AUGUST 22, 1941
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- '.- XI
3 nirrmc at WACiinsnTnii
L r LUU.UItU 111 If f Milium Ull
'') - By Hugo S. Sims, Washington Correspondent j
f Bouse Vote Close On Sendee Eaten-;
' r sion. 'F. D. R. Faced Defeat
f 1 The entire foreign policy of the;
president barely escaped disastrous
' complications when Che House passed
the bill extending Army services by
the narrowest possible margin. .
The legislation! already approved
' by the Senate, 45 to 30, extended the
twelve months' term of selectees and
National Guardsmen by eighteen, ad-;
' ditional months. In the House, 118
Democrats and 21 Republicans sup
ported the measure recommended by
- the Chief -of -Staff of the Army and
65 Democrats, 133 Republicans and
4 minor party members voted against
The foreign policy of the Adminis
tration ib based upon the fundament
K al presumption that the Western
Hemisphere, if not actually imperil
ed, is so acutely threatened by possi
ble develoDments abroad, that the
United States must prepare itself
for active defense against probable
General George C. Marshal, Chief-of-Staff
of the Army, had asked
Congress for a lengthening of the
term of service, maintaining that the
new army of 1,531,000 would be dis
rupted by the discharge of drafted
men and that a "national disaster"
might ensue. His request was back
ed by President Roosevelt, who sent
a special message to Congress.
X There were two chief arguments
used against the proposal: (1) The
assertion that the country is not in
such grave danger and that the Ad
ministration paints too black a pic-
i ture of our future prospects; and,
y ,A) that the men in service expected
to serve only one year and that to ex
tend their time would be to break a
"contract" with them.
The close vote in the House, while
expected to some extent, was viewea
as a warning to the President that
the people of this country do not yet
thoroughly appreciate the gravity of
the international situation. The al
most even division of the House, de
Bpite strenuous efforts to convince
representatives that the nation's de
fense required extension of service,
was attributed to: "(1) The desire of
some Republicans to make a political
-issue, the opposition party voting
more than six to one against exten-
ision; (2) The belief of some repre
sentatives that the security of this
country has been improved by the
'developments in Russia; (3) the in
evitable pressure from relatives and
men in service, anxious to get back
home, and the inexorable political
role that the House whose-members
face the electorate every two years,
is inclined to be wary."
Vichy Goes Nazi. Danger To U. S.
Unrestrained French collaboration
with Germany raises serious prob
lems for the United States in regara
to the relations of this country and
the Vichy Government of
y 0 Implications behind the French an
v nouncement involves the situation in
Africa, especially the control of
Dakar, and the disposition of French
possessions in the Western Remis-
vphere. Of course, the French Gov
'ernment will insist that, it retains
' control of its colonial emnire. but. bv
virtue of the "understanding" with
Germany, it is feared that French
possessions will become the equiva
lent of German-controlled colonies.
The decision of the Vichy Govern
a diplomatic contest
which has been underway for more
than a year. (Since the fall of
France, certain French elements have
dvocated full-fledged collaboration
itK Hitler in the hope of salvaging
a sphere of influence for France.
Germany has continued to exert
pressure on the Vichy Government in
order to secure concessions of mili
' tary value in connection with the war
' against Great Britain.
The United States, represented at
Vichy by Admiral Leahy, has applied
full diplomatic pressure to prevent a
French plunge into Adclph Hitler's
' "New Order" in Europe.
Now that the Vichy Government
has proclaimed its intention of co-
operating with Germany, . it is ob
vious, that future developments may
? transform the cooperation into the
' abject subservience of a conquered
. state. This, it seems, is likely and
' : carries the possibility that Germany
, will eventually acquire complete con
; trol of the entire French colonial
empire. , - h. .. -
Crisis In Far East Shooting May
Begin. Japan Calls U. S. Hand. '
The situation in the Far East, bam
about reached . the stage where the
United States should get ready for
business" on a large scale, or else
candidly admit defeat; by, the Japan
ese, withdraw entirely from the. Far
"j BILLIONS IN GOLD IDLE IN
"MV- ENGLISH BANK
Piled up in the vaults of the Bank
of England are boards of gold and
freasure, unclaimed for years.-. Now
efforts art being; made to use the
wealth against enemies of Great Bri
tain. Don't miss this unusual stor7
n the August 31st issue of
The American Weekly
rhe Big I'-': n rWnited With
,1 ment1 follows
East and abandon the diplomatic
positions which have been taken
When Japan 'seized Manchukuo,
the United States announced that it
would not recognize the altered sta
tus of the regions seized by force.
