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0 / 75
THE PERQUIMANS WEEKLY, Ei::
'., FRIDAY, K'
t::s tangled tva
old feud breaks out
chairman is silent.
; UNDER MANY ATTACKS
BULL'S POLICY GAINS
BRITISH PACT VITAL
ROOM FOR CONCESSIONS
CONTEST WITH HITLER '
WORLD TRADE NEEDED
U. S. ACCEPTS FACTS
AUSTRIA PASSES OUT
EUROPE A' POWDER-KEG
The tangled and confused affairs
nf the Tennessee Valley Authority,
including' the bickering between
Chairman A. E. Morgan and his two
associated directors, will be thor
oughly explored by a Congressional
committee. Senator Norris, sponsor
and friend of the TVA, originally
sought an investigation by the Fed
eral Trade Commission but last week
proposed that the inquiry be con
ducted by a Senatorial committee.
This me.t with prompt counter-action
on the part of those leading the at
tack on the Authority, who insisted
that the investigating body be a joint
committee representing both houses
Simmering for many months, the
feud between Chairman -A. E. Mor
gan and the other Board members,
Dr. Harcourt A. Morgan and David
E. Lilienthal, was brought into the
open by a spectacular meeting at the
White House where President Roose
velt, nv an open session, attempted to
ascertain the facts behind the charges
involved in the Board's rumpus.
Chairman Morgan refused to submit
any evidence in support of his
charges, taking the position that he
was merely an "observer" and appar
ently determined to force a Congres
sional investigation. The other di
rectors gave the grounds upon which
they had accused the Chairman of
undermining the activities of the
The President told the members
that it was their duty not to continue
the "personal" row but the data
brought into the open revealed a
chasm of professional and personal
feeling that seemingly makes it im
possible to reconcile the attitudes of
the Chairman and his fellow Board
members. Mr. Roosevelt went so far
as to suggest k the Chairma that
if he were unwilling to rapport with
facta his accusations that fairness"
and "decency" , were impossible in
the TVA administration with the oth
er two members of the Board, that
he should resign.
However, Dr. A. E. Morgan, form
er president of Antioch College and
an engineer who had built flood con
trol and reclamation -works insisted
that he would have nothing to do
with the. President's personal inquiry
and his attitude indicated very plain
ly that he would resist any effort to
remove him. The President was
stern and the scene in the White
House unusual. Mr. Roosevelt had
ordered a mimeograph transcription
made of the proceedings and steno
graphers recorded the questions and
answers. At intervals, the notes
were transcribed and immediately
passed to waiting newspapermen.
Mr. Roosevelt is known to be proud
of the TVA, which he considers the
nation's first experiment in regional
planning. He has held it out as an
example of "What we have done and
what we are trying to do." Set up
in May, 1933, the TVA was provided
for flood control and improved navi
gation of the Tennessee River, for
the conservation of soil and natural
resources. Huge dams were neces
sary for flood control and navigation,
and power was to be developed as a
consequence. Soil conservation in
eluded better fertilization and, there
fore, fertilizer studies were included
within the scope of the undertaking.
Chairman Morgan was one of three
men placed in charge of. the under
taking. The others included Dr. Har
court A. Morgan, president of the
University of Tennessee, an entomol
ogist and horticulturist particularly
interested in the fertilizer, program,
and David E. Lilienthal, ' Wisconsin
lawyer and former public service -official,
who gave his attention to the
power problems involved.
The TVA has been constantly
, under attacks from critics on- the
outside mainly on account of its
power program. Utilities affected
have vigorously fought its program
in the courts, asserting that it com
peted unfairly with private com
panies.. Attacks in Congress and I
the courts, however, have been suc
Internal dissension has been ru
mored for some months, but the com
' troversy burst ' into the open only
about three weeks ago. i Chairman
Morgan demanded a Congressional
investigation, asserting, "The real
difficulty has been in an effort' to se
cure honesty, openness, decency and
fairness in " government. Later, he
accused his fellow-directors of Meva-
eion, intrigue and sharp . strategy
with remarkable skill in alibi and the
habit of avoiding direct responsibility
which' makes Machiavelii seem open
and: candid.' v.' - -'
It was these charges that moved
the President to - request the facts
upon which J they were based, and
Chairman . Morgan at the White
House, declined any . attempt to sub
stantiate ' the general allegations.
Whether he will be able to produce
supporting evidence before the Con
gressional committee remains to be
,r Secretary of State Cordell Hull,
acting under a law passed in 1934,
has made reciprocal trade treaties
the keystone of his foreign policy. He
is convinced that expansion of world
trade as a necessary condition for
world peace. Consequently, he has
rigidly insisted upon the "uncondi
tional most-favored nation" clause in
each treaty so that the benefits shall
apply to all treaty-making nations.
