln, Mecklen
burg. Gaston and Catawba, all ad
joining Cleveland, show Increase for
the year so far.
It has been two weeks since the
last ginning report was issued and
it is now estimated that more than
40,000 bales have been ginned in
'IVct Weather Hurts.
However, continuous rain last
week has held fanners back In their
picking and has, also, hurt the
grade of cotton. Last week ordinarily
should have been one of the biggest
weeks for getting cotton out for the
year and it was the final week
school children might aid In pick
ing, but rain nearly every day,re
sulted in a small amount of cotton
being taken from the fields.
Over the week-end farmers were
some what pessimistic about the
week of rain. Their .worry was not
so much that the amount of the
crop would be lessened by the wet
weather but that the grade would be
lowered thus cutting down the price
anticipated for the crop.
Southern Will Have
Train To Big Game
Vernon Proctor, Southern ticket
agent here, stated today that the
Southern Railway will operato spe
cial trains throughout this settion
to the Carolina-Virginia Thanksgiv
ing game. Shelby people who wish
to make the trip to Chapel Hill by
train may catch the football special
at Kings Mountain at 7:22 on the
morning of the game. They will
leave Chapel Hill after the game
getting back to Kings Mountain at
11:35. The fare on the special there
and back will be one-way. fare plus
This Family Keeps
Three Members Of Mr. Gus Hen
drick's Family Operated On
In Two Weeks.
Mr. Gus Kendrick, of East Gra
ham street, no doubt feels as If he
has done his part by the Snelby
hospital of recent weeks, or, per
haps, that the hospital has wrell
On Tuesday October 29, Mr. Ken
drick's daughter, Dorothy, aged
eight years, entered ’ the hospital
for a tonsil operation. On the fol
lowing Thursday, October 31, she
was able to return home, and on
that day her father came in for
appendicitis operation. Gradually
the father recovered from his op
eration and just a short time back
he was able to leave the hospital.
Last Friday, November 15. Mr.
Kendrick's son, James, aged 11
years, entered the hospital and
underwent an appendicitis opera
tion. He is still in the hospital, but
Other members of the family are
hoping that the surgical game in
played somewhat along baseball
rules where three is considered
enough outs for one team and ■ hrec
strikes enough for any batter.
Blaze At Cleveland
Springs Biggest In
State In October
Charlotte Led In Fire Losses But
Shelby Hotel Fire Largest. No
Fires Inside Town.
Raleigh.—Losses from 178 fires in 1
October totaled $337,376, the state
insurance department reported. In
the same month last year, the num
ber of fires was less, being only 160,
but the loss of $389,015 was great :r.
Charlotte led the state In fires,
with 54 causing a damage of *47,
656. Winston-Salem was second,
with 17 fires, causing a damage of
$4,410. Charlotte was the only ’arge
town in the state in which the fire
loss exceeded $5,000.
tVo drug store fires, in Kinston
and Charlotte, and three hotel fires
in Cleveland county, Burnsville, and
Hendersonville caused a total dam
age of 156,102, nearly half the total
fire damage for the state.
| Tobacco Houses Burn.
An unusually large number of to
bacco packhouse fires were reported
accounting for 14 of the rural fires,
and a total loss of $12,500. There
was a total loss of $125,006.
The largest fire in the state was
a hotel in Cleveland coUnty, which
caused $90,000 damage. A drug -.tore
fire in Kinston caused $34,000 dam-'
age, and a freight depot fire in
Lexington $25,000 damage. The
Charlotte warehouse fire caused
$13,715 damage, and the Hender
sonville hotel fire $10,600 dama?e.
Among the town reporting no
fires were Chapel Hill, Henderson,
Roxboro, Edenton, Waynesville,
Spencer, Burlington, Monroe, Shel
by, and Lincoln ton.
Among the town with less ..han
$150 fire loss were Elizabeth City
$10, Goldsboro, $40, Wilson, $75 and
Rocky Mount $125.
Old Santa To Take Millions Out
Of Saving Accounts In 2 Weeks
Christmas Savings Accounts At
Banks Will Send 600 Million
Into Santa’s Sack.
New York.—Six hundred million
dollars for Christmas shopping will
be poured into Santa Claus’ sack
during the next two week| by 8,000
banks in all parts of the country.
The amount represents the savings
by members of Christmas clubs
operated by banking institutions.
Payments will be made to 9,000,000
persons who have maintained
Christmas accounts during the last
The amount made availabU
through this channel for Chrismas
shopping is 10 per cent, larger than
in any previous year, representatives
of the banks reported, and it is five
times the amount deposited in
Christmas club accounts in 1320.
The average amount receivd this
year by each depositor will be $09.50.
which is slightly higher than a year
ago. Payments run from $12.50, the
least anyone will receive, to $1,000
In addition there are a few special
funds which sun as high as $25,000,
maintained by individuals and cor
porations for special purposes.
