THE PERQUIMANS WEEKLY. HERTFORD. N. C, FRIDAY,. MAY 16, 1941
LOOKING AT WASHINGTON
By Hugo S. Sims, Washington Correspondent
f3 REPUBLICANS TAKE LEAD
WARN OF NAZI MENACE
WILLKIE FOR ALL-OUT AID
KNOX WARNS OF DANGERS
URGES USE OF NAVflf NOW
FDR WANTS MORE BOMBERS
- MORE COMBAT PLANES
it is interesting to ooserve tnat
three members of the Republican
M bJT 1UIV6 KMkGIl UUC IQWi III ail ef
fort to awaken the neonla of this
country to the serious menace which
u preseraeu oy tne march, of Hitler's
armies across the battlefields of
Wendell L. Willkie, Republican
presidential candidate in 1940, sel
dom misses an opportunity to empha
sfaf his all-out support for Britain.
. He"atonsistenly advised the President
to, take any risk that this course may
entail as the lesser evil. Mr. Willkie
ays that the United States must in
sur the safe delivery of war ma
terials to the British by convoy, pa
trol, airplane accompaniment or
"what not." He insists that "Eng
land will win if the increased produc
tion of the United States reaches the
' Secretary of the Navy Frank
Knox, who ran for Vice President on
the Republican ticket in 1936, ac
cepted an invitation to become i
member of the President's Cabinet
beewse of his conviction that the
1- V 1 l.i..
uauuu was in pent ana tnat u was
tine duty of all Americans to put pa
' triotic service first. He has been
outsponken in his efforts to convince
Americans that the Nazi menace
ttreatens to engulf the Western
Hemisphere. While he has not hesi
tated to OnnnSA t.ho trunafor nf 7u-
sels which, in his opinion, might
weaken the American Navy, Mr.
Knox makes it plain that the destruc
tion of the British Navy would con
front this country with hostile sea
power "immediately superior" to our
own. tie sees the nation in "fearful
danger'' and reasons that our na
tional safety lies in "supplementing
the forces of Britain."
The third member of this Republi
can trio is Secretary of War Henry
L. iStimson, who was Secretary of
Stap under President Hoover when
Japan began the march of the dicta
tors by seizing Manchukuo. At that
time, Mr. Stimson advocated a stern
policy in the Far East and unsuc
cessfully attempted to enlist the sup
port of the British Government.
With the development of the Axis
Alliance, Mr. Stimson has, upon
notable occasions, warned the people
of this country of the dangerous im
plications of Axis success in Europe.
Invited to become a Cabinet member,
and to serve as Secretary of War,
tnis icepubucan leader did not hesi
tate to respond to the call.
Mr. Stimson ursres the nn nf ihhn
American Navy to assure the deliv
ery oi American-made munitions to
Great Britain and to secure the seas
for American defense. He believes
that such action will check the tide
of Nazism until the defense forces
of the democracies are completed and
confine the, "malign force of des
potism" until "the tide of freedom,
has begun to rise."
Mr. Stimson points out, in this
connection, that if our navy is with
held until the power of the British
Flee"t and nation is broken, the ex
tent and power of its execution would
shrink to a small fraction of what
the two navies can accomplish at this
President Roosevelt is taking steps
to speed up the production of the
instruments of warfare and other
supplies and equipment which will be
necessary in rendering assistance to
the British and preparing the United
States for any eventuality. One step
along this line is his recent letter to'
secretary btimson, empowering him
to increase the number of heavy
bombers so that the democracies can
gain command of the air. Mr. Roose
velt pointed out that the democracies
are gaining in the relative strength
of air forces and that steps must be
iaKen to hasten the process.
While no official announcement
was made as to the numbers of heavy
bombers contemplated, some Wash
ington writers estimate that 500
heavy bombers would be the monthly
goal. The British have been appeal
ing for bombers able to carry heavy
loads of explosives for thousands of
miles, and it is thought that the
rresiaents action means an effort to
make available the machines which
will be used to break down the
economic and military machine that
seeps tne uermans fighting.
The production of military air
craft in the United States, during
the month of April, was 1,427 planes,
representing an increase of seven
teen percent over March and nineteen
per cent over December. It is ex
pected total production of military
craft in this country this year will
reach 20,000 instead of 18,000 as
It may be interesting to compare
the April output with production for
former months. which
March, 1,216; February, 972; Janu-!
ary, 1,03b; December, 799.
While complete figures are not
available to reveal the percentage of
trainers and combat planes in the
Aprn roiai, it is reasonably certain
that the proportion of combat planes
has been steadily increasing in recent
months. In February, out of 972
planes, 415 were trainers, 25 were
commercial airline ships and 68 were
other types. This leaves 464 combat
ships for February.