The recently completed pact with
Czechoslovakia was the seventeenth
agreement signed and negotiations
are under way now with Great Brit
ain. while each concession is mg-
orously attacked by effected interests
in this country which, without excep
tion, assert that the particular mdus
try will be ruined the Hull agreement
is that the country as whole will
benefit and that concessions granted,
in no case, inflict serious injuries to
Hearings are now going on in
Washington on the pending agree-,
ment with Great Britain, its depen
dencies and colonies. Hundreds of
witnesses will appear just as they
have done on a smaller scale for
each of the seventeen treaties nego
tiated, but, at the end, the pact will
reflect, not mass propaganda or po
litical pressure, but the determina
tion of experts as to tariff rates
drawn in the general interest of the
people of this country.
Figures show that 35 per cent pf
our imports come from the British
Empire jind that 33 per cent of our
exDOI-ta o-n intn thin marlfot In tha
past six years, we sold to the British !
American products to the value of
about $2,700,000,000 and bought pro
ducts m return valued at more than
$2,850,000,000. There are abundant
opportunities for tariff changes to
benefit both countries. Agricultural
concessions are expected to increase
out 'farm exports in the rich British
market and partly restore the lard,
pork and bacon . and meat products
exports which have been reduced
two-thirds by an excessive British
tariff. Fruits, fish products and
other food items are expected to gain
Readers should understand that
two systems of carrying on world
trade have waged a desperate strug
gle during the past five years. Ger
many, under Adolf Hitler, has cham
pioned self-containment, subordinat
ing every shipment of goods to na
tional regimentation. . Hitler has
made countless agreements, all ignor
ing the most-favored-nation principle
and designed to give exclusive ad
vantages to the .contracting parties.
This country, under Mr. Hull, has
championed international trade, with
each of its concessions generalized to
include all nations trading with the
United States, with the single excep
tion of Germany. Consequently, our
foreign trade has fewer restrictions
than that of almost any other nation. !
During the early struggle between
the two systems of international
trade, Europe seemed to favor the
autarchic principle. More than four
hundred agreements, in none of
which we had a share, complicated
world business for Americans. In
1934 Mr. Hull made his first recipro
cal trade agreement with Cuba. Since
that time, Great Britain has stood
between the two camps, adopting
some trade policies that tended to
ward self-containment Her trade
agreements were not completely au-
For Dotfer Xx-M
From Yclt O
would negotiate a reciprocal past
with the United States1 and it be
came apparent that .the Ea'-IJ-, Em
pire was ready to cast its enormous
mercantile " prestige into the scales
for reciprocal commerce as against
self-containment and autarchic trade. -
The present negotiations ere con
sidered by -many, observers the "only
conspicuously hopeful portent in the
world that has almost militarized in
ternational commerce. ,
Regardless of ' nidtvidual oniriions
as to the methods adopted by Adolf
tutier .to encompass . the union' of
Austria with Germany, and th&dan
gerous possibilities . of warfare - in
Europe as Hitler and 'Museolin con
tinue their show 'of force to accom
plish national ends the Government
of the United States, officially, is in
volved only to a minor extent. v
It will, of course; be necessary to
readjust our" commercial relations
with Austria. There "is" the question
of the debt owed by Austria, about
$26,000,000, which - was contracted
largely for relief since the World
War. It has been - in' default since
the Hoover debt moratorium In 1931
and the question arises ;. whether
Germany will acknowledge the obli
The disposition of Austrian Gov
ernment property in the" United
States, including its , legation in
Washington, might raise a legal
question as to Germany's . title to
such properties but generally this is
not considered a serious problem for
the United States. , The .American
attitude will be one of acquiescence,
regardless of sentiment, in the ac
quisition of a democratic nation by
non-democratic state. "
While the present problem is not
acute, the dangers inherent in the
European situation cause serious ap
prehension in this country. All those
conversant with the tenBe feeling in
Europe realize that the Continent is
a vast powder-keg, which may ex
plode without further notice at any
time. That Italy and Germany have
apparently agreed upon" their respec
"ve rotes nd the spoils which are to
be divided, seems certain in view of
Mussolini's acceptance of Germany
as a neighbor at the Brenner Pass,
Spain, as well as Czechoslovakia,
present? -a present peril to peace and
Southeastern Europe and- the Medi
terranean loom large the threat-
That the United States will take
any step toward supporting- the dem
ocracies of the -world is doubtful,
The trend of events has strengthened
isolation sentiment in this country
and will undoubtedly be reflected in
the prompt passage of the naval bill
and, in time, in much greater prepare
ationa in the air and strengthened-
military forces everywhere. One im
mediate reaction is the evidence that
responsible Filipino leaders are nx
ious to reconsider plans for the. Is
CENTER HILL .
