'AC FOUR ' i , , i r
''A gricultural and Industrial Agent
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.
Th -fact that lespedezas will im
; f prove' the soil on which they are
vrawn.' (m that subseauent croos of
, ,( " - -----
' small grain, corn and cotton will be
larger than before lespeileza was
' planted, is well established. The de
gree of this improvement as measur
ed by increased yields will depend
upon the way the lespedeza is handled
and on soil and climatic conditions.
When the lespedeza is cut for hay, in
creases of from 50 to 100 per cent
in the yields of corn and cotton havt
frequently been recorded in Nortl.
, Carolina. The best practice appears
to be to grow lespedeza for 2 or 3
years, utilizing it for hay or pas
ture, and to follow with 1 or 2 yean
of seed crops.
When land has become so worn as
not to be worth cultivating it is often
"turned out." Lespedeza comes in.
but it takes several years to cove:
such poor ground through natural
spread. A better plan is to disk am
level after the last crop of corn oi
cotton and seed down to lespedeza.
Superphosphate or basic slag, 300 to
400 pounds per acre, will help the
lespedeza materially, and the lespe
deza can be used for hay or pastur
age, or, if the farmer ha3 no use for
it, left on the ground tto reseed and
enrich the .soil for a year or two.
Three species of lespedeza two an
nual and one perennial are of inter
est to the farmer. The annuals are
(1) the common (Lespedeza striata),
with two improved varieties, Tennes
see No. 76 and Kobe, and (2) the
Korean (L. stipulacca), with one ex
tra early variety. The perennial is
The annual lespedezas are grown
extensively in the South, for hay,
pasturage, soil improvement and seed
The culture of lespedeza is simple.
The seed is best sown on winter
grain about the middle of March ir
the latitude of North Carolina, and
somewhat earlier farther south and
later farther north. If seeding is
done too late for the freezing and
thawing of the ground to work the
seed under the surface, the field
should be lightly harrowed after seed
ing. If 25. to 30 pounds of seed per
acre is used a hay crop may be ex
pected that fall, provided soil and
moisture conditions are suitable, or
good grazing may be had beginning
soon after grain harvest and lasting
until frost. The 3ecret of success
with lespedeza is to get a full stand
early. With a full stand, adverse
conditions are less harmful than with
a thin 3tand.
Soil And Fertilizers
Lespedeza will grow on poor, worn
soils and on soils too sour to grow
clover without the use of lime. On
very sour land lime i3 beneficial, but
except on such soils lime has not
proved necessary. Phosphates have
caused increased yields and should be
used unless the soil is good, in which
case they are not necessary. Mois
ture 3 usually the controlling factor
in growth. While lespedeza, especi
illy Korean, have shown remarkable
ability to live on heavy soils during
periods of severe drought, not much
growth is made. For a growth tall
enough to cut for hay, moisture is
essential. On dry sandy soils lespe
deza may survive, but the growth i:
Lespedeza For Hay
The best crops of hay are secured
on moist bottom lands. On such soils
the difference in growth and yield
between common lespedeza and the
improved varieties is less than on
upland. On bottom land from 2 to A
g tons of hay to the acre may be ex
pected. On good upland the improved
sorts will outyield common lespedeza.
It is generally believed that with a
good stand 4 inches of lespedeza
above the cutter bar will yield 1 ton
of hay per acre. The Kentucky Ag
ricultural Experiment Station says of
Korean that when a good stand is 8
to 9 inches high a ton of hay may be
expected; when 12 to 14 inches, 2
; tons, and when more than 24 inches.
