THE PERQUIMANS WEEKLY. HERTFORD, N. C, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1946.
ioa;;i;:G at Washington
By HUGO S. SIMS, Waahingt jrrespondent
'" " ?v ' ''..
Proposed Constitutional Change
Would Make The Rich Richer
Sixteen states have passed resolu
tions requesting Congress to call a
convention to provide for an amend
ment, to the Constitution which would
limit Federal income and inheritance
taxes to 25 per cent
The effort to amend the Constitu
tion by this method requires that 32
states pass the resolution, whereupon
the convention must be called to draft
and submit the amendment. Accord
ingly, it is somewhat important that
the people of the states, which have
not acted upon the resolution, under
stand the real nature of the proposi
tion. Congressman Wright Patman, of
Texas, calls the proposal "the mil
Bwaaire's amendment to make the
rlMkxiefcer and the poor poorer." He
says tHat it is being pushed by "the
most sinister lobby ever organized."
The purpose of the scheme is to
limit Federal income and inheritance
taxes to 25 per cent, which means
that a man with an income of $1.-
ypOOO.OOO, who now pays a tax of about
ouv,uuv, wouia omy pay $2du,uuu.
If this limit applies and the gov
ernment needs revenue, it will have
to secure the revenue by increasing
the income tax on those with smaller
incomes. Even then, it miriit be ne-
Keessary for the government to adopt
a national sales tax and other im-'-,
posts that bear especially upon those
i ;iwiui low incomes.
The promoters of the scheme,
identified to Congress by Mr. Patman
as Frank Gannett, a publisher report
ed to be a millionaire, Sam B. Pet
tingill, a former Congressman who
has actively conducted a campaign
against all New Deal measures, and
Edward A. Rumely, said to be a con
victed German agent during World
War I. The movement is sponsored
by an organization calling itself the
"Committee for Constitutional Gov
ernment." As we understand the proposal, the
amendment would limit income and
Inheritance taxes to 25 per cent, ex
cept in the event of war. This would
save money for those who now pay
more than 25 per cent of their in
comes in taxes, but it would almost
certainly mean an increase in taxes
for those who pay less than 25 per
cent on their incomes at the present
The campaign for the passage of
the resolution has been
Moatrtttterr-Ward Decision Hollow
; ictory, .Jgj NWLB
Mr. jgewell Avery, head of the
Montgomery-Wara' fend Company Mai
Order "House, recently won a legal
victory in his battle With the govern
ment but the triumph -was somewhat
tarnished by the biting criticism of
' his course by Judge Phillip L. Sulli
Mr. Avery is regarded as some
thing of a hero by a small contingent
of Americans but, before the great
mass of citizens make up their minds,
it might be a good idea to look into
the background of the legal squabble
and understand just exactly what Mr
Avery is trying to do.
Not many Americans are worried
by the statement that, unless the
higher courts reverse the current
opinion, the precarious balance be
tween labor unions and industry,
maintained by the War Labor Board,
may collapse. Many Americans are
not thoroughly informed of the task
assumed by the NWLB.
putes that might interfere with pro
duction. There have been two notable ex
ceptions Sewell Avery and John L.
Lewis. Avery has vigorously fought
the government, having legal clashes
in 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944 and now in
1945. John L. Lewis would not
agree to the non-strike pledge and his
mine strikes produced a considerable
part of the time lost from strikes.
Everybody understands, including
the government, business leaders and
labor leaders, that the National War
Labor Board does not possess author
ity to enforce its decisions. In at
tempting to settle labor disputes that
have arisen since Pearl Harbor, the
Board has made mistakes, but its
findings and, on the whole, its ver
dicts have been respected.
Recently Avery defied the War
Labor Board and its findings. Inas
much as the NWLB has no power to
enforce its findings, the President,
acting under broad powers to seize
whatever is necessary for the war
effort, ordered the seizure of the
Ward plant. In his recent decision,
Judge Sullivan ruled that the War
Seizures Act is not broad enough in
its terms to cover the seizure of the
plants of the mail order house.
Mr. Avery occupies the unenviable
position of a man who, while his
country is engaged in two tremendous
wars, is unwilling to cooperate with
his government, with labor leaders
and with other industrialists, to fore
When the Japanese attacked the
United States at Pearl Harbor, the
nation faced the immediate task of go technical rights temporarily in or-
j. o, uipmcin, mu- aer to speed the war effort.
milium, uuuts, snips ana other war
items at a miraculous rate if the na
tion was to defeat its enemies. It
was highly essential that strikes be
prevented, if possible.
