VOL. XXXVII. No. 3G
SHELBY, N. C. WEDNESD’Y, MAR. 25. 1931 Published Monday. Wednesday and Friday Afternoons.
■>I ><*•> «i i*« on ttu
:»rn.r o»r r«*r, lin >d,.n«ci „ Ja-Dv
LA TE new: !
Cotton, per lb. ._.. l(HJc uoj
Cotton Seed, per bo ..._ STHe
Fair And Colder.
Today’s N o r t h Carolina
Weather Report: Fair tonight
and Thursday. Somewhat
colder tonight and in east and
central portions Thursday.
Charlotte, March 25.—Miss
Harriet Elliott, of North Car-;
ollna College for Women.
Greensboro, addressing the
State League of Women Vot
ers last night termed North
Carolina’s system of govern- j
ment “the haphazard result j
of a century of unconscious j
development.” Miss Elliott’s:
subject was the Brookings re-!
port, which she described as
one of the “wise and progres
sive steps” taken by Gbvernor \
Negro Shot Visitor
At His Home
Mack Montgomery, of Earl Section.
Only Witness For Himself
Mack Montgomery, 46-year-old
negro farm hand of the Earl section,
was given a, sentence of not less
than five years nor mere than eight
years in the State prison at hard <. - j
bor by Judge Wilson Warlick in su-j
perior court here yesterday.
Montgomery plead guilty of.homi-; ’
clde in connection with the death
of Oddessa Littlejohn, young ne
gro woman, wife of George Little
john. The woman was fatally shot j
in the yard of Montgomery’s home'
on the Bettis farm on February 22,]
this year. The bullet entered her
side, perforated her intestines, and
she died in the Shelby hospital on
Tuesday after being shot on Sun-;
Quite a number of witnesses, all of
whom were at or nearby the Mont-1
gomery home at the time of the
shooting, were offered by the state.
They told of a fuss going -on in the
house between the Littlejohn wom
an and members of Montgomery’s
family, particularly one of his;
daughters. Montgomery went into!
the house, one witness saying that
he was called in to stop the fight.
A short time later he ordered the
Littlejohn woman to leave. As she
was leaving, after having walked
about 13 steps, state witnesses said,
she half turned around and was
then shot in the side by Montgom
ery. Several of the witnesses testi
fied that Montgomery told her to get
out and leave or he would shoot her,
Axe Brought In.
No.witnesses appeared for me de
fendant and he took the stand him
self. As the Littlejohn woman start
ed from the house he testified that
she picked up a sprouting axe and
said that she would kill him. It was
then he said he fired, having put
his pistol in his pocket a few min
utes before to scare her.
It was never brought out what the
Littlejohn woman and members of
Montgomery's family had been ar
guing about before he entered the
Montgomery proved a good char
acter in the past and Judge Wa*
lick announced that he took this
into consideration in passing sen
Attorney Jim Cline was appointed
by the court to handle the defense
The man who goes to prison for
five years has a wife and nine chil
dren, the oldest not living at home.
Former Shelby Lady
Robbed Of Jewelry
Masked Men Enter Room Where
Bridge Game Was Going On.
Mrs. McBrayer Robbed.
Two masked men, armed with a
sawed off shotgun and a revolver,
entered the home of A. H Galloway
at Winston-Salem late Saturday,
locked four women found playing
bridge in a bathroom; locked Gallo
way In a closet, obtained jewelry
valued at $15,000 and escaped.
Victims of the robber were Mr.
and Mrs. Galloway, Mrs. James S,
Dunn, Mrs. Margaret Cavanaugh
and Mrs. Louise McBrayer, formerly
The bandits suddenly entered the
library where the women wvre play
ing. While one stood guard over the
disturbed bridge game, the other
went to the room where Galloway
was sleeping and locked him up
Then the two relieved the women oi
their jewelry^ locked them in tire
bathroom and ransacked the house
On leaving they drove away in
Mrs. Cavanaugh’s car, which was
later recovered a half mile from the
Store Robber Gets 5
Year Term In Prison
Doug Wray And Pals
Negro And Four Partners Sen tone- j
ed. Other Terms 15 To 30
Doug Wray, colored, first suspect
for many months when a store rob
bery was staged in this section, will
not break into any more stores for
five years unless he escapes from
the state prison. Four of his pals are
likewise out of circulation for per
iods ranging from 15 to 30 months.
