North Carolina Newspapers

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PAG2 TWO
THE PERQUIMANS WEEKLY. KKPvTEdSDr C, FRIDAY, MAY 2, 1941
loo;o;:g at i'j,is!o::gtc;j
By Hugo S. Sims, Washington Correspondent
FDR SHOWS CONFIDENCE
PEOPLE NOT YET AROUSED
ARMY GETTING READY
wrraiN 100 DAYS
DEFENSE CONTRACTS
TO PREVENT INFLATION
ARMY "OVER THE HUMP"
LEARNING WAR LESSONS
PLANNING NEW CAMPS
The President continues to be con
fident hat Great Britain will hold
out and that the struggle of the
democracies can be won by assuring
the existence of England which he
calls the defender of democracy.
In a recent press conference, the
Chief Executive pointed out that the
war will not be won by one sea sue
cess or Oefeat in Greece. He in
sisted that there will be no diminu
tion in the shipment of supplies to
Great Britain and cautioned the peo
pie of this country from moving
from pinnacles of hope to depths of
despair because of the day-to-day
events of the war.
In a previous conference, the
President pointed out that the peo
ple of the nation did not seem to ap
predate the gravity of the interna
tional situation and its implications
concerning life in the United States,
At the same time, Mr. Roosevelt
said that, in eeneral. public aware
ness of the significance of the strug
gle is gradually increasing but, so
far, had not been adequate.
In much the same spirit, Secretary
of War Stimson recently declared
that the most serious ' threat to the
nation's defense is that the average
citizen is not sufficiently aroused to
his own responsibility. "In the pres
ent state of the world, we cannot
move too quickly." Secretary of the
Navy Frank Knox, at the same time,
declared that the international situ
ation is "the gravest crisis that has
ever faced the world," and insisted
that "nations survive not merely be
cause they possess weapons, but
more because of morale which ani
mates the hearts of the men who use
them."
Much the same tenor is found in
the remarks of Director-General Wil
liam Knudsen, of the OPM, who in
sists that the keynote of national
defense is "to get everybody to look
at one thing national defense and
then help one another to get it done."
Vice President Wallace, discussing
defense production during the next
six months, says it "can turn the
scales toward a speedy peace for the
world ... or determine whether . . .
the United States will eventually
fight for its existence."
Adding to the consensus of official
opinion, Secretary of Commerce Jesse
Jones told newspaper men that the
nation's defense effort is "better
than good," but that "no matter how
fast defense production climbs, it
will not be fast enough to meet the
need or to satisfy our state of mind
our anxiety."
"The Army could give a good ac
count of itself today," Secretary of
War Henry L. Stimson, who points
out that despite the greater com
plexity of modern weapons, the job
of equipping the Grand Army of
1,400,000 men will be done in eight
months to a year faster than was
required for equipping the American
Expeditionary Force in the World
War.
Mr. Stimson said it is a mistake
to consider that the Army is largely
unequipped, declaring that we kept
from the last war all the basic wea
pons necessary and, in some cases,
such as with heavy howitzers and
the modernized 75's "we have enough
equipment for an army twice the
size." The Secretary of War made
it plain that the Army is preparing
itself for war in many and various
terrains, saying that it was "quite
uncertain in what part of North or
South or Central America, or even
possibly other regions, it ultimately
may be necessary" to move in the
defense of America and its posses
sions. Mass production of defense pro
ducts will begin within 100 days, ac
cording to John D. Biggers, Director
of Production, and William Knudsen,
Director of the OPM, says that the
country can expect "clear sailing"
from now on because it is about
seventy, per cent re-tooled for de
fense.