Having gotten by with that grab, the
Japanese have steadily and persist
ently carried out a program of ag
gression against the territory of
The United States has diplomatic
ally denounced every aggressive step
including the encroachment of the
Japanese upon our commercial rights,
which have been disregarded with
Our attitude has been well known
to the Tokyo statesmen, as they
planned the use of force to secure
control of the. Far East, regardless
of international law, treaties and the
natural rights of other nations.
Having pursued such a policy with
considerable success for more than
ten years, it is obvious that Japan is
inclined to continue her advances in
the Pacific. Past experience con
vinces the Tokyo Government that
the United States will do little more
than make a diplomatic protest and
reserve its rights. If this is all,
Tokyo will be grateful.
Even economic restrictions will be
accepted by the Japanese, who are
confident that they can overcome
such disadvantages and perhaps re
verse them against the United States
by acquiring control of vital raw ma
terials in the South Pacific. Diplo
matic displeasure and economic re
strictions are expected by Japan and
her policy has been planned with
these in mind.
Secretary of State Cordell Hull,
who recently returned to Washington
after a period of recuperation, insists
that our difficulties with Japan will
be settled only on a basis of the
Fourteen Points he enunciated in
July, 1937. These require Japan to
adjure "the use of force" as a na
tional policy and to submit problems
to "peaceful negotiation and argu
ment" under international law.
The Fourteen Points laid the basis
for Japanese-American negotiations,
providing for "equality" of commer
cial rights in the Far East, which
would compel Japan to re-open the
doors which have been closed in
China. The Japanese have shown no
desire whatever to deal with the
United States upon the basis of the
pre-war system that rested, in the
ory, upon the observance of treaty
The situation in the Far East, as
Japan comes under complete mobili
ration, is such that hostilities may
begin almost any day. There is only
one way for the United States to
avoid a show of arms with Japan.
To have what the Japanese call
"peace" in the Far East, this coun-
Marshal' must surrender its diplomatic po-
oiuuu, give up us ireaiy ngnts ana
acquiesce in complete Japanese, con
trol of the Far Eastern areas. If we
are ready, as a nation, to do this in
the interest of peace, we can un
doubtedly appease the Japanese for a
If the United States is not ready
for a complete surrender in the Far
East, the best chance of preserving
peace is to be found, we think, b7
making unmistakable to Tokyo our
determination to meet aggressive ac
tion with counter-action. The Japan
ese have egged our relationship to
the point where in the Far East the
United (States must put up, or shut
Japanese action indicates that the
Tokyo statesmen have a suspicion
that if Japan applies proper pressure,
the United States will shut up. If
Tokyo is mistaken, and we think it is,
the shooting is apt to begin in the
Far .East without further notice.
City ori Tuesday afternoon. '
Mr. and Mrs. David White, of
Norfolk, Va., spent Sunday with his
mother, Mrs. J. C. White.
Calvin Wilson spent Sunday after
noon in Hertford.
Carey Quincy spent the week-end
J. C. Wilson was in, Elizabeth City
Mrs. Kate Jackson is spending a
few days with friends in Portsmouth.
Mrs. John Asbell and children
spent Tuesday morning with Mrs.
PINEY WOODS NEWS
the campaign' and expressed Its ap
preciation "for the cooperation of
State Director Edgar H. Bain and
members of his staff."
The endorsement of the "clean up
or close up" campaign by these two
groups is timely in view of the fact
that approximately four-fifths of the
committee's clean-up activities are
with the sheriffs and commissioners.
Governor J. M. Broughton, during
a speech before the sheriffs' meeting,
also commented favorably on the
work of the North Carolina committee.
Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Chappell, their
children, Mary and Milton, Miss
Mary Lamb, C. J. Raper and daugh
ter, Miss Margaret, Mr. and Mrs.
Curtis Chappell, Mrs. Raymond Dail,
W. C. Chappell, Miss Margaret
Chappell, Mr. and Mrs. James Roun
tree, Oliver Chappell, Miss Beulah
Mae Byrum, Miss Mattie Saunders
and Mrs. Mamie Lane attended
Friends Yearly Meeting at Wood
Mr. and Mrs. George Ward and
children, Marjorie and Bobby, of Eli
zabeth City, visited Mr. and Mrs.