In superior court late Monday
Wray, who featured in the robbery
some lime ago of the R. L. Armour
clothing store, the Basil Goode groc
ery and two other robberies, was
sentenced on two breaking and en
tering charges. being given four
years In prison on one charge and
on year on the other.
Floyd Wray, his brother, was giv
en a sentence of 18 months for re
ceiving stolen goods.
Ewell Eskridge charged in one
count with Wray of breaking and
entering was given a sentence of 30
to 45 months.'
Two other negroes, Will Henry
and Willie Collins, arrested in con
nection with the Armour robbery,
were given 15 months each for re
ceiving stolen goods.
The arrest and jailing of Wray
some time ago practically brought a
halt to robberies in this section as
officers said would happen once they
got their hands on Wray, who fea
tured in a number of robberies,
either playing a lone hand or as the
leader of a band.
L. J. Monroe, Charged with steal
ing an automobile, was given a seven
months sentence to take effect when
he completes a year’s sentence im
posed by the Cleveland county court
on a chicken and turkey stealing
The charge against Mose Alten of
carnal knowledge of a girl turner 12
years, of age was continued under
an alias capias order Monday.
Before adjourning yesterday the
grand jury returned a true bill
against Nelson Parker charging him
with assault with intent to commit
rape. The prosecuting witness was
listed as Lillie Mitchell.
R. P. Francis *0f
Earl Dead, Age 77
Seventy-Seven Year Old Citizen Is
Bnried At New Hope Bap
Rufus Price Francis, 77 years of
age and one of the leading citizens
of the Earl community, died Monday1
evening at 7 o'clock after an illness
of about a year. Mr. Francis joined
the Baptist church when a youth
and was a consecrated Christian
gentleman. At the time of his death
he was an honorary deacon of the
New Hope Baptist church.
Mr. Francis was married to Sara
Angeline McSwain but she preceded
him to the grave a year and four
months ago. Surviving are six chil
dren, Mrs. W, A. Mintz, of Charlotte,
F. A. Francis of Earl, E. Y. Francis,
of Lakeland, Fla., Mrs. Thera C.
Wilkins, E. B. Francis, of Asheville,
M. A. Francis, of Hickory. Two chil
dren are dead. One brother, R. B.
Francis and one sister, Mrs. E. P.
Roberts of Shelby also survive.
The funeral was conducted today
at New Hope church, the services
I being in charge of Rev. J. L. Jenkins,
! pastor, assisted by Rev. Rush Pad
, gett, of Lowell.
9 Months For
Three Men Sentenced For Robbing
Horn*; of Mrs. Kate
In superior court yesterday three
men -Claud McAbee, Joe Moore and
Paul Sisk—were given sentences of
nine months each on the county
roads on a larceny charge.
The charges developed around the
robbery last Wednesday night of the
home of Mrs. Kate Bridges in the
Boiling Springs section from which
a quantity of food was stolen.
According to the sentences they
are not to wear stripes.
More Stolen Loot
Get Goods Alleged To Be Taken
From Four Stores. Two Men
Deputies Henry McKinney and
Gus Jolley yesterday evening ar
rested two men and recovered
goods alleged to have been stolen
from four stores in this section.
The men arrested were George
Reavis of No. 2 township and Otto
Hamrick who recently moved to
Rutherford county. Among the good;
recovered were some alleged to 'uxve
been taken from the two stores at
Mooresboro, one at Ellenboro, and
one at Rutherfordton.
At one of the houses officers say
they found what appeared to be the
remainder of a hog stolen from
Andy Martin of No. 2 township soot)
after the hog was killed.
The men were sent to the Ruther
ford jail as the search was made by
county officers when officers of that
county suspicioned that Reavls and
Hamrick had been in some way con
nected with Rutherford robberies.
The men denied any connectJoif
with the robberies and said that
they knew nothing about the ar
T. P. A. To Elect
Mwtlnj to Be Held in Riviere 00
Co., Office Saturday Afternoon
At Four O’clock.
