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: ' ,." .: ..- : -..V' . -
A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER DEVOTED TO THE UPBUILDING OF HERTFORD AND PERQUIMANS COUNTY
-Volume III Number 2.
Hertford, Perquimans County, North Carolina, Friday, January 10, 1936.
$1.25 Per Year
Death AAA Worries
Enlarge Unit Public
Welfare For County
HERTFORD P.O. IS
TO SECOND CLASS
Local Office Placed In
THird Gass During
Over $75,000 Was Re
ceived Locally Under
Plan In Year
HOPE FOR BEST
Farmers Unwilling to
Return to Former
After the great crop control pro
gram had been in operation for two
.and a half years, with more than a
billion and two million dollars having
been paid to the fanners of the Unit
ed States for crop reduction, the
Supreme Court of the United States
on Monday handed down the decision
that the Agricultural Adjustment Act
V. While the immediate effects of the
'decision of the Supreme Courtwere
such that the leaders of the AAA
were stunned by the over-throw of
the great plan for the relief of the
farmers of the nation, the reaction
everywhere was that some substitute
must be found and that there must be
rome way provided for a substitute
Dean I. 0. Schaub, of the Agricul
tural Extension Department of State
College, was quoted as saying "we
are faced with a serious situation,"
further remarking that the people
would not ha. willing to go back to
the same situation which prevailed
prior to 1933. It will, he is quoted
as saying, mean unlimited production,
and five-cent cotton and eight-cent
tobacco. " '
"A way must and can be found"
was the declaration of member after
member of the North Carolina dele
gation in Congress when the an
nouncement was made on Monday of
the Supreme Court's decision.
While L. W. Anderson, County
Agent of Perauimans. who has had
charge of the crop control program
of the county, and W. E. White, as
sistant to the Cotton Administrator,
both received telegrams on Tuesday
morning instructing them to cease all
operations in connection with the
crop control situation, many local
people expressed the opinion that
some measures would be taken by the
government to carry on some kind of
a crop adjustment program.
Six of the members of the Supreme
Court voted that the Agricultural
Adjustment Act is unconstitutional,
while the other three dissented. The
dissenting members were Justice
Stone, Justice Brandeis and Justice
During the two and a half years in
which the AAA program was in ef
fect the price of farm products had
Increased greatly. The value of the
crops in North Carolina,' exclusive of
livestock, rose from f 98,000,000 in
1932 to $262,000,000 in 1934.
The commodities which more gen
erally affected the people of Perqui
mans were cotton, peanuts, corn and
In a report made to the Bdard of
County Commissioners on Monday
by L. W. Anderson, County Agent, it
was shown -that $75,143.02 was paid
to the fanners of Perquimans from
December 1, 1934 to December 1,
1935, in. rentals and parity payments,
which included , cotton contract, pea
nut contract and corn-hog-contracts.
Of these the latter was in the minor-'
ity, as cotton and peanuts rank first
among the crops grown in , this
county, w. -
was the first member of either branch
of Congress to take. fte,flop;after
the ' decision 'Of the hroreine Court
was handed down : on Monday.- His
remarks as officially reported follow:
Mr. Warrenrl ; "Mr. Speaker, the
Supreme Court of the United States
has just handed down Its opinion de
claring the Agricultural Adjustment
Act to be unconstitutional (ap
plause). I would like : for it., to be
nA that the annlanse- ' comes en
tirely from" the Republican ; aide of
the Hou8e.---;;5r:;'?: Wt'ry"-:
This decision of the Court will be
received : 4wjth consternation ?.and
amazement by '.;' millions of farmers
throughout this Jand who have, been
benefitted by the: first; constructive
program' that any Congress ;or any
administration has lever proposed' in
their behalf (applause). It comes to
them as sickening and deadly blow.
tTOAiraniiAMi : !hf v Court v oninions.
