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0 / 75
THE PERQUIMANS WEEKLY, HERTFORD, N. C, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1935.
Glanciiig At . . . .
The General Assembly
Raleigh, Feb. 18. The Legislature
hasn't yet gotten down to grips with
its- major problem, that of providing
revenue to run the State for the next
two years, "beginning next July 1st.
Many a headache will be developed
before the'legislators get the revenue
bill out of the way. It is still in
committee, tut is expected to be re
ported out most any time now. Then
the House will go into committee ol
the whole, and for days the bill will
be debated. Then it will go hefore
the House for formal adoption. Then
to the Senate. Already many legis
lators are wondering if they will be
in Raleigh until May.
Just as the joint finance committee
thought it was ready to report its bill
to the House, it received the Mc-Donald-Lumpkin
which proposes to raise $12,361,094
to take the place of the $8,780,000
the sales tax is supposed to raise.
This will necessitate a re-examination
of the revenue bill. In view of the
need for more funds to provide
twentv-ndd millions needed for
schools, the committee wants to look
-into the substitute with a view to
making additions to its bill, even if
its sales tax feature is retained. Dr.
R. W. McDonald, a former member
of the Sale College faculty, had been
in conference with numerous Brain
Trusters. The committee was lm
nresnoH with the seriousness with
which . he and his conferees went
about their job.
While the McDonald-Lumpkin sub
stitute proposes to eliminate the
sales tax. it would take in a wide
sweep of territory. For instance, its
one-fourth of one percent, license tax
on merchants and its franchise tax
provisions would hit the merchants
without their being able to pass on
the tax as they do under the Sales
tax, and for that reason the measure
is beinir used as an argument against
the contentions of the merchants that
the sales tax is iniquitous. Governoi
Ehringhaus was prompt to accept the
challenge, declaring that some forir
of sales tax is inevitable. As a mat
ter of fact the sponsors of the new
hill haven't irotten away from the
sales tax, but they made some head
submit the revamped Constitution
prepared by a Commission last year.
The Legislature is going to be
more careful about tabling bills with
out discussing in the future. The
photographers of the State prepared
bill setting up standards, held r
convention, discussed it, and ther
had the bill introduced. Capt. A. C
Clement, of Goldsboro, a high-minded
man, elected president of the asso
ciation, went to the House to hen
the bill discussed. Instead of dis
cussing it, the House voted to table i!
He was so shocked that he sufferer1
a heart attack and came near to dy
ing on the floor of the House. Repent.
ant legislators later called the bil
back. Hereafter they will be mori
considerate of bills.
Under the franchise tax provisions
the corporations would pay more tax
under the McDonald-LumpKin dhi
hut its snonsors contend that they
Btni nav less than they did
Drior to the removal of the State ad
valorem tax in l3i. ine om sini
into new territory in its license taxe
on chain service stations and its ten
per cent, levy on revenue of theatre
of a thousand dollars i
month. It increases occupational
taxes also as well as putting a tax
nf six -oer cent, on the dividends paid
by corporations . and increasing the
taxes on insurance companies.
As is usually the case, the Senate
further along with its busines'
than is the House. It has already
passed a statute regulating the driv
ing of automobiles, it has voted t
provide a three million dollar emer
gency fund for highways, it has
passed a bill giving sheriffs the right
to make arrests of felons in othei
counties than their own, it passed
numerous other statutes, that have
have not yet even been called up in
the House. One reason for its more
speedy action is its smallness.
Another is it has more veterans.
m Hat!..., mmmnmatom 4amtM$m
rwm 1 -1 Tr.rnt11rl -rr" 'liiitiw -im 1 1
The Hill State alcohol control bill
is due to come up this week, and the
Palmer beer bill is expected to be re
ported out. There is so far no great
interest in either bill. The Legisla
ture may possibly increase the alco
holic content of beer but it is doubt
ful. There is now little likelihood
that it will submit a prohibition re
ferendum to the voters.