AH members of the Travelers Pro
tective association are notified to
meet Saturday afternoon at 4 o’clock
in the office of Riviere Oil Co., on
S. Washington street.
This is an annual meeting ar-d ir
called by the president F. O. Gee
and the secretary-treasurer Bloom
H. Kendall for the purpose of e’cct
ing officers for the ensuing year and
the appointment of delegates to the
The T. P. A. has a membership in
Shelby of 65. An annual banquet is
usually held during the Christmas
holidays, but the banquet this year
was passed up and the cost given to
the needy of the city. The officers
are desirous of having a large at
tendance at the meeting to \x held
Kiwanis Will Not
Meet This Week
There will be no meeting of the
Kiwanis club this Thursday night
because of the two revival meetings
now going on at Central Methodist
jchurch and at the First Baptist
GET YOUR ROAD MAP NOW
The State takes over the entire road system on
April 1st, under new legislation passed by this General
You live on a county road or a state highway. Get
a map showing the roads of Cleveland county, 793 miles,
with the township divisions, various types of roads,
consolidated schools, etc.
You can secure one of these maps by paying $1 or
more on subscription ter'The Star. Either call at the of
fice, send your subscription by mail or see one of our
subscription agents, P. S. Gettys or Q. J. Devenny.
The map is new and printed on strong, white paper,
THE CLEVELAND STAR
16th Paper !n Circulation Among The 200 North
Judge Wilson Warliek (above), of
Newton, Is now presiding over his
first term of superior court In Shel
by since being elected last fall. He is
one of the state’s youngest jurists,
and his efficient yet pleasant man
ner of presiding Is already meeting
with favorable approval here.
I'nusually Brief But Complimentary
Report Filed By Grand
The grand Jury which served at
the session of Superior court this
week apparently believed in action.
By Tuesday afternoon they had dis
posed of all the bills coming before
them, had investigated all county
institutions, filed their report and
The grand jury report was one of
the shortest ever recorded on the
local court docket. It contained -mly
8G words other than the customary
greetings and formalities. Every
county institution, according to the
report signed by A. A. Bettis, fore
man, was found to be in good au
dition and properly operated.
County Home Good.
The body of the report follows: j
“We find the court house in good
shape, the jail and its condit'ori
good; and the county home in ex
cellent condition. All matters per
taining to the upkeep of the home
and farm seem to be in fine condi
tion. Mr. and Mrs. Borders are tak
ing care of our unfortunate in a
most satisfactory manner. The hmln
gang is in a very satisfactory con
dition. The clerk of court as to min
ors heirs was O. K."
Many Defects In
Health Nurses Examines 8,428 Rural
School Students. Xonstl
A big percentage of the rural
school children ot Cleveland county
have physical defects of one type
or another, according to a survey
recently completed by Miss Cora
Beam, nurse of the state depart
mnet of health. Miss Beam is a na
tive of this county, a sister of Mr.
Herman Beam, cashier of the Fall
In the county for four months
Miss Beam examined 8,428 rural
school children in addition to the
school children of Shelby. Defects
found were listed as follows:
Defective vision, 931.
Defective throats, 4,765
Defective teeth, 3,881.
Number 10 percent underweight,
Before leaving Miss Beam inform
ed J. H. Grigg, county superintend
ent of schools, that there was a pos
sibility of the health department
putting on a tonsil clinic for school
children of the county this spring.
Loses Her Father
E. T. Scott, father of Miss Helen
Scott of the Fallston school faculty,
died Tuesday at his home at Con
verse, S. C., and will be burled
Thursday morning at 11 o’clock at
Cannon Camp Ground burying
ground. Funeral services will be held
at the Floyd Mortuary at Spartan
burg. Mr. Scott was 66 years of age
and is survived by his wife and the
following children: Mrs. W, R. Drake
and Mrs. H. B. Pettit of Spartan
burg. H. B. and Miss Annie Scott of
Converse and Miss Helen Scott of
In City Create
Wall, Courtney And
Good Congregation* Attending
Service# First Baptist, Cen
The two revivals now giong on In
Shelby, at the First Baptist church
and the Central Methodist church,
are drawing large congregations and
much interest Is being shown In the
series of services. Both churches are
holding services twice dally.