Caleb Raper Monday morning.
Mrs. W. D. Perry, of Bethel, spent
the week-end with her parents, Mr.
and Mrs. W. W. Chappell.
W. W. Chappell continues very ill.
Mrs. Laura Ward has returneo.
home after an extended visit with
her daughter, Mrs. Fred Jenkins, at
West Obey, Negro, of Baltimore,
Maryland, drowned in the Perquim
ans River last Thursday afternoon.
His body was not recovered until
Obey, who was about 30 years old,
was in bathing with several other
Negroes at Knowles Landing, near
the Railroad bridge, when he got into
deep water and drowned before help
could reach him. It was reported
that he failed to come up after going
under the first time.
Local citizens, Deputy Sheriff M.
Gv Owens and members of the Coast
Guard aided in locating the body af
ter a search of several hours.
Dr. C. A. Davenport, county coro
ner, declared the cause of the Negro's
death to be accidental drowning.
UBMV-TIBM".-A WONDEffPUL LIMIMKMT
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HERTFORD HARDWARE & SUPPLY CO.
EDENTON, N. C.
BRIGHT JEWELS MEET
The Bright Jewels Missionary So
ciety of Up River Friends Church
met with Lizzie Winslow on Satur
day afternoon, August 16th.
The following program was ren
Duet, Margaret and Thelma White.
Devotionals, Marie Hughes.
Minutes of the last meeting were
read and the roll was called.
Esther Winslow read a poem.
The lesson, "Bright (Sky Tomorrow,"
was given by Lizzie Winslow.
Duet "The Shepherd of Love."
Refreshing lemonade and cookies
Those present were: Betty Lou
Eason, Lizzie Winslow, Lela Wins
low, Mary Love Winslow, Marie
Rountree, Esther Winslow, Mar
jorie Rebecca White, Thelma White,
and Marie Hughes, of Hertford.
Clean Up Or Close Up
The beer industry's "clean ud or
close up" campaign, which has result
ed in the elimination of 183 undesir
able retail outlets, has been endorsed
by two State groups.
The State Association of County
Commissioners, at its annual conven
tion at Wrightsville Beach, adopted a
resolution endorsing the campaign
and expressing the commissioners'
appreciation for cooperation shown in
ridding communities of objectionable
The North Carolina Sheriffs' As
sociation, at its conventions in Eliza
beth City and Manteo, commended
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Joe & (Bill's Service Station
Road and Wrecker Service
"Where Service is a Pleasure" Hertford, N. C.
Mr. and Mrs. Willie Clifton. Mrs,
Henry Simpson, her son, Wayne, Mr.
and Mrs. Hugh Patrick were guests
of Mr. and Mrs. Talmadge Lewis on
Mrs. Mollie Trueblood and son,
Tim, spent Sunday in Norfolk, Va.,
with Mrs. Trueblood's son, Davis
Mr. and Mrs. C. P. Quincy and
family spent Thursday in Norfolk.
Mrs. Daisy Perry and Mrs. John
Symons were in Elizabeth City Fri
day. Mr. and Mrs. C. S. Bell, Mrs. J. C.
Wilson and Curtis Wilson attended
services at Sawyer's Creek Baptist
Church on Friday afternoon.
Mrs. Hallett Owens, of Elizabeth
City, spent Thursday afternoon with
her mother, Mrs. Herman C. West.
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Elliott and
children have returned home ' after
spending two weeks at Nags Head
Mr. and Mrs. Walter Deal spent
bunday afternoon with Mr. and Mrs.
Mr. and Mrs. Gerald . Wood, of
Craddock, Va., spent Sunday with her
parents, " Mr.' and Mrs. Wi W. .Lewis;
Mrs. Jim Lane visil her daugh
ter,. Mrs. .Clarence Byrum, -Thursday
aiternoon. -- - r
Mrs. . Talmadga ; Lewis" and ". ' Miss
Beulah Bogue attended Farm - and
Home' Week at State ' College; 'JRa-
leigft, -during the first week in -Au
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HERTFORD, N. C.
Mrs J. C. Wilson was in Elizabeth
: j. : 1- .' f-