VOL. XXXVII. No. 3G SHELBY, N. C. WEDNESD’Y, MAR. 25. 1931 Published Monday. Wednesday and Friday Afternoons. ID PAGES TODAY ■>I ><*•> «i i*« on ttu :»rn.r o»r r«*r, lin >d,.n«ci „ Ja-Dv LA TE new: ! THE MARKET Cotton, per lb. ._.. l(HJc uoj Cotton Seed, per bo ..._ STHe Fair And Colder. Today’s N o r t h Carolina Weather Report: Fair tonight and Thursday. Somewhat colder tonight and in east and central portions Thursday. Changes Needed. Charlotte, March 25.—Miss Harriet Elliott, of North Car-; ollna College for Women. Greensboro, addressing the State League of Women Vot ers last night termed North Carolina’s system of govern- j ment “the haphazard result j of a century of unconscious j development.” Miss Elliott’s: subject was the Brookings re-! port, which she described as one of the “wise and progres sive steps” taken by Gbvernor \ Gardner. Given 5-Year Sentence For Shooting Girl Negro Shot Visitor At His Home Mack Montgomery, of Earl Section. Only Witness For Himself At Trial. Mack Montgomery, 46-year-old negro farm hand of the Earl section, was given a, sentence of not less than five years nor mere than eight years in the State prison at hard <. - j bor by Judge Wilson Warlick in su-j perior court here yesterday. Montgomery plead guilty of.homi-; ’ clde in connection with the death of Oddessa Littlejohn, young ne gro woman, wife of George Little john. The woman was fatally shot j in the yard of Montgomery’s home' on the Bettis farm on February 22,] this year. The bullet entered her side, perforated her intestines, and she died in the Shelby hospital on Tuesday after being shot on Sun-; day. Many Witnesses. Quite a number of witnesses, all of whom were at or nearby the Mont-1 gomery home at the time of the shooting, were offered by the state. They told of a fuss going -on in the house between the Littlejohn wom an and members of Montgomery’s family, particularly one of his; daughters. Montgomery went into! the house, one witness saying that he was called in to stop the fight. A short time later he ordered the Littlejohn woman to leave. As she was leaving, after having walked about 13 steps, state witnesses said, she half turned around and was then shot in the side by Montgom ery. Several of the witnesses testi fied that Montgomery told her to get out and leave or he would shoot her, Axe Brought In. No.witnesses appeared for me de fendant and he took the stand him self. As the Littlejohn woman start ed from the house he testified that she picked up a sprouting axe and said that she would kill him. It was then he said he fired, having put his pistol in his pocket a few min utes before to scare her. It was never brought out what the Littlejohn woman and members of Montgomery's family had been ar guing about before he entered the house. Montgomery proved a good char acter in the past and Judge Wa* lick announced that he took this into consideration in passing sen tence. Attorney Jim Cline was appointed by the court to handle the defense for Montgomery. The man who goes to prison for five years has a wife and nine chil dren, the oldest not living at home. Former Shelby Lady Robbed Of Jewelry Masked Men Enter Room Where Bridge Game Was Going On. Mrs. McBrayer Robbed. Two masked men, armed with a sawed off shotgun and a revolver, entered the home of A. H Galloway at Winston-Salem late Saturday, locked four women found playing bridge in a bathroom; locked Gallo way In a closet, obtained jewelry valued at $15,000 and escaped. Victims of the robber were Mr. and Mrs. Galloway, Mrs. James S, Dunn, Mrs. Margaret Cavanaugh and Mrs. Louise McBrayer, formerly of Shelby. The bandits suddenly entered the library where the women wvre play ing. While one stood guard over the disturbed bridge game, the other went to the room where Galloway was sleeping and locked him up Then the two relieved the women oi their jewelry^ locked them in tire bathroom and ransacked the house On leaving they drove away in Mrs. Cavanaugh’s car, which was later recovered a half mile from the house Store Robber Gets 5 Year Term In Prison I Doug Wray And Pals Convicted Negro And Four Partners Sen tone- j ed. Other Terms 15 To 30 Months. Doug Wray, colored, first suspect for many months when a store rob bery was staged in this section, will not break into any more stores for five years unless