In fighting his government and in
attempting to break up the war-time
truce between labor and industry, he
sets a poor example and hardly im
proves the prestige of his company in
The government sousrht and ob-' tne mnds of those who have loved
tained from labor leaders of the ' ones fighting overseas.
American Federation of Labor and!
the Congress of Industrial Organiza-1 1 041 Ppanilit frnrk
. - A e , i
uiuo, aim a lew omer groups, a
pledge to give up the strike, their
chief economic weapon, for the dura
tion. To persuade labor to give up
strikes, the government promised tw
fight against inflation and, since
wages were to be frozen, to keep the
cost of living pegged at its existing
level. This was the basic agreement
between the government and labor.
It is readily admitted that there
have been some strikes and that the
government has not been able to ful
fill its part of the agreement com
pletely. .Nevertheless, statistics show
that time lost from strikes is far be
low pre-war figures and that the cost
of living is in a great deal better
shape than it was in the first World
The labor leaders, in irivinir ud
conducted I their strike weapon and agreeing not
to stage walk-outs for higher wages,
expressed fear that they would not
be able to maintain their membership
and then the government called upon
industry to grant "maintenance of
Practically all farmers' stock pea
nuts in North Carolina and Virginia
have been sold, according to L. Ma
rion Dilday, farm crops specialist
with the State Department of Agri
culture. "Except for cleaned goods, very
rather quietly in various states. Al
ready, Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware,
Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky,
Maine, Maryland, Michigan, Missis
sippi, New Jersey, Rhode Island.
Wisconsin and Wyoming have passed membership" clauses
the resolution. The Pennsylvania leg-; tracts.
islature passed it in 1943 but the Under this arrangement, workers
Governor vetoed it. It was presented ad a ri8nt either to join or stay out
to the South Carolina General As-! of a union but, if they joined, the
sembly in 1944, but, after being de
nounced on the floor of the Senate,
was withdrawn by its sponsors.
The proposal is an effort to shift
the burden of taxes from those able
to pay onto the shoulders of those
less able to pay. It abandons
the cardinal principle of the income
tax which compels those with the
largest stake in the government to
contribute a proportionate share to
the expenses of government.
The legislators of states which
have not yet passed the resolution
"maintenance of membership" clause I
kept them in the union until the con- i
tract of the union with the employer j
expired. In brief, labor unions, sur
rendering the strike, were protected
in their membership. j
This,' then was the basis of the
truce entered into to facilitate the j
production of war supplies. The j
government, labor and industry
adopted an arrangement designed to
prevent strikes and increase war pro
duction. To supervise the details,
the National War Labor Board, in-
should be on their guard to prevent j eluding panels of labor, industry and ,
the propagandists from slipping it ; tne public, was improvised to settle
issues arising under the war-time
The record shows that labor has ,
kept its no-strike pledge to a re-!
markable degree. Industrial leaders,
almost without exception, have waiv- j
ed contentious questions to cooperate ,
with the NWLB in settling labor dis-
wiivugu hid legislative mm. xnis
advice is offered because members of
' some legislatures that have passed
the resolution insist that they were
unaware of the action being taken.
Consequently, the legislative bodies
of the thirty-two states which have
not yet passed the resolution should
be on guard.
Bitter Fight For Control of
Government Properties Ahead
,1 It appears that Congress will re
move the lending agencies from the
Department of Commerce and that
the Senate will, thereafter, approve
the nomination of Henry A. Wallace
V as Secretary of Commerce.
X. The settlement of the bitter fight
I initiated by the President's nomina
iy tion of the former Vice President
snouia not loot anybody. It is only
a temporary truce. There will be, in
the course of the next year or two, a
titanic struggle for control of the
plants and properties of the govern-
The vigor and aggressiveness of the ,
i interests opposed to Mr. Wallace indi-1
J cate something of the nature of the
struggle ahead. It is vastly import
ant whether our war industries con
tinue to produce as independent units
or become parts of existing industrial
organizations. Much is at stake, with
' private interests and public interests
in direct conflict '
We prefer td see private capitalism
- develop and prosper in the United
States, but we do not believe that the
government should give away valu-
' able properties. Unless' existing or
ganizations are prepared to purchase
and operate the plants, th govern
ment should not hesitate to operate
them, if : necessary, to avoid selling
j- them' for . Junk. :sUa A
so far as we are concerned, we are
" tired , of the government of the Unit
ed States subsidizing the operation of
, business Interests; ? If tho govern
ment is to-invest its funds hi an en.
( terprise, the smart thing for the gov-
f eminent ,to do is to own some of the
' enterprise and sharo In its profits.