The primary motive of the Cen
tral services, according to the pas
tor, Rev. L. B. Hayes, is to cultivate
and deepen the spiritual life of the
church, arid the morning worship
services being conducted by Dr. R.
M. Courtney, presiding elder of this
district, are having much effect and
are being well attended with con
siderable interest shown. In addition
to conducting services here each
morning Dr. Courtney preaches at
Belmont each night and is proving
a general leader in religious serv
ices for his entire district. Good
crowds are attending the evening
services, conducted by Rev. D. B.
Hayes, the pastor, each evening at
7:30, and a number have indicated
their desire to become affiliated with
(CONTINUED ON PAGE TET. *
Error Corrected As To Officers Of
Ora And Shelby Mills. Names
Mills and merchants have been
sponsoring a movement In Cleveland
county to encourage the use by con
sumers of cotton made garments
and materials. This campaign nas
been hinged on slogan "We Grow
Cotton. We Manufacture Cotton,
Let's Wear Cotton,” and particular
ly Is such a campaign appropriate lr.
Cleveland county where practically
the entire population of SJ.000 peo
ple depends directly or Indirectly on
the growth, manufacture or sale of
cotton textiles. In Cleveland Uicre
are about 22 textile plants, manu
facturing southern grown cotton and
in fact much of the cotton grown In
Two full page advertisements have
been sponsored by the Shelby Cotton
mill, Ora mill, Dover mill, Cleveland
Mill and Power Co., Lily mill and
Power Co., and A. V. Wray and Six
In the Monday Issue of The Star,
there was an error in the location of
the officers of the Shelby Cotton
mill and the Ora mill. C. C. Blan
ton Is president and R. T. LeGrand
is secretary-treasurer of the Sh’lby
Cotton mill. J. R. Dover la presi
dent and Earl Hamrick secretary
treasurer of the Ora mill. This fact
is well known, but the names of the
officers got switched In the compos
ing room of The Star office and
numbers of people noticed the er
ror, revealing clearly how closely
these advertisements were read.
Pink Crow Being
Buried At 2 Today
Pink Crow, merchant living a few
miles north of Toluca on highway
No. 18, died yesterday and Is being
burled this afternoon at 2 o’clock at
Zion Hill Baptist church. Mr. Crow
Is the father of Bynum Crow, of
Shelby. He was about 70 years of age
and a successful merchant of the
Small Damage By
County Home Fire
One city fire truck responded
about 4 o’clock Monday afternoon
to an alarm from the county home
on highway 20 east of the city. A
piece of timber running from the
boiler room up through one of the
new brick buildings caught on fire
from the boiler flue. The smoke
filled the building and at first It was
thought the entire structure was
ablaze. The fire, however, was ex
tinguished with only a minor dam
Koon to Spartanburg,
Person Takes Home
Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Koon moved
yesterday from their residence on
the Cleveland Springs road to their
former home at Spartanburg. There
he will be associated with the Mont
gomery Ward firm. In Shelby he
was manager of the Wright-Baker
store. Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Person
will move into the Koon residence.
Mr. Person is the manager of the
local Montgomery Ward store.
Lost Off Polar Sub
Th* voyage of the Nautilua in which Sir Hubert Wilkin* plans to
travel under the North Pole, was touched by tragedy. Willard I,
Grimmer, quartermaster, tell from the narrow deck of the subsea
boat and was lost as the submarine was nearing New York. Grimmer
Is pictured above as he showed his bride of three weeks over the craft.
Gardner Opposed To Sales
Tax And A Luxury Tax That
Governor Does Not Hesitate To Express His
Stand. Hopes State Will Not Be Inflicted
With Any Such Tax Method.
Over Tax Stand
Governor’s Opposition To Sales Tax
And Luxury Tax Commended
On every hand here today
praise was heard for Governor
Gardner’s unmistakable an
nouncement as to his opposi
tion to a proposed sales tax or
Numerous Shelby toushiess men
and others some time ago in inter
views given The Star expressed their
disapproval of a sales tax, declaring
that it would put the little mer
chant out of business and would
really, after all, bring little relief to
any except the wealthy.