Mrt .Speaker; ? I beeve i here l Irt
enough ' members , oi tne present
Congress who are ; so deeply inter?
ested in the welfare of the Amreican
farmer, , that : they win keep this
Congress in session ontil Christmas,
if necessary, ; to write upon the sta-
Checks Will Be Paid
A notice was issued by the sec
retary of the treasury of the
United States on Tuesday that all
outstanding checks of the AAA
will be paid. For the most part,
these checks were cashed very
shortly after they were distributed
but there are still a number still
not presented for payment.
For New Rose Store
Workmen are engaged in making
over the store formerly occupied by
the Grocery Sales Company and own
ed by Mrs. J. H. Towe, Sr., which
will be occupied by Rose's Five, Ten
and Twenty-five Cent Store.
The Rose people, with eighty stores
in five southern states, have leased
the building from Mrs. Towe and
have their crew of mechanics at work
there. In addition to considerable
repairing, which will probably in
clude re-roofing the building and other
major repairs, the front will be
changed, with specially arranged
show windows, and other improve
ments will be made.
It will probably be several weeks
before the building will be in condi
tion for the store to open.
Negro Murderer Is
Caught In Perquimans
George Riddick. colored, wanted in
Virginia for a double murder, was
located near Okisko this week but
when Pasquotank officers went to
maxe an investigation he disappeared
in the woods. Sheriff Winslow win
notified on Tuesday afternoon that
tne man was probably hiding in the
woods or swarm) on this side nf the
line between the two counties of Per
quimans and Pasquotank. He de
putized four men and conducted a
search. The fugitive was captured
by Pasquotank officers late that
night, and turned over to Virginia
Riddick is said to have murdered
a colored woman and a man near
Virginia Beach five months ago, and
for most of that time has been living
near Okisko without suspicion on the
part of the people of the community.
List Processing Tax
Dropped By Ruling
Processing taxes killed bv Mon
day's decision of the Snnreme Court
that the Agricultural Adjustment Act
was unconstitutional ' included the
Wheat, So cents per bushel;
Cotton, 4.2 cents per pound;
Corn, 5 cents per bushel;
Hogs, $2.25 per hundredweight;
Rye, 30 cents per bushel.
Tobacco, varied by types from
$1.98 cents on flue cured to 3.5 cents
a pound on burley.
Sugar, V cent a pound;
Peanuts, 1 cent per pound;
Local Democrats At
Jackson Day Dinner
Several car-loads "of- local Demo
crats journeyed to Elisabeth, pity on
Wednesday night to attend : the Jack
son 'Day .dinner held , at the Virginia
Dare: ItotetiS.af :'
rate books legislation that will repair
this damage. The farmers, of .the
nation will never return to the eco
nomic slavery that existed prior to
'' While the. supporters of the AAA
program , were attempting to devise
plans by which the efforts already
put forth for the benefit of the farm
re would not be wasted, the textile
manufacturers . irere, on the' whole,
said to have been 'pleased with the
situation and determined not to let
the'price 'of i their product, decline,
even though the processing- tax was
removed byvthe court's indecision.
Thomas H. Webb, of Concord, pres
ident, of the American, Cpttoh, Manu
facturers Association, - expressed -the
hope that "not a single cotton mill in
America will cut prices as a Tesult of
Other big ;mill men; took the same
What the result will be in' the" way
of y: price changes of manufactured
goods or raw productes only time will
Lines Likely Built to
And New Hope
Plan Up For Discussion
At Whiteston Next
That the rural electrification plan
will result in electric current being
supplied to at least two, and probably
three, of the rural sections of Per
quimans is indicated.
Chapanoke residents will probably
have a line extended to that neigh
borhood in the near future, and it is
highly probable that Belvidere resi
dents will receive this benefit some
time during the summer. New Hope,
also, will probably secure a line to
At a meeting held at the court
house on Wednesday morning, attend
ed by some seventy interested per
sons, D. E. Jones, representing the
Agricultural Extension Service of
State College, Raleigh, was present
and discussed and explained the re
quirements for getting an electric
line extended in the community,
where it is desired, and gave the de
tails of what was necessary to be
Present also were R. L. Ware, R. G.
Blair and John Hill, representing the
Virginia Electric Power Company.
Messrs. Blair and Ware also made
some enlightening remarks on the
Present plans indicate that the line
will be extended to Chapanoke from
Woodville in the near future.
