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0 / 75
-YEAR CYCLE IN .-
- Smithsonian Report Cite ReC
.1 ' rr ords From 1837. iv- . ,'
; r , j " - .j, ;
... Washington.; Progress ta-the
5 development of a twenty-three-year,
cycle weather hypothesis, by . which
- .variations of the weather may be
forecast, is reported by Dr. Charles
' G. Abbot, secretary ,Of the Smith
sonian, Institution,?. ". .;
, ' In a report to the board of re
gents,;. Dr. .Abbot says that while
much -work remains to be done in
working out the details of his theory,
"certain large and prolonged fea
"" tures,'. such atf the great drouth
' -' of the NorthwesV"Kem to be clears
: . ly predictable." f ; '
' , Results of investigations are es
1 . peclally encouraging in correlation
of solar radiation with the weather
" ' and study of the effects of light on
plant growth, according to the re-
port. : ;w'".
, Emphasizing his hopeful outlook
,for the hypothesis, Dr. Abbot says
.that the first decades of each of the
five twenty-three-year cycles since
'1837 showed a marked, depression
'Kin rainfall, but that this depression
7' .in. the first, third and fifth cycles
' " was especially noteworthy.
-f . There seems to be a forty-si
year cycle of great drouths," the
report states. "On the basis of this
evidence, moderate drouth condi
tions tnay be expected throughout
the region in the decade from 1950
to 1960 and a very severe drouth
in the decade from 1975 to 1985.
"The present drouth seems com
parable to those of the decades fol
lowing 1840 and 1890." .
The report reveals an apparent
proof that short-interval changes of
the heat output of the sun, such as
run their courses in a few days, are
of major influence on the weather
for the ensuing two weeks or more.
Scientists of the weather bureau
agreed with him, Dr. Abbot reports,
that investigation of this effect
offers reasonable promise of a meth
od of forecasting some features of
the weather for two weeks or more
in advance. '
The most notable work in the field
of radiation effects on organisms
has been the finding of "a curve of
the efficiency of different colored
light rays in promoting the funda
mental phenomenon of photosynthe
sis in plants, which is basic to all
life on earth."
Workers Make Effort to
Save Tree of Antiquity
Brisbane. Dr. A. D. Herbert, with
200 volunteer workers has under
taken the rejuvenation of the oldest
known living thing. It is the famous
Marco zima palm on the Tambourine
mountain, Queensland, which had
Jbeen pronounced as 15,000 years old.
Recently it was found that van
dals had chopped the palm down.
Although the desecration had taken
place at least three months pre
viously, the ancient palm still was
alive and Dr. Herbert organized his
crew for an expedition to the moun-
' tain in an effort to save it.
A large hole was dug in the red
volcanic soil close to the stump and
then , the trunk of the tree, pos
sessing three upright sections, was
placed in the hole.
Before planting the tree. Dr. Her-
bert coated the cut end with mala
chite green as a preventative to
. Even should the 15,000 year old
palm fail to sprout new roots he esti
mates that the trunk still contains
sufficient sago starch to sustain it
and keep it alive for 10 or IS years
yet. But Dr. Herbert is convinced
that the palm still has a chance to
Culture Fund Is Started
for Nebraska University
r .' Lincoln, Neb.Prominent alumni
. and . friends of the University of
jNeDrasKa nave organizes . a inun
dation with an ultimate goal of $23,
000,000, to foster cultural features
nf tfiii Incttltiitinn which eannot b
Tt supported by taxpayers. A
' -v' '-. vi : , I v'iat-ir,
'. ..1... TV. l-O..
nce in Milwaukee is emphasized by
: jits If newest1,' telephone ii directory,
. which lists, 434 Schmidts the larg
i est name group in the book, out
V. ranking the Smiths, Joneses and
Johnsons,-, . ' f y
h Mr. and Mrs. H. T. West of Ayden
and Eev.; and Mrs. J. H. Miller and
children of Hookerton spent a few
dayB last week with Mr. and 'Mrs.
J. H. Miller and Attended the gradu
ation exercise at Hertford.:" ,'
day-with his parents,' Mr, and -Mrs.
H. MiUer. - -mm'M
Mrs. E, N. Miller and Miss Mary
Elizabeth White attended tho Mehto
dist District meeting?' at Ahoskieon
Thursday. ' i ) S 1 v ' ! '
Mrs,, Effiie Miller; spent Sunday
with her Bister,: iMrs. T. E. Madre
near Hertford.-" i l .;?-.C';
- Mr. and Mrs.' Ernest Stallings and
son, Cary spent Sunday, with Mr. and
MWW VStallings near-WinfaU.