Many other local citizens have ex
pressed equal disapproval to a lux
ury tax, declaring that the majority
of the Items mentioned as luxuries
were articles used every day by poor
people as well as rich people. This
section’s greatest disapproval to a
luxury tax, however, arises from the
nearness of South Carolina and fre
quent contact with the "nuisance”
For a week or more local citizens
have been positive that Oovemor
Gardner would speak out when the
time came, and he is being highly
commended for outlining his stand
clearly and with no attempt to soft
soap in a matter of such importance
to the future of the state.
McSwain Vote* For
New Banking Method
On Monday Senator Peyton Mc
Swain, of Cleveland county, was one
of the senate banking committee
members to vote in favor of the
Seawell banking bill. The measure
has already passed the house and
is now favorably reported to the
senate. It is the bill backed by
Governor Gardner creating a new
method of supervision of bankers as
a result of numerous bank failures
a year ago.
Raleigh, March 25.—Governor
Gardner announced himself yester
day as “unalterably opposed” to any
form of a sales tax and to "any leg
islative program that finds this
principle of taxation necessary to
sustain it," In a special message to
the North Carolina general assem
He recommended “that so much of
the purpose of the MacLean bill as
cannot be carried out without a sales
l tax be eliminated from Its scope and
The governor spoke to a Joint
meeting of the house and senate on
the MacLean school law which com
mitted the general assembly to sup
port the six months school “from
sources other than ad valorem taxes
on land" and the house revenue bill.
The talk was radiocast.
The house revenue bill, estimated
to raise between $27,000,000 and $29,
000.000 annually is now before the
house as a committee of the whole.
It Includes a general sales tax plan
to raise approximately $9,000,000 an
nually for schools, necessary to car
ry put the mandate of the MacLean
Terms Policy Unwise.
“I am thoroughly convinced of
the unwisdom of the adoption of
the policy of levying any form of
a sales tax,” Governor Gardner
“It Is my profound conviction," he
added, “that we would do a serious
Injustice to the great body of citi
zenship In our state. Immediately
and for the future, if we should es
tablish this basis of taxation, fun-*
(CONTINUED ON PAGE TEN.)
Methodist Rally At
Hebron M. P. Church
Ail elaborate program has been
arranged for the two day Methodist
Protestant rally at Hebron church
near Toluca, Saturday and Sunday,
March 28 and 29. The twelfth dis
trict embraces Fallston, Shelby, Lin
colnton and Connelly Springs and a
large attendance Is looked forward
to. All of the ministers and a num
ber of laymen In the twelfth dis
trict will have a part on the pro-J
gram, sessions to be held Saturday
afternoon and night, Sunday morn
ing, afternoon and night, making
five sessions during the two days.
Luxury Tax On Articles Used By
Common Man Is A Tax On Poverty
Governor Flays Any Form Of Sales
Tax That Would Burden Poor
Excerpts from Governor Gardner's
speech to the general assembly yes
terday show it to be one of the most
thoughtful presentations of opinion
about the right of the little man to
live ever presented by a North Caro
lina statesman. After reading the
address Senator Cameron Morrison
wired Governor Gradner: “X hope
you can prevent the Democratic as
sembly from shifting any of it (the
tax burden) to the pinched stom
achs and threadbare backs of the
Quotations from the address fol
"Sales taxes take no measure of
ability to pay taxes. They are based
on humpn needs, and not on ability
"They would give a tax reduction
on the factory by a tax on the pur
chases of its labor.
"It relieves those whose ownership
of property is well above the aver
age and gathers from those who are
below the average or own no prop
erty at all. .
selection of articles of com
mon use and calling them luxuries
is but a little more ingenious method
of imposing taxes to relieve wealth
... it ts in fact a tax on poverty
... it taxes the weax to relieve the
"Taxes are high In this state and
must be reduced . . . They will be
reduced when this general assembly
returns to the people ... you (the
lawmakers) will carry with you the
greatest tax reduction on land and
«co->"rniOT» on p.aoe tbk ; j
Takes Her Out
Of Shelby Jail
Then Shoots Her
Gaffney Man Kill*
Yoon* Married Farmer Kills Tt
Tear-Old Woman. Arrested
Not many hours after he made
bond for her Sunday afternoon and
look her from the Cleveland county
jail to her home near Oaffney,
George Self, 30-year-old married
(firmer of Cherokee county, killed
Mary Phillips, 22 years of age, and
I hen shot himself.