A rneeting is to be held at Whites
ton School on Wednesday night of
next week, to discu?s the matter with
the Whiteston people of extending
the line to that community also.
Mr. Blair, of the Virginia Elec
tric Power Co., L. W. Anderson and
Dr. E. S. White, of Belvidere, expect
to go over the proposed line to Bel
videre on Wednesday and make a re
survey for the benefit of the Virginia
Electric Power Company.
Judge Shaw Holds
First Court In County
Judge Thomas J. Shaw of Greens
boro, will preside at the January
term of Perquimans Superior Court
which convenes in Hertford on Mon
day of next. week. This will be
Judge Shaw's first court in Perquim
This term is for the trial of civil
cases only and no state matters will
be taken up at this time. There are
already several state cases dockted
for th April term of court, which is a
mixed term, for the trial of both
civil and criminal matters, and these
must wait until April;
The last term , of Superior Court
was held in Perquimans in October.
I Hertford Druggist Possessor
I Of 94-Year-Old Newspaper
One of the decisions handed down
by the Supreme Court of North Car
olina in 1842 was that in. the case of
Mixon vs Coffield, from Chowan
County.' . .'. j 7 :' ' '.' "
:, This .and other " mteresting items
appear1 tin the ,!.1rinety-four-year-oid
copy' of the HillBbdrough Reader,"
Noj41S9, VoDSS?, published t Hills
bbrough'and dated September 1, 1842,
which is the property of J G. Rober-sc'BeWaddrMbb.';'-y'.4-.'
; Mr. Roberson's,,. mother preserved
the' old newspaper which was found
in the effects of her father, Mangom
Cate, of HOlsborough, many years
ago. Mr. Roberson treasures the old
newspaper, which carries advertise
ments for runaway slaves and num
erous ; interesting, legal? advertise
ments, as weH as listing : for sale
many varieties of - fine ibombazine,
challies, and othelr v materials in
ogne a Hundred years ago. :
&Tbki;fitoyko&jr 'didnot pjr their
newspaper, subscription price in ad
vance in those days is evinced by a
notice which sets forth that the sub
scription price is three dollars per
year, two and a half dollars if paid
In' advance. !;!i'i:"rt
', There are few cuts shown of the
articles advertised; here and there a
horse, a Small house, a watch or two
and. some clocks being pictured, but
otherwise, the paper is reading mat-
New Rating Will Not Be
In Effect Until
The Hertford PostoflRce becomes a
second class office on July 1, after
having for the past five years been
The Hertford postoffice ranked
third class for many years prior to
1924, when, due to an increase in the
business of the office, it was placed
in the second class. This continued
for only six years, however, and in
1930, as the depression began to be
felt in the Town of Hertford, the
condition reflected in the post
office and business fell off to
the extent that the office reverted to
J. E. Morris, who has held the
position of postmaster in Hertford
since July 1, 1934, announced this
week that once more the business of
the office has increased to the extent
that on July first it again becomes
The Postmaster and the employees
of the office will benefit materially
by the promotion in the rank of the
office, as salaries are increased.
All assistants in a second class
office are required to serve under
civil service, which is not the case in
a third class postoffice.
Mrs. R. H. Willis Very
111 At Home Of Sister
Friends and relatives of Mrs. R. H.
Willis were grieved to learn on Mon
day of her sudden serious illness.
There has been little or no improve
ment as yet.
Mrs. Willis was visiting her sister,
Mrs. P. L. Bostick, in Raleigh, where
she had spent Christmas, when she
was stricken with cerebral hemor
rhage, the attack occurring Monday
morning while she was at the break
fast table. She was at once rendered
Mrs. Willis was taken to the Rex
Hospital, and her brother, J. C
Blanchard, and Mrs. Blanchard, went
at once to Raleigh. They returned
home on Tuesday night and reported
that while Mrs. Willis showed some
temporary improvement, when she
recognized her relatives and was
conscious, her condition is very
LEAVES FOR VIRGINIA
E. J. Broughton, whose business
interests take him to Norfolk, Va.,
at this season of the year, will leave
Monday, accompanied by Mrs.