The Christmas clubs are organized
each year by banks which maintain
special accounts In which the club
members deposits a stated sum
weekly or monthly. The money is
paid out the last of November *o
be available for Christmas buying.
New York State leads the list this
year with $151,000,000 which will be
paid in the next two weeks to
Christmas club depositors. Massa
chusetts, which has deposited $70,
000.000, has the largest amount per
capita, while $65,000,000 will be paid
out in Pennsylvania. Illinois deposits
amoimj, to $59,000,000, of which $29 -
000.000 will be paid out. in Chicago
and Cook county.
The Bank of America in New York
which with its affiliated institutions
including the Bank of America of
California and the Bank of Italy,
will distribute the largest amount to
any individual banking house, pay
ing $8,000,000 to 130,000 depos'tors
School Cost 22
Cents Each Day
Per Child Hen
That I* Instructional Cost For Shel
by High Students. Only 14 Cents
For Elementary Children.
The dally cost of Instructing
each pupil in the Shelby High
school Is 22 cents, or $40.52 per
year, according to summarised
facta concerning school work
Issued last week by school of
ficials as a part of the educa
tional week program.
The dally Instructional cost
per pupil in th*. elementary
schools is 14 cents, or $25.03 for
Enrollment Less. '
There are 2,727 children en
rolled In the city schools now.
the report also shows, a total
somewhat less than the total
enrollment last year. Eighty
sir teachers are employed for
instructing1 the 2,727 children
and the yearly budget for op
erating the schools for the
present year Is $103,999.28.
In regards to attendance the
figures show that one pupil of
every four in the city schools last
year was out of school every
Get Well, Said
Information Received Here Indicate
Will Robinson May Recover.
Wife Reported There.
At the sheriff's office here today
it was stated that the latest infor
mation received from Chase City, i
Va., had it that Will Robinson
Cleveland county man, shot there
Thursday night by officers, was im
proving and would likely live.
On the morning after the shoot
ing, Friday, Sheriff Allen received
a message from the Chase City po
lice chief telling Of the shooting and
stating that very little chance was
held out for Robinsons recovery. He
was shot in the right shoulder, it
was said, with a shotgun when of
ficers' attempted to arrest him the
second time after he had escaped
from jail after his first arrest.
Robinson, whose home is in the
Casar section, left the county sev
eral weeks back and officers under
stood that he was accompanied by
a woman. However it was stated1
here this week that his wife left
lor Virginia to be at his bedside im
mediately after she heard about
him being shot.
Little Girl Struck
By Auto Here Today
Crossing Highway When Hit. Father
Of Dr. Harbison Operated
Inez Gaskey, small scl\ooi girl
who lives On Lineberger street, was
struck and injured by an automo
bile shortly after noon today as she
was crossing the street intersection
where Lineberger street enters th?
Cleveland Springs road.
The driver of the passing car
stopped, picked the injured child
up, placed her in another car and
rushed her to the hospital. There
; It was said that she had suffered a
cerebral concussion and was un
j conscious for a few minutes after
being brought in.
Harbison's Father Here.
Mr. J. H. Harbison. of Burke
county, father of Dr. John Harbison
of the Shelby hospital staff, was
operated upon this morning at the
hospital here and early this after
noon was said to be getitng along
John Norwood, colored man, was
brought to the hospital here yes
terday for treatment of injuries re
ceived when struck by a car, but
was not thought to be seriously
Loctfl Doctors Off
For Miami Meeting
Half Dozen Cleveland Physicians To
Medical Session At Miami
Dr. and Mrs. Ben Gold. Dr. and
Mrs. Tom Gold, and Dr. D. F,
Moore of Shelby; Dr. Dwight Bridg
es, of Lattimore; Dr. Sherrill, of
Lawndale; Dr. F. H. Lackey and his i
brother, of Fa 11ston. left Shelby yes- \
terday and today for Miami. Fla. to
attend the medical convention. Sev
eral of the physicians travelled
down by motor while others went by
Several of the party, if no: ; U,!
will visit Cuba while in Florida. j
Heir to Millions Finds Happiness with
Once more It has been demonstrated that heart and mind, despite materialistic findings, can win happiness
thranch followier the dictates of the God of Ixtve. A few daya ago, the social world was startled by the
manage of William Willoek, Jr. (left), heir to millions and hie mother’s chambermaid. The upper picture
shows the humble dwelling where the youthful heir brought his Norwegian bride. At the right la a facsimile of
the license to wed which was filed in Brooklyn. N. Y. The lower pietur' show, the mansion of his father, where
the young man first met his twenty-yeas-old Norwegian bride. inurn.ttooal New««i
Bird And Rabbit
Season Will Open
Big Bays Just Ahead For Hunters.
