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0 / 75
THE PERQUIMANS WEEKLY,; HERTFORD, N. C, FRIDAY, JUNE 28, 1935
"" -i - n"nnrinr irrn- -i-rri-"-)- inn n rir i nnn arm Vfr i ji j un.ni i
Blakemore Variety .Firmly Established
In Carolina Strawberry Belt
By GUY A. CARDWELL
Agricrittiral and Industrial Agent
Atlantic Coast One Railroad Co.
The Blackmore Otrawherry was
first tested at the Coastal Plain
Station near Willard, N. C. in 1928.
In the seven years since it has suc
ceeded each year in a wider region
of the country and the commercial
success of the variety has fully just
ified its introduction. The U. S. De
partment of Agriculture and the
North Carolina State Department of
Agriculture both recommend it as
the best variety for North Carolina
except possibly in a small region
rences. " When the variety was intra
duced it was stated that it was very
vigorous, made plants freely, and
that care should be taken to avoid
having too many plants crowded to
gether in the row. The Coastal Plain
Station at Willard mailed with each
1 otof plants sent out a circular stat
ing that the variety responded excel
lently to the hill system of culture in
contrast to the matted row system
Although the varietv has rjroven Nevertheless, because the matted row
so successful generally, it has failed l?atf bem so. generally prac-v-
. faced in eastern North Carolina the
.c UH ox cenam growers, ana growers hftVe not al heeded this
" ,beieVCd. th'8 !"ay be, d.ue advice. As a result they have had
ux uiiuersianiung 01 tne 8mall nW. -mwH trnwrtW. nr.m-
to a lack
variety and its difference from other
varieties previously grown rather
than to local soil of climatic diffe
Fren Id screen play by W. . tlpicemb
20th CENTUIV NCTUK
tw thre Unltti Arliila
WHAT HAS GONE BEFORE
,J J J tan Vol jean, fugitive from the
french authorttte and on J avert in
particular, plan to escape once and
for all to England. Hit plant are in
terrupted by a ttudentr law reform
revolt which eweept over the entire
cuy. He attempt, to rescue it ring
leader, young Marine, in love with
hit ward, Cotette. J avert appeart on
the tcene, deeidet Jean it th "man
.Jdgktt up," tenret hit opportunity to
ntfut u previous nwmnacion ana
. go eater him with a vengeance.
Frej at Last
Jean and Bponine come out. The;
are in the light for a brief second
as they look around cautiously. Ja
vert has the house spotted from an
"Valjean!" To a gendarme, "Come
on follow that's the man I want."
As they start off, two students
fighting with a gendarme emerge
from a doorway. Instinctively the
gendarme with Javert stops to aid
his comrade and Javert goes on
Through narrow streets around
dark corners and then up a dozen or
so stone steps rush Jean and Epo
nine. "Quick! He's following us get
np the stairs we're there!" gasps
Jnvert arrives just as they disao-
ear into the building. He fires with
command to Stop!'
;.f The street where Marius and his
(ompaoions are barricaded is a blind
ney. a house nearby is afire and
ver the barricade of doors, paving
Jean batters through the steel gate
that bars them from the river and
they pass through.
Through dark alleys they wind
their way back to Jean's house in
the Rue Druond. Cosette, on her
knees before a small altar, rises and
comes forward to Marius eagerly.
For a moment it looks as though she
has forgotten everything Jean has
Jean closes the door on them and
backs into the hall. He senses the
presence of another person.
"Javert! You're here, I know it
where are you!"
A shadowy form moves and Javert
steps out into the light
"I'm ready. All I ask is a few
moments to say goodbye."
"The law allows you nothing.'
Jean raises his head to Javert, a
face so agonized helpless and hope
less that even Javert is moved. He
nods slowly. He knows this man
has saved his life but still he can't
"It's not I it's the law that wants
you the law. 1 can't help myself."
(ashamed of his weakness) "Go
ahead, I'll wait."