he escapes from the state prison. Four of his pals are likewise out of circulation for per iods ranging from 15 to 30 months. In superior court late Monday Wray, who featured in the robbery some lime ago of the R. L. Armour clothing store, the Basil Goode groc ery and two other robberies, was sentenced on two breaking and en tering charges. being given four years In prison on one charge and on year on the other. Others Lighter. Floyd Wray, his brother, was giv en a sentence of 18 months for re ceiving stolen goods. Ewell Eskridge charged in one count with Wray of breaking and entering was given a sentence of 30 to 45 months.' Two other negroes, Will Henry and Willie Collins, arrested in con nection with the Armour robbery, were given 15 months each for re ceiving stolen goods. Stopped Robberies. The arrest and jailing of Wray some time ago practically brought a halt to robberies in this section as officers said would happen once they got their hands on Wray, who fea tured in a number of robberies, either playing a lone hand or as the leader of a band. Auto Robbery. L. J. Monroe, Charged with steal ing an automobile, was given a seven months sentence to take effect when he completes a year’s sentence im posed by the Cleveland county court on a chicken and turkey stealing charge. The charge against Mose Alten of carnal knowledge of a girl turner 12 years, of age was continued under an alias capias order Monday. Rape Bill. Before adjourning yesterday the grand jury returned a true bill against Nelson Parker charging him with assault with intent to commit rape. The prosecuting witness was listed as Lillie Mitchell. R. P. Francis *0f Earl Dead, Age 77 Seventy-Seven Year Old Citizen Is Bnried At New Hope Bap tist Church. Rufus Price Francis, 77 years of age and one of the leading citizens of the Earl community, died Monday1 evening at 7 o'clock after an illness of about a year. Mr. Francis joined the Baptist church when a youth and was a consecrated Christian gentleman. At the time of his death he was an honorary deacon of the New Hope Baptist church. Mr. Francis was married to Sara Angeline McSwain but she preceded him to the grave a year and four months ago. Surviving are six chil dren, Mrs. W, A. Mintz, of Charlotte, F. A. Francis of Earl, E. Y. Francis, of Lakeland, Fla., Mrs. Thera C. Wilkins, E. B. Francis, of Asheville, M. A. Francis, of Hickory. Two chil dren are dead. One brother, R. B. Francis and one sister, Mrs. E. P. Roberts of Shelby also survive. The funeral was conducted today at New Hope church, the services I being in charge of Rev. J. L. Jenkins, ! pastor, assisted by Rev. Rush Pad , gett, of Lowell. 9 Months For Larceny Count Three Men Sentenced For Robbing Horn*; of Mrs. Kate , Bridges. In superior court yesterday three men -Claud McAbee, Joe Moore and Paul Sisk—were given sentences of nine months each on the county roads on a larceny charge. The charges developed around the robbery last Wednesday night of the home of Mrs. Kate Bridges in the Boiling Springs section from which a quantity of food was stolen. According to the sentences they are not to wear stripes. Officers Recover More Stolen Loot Get Goods Alleged To Be Taken From Four Stores. Two Men Held. Deputies Henry McKinney and Gus Jolley yesterday evening ar rested two men and recovered goods alleged to have been stolen from four stores in this section. The men arrested were George Reavis of No. 2 township and Otto Hamrick who recently moved to Rutherford county. Among the good; recovered were some alleged to 'uxve been taken from the two stores at Mooresboro, one at Ellenboro, and one at Rutherfordton. At one of the houses officers say they found what appeared to be the remainder of a hog stolen from Andy Martin of No. 2 township soot) after the hog was killed. The men were sent to the Ruther ford jail as the search was made by county officers when officers of that county suspicioned that Reavls and Hamrick had been in some way con nected with Rutherford robberies. The men denied any connectJoif with the robberies and said that they knew nothing about the ar ticles recovered. T. P. A. To Elect Officers Saturday Mwtlnj to Be Held in Riviere 00 Co., Office Saturday Afternoon At Four O’clock. AH members of the Travelers Pro tective association are notified to meet Saturday