Convict Eight Hunting Out
The heavy artillery of scores of
Cleveland county hunters will open
up in full blast on Wednesday
morning as the quail and rabbit
season opens In this section.
Hunting licenses in view of the
fact that the two big local hunting
seasons are Just around the corner
are selling fast, according to Mike
H. Austell, county game warden.
In connection with the announce
ment of the opening pf the bird
and rabbit season, the game war
den states that nine people were
arrested in the county last week for
hunting rabbits out of season or for
hunting without licenses. Eight of
the nine were convicted.
Was Nitrate First*
Used In Cleveland?
Effort Being Made To Find First
Carolina Farmer Who Used
Nitrate Of Soda.
An attempt is being made to find
some of the farmers who pioneered
in using nitrate of soda as a ferti
lizer in North Carolina. As a fea
ture of the centennial celebration of
Chilean nitrate of soda, suitable
recognition is to be conferred on the
farmer now living in this state who
first used "Soda" and also on the
farmer who lias used it for the
longest period of time.
It Is thought that Cleveland
county will have several representa
tives among the early users of ni
trate. Any farmer who has used ni
trate of soda for 25 years or more
should report his experience, for he
may. unknow'ingly, be the first or
the oldest user in the state. Names
may be sent to County Agent ft. W.
Shoffner, who will forward them to
the committee which will make the
The use of mineral fertilizers in
the United States, according to
County Agent Shoffner, runs back
to the last half of the past century.
When the first farmers used min
eral fertilizers there was much
doubt about the value of the prac
tice. It was a "newfangled" idea,
about which very little was known.
But as a result of modest farm
tests and experimental research, it
has now become an economic neces
sity In the agriculture of the coun
The first shipment of nitrate of
soda was brought to the United
States in 1830. Since then it has
been used by four generations of
American farmers. Today, with the
exception of lime and marl, it has
probably been utilized the longest of
the inorganic substances now used
for agricultural purposes.
D. H, ClINE TO DETROIT.
Mr D H. Cline, local dealer for
Hudson and Essex cars, left Satur
day night for Detroit where he will
attend a meeting of dealers. Hud
son dealers outstanding in their
sections were incited to the factory'
Red Cross Roll l
Dollar Each In S
Talk On Education
Local Pastor* Preach On Education -1
al Topic* And Value of In
The pastors of the Shelby ch trch- j
es Sunday Joined the school folks hi!
observing appropriately American
Rev. Hi N. McDlarmld of the
Presbyterian church had as his sub
ject for American Education Week
"The Trust of Youth.”
Rev. L. B. Hayes, pastor of the
Central Methodist church, spore on
the subject, "The A. B. C.,‘s of Re
Rev. Rush Padgett of the oouth
Shelby Baptist church used “Char
acter Building” as his subject.
Dr. Zeno Wall of the First Bap
tist church was confronted with the
necessity of reviewing the great
convention held in his church dur
ing the week, and therefore had sim
ply to make incidental mention or
American Education Week in the
Shelby Birds Win
In Spartanburg Fair
Shelby chickens carried off three
prizes at the recent Spartanburg
fair. E. Holcomb, of 411 South De
Kalb street, won the sweepstakes on
his dark cornish, also taking first on
young pen entry, second on young
cockerel, and the best young pen
in the show of 1,000 birds.
Mr. George Wray has returned
from a business trip to Baltimore,
Mrs. Sue Austell of Charlotte
spent Sunday with her daughter,
Mrs. W. E. Crowder.
'.all To Ask For
helby This Week
Annual Drive For Funds For Great
est Relief Organisation In
World Begins Tuesday.
Shelby's quota for American
Red Cross work this year is WOO.
representing 900 annual mem
berships at 91 each, according
to Attorney Henry B. Edwards,
chairman of the Rod Cross Roll
Chairman Edwards has designat
ed this week, from Tuesday through
Saturday, as Roll Call week with
intensive drives to be made on Tri
day and Saturday, and it is honed
to secure' the entire quota during
Officers of the Roll Call campaign
in addition to the chairman are
Dewitt Quinn, vice chairman; D. Z.
Newton, secretary-treasurer; C. B
McBrayer, Home Service chairman;
Miss Selma Webb, Junior Red Cross
chairman; Wm. Lineberger, disaster
chairman, and Renn Drum, pub
Women To Canvass.
On Friday and Saturday a dele
gation of Shelby women headed by
Miss Selma Webb will make a can
vass of the uptown business section
in the effort to secure the required
quota during the two days. Chair
man Edwards will endeavor to have
the Lions, Kiwanis and Rotary
clubs mention the roll call at ihelr
(Continued on page ten.)
Giant Turnip Shown
By Cleveland Farmer
Mr. W. W. Covington, Cleveland
comity farmer, was in Shelby Sat
urday exhibiting a giant Purple Top
turnip which weighed six pounds
and seven ounces. Mr. Covington
lives five miles above Lawndale on
Lawndale Route 1.