In announcing the April plane
production figures, the Office of
Production Management gave no de
tails. It is impossible to say what
percentage of the planes were deliv
ered to the British or other foreign
countries. Some idea may be Obtain
ed from a Commerce Department re
port on Aeronautical Exports, during
the first quarter of 1941, 1 however.
In March, 418 land planes were ex
ported, with the British Empire and
Egypt receiving 414. This compares
with 258 in Februarv. Generallv. th
tempo of plane deliveries is being
steadily accelerated. This includes
airplane engines as well. "
Hubby: You must economize!
Think of the future. If I were to
die, where would you be.?
Wifey: I should be here all right.
The question is where would vou be?
C. S. Layden
stmwwim esse mxzm 1
JOhat is a
REN GO By
Answers to Quiz far Drivers
A. The new light reconnaissance
cars being made for the U. S. Army.
A. Almost 4,000,000 childroa are
transported to school by bus.
A. If you drive 250 miles at 50
m.p.h. instead of at 40 m.p.h., you'll
save just a little more tlan on hour.
Funeral services for Calvin 55. lv.
den, age 70, were conducted .Saturday
afternoon, May the third, at. 2 o'clock.
at the home with the Rev. Frank
caie, of lyner, assisted by the Rev.
J. T. Stanford, of Center Hill. Mr.
Layden was a member of Great Hope
Baptist Church. During the service
"Sweet Bye and Bye" and "When
the Roll is Called Up Yonder" were
sung. A solo, "Whispering Hope,"
was sung by Mrs. Ruth Monds, this
being a request of Mr. Layden's be
fore his death.
The casket was covered with a pall
of white carnations, Easter lilies and
fern. Floral tributes were beauti
ful. The funeral services were very
Active pallbearers were: J. E.
Rogerson, A. J. Parrish, C. C. Mans
field, A. W. Hefren, C. A. Perry and
J. M. Sutton. Honorary pallbearers
were: J. C. Blanchard, Ray Chappell,
Preston Rogerson, J. E. Boyce, L. B.
Perry, Alton Stallings, Bob Hollo
well, Curvin Mansfield, Freeman
Mansfield, Elmer Roberson, Jack
Hunter, and Oscar Hunter.
Mr. Layden had been a member of
the W. O. W. for 24 years.
Interment was made in the family
plot at the home.
Surviving are his wife, Mrs. Ma
mie Layden; two sons, Anderson E.
Layden and Joseph C. Layden; one
daughter, Mary E. Layden, all of
Hertford; four grandchildren, Elliott
Layden, Myra Layden, Horace Lay
den and Joseph Layden, Jr.,; three
brothers, Elmo, Add and Bob Layden;
one sister, Mrs. Laura Onley, and a
large number of nieces and nephews.
plies to be exported under the Tnd-
Prof. Roy E. Dearstyne, head of
the .State College Poultry Depart
ment, says poultrymen will be mak
ing a valuable contribution to the
program by taking good care of eggs
on the farm. Farmers also should
improve methods of feeding and
make full use of poultry equipment,
"Carelessness in handing eggs for
market lost 5 percent of the United
states' egg production in 1939,"
Prof. Dearstyne declared. "This loss
represents 175 million dozen eggs,
with a cash value of about $30,
500,000. Careful handling means
more eggs for food supplies for this
country and other democracies, and
additional income for Duoltrv pro
The steps in producing quality
eggs, and more of them, are simple
and can be followed on every farm
without additional expense, the State
College leader stated. The steps in-
1. Provide the flock with the pro
per quality feed for good eggs.
2. Keeping a deep, clean litter on
the poultry house floor, and confin
ing the birds in the house until noon
3. Providing plenty of clean nests,
at least one to every five hens.
4. Producing infertile eggs for
the market. This will require re
moval of male birds from the flock
as soon as the breeding season is
5. Gathering eggs frequently, to
reduce the number of dirty eggs.
6. Cooling eggs as soon as they
are gathered, to as near 50 degrees
as possible, to prevent spoilage.
Never place warm eggs in the case.
Johnson: "What gives Parker that
strained look business worries?"
Jones: "No, he picked it up trying
to listen to his wife and the radio at
the same time."
Eggs Needed For
An increase of at least 6 percent
(10 million cases) is needed in egg
production this year to meet the re
quirements of the National "F,l
for Defense Program,' 'including sup-
TESTED RECIPES, HELPFUL
HINAS FOR BUSY WOMEN
New ways to prepare Helectahlp
dishes, hints to lessen housework
and other helpful aid for busy women
will be found in the Housewifp'a
Food Almanack, regular feature with
The American Weekly
the big magazine distributed with th
Side dressing your row
and hill crops with
Natural Chilean Nitrate
of Soda is the ideal
method of supplying
quick-acting nitrate at
the exact time they
It contains 16 nitrogen
and small amounts of
other "vitamin" plant
food elements, such as
boron, iodine, calcium,
and many more.