afternoon at 4 o’clock in the office of Riviere Oil Co., on S. Washington street. This is an annual meeting ar-d ir called by the president F. O. Gee and the secretary-treasurer Bloom H. Kendall for the purpose of e’cct ing officers for the ensuing year and the appointment of delegates to the state convention. The T. P. A. has a membership in Shelby of 65. An annual banquet is usually held during the Christmas holidays, but the banquet this year was passed up and the cost given to the needy of the city. The officers are desirous of having a large at tendance at the meeting to \x held Saturday afternoon. Kiwanis Will Not Meet This Week There will be no meeting of the Kiwanis club this Thursday night because of the two revival meetings now going on at Central Methodist jchurch and at the First Baptist I church. GET YOUR ROAD MAP NOW The State takes over the entire road system on April 1st, under new legislation passed by this General Assembly. You live on a county road or a state highway. Get a map showing the roads of Cleveland county, 793 miles, with the township divisions, various types of roads, consolidated schools, etc. You can secure one of these maps by paying $1 or more on subscription ter'The Star. Either call at the of fice, send your subscription by mail or see one of our subscription agents, P. S. Gettys or Q. J. Devenny. The map is new and printed on strong, white paper, 11x17 inches. THE CLEVELAND STAR 16th Paper !n Circulation Among The 200 North Carolina Newspapers. Holding Court Judge Wilson Warliek (above), of Newton, Is now presiding over his first term of superior court In Shel by since being elected last fall. He is one of the state’s youngest jurists, and his efficient yet pleasant man ner of presiding Is already meeting with favorable approval here. Jury Endorses CountyMethod I'nusually Brief But Complimentary Report Filed By Grand Jury, The grand Jury which served at the session of Superior court this week apparently believed in action. By Tuesday afternoon they had dis posed of all the bills coming before them, had investigated all county institutions, filed their report and adjourned. The grand jury report was one of the shortest ever recorded on the local court docket. It contained -mly 8G words other than the customary greetings and formalities. Every county institution, according to the report signed by A. A. Bettis, fore man, was found to be in good au dition and properly operated. County Home Good. The body of the report follows: j “We find the court house in good shape, the jail and its condit'ori good; and the county home in ex cellent condition. All matters per taining to the upkeep of the home and farm seem to be in fine condi tion. Mr. and Mrs. Borders are tak ing care of our unfortunate in a most satisfactory manner. The hmln gang is in a very satisfactory con dition. The clerk of court as to min ors heirs was O. K." Many Defects In School Children Health Nurses Examines 8,428 Rural School Students. Xonstl Clinic. A big percentage of the rural school children ot Cleveland county have physical defects of one type or another, according to a survey recently completed by Miss Cora Beam, nurse of the state depart mnet of health. Miss Beam is a na tive of this county, a sister of Mr. Herman Beam, cashier of the Fall ston bank; In the county for four months Miss Beam examined 8,428 rural school children in addition to the school children of Shelby. Defects found were listed as follows: Defective vision, 931. Defective throats, 4,765 Defective teeth, 3,881. Number 10 percent underweight, 795. Before leaving Miss Beam inform ed J. H. Grigg, county superintend ent of schools, that there was a pos sibility of the health department putting on a tonsil clinic for school children of the county this spring. Fallston Teacher Loses Her Father E. T. Scott, father of Miss Helen Scott of the Fallston school faculty, died Tuesday at his home at Con verse, S. C., and will be burled Thursday morning at 11 o’clock at Cannon Camp Ground burying ground. Funeral services will be held at the Floyd Mortuary at Spartan burg. Mr. Scott was 66 years of age and is survived by his wife and the following children: Mrs. W, R. Drake and Mrs. H. B. Pettit of Spartan burg. H. B. and Miss Annie Scott of Converse and Miss Helen Scott of Two Revivals In