Jean goes in. "Cosette, I've come
to say goodbye. It has to be thero
are reasons. My dear, what little I
could do I have done in my poor,
stupid way I have tried to do what
I could. Now I give her to you (to
Marius) let her be as precious to
you as she has been to me. Look
after him, Cosette. Look after her."
His face is bathed in perspiration
from the struggle going on within
him. He turns, looks back and takes
down the two candlesticks which he
has kept with him all this time.
Keep these always. He fingers
them. "Silver, they say but more
than gold to me."
Cosette kisses bim and clings to
Ewmm liii SSW tt . i .. i... ... lL
Jan pulU Mariu through th manhol into the ttwert
stones, etc., the defenders are firing.
one by one. Wounded are strewn
about the streets.
Javert is caught in the dead-end
passage when a student steps behind
Dim. Joined Oy others, breathless,
uisneveuea, iney oar tne way.
"Police! Spy!" is the warnine crv.
"Spy, possibly; police, certainly,"
is javert s cairn reply.
"Ha! We've got one of them. The
guillotine will run here and now!"
shouts one, lingering a wicked-look
"Let me. This man has persecuted
me for ten years he's mine!" - It's
Jean's voice. -
"Do it then!" The knife is thrust
into his hand.
"I'll do it as it was done in the
valleys tne pistol in the mouth."
W" Cries in the distance attract the
Others ana tfley rush off, leaving
Jean and Javert alone, v Jean tarns
to his old enemy, his thoughts flood
ed wun revenge, .r ...
"Now, Javert, the hunt ends.".
"End it then.'A ';.. .
"It bad to be one of us. Yon
hounded me; you pursued ' me it's
you who drive me to this you and
your iaw m.
"Do your part I've done mine;
I stand by everything Tve done. I
Mice wnar, comes."
'v Jean can't bring himself to do it
There is a terrific struggle going on
within him. He shakes his head.
"Go, before the others do what 1
can't :---.;.. fv '
"Yon fool, yon know wbatU hap
pen. I shall take yen' in the end.
. You know I. will yon know I mast
I can't help, myself I am what I
am." ...w.-w i,,.-
;;ii,"I take what comes? .o?Tr;?
Jean remains looking after Javert
then fires" the pistol into the air. He
returns to the barricade.. Eponine
tries to pull him down from bis ex
posed position and herself falls deadi
Mounted gendarmes begin to at
tack with drawn sabres. ' There is a
. scrimmage. ' Marius it felled with a
Wow ori the bead.; Jean pulls bim
. down through a. half -open manhole
into. the sewers, picks up the uncon
sdous boy and staggers along down
; the tunnel in water up to his knees.
; Marius tomes -to-enough to nod to
Jean and; flounder along iiimself.
fl ;tp'; -.. ..;. ..t ;,. l''.'"..-.-' ,.:. ; ;..'...;'--' .
him, overcome with emotion. He
moves over to Marius with her.
"Love each other there's scarcely
anything more in the world but that.
Remember, as was once told me
Life is to give, not to take. ' What
I give take, and give again."
The door clicks and he is gone. It
is over. He has given up Cosette
and now he has to face the other
the galleys. He tries to move to tho
door to the street, but his strength
cracks and he drops to one knee.
"Father of all I've done what I
could take what You will I've
given all I can I'm ready!"
With a great effort he rises and
marches towards the open doorway
to the "street, bis hands in front of
him, his wrists drawn together to re
ceive Javert's handcuffs, his eyes
half-closed, repeating; in a whisper
the word "Oive!" , ; v
But there is no Javert. The' moon
lit street beyond is empty. To Jean
it is unbelievable Javert is gone.
He has left bim. , We can almost
hear the voice of the old bishop over
the Scene. "Well done, m ann. Wall
done!", - '
His eyes go up to the heavens
to the voice bis face lights on with
a smile as if the whole soul were
lifted at last be is free. , . .
