THE PERQUIMANS WEEKLY, HERTFORD, N. C, FRIDAY,
JANUARY 17, 1941
A SHORT, SHORT STORY OP FREEDOM
" There were loud voices in the
house next door. The argument was
. evidently becoming what we call
"heated." We could hear some of
the words as we passed on our wa7
i '"They seem to be taking the gov
ernment apart," my husband remark
ed. "But then, Jones always gets
excited when he talks about taxes."
"Yes," said I, "and Mr. Brown has
very different ideas about defense.
With these few harmless observa-
Itions we dismissed this vivid example
of one of America's traditional free
doms -freedom of speech. Of course,
people have the right to say what
they want to, whether others believe
it. or notl
, T The evening paper, tightfly folded,
was on the porch when we got home.
John opened it up as we went in ana
turned on the light. There on the
front page was an editorial criticizing
certain statements made recently b
. our chief executive. "Well," said he,
",J,B. doesn't seem to agree with the
president." We laughed, for thai
was putting it mildly for "J. B.," tht
editor was rabid on the subject
without the least fear concerning his
paper or. his person. And so, we
calmly took for granted another f
our national freedoms freedom of
A few minutes later Mary came
rushing in the front door, cheeks
flaming, "Mother!" she exclaimed,
"I've just had the awful est argument
with Bill Sullivan. About religions.
He told me everything that is wrong
with our church. And I todd him
everything that was wrong with his.
The idea of people being so blind and
bigoted and old-fashioned! I'll never
speak to him again."
"There, there, Mary . . . calm your
self. People can be good friends
and still have very different ideas
about religion," I said, "and the
thing that really matters is sincer
ity." Thus, was another of the
fundamentals of our precious Bill of
Rights accepted. s
And then John's brother came in.
We could see he had something on
his mind. "That store down at the
corner that I've told you about. Re
member? Well, I've bought it! Go
the money from old man Larkin and
I'm opening up next month. Looks to
me as if there was going to be more
and more business out this way and
if a fellow gets in on the ground
floor . . . ."
"Good for you, Bill," we said, con
gratulating him and never giving a
thought to our system of free pri
vate enterprise that makes this type
of individual intitiative possible.
There, in a few simple home inci
dents is the story of our American
way of life. A way unknown in
much of the rest of the world today
where men dare not speak their
minds ... or print the truth ... or
express their opinions on religion . . .
or undertake a business of their own.
. . . "Sweet land of liberty!"
Every County In State
Will Be Visited Dur
Investigators for the beer industry
will visit every North Carolina county
during 1941 to make certajn that re
tail beer dealers conduct reputable
places of business.
Edgar H. Bain of Goldsboro, State
director of the Brewers and North
Carolina Beer Distributors commit
tee, announced that the industry's
"clean up or close up" campaign has
resulted in the elimination of 136
undesirable beer outlets in 41 coun
ties 109 by revocation, three by
surrender of licenses, and 24 by re
fusal to re-license.
"A great majority of beer dealers
conduct reputable places of business,"
Colonel Bain said, "but there is a
minority which disregards the law
and public decency. Our campaign
is directed at these scattered outlets.
During 1941 our field representatives
will check on these outlets and when
necessary, we will request the local
authorities to recoke their licenses."
During the past year, Bain said,
more than 1,000 retail outlets in 84
counties were inspected. He empha
sized that the "clean up" campaign
will be carried to all counties in 1941.
Narrow Tobacco Plant Officer Arrests Negro
Bed Is Recommended
, Four good reasons for constructing
f a narrow tobaco plant bed are listed
jkp re-season recommenuations to to
&Sco growers by Dr. Luther Shaw,
plat pathologist of N. C. State Col
lege. He also suggests the import
ance of the proper location for the
"If the tobacco bed is built nar-
ow, JJr. bhaw said, more plants
sire produced per square yard; the
danger of trampling on plants while
i weeding or pulling is avoided; the
plants can be watered more easily
' and uniformly; and fourth, and most
important, narrow beds can be equip-
1 , ped, and treated for blue mold with
. . more satisfactory results than wide
The Dlant natholosrist recommends
jW the plant bed be 5 feet 8 inches
Vide to .allow the standard six-foot
cpver to fit snugly when the fund
ration method is used to control blue
, ftold. A pathway 18 inches to two
A et wide should be left between ad,-
"-fUe benzol or paradichlorobenzene
fumigation methods are the best for
7 controlling blue mold," Dr. Shaw de-
". dared. "Copper-oxide spray is also
satisfactory when applied in advance
ffcf.thK first appearance of the djs-
r-e on ine iarm. nne spray acts
i as a preventative, while the fum-
"fanta will kill the mold after it has
infected the plant bed." i
The 'State College specialist also
Ouggests that the plant bed be locat
ed convenient to a source of water,
and preferably near the house, be
cause constant attention is required
during the development of the young
plants. "It is also' desirable, he
says, "to locate the beds so that they
will be,, protected as much as possible
from strong winds."