Mr. and Mra. T. E. Morgan and
son Ernest W. Morgan visited Mr.
and Mrs. Herman West near Wood
ville Sunday afternoon.
Mr. and Mrs. George Roach and
Miss Celesta Godwin spent Sunday
with Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Roach.
Mrs. E. N. Miller and children,
Ralph and Doris, spent Sunday with
Mr. and Mrs. Carson Howell at Beech
Mrs. George Roach and Mrs. Effie
Miller were in Elizabeth City Friday
Miss Cora White spent the week
end with Miss Marie Spivey near
Mrs. H. D. Hurdle and Miss Ruth
Hurdle visited Mrs. David Miller
Miss Celesta Godwin spent Thurs
day with Miss Esther Perry.
Mrs. Effie Miller, Mrs. C. L. God
win and Mrs. J. V. White visited
Mrs. David Miller Tuesday after
noon. Miss Doris Miller spent Thursday
with Mrs. Kenneth Miller.
Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Perry and
daughter Esther visited Mr. and
Mrs. J. H. Miller Sunday afternoon.
Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Miller spent
Sunday with Mr. and Mrs. Kermit
Perry, of Rocky Hock.
Mr. and Mrs. Roscoe White of
Norfolk, spent Monday with Mr. and
Mrs. C. B. White,
Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Chappell and
children of Belvidere, visited Mr.
and Mrs. C. B. White Sunday after
noon. Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Miller, Mr. and
Mrs.1 H. T. West and Elmer Miller
visited Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Miller
We ' need , more balanced farming
to enable us to conserve a larger
Ishare of the annual wealth produced
on soutnern xarms.
uckiesDiamond h J?
U; Bought for $60,000
London. A 19-carat diamond;
valued at $60,000, which is said
to. be the luckiest stone in- the
world, : has been purchased by
si group In- England? :M'
Unlike the famous. Hope .dia
mond of ill-omen, which is a
greenish-blue' color, the "lucky"
diamond Is rosy-pink. It is cred
ited with the power of warding
& ill-health. - ,, ,
When Azon Barbara, of Paris,
t ought it 100 years ago; he was
8lering from an" ap;arent!y in
c Table disease, if Immeiip'!y
fsi it came into his pocsi. n,
! j health improved, and d-: i
it next 23 years of .his liTa, he
- r had an illness. '
" then it has been handed
i f rt generation to genera
. - 1 it has always held the
i t-t, the sole sur
- i j soli it. .'
Annual earnings per railway em
ployee in 1936 averaged $1,734,
compared with $1,653 in 1935..
Railroad tracks in this country are
laid on more than one billion cross
ties, nearly 3,000 cross ties being re
quired for each mile of track.
American railroads in 1936 used
119 pounds of fuel to haul 1,000 gross
tons one mile compared with 120
pounds in 1935 and 163 pounds in
Losses due to robbery of freight
on railroads of the United States and
Canada in 1936 were the smallest on
record, averaging 1.8 cents per load
Express traffic has shown a mark
ed upward trend in recent years, the
Railway Express Agency in 1936
having handled 131,549,000 shipments
an increase of nearly 45 per cent
compared with 1933.
. Expenditures in excess of one bil
lion dollars for capital improvements
to roiling stock, roadway and struc
tures, and for fuel, materials and
supplies used in connection with ope
ration were made in 1936 by the
Class 1 railroads of the United
j Balanced Farming
7 By GUY A. CARDWELL
Agricultural and Industrial Agent
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.
I". The South is a land of specialized
iarming ana mixea iarmmg, out not
balanced farming. In areas pnnci
pally along the coast we have truck
farms and a little, farther inland to
bacco farms, cotton farms,- and pea.
nut. farms. These farms are cash br
money crop farms even where seve
ral money crops are , grown. . : J. :,
' Farmers,; being- optimists,' expect
the money; crops C to furnish' income
sufficient to buy everything , needed
on the. farm,'
r- This word picture may be' over
drawiV but it is not distorted beyond
wognition-ji-vrf $ tl'ifM
.You have often heard that the love
of money is the root of ill evil, but
the root -of . evil; in the zreat asrri-
cultural ' South is the love' of, cash
(, Cash crops in times of good prices
are not to be sneezed at: but 'we do
not always have ; high prices, " and
as a f long ; time proposition cash
crops "supplemented by ample, food
and feed crops n& livestock are 'of
far greater, worth, than .cash crops
alone, regardless of price., r;'.
When we send our cash crop dol
lars away to pay for goods capable
of being produced at home we are
flirt not only for Hie commoditj
I i f r Ce services of many people
I I v TJ.s Is uneconomical and
is c i i "'.' r 'n reasons why farm-
5- J .' - "l is net more profit-
High Quality Eggs
Bring Good Prices
"You can't get good prices, for
poor eggs," said C. J. Maupin, ex
tension poultry specialist at State
Yet many poultrymen help beat
down prices every spring and sum
mer by flooding the market with in
ferior eggs, he continued.