Excited erie nf -"rtnwn !.. t-
Down here! Hurry!'' snap bim out
of his trance. ,, Through a , narrow
opening in the street opposite is an
alley leading to the river.;. Thero is ,
a :, small' crowd gathered others are ;
eemiBf np.--.--'-;.;v .-',..-,,'-,,H-;' :,;:;;.,';; J
' Jean Bulla Mmaalf invthar 'n4 4'
if drawn by magnet races to tho
scene. -!.- . - m.: .- - T.,-;v
- "What ia a.V:M'im:f:- 1
.j"Suicide-Hmnst beC3'v' '
, 'I tried to stop blmadds i an- 1
away 'and jumpei ln-rThe, river's in " I
-A. gendarme takes it 'and innba t '
oveft Jean -immediately recognizes "
it as Javert's, He turns and looks
at-the river. The water is swirling
past -., He now realises thai Javert
has left him for good. He is free,
indeed-free to go back o Cosette
and Marius. ' - r-
peting for sustenance, and yielding
accordingly a small crop of under
sized berries which tend to be soft
and to decay under the dense foilage.
The largest yields of Missionary
seem to come from the matted row
system, but with the Blackmore the
plants must be kept well separated
and distributed in the row if it is to
be successfully grown.
The Blackmore strawberry origi
nated from a cross of Missionary X.
Howard 17 (Premier) made in 1923
at the United States Plant Field
Station, near Glenn Dale, Md. Be
cause the results of tests have so far
shown many points of superiority
and no weaknesses as compared with
the Missionary it is recommended
for growing in the eastern North
The Blackmore has succeeded un
der a wide range of field conditions.
It has been grown on a clay and on
a sandy loam in North Carolina. It
may not succeed well on the light
est sandy loam in both New Jersey
and Maryland and on rather light,
medium, and fine sandy loams in
North Carolina. It may not succeed
well on the lightest sandy loams, but
it has grown well on other soil types.
The value of a new variety may be
most readily estimated by compan
son with the standard variety or
varieties of any section. Hence, in
this article the characteristics of the
Blackmore are compared with those
of the Missionary and to some extent
with those of the Klondike.
The plants are somewhat more, vi-
gorour than those of the Missionary
with foilage as resistant to leaf spots.
The common leaf sometimes occurs
on this variety but not usually has it
been serious, while the Variety is very
resistant to leaf scorch which is so
serious on the Klondike and at the
end of the picking season is some
times serious on the Missionary. Dr.
George M. Darrow, Senior Pomolo
gist, United States Department of
Agriculture, warns that new plant
ings should be set from fields which
were carefully rogued the previous
year for the yellow plant. The ro
gueing should be done during May
and June in newly set fields so that
just as far as possible the new plant
ings be set from fields without any
of the disease. Apparently there is
a small percentage of plants which
sports to the yellow plant each year.
and if there is an accumulation of
the yellow plant it may become se
rious. Runners are produced fully
as treely as by the Missionary. The
blossoms are perfect, the sta ens
containing more pollen than those of
the Missionary. Neither this variety
nor Missionary produces stamens an l
pollen as freely at the beginning nf
the blossoming season as does the
In North Carolina the Blackmore
is earlier than the Missionary, in
1929 being four to six days earlier.
It is also a little earlier than the
Klondike. Under conditions so far
tested in the Carolina section it has
been somewhat more productive than
the Missionary and much more pro
ductive than the Klondike. The ber
ries are bluntly conic, not long conic
like the berries of the Missionary un
der some conditions. Moreover, the
berries color on the underside better
than either Missionary or Klondike
(Tie berries are a bright light red,
which does not change on holding,
as do the Missionary and Klondike
colors. Because of this its color is
much more attractive in the market
than is that of either the Missionary
or Klondike, especially after the ber
ries have been held several days. The
berries are much firmer, and the skin
is not as easily broken as is that of
the Missionary or Klondike and
Blackmore berries do not shrivel on
standing as do the Klondike and Mis
sionary berries. ' Because of its firm
flesh and relatively tough skin the
Blackmore has proved considerably
superior as a marke- variety. It is
easier to pick and to cap than most
varieties. The seeds are slightly
smaller and usually closer together
than those of common varieties. It
is an acid berry of the Missionary
and Klondike type, though not as
acid as the Klondike; it has a higher
pectin content thanvatandard vanties
and it has a better dessert quality
than, the Missionary and Klondike.