After An Assault
Over Card Game
.. Frank W. Truitt of Ocan City, Md.
has worn ttie some straw hat for
over 80- years. 1
Deputy 'Sheriff M. G. Owens order
ed Theodore Cox, Negro, to appear in
Recorder's Court on January 21 on a
warrant sworn out by Washington
(Dumby) Felton, who charged Cox
with assault with a deadly weapon.
On investigation Deputy Owens
learned that Felton and Cox were
engaged in playing "skin game," a
Negro card pastime during which
Felton reached into the pot and start
ed to take the amount which Cox
evidently didn't approve, because he
immediately stabbed "Dumby" in the
leg with a knife.
HOSTESS AT BRIDGE PARTY
Mrs. W. G. Wright charmingly en
tertained at a bridge party Thursday
evening. The following guests played.
Mesdames Charles Williford, H. C.
Stokes, George Barbee, Carroll R.
Holmes, Tommy Jessup, and B. G.
Koonce. Misses Helen Morgan and
Mary Sumner. High score prize was
awarded Mrs. Holmes and Miss Sum
ner received low. A dainty salad
course was served by the hostess.
Poultry Short Courses
Being Held Over State
A series of 13 district poultry
short courses, annual service events
of the N- C. State College poultry
staff, has been started and will con
tinue through February. County
farm and home agents of the Exten
sion Service are in charge of local
The first two short courses were
held this week, on Monday in Curri
tuck and on Tuesday in Greenville.
The remainder of the schedule is as
follows: January 20, in the court
house at Sylva, Jackson County;
January 21, in the community build
ing at Marion, McDowell County;
January- 2.7, in the courthouse at
JUST RECEIVED NEW LOT
v SPLENDID TOPS
7 v Wide Range of Sizes
. Satisfactory Rebuilding of Shoes
y Promptly Done
Complete Line of
Griffin's liie lolisbes
t Julian Ward's Shoe Shop
Virginia-North Carolina Section:
The movement of farmers' stock to
shelling and cleaning mills has re
cently been light, but cooperative
warehouses have been taking a sub
stantial volume- The quality of the
farmer's stock shows no improve
ment, and most Jumbos are reported
light in weight and suitable primar
ily for sheling stock. Best Bunch
peanuts are scarce and a little strong
er but other grades are holding about
steady. Prevailing prices per lb.,
f.o.b. delivery points, follow:
Virginias, Jumbos, best 3 -3 3-8c,
medium 3 1-8-3; Bunch, best 3c.
few 3.55c, medium 3-3 l-8c; shelling
stock, best 3c, few higher, medium,
2 -2 7-8c.
Spanish farmers' stock 90-97 per
Cleaned Virginias are firm to
slightly stronger while shelled pea
nuts are holding about steady. Shell
ed and cleaned peanuts are still in
rather light demand, but millers are
looking for a stronger demand fol
lowing the inventory period.
INDIAN DIES IN CRASH
Bedford, Pa. White Wolf,
year-old Sioux Indian Chief, a
vivor of the Wounded Knee Massacre
of fifty years ago was killed in an
automobile crash as he was traveling
from his home in South Dakota to
Washington to appear before a con
gressional committee concerning an
aftermath of that conflict. Three
other Indians, Chief Thomas- Fast
horse, Chief Arthur Boneehirt and
Frank Shorthorn, were hurt.
Hyannis, Neb. As his relatives
met to plan his funeral rites, Gordon
Houpt, Sandhills mail carrier, who
had been lost in a snowdrift for font
day v , walked in. When Houpt's
empty car was. found stalled in the
now, relatives assumed him to be
frozen to death. Instead h had made
his way to a nearby ranch and holed
1. How does Democratic strength
in the new Congress compare with
representation before the 1940
2. Who is Arthur B. Purvis ?
3. What is the present strength
of the Army?
4. What is the current monthly
production of the American aircraft
5. When did London experience
the great fire?
6. How many hours of bombing
did London experience in 1940?
7. What nations have common
frontiers with Bulgaria?
8. Name two World War emperors
now living in exile.
9. How long did the Oast session
of Congress stay convened?
10. What is the population of th
United States and its possessions ?
1m A loss of three senators and a
gain of eight in the House.
2. Head of the British Purchasing
3. About 600,000.
4. 2,400 plane engines and 700
5. September, 1666.
6. 1,180 hours.
7. Rumania, Yugoslavia, Greece
8. Kaiser Wilhelm, of Germany,!
and King Ferdinand, of Bulgaria.
9. One year, from January 3
1940, to January 3, 1941.
Lumberton, Robeson County; Janu
ary 28, in the court house at Bur-
gaw, Pender County.
February 11, in the court house
at Henderson, Vance County; Febru
ary 12, in the court house at Smith
field, Johnston County; February 17
in the court house at Wilkesboro,
Wilkes County; February 18, in the
court house at Graham, Alamance
County; and February 26, in the
Court house at Troy, Montgomery
C. F. Parrish, head of the State
College Extension poultry office who
is in charge of the short courses,
say3 that schools also wiill be held in
February in Rowan and Gaston Coun
ties, on dates yet to be set.
Parrish discusses general poultry
production at the meetings. Prof.
Roy S. Dearstyne, head of the State
College Poultry Department, is talk
ing on the research program; T. T.