Good eggs can be produced in hot
weather, he added, if poultrymen
feed and manage their flocks as they
should. Here are a few things Mau-J
pin said that will improve egg qual
ity. Produce only infertile eggs. In
fertile eggs keep better and are of
a more desirable quality than fer
Gather the eggs twice a day in a
wire basket or other ventilated con
tainer. Allow the eggs to cool for
12 hours before packing them in
cases. Eggs should be kept in a
cellar or other place where the tem
perature remains between 35 to 60
Af- should circulate freely between
the eggs. If the air becomes too
dry in hot weather, a few pans of
water set on the floor will help keep
the room moist.
Take the eggs to market at least
twice a week, if possible. Clean
eggs bring more attractive prices
than dirty eggs.
Don't try to save money by skimp
ing on feed. Poorly fed birds can't
produce very many good eggs, but
it is a good plan to save feed by
culling out low-producing birds.
Farmers who wish to preserve
some of their eggs for home con
sumption next fall and winter can
do so with sodium silicate, or the
water glass method, which is inex
pensive. Only sound eggs should be
saved as defective eggs are likely to
Plans Crop Rotation
On Kerr Scott Farms
the basis for improving quality
standards for raw cotton, and is tied
in closely with the Government pro
gram for improving cotton produc
tion and marketing practices.
TEN RULES FOR A LONG LIFE
If you would live tp a ripe old
age, here are ten rules givwn oy Hy
geia, on how to live 100 years, which
the current Progressive Farmer J
quotes as part oi its campaign ior
1. Breathe fresh air, both day and
2. Exercise your larger muscles re
gularly every day.
3. Look on overfatigue as your
enemy, and on rest as your friend.
Take at least eight hours of sleep.
(The voice of wisdom says one should
turn off the radio at 10.)
4. Drink plenty of water at meals
and also between meals.
5. Eat temperately, partaking of
vegetables and fruit for "roughage"
and health's sake, and sparingly of
meat and sugar. Avoid overweight.
6. H&ve regular bowel habits.
7. Avoid infection from both out
side and inside sources. Make a
thorough recovery from colds and
8. Wash your hands before eating.
(That the teeth are to be cleaned
night and morning is taken for
9. Think wholesome thoughts. Face
unpleasant situations frankly and
sensibly, and don't worry. Keep
your play spirit.
10. Have a health examination by
your physician each year; ask his
advice and follow it.
The Progressive Farmer.
RURAL KITCHEN MODERNIZATION
WITH OIL-BURNING EQUIPMENT
Uncte Jim Sags
A crop rotation for five Alamance
County farms owned by Kerr Scott,
state commissioner of agriculture,
has been worked out by E. C. Blair,
of State College, in cooperation with
The problem was to grow grain,
hay and pasturage for 20 horses, 100 i
dairy cows or their equivalent inj
young stock, 10 hogs, 400 hens, and !
20 sheep, and at the same time
build up the soil.
All cleared acreage on one of the
farms will be seeded as permanent
pasture. On the home farm, 75
acres were set aside for permanent
pasture. A four-year rotation was
planned for the remaining four fields
of about 60 acres each.
The first year of the rotation, corn
will be grown for grain and silage,
with small grain sown in the fall.
The second year, a mixture of clov
ers, lespedeza, and grasses will be
sown on the grain' in March. The
grain will be threshed soon after
harvesting. The clover and grass
will be cut for hay in September.
The third year, clover and grass
es will be cut for hay in May or
June, then pastured the rest of the j
year. The fourth year, clover and
grass will be pastured until Novem
ber, then turned under for corn.
Three other farms were treated as
three large fields, and a three year
rotation was worked out. The fields
contain about 30 acres each.
The first two years of this rota
tion will be similar to the first two
years of the four-year rotation. But
on the third year, the first crop of
red clover will be cut for hay in
June and the second crop will re
main on the land. The lespedeza
seed will be harvesjted in November.
Then the second crop of clover and
the lespedeza will be turned under
This system will provide ample
feed for the stock, control erosion,
and increase the soil's fertility, Blair
i i , . i. i i - - - i " ;
I The Modern Oil
The mention of kitchen modern
ization usually brings to mind
such major equipment as gas or
electric ranges and refrigerators,
but this photograph shows that
modernization in homes beyond
gas and electric lines also is re
j ceiving wide attention. It is a
model kitchen equipped v.ith an
oil-burning 'tfrigerator and an oil
range in "matched units."