EDENTON, NORTH CAROLINA
We Have the Shows
Friday, Feb. 16
Maria Montez, Susanna Foster,
Jack Oakie and Turhan Bey in
"BOWERY TO BROADWAY"
Latest News Color Cartoon
Saturday, Feb. 17
Alan Lane and Wally Vernon in
"THE SILVER CITY KID"
'Manhunt ol Mystery Island' No. 5
Sunday, Feb. 18
Kay Kyser and Marilyn Maxwell in
With Lena Home and
Kay Kyser's Orchestra
Miunday-Tuesday, Feb. 19-10
A. J. Cronin's
'THE KEYS OF THri KINGDOM'
With Gregory Peck, Thomas
Mitchell, Vincent Price, Koddy
McDowall and Jane Ball
Shows 3:30, 6:10 and 8:50
Features 3:55, 6:35 and 9:15
Wednesday, Feb. 21
Basil Rathbone and
Evelyn Ankers in
"THE PEARL OF DEATH"
"Black Arrow" No. 4
Thursday-Friday, Feb. 22-23
Deanna Durbin and
Robert Paige in
"CAN'T HELP SINGING"
We have opened a sales stable at the old Blanchard
location on the Town Lot in Hertford, and are now
readv to either trade or sell.
We Will Carry a Complete Stock of Good,
, Well Broke Mules and Mares at All Times
BE SURE AND SEE OUR STOCK BEFORE
J .YQU BUY OR TRADE!
i XW, tot ,'., Hertford, N. C.
few peanuts are available for ship-!
ment other than on priority orders .
to manufacturers holding contracts
for peanut products for the armed
forces, and to candy manufacturers
who must set aside 50 per cent of;
their five-cent candy bars for deliv
ery to men and women in the military
service," said Dilday.
Postal Notes Not
Persons writing to service men and
women overseas are urged not to
send Postal Notes simplified money
order forms to their husbands, sons
and sweethearts in the service over
seas. Although the postal notes went on
sale by the Post Office Department
on February 1, 1945, Navy post of
fices afloat and at overseas bases
are not authorized to cash the notes.
They may only be cashed within
the United States nd are good for
only two calendar months from the
date of issue.
clean houses and nests for his hens,"
When eggs are dirty, bacteria and
mold easily enter the egg through
thin spots in the shell. Eggs should
never be washed except when ready
for immediate consumption. As to
the keeping quality of eggs, Brown
points out that clean eggs keep
much better than "cleaned" eggs. If
dirty eggs are to be cleaned, he rec
ommends dry cleaning with emory
cloth, sand paper or steel wool.
Brown estimates that North Caro
lina farmers last year lost about 214
carloads of eggs of 600 cases each
between the nest and the table and
that this loss amounted to about
Cold Preparation! oUaJ
Eggs To Save Loss
About five per cent of all eggs pro
duced are lost between the nest and
the breakfast table, and T. T. Brown,
Extension poultryman at State Col
lege, says that a large portion of this '
loss can be prevented if cockerels are
kept with the laying flocks and only
infertile eggs are produced.
The germ in a fertile egg begins
developing when a temperature of 70
degrees is reached, according to
Brown. Therefore, many of the sur
plus spring eggs are damaged by
heat while they are kept at home or
while they are in trade channels.
Other causes of loss between the
nest and the table include blood 1
spots, bloody whites, cracks and dirt
on eggs, Brown reports. "The pro-
ducer can't do much about blood
spotr. and bloody whites but he can ,
produce infertile eggs and provide I
MONTHLY INSTALLMENT LOANS
YOU CAN BORROW MONEY AT THIS BANK FOR
SEASONAL CROP PURPOSES ... OR FINANCING
THE PURCHASES OF
Automobiles - Electric Stoves
Electric Refrigerators - Taxes
Doctor's Bills - Hospital Bills
Vacation Trips and other items
We make Real Estate loans. Loans secured by collateral
and endorsement loans.
Before borrowing for any of the above purposes, consult
the officers of this bank.
We are glad to be of every service that conservative bank
ing will permit.
THE HERTFORD BANKING COMPANY
Member F. D. I. C.
Hertford. N. C.
1 Wmn 00 THE lg
SOUTHERN FARMERS W
m V V EVER STOP J
The Axis has reason to fear the Southern
Farmer. You are setting new records growing
foods that nourish fighting men and civilians
producing raw materials for the tools of Victory.
Americans realize the hard work you are doing
and the intelligence with which you are plan
ning. History will prove that you are worthy of the
highest decoration for devotion to duty.
SOUTHERN COTTON OiL
Published in Recognition
of the Achievements of Southern Farmers
W IS IS 1 1L n 2 s
The SOUTHERN COTTON OIL CO.
HERTFORD, JJ. C. PHONE 2131
1 ... .
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