4 tons of hay may be expected. At
any rate, xne yields oi hay are sur
' - -When cut early, that is, before
?i bloom when tall enough to make a ton
-, of hay per acre, and if not cut too
-short, -say 3 to 4 inches from the
around, lesnedeza mnv tw rruutal
f;maice new growth and to make a good
'..A seeed crop in addition to the hay. i
' pedeza is' not more than 15 inches
Jj high. When taller, it is more Btem-
1 . mot ' : writ It a kmi.Ha.
ui .--r. wv lui , hi niirr iiniriiiii n y
To make the best hay lespedeza
shdtfld be cut when in full bloom or
shortly after. , When it is left until
a considerable ' part of the seed i
ripe the resulting hay is, of poorer
grade. Lespedeza contains leBs mots,
ture than alfalfa or red clover, is
co""eiuently more quickly cured, and
C -.field-cored hay contain some
tv' "tumors dry matter than, similar
ly lared 'alfalfa st clover hay, '
! - V.'lien the lespedeza is from 8 to 10
" i 1 "h' cutting- may be dore In
Jit; t' e hay shoul l bo wi'w
drowed soon after being cut
cut, Sd in
good weather it may be hauled. the
barn the next day, t When the lespe
deza is more Jhao 15 inches high it
should lie In the windrow 2 or 8 days.'
Most lespedeza hay 1 consumed aj;
borne or to the neigh wrnooch where
it is produced. No grades for lespe
deza hay have been established, and
there is no general .market. Good
lesnedeza hat falls but little short oi
alfalfa in protein and is eveS ' su
perior in carbohydrate' eontenV: :Ko.
rean lespedeza hay has been used in
Missouri to prepare fat cattle 'for
stock shows and has - given jrood re
sults. Lesptdem For Pasturage
Lespedeza is more widely used for
pasturage than for hay. Throughout
the southeast lespedeza of one vari
ety or another is or should be an in
gredient of every pasture mixture.
Lespedeza is a hot weather plant and
should not be expected to provide
early grazing. In North Carolina
June 1 to 15 is a fair date to expect
early grazing from lespedeza. Ko
rean grows more rapidly in the spring
than other lespedeza, but dies earlier,
so that it is not so good for late
When cattle are graced mostly on
grass pasture it .is advisable to have
a reserve field of lespedeza upon
which the cattle may be turned from
July until frost This will maintain
gains or keep up and even increase
the milk flow while resting the grass.
A good pasture of pure lespedeza
may be expected to reproduce year
after year as long as it is wanted.
This is also generally true of grass
lespedeba pasture. The carrying ca
pacity of a good stand of lespedeza
may be roughly estimated at from 1
to 2 mature cows per acre from June
1 or July 1 to October 15 or frost,
depending on the variety and loca
tion. Timely Questions On
Question: How can lice on dairy
animals be controlled? -
Answer: A two percent solution
of creolin applied with a spray pump
or brush is a fairly effective measure
for control. A second application
should be given- in about ten to four
teen days to kill any lice that hatch
after first application. There are sev
eral standard dip solutions on the
market that are also satisfactory but,
when using them the directions given
should be closely followed.
Question: What green feeds are
available for use in the poultry ration
during the winter months ?
Answer: Where there are no grow
ing crops, cured alfalfa hay, lespedeza
or clover hay make good greens for
winter use. When fed in racks the
birds will eat only the leaves and the
stems can be thrown in the litter.
Alfalfa leaf meal, provided it is green
in color, also makes a satisfactory
green feed but should not constitute
more than ten per cent of the mash.
This meal is much preferred to the
regular alfalfa meal but neither is as
satisfactory as the alfalfa hay fed in
Question: What is the best temper
ature for hot beds in growing early
Answer: For the cool season or
early crops such as cabbage, lettuce,
and onions the day temperature
should be from 60 to 65 degrees.
Warm season crops such as tomatoes,
eggplant and peppers grow best with
a day temperature of 70 to. 75 de
grees. The night temperature should
not drop below 55 to 00 degrees. Care
in ventilation will give air for the
growing plants and will also regu
late the temperature.
Gets State Publicity
Much publicity is given the 'Albe
marle Hospital in Elizabeth City in
the December issue of the Bulletin
of the North Carolina Hospital Asso
ciation. A beautiful picture, of the
hospital appears on the front page of
the Bulletin entitled " . . . f urtherest
east . . .