7":2 i;--.;r3 cf --.r.c:, rr.::!
to have heating capacity (uiv.,
lcnt to those of a gas rar.3, r.:-o
concealed by a hinged panel at the
iront which may be left open ov
ci:ed v:h:ie the stove 13 in :.-?..
ir.o rcinscrator suppirs cc
slant foorl-conservine- coH a
f:ceze3 ice cubes just as an ei:
trie refrigerator does, r.hhou
lha turners need be operate-'! o:
about two hours a day. The burn- .
crs go out automatically when
sufficient refrigeration for 24
hours has been created.
It is said that the efficiency of
the refrigerator is increased and
dependable service assured even
under the most severe conditions
by the use of both water and .-tin '
cooling. No outside vater connec
tion is needed. The conJeiv,rr
tank, liiied with water at 1ne je
cf t:.i e:::e n, free., '
same purpose as the water-niicd .
iu ":.u.r il r.: autrnir. ji!' t.i;.:.:o
'.I-.i qui:": :o.'.)llo:i : .1 cae.-
Inp; r.'f" of heat. '
These refrigerators are s;iid ffl
have alimned vi!? j--..:.:'..'.:. i.;- 'i
the tro've; r.; e.ett as in iu.v.l
hor."..j (.-" thio country.
When a gully gets so big you can't
do anything else with it, you can al
ways plant a few trees to stop erosion.
JUST RECEIVED TWO CARLOADS
Choice Timothy Hay
Get your supply at once . . . delivered
anywhere in the County
Ilk 11 I
STUDY CHEMICAL METHODS
, OF TESTING COTTON FIBERS
Chemical methods of testing the
quality of raw cotton are being stud
ied by the United States Department
Technologists of the BureaUpof
Agricultural ; Economics have de
veloped physical ways to measure
quality of cotton fibers, but they be
lieve chemical techniques may offer
quicker and more accurate results.
They point eat that many diffculties
attend the physical testing of cotton
fibers since no two fibers are alike
among the more than 45 billion found
in a bale of cotton. -
; In a pound - of cotton - there are
more than. 90 million different fibers.
In-even a small' tuftr of raw cotton
there,: are literally thousands.' The
fibres vary -in -length Irom less than
one thirty -second of an inch' to as
much as 8 faiches. There is much
variation in fineness of fibers. ' Even
individual fibers vary in thickness
from butt to tip. There also is
masked variation in cell-wall thick
ness or "maturity" of fibers, -
All these differences are important
in their effect upon yarns and finish
ed fabrics. Their measurement is
A BARGAIN PRICE
FOR NEW COMPLETENESS
IN ALL 5 BASIC REFRIGERATION SERVICES!
1. GREATER ICE-ABILITY
End "Cube-Struggle" and "Ice-Famine" 1 SEE THE PROOF 1
2. GREATER STORAGE-ABILITY
Ends old-fashioned crowding! SEE THE PROOF1
3. GREATER PROJECT-ABILITY
Keeps food safer, fresher, longer! SEE THE PROOF!
4. GREATER DEPEND ABILITY
5-Year Protection Plan, backed by General Motors. SEE
5. GREATER SAVE-ABILITY
Only FMGIMIRE has the
CUTS CURRENT COST TO TNI BONC
Simplest rtfrtgirmtimg mtctsmiam
tvtr builtl Only S moving parts,
including the motor . . , perma
nendy oiled, sealed gainst mois
ture and dirt. Gives SUPER-DUTY
at amning saving. SSI THE ptooi
with an actual electric meter test I
1 A :
Model illustrated is "SUPER-DUTY" FRIGID
AIRE "SPECIAL". 5.1 cu. ft. opacity. 10.7 iq. ft.
helf ipace. 6 pounds of ice (48 Wig cubes) at a freez
ing. Haa all of the following gcniumt "SUPER
DUTY" FRIGIDAIRE feature!:
NEW INSTANT CDBE-RELEASE IN
EVERY ICE TRAY
See ft to Action
i n . t x
Exclusive with Frigid.
lire! Instantly releaaca
ica cubes from trays
two or a doaan at a
time. Yields 20 mora ice by ending faucet mettare
waste. Greatest ICE CONVENIENCE ml offend!
. . . Alto, the famous METER-MISER . . . Food-Safety
Indlcatorin food compartment . , . Automatic Ice Tray
Release , . . Automatic React DefrotteS. . . Super-Duty
Free sc.. .Automatic Interior Light . . . Double-Range
Cold Control . . . Super-Duty Hydra tor . . . S-Yeu
Protection Plan backed by General Motors.
Mm New, Larger, 6 and 7 ca. ft "SUPER
DUTY" FRIGIDAIRE "SPECIALS". . . priced
sensationally low! Cease to and see that.
HERTFORD, N. (X