Brown, poutry extension specialist,
discusses marketing and quality of
puoltry products; Dr. C. H. Bostian,
poultry geneticist, and C. J. Maupin,
Extension specialist, taOk on breed
ing; and H. C. Gauger lectures on
disease control and gives demonstra
tions. Egg shows are being held in con
nection with each of the short
courses. Each entry consists of one
dozen eggs. All short courses begin
at 10 a. m., and close at 3:30 p. m.
The Woman's Society of Christian
Service of New Hope Methodist
Church met on January 9th, at the
home of Mrs. Mattie Robbins, with
twelve members and one visitor pres
ent. The opening hymn was "Blest
Be The Tie That Binds," with aB
members repeating the Lord's Prayer
in unison. The business session was
conducted by the president, Mrs. C.
W. Griffin. A report of the year's
work was given. Mrs. W. W. Spencer
was elected secretary to succeed Miss
Vida Banks, who resigned to accept
a more useful position. The Leaflet,
"Our Heritage for Health in the U.
S.," was presented by several mem
bers. The devotional was conducted by
the Rev. J. D. Cranford with appro
priate Scripture lesson and very in
teresting remarks on "Our Heritage
The Rev. J. D. Cranford dismissed
the meeting with prayer. During the
social hour the hostess, Mrs. Robbins,
served delicious refreshments.
POTATOES REMOVE FROM
THE SOU MORE POTASH THAN
COMBINED! The first requirement
in growing profitable
potatoes is plenty of potash the most important
plant food for producing high yields, more No.
l's, and good quality. For instance a 300-bushel
per acre yield uses 125 lbs. of nitrogen, 35 lbs.
of phosphoric acid, and 170 lbs. of potash.
Experiment stations and successful growers
have found 1,500 to 2,250 lbs. of a 5-7-7 anal
ysis per acre a profitable application.
Ask your county agent or experiment station
how much available potash your soil contains
and how much to add to carry your crop through
to more profit. Then make sure that your dealer
sells you a fertilizer containing enough potash
to supply what you need. You will
be surprised how little extra it costs.
Write us for our free illustrau
ed booklet on how much plant
food crops use.
POTASH INSTITUTE, INC.
INVESTMENT BUILDING WASHINGTON. D C.
Mortgage Guarantee Building, Atlanta, Georgia
DOES FORD PAY GOOD WAGES?
Here are some facts about Ford Labor. parison of compensation insurance costs:
During the year ended November 30th,
1940, the Ford Payroll throughout the
United States averaged 113,628 hourly
wage earners, not including office em
ployes, students, or executives. They were
paid $185,105,639.12. On this basis, the
average annual wage was $1,629.05.
According to the latest available govern
ment figures, the annual average wage of
all workers in employment covered by
old age insurance law was $841.00.
If the 45,000,000 workers of this country
received the same average wage as Ford
employes, they would have had additional
wages of more than $35,000,000,000, thus
increasing the national income about
50. Think what such an increase would
mean to the workers of this country and
to the American farmer, whose prices are
based on the national income,
Wage scales in the Ford Rouge plants are
divided into three classifications:
Unskilled . . .
Minimum hiring wage . 75c per hour
'Semi-skilled . . .
Minimum hiring wage . 80c per hour
Skilled . . .
Minimum hiring wage . 90c per hour
Higher wages are in consideration of
ability and years of service.
Minimum wage scales for unskilled labor
at the Rouge plant are the highest ia the
industry. Top wages for skilled labor
compare favorably with, or are' higher
than, wages in other automobile plants.
Now some facts on Ford labor conditions:
Not only are sanitation and other health
conditions die best in the industry, but
Ford also leads in safety devices for the
protection of employes. Proof of
this is found In die following com-
The national average rate in automotive
manufacturing plants as computed by the
National Association of Underwriters is
in excess of $1.50 premium on each $100
payroll. The Ford cost of workmen's
compensation is less than 50c.
This indicates that the chance of injury
in a Ford plant is much less than in the
average automobile plant.
The Ford Motor Company has no age
limit for labor, and in fact deliberately
attempts to keep older workers working.
The average age of Ford workers at the
Rouge and nearby plants is 38.7.
A recent check-up shows that nearly one
bnlf the workers at these Ford plants were
40 or over, falling into these age groups:
25,819 between 40
14,731 between 50
3,377 between 60 and
417 between 70 and 80
12 between 80 and 90
In addition to the so-called regular em
ployes, the Ford Motor Company has
hired, and now has on the payroll, at the
same regular hourly wage, thousands of
workers who are blind, crippled or other
wise incapacitated for normal productive
work. They are not selected for their
ability to build cars or to maintain the
plant They are on the payroll because of
Henry Ford's belief that the responsibility
of a large company to labor goes be
yond the point at which the unfortunate
worker can no longer produce profitably.
The above are facts. They are open to
anyone who really wants to deal in facts.
Anyone who wants to get a job . buy
car ... or place a national defense con
tract on die basis of fair labor treat
ment must place Ford at die top
of his eligible Use.
FORD MOTOR COMPANY
up for foui days.