City Create Added Interest Wall, Courtney And Hayes Preach Good Congregation* Attending Service# First Baptist, Cen tral Methodist. The two revivals now giong on In Shelby, at the First Baptist church and the Central Methodist church, are drawing large congregations and much interest Is being shown In the series of services. Both churches are holding services twice dally. Courtney Preaches. The primary motive of the Cen tral services, according to the pas tor, Rev. L. B. Hayes, is to cultivate and deepen the spiritual life of the church, arid the morning worship services being conducted by Dr. R. M. Courtney, presiding elder of this district, are having much effect and are being well attended with con siderable interest shown. In addition to conducting services here each morning Dr. Courtney preaches at Belmont each night and is proving a general leader in religious serv ices for his entire district. Good crowds are attending the evening services, conducted by Rev. D. B. Hayes, the pastor, each evening at 7:30, and a number have indicated their desire to become affiliated with (CONTINUED ON PAGE TET. * Textile Mills Encourage Cotton Error Corrected As To Officers Of Ora And Shelby Mills. Names Switched. Mills and merchants have been sponsoring a movement In Cleveland county to encourage the use by con sumers of cotton made garments and materials. This campaign nas been hinged on slogan "We Grow Cotton. We Manufacture Cotton, Let's Wear Cotton,” and particular ly Is such a campaign appropriate lr. Cleveland county where practically the entire population of SJ.000 peo ple depends directly or Indirectly on the growth, manufacture or sale of cotton textiles. In Cleveland Uicre are about 22 textile plants, manu facturing southern grown cotton and in fact much of the cotton grown In Cleveland county. Two full page advertisements have been sponsored by the Shelby Cotton mill, Ora mill, Dover mill, Cleveland Mill and Power Co., Lily mill and Power Co., and A. V. Wray and Six Sons. In the Monday Issue of The Star, there was an error in the location of the officers of the Shelby Cotton mill and the Ora mill. C. C. Blan ton Is president and R. T. LeGrand is secretary-treasurer of the Sh’lby Cotton mill. J. R. Dover la presi dent and Earl Hamrick secretary treasurer of the Ora mill. This fact is well known, but the names of the officers got switched In the compos ing room of The Star office and numbers of people noticed the er ror, revealing clearly how closely these advertisements were read. Pink Crow Being Buried At 2 Today Pink Crow, merchant living a few miles north of Toluca on highway No. 18, died yesterday and Is being burled this afternoon at 2 o’clock at Zion Hill Baptist church. Mr. Crow Is the father of Bynum Crow, of Shelby. He was about 70 years of age and a successful merchant of the Three-County-Cor-ners section. Small Damage By County Home Fire One city fire truck responded about 4 o’clock Monday afternoon to an alarm from the county home on highway 20 east of the city. A piece of timber running from the boiler room up through one of the new brick buildings caught on fire from the boiler flue. The smoke filled the building and at first It was thought the entire structure was ablaze. The fire, however, was ex tinguished with only a minor dam age. Koon to Spartanburg, Person Takes Home Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Koon moved yesterday from their residence on the Cleveland Springs road to their former home at Spartanburg. There he will be associated with the Mont gomery Ward firm. In Shelby he was manager of the Wright-Baker store. Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Person will move into the Koon residence. Mr. Person is the manager of the local Montgomery Ward store. Lost Off Polar Sub Th* voyage of the Nautilua in which Sir Hubert Wilkin* plans to travel under the North Pole, was touched by tragedy. Willard I, Grimmer, quartermaster, tell from the narrow deck of the subsea boat and was lost as the submarine was nearing New York. Grimmer Is pictured above as he showed his bride of three weeks over the craft. Gardner Opposed To Sales Tax And A Luxury Tax That Governor Does Not Hesitate To Express His Stand. Hopes State Will Not Be Inflicted With Any Such Tax Method. Hits Common Praise Gardner Over Tax Stand