For Growing Cotton
MOST cotton and corn growers in
tho Qraifh will tha
ords made last season by Mr. A. P.
Johns of Toccoa, Georgia, pictured
above. On an acre, of cotton 1 1-16
staple, be obtained a yield of 1,276
lbs. of lint and 3,394 of seed. The
mult was a net gain of $16538 on
On his cotton, Mr. Johns used'
400 lbs. of a 4-10-4 fertilizer at
planting and side-dressed with
100 lbs. of American nitrate of soda,
With the same application on an
acre of corn, he made 159 bu. of
Hastings Prolific at a net gain of
Both demonstrations were con
ducted under the supervision of the
American Cotton Association and
Better Farming Campaign. Col.
Harvie Jordan, Managing Director
of the Association said that all of
the Association's results last sea
son prove the value of intensive
culture. "There are two things I'm
sure of," Col. Jordan remarked.
And they are that we Southerners
have to adopt intensive culture In
the field and have to support our
home industries. When I look at a
result like this, made with our own
Southern nitrate of soda, I think
we have a combination the whole
world can't beat."
supply that there would not be
enough to plant the needed grass
and legumes for 1935.
The drouth did reduce the supply,
he adds, but not enough to cause a
shortage which would prevent farm
ers from sowing the pasturage, soil
building, and hay crops they should
Although the supply of timothy,
forage sorghums, millet, Sudan grass,
and alsike and red clover is lower
than usual, Dean Schaub points out,
there is a sufficiency of lespedeza and
other legume and grass seed.
Importations of seed from foreign
countries is relieving the slight
shortage in millet, Sudan grass, and
a variety of timothy suitable to
northern states, the Dean says, am!
there will be enough of these for the
t935 sowing, he is informed.
The rise in seed prices should not
materially affect those farmers who
will have to buy seed, he observes, if
they prepare their seed beds care
fully and distribute the seed evenly
so there will be no waste.
The need for more and better pas
tures and for soil-building crops,
particularly on land retired from the
cultivation of other commodities, i
such that the agricultural extensior
service is advocating all farmers 1
plant legumes and grasses wherever
"I hear Fred's on the football team."
"Yes, he's out out c!gnrittes and la
carrying his honvlest pipe around."
"Yes, the two midgets are going to
be married. She calls him the apple
of her eye."
"H'm, I suppose tlii-y'll soon be a
Lost 20 Lbs. of FAT
In Just 4 Weeks
PATRONIZE OUR ADVERTISERS!
A St. Louis, Mo., lady wrote: "I'm
only 28 years old and weighed 170
lbs. until taking one box of your
Kruschen Salts just 4 week3 ago. I
now weigh 150 lbs. I also have more
energy and furthermore I've never
had a hungry moment."
Fat folks should take one-half tea
spoonful of Kruschen Salts in a glass
of hot water every morning before
breakfast a quarter pound jar lasts
4 weeks you can get Kruschen at
Anderson's Drug Store or any drug
store in America. If not joyfully sat.
isfied after the first bottle money
Says Seed Shortage
Is Not So Severe
The program for growing more
legumes and building better pastures
should not be handicapped by a
shortage of seed this year, according
to a recent survey by the U. S. De
partment of Agriculture, says Dean
I. O. Schaub, of State College.
It has been rumored, the Dean says
that the severe drouth in the mid-
West last year so reduced the seed
LUKE RILEY SAYS THE RATS DIE
BEFORE REACHING THE RIVER
Since moving near the river several years ago we've always used
BEST-YET. We watched the vicious water rats nibbling at BEST
YET, outside the house. About 15 minutes later they darted off for
the river to cool their burning stomachs, but died before reaching it.
Kills rats and mice only. Will not hurt cats, dogs or chickens, and
there is no smell from the dead rat. BEST-YET comes in two sizes,
2 oz. size 25c, 5 oz. size 5()c. Sold and guaranteed by J. C. Blanchard
& Co., and Reed & Felton.