OPM Director of Purchasing Nel
son points out that defense cash paid
out since June exceeds $4,000,000,000,
against contracts amounting to more
than $14,000,000,000. Total contracts
awarded since June have been allo
cated as follows: Ships and ship
parts, 34.6 pe cent; munitions, am
munition and ordnance, 21 per cent;
airplanes, engines, accessories, 18.6
per cent; industrial facilities 9.1 per
cent; posts, depots', station, T.2 per
cent; transport equipment, &J7 per
, cent; other equipment, -- and Jiupplies
7.8 per en. ' 'v'r?V' -Jv.
It shoul4'be "understood that the
ff 1 -M . "A I
ation has been suggested with the
"idea of constituting a strong deter
rent on prices and inflation.''' Offi
cials realize that civilian buying will
soon' "outstrip" the output of civilian
consumer goods and that in order to
avoid a "runaway rise in all Jiving
costs," some way must - be found to
cut down the volume of ' civilian
spending. !; Increased taxation and
heavy borrowing out of the savings
of the public is expected to retard
increased prices.
Tne new National Army is "over
the hump," says General George C.
Marshall, Chief-of-Staff, who told a
congressional committee that 1,250,
000 men are "properly organized,
receiving effective training and ex
hibiting the "highest morale I've
ever seen."
Before the General appeared, there
had been discussions and some cnti
cism of the high coat of canton
ments, but General Marshall imme
djately assumed "personal responsi
bility" for changes which added ma
terially to the cost. These, he said,
were done to maintain and increase
the morale of the soldiers. One "Item
involved the painting of new canton
ment buildings at a cost of $15,000,
000 above the estimates. General
Marshall said he ordered the paint
ing because "it would be very bad
for morale to coop men up for a year
in World War type places that look
ed like lumberyards."
General Marshall explained that
the Army and War Departments, in
preparing for the emergency, did not
dare to ask for appropriations which
were necessary until congressional
opinion was altered by the impact of
the German break-through m France
last summer. He pointed out that as
late as March, 1940, "many of our
appropriations requests were cut,"
although two months later he "was
bitterly criticized for suggesting
that we should have only 10,000 more
planes."
The General referred to plans,
largely on paper, for a 4,000,000
man Army, based on World War ex
periences, and pointed out that it
was impossible to know what prob
lems modern war would impose until
new German tactics and weapons in
the present war revealed themselves.
While preliminary plans provided for
"an initial protective force" consist
ing of the Regulars and the National
Guards, the nation did not induct the
National Guards into Federal service
until last fall, nor did it pass a Se
lective Service Act until that time.
General Marshall pointed out that
the study of the new tactics revealed
by the German Army was delayed
by lack of anything but newspaper
reports because military attaches
could not go to the front in the
Polish campaign and it was not un
til "we could check on what hap
pened since last May," that Army
of coordination and application, put
officers could "learn the Nazi scheme
ting the Army on wheels for speed,
using the airplanes as artillery in
coordination with ground lorces on
the battle front, (which we had
thought impracticable) and taking
great risks in rapid advances."
n connection with future plans,
the General pointed out that with
$15,000,000 appropriated early this
year to make preliminary surveys for
the locations of camps for additional
soldiers, that the staff in charge had
been able in three months to select
only seven of the twenty-eight sites.
These sites, he stated, must be much
larger than those used in the World
War because of the need to organize
in single localities large "triangular
divisions" of various arms which
must be taught to work in coopera
tion. In addition, there is the great
ly expanding fire-range of modern
weapons which require large areas
free from civilian activities for train
ing. Equally large areas are requir
ed for training armed forces with
tanks, highly destructive to roads
and soil.
RYLAND NEWS
Mrs. Harriett Parks, of near Gli
den, spent Saturday night and Sun
day with her daughter, Mrs. R. S.
Ward.
John Butler Byrum visited in Eli
zabeth City Sunday evening.
Mrs. H. H. Lane and daughter,
Miss Juanita Lane, were in Edenton
Thursday morning.
Mrs. Vance Moore and son, Grady
Vance, Mr. and Mrs. Joe White and
children, of Suffolk, Va., Mr. and
Mrs. Cale Ward, of near Sign Pine,
and Mr. and Mrs. Carson Davis and
little son, Calvin, of near Gliden,
were guests of Mr. and Mrs. R. IS.