The Phillips girl, officers here say,
'■ '*s arrested Saturday afternoon In
No. 1 township, this county, by
Deputy Kester Hamrick and brought
m Jail here. When arrested, It li
^aid, she was siting In a ear that
had been driven by Self which was
parked in front of the home of ona
if Self’s relatives. She was charged
with being Intoxicated.
Puts Up Bond.
Early Sunday afternoon, accord*
ing to Sheriff Allen, Self came tw
the county jail here to get the girt
out. He offered a $25 check as bond
but this was refused by the sheriff.
Self then, the sheriff says, returned
to Gaffney and came back about
4:30 Sunday afternoon with a cash
bond. Late that night when the girl
refused him a date Self shot he?
end killed himself.
Through With Husbands.
Before leaving the jail Sheriff
Alien says the young girl made m
statement expressing the determi
nation that resulted In her deato.
"1 am tlirough now,” the sheriff
quotes her, ' running around with
The Gaffney story of the killing
and suicide follows:
Gaffney, S. C.. Mar. 25.—When
Mary Phillips, 22, refused to give
him a “date,” George Self, 30, mar
ried entered her bedroom late Sun
day night shot her and then turn
ed the gun on himself.
Both died almost instantly.
Douglas Phillips and hia wife, at
whose home the tragedy occurred,
told a coroner's Jury today that Self
insisted the girl should accompany
him to Gaffney at a late hour.
When she refOsed, he started firing,
one bullet striking her In the fore
Their testimony was supported by
Ethel Phillips and Max Blddlx, also
eye-witnesses. “Murder and suicide”
was the verdict.
All said Self, who leaves a widow
and four children, had gone to see
Miss Phillips frequently. The dead
girl was not a relative of the Drag
las Phillips family.
Thirty Three Patients On The Bod,1
Two New Born Babies. Three
At the Shelby hospital there are
33 patients, Included to which are
two new born babies and three col
ored patients. The list this morning
Is as follows:
Mss. Curtis Smart, Shelby R, 8; J.
M. Queen, Shelby: Mrs. W. O. Llng
erfelt, Lawndale; Mirs. Alice Wil
liams, Shelby R-4; Ida Elizabeth
Lattlmore, Lattimore; J. W. Lee,
Lawndale; Charlie Bumgardner,
Lawndale R. 1; Mrs. Dennis Beam
and baby daughter, Mildred Bettle;
C. A. Stroup, Shelby: Jack Ken
nedy. Shelby, Ora Mill; A. M. Page.
Shelby; Mrs. L. E. Ligon, S’vKy;
Miss Emily Wilson, Shelby; Mrs. A.
P. Weathers, Shelby; Major Ander
son. Shelby, Idly Mill; Mrs. Mamie
ews, Shelby; Sam Short, Hollis;
Durant Weaver. Lawndale; Mildred
French, Shelby; Ruby Boheelcr,
Shelby; Mrs. James Moore and
baby daughter, Shelby R. 3; Mrs.
Lizzie Peeler. Shelby R. 4; John B.
Blanton, Shelby R. 3; Mrs. Hugh
Neal, Shelby R. ; Mrs. S. A. Put
nam, Shelby, Dover mill; Miss Mary
Hardy, Shelby; Johnny ray lor,
Shelby; Hilda Herndon, Qro-er;
Zeno Roberts, (col.) Kings Moun
tain; Mollie Sims (col.) Shelby;
Lizzie Surratt (col.) Shelby R. 8.
Lyric Theatre Back
The Lyric theatre is again In op
eration after the fire in the project
ing room there last Thursday night.
At the time It was thought the
theatre might not be able to open
for several days but rapid work en
abled it to resume operations Friday
night. Mr Enos Beam, manager, in
jured in a jump during the fire, 18
stile to be out but Is still on crutches.