Flaws Found. In North Carolina *s
Secret Ballot Law; To Clarify It
Three Ways To Vote Straight Ticket.
Attorney General Will
Straighten Errors Out.
Raleigh.—Despite all the hours
and weeks of debate devoted to the
Australian Ballot bill passed by the
1929 general assembly, and the
numerous times it was written and
re-written, it seems that a good
many errors of one sort of another
slipped into the bill, study of this
law now reveals.
What effect these errors may have
in the operation of the law or on
the result of the elections is not
known. Some think they may in
validate the entire law and ser
iously hamper the holding of ejec
tions under it, while others think
that these irregularities in the law
may serve only to give judges of
elections greater leeway In decid
ing whether or not ballots are prop
erly marked. If the matter of in
terpreting the law is left up to the
individual judges in the various pre
cincts, there is little doubt but j
that they can make or break can
didates according as they may de
cide to interpret the law.
Three Ways To Vote.
One ot the most noticeable errors
discovered so far in the directions
given in the law for the marking
of ballots and especially in voting
straight party tickets. The law as
it now stands directs three instinct
and separate methods of marking
the ticket, any one of which may
be either correct or incorrect;, de
pending on how the law is inter
preted and which method is ad
judged to be the correct method
of marking the ballot.
To vote a straight party ticket,
one clause directs the voter to make'
a cross mark in the circle be
low the name of the party; fhe
second to make a cross mark in the
circle at the left of the name of
the party, and the third to make
the cross mark In the circle at the
top of the party column.
It is expected that the attorney
(Continued on page ten.)
For Big Meeting
All-Day Session For Depicting
County's Farm Progress At
Quite an assemblage of Cleve
land county farmers are expect
ed here tomorrow, Tuesday, for
an agricultural program In the
court house, a program which
will take up the major portion
or the day in depicting agricul
tural changes in this county
during the last eight years.
The gathering will get underway
it 10 o’clock with a session until
noon and another program in the
afternoon. County Agent R. W.
Shoffner says that he believes that
every farmer in the county will be
Interested In and will benefit by
the Information given out. He like
vise urges that business men of
9helby and the county attend as
veil ns farmers and farm wives.
To Show Changes Here.
The big feature of the meeting
will be the presentation of facts and
figures showing Just how the farm
life of this county has changed
since 1020. The amount of cotton
made eight years ago will be com
pared with the amount made last
year, and the gain or decrease of
each year will also be shown. The
same will be done in connection with
other farm crops and activities
Agricultural experts present for the
meeting will explain Just how the
county has benefitted or been dam
aged by the increase or decrease <n
the various farm lines.
A portion of the meeting will be
given over to planning a farm pro
gram for the county for the ap
proaching year. Among the visitors
who will be present for the meeting
will be Mr. C. A. Sheffield, of the
agricultural department at Raleigh.
Confederate Vet Is
Dead In Rutherford
Funeral Of William Philbeck, Cleve
land County Native, Held At
William Philbeck, 88, Confederate
veteran and well known citizen who
lived near Walls Baptist church,
about 14 miles east of Rutherford
ton, died Saturday morning after
an illness of several years.
Funeral services were held at
Walls church Sunday at 3 p. m. He
leaves three daughters, Mrs. Caleb
Smart, Cleveland county, and Misses
Resale and Susan Philbeck, at
home; also one sister, Miss Dina
Philbeck, of Cleveland county.
Mr. Philbeck, a native of Cleve
land county, though he has made
Rutherford his home for .nany
years, served three and a half years
in the War Between the States and
was a member of company O, 34th
N. C. regiment. He was a member
of the Baptist church for many
Goes To Jail For
Writing Bad Check
On His Sister Hero
Just In From California, Harold
Burelson Goes To Jail Over
Harold Burleson, attractive young
white man, was placed in jail here
Saturday morning after he had
written a worthless check at the
Paragon department store t'gning
the name of his sister to the caeck.
Young Burleson, who had Just ar
rived in Shelby from California,
purchased a pair erf shoes and of
fered the $10 check with the name
of his sister, Grace Sides, who lives
here, upon it. Department store of
ficials were on the alert and in a
short time Burleson was headed for
jail to await trial.
Clean Up Tra*h, And
Burn Papers, Urges
Shelby’s Fire Chief
“None of the citisens of Shelby
want to see a fire,” said City Fire
Chief J. R. Robinson today, “and
if they will all cooperate with the
fire department and the garbage de
partment we may keep the number
of Shelby fires low during the next
few months when there are usual
ly many fires.”
The fire chief urged that piles
of rubbish and paper in both the
business and residential sectors be
cleared up. Some of the rubb «h and
trash may be burned and thus , ave
the trouble of moving It, while the
remainder should be placed whera
it can be loaded by the city trash