So much has been said about fran
rhise taxes that some members
the Legislature asekd for an explana.
tion. They were told that a irancms
tax is a tax for the right of doing
business. It is based on the amount
of business done, but it gets away
from the idea of income. It is in fact
a substitute for an income tax, and
this form is made necessary if furth
er increases are made by reason of
the fact that the State Constitution
limits income taxes to six per cent.
Franchise taxes are already levied in
North Carolina, and the substitute
proposes only to increase them. The
same device is used in New York anC
other states, and has been upheld bj
the Supreme Court of the United
States. The idea of the franchise
t.T is the same as that behind the
income tax to get the money where
the money is.
While the McDonald-Lumpkin re
bill nrovoked much discussion,
the finance committee giving it se
rious consideration, it does not follow
tf,t it will be adopted by the ijegis
latum. There will be modifications
in the Administration bill; but the
Amotion of the substitute will be to
nrovide means of chinking the holes
tjthe appropriations bill. The ap
propriations committee has voted to
iv the University the increase of
$300,000 asked for, the committee is
committed to , a k proposition for in
creasing teachers' salaries, and there
is a movement on in the Legislature
ta rive an increase of 15 per cent, in
wages paid workers. , All. j? . heBe
Wreases mean that more revenue
must be provided., '
While the LegislatureMs getting
t . - U(n m hllflrilft All T.nP
reaay w gu iuw , m
mmtatiiia and annrovriauona DuiStf u is
also , getting proposals to submit
.woTirimnTitaito the State Constitu-
. these would permit
rlroDOsai was deieat-
Et in 142& - Another
efttiiti'nTiftl Amendment on the way
to the Legislature would give the
-aiai Aanftmhlv Authority to reno
vate the court system of the State.
There will be others, but so far mere
v..:ii1aium1 little sentiment4 lr
favor of reviving the pjoposal to
Five factors essential to the profit
able production of cotton have been
outlined by C. B. Williams, head of
the State College agronomy depart
ment, as follows:
Use of a suitable crop rotation in
which adapted legumes are grown
and, after growth are used to build
up the supplies of organic matter
and nitrogen in the soil.
Following the best mehods of
breaking and preparing the land, of
planting the seed, of spacing the
plants, and of cultivating the crop.
Planting only those varieties and
strains which have been established
as best suited .for growing in the
community where the farm is located
Selecting for cotton production only
those soils on the farm which are
best adapted for producing high yields
and good quality.
Using the type of fertilizer needed
to make each particular type of so
produce large quantities of the best
The important issue before North
Carolina farmers is not the use of fer
tilizer but the selection of the right
mixtures, Williams said, since each
soil must be supplied with the nutri
ents which it lacks in sufficient
On a general average, soils in the
Piedmont section should be treatc
with 50 pounds of 4-10-4 to the acre
and soils in the coastal plain area
should receive 500 pounds of 4-8-4
per acre, Williams pointed out.
However, he cautioned, each sou
is a problem by itself and the correct
fertilizer mixture best suited for an
individual farm should be ascertained
from research data available.
i tion." One., oi
' , purposes. : This
v. A at fhft nnll
Amount To Huge Sum
North Carolina farmers who are
participating in the crop adjustment
programs have received a total of
$13,141,978.98 in rental and benefit
These payments include all checks
disbursed from the beginning of the
Agricultural Adjustment Administra
tion in 1933 up to December 31, 1934,
according to Dean I. O. Schaub, of
However, the figure above does not
include ail the payments due the
growers for their part in the 1934
program; the dean says, since some of
the payments are still being made.
Cotton growers received the largest
amount of the total payments, having
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"l' "Did 'you, get that recipe on how to
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HERTFORD, N. C.
9 PflHMHRliiHHMRaRSaR -
A i fit HI 1. "
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