Broughton, to spend the next five or
six months in the Virginia city.
Reference is made to numerous
contemporary newspapers of that
time, with several quotations, among
them being from "Danville Reporter,"
"Oxford Mercury," and "Roanoke
The name of Henry Clay occurs
frequently, as well as that of Daniel
One article reads as follows:
(Prom "Alexander Gazette")
The Democratic Review, the organ
par excellence of ts party, in its last
number had. an, article headed "Clay
in the FieM Again." The article thus
opens: Clay i a fine-fellow. He is
bold, he is so brave, and in the poli
tical melee he rides thundering along
at the head of his hosts, in the ad
vance of the Btrife, so gallantly, and
with so , hearty a crest! Like a
panache of Henry IV, wherever the
fight is the hardest and the blows the
heaviest, there streams its white
flutter as a signal to his friends of
the point of pressure and the direc
tion to which they should follow. He
is a man, every inch of him, worth
fighting, worth; beating!
, And it is thus that the noble and
gallant "Harry of the .West" extorts
admiration even from his bitterest
political.-, opponents. They cannot
help yielding hin thftjmEinte oi their
praise. '':''fi:h vi.-.-,i
Patrolman George I. Dail, who
has arrested 22 persons since the
New Year, fifteen in Chowan and
seven in Bertie County, for driv
ng without 1936 license, says he
has not seen one single motorist
driving in Perquimans County
without 1936 license displayed.
Crowded Calendar Prepared by W. H.
Pitt, Perquimans County
Clerk of Court
The January term of Perquimans
Superior Court will convene next
Monday, 'January 13, with Judge
Thos. J. Shaw of Greensboro presid
ing. The following calendar has been
prepared by W. H. Pitt, clerk of Su
Monday, January 13
J. C. Blanchard et al vs. J. B. Bas-
Blanchard-Newby Motor Co. vs. W.
Everleen Skinner vs. Booker T.
Sarah E. White vs. Milton Skinner.
Hertford Banking Co. vs. L. N.
Hollowell et al.
Annie Small Harrell vs. Richard
Mildred J. Perry vs. Watson Eure.
Tuesday, January 14
Eastern Cotton Oil Co. vs. Hines
Eastern Cotton Oil Co. va K. R.
J. Broughton & Bro. vs. W. G.
Mrs. Gladys Cropsey vs. W. L.
Lydia G. Whedbee vs. J. F. Wins
First & Citizens National Bank vs.
J. S. Trueblood.
Eastern Cotton Oil Co. vs. F. F.
Edna Colson, Administratrix, vs.
J. R. Parker.
Lillie Belle Brinn, Administratrix,
vs. White & Co.
Wednesday, January 15
Hollowell Chevrolet Co. vs. Joseph
Sallie J. Kirby vs. Sidney Jessup,
W. E. Mathews vs. E. M. Perry.
C. O. Fowler vs. N. E. Chappell.
George H. Winslow vs. Neil Spruill.
W. A. Butts vs. W. H. Holly, et als.
Thursday, January 16
W. A. Williams vs. R. L. Dunn.
LeRoy Spruill vs. R. L. Wood, et al.
Louise Campbell vs. American Fi
In Re: Motion of W. G. Edwards.
Motions in any cause to be heard
at the pleasure of the court.
Cases not reached on day set take
precedence on next day's calendar.
For Club Meetings
The time and places for the meet
ings of the various home demonstra
tion clubs in Perquimans have been
announced by Miss Gladys Hamrick,
Home Demonstration Agent, as fol
The Chapanoke Club will meet on
Tuesday, January 7; the Winfall
Club on Wednesday, January 8; the
Whiteston Club on Thursday, Janu
ary 9: the Hunter's Fork HlnK n
Friday, January 10; the Ballahack
Club on Monday, January 13; the
Beech Snrin? Club on Tuesdav. Jan
uary 14; the Durants Neck Club on
Wednesday, January 15; the Wood
ville Club on Thursday, January 16;
the Bethel Club on Friday, January
A one hundred nercent attendance
at these meetinsrs is desired bv Miss
Hamrick, as the leaders of the va
rious clubs will be appointed at the
January meeting for the coming'
A demonstration of coffee-makinar
is to be made by Miss Hamrick at
this time also.