Governor’s Opposition To Sales Tax And Luxury Tax Commended Here. On every hand here today praise was heard for Governor Gardner’s unmistakable an nouncement as to his opposi tion to a proposed sales tax or luxury tax. Numerous Shelby toushiess men and others some time ago in inter views given The Star expressed their disapproval of a sales tax, declaring that it would put the little mer chant out of business and would really, after all, bring little relief to any except the wealthy. Many other local citizens have ex pressed equal disapproval to a lux ury tax, declaring that the majority of the Items mentioned as luxuries were articles used every day by poor people as well as rich people. This section’s greatest disapproval to a luxury tax, however, arises from the nearness of South Carolina and fre quent contact with the "nuisance” tax there. For a week or more local citizens have been positive that Oovemor Gardner would speak out when the time came, and he is being highly commended for outlining his stand clearly and with no attempt to soft soap in a matter of such importance to the future of the state. McSwain Vote* For New Banking Method On Monday Senator Peyton Mc Swain, of Cleveland county, was one of the senate banking committee members to vote in favor of the Seawell banking bill. The measure has already passed the house and is now favorably reported to the senate. It is the bill backed by Governor Gardner creating a new method of supervision of bankers as a result of numerous bank failures a year ago. Raleigh, March 25.—Governor Gardner announced himself yester day as “unalterably opposed” to any form of a sales tax and to "any leg islative program that finds this principle of taxation necessary to sustain it," In a special message to the North Carolina general assem bly. He recommended “that so much of the purpose of the MacLean bill as cannot be carried out without a sales l tax be eliminated from Its scope and purpose.” The governor spoke to a Joint meeting of the house and senate on the MacLean school law which com mitted the general assembly to sup port the six months school “from sources other than ad valorem taxes on land" and the house revenue bill. The talk was radiocast. The house revenue bill, estimated to raise between $27,000,000 and $29, 000.000 annually is now before the house as a committee of the whole. It Includes a general sales tax plan to raise approximately $9,000,000 an nually for schools, necessary to car ry put the mandate of the MacLean law. Terms Policy Unwise. “I am thoroughly convinced of the unwisdom of the adoption of the policy of levying any form of a sales tax,” Governor Gardner said. “It Is my profound conviction," he added, “that we would do a serious Injustice to the great body of citi zenship In our state. Immediately and for the future, if we should es tablish this basis of taxation, fun-* (CONTINUED ON PAGE TEN.) Methodist Rally At Hebron M. P. Church Ail elaborate program has been arranged for the two day Methodist Protestant rally at Hebron church near Toluca, Saturday and Sunday, March 28 and 29. The twelfth dis trict embraces Fallston, Shelby, Lin colnton and Connelly Springs and a large attendance Is looked forward to. All of the ministers and a num ber of laymen In the twelfth dis trict will have a part on the pro-J gram, sessions to be held Saturday afternoon and night, Sunday morn ing, afternoon and night, making five sessions during the two days. Luxury Tax On Articles Used By Common Man Is A Tax On Poverty Governor Flays Any Form Of Sales Tax That Would Burden Poor Of State. Excerpts from Governor Gardner's speech to the general assembly yes terday show it to be one of the most thoughtful presentations of opinion about the right of the little man to live ever presented by a North Caro lina statesman. After reading the address Senator Cameron Morrison wired Governor Gradner: “X hope you can prevent the Democratic as sembly from shifting any of it (the tax burden) to the pinched stom achs and threadbare backs of the poor." Quotations from the address fol low: "Sales taxes take no measure of ability to pay taxes. They are based on humpn needs, and not on ability to pay. "They would give a tax reduction on the factory by a tax on the pur chases of its labor. "It relieves those whose ownership