Editorially a, brief history of the
hospital is given, which has recently
become a member of the association
The Bulletin ia widely distributed
over the State, which should ac
quaint many with the only hospital
in a block of 18 northeastern., comi
ties, and is serving great need
Plan Crop kocajtioas. , ,:
Considerable thought ! going to be
needed Je plauJt3a, crop! rotations so
as io nwom aaraage Trom ehlncb bugs.
It Is not so easy to' plan for the elim
ination or .reduction of acreage iof
the grass crops such as wheat, etta
and-rye. Care; cttn be fhn.' however.
In planning -field arrangenrente so that
these crops are more or leas Isolated
from the cornfields. tf .t!- wheat fields
are separated fromcora-by'vCIda.of
clover, soy bean v potato, or , ether
crops such as sujat' beta Cat bugs
are not likely to. migrate through them
ij we corn.-rriine rz.r-tr, , . '
TERffinUNd Wes&LY' Hertford "N. cy fridXy "January 4,
sir 'SUITABLE tAi;0
'i t : iHVv
-i.f t iJSt l- Vf
x ls hfo ' - mh - - i
THK FAMILY DINNER
fllti family dinner does not rate
aic uu eueoio ieeui. rjere is a eeumg iur H ainillie, two-coUJ80
dinner en famllle. with one wine served throughout. Tho cloth Is ot
hltc Irish linen damask with napkins to mch. The .design Is as
Die as the occasion a scroll over a satin bang, its gleainlnp surface ;
.ts thu candlelight and is a cool complement to tbo cprlnglll- .-j
Motorists Want Stopping Place
Have All Conveniences
The motor tourist no longer is con
tent to pitch himself and family into
any sort of a wayside camp for the
night. He i3 demanding accommoda
tions, conveniences, sanitary arrange
In more prosperous times the tour
ist was content with what offered by
the wayside. For that matter, he
was always prepared to pitch a tent
and look out for himself, even pay
ing a fee for the privilege.
. ..It was during this era that cabins
and inns sprang up by the thousands.
Farmsteads were converted to this
purpose, many of them clean and at
tractive, but offering none of the
comforts to which the city dweller
Now, the Better Housing move
ment of the Federal Housing Ad
ministration provides opportunity for
the modernization of such lodgings.
Grounds can be cleaned up and
landscaped. Walk3 can be repaired
and new ones put in. Extensions
to garages may be made and exist
ing ones repaired.
The interior of the. camp build
ings proper should be overhauled.
Wherever possible, running watet
should be installed, and baths, show
ers and toilets provided. At the end
of a hard day's drive, this is of first
importance to the tired tourist. Then
furniture can be repaired and linen
After everything else has been
done, the entire place, including
fences on the approach to the place,
can be given a coat of paint in at
Study Fertilizer Needs
Before Planting Time
Before planting time, every farmer
should take an inventory of the crops
he intends to raise and determine the
amount and kind of fertilizer needed,
suggests C. B. Williams, head of the
State College agronomy department.
This will enable him to buy or mix
his fertilizer and have it ready be
forehand so as to avoid delays that
might result from waiting until the
fertilizer is needed, he said.
As a guide to the fertilizers needed
Williams has given the following mix
tures for use on one acre of land:
For cotton in the coastal plain area,
500 pounds of a 4-8-4 mixture should
be drilled in just before planting time.
Or the grower may mix h own fer
tiliser from 238 pounds of 16 per cent
superphosphate, 70 pounds of cotton
seed meal, 80 pounds of sulphate of
ammonia and 88 pounds of muriate of
potash. The latter' mixture has the
same fertilizer value as 500 pounds
oi 4-8-4 ready mixed.