Secretary Wallace Calls
For Meeting Of Leaders
Secretary Henry A. Wallace has
called a meeting of 70 agricultural
leaders in Washington on Friday "and
Saturday of this week to discuss new
plans in reference to the situation
brought about by the ollapse of the
Triple A program when the Supreme
Court pronounced th AAA unconsti
tutional. y .V!?ss;
Arrange For New Set
Up and Definite Plan
Miss Ruth Davenport
Named Case Worker
An enlarged county unit of public
welfare is in process of being set up
this week in Perquimans, in accord
ance with a State-wide plan, with
Miss Ruth Davenport, of Elizabeth
City, in charge as case worker, under
the County Superintendent of Public
Welfare F. T. Johnson.
James T. Barnes, one of the six
field representeatives of the State,
was in Hertford this week, conferring
with Mr. Johnson with reference to
the new set-up and making plans for
Miss Davenport has also arrived
and at present has her quarters in the
old ERA office in the old Carolina
Bank Building. This arrangement,
however, is only temporary, as the
Board of County Commissioners on
Monday authorized the renting of
two offices on the second floor of the
building occupied by Darden Bros,
and on February first the Welfare
Unit as well as the WPA Unit will
occupy these officers.
With reference to the Welfare
work in the County, F. T. Johnson, as
Welfare Officer of the County, re
ceived a letter from Mrs. W. T. Bost,
State Commissioner of Welfare, stat
ing that, in submitting to the FERA
a request for the final relief grant to
North Carolina, Governor Ehringhaus
asked that sufficient funds be includ
ed for the purpose in intergrating
the remaining relief activities with
the State Board of Charities and
Public Welfare and the local welfare
units- Accordingly, she said, when
the budget was set up, funds were
earmarked for that purpose.
The letter further stated that the
funds thus made available make pos
sible the strengthening of the State
and county welfare units now being
charged with the responsibility of
meeting relief needs not only of the
unemployables, but those employables
not yet absorbed through WPA.
Establishment of active welfare
units in the one hundred counties of
the State, stated Mrs. Bost, is now
In addition to the routine duties
of the County Superintendent of
Public Welfare, the enlarged county
unit will be responsible for certifica
tion of relief clients of WPA, the
CCC camp, resettlement, etc.
Under the arrangement, it is stat
ed, the State Board, through six ad
ditional field representatives, under a
trained social service director, will
be enabled to render constructive
social services of real value to the
Mrs. Bost stated in her letter to
Mr. Johnson that this expanded pro
gram calls for the united efforts of
the social workers of the entire State
if it is to be made a success, and ask
ed for the full support and coopera
tion of the Welfare Agent to that
Sunday School Class
Elects New Officers
New officers for the coming year
were elected at the meeting of the
Judson Memorial Sunday School Class
of the Baptist Church, which was
held on Monday evening in the Sun
day School room, with Mrs. Kermit
Lane as hostess, and Mrs. Sidney
Layden and Miss Edna Layden in
charge of the program.
lhe new officers elected were: Mrs.
D. M. Jackson, president; Mrs. Josiah
Elliott, vice president; Miss Bennie
Wood, secretary; Mrs. William Boyce,
assistant secretary; Miss Madge Pow
ell, pianist; Mrs. Charles Johnson,
The following committees were al
so named: Enlistment committee,
Misses Lucille Sutton, Madge Powell
and Margaret Madre; visiting com
mittee, Misses Edna Layden, Mattie
Lou Lane and Katherine Campen;
sick committee, Miss Arnie Lane,
Mrs. Kermit Lane and Mrs. Charles
Delicious ice cream and cake were
served by the hostess during the so
cial hour which followed the meeting.
. A Surprise in Every Package
: Booster 'What's the ' trouble with
: Cockerel Shell shock." When her
e??s hatched, out came ducks..