Its easy picking and capping quali
ties, its bright light red color, tough
skin, and firm flesh, -solid center, aci
dity,, high pectin content, and excel
lent; flavor make it very desirable
for preserving:. , ,.-'.
Under conditions so far tested the
berries' 'are larger than those of the
Missionary or .Klondike, although un
der 'some? conditions" they probably
will not averagejas large as the lat
technical Description Of The Fruit
- Form5 a slightly 'blunted conic with
broad shoulder, and a slight neck,
size medium, pubescence on pedicels
ascending, ' 'calyx reflexed,,. medium
size; apex ripens uniformity; surface
slightly glossy; color bright lightred;
seeds yellow or ereenish vellow:
small,, even with surface; flesh light
red, texture tender, firm, rarely with
cavity, juicy; shipping quality excel
lent; flavor acid, aromatic; dessert
quality slightly better than Missio
nary. Season slightly before Miss
ionary in North Carolina.
The information in this article was
culled from Circular No. 93, Septem
ber 1929, United States Department
of Apnculture "The Blackmore
Strawberry" and from The Bulletin
of the North Carolina Department
of Agriculture, March, 1934; "The
Culture and Handling of the Black-
more Strawberry." Nothing in this
article should be contrued as a re
commendation that growers of the
Klondike variety in the Chadbourn
section would find it profitable to
switch to the Blackmore. Chadboum
has lor years been recognized as a
Klondike berry growing center and
the buyers who have been coming to
this market year after year for more
than a quarter of a centum come to
buy Klondike berries and usually pay
a premium for this variety. How
ever, on the Wallace market during
the 1935 season, Blackmore straw
berries, according to Government
market reports, brought from 25 to
50 cents per crate premium over
Missionary berries, day after day,
during the season.
Timely Questions On
Question: Is the appearance of
poultry mash any index as to the
Answer: No. The value of poul
try mash cannot be determined by
the appearance of texture. At one
time it was believed that a finely
ground mash was more easily digest
ed but experience has shown that,
in some cases, the regrinding is done
to hide inferiority in quality. Cer
tain mash ingredients, such as wheat
bran should not be ground too fine.
The flakes of bran in the mixture
tends to produce bulkiness which aids
digestion. Check carefully on the in
gredients and see that sufficient bulk
iness is allowed.
Question: When should alfalfa be
Answer: Cultivation is often of
very little value except under certain
conditions. When the stand is thin
and crab grass comes in late in the
summer, the crop may be cultivated
during July or August. This will
destroy much of the grass. If any
cultivation is done it should be made
immediately after a cutting. A
spring-tooth alfalfa harrow is the
best implement for this work. In no
case should a disc harrow be used as
it splits the crown and renders the
plants more susceptible to diseases
Question: What size can is best
for putting up fruits and vegetables
for home use?
Answer: The number two or
three is the size most generally used
for home canning. Only experienced
canners should use the No. 10 cans
as it is difficult to sterilize so large
filled container. Corn, squash,
peas, or pumpkin should never be
HOOIT GIBSON, daredevil
hero of twenty million fans, who
will be seen in "Sunset Range"
at the Taylor Theatre, Edenton,
Eighty-four thousand tomato
plants are being distributed to Hay
wood County farmers who signed
contracts to produce tomatoes for the
Haywood County Mutual Canning
put up in a No. 10 caii. Where one
has the necessary experience, string
beans, tomatoes, soup mixtures,
peaches, pears, and blackberries may
be successfully canned in these large
m (i i;i aaiD eass m;q:i ay oyv & iijhseh
HEP HaBBBEOBffifflBBB mfflimi
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L, N. Hollowell, President
Hertford, N. C.
J. r ' - r w -M
E. H. Butler, Sec. & Treas.
I t',i 1th