Ward Sunday afternoon.
William and Lehman Ward were in
Norfolk, Va., on business Saturday.
O. C. Ward and daughter, Miss
Minerva Ward, visited Mr. and Mrs.
C. C. Copeland Sunday afternoon.
The Missionary Study Class will
meet with Mrs. N. E. Jordan Satur
day afternoon. The Sunbeam Band
will meet at the same time and
place. It is hoped that both meet
ings till be largely attended.
Mr. and Mrs. Alma Boyce and
small son, of Sunbury, were visiting
with relatives here Sunday.
MEET "JUST KIDS" NEW
COMIC BOOK FEATURE
4-Via mm
v fcM MU A1VUI UIO HUB
in f Just Kids," one of the many en-
joyaDie leatures in uie
COMIC BOOK
new 8-page supplement
every week with the
The American Weekly
the big magazine distributed with th
Baltimore American
On Sato at All Newsstands .
Report On Ers
Shovslncreoss
North Carolina egg production for
the first quarter of 1941. was 11 per
cent above the same period last year,
W. T. Wesson, junior statistician of
the State Department of Agriculture,
reported today.
Production for January, February
and March totaled 191,000,000 eggs
compared, with 172,000,000 for the
same period in 1940.
"North Carolina' was the only
South Atlantic State showing an in
crease in the number of layers on
hand during March as compared with
the number on hand during March of
ttast year," Wesson said, using a Federal-State
Crop Reporting Service
'SummafjTas a basis' for Tiis informa
tion. The March egg production of 93
million eggs was four per cent above
the same period last year, while the
rate of egg production per layer for
the month was 14.29 eggs compared
with 13.93 a year ago and 8.6 eggs
for February, 1941.
North Carolina's average produc
tion per layer during March was
slightly under the United States av
erage of 14.96. The number of lay
ers on hand during March in the
State was estimated at 6,506,000 or
two per cent above the number last
year at the same period.
Wesson reported that "prices re
ceived by North Carolina farmers for
eggs on March 15 were 12 per cent
higher than a year earlier and that
chicken prices were up nine per cent
from the previous year."
For the United States, the March
production of 4,611,000,000 eggs was
the largest for the month since 1931.
However, the number of layers on
farms for the period was three per
cent under March, 1940.
Stallions Require
Adequate Exercise
Lack of exercise ruins more stal
lions for breeding purposes than any
other cause, says Sam L. Williams,
assistant extension animal husband
man of N. C. State College.
The best way to exercise these
animals is to work them. However,
if this is impossible, they should be
led, driven, or ridden at least three
miles each day. In addition, they
should have long paddocks seeded to
some good permanent or temporary
pasture into which they can come and
go at will.
Williams said a recent development
in horse breeding has been the wide
adoption of the' trailer in transport
ing stallions and jacks during the
breeding season. This plan is par
ticularly recommended in counties
or communities where the maximum
number of mares are not serviced.
Stallions and jacks should be kept
in a thrifty condition, not being al
lowed to become either overfat or
run down at any time, the State Col
lege specialist said. They should be
fed at the rate of about 2-3 pound of
grain $er 100 pounds liveweight
when not in service. This amount
'Tfc
should be " Increased to 1 pounds
per 100 during the breeding season.
These breeding ? animals , standing
for public service should be purebred,
sound, and of good type and quality.
The most essential points of confor
mation are; a straight' strong. back,
closely coupled and : well-muscled
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W-? ' .... ' . '.
HERTFORD, N. C v
8 ; Had Help ( 1
V Teacher (looking overt Teddy's
home work)-"I don't how it's
possible for" a single person to ma-s
so many mistakes."
Teddy (proudly) "It isnt toy
single person, teacher. Father Min
ed me."
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