of property is well above the aver age and gathers from those who are below the average or own no prop erty at all. . selection of articles of com mon use and calling them luxuries is but a little more ingenious method of imposing taxes to relieve wealth ... it ts in fact a tax on poverty ... it taxes the weax to relieve the strong. "Taxes are high In this state and must be reduced . . . They will be reduced when this general assembly returns to the people ... you (the lawmakers) will carry with you the greatest tax reduction on land and «co->"rniOT» on p.aoe tbk ; j Takes Her Out Of Shelby Jail Then Shoots Her Gaffney Man Kill* Woman, Self Yoon* Married Farmer Kills Tt Tear-Old Woman. Arrested In Count.*. Not many hours after he made bond for her Sunday afternoon and look her from the Cleveland county jail to her home near Oaffney, George Self, 30-year-old married (firmer of Cherokee county, killed Mary Phillips, 22 years of age, and I hen shot himself. The Phillips girl, officers here say, '■ '*s arrested Saturday afternoon In No. 1 township, this county, by Deputy Kester Hamrick and brought m Jail here. When arrested, It li ^aid, she was siting In a ear that had been driven by Self which was parked in front of the home of ona if Self’s relatives. She was charged with being Intoxicated. Puts Up Bond. Early Sunday afternoon, accord* ing to Sheriff Allen, Self came tw the county jail here to get the girt out. He offered a $25 check as bond but this was refused by the sheriff. Self then, the sheriff says, returned to Gaffney and came back about 4:30 Sunday afternoon with a cash bond. Late that night when the girl refused him a date Self shot he? end killed himself. Through With Husbands. Before leaving the jail Sheriff Alien says the young girl made m statement expressing the determi nation that resulted In her deato. "1 am tlirough now,” the sheriff quotes her, ' running around with married men.’’ The Gaffney story of the killing and suicide follows: Refused Date. Gaffney, S. C.. Mar. 25.—When Mary Phillips, 22, refused to give him a “date,” George Self, 30, mar ried entered her bedroom late Sun day night shot her and then turn ed the gun on himself. Both died almost instantly. Douglas Phillips and hia wife, at whose home the tragedy occurred, told a coroner's Jury today that Self insisted the girl should accompany him to Gaffney at a late hour. When she refOsed, he started firing, one bullet striking her In the fore head. Their testimony was supported by Ethel Phillips and Max Blddlx, also eye-witnesses. “Murder and suicide” was the verdict. All said Self, who leaves a widow and four children, had gone to see Miss Phillips frequently. The dead girl was not a relative of the Drag las Phillips family. Patients At Local Hospital Thirty Three Patients On The Bod,1 Two New Born Babies. Three Colored Patients. At the Shelby hospital there are 33 patients, Included to which are two new born babies and three col ored patients. The list this morning Is as follows: Mss. Curtis Smart, Shelby R, 8; J. M. Queen, Shelby: Mrs. W. O. Llng erfelt, Lawndale; Mirs. Alice Wil liams, Shelby R-4; Ida Elizabeth Lattlmore, Lattimore; J. W. Lee, Lawndale; Charlie Bumgardner, Lawndale R. 1; Mrs. Dennis Beam and baby daughter, Mildred Bettle; C. A. Stroup, Shelby: Jack Ken nedy. Shelby, Ora Mill; A. M. Page. Shelby; Mrs. L. E. Ligon, S’vKy; Miss Emily Wilson, Shelby; Mrs. A. P. Weathers, Shelby; Major Ander son. Shelby, Idly Mill; Mrs. Mamie ews, Shelby; Sam Short, Hollis; Durant Weaver. Lawndale; Mildred French, Shelby; Ruby Boheelcr, Shelby; Mrs. James Moore and baby daughter, Shelby R. 3; Mrs. Lizzie Peeler. Shelby R. 4; John B. Blanton, Shelby R. 3; Mrs. Hugh Neal, Shelby R. ; Mrs. S. A. Put nam, Shelby, Dover mill; Miss Mary Hardy, Shelby; Johnny ray lor, Shelby; Hilda Herndon, Qro-er; Zeno Roberts, (col.) Kings Moun tain; Mollie Sims (col.) Shelby; Lizzie Surratt (col.) Shelby R. 8. Lyric Theatre Back Entertaining Again The Lyric theatre is again In op eration after the fire in the project ing room there last Thursday night. At the time It was thought the theatre might not be able to open for several days but rapid work en abled it to resume operations Friday night. Mr Enos Beam, manager, in jured in a jump during the fire, 18 stile to be out but Is still on crutches.