Rev. and Mrs. R. E. Walston vere
guests of Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Turner
Sunday evening. s i
Miss Irene Furry and Miss Clara
Mae Newton, of Windsor, and fcay-.
mond Rountree went to Fort Story,
Va., Sunday. , ,
Robert Turner and Robert Bvrum
hav measles. .
nr. ana Mm. Jtimmett JonesT of
Norfolk, Va., spent the week-end
with Mrs.- Ida Reed. - ;
Mr. and Mrs. Roland Winslow and
daughter, Ruth, of Elizabeth City,
visited Mrs Wlnslow's mother, Mrs.
J. If. . Turner,' Sunday. .
Miss Beulah-White, a student at
10c & 25c
:' VIQUID, TABLETS '
ALVK, MOM DROPS
tarchic .but . certainly t"
extend reciprocal benefit t
tions trading with En:'
last November, Prime I'.l,
berlain announced that
E. C. TT C, Greenviiie, is spending
the spring holidays with her parents,
unr. ana Mrs. um wmte.'
Mrs. W. F, Cale and her son;
Montgomery, visited Mrs. J.-T. Tur
ner on Saturday evening. ' : -
Mr, ' and Mrs. William Byrum and
son and W, H. Hobbs,'of ' Colerain,
visited Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Byrum. on
Saturday ' -1
Misses. Kathleen Ward and Myrtle
Byruni were shoppers in Edenton.on
Saturday, and visited Mrs. Joe Bunch
intheafternoon" . '
Mr. and Mrs. Oliver Jordan and
son were guests' of Mr, and Mrs. T.
H. Byrum (Saturday evening.
' ' Mr. -and Mrs.' Raymond Wird visit
ed her, parents, M. and Mra.'Tv H.
Byrum, on Sunday. , t,' ,,.. n ,
Mr. " and Mrs. T. E. Jemigan, Miss
Beatrice Ellis, 1 Miss Mrytle Byrum,
and, Curtis rt. Caspar,., bf JHobbsville,
called- to see Mr. and Mrs., Eugene
Wilf ord Turner spent Saturday in
Edenton. He works in Ward's Shoe
Shop each Saturday. ?
Mrs; Eugene Jemigan and. daugh
ter, Sylvia, spent Monday -with her
parents, Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Byrum.
Mrs. Minnie Lane and two daugh
ters, of - Franklin, : Va., visited her
sister, Mrs. R. V. Ward, Sunday. .
Mrs. Lloyd Bunch and- son, Mrs.
Raymond Ward and Miss Myrtle
Byrum visited Mrs. Eugene Jernigan
on Jraday. ;. .. ; . -.
Misses Garnet Jernigan and Lillian
tllis were in Raleigh on Sunday.
'Miss Lois Lane, a student at Louis-
burg College, a spending the spring
noiiuays with aer parents, ; Mr. and
Mrs. H. E. Lane. ,
The Womanleaa Wedding put on by
uie fia Wednesday evening was a
success. A nice little sum was real
ized which will be used for the
Mrs? R. O. Furry and Mrs. Came
ron Boyce visited Ray Winslow at
Lake View Hospital, Suffolk, Va,, on
Mrs. Emmett Parker, of Sunburv.
spent a few "days last week with her
parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. N. Bovce.
Mr. and Mrs. J. N. Boyce and Miss
Myra Boyce visited Will Chappell,
at Belvidere, Sunday afternoon.
Mrs. O. E. Lane, Misses Eleanor
and Nellie Mae Lane, of Elizabeth
City, spent Saturday with Mrs. W.
H. Lane and Mrs. H. E. Lane.
Mrs. W. F. Cale and Miss Virginia
Cale spent Saturday, in. Suffolk, YaJ
Mies Elizabeth White, of Guilford,
spent the week-end with her parents.
Mr. and Mrs. E. B. White.
Mr. and Mrs. H. E, Lane, Mrs. W.
H. Lane, and Miss Lois Lane attend
ed services at the; Methodist Church
in Hartford Sunday evening. '
i Mts. TvAydlett and Mrs. Jack
teaneiie, ox jwuaoetn jxj, spent
Witt their father, E. C.
':.;-'!'. . - J hx .sS
I ' ' " r j " i ii u ii i v-
; 11 ' . f i i , ' - - 'l, ... -
FOR ALL OCCASIONS
DAY PHONE 88 NIGHT PHONE l! J
.r' A.C3NT F0Sf - '
KO c : TJ1 1
Nothing takes die place of a good side dressing widi ;
Natural Chilean Nitrate of Soda-"Natchel Sody", a
Uncle Natchd calls it ,
Like children, crops need lots of food Ivheo day really
start to grow. That's why it is so important to side dress
your crop' with Natural Cbfletn Sod to supply quicks
acting nitrogen just when it is needed. '
Chilean Nitrate is valuable not only as a source of nitrogen,
but also to furnish or build up a reserve of null amounts
of other plant food elements naturally blended with it
"Nafchelh blended .
de secrut" toys Uncle
ON YOU2 i?7 die Uncle Natcbcl pfogram every Saturday nfcht on
RADIO I WBT, KWKH, WJDX, WKVA, sad WMC. "
1 N ' V v y.: . ....
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