- In the Piedmont, he recommends
500 pounds of 4-10-4 to the acre drill
ed in before planting. Or a mixture
of 804 pounds of 16 per cent super
phosphate, 52 pounds of cottonseed
meal, .88 pounds ti sulphate of am
monia, and 88 pounds of muriate' of
otashs ..,'," v, 9
For tobacco, on light and less pro
ductive soils, he recommends 800 lb,
of 8-8-0 per acre -drilled in1 before
planting or a mixture of 888 pounds
of '16 per cent supersulphate, 70 lbs.
of cottonsead t meal, 44 pounds or
animal tankage, 60 pounds of nitrate
of soda, 39 pounds of sulphate of am
fflonfoj 24, pounds of muriate of 'pit
ash, and 134 pounds of sulphatei of,
f ? Oir hc-vy or more .productive soils,
Williams recommends' 800 'pounds of
. 3-'t? 2 ir. ar fixture of -4rS pound of
16 per cr.t superphasjhate, 70 r -3s
U r-"--- r--', 4 r-" 'i ' "i
r.:,3 i . ! t ; i if i ' r f
sloppy service just because there j
soda, 39 pounds of sulphate , of am
monia, 24 pounds of muriate of pot
aash and 134 pounds of sulphate of
Prepare Breeding: Stock
For Hatching: Season
The poultryman who gets his flock
and poultry plant ready for the hatch
ing season will have better succeSs
with his chicks.
A final check should be made to
see that the breeding houses are
clean and protected from extreme
cold and that only healthy, good lay
ing bird3 are left in the breeding
flock, says Roy S. Dearstyne, head of
the poultry department at State
College. " " " " "
Birds that are underweight or have
major disqualifications should be
culled out Since egg size is inherit
ed, it is best to hatch eggs from
birds which lay big eggs.
If the flock is not of high quality,
it will pay the poultryman to get his
hatching egg3 elsewhere from pure
bred birds, Dearstyne says. In some;
cases it would be best for the poul-j
tryman to ouy cnicKs irom a reii-i
able hatchery to start his next year's!
flock. ; !
Plenty of good mash and clean,!
fresh water should be in the breed
ing houses at all times. If the front
is on, a curtain should be placed j
across the opening for use in severe;
weather. The curtain may be raised)
on warm days when the sun is shin-)
The mash should contain one per;
cent of biologically tested cod liver.
oil. A supplementary feeding should;
be given of sprouted oats, sound cab-!
bage, lettuce or collard leaves when
possible. Or a good grade of alfalfa
leaf meal may be substituted if green I
feed is unavailable. 1 1
point chorues the
"cppeorWe of '
.. . So u
- of Uauliful
lMfe avllUr im
- ' ATHEV'S
" 0. M. jUKIY PAINT 0. J
MjtS. BA-YNES DIED BEFORE ,
J THIS ISSUP WAS, PRINT" ED
' X fi y. fi-if X ' A V-
: Since the front page oi thi, issue
of the Perquimans Weekly was print
ed vofd'Wf received that Mrs; David
A Baynes, Jaister of Mr. W, E White,
who had "been in1 a critical condition
in 1 Pitt County, ' died: ' She passed
away Thursday, night at about eight
j'clocki V 'I;.. rM":
Mrs. ' Paynes- . native of Per
quimans County, 1 being the former
Miss Julia :Whitet daughter, of ,the
late Mr. nd Mrs. Darius. ;White.
Surviving aref her husband, D. A.
Baynes, of Columbia, S. C; ope
irother, W.: White, of Hertford,
and two sisters, Mrs.- RV D. Elliott,
lotWeldoa, andr Mrs. Mj,le S.'ElUott,
Funeral services will be held Sat
urday morning at ll.-o'clock. at?.the
home of W. E. White, with interment
being made in " the family plot in
Cedar Wood Cemetery.
Sunday School Gass
Has Christmas Party
The members of the Judson Mem
orial Sunday School class of the
Hertford Baptist:., Church enjoyed
their annual Christmas party given
by the teacher, Mrs. Charles John
son, at her home: on Cavent Garden
street, on Wednesday , afternoon. .
The parlor and library ' were gay
with Christmas decorations .and ' the
brilliantly lighted Christmas tree.
At the suggestion of the teacher,
it was decided that, instead of ex
changing gifts, as is the custom of
the class, to put the money together
and make a donation to the church
building fund. The amount so raised
and donated was $15,05.