For over a century
farmers have preferred
Natural Chilean Nitrate
of Soda. It is the time
tested nitrate for every
Be Sure You Get
NITRATE OF SODA
Flowers Get Hungry
-"Beautiful garden cannot be obtained and maintained without proper
irouiux oi uic pianis.
j a mue attention paid to the proper
fertilization of flowers, shrubs, and
other ornamentals will frequently
, give great satisfaction in better and
t more lasting plantings. Many flow
ers SI ranutiv (rrnrmiY ntanta rnA
- - - .... 5.vnui5 yaaiiia aiiu
therefore must 1v asaifr,l nf a vlAt
- f ul supply of plant food to take care
vi ineir needs during the intense
, growing period.
'St Tl.. 1: r .
tilizer will produce a rapid and lush
ft growth. The use of this fertilizer on
new beds frequently gives good re
suits for a year or two. Then the
plantings do not do so well, to the
aisappoimment of the gardener.
What he does not realize is the drain
, on the phosphate and especially the
.'.; nntaefi in f Via tMtlA U.. At.- 1
- most of which are removed each year
jas trasn or prunings. A number of
;, growers use bone meal, which takes
. care of the phosphate, but potash is
i- often' very much the neglected child
;in the lertuizer family.
-' With the tendency to use large
V amounts of nitrogen to get , large
growth, the use. of potash is partic-
ularly important These two plant
looas complement each other, and
each does best when used in proper
y ratio with the other. The potash bal
" ' nce? . mpid-growth-producing
' - qualities of the nitrogen, and give
wrtm m.n. , wamtu -m - j .1.
:, M.v uwilk auUlKUV viuur. 2U1U me
uuiij iu .caul uiacasea ana uniavnr-
iV.able weather conditions.
A A. flower growing on a rich bed
V. 'often startt off with a fine growth,
makes a big plant, then bends over
and produces a disappointing, small,
and dull bloom., Roses winter-kill
and suffer from: black spot in the
.summer.t Bulb plantings' do-poorly
; after' the first year.- The cause in
many case Is unbalanced fertiliza-
tion. , 1 ".,. .
"i ' The proper fertilizer, to use varies
. with tne plantings and the soil. In
most cases, a complete fertilizer
' stiould be used. This is one contain
. ing nitrogen, phosphoric acid, and
potash. A good general purpose fer-
3- . .i . ,
,a vug luiimuiiEiif inc nutn-
. mi naie hi rtii rxewsstanas
3 1 m mm 'Mmnmm
ents in a 1-2-2 ratio. Such analyses
as 5-10-10, 4-8-8, 4-8-7, and simi
lar grades fall in this class. In many
sections, a potato or tobacco fertilizer
makes a good flower fertilizer. In
the analyses, the first figure refers to
the percentage content by weight of
nitrogen, the second to the phosphoric
acid, and the third figure to the
potash, the analyses always being
given in the same order. In buying
fertilizer, more attention should be
paid to the analysis than to the brand
name, since it is the content not the
name that does the work.
Fertilizer should be used during
the spring and summer. When mak
ing new beds,, it should be evenly
spread after spading, but before
working down the soil. In old beds
the fertilizer should be spread be
fore working them up, so as to mix
the fertilizer well with the soil, and
prevent burning the seed or roots of
the plants. A good rate of applica
tion is 3 or 4 pounds per 100 square
On plantings of roses and other
perennials, the fertilizer should be
spread around the plants several times
during the season at about half a
handful to the plant Care should
be taken that very little or none of
the fertilizer comes in direct contact
with the plant The plants should
be dry when the material is spread,
and it is a good practice to water
well after applying the fertilizer.
Complete fertilizer, should not be
applied after Labor Day. In order
to harden perennials and make them
go through the winter in better shape,
it is a Kood nractice to annlv one
or two applications of a fertilizer
sucn as W-liMU, or 0-14-14during the
Questions relative to what can he
done about evergreen plantings turn
ing orown are often asked. . This
browning usually ia due to a mst or
ganism, arid so far no effective direct ,.
remedy has been found.. ' The best '
thinir to do is to fertilize ai lUe-ffested
for perennials, so at to increase the :
general vigor of the plant
You can buy a used car from your Chevrolet dealer
with confidence . . because Chevrolet dealers are
reliable merchants . . because they are the leaders in
new car sales and because they believe in offering
A-l used cars at the very lowest prices.
Hertford, N. G