Various games were played, after
which a delicious salad course was
Those present Included Misses
Anne Barclift, Virginia Boyde, Bes
sie Copeland, Ellen Chappell, Arny
Lane, Mattie Lou Lane, Hazel Lane,
Lucille Sutton, Gussie Wood, Bennie
Wood, Ruth Jordan, Mattie Catling
White, Dorothy Hoffler, Mrs. William
Boyce, Mrs. Clarence Dail, Mrs. C.
E. Johnson, Mrs. Calvin R. Scott and
Mrs. Thomas Tilley. Visitors includ
ed Mrs. John Broughten, Mrs. G. H.
Parker, Mrs. R. A. Sutton and Master
Bobby Barefoot and Harrell Johnson.
During cold weather the hatching
eggs should be gathered several
times a day, since excessive chilling
tends to reduce their hatchability.
The-eggs should be stored in a dry
place where the .temperature remains
between 40 and CO degrees.
Fi-esh Flowers - Right Prices - Quick Service
Mrs. W.E. White, Agent
Mildreds Florist Shoppe
1 Elizabeth City, N. C."
Day.Phone 88 -:-
How perfectly f
just- think, how
. . as .
U ecnnomiccM i oo
' 1 astj fc keepdeort
with soapond water
k fo color ud.
)R ClflSS ' t
i : 'jl.'j -
S:rf H h rl r '
' I! k-l! ai;i
C, 'Ml "eY ;
4 ' JT
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biriMMteut cotar. . r lif
EMBEZZLETL ISJSI lk
rU r-'ATQ ILLICIT LOV I
Wagesof Crim-IaDou!;!?CII :
tm.v r' f vr
, Chicago. It required only ten dayt
for , an attractive, . forty-two-year-oia
lias'I'aur Davidson, that; illicit Kk
mance 1b a flellon and snare, an'- s
that the wagea of crlnie is th unubto, ,
cross. . ,
Smith, who Is iorty years, old, Ile4
from New York 1 with- tte. Brunette -
Dorothy Ralney, and I35.01W .belpnglna;
to the Long' Island railroad, for,tfhIch,
he 'was cashier in ma, rwwfwuf
station. Behind him Smith leffhlf '
wife and two children, , - r
The fugitives came to Chicago. JThef
disappeared. Later officials; Of tbe Lonf ,-,
Island railrond received a Jetfe?; ffQUJ
Smith. It contained a confession o
Jils crime. . ,
Woman Departs Wllb I2IM99 '
In substance, Smith declared that h -
Mrs. Ralney had Uyed, togethet a
and Mrsv Paul Davidson,' In thfi
Barry" apartments for, tea days, hen,
he said.- Mrs. Ralney left blm. taking
'$25,000 ha had entrusted ,to her. The
railroad company could .send thelnrep
resantatlye? to three -W'e tePWt
Vaults i In Chicago, rented, under the
name of Davidson, and get back, nearly
$0,000, he wrote. 1 Ki
"I have been double crossed, he add
ed. "I have made a inessof :Hblrigf.
Now l am setting out for Niagara1 falls,
and when I get there 1 am going to .
Jump' .ln the gorge" - -
The' fetter was sent to the flnltertoo
Detective nftency In Chicago,, andthe
'aid of the police was enltsjted In
search, for the couple, and In pfirtco r
lnr for Mra. Ralney. . Detective Edward
Doley and Donald Conklpy wereas-:
signed to visit the Barry apartments.
There they found William T; Barry,
the owner. " ?'
Barry Remembers Tham, ' A
"Yes," he snld, "I remember them.
Mrs. Davidson did all the talking and
transacted nil the business.' She tras
very shrewd. Said her husband was
under treatment for a nervous break
down. She paid cash down for six
montlis' rent, but only on the. agree.
jnent.that we'd. take jW a month less
than we haTfiskedr"" " ; ' "
"Davidson stayed In his room all
the time and drank a lot"
In .New York It was learned that
SmltbV before he fled had sent WW
in paper wrapped packages -to his ret .
ntlh-es. The relatives, puaated.' as to
the source of the .fpnds, took; the pAck
nires to the police, and Investigation
Night Phone 100-J'l
- v V it-. ; j'